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wm 




HISTORY 



OP 



METHODISM IN 
IRELAND. 



VOL. III. 

MODERN DEVELOPMENT. 



BY 



C. H. CROOKSHANK, M.A., 

Author of ^^ A MethfldUt Pioneer^ and ^^ Mrmtyrahlc Women of IriMh 

Mi'thodum in the La ft Ctntttrt/.'' 



LONDON : 

T. WOOLMER, 2, CASTLE STREET, CITY ROAD, 

AND 66, PATERNOSTER ROW, E.C. 

1888. 



S26 

V.3 



IVJnted tgr UaaaU, Wfttton, A Vinej, Ld., London and Aylcdibary. 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER L— 1820. 

Two branches of Methodism. The work in the counties of Mayo and Wexford. 
Labours of Ouseley. Retributive providence. A Dublin Methodist. Fer- 
managh. Belfast. Dromore. Armagh. Co. Down. The Conferences — 
Chapel Fund Committee appointed. Sound and homely advice. Co. Down. 
Athlone. Roscommon. John Summerfield. Bandon — defeat of oppo- 
nents of the Bible 1-16 



CHAPTER II.-1821. 

The Catholic Emancipation Act. Proposed union with the New Connexion. 
An encounter with the devil. Co. Antrim. Rowdies discomfited. New 
chapels in Bandon, and in Abbey street Reports from mission stationF, 
An English minister's Impressions of Ireland. The Conferences. Sympathy 
of the British Conference. Sligo. Change in hour of morning service. 
Hamilton s Bawn. Thomas T. N. Hull. Co, Wexford. Ouseley and 
Fecly. Conversion, labours, and end of Philip the prophet. . . 16-33 

CHAPTER m.— 1822. 

Conciliation and its ejects. Co. Wexford. Revival in Bandon. The general 
missionaries. The Connexional debt. Origin of the August District 
meeting. Bandon chapel and schools. The Primitive Conference. The 
Magazine. The Wesleyan Conference. Public services. £600 nearly 
lost. A brand plucked out of the fire. Two preachers lost and found. 
Enniskillen circuit. Co. Down. Co. Wexford. The general missionaries. 
Co. Cork — Cork, Bandon, and Skibbereen 34-52 

CHAPTER IV.— 1823. 

Letter of Dr. Clarke. Co. Wexford. Cork. Eillaloe. The general mission. 
Rathmullan mission. Labours of the Primitive Wesleyans. Cookstown 
chapel. Tour of Dr. Clarke. Wesleyan Conference. Ordination service. 
Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Increase of Wesleyan missionaries, and 
appointment of a general superintendent Queen's county. Meeting of 
Bible Society in Sligo. Monaghan and Anghnacloy ciicml. Bft^vi\^\ ^\. 
Belljnacaj, Labozzzv of the Primitive WesleyaxiB. • • • % ^%-^ 



IV CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER v.— 1824. 

PAGE 

Death of three ministers. Queen's county. Monaghan. Efforts to arrest 
intemperance, etc. Connexional debt. Wesleyan Conference. Primitive 
Wesleyan Conference. New Connexion Home Missions. Bandon. Con- 
version of James H. Swanton. Athy. Boyle and Eillashandra circuit. 
Ballymena mission. Labours of the Primitive Wesleyans. Portstewart 
chapel. Visit of Rev. George Morley. Visit to a quarry and its results. 
Public discussions on the right of the laity to read the Scriptures. Labours 
and opponents of Ouseley. . . . • 66-76 

CHAPTER VI. -1825. 

The general missionary. Revival at Lurgan — the introduction of Primitive 
Wesleyanism. Nenagh. Revival on the Newtownstewart circuit. Skull 
chapeL Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Visit of Rev. R. Waddy. 
Wesleyan Conference in Cork — the lovcfeast. Bandon. W. P. Appelbe. 
Mountrath circuit. Castlereagh cliapeL Newtownstewart circuit. Archi- 
bald M'Elwain. Coleraine — an infidel club broken up— Sabbath desecra- 
tion stopped. Ballymena mission. The general missionaries. Warings- 
town. Banbridge. A Young Men's Association. Manorhamilton. 77-88 

CHAPTER VII.-182C. 

Summcrhill chapel. Death of Bennett Dugdalc. Revival on the Maguircs- 
bridge circuit. Writings of Ouseley — their success. Conversion and early 
labours of Robert Huston. Ballinasloe chapel. BalljTnacarret chapel. 
Ballymena mission. Billy chapel. Daily schools. Primitive Wesleyan 
Conference, Wesleyan Conference — the Pastoral Address. Financial 
help from the British Conference. Tlie debt. Carlow circuit. Public 
discussions with Romanists. The general missionary. Miss Lutton at 
Newcastle. Bushmills chai)el. Bellaghy chapel. Lurgan chaiMjl. Ennis- 
killeir chapel. Lalwurs of the IVimitive Wesleyans. . . . 89-101 

CHAPTER Vni.-1827. 

William Feckman — his labours — a backslider reclaimed — personal fidelity. 
Co. Limerick. Origin of the annual Missionary Deputation. Newcastle 
chapeL Revival at Maguiresbridge— at Charlemont. Boyle and Ros- 
common. Oldcastle. First Primitive Wesleyan missionary meeting in 
Cork. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference in Belfast 
— public services. Founding of a Presbyterian church at Ballymacarret. 
Mr. and Mrs. James Boyd. Larne chapel. Hammonds' Marsh chai>el. 
Death of John Noble. The Cavan mission. Magherafelt mission. Fosscy 
Tackaberry in Dublin. Feckman in Co. Limerick. T. T. N. Hull on the 
Wexford circuit. The New Connexion. Labours of the Primitive Wes- 
leyans on the Lisbum and Cookstown missions, and on the Newtown- 
stewart circuit 102-15 

CHAPTER LX.— 1828. 

Public discussions in Patrick street chapel, Cork, and in Omagh. Life and 
death of a convert from Popery. Death of a promising young minister. 



CONTENTS. V 

BosBcarbery mission. A retributive proyidence. Conversion of Robert 
Wallace. Co. Donegal. Cavan Primitive Weslejan chapel. Revivals at 
Maguiresbridge and Tanderagee. Primitiye Wesleyan Conference. Wes- 
leyan Conference. Connexional debt paid. Moontrath circuit — conver- 
sion of Dr. Power. New chapels at Hyde Park, Ballyclare, Island Magee, 
and Moira. Aidmore. Outrage on a cbapeL Revival on the Bandon 
circuit. Reports from Primitive Wesleyan missionaries and preachers. 116-27 

CHAPTER X.— 1829. 

Catholic Emancipation. Ouseley*s proposal. The New Connexion. Down 
mission. Revival at Mallow. Presentation to Mr. Waugh. Richmond 
chapel. Drogheda circuit. The work in Belfast. Primitive Wesleyan 
Conference. Wesleyan Conference in Cork. Belfast, The Temperance 
reformation — ^its origin — first meeting in Belfest. Newtownbarry circuit — 
a homely experience — conversion of Benjamin Bayly — of an old lady. 
Drogheda circuit. Antrim. Romish intolerance at Armagh. Reports 
from Primitive Wesleyan mission stations. " A fulish auld Methody 
body." Inch 128-41 

CHAPTER XL— 1830. 

New Primitive Wesleyan chapels. Revival on the Charlemont circuit. Death 
of Mr. Shillington. Controversial writings of Ouseley — persecution and 
prophecy. Calvinistic controversy. Miss Lutton in Dublin. Visit of 
Dr. Clarke. A wild and unruly rabble subdued. London Missionary 
Anniversary. Reports from mission stations. Primitive Wesleyan Con- 
ference. Wesleyan Conference — the Temperance movement — the Book- 
room — a slave redeemed. Ringsend chapel. The New Connexion. 
Accident to Ouseley. Revival on the Newtownbarry circuit. Conversion 
of George Grant. Methodism introduced into KillorgUn. The Donegal 
mission. Ballynure. Lisburn. 142-65 

CHAPTER Xn.— 1831. 

Schools established by Dr. Clarke. Miss Lutton at Bushmills. Catholicity 
of a rector. Lissacaha chapel. Mission schools. Temperance movement. 
Banbridge Primitive Wesleyan chapel. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. 
Wesleyan Conference. Conversion and early labours of Robert Hewitt. 
Labours of Ouseley. The preacher and the priest. Methodist co-opera- 
tion. Methodism introduced into Whitegate. Re - introduced into 
Anghrim. Hospitality of a Romanist. The daily schools. National 
Education. 166-65 

CHAPTER XIII.— 1832. 

Sligo chapel. Testimony of a clergyman. Tour of Ouseley. Revivals at 
Killashandra — Tanderagee — Manorhamilton — Enniskillen, and other cir- 
cuits. Primitive Methodism introduced. Dr. Clarke's last visit. Primi- 
tive Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference. The cholera — its 
progrwa— Cork— Stonyford— Westport — spiritual results — death ot t^<i 
preachers. F. Tackaberry in Bnnior. R. H listen in CotVo^^— ivjTqvreX— 



VI CONTBNTS. 

extends to the Wexford circuit. Fidelity and its reward. MarkethiU — a 
wonld-be Methodist and his gcesc. Revivals at Enniskillen, Mnnor- 
hamilton, Cavan, and Clones. F. Fitzgerald. . . . . 160.81 

CHAPTER XIV.— 1833. 

The Whitefeet. Revival in Bandon. Skibbereen chapel. Attempt on the 
life of Ouseley. Conversion of Joseph W. M'Kay. Dr. Clarke's schools. 
The New Connexion. Providential deliverance. Belfast. Primitive 
Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference — "A slice to spare." The 
New Connexion. Newtownlimavady. Yonghal chapel. First Temper- 
ance Society in Co. Armagh. Labours of Ouseley. Employment of 
Scripture readers. Dublin Methodism — the chapels— social intercourse. 
Rev. T. Waugh — a prayer short and to the point. Rev. W. Reilly — ^ready 
wit. Rev. T. T. N. Hull. Rev. R. Huston — two supernumeraries. Happy 
John — a plain and effectual prayer 182-96 

CHAPTER XV.— 1834. 

Revival in Bandon. Public discussion at Skull. Revival at New Ross. Co. 
Down. Report of Rev. Elijah Hoole. Total abstinence — Judge Crampton. 
Experience of Mrs. Crampton. Revival on the Irvinestown circuit. Re- 
])orts of Wesleyan missionaries. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Wes- 
leyan Conference. Testimony of the British Conference. Ouseley and 
Calvinism. Revival in West port — conversion of William Arthur. Revival 
on the Ballina circuit— at Hyde Park. Introduction of Methodism into 
Ballynure, and into Crumlin. Magniresbridge circuit. Brown street 
chapel 197-210 

CHAPTER XVI.— 1835. 

The New Connexion. Death of Wm. Black. Revival at Bally nacoy. ^linis- 
terial support. Controversy at Garvagh. Bally macarret Primitive 
chapel. Work of Rev. Adam AverelL Primitive Wesleyan Conference. 
Wesleyan Conference in Belfast. Addi*css to the British Conference. 
Calvinistic controversy at Drc^heda. Ouseley's tact. Bandon — Romans 
vii. 18 — country appointments — a short and ready reply. Ferbane 
chapel. Captain Vicars. A remarkable case of impression. Templemorc 
chapel. Londonderry chapel. Armagh chapel — a conscientious barber — 
an unguarded prayer and its consequences — a ready reply — collapse of a 
counsellor. MarkethiU chapel — a merciful providence. Primitive Wes- 
leyan chapel at Dromara — at Dundalk — Langrish Place. The Warrenites. 
Death of the Hon. Miss Sophia Ward 211-28 

CHAPTER XVn.— 1836. 

Kilkenny mission — Clonmel — Co. Wicklow — Sligo — Newry — Dromara — Lis- 
burn and Antrim — Augnacloy. Kingstown and Wexford chapels. Rev. 
Wm. Shaw in Wexford. Rev. T. Lessey in Bandon. Dublin breakfast 
meeting. Carrickmacroas. Primitive Wesleyan Conference — presentation 
to Rev. A. AverelL Wesleyan Conference. Conversion of Wallace 
M 'Mullen. Tanderagee circuit. Testimony of Rev. W. 0. Croggon. The 
New Connexion. Kilkenny mission. Boyle chapel. Conversion and 
early labours of Thomas C. Hagaiie — a brave boy — perseverance rewarded. 
Banbridge mission. lisbiuii and TriUick Primitive Wesleyan chapels. 229-42 



00NT8NTS. VU 



CHAPTER XVni.— 1837. 

rxBM 
LabotniB ci Ooaelej. Donmanway chspeL Parish of Desert. Sligo district 

meetiiig. Frederick street chapel. Tanderagee Primitive chapel. Death 
of T. B. Quest Primitive Conference. Wesleyan Conference— imposi- 
tion of hands. Address to the British Conference— an emancipated slave, 
and a converted Indian. Hibernian missionary meeting. The New Con- 
nexion. Bevival at Moira. BelUy, Tackaberry and Grant in Belfast — 
HJngnlar premonition. BeviTal <m the Derry circoit. Ballyshannon and 
Pettigo. Early laboors of J. W. M'Kay. Letter of William Hamilton. 
Gideon Ouseley. Chj^iel at Derrygonnelly. T. C. Maguire at Turlough — 
awake. 24.3-59 

CHAPTER XIX.— 1838. 

The Primitive Wesleyans. First pablic breakfast and earliest Methodist 
fnneral service at Bandon. Kilkenny fmd Drumkeeran chapels. Bally- 
shannon and Pettigo drcoit Barnabas Shaw and James Dixon. Revi^ 
at Lisleen. Visit oi Miss Lntton to Tullamore and Moira. Wesley Place 
chapel. The New Connexion. The Primitive Metliodists. The Primitive 
Wesleyans on the Ballyshannon circuit. The Conferences. Eahke- 
qa(xnaby. An Irish jadge. Bandon. Ouseley. Conversion of Frederick 
Elliott, and consequent revival. B. Huston in Dundalk. Magherafelt 
drcoit. Touching acQpunt of a blind girl. Holy wood. 260-71 

CHAPTER XX.— 1839. 

Terrible storm. Final labours and death of Ouseley. Conversion of William 
Butler, and revival at Wexford. Wesleyan Centenary movement — new 
Aoxiltary Fond. Primitive Wesleyans and the Centenary. Dromore and 
Spring^eld chapels. Willowvale. Belfast. Wesleyan Conference — 
marked exercise of faith. Primitive Conference. Revivals at Tullamore, 
the RoBcrea circuit, Bandon, and Sligo. Galway chapel. O'Connell and 
the Wesleyans. Dungannon. Primitive Wesleyans — revivals. Belfast 
Marked answer to prayer 272-87 

CHAPTER XXI.— 1840. 

Temperance work — Bandon — ^Waterford. Conversion of Thomas M^Cullagh. 
A missionary mistaken for a priest. Tour and addresses of the Yorkslure 
farmer. Revivals at Aughrim and at Belfast. Donegal place chapeL 
Wesleyan Conference. Primitive Conference. The work in Dublin — 
Gravel walk chapel rebuilt Wm. P. Appelbe in Limerick. Gillman and 
Tackaberry in Cork. E. M. Banks at Tralee. Gibson M'Millen. Reilly 
and M'Kay at Portadown. Meaning of " the tnrf." J. Armstrong and 
the parish priest New Primitive Wesleyan chapels. . 288-301 

CHAPTER XXII.— 1841. 

Reviral on the Charlemont circuit. Cootehill chapel. S. Larminie in Toughal. 
Belfast divided into two circuits. Bushmills and Newry chapels. First 
missionary breakfast at Bandon. Sad end of emigrants from Cork. 
London Missionaiy Anniversary. The New Connexion. Wesleyan Con- 
fesrenoe. PrimitiTe Conference. Donegal place chapel o^esie^. ItaiA^ 



Vm CONTBNTS. 

PAGE 

of Dr. Droller. Riots in Cork — a little boy crossing the Jordan. Beviyal 
at Galway — a recipe for the fear of death. J. Armstrong. Marked answer 
to prayer. James Caaghey in Dublin. Another remarkable instance of 
the power of prayer — a notable conversion 302-16 

CHAPTER XXni.— 1842. 

James Caughey in Limerick, and in Cork. Ballyfaman. Kilkenny mission. 
Foandation stone laid of the Centenary chapel. Selling tickets for 
religious services. Upper Falls. John White's conversion and early 
labours. Queen's county mission. Castlecaulfield chapel. Wesleyan 
Conference. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Warrenpoint and Gleds- 
town chapels. James Caughey in Bandon — a strange dream. Superstition 
at Youghal. Mallow. William Reilly at Waterford. The barony of 
Leyny. Children of soldiers marched to chapel .SI 7-30 

CHAPTER XXIV.— 1843. 

Hostility of the Established Church. Death of William Curry. Revival on 
the Enniskillen, Clones, and Maguiresbridge circuits. Conversion of 
Charles L. Grant. Awakening at Ballinamallard. Death of John Hadden. 
Hardwicke street premises. Oixining of the Centenary chapel. Wesleyan 
Conference. Primitive Conference. S. Larminie in Youghal. Revivals 
at Clones and Derrygonnelly. Primitive Wesleyan chapel, Portadown. 
Clones. Belfast. Ligoniel chapel. Conversion and labours of Robert 
Collier. Clerical opposition in Co. Sligo 331-43 

CHAPTER XXV.— 1844. 

The Connexional school. The chapel and work at Thurles. Labours of the 
Primitive Wesleyans — Co. Wicklow — Youghal — Kinsale — Ballyconnell — 
Clones — Kirlish — Lurgan — Lisburn — Tanderagce — Death of J. G. Wake- 
ham. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference. Temper- 
ance work. Opposition and sympathy in Cork. Roscommon Primitive 
chapel. Revival at Charlemont 344-54 

CHAPTER XXVI.— 1845. 

The Maynooth grant. The Queen's Colleges. Primary education. Father 
Tom and Wesley's hymns. William Reilly in Cork. A sermon abruptly 
ended. R. G. Gather in Belfast Revival on the Tanderagee circuit. 
Stradbally and Maghera Primitive Wesleyan chapels. Primitive Wes- 
leyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference. Origin and progress of 
Methodism at Doagh. The Eillashandra circuit. Revival in Bandon. 
Sad and admonitory incident. French Church street and Templemore 
chapels. Reports from Primitive Wesleyan missionaries. . 355-64 

CHAPTER XXVII.— 1846. 

The Evangelical Alliance. Maiden speech of William Crook, jun. James 
Johnson of CrumUn. Revival at Charlemont. Primitive Wesleyan Con- 
ference. Wesleyan Conference. Revival of the general mission — labours 
of the missionaries. Bandon circuit. Disastrous unfaithfulness. Conver- 
sion and labours of James Donnelly. Ballynure chapel. Donegal square 
chspe] 366-72 



CONTENTS. IX 



CHAPTER XXVln.— 1847. 

TA.QM 

The famine — pestilence— GoTemment relief — priyate enterprise— eelf-aacriflces 
— emigration-— effects. The general missionaries. Revival at Cavan. 
Opening of Donegal square chapel. Wesleyan Conference. Primitive 
Wesleyan Confeience. Revival in Belfast North. Primitive Wesleyan 
chapels at Portadown and Tallyroan. The mother of Methodism in Eilly- 
man 373-82 

CHAPTER XXIX. -1848. 

Reports of D. D. Heather, and several of the Primitive Wesleyan missionaries. 
Bible burning at Newmarket. Reports from Wesleyan missionaries — in 
the south — the west — the north. Wesleyan Conference — Address to the 
British Conference — Methodist loyalty. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. 
Sympathy of the British Conference. Mullingar— a public house turned 
into a place of prayer — conversion of a physician. District missionaries. 
Enniskillen. Reports of Primitive Wesleyan missionaries. . . 383-93 

CHAPTER XXX.— 1849. 

Church government. Wesley's relation to the Conference — the power of the 
Conference. Reform agitation in England — ^in Ireland — answer to prayer. 
Two condemned murderers won for Christ. Bandon. Wesleyan Con- 
ference in Cork. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Appointment ot a 
general missionary. Revivals at Mohill, Roscommon, and Lowtherstown. 
Burning and rebuilding of Donegal square chapel. Calvinistic contro- 
versy. The cholera. 81igo. Death of James Field. Introduction of 
Methodism into China 394-405 

CHAPTER XXXI.— 1850. 

Revival on the Roscommon mission. The Primitive Wesleyan general mis- 
sionary. Awakening on the Lowtherstown circuit. District missionary 
deputation. Conversion of William H. Quarry. The Reform agitation. 
Declaration by ministers. Wesleyan Conference. Primitive Wesleyan 
Conference. William Reilly on the Carlow circuit. Remarkable recovery 
from insanity. Full consecration and its result, ^illashandra circuit. 
The Primitive Wesleyans. Financial help from Scotland. . . 406-15 

CHAPTER XXXII.— 1851. 

Success of the daily schools. Sligo. Revival at Bandon. Narrow escape of 
D. D. Heather. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference 
in Belfast — appointment of a general missionary— address presented to 
the Prerident. New Connexion revival. Labours of the general mis- 
sionary. Randalstown chapel. Debt paid ofl from Abbey street chapel. 
Reports from Primitive Wesleyan missionaries and schoolmasters — from 
Mr. Griffin. 416-25 

CHAPTER XXXm.— 1852. 

Recognition of the rights of Methodist soldiers. Female Otphasi €^Qn\^ 
Oablin. OastleblAToej. Persecntion at Markethill. Discoid 9^ ^«c^- 



X CONTENTS. 

PAGX 

bridge. Thomas Bennett and Clonakilty. The general missionary. Re- 
ports from Primitive Wesleyan missionaries — from Wcsleyan missionaries. 
Wesleyan Ck)nfereDce. Primitive Wcsleyan Conference. The general 
missionary. Gibson M'Millen at Westport, and James Henry in 
Connemara. The Boyle circuit. Downpatrick. Increased practical 
sympathy from Scotland and England. Death of George Chapman. 42G-3G 

CHAPTER XXXIV.— 1863. 

Agnes street chapel. Systematic Beneficence. Gold and the Gospel. Jolm 
Walker at Nenagh. Reports from Wesleyan missionaries— the general 
missionary. Wesleyan Conference in Cork. Circuit Aid and Extension 
Fund — laymen admitted to the Committee of the Contingent Fund. Gift 
to the British Conference. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. A Metho- 
dist martyr. Visit of the hundred ministers. Kilkee chapel — conversion 
of a Romanist policeman. Clifden. Gibson M'Millen assaulted. Report 
of Samuel Young — his narrow escape 137-47 

CHAPTER XXXV.— 1854. 

Falls road chapel. l*rimitive Wesleyans in Belfast. Belleek chapel. In- 
creased ministerial support. Report of Mr. Young. Effects of the visit 
of the hundred ministers. Samuel Johnston at Killala. Wesleyan Con- 
ference. The Education question^ducation of ministers' children. 
Primitive Wesleyan Conference — D. D. Heather sent as a deputation to 
America. Work of James Oliver. Lowtherstown circuit. Rathmines 
and Coleraine chapels and residences. 448-67 

CHAPTER XXXVI.— 1855. 

Lecture by the Rev. William Arthur, A.M. Reports from the Wesleyan 
missionaries — in south — west — north. Wesleyan Conference in Belfast. 
Increased ministerial support— appointment of two general missionaries. 
Fund for the increase of Wesleyan Agency in Ireland — deputation to 
America. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. The general missionaries — 
right to conduct open-air services. Co. Cavan — Tyrone — Derry — Bandon. 
Jubilee of Patrick street chapel. Conversion of William Brown. Bil)le 
burning at EingsAwn. Revivals in Fermanagh. Robert Crook in 
Belfast North. Pamphlets of John Hughes. John 8. M*l)ade at Tan- 
deragee — conversion of a poor inebriate — of a young man who was said to 
have no sin 458-69 

CHAPTER XXXVII.— 1856. 

William M, Punshon — first visit to Bel&st — first lecture— preaches in Dublin. 
Conversion and subsequent career of Charles C. Rorke. The general 
mission. Co. Donegal. Revival on the Charlemont circuit. Primitive 
Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference. Deputation to America. 
The Boyle circuit. The general missionary. Revival on the Lowthers- 
town circnit. Belfast South — Holy wood. Revival at Lame. Robert G. 
Gather in Coleraine. Reports from circuits and missions of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society — LoDgf ord— Maguiresbridge — Lowtherst o wn — Lurgan. 

470-81 



CONTENTS. XI 



CHAPTER XXXVni.— 1857. 

PAOB 

rbe general mission. Death of Mrs. Whittaker. Reports of Wesleyan 
missionaries — Lncan and Trim — Connemara — Donegal — general mission. 
BeviTal on the Magoiresbridge circuit. Glackadromman school-house. 
Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Conference in Cork. Address 
to the British Conference. Improved ministerial support. Co. Donegal. 
Portadown circuit The general mission — Waterford — Coleraine. 
Reports of the Primitive Wesleyans — Cork — Magniresbridge. Street 
preaching in Bel&st 482-93 

CHAPTER XXXIX.— 1868. 

Berival on the Springfield circuit — in Cavan. Impressions of an English 
minister — Portadown — the work in general. Reports of Wesleyan 
missionaries. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Wesleyan Methodist 
Conference. Revival in Portadown. Eillala mission. Opposition at 
CoUooney — a site secured — ^the chapel built — the opening service — 
providential deliverance — fidelity to Methodism — ^a retributive providence. 
The Donegal mission. The Primitive Wesleyans in Belfast. Revival on 
the Tanderagee circuit 494-604 

CHAPTER XL.— 1859. 

The great revival — its origin — its extension — Ballymena — Ballymoney and 
Coleraine — Newtownlimavady — Londonderry — Bally clare — Ballynure — 
Hyde Park — Belfast Wesleyan Conference — the Contingent Fund — 
public services. Primitive Wesleyan Conference. Visit of Dr. and Mrs. 
Palmer. The revival — Lisbum — Dromore — Donaghadee and New- 
townards — Lurgan — Portadown — Armagh — Moy — Aughnacloy— Clones — 
Cootehill — Ballyjamcsdufi — Cavan — Maguiresbridge — Enniskillen — 
Pettigo — Ballyshannon — Fintona — Omagh — Donegal. The Irish 
EcangelUt, The work done by Irish Methodism — ^thc progress made — ^the 
fruit in other lands — the future 605-26 

Index to Persons and Places. 527-44 



HISTORY OF METHODISM. 



CHAPTER I. 

1820. 

^ETHODISM in Ireland mnat now be considered as 
consisting of two distinct organizations, nnder the 
guidance and direction respectively of the Wesleyan 
Methodist and Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Con- 
ferences. Each of these associations accepted the same 
system of Christian doctrine, engaged in the same hallowed 
work, and largely maintained the same discipline ; yet 
one afforded fecilities for the exercise of all the functions of a 
Chnrch, and placed legislation in the hands of the ministers alone, 
while the other avowed itself to be an auxiliary to the churches, 
and admitted the laity to an equal share of power with the 
prescbera. Although the separation was complete, the contention 
connected with it continued, each party asserting that it followed 
in the steps of Wesley, and adhered to the original principles of 
Methodism. Numerous addresses were delivered and pamphlets 
issued, with regard to this contiovoray, into the details of which it 
18 unnecessary to enter. 

A final and fruitless efibrt was also made in 1820 to unite once 
more the two bodies. Joseph Butterworth, Esq., visited Ireland 
expressly for this purpose, and, having stated his object to the 
Bev. Adam Averell, was told that it was impossible, as on the one 
side the measure which occasioned the division would not be 
relinquished, and on the other there was not less determination 
to abide by what were considered the principles of original 
Hetfaodinn. Mr. Butterworth then suggested a middle course, 
obeening that if the administration of the oidiiia.'uc«a ti«m 



2 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

restricted to the circuits to which they had been already granted, 
and that there should be no extension of the grant to other 
circuits, it ought to meet the views of all parties. Mr. Averell 
replied that this proposal would not be agreeable to either party, 
and that even if both sides were disposed to agree to its adoption, 
it was objectionable; for preachers who were favourable to the 
measure, and had administered the sacraments, when appointed to 
circuits to which this privilege had not been granted, would agitate 
the question, and there would be no end of disputation.* Thus 
the attempt to eflfect a union had to be abandoned for about half 
a century. 

Turning our attention, however, to the important work, which 
aimed more directly at the spread of Scriptural holiness through 
the land, we find it in active operation and crowned with abundant 
blessing. Towards the end of 1819, and the beginning of 1820, 
through the Divine blessing on the labours of the Primitive 
Wesleyan preachers, a gracious awakening took place in the 
county of Mayo, during which many were brought to the know- 
ledge of Christ, and several new preaching places obtained. One 
of the latter was at Knappagh, where a class of fifteen or twenty 
members was formed; and another was at Westport, where a 
school house was granted for the services. On Mr. Joseph 
M'Cormick's first visit to this town, he called to see a Mrs. 
Larminie, who had joined the Society, and on her son, Samuel, 
learning that a service was about to be held, he said to the 
preacher, " You must not go alone, or certainly your brains will 
be dashed out; but I know all the parties, and will accompany 
you." The only annoyance received proved to be from a few 
volleys of stones, which did not do much harm. But under the 
sermon preached that night Samuel was convinced of sin, and 
within a fortnight enabled to rejoice in the Lord his Saviour. 
Soon the young convert was appointed to meet the class at 
Knappagh, and thus commenced a career of great and extensive 
usefulness, t 

The first Sunday school in Wexford was commenced in 1818, 
in the Mayor's court, or court of conscience, in Bull ring, and 
amongst the scholars was Robert Jacob Meyer, then a lad eight 

• " Memoir of A. Averell," p. 379. 
/ JPrimitice Waleyan Methodist Mof/azinef 1S64, p. 25« 



CHAPTER I. — 1820. 3 

years old.* It was, however, but an experiment, and showed the 
willingness of parents to send their children for religious instruc- 
tion on the Lord's day. On the erection of premises, therefore, in 
AUen street, for parochial day schools, the Sabbath school was 
removed thither. The Methodists were now roused to action, and 
soon had a large and prosperous school, in their chapel. Much of 
this success was no doubt owing to the efficiency and zeal of the 
superintendent, Mr. Moses Rowe.f 

On the Newtownbarry mission Charles Graham reports fresh 
trophies won from Popery for Christ, as well as the stability of 
previous converts. One was almost persuaded to publicly renounce 
Bomanism, a second to escape persecution prepared to leave for 
America, a third was repudiated by the priest, and a fourth 
adorned the doctrine of the Lord his Saviour. Not only was the 
devoted missionary cheered by thus seeing fruit to his own 
labours, but also by the manifest blessing attending the eflforts of 
John Feely and a young man from Mountrath, named William 
Guard, who was on the list of reserve. The former writes that 
when in Athy they met two Roman Catholic young men who 
inquired the way to Zion ; one determined never again to go to 
mass, and the other had all his doubts removed and was enabled 
to rejoice in the God of his salvation.t 

Gideon Ouseley, who had been appointed a general missionary, 
continued his earnest and self-denying labours notwithstanding 
numerous and severe hardships. In a tour of fifty-two days 
through Munster, Connaught, and Ulster, he travelled eight 
hundred miles. On one occasion, in the county of Limerick, 
having taken his stand near a butcher*s st^ll, the stones began to 
fly, and some of them struck the servant of God, cutting him 
severely, and compelling him to retire to the house where he 
lodged. Having washed oflF the blood, he returned to the same 
place and resumed the service, but only to meet with a similar 
reception. The ringleader of the rioters then exclaimed, " Let 
us not kill him," and seizing a pig, held it by the tail, while its 
screams were so loud as to drown the voice of the preacher. At 
length the poor animal became exhausted ; then Ouseley began 

* Son of Mr. Radolphus Meyer, tide ii., p. 233, 

f Unpablishod autobiographical sketch of Bev. B, J. Meyer« 

X The Apoetie oi Kerry, pp. 203-10. 



4 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

again, and, suddenly stopping, called the butcher to him and said, 
" My good man, the Lord will extort a cry from you as loud as 
that of the pig." In a few minutes the man fell to the ground, 
and uttered a most unearthly scream, which continued for a con- 
siderable time. All present thought he was possessed with an evil 
spirit, and several strove to raise him, but could not. The priest 
was then sent for, and whip in hand, laid on with all his might, 
but to no purpose. The wretched man continued to roar aloud 
until exhausted, and was then dragged into his own house. None 
afterwards would venture to go near him or purchase at his stall, 
so he had to remove to another part of the country, where both 
he himself and his family became Protestants.* 

It was probably during one of these tours of the devoted 
evangelist that the following scene occurred : — " Let me picture 
him in the streets of Kilrush," says the Rev. William Gorman, 
" with my uncle's head for an improvised reading desk, and his 
body a shield against possible stones ; see him next day taken 
across the lordly Shannon, seven miles to Tarbert, in the same 
friend's boat, and when the keel touches the beach leaping out, 
ialling on his knees on the shingle, and saying, ' I take Tarbert 
in the name of the Lord Jesus.' And then, singing a hymn, he 
marches towards the town, and some of the Enniskillen dragoons, 
stationed in the fort, come out at the sound of the song, and 
escort him to the spot where he speaks as he loved to do of ' the 
disease and the cure.' " 

One evening in March, a little before sunset, Ouseley arrived 
at BallyjamesduflF, took his stand in the street and began to preach. 
Soon almost all the inhabitants of the town surrounded him, he 
continued his discourse for some time, and many Romanists, taking 
advantage of the shades of evening, came to hear, and listened with 
devout attention. He then published for a service in the chapel, 
to which numbers of the Catholics requested to be admitted, and 
the Lord was present in blessing. Ouseley says, " It was a most 
delightful and solemn season. Surely the Master of assemblies 
was there to melt down obdurate hearts, as was evident from the 
copious tears which silently flowed from many eyes." 

On one occasion this devoted missionary preached in the market 



* Arthur's ** Life of Ouseley/' p. 233. 



CHAPTER 1. — 1820. 5 

of Lnrgan to a great multitade of both Protestants and Roman 
Catholics, who seemed " as if they were fastened to the ground, 
and, being bathed in tears, sobbed and cried and prayed together, 
as of one heart and soul." Ouseley, however, did not soon get 
over the eflfects of a cold caught in connection with this service, 
and was therefore obliged to retire to the sea shore to try bathing 
as a means of regaining health. Dunleary was chosen as the place 
of his temporary retreat ; but even here, when rest was of great 
importance, he could not remain without doing something for 
his Master. He preached four times each week, witnessed some 
signal conversions, and formed a class of fourteen members, whom 
he committed to the care of the superintendent of the Dublin 
circuit. Resuming his general labours, he preached in Irish in 
the open air at Trim, to people who appeared electrified, and 
again in the court house, where many Romanists and almost all 
the Protestant inhabitants assembled to hear. Continuing his 
earnest efforts through the country, he had the satisfaction of 
seeing many sinners awakened and brought to a knowledge of 
the Saviour. "Thank God," he writes, "there is a good work 
going on in several parts, in spite of every opposition, in our 
bigoted and benighted land."* 

At this period a Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association 
was formed in the metropolis, and among its leading members 
were Claudius Byrne, who subsequently entered the itinerancy, 
and Abraham Mason. The meetings were held weekly, in White- 
friar street chapel, and proved a means of much advantage. 

One of the Methodists in the city was a citizen named 
Richard Haughton, who had been eleven years a member of the 
Society. He was poor in this world's goods, but rich in faith and 
the honoured instrument of leading many to Christ. Once, on 
inviting to the class in which he met a number of boys, the 
youngest, an orphan lad of ten years of age, was much impressed 
with the kindness of the good man, accepted the invitation, and 
thus received his first religious impressions. That youth was 
Samuel M'Comas,t who for many years subsequently occupied a 

• BeiUj's " Memorial," pp. 237-39. 

t A ton of Mr. Thomas M'Comas, a native of Drumsna, who was for several 
years a devoted and usefal leader in Dublin. He was a faithful visitor of the sick, 
eapecially those in the Lock and other hospitals, and died in peace about the 
jear 1811. 



6 HISTOBY OP MBTHODISM. 

prominent position in the Dublin Society. Richard was a fine 
specimen of an old Methodist, humble, simple-minded, and very 
zealous, with high moral principle, albeit he was a little peculiar. 
As long as he was able to ascend the stairs he attended class, and 
always carried an old umbrella, which in the narrative of his 
religious experience he would strike on the floor, exclaiming, 
" Firm footing. Christ is precious," and then repeat the verse of 
the hymn beginning, " Now I have found the ground wherein." 
One morning when his leader said, " Richard, how does your soul 
prosper ? " he replied, " A hard week. I have been like a man 
rowing a boat against the stream ; had I not been able, by God's 
help, to use both hands and two oars, I would have been carried 
back instead of forward." He greatly loved the ministers and 
the ministry of the Word, and generally would say of the last 
sermon he heard it was the best. He appeared to go to the house 
of God with a good spiritual appetite, and never went away 
disappointed. Having a great dislike to evil speaking, on one 
occasion he was much grieved by a person who made certain 
charges against a professing Christian, and said somewhat sharply, 
" Have you nothing good to tell me ? Why, that poor fellow is 
only going to school, and when he has finished his education as a 
Christian he will make none of these mistakes." Haughton was 
also a most liberal man, often in cases of distress giving away 
his last shilling.* 

Mr. George Burrows was stationed on the Irvinestown circuit, 
and on applying for a subscription to Captain John Irvine, who 
then resided at Gublusk, and had been high sheriff" of Fermanagh 
in the previous year, he not only complied with the request, but 
also invited the itinerant to return and preach in an adjoining 
school house. This led to the formation of a society here, of which 
Captain Irvine was a member, and in all the concerns of which he 
took a lively interest. About twelve years afterwards he erected 
at Rockfield a neat Wesleyan chapel, which continued to be used 
by the Society until after his death, when it was taken out of their 
hands, as unfortunately no lease had been made or was forthcoming. 

In Belfast the Primitive Wesleyans held their services in a 
large room, part of the premises of Mr. William Campbell, until 

* Irish EcangelUt, 18C0, pp. 79, 80. 



CHAPTER I. — 1820. 7 

they succeeded in erecting a preaching house in Academy street, 
which was opened this year by the Rev. Adam Averell. This was 
the fourth Methodist chapel built in this town. 

A Sunday school was established on April 30th, in Donegal 
square chapel. It met from seven till nine in the morning, and 
from three till five in the afternoon. The superintendent was 
Mr. Samuel Tucker,* and the secretary Mr. Alexander Moncrief. 
There were seventy-four children present on the first morning, 
and one hundred and forty-two in the afternoon. In four weeks 
the numbers rose to four hundred. 

Daniel Macafee, to whom reference has been made, resided in 
the neighbourhood of Belfast. Two years previously he had pub- 
lished " An Essay on the Primeval State and Fall of Man ; " and 
now he brought out " A Rational and Scriptural Investigation of 
the Doctrines of Original Sin, Absolute Predestination, and the 
Foreknowledge of God," being a series of letters addressed to the 
Rev. John Paul,t in reply to a portion of his " Defence of Creeds 
and Confessions." These writings of Macafee display not only 
his thorough mastery of the Calvinistic controversy, but also those 
keen and vigorous mental powers for which as an expounder and 
defender of Divine truth he subsequently became so remarkable. 

At Dromore, John Ross, deeply impressed with the needs be 
for more suitable premises for the worship of God, had set to work, 
secured a site, collected subscriptions, and at length, on the 
quarterly love feast day of September, 1815, had the satisfaction 
of seeing the chapel opened for Divine worship. Although the 
collection was only £1 lis. 6c2., the congregation was so large that 
many could not get admission. The building was a plain struc- 
ture, with forms and a desk ; and when funds were forthcoming 
pews and a pulpit were added. The Rev. William Kidd preached 
the re-opening sermon, having selected for his text, " And Ezra 
the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for 
the purpose." 

The Society soon received valuable additions to its member- 
ship, including William and Richard Derry, who proved pious and 
useful leaders; John Saul, who entered the itinerancy in 1826, 
and continued to labour actively and faithfully for forty-two years ; 

* A grandson of William Tucker, one of the early Methodist itinerants. 
t A minister of the Reformed Presbyterian Ghoicb. , 



8 HISTORT OF METHODISM. 

Robert Frazer, previously a Unitarian, but subsequently for many 
years an able local preacher and a liberal supporter of Methodism ; 
Henry Price, who entered the ministry in 1823, a man of clear 
and powerful intellect, transparent sincerity, deep humility, and 
lofty piety ; George Jamison, who had been a Presbyterian, and 
who, shortly after the conversion of his wife, sought and found the 
blessing of pardon, and for nearly forty years was an exemplary 
Christian and useful leader ; Thomas Stevenson, " an Israelite 
indeed," who for more than twenty years with fidelity and accept- 
ance sustained the oflSces of leader and local preacher; Robert 
Hill Lindsay, of Ashfield, who entered the itinerancy in 1827, and 
laboured with acceptance and success for thirty-six years; and 
Samuel Cowdy, who began to travel in 1832, and for more than 
five-and-twenty years preached the Gospel with soul-converting 
power in several of the most laborious stations in Ireland. 

One Sunday Mr. Ross preached a sermon to females, and 
amongst those present was Esther Craig,* of Ballynaris, who up 
to that day had been a mere formalist, but was then awakened to 
a sense of her true condition, and led to seek the Lord until 
she found Him. She had been very fond of dress, but on her 
conversion laid aside all her ornaments, and became exceedingly 
plain in her attire.' However, one day Mr. Ross met her, and 
said, '^ Now, Esther, take care lest there be as much pride under 
your ribbonless bonnet as under many a one adorned with ribbons." 
This proved " a word in season," revealing to the young convert 
what might otherwise have greatly hindered her growth in grace 
and influence for good. On becoming a Methodist all her friends, 
except one aunt, disowned her, but such was her consistent Chris- 
tian conduct that in time not only did all this bitterness and 
bigotry cease, but she was regarded with the greatest respect by 
those who had despised and persecuted her. 

At this time there were in the district of country west of 
Armagh but three families that received the Wesleyan ministers : 
George Beaumont, of Benburb ; John Armstrong, of Killymaddy ; 
and Robert 01iver,t of Mullantur. George Beaumont was fami- 
liarly known as "the Bishop," a blunt, outspoken, godly, and 
faithful leader, who was spared long to welcome the preachers to 

* Bubseqaently married to Robert Oliver of Mullantur. 
tiFather of Bev. James OllTer. 



* CHAPTER I. — 1820. 9 

his dweUing and to work for Christ. John Armstrong was a most 
original, pious, and consistent brother. One day as he drove into 
Armagh market another Methodist who was with him said, ^^ Since 
I got converted, I often wondered that when I was going headlong 
to the devil you did not take hold of me, and arrest me in my 
mad career." " Well, brother," replied Armstrong, " I know I 
have been very unfaithful, but it's not easy to plough in frost." 
On another occasion, at class meeting, in narrating his experience 
he said, " I have had many ups and downs since my conversion, 
but, thank God, I have had no outs and ins." He passed to the 
home above about twelve or fifteen years ago. 

Mr. Lanktree, who was on the Ards mission, says that he and 
his colleague, Bobert Wilson, had *' a good and happy year." It 
pleased G-od not only to give them seals to their ministry, but so 
to confirm and establish those who had believed that societies 
were properly organized, and arrangements made for the forma- 
tion of a new circuit, of which Donaghadee was the head. It 
having been stated that Grey Abbey was a very wicked place, and 
that many of the inhabitants were infidels, Mr. Lanktree resolved 
to preach there, even if it should be at the peril of life. Large 
congregations assembled, and no apparent opposition was raised ; 
but owing to the want of suitable accommodation, the services had 
to be abandoned.* 

The Rev. Jonathan Crowther, the President of the Conference, 
the Rev. Joseph Benson, and the Rev. James Wood were ap- 
pointed to visit Ireland. Mr. Benson, however, being prevented 
from coming to this country, by affliction, his place was supplied 
by the Rev. William Myles; and these honoured ministers 
arrived in the kingdom some time before the opening of Con- 
ference. Mr. Wood visited a few societies in the north, and Mr. 
Myles some in the south, while the President continued to labour 
in the metropolis. The ministrations of these brethren proved 
highly acceptable, leaving " a pleasing remembrance of their 
wisdom, piety, and usefulness." 

The Wesleyan Conference met on July 7th, with the Rev. 
Jonathan Crowther in the chair. Thomas Ballard, who had supplied 
the place of William Wilson on the Tanderagee circuit, was 

« Unktree'a ''ifamtiFe/' pp. 309, 310. 



10 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

received as having travelled twelve months.* Four deaths were 
reported : William Wilson, who had faithfully laboured for six 
years in the West Indies and Bermuda, and then with a shattered 
constitution returned home to die ; John Bredin, a veteran of the 
cross ; Samuel Alcorn, whose end was peace ; and John Price, who 
sixteen years previously had become a supernumerary, but in old 
age and feebleness evinced all the burning zeal of his earlier 
years, labouring to his utmost to spread the knowledge of that 
Saviour whom he loved and whom it was his delight to serve. 
The day before he died he walked with the pains of death upon 
him five miles, to his appointment at Enniskeen. When the 
congregation assembled he requested that they would come into 
the room in which he lay, raised himself in bed, prayed with great 
fervour, shook hands with each person present, lay down, and 
spoke no more until he joined the redeemed in heaven. Such 
was the esteem in which he was held by even the Roman Catholics 
that several of them attended his funeral, and requested permis- 
sion to assist in carrying " the good man," as they called him, to 
his grave. 

Robert Smith, who had travelled thirty-two years, withdrew 
from the Connexion, and subsequently received an appointment 
from the Primitive Wesleyan Conference. As, however, his with- 
drawal did not take place until four years after the division, 
it is probable that there were other reasons for the step 
than dissatisfaction with the decision on the questions of the 
ordinances. 

In regard to the condition of the country, it is said, in the 
Address to the British Conference, "The state of Ireland at 
present is deplorable. The decline of commerce, depression of 
trade, want of employment, and latterly the sudden failure of 
almost all the banks through our southern districts have reduced 
the country to a condition of almost unparalleled distress. Our 
dear people, in common with others, have felt the pressure, in 
consequence of which our financial concerns are more than usually 
depressed." To meet the deficiency thus referred to, amounting 
to £1,860, the preachers subscribed £1,046; and as upwards of 
£800 was still required, it was resolved that a collection should 

* Mr. Ballard had also in 1817 supplied the place of Mr. Michael Murphy on the 
Ac^luim circuit, and in 1818 the place of Mr. bterling in Tuilamore. 



CHAPTER I. — 1820. 11 

be made in all the circuits, equal to tenpence per member. 
The spiritual state of the kingdom, however, was more cheering. 
" Through the year," it is said, " we have witnessed a blessed work, 
insomuch that notwithstanding the disappointment of our hopes 
in Bome instances, combined with the depopulating influence of 
disease and emigration among our people, we have added, upon 
the whole, upwards of twelve hundred members ; and when we 
consider the grace of God which has been manifested in this 
accession to our societies we cannot but rejoice therein, as a 
special token of the Divine favour." 

The Conference approved and recommended to the people the 
plan proposed by the Dungannon Committee for establishing a 
Building and Chapel Fund, in order to the relief of chapels and 
dwelling-houses then in embarrassed circumstances, and to assist 
in the erection of others. The plan here referred to provided, 
amongst other things, that a committee should be appointed 
" composed of ten preachers to be chosen by the Conference, and 
of ten brethren, not being travelling preachers, who should be 
chosen by their respective districts," out of persons nominated 
for that purpose by the circuit quarterly meetings in March. 
This marks an important stage in the development of Methodist 
organization, as thus the right was given, for the first time, to 
quarterly meetings to nominate, and to district meetings to elect, 
lay representatives as members of a Connexional Committee. 

Leave having been given for the erection of a new chapel 
in Dublin, and Messrs. Mayne and Mackey deputed " to collect 
through the kingdom" the necessary funds, John Summerfield 
and John Holmes were taken from the list of reserve to supply 
their places in the metropolis. An address was also issued to the 
"Members and Friends of the Methodist Society in Ireland," 
gratefully acknowledging the spiritual prosperity vouchsafed, 
calling attention to the serious financial diflSculties encountered, 
and earnestly pleading for assistance. 

The Primitive Wesley an Conference met on July 12th. John 
Stephenson, of the Castlebar circuit, and William K. Digby, of 
Athlone, were received on trial ; but the latter, on account of ill 
health, was unable to take his appointment, and in a few months 
entered into the more immediate presence of his Lord. It was 
rep(»rted that there was an increase of six hundred aixd \i^^u\>^-o'q^^ 



::^^:^V^Z. 



12* HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

in the number of members, that the ministry of the preachers was 
regularly attended by overflowing congregations of persons of 
various religious persuasions, and that there was among Pro- 
testants in general a growing interest in the cause, while several 
new preaching houses had been erected, and the state of the 
funds presented " a truly pleasing aspect." 

John Armstrong was appointed with John Nelson to the 
Armagh circuit, and gives a racy and characteristic description 
of his reception at the first of his country stopping places. On 
knocking, the door was opened by a plain but neatly dressed old 
woman, who had entertained the preachers for half a century, 
and now inquired of the stranger who he was. " I am the new 
preacher, ma'am," said Mr. Armstrong-; " have you any dinner 
for me ? " "I had some two hours ago," she replied ; " but it is 
spoiled waiting for you ; and now, young man, let me give you 
some advice. When you go to an appointment always go in time, 
and don't keep the people waiting for you." " Thank you, ma'am," 
said the youthful itinerant. " When you have finished your 
dinner," the matron went on to say, " go out, visit the neighbours, 
and gather a good congregation for the evening." " Thank you, 
ma'am," again replied the preacher ; " is that all ? " " No ; after 
preaching go early to bed, and then you can rise early ; for it is a 
shame for a preacher to be lat« in the morning, keeping from their 
work people who can do nothing until he is gone." " Thank you, 
ma'am ; anything else ? " " Yes ; when there are children in the 
house be kind to them and teach them verses of the Bible and 
hymns ; get them to love you, and then you will do them good." 
" Thank you, ma'am ; what more ? " " When that is done leave 
the house, that you may be in good time for your next appoint- 
ment." The young preacher again gratefully acknowledged the 
interest thus manifested in his success, and in subsequently nar- 
rating the incident would add that he had been profited all 
through life by the sound and homely advice thus given. 

At Comber the congregations had become so large as to require 
the erection of a chapeL The grant of a suitable site was there- 
fore secured from the Marquis of Londonderry, the permission of 
Conference obtained, and valuable help given by the local clergy 
and laity of different denominations. In Bangor also appearances 
mare bo promising that, being deprived of the rented place in 



CHAPTEB I.— 1820. 1» 

which the services had been held, it was proposed to build a 
house. This project was greatly encouraged by Mr. John Johnston, 
of Lurgan, who with his family lodged there. Although Colonel 
Ward, the lord of the soil, having no sympathy with Methodism, 
would render no assistance, an eligible site was purchased. The 
congregations in the town were good, and were assisted by 
members of the New Connexion Society, who subscribed liberally 
to the new project.* 

The Wesleyan Society in Athlone had been very prosperous 
until rent and torn by the division, so that only one old man and 
a few soldiers were left. The preachers, however, continued to 
visit the town occasionally, and a friend who lived about three 
miles distant received them into his house. This year, however, 
a discharged soldier who was a Methodist, having obtained a situa- 
tion in the garrison, invited the servants of God to stop with him, 
and the cause began to revive again. f 

Leave of Conference having been obtained, a new preaching 
house was erected in Eoscomraon. Thirteen years previously Mr. 
Michael Shera X had settled in the town, and at once invited the 
preachers to his house, where services were regularly held once 
each fortnight until now, when the present chapel was erected, 
chiefly through the Divine blessing on the labours and liberality 
of this devoted Methodist. § 

Mr. Summerfield's ministry in Dublin was wonderfully owned 
of God, especially to a number of young men, between whom and 
the youthful preacher a friendship sprang up which was influential 
for good on their character, and the memory of which was very 
precious. Mr. William H. Baskin was one of this noble band, 
probably the last survivor of them, and to his latest hour the 
recollection of some of the marvellously beautiful sermons de- 
livered more than half a century previously was as fresh as if only 
heard the day before. At the British Conference held at Liver- 
pool, Mr. Summerfield met the Rev. John Emory, and this inter- 
view, together with the state of his health, led him to resolve to 
go to America, where he arrived early in 1821. His reputation 

• Lanktree's "Nftrrative," pp. 309-12. 

f Unpubliuhed Joomal of the Rev. G. Burrows. 

X A 8on of Mr. Caleb Shera, of the county of Leitriia, 

I Irish Chriitian Advocate, 1881, p. 277. 



14 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

there was soon made. Charmed, thrilled, subdued, and carried 
away under the overpowering influence of his seraphic eloquence, 
many said, " He is an angel ; " and others, " He talks like an angel 
direct from heaven ; " but his course was very brief. On June 13th, 
1825, while the dew of youth was still upon him, the end came. 
One of his sisters was with him, impressed on his pale, wasted 
cheek the last kiss, and said " Good night." " Good night," 
replied Summerfield, quietly went asleep, and awoke in heaven. 

Mr. Thomas Waugh was now in Bandon, where he soon became 
exceedingly popular and the work greatly prospered. Amongst 
those converted to God and added to the Society were Messrs. 
Thomas Beamish, who subsequently entered the itinerancy, Henry 
Belcher, afterwards stepson-in-law of Mr. Waugh, Robert Edwards, 
William Kingston, and Henry Cornwall, for many years leading 
oflSce bearers on the circuit and large contributors to its funds. 
The circumstances which led to the conversion of the last-men- 
tioned are worthy of notice. There was a most devoted young 
lady. Miss Biggs, a Methodist, who gave very generously to the 
poor and was greatly respected in the town. One Sunday evening 
she put her hand on the shoulder of Mr. Cornwall, then a gay and 
thoughtless youth, and said to him, " Harry, come with me." He 
consented, and thus for the first time entered a Wesleyan chapel. 
During the following week, Miss Biggs, through visiting some 
poor people ill with fever, caught the infection and died. This 
so deeply impressed the mind of Mr. Cornwall that he resolved 
to abandon his former worldly course, join the Society, and give 
his heart to God, which proved the commencement of a career of 
protracted and extensive usefulness. 

Mr, Waugh's great readiness and power in debate stood well 
to him at a public meeting held towards the close of the year, in 
the Court house, Bandon, for the purpose of establishing a branch 
of the Bible Society, and during the course of which the project 
was opposed by two able speakers, one a priest, and the other a 
classical teacher. Francis, first Earl of Bandon — son of the Mr. 
Bernard mentioned by Mr. Wesley on his visit to the town in 
1787 — was in the chair ; and the speakers in favour of the Society 
were the Rev. Joseph Jervois, Rector of Ballymodan, and his 
curate, the Rev. Henry E. Sadlier. Neither of these ministers 
was remarkable fox either religious zeal or platform ability, so 



CHAPTER I. — 1820. 15 

they were easily overcome. Then, amid a scene of wild disorder 
and confusion, Mr. Waugh sought and obtained permission to 
speak, and in a masterly address exposed the sophisms of the 
opponents of the Bible so completely that the priest and his 
helper fled. When Mr. Waugh concluded there was tremendous 
applause ; many, including the noble chairman, rose to their feet, 
and waved their hats and handkerchiefs with the greatest enthu- 
siasm. At the close of the meeting the Earl of Bandon, as an 
expression of his respect, ofiered to obtain for the champion of the 
truth the commission of the peace ; but on ascertaining that such 
an honour would not be in harmony with the position of the 
preacher, and that he was raising money for the erection of a new 
chapel, his lordship sent a subscription of £30 for himself, and £5 
each for his son and two daughters. Thenceforward Mr. Waugh 
was reg^ed with special favour at Castle Bernard.* 

During Mr. Waugh's superintendence of the circuit, William 
Welply,t of Bengour* was united in marriage to Martha Orr, of 
Inishannon, a union that proved the means of much and lasting 
good. Mrs. Welply at once took a decided stand for Christ and 
His cause, and in conjunction with her husband's aunt, Mrs. 
Hosford,} familiarly called Aunt Pattie, a very devoted woman, 
laboured earnestly and successfully to extend the Redeemer's 
kingdom. She was soon appointed to the charge of a class, and in 
it, her large household, and her extensive social circle exerted a 
powerful, life-long, and salutary influence, which may be traced 
to the present day. 

• Iriih Chrigtian Advocate^ 1883, p. 579. 

f Youngest son of John Welply, vide i., p. 368, 

X Wife of Benjamin Hosford, ibid^ 



CHAPTEE II. 
1821. 

At the period now before us not only were strenuous efforts made 
to pass the Catholic Emancipation Act, but increased vigilance 
was observed by the priests to prevent their people forsaking the 
Church of Rome. Thus on January 21st, 1821, Mr. Graham wrote 
from Newtownbarry, " I find we have no other way of getting at 
Soman Catholics but by preaching in fairs and markets. They 
are watched very closely by their clergy, who leave nothing 
undone in order to keep them from hearing us. They even 
prevent servants from going to live in Protestant houses, especially 
where we lodge. But in the markets we have a full hearing. 
The work of the Lord is prospering in convincing, converting, 
and sanctifying power. I cannot but admire the fortitude of the 
converts from Rome. Two of them went lately to warn their 
friends ; the mother of one of them struck her with the tongs 
and blackened her arm, and the other was near being murdered, 
but escaped with life." Again, on March 24th, the same devoted 
missionary writes, " I am still preaching to the Romanists, and, 
notwithstanding all the prohibitions of their clergy, have a hearing. 
Tis of the Lord I am left so long in this country. Before I leave, 
it would appear the Lord will raise up young men who will more 
than fill my place. Two of these took their station by my side on 
the last market-day of Gorey. It appeared formidable to see three 
men set in battle array, preparing to open a battery on the 
ramparts of Babylon ; and it was a glorious time. Many rejoiced 
to see it. After we had done speaking, a Catholic came to one 
of the young men and said, 'I have heard the truth, and will 
embrace it.' We shall soon have him amongst our people." 

A commendable but fruitless effort was made by the Rev. 

Matthew Lanktree to effect a union of the New Connexion and 

the Wealeyan Methodists. On April 3rd he wrote to the Con- 



CHAPTBR II. — 1821. 17 

ference of the former, saying that in consequence of the good 
feeling which had for some time been manifested between the two 
Societies in this country, he had been induced to request some of 
the principal members of each to meet, which they did in Bangor, 
on March 19th, and unanimously resolved, "That the brethren 
of the New Connexion be requested, at their next yearly meeting, 
to deliberate on the importance of a reunion of both Connexions, 
according to such principles as the wisdom of united counsels 
should decide to be most honourable to the Christian cause and 
the lasting unity, edification, and increase of both the Societies." 
In accordance with this resolution, Mr. lianktree earnestly and 
respectfully urged the Conference to give a favourable considera- 
tion to the subject, which led to a meeting of deputies of each 
body on May 20th. As, however, the New Connexion brethren 
insisted on the admission of the laity into Conference, as an indis- 
pensable condition of union, and the Wesleyans were not prepared 
to concede this, the negotiations led to no practical result. 

An interesting picture is presented of the state of the New 
Connexion in Bangor. There were two morning classes, two 
preaching services, and a school each Sabbath. The chapel had 
an uncoiled roof and earthen floor, with neither fireplace nor 
stove, yet it was usually well attended in the morning, and 
crowded in the evening. In summer there was out-door preaching, 
— now on the Kinnegar, the favourite promenade of visitors, again 
on the quay, the loitering-place of seamen, and then on the hill, 
the dwelling-place of the fishermen. Amongst the active and 
useful members of the Society was the only son of the Rev. John 
M'Clure, William, who had been convinced of sin about two years 
previously, and taking his Bible, had retired to the sea-shore, 
where, amongst the grey old rocks, he had wrestled in prayer until 
he obtained the knowledge of salvation by the remission of sins — 
a blessing which he never lost. 

Another of this devoted band was a joiner named Bob Neill. 
Naturally shrewd and observant, he was well acquainted with the 
Word of God, and could use it with telling effect, in either " wound- 
ing the heart of the King's enemies" or in strengthening the 
feeble-minded. Few scofiers would venture within the range of 
his artillery, and if they did they were sure to go limping aAl t\i^ 
rest of their life. One day, on William M'Cluxe caWmg to >aaN^ %» 
VOL. m. \ 



18 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

chat with this remarkable man, he heard very earnest talking. 
Pausing a moment, lest he should disturb the speaker, and looking 
in, he could see no second party, and heard the words, '^ You are 
a liar ! " uttered with startling force. Before he had time to ask 
any question. Bob stamped his foot on the ground, and again 
vehemently exclaimed, "You are a liar! ye'll get nae ither 
answer frae me to the day o' my death." On the visitor inquir- 
ing to whom Neill had been speaking, he replied, " To the old 
leeing devil, to be sure. His impudence is awfu' ; he has just now 
been whispering into my ear, ' Bob, you are deceivin' yoursel', — yes, 
and ither folk as weel ; your heart, mun, was never changed by the 
grace of God ; it's a wind ; yir auld heart is tilling ye a pack o' 
stuff about regeneration ; why, you are just the same mun ye iver 
war, only you can manage to skin things over and mak' them look 
nice.' " Then, with a look of triumphant indignation, he continued, 
" The black auld beast has telt me that same story a thousand 
times before — ay, an' troubled me often and sair in this very 
thing. At first I used to reason wi' him ; but I'm wiser noo, for 
the devil stops at naething if ye only just let him talk wi' ye ; 
but nae mun should ever attempt to reason wi' the fether o' a' 
lies; for what can onybody mak' o' a liar? So for years past, 
whenever he speaks to me, I at once make him to understand 
that I ken wha's there ; and as soon as he sees he's found out he's 
aff like an ill-meanin' beast wi' his tail amang his feet." * 

About twenty years previous to this, Mr. Joseph Morrison had 
preached at Ballyboley, near Ballyclare, where a Mrs. Grawn had 
received him into her house, and was herself led to the Saviour, 
but seems in some measure to have returned again to the world, 
so that no footing was obtained by Methodism in the townland. 
Now, however, on being visited by a distant relative, who was 
converted, he was asked to hold a prayer-meeting, and the Spirit 
so applied the word spoken at this service that several were con- 
vinced of sin, formed into a class, and subsequently realized peace 
in believing. The leader was a grand old Christian, named 
Joseph Simpson, who came every Sunday morning for the 
purpose, from White Park, a mile and a half distant. One of his 
reports to the quarterly meeting was, " Sixteen members, sixteen 
believers, and sixteen shillings." Many petty persecutions and 

* Memoir ot the Eev. W. M*Clure, pp. 82—48. 



. CHAPTER II. — 1821. 19 

annoyances were goffered, as was usual in such cases; but the 
members by their consistent conduct eventually disarmed hostility 
and prejudice. The good woman who had been the instrument of 
introducing Methodism into this locality had the unspeakable joy 
of seeing nearly all her family brought under the saving power of 
Divine grace, while the class formed in her house has stood the 
wear and tear of more than half a century. One of the first 
members was John Elliott, long known as a most devoted and 
successful leader in connection with Frederick Street Chapel, 
Belfast. A considerable number also of the members emigrated 
to America, where they have swelled the ranks of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church.* 

At Ballycor, in the same parish, a Mr. Love entertained the 
preachers, and fitted up a house for a preaching-place and Sunday- 
school. Mr. Edward Tucker, of Belfest, having been invited to 
conduct a service here on a Christmas Day, consented, and 
preached firom Proverbs xi. 30. Amongst those present was a 
young man, named James Biddle, a Covenanter, who thought as 
it was not a Sunday, he might gratify his curiosity to hear an un- 
ordained preacher, without committing a sin, and thus was led to 
hear the Gospel, which proved the power of Grod to his salvation. 
He joined the Society, and in 1827 emigrated to America, where 
he not only entered on a very successful business career, but as 
an eminent local preacher and generous supporter of the cause 
proved the instrument of most extensive and lasting good. He 
was one of the founders of the National Local Preachers' Associa- 
tion, and in 1864 its president. After the death of Mr. Love, 
his heir took the house at Ballycor from the Society; and the 
superintendent of the Sunday-school, a poor man, named Conway 
M^Analy, having received employment in connection with the 
bleach-works at Ballyclare, opened there another Sunday-school, 
in a private school-house in a small entry, that the Methodists 
were permitted to use for religious services. 

The following incident presents a striking resemblance to an 
adventure of one of the early preachers, already narrated : One 
evening Mr. Waugh set out for his appointment, and the 
country being much disturbed, a friend asked him where he was 
going. He replied, " To Dunmanway." The other shrugged hia 

* Irish MangelUt, 1861, p. 178. 



( 



20 HISTORT OF METHODISM. 

shoulders and said, " I would rather you should go that journey 
than I, this evening ; " but the preacher was not the man to be 
easily intimidated or diverted from his purpose, and therefore 
proceeded. After some time he observed a set of fellows, who 
appeared intent on mischief ; and one of them shouted, " Who are 
you ? " " What business is that of yours ? " answered Mr. Waugh, 
and rode on at full speed, followed by a bludgeon, which grazed 
the side of his head. Quickly alighting, he seized the weapon, 
and in a moment regained the saddle; at which a shout was 
raised, accompanied by a volley of stones, one of which struck 
him, and knocked the stick out of his hand, while a number of 
the ruffians, availing themselves of a turn in the road, crossed by 
a shorter path, and thus got in front of him. Now, thought the 
itinerant, they will do for me ; yet putting on a bold front, and 
thrusting his hand into his breast, he said, " The first man of you 
that lifts his hand I will have his life." They then at once 
opened a way for him, and he dashing on, amidst yells and stones, 
made his escape and reached his destination in safety.* 

A movement was started to erect a new chapel in Bandon. 
The one in North Main street had been in use for more than 
thirty years ; and owing to the success of the Society, it was found 
necessary to secure a larger and more suitable building. An 
excellent site was obtained from the Duke of Devonshire, a sub- 
scription-list opened, and on April 12th the foundation laid in 
the presence of a vast concourse of people. The honour of laying 
the stone was conferred on Mr. Waugh ; and as soon as that part 
of the ceremony was over, the Rev. Samuel Wood preached an 
eloquent and powerful sermon.f 

Meanwhile another and still larger chapel was erected. This 
was in Abbey street, Dublin, and is said to have originated in a 
sermon preached by Summerfield in \Miitefriar street, after which 
several hundred pounds were subscribed. When this building 
was roofed, and before the chapel itself was ready for use, services 
were held regularly on the upper floor. One Sunday a young 
man, named William Deaker, attracted by the appearance of the 
new building, entered, heard Mr. Mayne preach, and at the close 
of the service, observing several persons retire into side rooms, 

* Iruh ChriHlan Advocate, 1883, p. 679. 
f Ibid, 1884, p. 54. 



CHAPTER II.— 1821. 21 

followed some of them into one, which proved to be the place in 
which Arthur Williams met a class, of which William and James 
Carson, William and Henry Heney, and others were members* 
The youthful stranger was warmly welcomed, and on being 
addressed by the leader, gave such an account of his religious 
experience as deeply aflfected all who heard it. On that day he 
was received on trial, and in due time entered on the privileges 
and responsibilities of membership, which he retained until his 
peaceftd death, nearly sixty years subsequently.* 

On June 3rd Dr. Clarke opened this chapel, which was 
crowded to excess by " nobility, gentry, and others," many being 
unable to obtain admission. The opportunity was seized by the 
preacher of reading the Liturgy, and thus reintroducing into Irish 
Methodism the service which thirty years previously he had 
assisted to exclude, and rendering no longer necessary the after- 
noon meeting which had been adopted as a compromise. The 
Doctor selected for his text Deuteronomy iv. 7 — 9, and preached an 
exceedingly able and powerful sermon. The collection amounted 
to £140. Having made an excursion to the North, Dr. Clarke 
returned to Dublin in time to preach again in the new chapel, on 
the following Sabbath, when there was present a very great crowd, 
including " some of the nobles, gentry, and learned of the land." ' 

The reports from the various mission-stations for the year now 
drawing to a close were most cheering. From Galway Mr. Arthur 
Noble writes, that although he had met with much opposition, 
and sometimes great danger, he had obtained such favour in the 
eyes of the Roman Catholics that many of them came out to hear, 
and were deeply affected under the word, while some joined the 
Society. The missionary preached regularly in the house of a 
Bomanist, and formed in it a class of fifteen members. Mr. George 
Hansbrow of Tireragh says that in this new and laborious field 
sixty members had entered the Society. Mr. Thomas Kerr never 
found his Catholic fellow-countrymen so willing to hear the 
Gospel as they had been on the Carrick-on-Shannon mission ; he 
had known them frequently to weep as they listened to the word 
preached and the praises of God sung, and at least one had come 
out boldly for Christ and His cause. Mr. WiUian Cornwall, who 
had been appointed to Killaloe, states that many Bomanists 

* IHshlhangelUt, 1880, p. 674. 



22 HISTOBY OF MBTHODISH. 

attended his services ; two who had joined the Society previously 
continued faithful, and a third, a schoolmaster, was a regular 
hearer. The latter had never read a chapter in the Bible until he 
heard that a missionary had brought some Irish Testaments to 
Mountshannon, and he was induced to take one, the perusal 
of which made such an impression on his mind that he walked 
eighty miles to obtain additional copies, which he carried home 
and distributed amongst his Roman Catholic neighbours. 

Concerning the county of Down, Mr. James Bell reports that 
several new preaching-places were opened, and many persons 
received the Gospel, including some who had not attended a 
place of worship for thirty years. A society was formed at the 
Spa, near Ballynahinch, and several souls were won for Christ. 
At Dundrum the congregations were good, and a marked change 
for the better had taken place in the morals of the inhabitants. 
At Strangford one young man, a Bomanist, having heard the 
priest warn his flock to beware of stragglers and strangers, thought 
that this ¥ras not the teaching of the Bible, and began at once 
to study the Word of God for himself. New light shone into his 
mind, and having received further instruction from the missionary, 
he continued seeking the Lord until enabled to testify to a sense 
of his acceptance by God through Christ Jesus. From the Ards 
and Comber district of the county Mr. Lanktree writes, "In- 
creasing crowds attend the word preached ; several souls have 
been brought to a knowledge of salvation by the remission of sins ; 
backsliders have been restored, and believers quickened to press 
forward for the attainment of every promised and purchased 
blessing of the new covenant." * 

The President, the Rev. Jabez Bunting, together with Messrs. 
Joseph Entwistle and Robert Newton, were appointed by the 
British Conference to visit Ireland, but Mr. Newton was by un- 
avoidable circumstances prevented from coming. Mr. Entwistle, 
however, arrived in Dublin on Saturday, June 23rd, and on the 
following day preached to large congregations — at noon in Abbey 
Street Chapel, and in the evening in Whitefriar street. At the 
latter place, especially, he says there were several things that 
pleased him much — ^viz., the chapel, a square building, with 
gallery and roof supported by large pillars, with no pews but the 

* Heport of Hibernian Methodist Mufdonary Society^ 1821. 



. OHAPTBB II. — 1821. 23 

stewards', and the whole kept as clean as one could conceive ; the 
deep seriousness of the people, who, after the second hymn was 
sung, remained standing until the text was read, as if to hear the 
Lord speak, and then sat down ; and the collection made at every 
public service, to which all contributed something. The whole 
presented to the eye of the stranger " a fine specimen of Primitive 
Methodism." On the following Tuesday Mr. Entwistle started 
on a tour through the provinces, visiting and preaching in Carlow, 
Waterford, Clonmel — where he was the guest of Mr. Joseph 
Higgins — Cashel, Templemore, Roscrea, and Tullamore. At Birr, 
on July 9th, he opened a new chapel, and says, " The congrega- 
tion was large, respectable, and attentive. Most of the respectable 
Protestant families attended, amongst whom were the Countess of 
Bosse and her son. Lord Oxmantown, a lovely youth. The Earl 
would have been present, had he been at home. He gave the 
land and a subscription towards the chapel." The structure 
which this building replaced is still standing, but used as a 
slaughter-house. It is situated in an alley, off a back lane, while 
what was the preacher's house is in the lane itself, and thus 
occupies the less dishonourable position of the two. Mr. Entwistle 
was much impressed with the poverty and squalor of the Romish 
population. " No idea," he says, " can be formed of the miserable 
circumstances and appearance of the poor Catholics, by those who 
have not seen them — almost naked, living in miserable cabins, in 
society with their pigs, and lying upon straw. But the Protestants, 
who live in towns only, for they cannot live in the country, are 
like a different caste, in good houses, and decent in their dress, so 
that though our congregations are but small, compared with those 
in England, they look even more respectable." " The spirit of 
the Irish preachers," he writes, " is excellent ; they appear to be 
men of God, but have many difl&culties that we know nothing of 
in England," while the people seemed "much devoted to the 
Lord." 

Meanwhile the Primitive Wesleyan Conference met on June 
27th. The following young men were received on trial : George 
Washington, Abraham L. Dobbin, of the Charlemont circuit, 
George Revington of Roscrea, John Noble of Togherdoo, and 
Samuel Rogers of Blackslee. The reports from the circuits 
generally were of a cheering character, and afforded ^NVdwiR.^ <^S. 



24 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the continued favour and goodness of the Lord. On most of them 
there had been blessed outpourings of the Spirit, great numbers 
were awakened to a sense of their sins, and many brought to a 
saving acquaintance with the truth, so that the increase in the 
number of members amounted to upwards of eight hundred. 
This made the total Methodist membership of the two Connexions 
thirty-seven thousand one hundred, being a larger number than 
had ever before been recognized in connection with the Societies, 
or was recognised again until eleven years subsequently. 

In the Pastoral Address it is said, "The occurrences that 
take place from year to year convince us more and more of Divine 
superintendence over the whole of our economy, and of a blessing 
upon all our exertions ; so that we are abundantly encouraged on 
every hand, and are only at a loss for expression to show the 
thankfulness we feel for continued proofs of bounty towards us. 
By the loving and effectual assistance of our representatives of 
circuits, our financial concerns have been so wisely managed that 
we are entirely free of debt, and all our wants have been com- 
pletely supplied ; while mutual harmony and increasing Christian 
love unite us all more closely to each other, and the frank and 
undisguised development of sentiment with which all our affairs 
are conducted gives security, both to preachers and people, of 
permanent and indissoluble concord and confidence." 

At this Conference the first missions of the Society were esta- 
blished, it being arranged that missionaries should be appointed to 
stations — such as Youghal and Letterkenny — that might be judged 
suitable, and that a collection should be made in each of the 
congregations to meet the necessary expense. Mr. Dugdale was 
appointed the first treasurer of the Primitive Wesleyan Methodist 
Home Mission. 

The Wesleyan Conference met on July 6th. About seventy 
preachers were present, with the Eev. Jabez Bunting in the chair. 
The Rev. Andrew Hamilton, jun., was elected a member of the 
Hundred, in place of the Rev. William Hamilton, superannuated, 
and the Rev. Thomas Ridgeway chosen by seniority, instead of the 
Rev. Michael Murphy. John Holmes of Clogher was received as 
having travelled twelve months ; and three young men, including 
William Guard and John Feely, were admitted on trial. One 
death was reported — that of James Jordan, a man of much piety, 



OHAPTBB n. — 1821. 26 

«oand understanding, and keen penetration, with considerable 
taleni as a preacher. It appeared, from the reports of the 
brethren, that on several circuits blessed revivals of religion had 
taken place, leading to considerable additions to the membership ; 
but owing to various causes, there was a net decrease of two 
hundred and sixty-two. 

The financial difficulties of the Connexion still continued, and 
pressed with increasing force. Upwards of £300 of the debt of 
the previous year remained, together with a deficit of about £1,700 
in the current income. To meet this deficiency the preachers 
nobly contributed £1,260, while £550 was taken from the Book 
Boom, and the balance remained as a debt. A circular letter was 
prepared and sent to the quarterly meetings, urging "the necessity 
and Christian obligation " of making such exertions on their 
respective circuits as the maintenance of the work required 
Sunday-schools were warmly recommended, as a means of bene- 
fiting the rising generation. The still more important question 
of spiritual progress was raised ; and the measures adopted at the 
preLus Conference in Liverpo;i were urged on the prLhers and 
societies, with such few exceptions as the different circumstances 
of the two countries required. 

When the affairs of the Irish Connexion came before the 
British Conference, the deepest sympathy was excited on behalf 
of the Society on this side of the Channel. In a circular addressed 
to the English preachers who were not present it is said, with 
regard to the Irish brethren, " While we admired their unity, 
patience, and cheerfalness under pecuniary distress, and the ex- 
tent of their voluntary sacrifices, we feel ourselves afflicted in their 
afflictions, and the hearts of all appeared to be in lively emotion, 
which expressed itself in word and deed. We felt that they were 
our brethren, * flesh of our flesh and bone of our bone ' — brethren 
in distress — that they needed our assistance, that we ought to 
relieve them, that we had it in our power, and that we would do 
it, and therefore imanimously agreed that a present of books from 
our stock in London should be given, and a voluntary subscription 
raised amongst ourselves. Most, if not every one present con- 
tributed more or less ; and it was judged proper that a letter 
on the subject should be addressed to the preachers in the ciicuitA^ 
that they also might have an opportunity of manifesting \Xv%\£ Von^ 



26 mSTOBY OF METHODISM. 

to the brotherhood in the same way." Upwards of five hundred 
pounds was contributed in response to the appeal thus made. 

Not long after Conference, an opportunity was afforded the 
Society of expressing that loyalty to the throne for which Method- 
ists have always been remarkable. King George IV. visited 
Ireland, making his public entry into Dublin on August 17th, 
amidst all the magnificence of a State procession, and applauded 
by the tens of thousands that attended his progress. Nothing 
could be more enthusiastic or cordial than his reception, and he 
remained a month dispensing and enjoying hospitality, apparently 
perfectly satisfying his own and his people's feelings. The oppor- 
tunity was seized by the Methodists of presenting to his Majesty 
a loyal address, which had passed the Conference, and it was gra- 
ciously received. It should also be noted that among other 
donations which the King directed to be paid on his behalf to 
various public charities in this country, was the sum of fifty 
pounds to the Dublin Strangers' Friend Society. 

Turning our attention, however, to the evangelistic work in. 
which the Methodists were engaged, we find tokens of continued 
success. In July Mrs. Whittaker, having occasion to visit Bally- 
shannon, found herself placed in rather novel circumstances. It 
was reported through the town that a lady from Sligo was there, 
and would preach. So a large congregation assembled, to whom 
she felt constrained to proclaim the glad tidings of salvation ; and 
the Lord so graciously assisted her that she was encouraged to 
persevere in the work thus most unexpectedly begun. 

Messrs. George Stephenson and John Holmes were appointed to 
the Sligo circuit, and their labours were eminently owned of God' 
in a blessed and widespread revival. On Sunday, September 
23rd, Mrs. Whittaker writes, "Being called on by Mr. Holmes 
to pray in the large congregation, I found such power granted 
from on high that it was in truth * Ask, and ye shall receive.' I 
had hardly begun when a cry filled the house, some called aloud 
for mercy, and others wept tears of gratitude. Good was done in 
the name of the Holy Child Jesus." And again, on October 29th,, 
"An amazing outpouring of the Spirit has taken place in our 
meeting-house, and conversions are continually experienced. The 
distress of some of the penitents is indescribable ; sometimes they 
continue without food for three or four days, and will receive no 



CHAPTKR n. — 1821. 27 

oonsolation until made happy by &ith in the Atonement. Three 
in this house have been bom again within this week." * Among 
the converts was a lad of sixteen, Greorge Leech, who for more 
than sixty years subsequently proved a kind firiend to the preachers 
and a fsdthful supporter of Methodism. He sustained in succes- 
sion almost every office in the Society open to laymen, until at 
length he became a member of the Conference. Soon after he 
had thus attained to the highest ecclesiastical position within 
reach, he was called home to the Church triumphant. 

Previous to the period before us, the morning service in Method- 
ist chapels was generally held at ten o'clock, so as not to interfere 
with attendance at church ; but now a change having taken place 
by preaching at noon in Abbey street, Dublin, in other places a 
like stand was taken. On November 23rd Mrs. Whittaker writes, 
" This day having heard of our people purposing to have the hour 
of preaching on the Sabbath changed to twelve o'clock, I was led 
to rejoice that God had so changed the sentiments of my heart, 
which were altogether opposed to such a measure, as not only to 
acquiesce but exceedingly rejoice in it, hoping thereby to make 
time for attending two classes on Sabbath mornings, and also to 
shake off all man-pleasing, which I saw my attending church of 
late savoured too much of." 

A blessed religious awakening took place also at Hamilton's 
Bawn, a place so noted for Sabbath desecration and wickedness in 
general that it was called " Hamilton's Bawn, which knows no 
Sunday." The Rev. John Armstrong was the junior minister on 
the circuit, and on Christmas Day formed the first class in this 
village. Amongst those awakened to a sense of their need of the 
Saviour was Alexander Greer, Esq., a half-pay officer, who gives 
the following account of his religious experience : " The recollec- 
tion of my past life fills me with horror, amazement, and praise — 
horror that for forty-one years I was the most guilty of human 
beings — ^guilty of every sin man is capable of, except murder, and 
even that I virtually committed, for I sometimes in my heart 
wished a person dead ; amazement, that the Lord Almighty bore 
with me, and did not sweep me as a monster from the face of the 
earth, but, in His tender mercy, plucked me as a brand from the 
burning; praise that I have found a reconciled Father, and^ 

♦ Unpublished Diary of Mrs. WhittakeT. 



( 



28 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

through the all-atoning blood of my Eedeemer, obtained a full, 
free, and gracious pardon." When Mr. Greer was led to religious 
decision, he opened his house for the entertainment of the minis- 
ters of the Grospel, and identified himself with the Society, and 
thus continued his connection with Methodism until July, 1859, 
when he passed to the home above. 

It was at this period that Thomas T. N. Hull, a lad of fifteen, 
became connected with Methodism. During a visit of his to some 
relatives in the Isle of Man, his mother became a member of 
the Society, and on his return home to Donaghadee, as no other 
member of the family accompanied her to the Methodist services, 
he ofiered to do so. There was then no Sabbath-morning meeting 
in the chapel, and the preachers came every second Sunday for 
the evening service, while a local preacher from Bangor — fre- 
quently a sergeant in regimentals — supplied the pulpit on the 
alternate evenings. Gradually the youth got clearer views of 
Divine truth, became more impressed and practically influenced 
by it, and was drawn by the Spirit into cordial sympathy with it, 
until he joined the Society, and at length was enabled to rejoice 
in a conscious sense of sins forgiven. He then began to work for 
Christ, visiting the sick, distributing tracts, and collecting for 
missions, and was thus led on step by step, and prepared for his 
subsequent protracted and usefril ministerial career. 

Charles Graham had been appointed to the county of Wexford 
mission, and on August 8th states that he had preached in the 
market of Gorey to a vast multitude. Fossey Tackaberry, "a 
most blessed young man," helped him; and they held field- 
meetings on three successive Sabbaths, " when crowds flocked to 
hear." On November 22nd the devoted missionary writes, " My 
strength and sight are failing, but I have cause to bless God that 
I have not laboured in vain and spent my strength for nought. 
I have been doing a little in the fairs and markets, and meet with 
no opposition." In Enniscorthy, on " the great market-day before 
Christmas," the fearless and faithful evangelist, having taken his 
stand in the midst of the people, was violently opposed, and what- 
ever came to hand freely thrown to stop the service; but the 
Mayor came on the scene, and soon stilled the noise of the tumult. 
^^Many then stood pale-faced and confounded," as they listened 
to the preaching ot the word, accompanied by the power of the 



CHAPTER 11. — 1821. 29 

Holy Ghost. In the market of Newtownbarry, when Mr. Banks 
saw the attention of the Romanists, he confessed that he had 
no hope previously of witnessing such an encouraging sight. 
Chraham adds, '^ We had a great watch-night in the market- 
house of Gorey." 

Mr. Feely was appointed to travel with Mr. Ouseley on the 
general mission. The veteran missionary regarded his young 
colleague with the greatest affection and esteem, and spoke 
highly of his piety, zeal, and fitness for the work. "Brother 
Feely," he remarks, " is quite in his element when he stands or 
rides in the streets to address his countrymen in their own tongue, 
which he speaks with great facility ; and as they learn he has been 
of their own Church, they are the more eager to hear him." 
Feely also speaks with profound admiration and respect of Ouseley, 
more especially of his deep devotion, intense fervour, unremitting 
labours, and power and perseverance in prayer. He generally 
preached from thirteen to fifteen times each week, and even 
during the winter his labours were uninterrupted and his health 
unimpaired. In one place a schoolmaster, who had been a bigoted 
Bomanist, became suspicious, through witnessing the violence and 
cruelty of his priest, obtained a copy of the Rhemish Testament, 
and compared it with the Authorized Version. He found that the 
religion he had believed differed from that taught even in the 
former, and, quite alarmed, called on the priest and expressed his 
fears. The ecclesiastic replied with a threat of the horsewhip if 
he should hear any more such language. " If you do, sir," said 
the other, " I will give you the law. I will surely indict you if 
you strike me." Soon afterwards he abandoned all connection 
with the Church of Rome, and became a member of the Methodist 
Society. Another schoolmaster, also in the same vicinity, read 
Ouseley's Old Christianity, considered it unanswerable, and 
declared it was calculated to convert more Roman Catholics than 
all the books he had ever seen. He also renounced Popery, as did 
one of his neighbours, to whom he stated his religious scruples. 

Many other instances of good effected at this time through the 
writings and labours of Ouseley might be narrated. Suffice it to 
refer to one more. Two young men, who had received a liberal 
education, waited on the missionary in Queen's County, to couv^t^^ 
with him on reli^ou^ subjects. It appeared ttiat oxv^ ol ^Xi^tel 



30 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

having obtained a copy of Old Christianity, brought it to the 
priest, and inquired if the quotations in it were true. He was 
told that they were correct. " Then, sir," said the youth, " we are 
ruined." " Come, come," replied the priest, " we must answer it ; 
you are a good scholar, and will do it." " Answer it!" rejoined the 
other, " answer truth ! no, sir, never. Grood-day ; I must quit mass 
for ever." He carried out his threat, and became an assistant in a 
Protestant school. The other young man, who had supposed his 
own arguments unanswerable, after some conversation, appeared 
greatly astonished, and burst into tears, confessing that he had never 
before seen the subjects under consideration in the same light. 

At this period the following interesting conversion from 
Popery took place : In the north riding of Tipperary there lived 
a farmer, named Henry Slack, who one day in 1812, being in 
Borrisokane, was attracted by a number of people standing in the 
street, and having joined them, heard the Gospel preached by 
Messrs. Ouseley and Reilly. The word reached his heart, and led 
him to invite the servants of God to his house at Derrynasling, 
which thenceforward became a regular preaching appointment. 
Mr. Slack had a labourer in his service, named Philip Rourke, 
a man of gigantic stature and brawny frame, who was a host in 
himself at faction fights, and whose shillelah made terrible havoc 
among his foes. He was an ignorant and bigoted Romanist, who 
regfarded the preachers with special aversion, and resolved, if 
possible, to get them turned out of the house. So he went to his 
master and told him, on the authority of the priest, that the 
Methodists were dragons in sheep^s clothing, and that they would 
do terrible mischief. Mr. Slack replied that people should not 
be condemned unheard, that the priest should come and hear 
them, and if he refused, that Philip himself should do so. The 
conversation having made a deep impression on the mind of the 
labourer, he said that though he could not go into the parlour. 
If the door were left open, he could hear Mr. M'Cormick, the 
preacher, in the kitchen. When subsequently asked how he liked 
what he heard, he replied, "It was very good, but some one 
told the preacher all about me." 

Thenceforth Philip found his way regularly to the kitchen at 

the time of service ; light penetrated the deep darkness of his 

mindj and be became thoughtful and troubled. In this state of 



CHAPTER n. — 1821. 31 

tmeasy apprehension, he went to confession, stated what he felt, 
and Admitted that he had heard the preacher. "Never mend 
you," said the priest. " Did I not warn you against those fellows ? '* 
Penance was laid on the awakened sinner, but without affording 
any relief. Heavier penances were then imposed, but still in 
vain. Philip became worse and worse. The priest said he 
thought the devil had got into him, and he would try St. Peter's 
belt — a strap of leather with a buckle — which was worn round the 
waist, and tightened as prayers were said. Rourke put on and 
pulled this instrument of torture, until it cut his flesh, but failed 
to heal his wounded spirit. The priest now gave him up to the 
enemy, and cautioned the people to have nothing to do with him. 
On the following day, in a wretched state of mind, he went to 
the bog to cut turf, and when his fellow-labourers went home 
to dinner, thought he would tell the Lord all. So kneeling 
down, he confessed his drunkenness, cursing, and fighting, told 
God how he had gone to his priest and followed his directions, 
but obtained no relief, and then cried earnestly, " Lord, have 
mercy on me, for Christ's sake, if there is pardon for such a 
wretched sinner as I am." Lifting up his eyes, he thought 
he saw the Saviour looking compassionately at him, and felt 
at once his burden taken away, and his heart filled with joy. 
Starting up, he ran home to tell his wife what the Lord had done 
for him ; and work was given up for the remainder of the day, 
which was spent in giving glory to God. On Mr. M'Cormick's next 
visit, Philip went into the parlour at preaching-time, and after 
the service concluded, gave an account of his conversion before all 
the people. He was now a living epistle, known and read of all 
men, old things having passed away, and all things become new. 
He also listened with great attention to the truth as proclaimed 
by the servants of God, mastered the art of reading, that he 
might study the Bible, and so faithfully witnessed and worked for 
Christ amongst his neighbours that he became known as Philip the 
Prophet. The priest once more tried his hand on this disturber 
of his parish. " Does your Reverence think you can make the 
Lord's body for me ? " inquired the zealous convert. " I have that 
power, Philip ; can you doubt it ? " " Then, your Reverence, I have 
two little hens, but no cow. Now, if you can turn theui yo^ \Nio 
oowB, to give us milk for the children, 1 cihaW. \)^eN^ ^^^ 



32 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

have the power you say." " Get a' gone ! get a gone ! " wa» 
the reply, and so ended Philip's connection with Popery. 

Rourke lived a zealous disciple, in his artless way talking 
and praying with the people, so that they " would rather hear him 
than the priest." There was a pungency and a power in his 
reproofs and exhortations which made them very telling. On one 
occasion, being in Nenagh, he went to the market-place, where- 
were a number of people, and began to speak to them on the 
subject which lay nearest his heart. As the conversation went 
on, many drew near to listen, and his warnings became more 
earnest, his tones louder, and his gesticulation increasingly 
violent. There he stood in the midst, and could be seen from 
afiir, head and shoulders above the crowd, urging them to give- 
up their sins and flee from the wrath to come. A clerical 
magistrate, passing by, inquired what the crowd meant, and wa& 
told that Rourke the Prophet was telling the people the world 
would be destroyed immediately. Others said it was a madman,, 
and he ought to be shut up ; and it may be the wild action and 
loud voice of the speaker gave colour to this suggestion, or 
possibly the cleric wished to check this pestilent fellow, wha 
belonged to the sect everywhere spoken against. Be that as it 
may, a committal was hastily signed, and Philip lodged in gaol^ 
through the iron bars of which he continued to speak to the 
people. Next day he was liberated, and found that he had made 
many friends in the town. 

Mr. Slack lived only a few years after this, and on his death 
the family sold their interest in the farm and emigrated to 
America. Philip was therefore obliged to remove to another part 
of the country. When aged and feeble, his son was most anxious 
to bring him back to the old Church, and tried in vain to persuade 
him to receive the priest. A bribe was oflFered if he would go 
once more to mass. " 111 be glad to go to last mass," said the old 
man. When Sunday came he was told it was time to go. 
" Where ? " inquired Rourke. " To mass," " That is not the 
mass I promised to go to, but last mass, the last that shall ever 
be celebrated, and that will be a happy day for Ireland." As the 
end of life drew near, the son determined to make a final attempt 
to execute his purpose, and brought the priest, who on arriving 
sa/dj ^^ I am glad to hear that you are sorry for your past conduct, 



CHAPTER II. — 1821. 



33 



and now wish to return to the true Church." The dying man 
fixed his eyes on the speaker, but made no reply. " Don't you 
know me ? " asked his Reverence. " Indeed I do," said Philip. " Did 
you not send for me ? " ** No, sir." " Will you be confessed ? " "I 
do confess to the great God," said Rourke, " that I was a very 
bad man ; that I deserved to be turned into hell ; but you know, 
sir, that God so loved the world that He gave His blessed Son to 
die for me and all mankind : I believe that blessed promise, and 
when He is pleased to take me out of this world it will be to 
be happy with Himself for ever." " Well, Rourke," answered the 
priest, " the confidence you have in your Saviour is the best you 
can have ; here is a shilling, and I will give orders that no one 
shall be allowed to disturb you." And accordingly, before leaving, 
the priest said to the son that his father had made a true con- 
fession, and on no account to trouble the poor man further.* 

♦ Irish Evangelist, 1873, pp. 13, 14, 27, 28 



roL, m, 



% 



CHAPTER III. 
1822. 

Early in 1822 the Marquis of Wellesley was appointed Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, and as he and those associated with him 
were known to be favourable to conferring political priWleges on 
Boman Catholics, it was supposed that every ebullition of Popish 
turbulence would be suppressed, and a new era inaugurated, from 
which Ireland might date her internal union and tranquillity. 
But there was, as there has been ever since, in the Romish popu- 
lation a deep-rooted conviction that every attempt to meet their 
wishes was a concession to violence and disloyalty ; and hence the 
most liberal rulers have had to contend with the greatest lawless- 
ness. Now that a policy of conciliation was adopted, the spirit of 
disaflfection and disagreement per\'aded all ranks of society. Lord 
Wellesley was unable to still the strife between different factions 
among the upper classes, while among the lower a burning 
hatred to the Protestant faith and a strong repulsion to rights of 
property occasioned a continuance of those agrarian outrages 
which made the island a scene of tempestuous violence, iniquity, 
and disorder. The most atrocious deeds continued to be per- 
petrated, a system of Whiteboyism was regularly organized, and 
notwithstanding the unceasing vigilance of the police, people 
assembled in hundreds, broke into the houses of Protestants, 
plundered their property, and subjected them to the grossest 
abuse. Robbery and outrage were succeeded by famine. The 
potatoes, which formed the staple food in the South and West, 
decayed and perished in the ground, and before the end of May 
the whole of Munster and Connaught was in a state of starvation. 
The peasantry, leaving their cabins and little plots of ground, 
from which they had derived their scanty subsistence, crowded 
into the villageB, seeking in vain for employment or relief from 



CHAPTER III. — 1822. 35 

those who were almost in as bad a position as themselves. The 
attention of the Government was soon directed to the destitution 
which prevailed, and a large sum of money allotted to the work of 
relief. But most of all was done by the munificent benevolence 
of the people of England, who, as soon as the miserable condition 
of the country was known, contributed upwards of two hundred 
and fifty thousand pounds ; and the diligence and prudence used 
in the application of this fund were not inferior to the earnestness 
with which it had been raised. 

During this season of peril and distress the Methodist preachers 
continued their arduous and important work, with tokens of the 
Divine approval and blessing. On New Year's Day Mr. Graham 
preached in the fair at Gorey, when he concluded ; Mr. John S. 
Wilson continued the service, and both had a most appreciative 
audience. On April 20th the missionary writes, " Although the 
minds of the people are disaflFected, and many are alarmed, yet, 
through all, I have an attentive hearing, and many melted into 
tears under the word. The work is deepening and spreading. 
I met thirty in class in Newtownbarry on last Sabbath morning. 
It was like the opening of heaven. The progress the members 
are making in the Divine life is astonishing." Three of these 
were recent converts from Romanism — one, a young man, whose 
father, when dying, enjoined on him to pay ten shillings quarterly, 
to get him out of purgatory ; but his mother, who was a Protestant, 
left him her Bible, with a dying request to read it. He, feeling 
as much attached to her as to his father, brought five guineas to 
the priest to pray for her also ; but he refused, saying, " She is 
hopelessly lost, as a heretic. As, however, you are so anxious, I will 
write to the bishop." His lordship was of the same mind ; and 
thus the youth was thrown into utter despair. Some one then 
invited him to hear Mr. Graham preach, which he did, and thus 
was led to rejoice in God his Saviour. 

On June 22nd Graham writes, " The Lord has raised up many 
who are now able and willing to declare the glad tidings to a 
perishing world. Some are leaving mass, and others are inquiring 
how they may make their escape. I have been lately endeavouring 
to open some new places, and although I have not joined them in 
societies^ I think impressions have been made which will ^i^ld 
fruit. The field-meetings are much acknowledged. H^^n^uVva 



36 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

greatly blessed us with labourers in this comer of the vineyard ; 
and many who were greatly prejudiced now see their mistake, and 
confess that the power of the Lord is among the Methodists. 
Some profess and enjoy the blessing of entire sanctification, others 
are pressing after it." And again, a little later, " What a mercy 
that our ministry is not failing, but increasing both in gifts and 
in grace ! We have a number of most blessed young men on this 
mission, and a number of holy men and women who are alive to 
God. Their cups are full and flowing over. Among these a young 
man who has fled from mass is an ornament to religion, and not- 
withstanding the danger to which he is exposed, fears neither 
priests nor people. There are females also, belonging to that 
system, who are striving to make their escape, but are watched by 
their parents and friends." 

On April 19th there is the following entry in the diary of 
James Field : " Went to Bandon, where the I^rd has singularly 
revived His work of late. The principal instrument of this great 
work is Mr. William Richey, a young, plain preacher, extremely 
humble, pious, and laborious, who preaches a present, free, and 
full salvation, through the blood of Jesus." * Amongst the young 
men of the Society who were either converted or greatly quickened 
during this blessed revival were John Barry, who subsequently 
laboured with great success as a missionary in the West Indies ; 
and John Nash, John Harrington, and William Starkey, who 
entered the itinerancy in Ireland ; while the young women led 
to the Saviour included Rebecca Robinson, subsequently wife of 
the Rev. William Starkey; Annie Beamish, to whom the Rev. 
Matthew I^nktree, jun., was affianced, and her sister Eliza, who 
was married to the Rev. John Saul — a noble band of Christian 
sisters that would have proved a blessing to any Church. At the 
close of the year no less than eight hundred and ninety members 
were found on the circuit, the largest number ever returned from 
this district of country. 

Owing to the disturbed state of Munster, which interfered 
greatly with open-air services, it was considered advisable that 
Messrs. Ouseley and Feely should confine their labours chiefly to 
Ulster and Connaught, where they had considerable success. 
Multitudes, including many Roman Catholics, attended their 

* A Devont Soldier, p. 181. 



CHATTER III. — 1822. 37 

ministry, and listened with deep attention and interest. At length 
Oaseley, having received a severe bruise in one of his feet, was 
obliged to come to Dublin for rest. Here, while unable to go out, 
he employed his pen in defence of Protestantism, getting through 
the press a statement of a young convert who had been educated 
for the Eomish priesthood, and also replying to some pernicious 
works then in general circulation. While in the metropolis, he 
received a most interesting letter from his young friend, whose 
narrative he had edited, from which the following is an extract : 
" The Gospel seed sown by you, and nourished by our mutual 
friends, is producing daily an increase of peace and tranquillity of 
soul, hitherto unconceived by me. There is a great spirit of 
inquiry here. We long to see you again. Come, in short, and 
finish the work begun. Your last sermon in Arvagh has made a 
great stir. The Roman Catholics say you spoke the truth, and, 
in general, they tell me that they do not know the good their 
clergy do for them. They think purgatory a Church fiction, and 
are very anxious to see my objections. May the Lord continue 
your usefulness to the poor Irish, is the earnest prayer of your 
very sincere and truly affectionate child in the Lord." In another 
letter, alluding to his former associates, he says, "They all are 
forced to allow I had just reasons for separating from the Church 
of Rome." Mr. Ouseley mentions the case of this young convert, 
in hopeful terms, in a letter to Joseph Butterworth, Esq., and in 
connection with it expresses himself very strongly as to the policy 
of the Government. ** I never remember," he says, " Ireland as it 
now is : Papists who are desolating the country, cherished ; and 
Protestants, who should be cherished, dispirited, and their 
energies paralyzed. To encourage Popery is to disturb the 
nation ; for hopes of dominancy, and priestly intrigue, will make 
it furious." 

In June Mr. Ouseley writes that he and Mr. Feely had just 
returned fix)m a tour of ten weeks through Ulster. They had 
preached frequently in the streets and markets, to large and deeply 
attentive congregations; there was not the least interruption, 
nor anything of an impleasant nature ; and very many Roman 
Catholics attended and listened with great apparent satisfaction, 
especially to Feely, as he told the artless story of his conversion 
firom Popery and sin to the truth and holiness. Rei^iexi<^^ V& xc^^ 



38 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

to at least two intelligent and respectable Romanists, who had 
attended several of the public services and also waited for class- 
meetings. " Upon the whole," sajs Ouseley, " we have had an 
encouraging prospect in nearly every place." 

During one of the missionary's visits to Sligo, as he preached 
to a crowd in the street, a priest named O'Connor rode up, and 
scattered the people with his whip. That evening, in the chapel 
by the river-side, Ouseley took down the names of forty persons, 
who joined the Society. Amongst these was William Grraham 
Campbell, than a lad of seventeen, who some time afterwards, under 
the ministry of Mr. Holmes, obtained peace in believing, and then 
entered upon a course of evangelistic labour which was abundantly 
owned of God. 

The pressing question of the Connexional debt appears, at this 
time, to have received the serious attention of several of the prin- 
cipal societies. Limerick took the lead, issuing a circular letter, 
in which prompt assistance was earnestly requested to relieve the 
embarrassed circumstances of the preachers. Two replies lie before 
us — one dated May 22nd, from the stewards of the Dublin 
society, addressed " to the Stewards and Leaders of the Methodist 
Society in Ireland." In this document are expressed regret that 
the plan of weekly and quarterly payments recommended by the 
Conference had not been as successful as could be desired, and 
thankfulness to the brethren in Limerick " for their worthy exer- 
tions in calling on the friends of Methodism to meet the deficien- 
cies of the current year ; " but at the same time objection is taken 
to the means proposed, as only suflBcient to relieve the existing 
emergency. It is suggested that a more eligible plan, and one 
striking at the root of the evil, would be that a committee of 
finance should be appointed, consisting of representatives selected 
by the preachers and stewards of each district, and that all the 
financial concerns of the Connexion should be laid before this 
committee, and such measures adopted as might be deemed neces- 
sary to meet the expenditure of the year, subject, of course, to the 
approval of Conference. 

The second reply is from the stewards on the Sligo circuit, 

addressed " to the Stewards and Leaders of the Methodist Societies 

in Ireland," and is dated June 22nd. In this letter, having 

expressed the irajznest approbation of the Limerick circular, it is 



CHAPTER ni. — 1822. 39 

stated that while the writers looked forward with pleasure to seeing 
the pressure removed from the preachers, they felt disappointed 
and grieved on receipt of the Dublin epistle, suggesting means to 
prevent anticipated difficulties, but discouraging eflForts to relieve 
the existing distress. " We highly approve," it is said, " of such 
plans as shall prevent future embarrassments ; but what are our 
preachers to do until such plans be carried into eflFect ? Are they 
and their families to want bread, while they are feeding us with 
the Bread of Life ? " And as an evidence of their practical sym- 
pathy, the Sligo friends offer a contribution of forty-three pounds. 
The proposal of the Dublin stewards, however, was to a certain 
extent carried out. Several persons appointed by their respective 
district meetings, with other friends, met " to consider the plan 
proposed by the Dublin letter, or any other, by which the Con- 
nexion could support itself, without suffering the preachers and 
their families to labour under such embarrassments as they had 
for many years been enduring." At this meeting the following 
recommendations were adopted : " (1) That in every district in the 
kingdom a special financial meeting shall be held once a year, in 
the month of August, consisting of the superintendent preacher 
and general steward of the respective circuits in each district. 
Should the steward, however, of any circuit be prevented by illness 
or otherwise from fulfilling his appointment, it is expected that 
the leaders' meeting of every such circuit will appoint a person 
to act in his place, so that each circuit may have its representa- 
tive at the special meeting. (2) That the general expenditure of 
the Connexion be apportioned to the different districts, according 
to the number of members in each, having due regard also to their 
comparative circumstances. A portion, however, of the Yearly Col- 
lection, which for the ensuing year may be £530, and of the profits 
of the Book Room, estimated at £320, will be allowed to each dis- 
trict, to assist in meeting the demands which may be made upon 
it. (3) That the number of wives and children to be provided for 
by each district, together with the sum that may be expected from 
each from the above sources, shall be published annually in the 
Minutes of the Conference. (4) That the proportion of expendi- 
ture that each circuit may be required to meet, as also the 
aggistance which may be afforded by the grant to the district, from 
the Yearly Collection and the Book Boom, ahaW. \^ t^g^G^&X^ Vj 



40 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the annual special district meeting. (5) That the superintendent 
preacher and steward of each circuit shall, as soon after the special 
meeting as possible, acquaint, by letter or otherwise, all the leaders 
of the circuit to which they may belong of the determination of 
such meeting. (6) That it is particularly requested of the leaders 
to communicate the information which they may receive, accom- 
panied with whatever other observations they may think necessary 
to oflFer for the elucidation of the plan, to the members of their 
respective classes, so that every member of our Society may see 
the necessity for contributing as much as possible to the various 
collections. (7) That each circuit is to have its own Education 
Collection, to assist in meeting the demand for that purpose. 
(8) That all the collections are to be handed to the general steward 
of each circuit, who shall pay, by quarterly instalments, the 
preachers stationed on his circuit, who may be entitled to the 
regular allowance for wives' money, maintenance and education of 
children, etc." An earnest appeal was also made for subscriptions 
on behalf of the Connexional debt, which amounted to upwards of 
£8,000, and a sub-committee appointed to receive the amounts 
contributed. These proposals were published in a circular, signed 
by Messrs. William Kent and William Osborne, Dublin ; John 
Boyd, Cootehill ; Thomas Tracy, Limerick ; Edward H. Bolton, 
Lisbum; and Thomas Shillington, Portadown, and endorsed by 
the President and Secretary on behalf of the Conference, which, 
with some slight modifications, accepted the suggestions thus 
made. 

As the Rev. Robert Newton had been appointed by the British 
Conference to accompany the President to Ireland, Mr. Waugh 
invited him to open the new chapel in Bandon. En route^ 
however, to this town he preached twice, and attended a public 
meeting in Cork, concerning which James Field writes, "Amazing 
interest has been excited. Our missionary meeting was the 
greatest I ever attended. £11 18«. was collected." The first 
service in the new building was held on June 23rd, at two o'clock, 
when the eloquent divine selected for his text Psalm xxvi. 8. 
He also preached in the evening, from John iii 16. On each 
occasion the house was crowded. The collections amounted to 
nearly £96 ; and the recollection of the services is fresh'and fragrant 
to the few who were present and stiU survive. Subscriptions were 



• CHAPTER in. — 1822. 41 

raised to the amount of about £920. At the south side of the 
chapel two preachers' residences were also built, and between them 
an upper and a lower class-room, while underneath the preaching- 
house were apartments for the sexton and additional class-rooms. 
The whole undertaking cost about £2,160, so the trustees had 
to borrow £1,150, which, with a considerable amount of interest, 
was paid oflF in the course of sixteen years. 

At the same time that the above scheme was carried out 
another great want of Methodism in this town was met, by the 
generosity of a gentleman who proved a warm friend of the Con- 
nexion. Mr. Henry Cornwall, being anxious to lessen the Sabbath 
desecration that prevailed in the neighbourhood, and considering 
that no means would be so likely to eflFect this as religious 
instruction, had established a Sunday-school, which was held in 
a cow-shed until he succeeded in erecting a suitable building. 
Here the work prospered beyond the highest expectations. Daily 
schools were then established, placed under the management of a 
local committee, and also proved very successful. Four hundred 
pounds was bequeathed by Mr. Cornwall as an endowment to 
assist in the support of these valuable institutions, which are 
maintained to the present day. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference commenced on June 26th. 
There were received on trial six candidates, including Noble Wiley 
of the Enniskillen circuit, William Scott of Tanderagee, John 
Milligan of Charlemont, Daniel Macafee, and Dawson D. Heather. 
One death was reported, that of Joseph Armstrong, who had for 
thirty years laboured with great fidelity and success as a Method- 
ist preacher ; and who, as the end of life approached, was enabled 
to testify that his soul was full of God. There was a decrease 
in the number of members of six hundred and thirty-seven. 
Although the Society had suflFered in its funds from the general 
Hlepression of the times, the lay representatives generously made 
up the deficiencies, so as to relieve the preachers from all pecuniary 
encumbrances. 

In order to revive the work of the Lord, it was resolved — To 
preach or hold prayer-meetings every morning in town and 
country. To pay all possible attention to the children in every 
accessible house, instructing them, and endeavouring to excite in 
them attention to spiritual things, To visit t\ie ^eo^^ It^isi 



42 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

house to house, advising and praying with them. To meet the 
classes after preaching, when practicable, and the societies on 
Sabbath evenings. To preach and live the doctrine of Christian 
perfection. To use every possible means to promote the esta- 
blishment of Sunday-schools in both towns and country places. 
Never to omit quarterly watch-night services and lovefeasts. 
And with all zeal to revive private and public bands. Mission- 
aries also were appointed to Kerry and the west of Cork, to 
Youghal, and to Sligo. 

The subject, however, that engaged most the attention of 
Conference was the publication of a magazine. The question had 
been discussed frequently before, but the difficulties in the way 
of carrying it out had appeared insurmountable. But now it was 
resolved that the work should be commenced early in 1823, and 
that the preachers and representatives be requested to use every 
exertion to procure subscribers. Accordingly, the first number 
appeared in March of the following year, and this valuable work 
continued to be published for fifty-six years. It was also agreed 
upon that a Book £oom should be established, to meet the expenses 
of which one thousand pounds was to be raised by loan or public 
subscription. 

The Wesleyan Conference met on July 5th, the Rev. George 
Marsden President, the Rev. Robert Newton Visitor, and the Rev. 
Andrew Hamilton, jun.. Secretary. About eighty ministers were 
present. James Lamb, of the Wicklow circuit, and Matthew 
Lanktree, jun., who had been called out during the year, were 
received as having travelled twelve months ; and John Wilson, 
jun.,* was admitted on trial. There was one death reported, that 
of George Brown, who had entered the itinerancy in 1776, and 
was in life and death a beautiful example of perfect love and 
Christian simplicity. The subscriptions from the preachers 
towards the deficiency amounted to £547 10s., while the minis- 
ters and other friends in England contributed £503 2«. 4(2. 
The Rev. William Stewart was elected a representative to the 
British Conference, a position which he sustained for nineteen out 
of twenty-five years. 

The decrease in the number of members was eight hundred 

* A son of William Wilson, who entered the itinerancj in 1788, and great 
^nmdBon of Philip Guier of BaHingrane. 



CHAPTER in.— 1822. 43 

and twenty, the causes of which, as well as other particulars in 
regard to the state of the kingdom, will be best seen from the 
following extracts from the Address to the brethren in Great 
Britain : " Our country, since the last sitting of the Conference, 
has exhibited an awfal and melancholy picture of our national 
crimes and miseries. Outrages, robberies, burnings, and murders 
have encompassed us and our societies, in almost every direction, 
in the southern and western counties. Societies have been 
scattered, property destroyed, and, in some instances, our beloved 
iM-ethren the preachers violently attacked on the public roads; 
yet, as the shepherds of the Lord's flock, no man shrank from his 
duty, no man neglected his circuit, and, to the praise and glory of 
the Great Shepherd, not a hair of our head has perished. Surely 
the Lord is our Keeper ! In such circumstances of desolation and 
poverty as have succeeded the insurrectionary state of this country, 
when tens of thousands of the poor are begging and starving, when 
trade is depressed, when there is no market for agricultural pro- 
duce, and when anxiety and fear have come upon the land like 
an armed host, it is not to be wondered at that our beloved 
societies should have had a large portion of the common afilic- 
tion, and therefore that their numbers, and their aids towards the 
support of the Gospel, should have decreased. Whole families 
have emigrated to America, as the only place of refuge, and in 
consequence whole societies have been dispersed. Though our 
land has bled, yet God has not forgotten to be gracious to us, 
and in not a few instances have we seen His goodness and power 
manifested in the regeneration, consolation, and final, triumph of 
precious souls." It was also some consolation that, in the midst 
of political disturbances, the societies continued to maintain such 
a reputation for loyalty that in districts where the Insurrection 
Act was in force the possession of a Methodist class-ticket was 
deemed a sufficient security for the peaceable character of the 
party who produced it, and answered all the purposes of a 
passport.* 

On the morning after three preachers had been received into 
fall connexion, the members of the Conference, deeply impressed 
by the hallowed influences of that service, considered the state of 
the work in this country, and the best means of promoting it. In 

* Wesleyan Methodist Magazine^ 1822, p. 5%&. 



44 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

a general conversation, it was recommended that, as ministers, 
they should, with deep humility and unreserved devotion, give 
themselves more fully to God and His work, and that to this 
end they should attend more faithfully and laboriously than ever 
to preaching in the open air, meeting the classes, visiting from 
house to house, rendering the leaders' meetings more useful and 
spiritual, inviting strangers to attend the services of the sanctuary, 
distributing religious books and tracts, and also establishing 
schools under Methodist patronage. In order to promote Sunday- 
schools, it was agreed to appoint a committee, designated " The 
General Committee for Raising and Encouraging Wesleyan 
Methodist Sunday-schools in Ireland," and consisting of five 
members of Society in Dublin, and one from each district, with an 
equal number of preachers. The Conference also resolved to 
secure the house then in process of erection, adjoining the new 
chapel in Abbey street, Dublin, for a Book Room, at an annual rent 
of £60. These subjects were considered with such sacred feelings 
that it appeared to the elder brethren that at no former period in 
their memory had a more gracious and blessed Divine influence 
rested on them. 

Of the public services, Fossey Tackaberry, who was present, and 
was placed on the list of reserve, writes, " I went to hear Mr. 
Newton preach ; and preach he did, with a witness ! He is 
reckoned the second greatest preacher among the Methodists ; 
but if there be a greater, it is indeed a wonder. He spoke for an 
hour on Philippians iii. 8, first clause. Surely such a sermon I 
never heard before. The vast, crowded congregation seemed as if 
nailed to their seats ; hardly a cough or breath was heard through 
the house ; and not a few falling tears witnessed that the people 
felt as well as admired." Again, " This is observed as a day of 
fasting and prayer. The prayer-meeting at six this morning was 
well att'ended. The President opened it, and Messrs. Wood, 
Mayne, and Newton prayed. It was a time of power. It is now 
twelve, when the next prayer-meeting begins." The lovefeast is 
thus described: "No person spoke but travelling preachers. It 
was a time of the greatest power I ever experienced. Several 
present said they never felt so much of the power of God before. 
The Lord is evidently reviving His work in the hearts of the 
ministers, and it fieemed that night as if He was about to revive 



CHAPTER III. — 1822. 45 

it through the kingdom generally. Oh, the faith that seemed to 
be in that meeting! Several of the preachers gave cheering 
aceoants of revivals on their circuits. I think I shall never forget 
that night." 

The Rev. Samuel Wood was appointed Representative to the 
British Conference, and, during his visit to the metropolis well- 
nigh sustained a serious financial loss. The entire contributions 
of British Methodism to Ireland, amounting to more than £600, 
had been entrusted to his care. This he deposited in a small 
hand-bag which he was wont to carry to and from Conference. 
One evening, on his way to his stopping-place, he hailed a passing 
glass coach, which he, whether from economy or modesty, dis- 
charged within easy walking distance of his lodgings. Thus 
the driver neither knew his starting-point nor his destination, 
nor did the minister know the cabman's stand or stable. When 
the latter had driven out of call the former was aghast to find 
that he had left his hand-bag, bank-notes and all, behind in the 
cab. Next morning he hastened to a printer's, and had placards 
struck oflF and stuck up over the city oflfering a handsome reward 
for the restoration of a valise left in a hackney-coach on the 
previous evening. Now Mr. Wood was, both in costume and port, 
so much more like Bishop Ryle's " first-class rector " than his 
'* half-educated meeting-parson " that it was some time before it 
occurred to the cabman or his counsellors that the left luggage 
might belong to one of the Methodist preachers assembled in 
the city. Conference was within a few hours of its close, and still 
no tidings of the missing bag. Mr. Wood was almost distracted. 
£600 was a sum which Irish Methodism could not dispense with, of 
which British Methodism could not afibrd to produce a duplicate, 
and which the worthy Representative could not tell how to raise. 
In his distress he had stolen out of Conference into the adjoining 
minister's house, of which the Rev. George Morley was then the 
occu][)ant. The kind-hearted brother was doing all that he could 
to comfort him, telling him there was no course left but to make 
known his trouble to the brethren, and trust their wisdom and 
kindness to find the best way out of it, when suddenly the 
despairing Representative shouted, "The valise! the valise!" 
and rushed hatless out into the street. Mr. Morley feared thai.t 
the bewildered hrotber'a intellect had for a time gWen ^^ireb^ xxxA^x 



46 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the pressure of his perplexity, till he saw him dart across the way 
to a man with a black bag in his hand. It had at last struck the 
cabman that the reverend gentleman who had left the bag behind 
might possibly be one of the Methodist preachers, and he was 
making his way to the chapel in search of its owner. The man 
seems not to have even speculated as to the contents of his find, 
and it had never crossed his mind that this could be the " valise " 
of the placards.* 

Such was a signal instance of integrity ; but not less marked 
was the following instance of dishonesty pardoned : There was 
a Eomanist, named Grant, in Maryborough Gaol, under sentence 
of death for robbery. He had pursued a wild and daring career 
of vice and crime, and had even escaped the grasp of justice, 
but after some time was recaptured. Some members of the 
Society made this wretched culprit a subject of special prayer, 
visitfid him, and brought before him his awful danger, so that 
he was aroused to a sense of his sinfulness, freely acknow- 
ledged his guilt, and was led in penitence of spirit to the 
foot of the Cross. He often said that if he had his life to live 
over again he would go through the kingdom warning sinners, 
and calling on them to turn to God ; " for," said he, " they 
would hear me if I told them all I had gone through, and the 
change God wrought in my heart." And at the gallows he 
exhorted the assembled multitude for more than an hour, con- 
fessing his sins, and expressing his confidence that God, for Christ's 
sake, had pardoned them. 

Castlederg appears now for the first time, in the Minutes of 
the Conference, as the head-quarters of a mission in the county of 
Tyrone. Although Methodism had long existed and flourished 
in the surrounding country, it had no position in the town, and the 
spirit of the preachers was often stirred within them as they 
passed through it on the Sunday mornings to their appointments, 
and observed how the people appeared to have no regard for the 
law of God or the claims of religion. At length a son of Mr. James 
Moore, of Drumclamph, settled there, and invited the servants of 
Christ to his house. Soon, through the influence and example of 
this godly man, and the labours of the itinerants, the whole aspect 
of the village changed, the moral tone of the people was raised, 

* WdsUyan Metkoditt Magazine, 1S86. 



CHAPTBB m. — 1822. 47 

and the foundation laid of a permanent and prosperous Methodist 
church. 

Messrs. George H. Irwin, Dawson D. Heather, and John Milligan 
were appointed by the Primitive Conference to the Cavan circuit, 
which embraced a wide extent of country, aflFording an ample 
field for an earnest and zealous evangelist like young Heather. 
He was not satisfied with going regularly round his appointments, 
performing his duties and nothing more. He looked beyond 
the sphere of his assigned labours to regions lying in darkness 
and the shadow of death, and longed to hold forth in them the 
light of Divine truth. This led him sometimes to break through 
prescribed rules, and give swing for the time being to his 
ardent, enterprising spirit. Thus on one occasion, having heard 
of a district of country inhabited by a number of Protestants who 
were living in ignorance and sin, he said to Mr. Milligan that 
it was impressed on his mind that he ought to visit and preach 
to these people, and they arranged to go together, giving up 
for the time being their regular appointments. Accordingly, 
they set off for the place, knowing nothing of any there, only 
that they were lost sinners, and needed the Gospel. God had 
been preparing the way for His messengers, so that on arriving 
they found a people ready to receive the truth. A very wicked 
man had had an awfiil dream, which aroused him to great anxiety 
about his soul, and excited the interest of his neighbours. 

The preachers went at once to see this awakened sinner, and 
not only spoke to him about his state and the means of 
deliverance, but also intimated to those who were in the house 
that if a place were aflForded they would preach Jesus to as 
many as would come to hear. A house was soon obtained, the 
whole locality was canvassed for a congregation, and when the 
time of service came a dense crowd assembled. Mr. Heather 
preached, the power of God descended on the people, 
and sinners cried aloud for mercy, so that the meeting 
conld not be closed until an early hour on the following 
morning. The whole population was moved as by one impulse, 
the congregations increased day after day, and numbers were 
led to the Saviour. In the meantime Mr. Irwin did not know 
where his young men had gone to or what had become of 
them. The regular places were disappointed^ i[i\uxi^xo\)& c«ai<» 



48 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

plaiDts were made, and the quarterly meetings approached with 
no one apparently to assist in conducting them. WTien the day 
of one of these services arrived Mr. Irwin was present, the 
people assembled, and as the meeting was about to begin a 
large number of people were seen approaching on the top of 
a distant hill. These were the young preachers, accompanied 
by men and women, some walking, others riding, and many 
driving, who had decided for God, and in the lovefeast bore 
grateful testimony to the grace of God. Mr. Irwin not only 
condoned the irregularity of his colleagues, but rejoiced in what 
God had done by them. 

Messrs. Hazleton, Remmington, and John Armstrong were 
appointed to the Enniskillen and Brookeborough circuit. Mr. 
Armstrong refers in his unpublished diary to the kind reception 
he met with from Mr. Hugh Copeland;* and on the list of 
stopping-places are found the familiar names of Messrs. Guthe- 
ridge of Drummee ; Noble Johnston, Bohevny ; John Wilkin, 
Magherahar ; John Halliday, Ballycassidy ; James Johnston, 
Currin ; John Earls, Aughaward ; William Armstrong, Inishmore ; 
Henry Copeland,* Lisbellaw ; John Hunter, Ballyreagh ; Adam 
Richey, f Camahinny ; Andrew Johnston, J Starraghan ; and 
Francis Russell, Drumbad More. Of Mrs. Russell, Mr. Armstrong 
writes, " She is a mother in Israel. I have hardly met her 
equal for good sense and sterling piety." In one house he met an 
old saint, who had met in class for fifty-five years, and was a 
spiritual child of John Smith, the Apostle of Methodism in Fer- 
managh. Of the circuit as a whole the young preacher says, " I 
find from within eight miles of Ballyshannon to Clogher about 
one thousand and fifty members, the lodging-houses in general 
respectable, and many openings, but no evenings to spare. The 
work of God is reviving, enlarging our classes and swelling our 
congregations." A widespread and blessed religious awakening 
did indeed take place, resulting in a large number of conversions. 
On September 22nd we read, " The quarterly meeting was held 
in Enniskillen ; the chapel was so full that the people had not room 
to stand, and there were many outside. The Lord filled the house 

♦ Brother of Rev. William Ck)peland. 
t Father of the Rev. William Bichej. 
f Father of the Bey. James Johnaton. 



CHAPTBB IIL — 1822. 49 

with His presence, and a few were made happy." Mr. Hazleton 
had preached a series of sermons on '^ Entire Sanctification/' 
which proved the means of quickening the leaders to a higher 
spiritual life, and thus the good work commenced, and then 
spread far and wide. Not a few of those converted subsequently 
rose to positions of influence and usefulness, in which they 
rendered most valuable aid to the Society. 

Matthew Lanktree, sen., laboured earnestly on the county of 
,. Down mission, and was cheered with tokens of spiritual prosperity. 
Notwithstanding much difficulty, he was enabled to continue the 
building of the new chapel at Comber, until December 22nd, when it 
was formally opened by Messrs. Charles Mayne and John F. Mathews, 
who preached with much pathos and power to crowded congregations. 
Charles Graham was reappointed to the county of Wexford, 
and on August 19th writes, " I had to return from the mission 
very unwell, and spent eight days at home, after which I set out 
to meet Messrs. Ouseley and Feely in the market of Gorey. As 
they were late in coming, I took to the saddle and faced the 
crowd, and then a local preacher held forth. But before he had 
done, the men whom we expected came up, and then you would 
imagine there was scarcely a particle of antichristian superstition 
but was exposed and swept away for ever. The field-meetings were 
astonishing. The Lord is paying those two men well for their 
labour of love. We had a great breaking down. The places are 
well watered. You would wonder to see so many Protestants in a 
coimtry place as we had at the field-meeting. The people are 
blessedly alive. Some are joining our classes, and some getting con- 
verted. Oh, what a mercy that any are making their escape from 
the world and the devil ! ' The kingdom of heaven suflFereth 
violence, and the violent take it by force.' " Again, on September 
19th the missionary writes, "A considerable time ago, as Mr. 
Mayne and I preached in the fair of Gorey, in the midst of 
shouting and laughter, the uproar became so great that many said 
they had not seen such a day since the rebeUion; to some it 
appeared that to address such a people was all labour in vain ; yet 
in the midst of the confasion the Lord was doing His work. A 
man who looked on and heard for himself was forcibly struck in 
observing ns exposing ourselves to reproach and insult, concluded 
that something more than ordinary must have mduced wa, «sid VXii^ 

VOL. JU, \ 



50 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

word preached sank so deeply into his heart that a saving change took 
place, and he has been ever since a steady member of our Society." 
That young man was John Byrne. Four months later Mr. Gbraham 
says, "Although every eflfort is made to prevent the Catholics 
from hearing, yet they do hear, and I believe feel the truth which 
is preached. The seed may appear for some time to be under the 
clods, but it will spring forth and bear fruit at last. On CShristmas 
morning a dispute arose between the priest and one of his 
parishioners, which led the former to attempt to strike the other, 
but was prevented. He then turned his vestments to curse the 
man, and opened a book to close it on him, when another person 
dashed the book out of his hand. It appeared that the man whom 
the priest struck kept a Bible, which was the secret of the scufSe, 
and his Reverence, to his great mortification, had to beg pardon 
for what he had done ; but the other declared he would never 
hear him again. The Bible is opening the eyes of the people, and 
I am resolved they shall hear in the streets. Crowds are hearing, 
tears flow apace, errors are exposed, and none dare to contradict. 
Many say it was in the street they were convinced of their lost 
condition. The prospect is good, and the end will be glorious." 

On December 18th Mr. Ouseley states that he was on his 
" sixth tour since Conference." The two first were through the 
counties of Wicklow, Wexford, Kilkenny, and Carlow, and closed 
at the end of September. During these journeys he preached in 
the markets, streets, and fields, from twelve to sixteen times each 
week, besides twice a day frequently in the chapels, and Mr. Feely 
did not do much less. Thus very many Romanists and others 
heard the Gospel for the first time, and with manifest emotion, 
while some were not afraid or ashamed to confess Christ. The 
next tour was through the county of Meath. The missionaries 
preached again and again, in the streets of Trim, to large numbers 
who were delighted to hear the Gospel in their own tongue. It 
appeared that the reading of the Scriptures in the jail had proved 
a great blessing to several of the prisoners, who, to the great 
alarm of the priests, abandoned the superstitions of Romanism. 
The fourth tour was through the counties of Westmeath and 
Longford. In the market of Mullingar and the street of Longford 
especially the audiences were large and deeply attentive, and there 
wejie several otber most encouraging meetings. In the fifth tour 



CHAPTER lU. — 1822. 51 

the servants of God parted, Mr. Feely taking the county of Loath 
etc., where he had good times, and Mr. Ouseley Kildare, King's 
and Queen's county, and Tipperary. He preached frequently, as 
usual, and was cheered by tokens of the Divine presence in awaken- 
ing power, leading several to become members of the Society. At 
Nenagh, in the street on a Sabbath, there were present a vast 
number of people, who listened with much attention and satisfac- 
tion, and who crowded the chapel in the evening. During the 
sixth tour the missionaries travelled together through the counties 
of Meath, Cavan, Tyrone, Armagh, and Monaghan ; and though 
at times the weather was very severe, they had large congrega- 
tions and much encouragement, especially at Killashandra, Clones, 
Cookstown, Armagh, and Monaghan. Mr. Ouseley also refers to 
having received a letter from a young man, trained for the 
priesthood, whom he had met, and who had renounced Popery. 

In a letter from Mr. Irons of the Primitive Wesleyans, Cork, 
dated October, he says, " I bless God His work is prospering on 
this and the Bandon circuits. Upwards of fifty members have 
been added to the Society since Conference, and some truly con- 
verted. Our last quarterly lovefeast was the best I have witnessed 
for a long time. We are building a neat preaching-house in 
Mallow, and brother Whittle one in Skibbereen." 

Mr. Revington, in a letter from Bandon, written at about the 
same time, says, " Since Conference we have added about forty to 
our Society, and our congregations have greatly increased. The 
religious feeling which prevails at our meetings encourages me to 
hope that much good will result. There is a visiting committee, 
consisting of some of the most pious and respectable members of 
our Society, who distribute tracts and copies of Wesley's sermons, 
amongst the Protestant inhabitants of the town, give religious 
advice, and invite the people to the means of grace. The members 
of Society also devote a few minutes each day to prayer that God 
may revive His work. To these means, together with prayer- 
meetings, which have been established in different parts of the 
town, we attribute, under God, our prosperity." 

Through the ministry of Mr. Revington, there was converted 
a young man, named George Thomas, then seventeen years of age* 
Consecrating himself fiilly to the service of God, he became a ver^ 
nsefbl member and office-bearer of the Society. T!\io\i^ ^"^ 



52 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

retiring habits, he threw himself with all his energies into the 
work, and the Lord greatly blessed his efforts. His simplicity of 
character was marked, and the influence he wielded, thoagh great, 
apparently unconscious. His devotional spirit and uninterrupted 
union with Christ led to a tranquillity of soul and self-control, which 
continued unmoved by severe and even sudden provocations. He 
was a generous contributor to the cause of God, and as life approached 
a close manifested a growing meetness for " the inheritance of the 
saints in light," his last words being, "Perfect peace — perfect peace." 
For twenty years he had been steward to the Earl of Bandon, 
who, with a number of the tenants on the estate, erected an ex- 
pensive and beautiful tablet to his memory in Ballymodan church. 
The Rev. Samuel Kyle having been incapacitated for work on 
the Skibbereen circuit by an accident, which well-nigh cost him 
his life, Fossey Tackaberry was sent to his assistance. A journey 
of one hundred and seventy-four miles on horseback, and made 
in safety, through strange and disturbed parts of the country, 
naturally excited in the youthful preacher emotions of the liveliest 
gratitude. " At Fermoy," where a chapel was erected this year, he 
says, " I met with a prodigy indeed, the head surgeon of the twenty- 
sixth regiment of foot rightly converted. A simpler, plainer, 
sweeter man I have not seen since I left home than Dr. Coldstream. 
He told me all about his conversion, which took place at Gibraltar."' 
It was market-day when Mr. Tackaberry arrived at Skibbereen ; 
and Irish being rarely spoken in his native place, it was passing 
strange to him not to hear a word of English during his progress 
through the crowded streets. The first day he laboured in the 
town afforded ground for hopeful anticipations. " I have now 
spent a Sabbath among this people," he says. " There are some 
precious souls here, and I had much freedom in speaking to them." 
On this circuit he had to ride every fortnight, from sixty to eighty 
miles on very bad roads, to preach twenty-two sermons, and to 
meet fourteen or sixteen classes. The wild and bleak scenery did 
not impress him favourably ; but among the people he felt at home 
and happy, having "uncommon liberty" in preaching almost in 
every place, and his whole soul was drawn out in earnest prayer that 
the Lord would revive His work. He was therefore soon cheered 
with tokens of prosperity — some were led to decide for God, several 
added to the Society ^ and the members in general much quickened. 



CHAPTER IV. 
1823. 

One of the truest friends of Irish Methodism was Dr. Adam 
Clarke, who never forgot his obligations to the Society, as oppor- 
tunity presented did his best to promote its welfare, and in times 
of gloom and darkness encouraged it to look forward to brighter 
days. On January 29th, 1823, he writes, "I thank God I have 
lived to some purpose in the Methodist Connexion. I have been 
the means of inducing the preachers in general to cultivate their 
minds, and to acquire a knowledge of the Greek and Hebrew 
Scriptures, so that we are likely soon to have not only a pious, but 
also a learned and efficient ministry. My letter on behalf of the 
Irish preachers is, I believe, well received, and I hope will be very 
productive. Mr. Bunting writes to me that he thinks it will get 
£1,000, and if so I shall thank God I ever wrote it. In my own 
hands it has produced not merely one pound, but forty times that 
sum. I took care to send it where I had reason to believe it 
would succeed. Irish Methodism will rise. Thank God, it is 
redeemed from its trammels. May it stand in the liberty where- 
with Christ has made it free, and in the old yoke of bondage may 
it never again be entangled ! " * 

Cheering reports appear as to the state of the work in various 
parts of the country. On January 18th Charles Graham says, 
"I would recommend all who can preach, more and more to 
preach out of doors. It is true the devil does not like it, nor does 
any man who confers with flesh and blood ; it is also true an 
uproar may betimes attend it, such I had in the street of Ennis- 
oorthy, on New Year's day. However, after the storm there 
succeeded a calm, the power of the Lord came down, and many 
were melted into tears. So it was in Gorey market last Saturday ; 

* Unpublisbed letter to the Bev. A. MacVey. 



I 



54 BISTORT OF METHODISM. 

some said they were never happier, and poor sinners were weeping 
on every hand." * 

On February 7th James Field writes from Cork, " The Lord 
greatly blesses the labours of Mr. Tobias ; the word comes with 
X^ower. Several obtain pardon, some purity. I have gained forty 
members during last year. The Tuesday class papers are full — 
not room for one more name. I am happy ; never more heartily 
engaged in my Lord's work." t Amongst those converted was 
Miss Harriet Moran, subsequently Mrs. James Hughes, who on the 
day following her decision for God sought the minister, and said 
she had come like the restored leper, who gave glory to God, that 
she might thankfully acknowledge the grace she had received. 
Mr. Tobias at once placed her in a suitable class. She also 
became a member of the bands, and in these fruitful means 
enjoyed hallowed fellowship with kindred spirits, grew up in the 
life of faith and love, " as willows by the water-courses," so that 
her sanctity, prayerfulness, and zeal, accompanied by all the 
charms of mental culture and winning grace, made an impression 
still fresh and fragrant.} 

On February 17th the Kev. George Hansbrow writes, from 
Killaloe, " I am surrounded, almost daily, with ' beasts of mur- 
derous prey ; ' every feeling is often harrowed with reports and 
realities of desperate scenes of woe, sufficient to make the Stoic 
feel, the patriot blush, and the Christian weep. If tears of blood 
could stop these appalling scenes it would be well indeed. Not- 
withstanding these things, and the commercial and agricultural 
distress of this country, there are not a few who find that Christ 
is precious, and many more are striving to give their hearts to 
Him. Those who attend the services appear to have a growing 
desire to hear, and evince a willingness to be reproved for their 
sin. Could I find proper leaders, much more good would be 
done." § 

John Feely, who was appointed to assist Gideon Ouseley on the 
general mission, states that in a tour from Aughnacloy to Tulla- 
more, commenced on December 23rd, during which they visited 

* Bcport rf Hibernian Mis9i4>nary Society , 1823, p. 36. 
t Memoirs of James Field, p. 76. 
t We$lei;^% Methodist Magastine^ 1860, p. 958. 
§ Wesle^an MetkodUt Magaadne, 1823, p< 486. 



CHAPTER IV.— 1823. 55 

Augher, Camahinny, Brookeborough, Enniskillen, Swanlinbar, 
Dnimshambo, Carrick-on-Shannon, Elphin, Koscommon, Bally- 
murray, Athlone, Moate, Kilbeggan, and Tyrrellspass, he was 
greatly encouraged to persevere in his arduous work as an Irish 
missionary ; for many Romanists heard the truth in these places 
with profit. One man said, " I will in future hear the Gospel 
from yoUj though I know I shall be dreadfully persecuted. Oh, 
do, sir, give me more advice how to obtain the salvation of my 
soul ! " Another said, " I have no much English at all, but you 
speak Irish, and I want to break my mind to you. I live here 
above, with one of the most civil men in Ireland, and the priest 
tells me he is a devil, and that I am a real devil because I hear 
him read the Scriptures. I bid him come and speak to him, if it 
was the devil, but he won't do that, but he will rail at me. God 
Almighty pity us, that we are under the paws of the priests. If a 
poor person die, they will leave his soul there in purgatory for ever 
and ever, unless they get the money some way or other. But if he 
be rich, and the money paid down, then they will say masses enough 
to get him out. They call me preacher, since I heard you last 
week ; but I don't care. What you said would put more of God's 
fear into a person's heart, and make him think more about his 
soul, than ever so many masses and things." * Such were some 
of the shrewd remarks of one of many just emerging out of the 
darkness and superstition of Popery. 

The Rev. Robert Bailey, who had been appointed to the 
Rathmullan mission, having been laid aside, John Feely was sent 
to take his place, and in giving an account of his work here he 
says he preached at Court to an aflFectionate people, who heard 
the word with joy and gratitude. At Rathmullan many attended, 
and listened with great attention, and the Society consisted of 
lively, serious Christians. At Glenleary he preached chiefly in 
Irish, as Roman Catholics were present. At Rawros, a hamlet in 
the mountains, into which the Gospel had been introduced a few 
years previously by the Methodist missionaries, a large number 
were present, who listened attentively. On the following morning, 
after having swum his horse across a river about half a mile broad, 
he discoursed in Glinsk, another village into which the Gospel 
had been introduced a few years previously, by the missionaries, 

* Hibernian Missionary Report^ 1823, p. %K» 



66 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

and where there was a small Society and a pretty large congre- 
gation. He also preached at the back of Muckish, " to a decent 
people," many of whom could not speak English, and who heard 
the word with attention.* 

At Annadale, where the cause had declined until it ceased to 
exist, a society was again formed by the Rev. William Foote, and 
its first members were Mr. and Mrs. James W. Slacke, the son 
and daughter-in-law of the sainted Mrs. Angel Anna Slacke, and 
their daughter, who each determined to give up the world and its 
vanities, and " to know nothing among men but Jesus Christ and 
Him crucified," and thus their abode became once more a house 
of prayer, t 

The Eev. Charles Graham thus describes the results of his five 
years' labours in the county of Wexford : " There are now eighty 
members on this mission — some convinced of sin, some converted, 
and a few who profess to having received sanctifying grace. In 
some places we have no class-meeting, for want of leaders or pray- 
ing members ; but there is every prospect that the Lord will raise 
up those who will assist in this way. There are three local 
preachers, zealous and useful, and three who can exhort, pray, 
and hold meetings. One of the local preachers was a Boman 
Catholic." t 

Similar reports of success are also given in connection with 
the labours of the Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Society. On 
the Maguiresbridge circuit there appears to have been an ex- 
tensive and gracious awakening, which commenced at Ballyreagh, 
on the evening of January 6th, when nine persons professed to 
have experienced " the peace which passeth all understanding ; " 
and the revival continued to spread far and wide. "I think," 
says Mrs. Herbert, " I never saw before a more general work of 
Grod. Our last quarterly meeting was one of the best I have ever 
been at. Many cried aloud for mercy, and numbers were filled 
with heavenly consolation." From Downpatrick Mr. Macafee 
writes, " Our congregations are greatly increased, new places 
have been opened, sinners convinced and converted, backsliders re- 
claimed, and many of the classes augmented in their membership. 

* Wesleyan Methodic Magazine, 1823, pp. 486-87. 
t Wesleyan MetkodUt Magazine, 1880, p. 731. 
/ The ApoeUe of Kerry, p. 231. 



CHAPTER IV.— 1823. 57 

Not a jaiTing string is heard, and our lovefeasts are extremely 
profitable ; " while in a letter from TuUamore, dated February 
11th, Mr. Wiley states that the societies on his circuit were 
generally increasing both in numbers and in piety. At 
Edenderry the place of meeting was too small to contain the 
congregations; but a new chapel was nearly completed, and a 
society of sixteen members had been formed, within a mile of the 
town.* 

It should perhaps be noted here that the chapel in Cookstown, 
which had been for nearly seven years in the hands of the 
Primitive Society, was regained by the Wesleyans. The lord of 
the soil. Colonel Stewart, M.P., having referred the case to Thomas 
Staples, Esq., K.C., for settlement, he decided that the landlord 
was bound **to grant a lease to those persons who represented 
the Conference, and as such were the genuine followers of 
Wesleyan Methodism." Accordingly, Mr. George Burrows had 
the gratification of conducting the re-opening service, when 
he preached from 1 Samuel xii. 24, to a large and attentive 
congregation. 

On Sunday morning, June 8th, after a stormy passage of 
twenty-three hours. Dr. Clarke arrived at Belfast, and preached 
twice that day in Donegal square chapel, to crowded audiences, 
including some of the leading clergy and gentry of the town. 
On the following day, at a social gathering, he met the preachers, 
stewards, leaders, and principal friends of the Society, and 
endeavoured to set them right on many matters, on which they 
had got very uneasy. " It was," he says, " a very solemn and 
affecting time, and all appeared determined to leave minor 
matters and considerations, and strive together for the hope of 
the Gospel, laying themselves out to be more useful to society 
at large, and to labour more abundantly to bring sinners to God." 
On some one proposing the question, " Is Methodism now what 
it was ? " Dr. Clarke answered in a way very difi^erent from what 
had been expected. " No," he said ; " it is more rational, more 
stable, more consistent, more holy, more useful to the community, 
and a greater blessing to the world at large ; " and this he found 
no difficulty in proving. 

From Bel£E»t the doctor proceeded to Magherafelt, and thftuc^ 

• PrimUive Waleyan Methodut Magazine, \B2a, p. \1^. 



58 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

to Maghera^ where he was earnestly requested to remain for the 
day and night. Having visited Goleraine, Antrim, and other 
provincial towns, he reached Dublin, and on the following 
Sabbath preached from Ist Timothy ii. 8, in Abbey street chapel, 
"to a noble congregation, solemnly attentive to every word." 
Owing to the disturbed state of the country, many of the friends 
thought it would not be safe for him to make his proposed 
journey in the South, so the preachers met to consult on the 
question, and make it a subject of prayer. All, except one, thought 
it not prudent for him to go ; but as Dr. Clarke also did not go 
with the majority, he started off, and on the 18th arrived at 
Cork in safety. On the following evening he attended the public 
anniversary of the Wesleyan Missionary Society. The chapel 
was very frdl, the audience most attentive, and a good influence 
appeared to rest on all present. Of Cork he says, " I find many 
deeply pious as well as sensible people in this place ; they enter 
into the spirit of the Gospel, and desire to receive its fulness." 
On Sunday, 22nd, he preached to very large congregations, from 
Colossians i. 27, 28, and Eomans i. 16. Next day he went to 
Bandon, to preach the anniversary sermons of the opening of 
the new chapel, and says he had one of the loveliest congre- 
gations he had seen in Ireland, and had much freedom and 
power in urging the exhortation in Jude 20 and 21. The 
time was solemn, the congregation deeply attentive, and God 
bore testimony to His own truth. Dr. Clarke then returned to 
Dublin, and records the following reflections, as the result of 
his observations : " The Soman Catholic population of Ireland is 
in general in very great misery, and this is chiefly occasioned, 
not by any political incapacities under which they labour, but 
through a bad creed, which prevents the cultivation of their 
minds; for among the Koman Catholics education is greatly 
proscribed, and therefore they know nothing of the management 
of their own minds, and become the tools of the priests. Thus 
through want of knowledge the people are easily misled, and 
through the strength of their passions they are readily employed 
in acts the most desperate, and schemes the most preposterous." * 
The Wesleyan Conference commenced on Friday, June 27th. 
Dr. Clarke presided, and was assisted by the Rev. John Stamp, 

* lAfQ ot Adam Clarke, iii., pp. 49—65. 



CHAPTER IV. — 1823. 59 

whom the British Conference had appointed to accompany him 
for that purpose. The Eev. Samuel Wood was elected secretary. 
The usual business was transacted with the utmost harmony 
and aflfection, and the gracious presence of God was largely ex- 
perienced. Nathaniel Hobart of the Dunmore mission, who had 
been called out during the year as a supply on the Dungannon 
circuit, was admitted as having travelled twelve months ; and 
John S. Wilson of Hacketstown, John Haire of Sligo, Henry 
Price, James B. Gillman, and Fossey Tackaberry were received 
on trial. One death was reported, that of William Copeland, 
who, after much suffering, endured with great patience, had 
quietly Mien asleep in Jesus on Sunday, September 22nd, 1822, 
aged forty years. 

There was a decrease in the membership of six hundred and 
seventy-nine, which, together with the state of the country, is 
thus referred to in the Address to the British Conference : " We 
cannot but feel pained that, after the lapse of another year, the 
spirit of insurrectionary faction has not subsided in our country. 
In some districts outrages very disgraceful to our national 
character, have prevailed to an alarming extent. It was hoped 
that a lenient administration of our salutary laws, together with 
the prompt benevolence of Great Britain in the day of adversity 
and feimine, would have checked the progress of crime, and have 
allayed those prejudices which have been kept alive by designing 
men ; but we regret that in the attainment of this desirable 
object we have been disappointed. Many of our beloved 
brethren, in the disturbed parts, have been exposed to imminent 
danger. They have not, however, in any instance declined from 
their regular course, nor shrunk from the call of their ministerial 
duty. And though * in joumeyings often, in perils by our own 
countrymen, in weariness and painfulness, in watchings often,' 
yet God hath made a way for our escape, comforted us in our 
tribulations, and preserved us to the praise of His glory. 
Notwithstanding that undeniable facts afford a gloomy repre- 
sentation of the state of our beloved country, we are not in 
despair, but indulge the encouraging anticipation of beholding 
a brighter scene, when we shall be made 'glad according 
to the days wherein we have been afflicted and the y^^x* 
wherein we have seen evil,' and when, after \iavmg ^'^Kyim. Vs. 



60 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

tears/ we shall * reap in joy.' This expectation is considerably 
strengthened by many gracious visitations vouchsafed to our con- 
gregations during the past year, and by a deepening of the work 
in many of our Societies. Our decrease in numbers must be 
attributed, not to a decline of the work of God, but to a variety of 
local circumstances, which have unsettled many families, and to 
emigration, by which alone we have been deprived of nearly five 
hundred of our dear people. The report of our Irish mission has 
this year afforded increasing satisfaction. God has blessed the 
labours of our missionaries, and new and promising openings 
present themselves. We have made considerable improvement 
on the stations, by increasing the number of our preachers, and 
confining and concentrating their labours." * 

Two new committees of ministers and laymen were appointed 
at this Conference — one to carry into more effectual operation the 
resolutions of the preceding Conference for promoting Sunday- 
schools, and the other for " selecting and providing tracts " for 
distribution throughout the country.! 

As to public services, we observe that on Sunday, June 29th, 
Dr. Clarke preached from John iv. 24, in Abbey street chapel, to 
an exceedingly large congregation. He says he had reason to 
believe that not a few of his deeply attentive hearers, during the 
discourse, " came even unto His seat, and received both light and 
knowledge." On the following Sabbath the learned doctor 
occupied the pulpit of Whitefriar street chapel, and selected for 
his text Philippians i. 9 — 11 . "A vast crowd of people of all distinc- 
tions — clergy, ministers, and some functionaries of state '* — ^were 
present. At the ordination service " the congregation was" large 
and earnestly attentive," each candidate, with the utmost sim- 
plicity of spirit, narrated his religious experience, and the 
President used the form of the Church in ordaining priests. The 
hearers were all much affected and edified, and the preachers 
found it to be a time of fresh anointing from God. The annual 
public meeting of the Missionary Society proved an occasion of 
much interest and profit. And when the business of the Conference 
ended the members partook of the Jjord's Supper together, and it 
was also a time of great refreshing from the presence of the Lord. 

The members of the Primitive Wesleyan Conference, nomber- 

* MinntcB of the IrUh Conference, ii., pp. 140-43. t ^^* P- 107. 



CHAPTER IV. — 1823. 61 

ing nearly sixty, assembled on June 25th, with the Rev. Adam 
Averell in the chair, and Mr. Robert Smith secretary. There had 
been one death in the ranks of the itinerants — that of William 
Little, a man of zeal and integrity, who after a painful and 
protracted affliction, borne with Christian fortitude, died in peace. 
A decrease of three hundred and ten was reported in the member- 
ship, which was attributed solely to the distresses and distrac- 
tions of the country, which had compelled hundreds of the members. 
to seek a more peaceful asylum in a distant land. During the 
year many new channels had been opened for conveying the 
stream of Gospel truth, and several new Societies had been 
formed. In considering the general state of the cause, the Con- 
ference found occasion of thankfulness in the degree of stability 
with which the great Head of the Church had so blessed them. 
Through the zealous exertions of the stewards and representatives, 
the Connexion was kept free from debt, except for the erection 
of new buildings. During the year preaching-houses had been 
opened at Waterford, Mountrath, Ballyshannon, Strangford, and 
Moate. Numerous and attentive auditories were present at the 
various public services, and the presence of the Lord was specially 
manifested at the meeting for receiving the preachers who had 
passed the usual term of probation. At the Conference lovefeast 
cheering information was given of the progress of the work on 
several circuits, and of some blessed revivals in which many had 
been converted to God. During the sessions of the Conference 
the attention of the preachers and representatives was particularly 
directed to the necessity of encouraging, by every means in their 
power, the study of the Holy Scriptures, and also the promotion 
of Sunday-schools, in order to which special public meetings 
were held. 

The state of Ireland evidently occupied the serious attention 
of the British Conference, and led to the employment of additional 
preachers. Hence we find the following passage in the Answer to 
the Address of the Irish Conference : " Convinced as we are of the 
inadequacy of the present means to the mental and moral wants 
of a vast portion of the population of Ireland, who are perishing 
for lack of knowledge, we have agreed to increase the number of 
Irish missionaries from eleven to twenty-one, who are to preach 
(as much as possible in the Irish language^ to \X\ca^ o\ ^wa 



62 HI8T0BT OF MBTHODItSM. 

countrymen who could not otherwise enjoy a regular ministry of 
the word, and to establish day-schools, in addition to those already 
under your care, for the instruction of children in the principles 
of our holy religion." The Rev. Valentine Ward was appointed 
to visit the mission-stations for the purpose of encouraging the 
opening of these schools, and inspecting those previously esta- 
blished. The special object of these humble institutions was to 
combine religious with secular instruction in remote and sparsely 
populated regions. The teachers were nearly all local preachers, 
and proved in many instances eminently useful. 

Fossey Tackaberry was appointed to Queen's county, and his 
very " entrance in " was not " in vain." Early in August he 
writes that he had already witnessed three conversions. Soon 
afterwards, at Mountrath, having preached three times to large 
congregations, one Sabbath, and met two classes, he announced a 
prayer-meeting, inviting the penitents to come to it on the 
following morning. The power of the I^ord was present to heal — 
four persons obtained pardoning mercy, and several followed the 
young preacher to a place within two miles of the town, where, 
at class-meeting, after the public service, a young man professed 
to have received the evidence of his acceptance with God. A little 
later Mr. Tackaberry writes, " Our circuit is certainly looking up. 
One Sabbath evening I preached in Abbey leix, on Revelation vi. 17. 
Two young men were awakened under that sermon, one of 
whom found peace two weeks subsequently, the other is still 
seeking. They are both the sons of leaders, and both began at 
once to meet in class." On Christmas day the congregations in 
Mountrath were unusually large, and the indications hopeful. At 
the lovefeast on the following day Mr. Downing preached, Mr. 
Tackaberry says, one of the best sermons he ever heard ; and such 
an overwhelming sense of the Divine presence was felt in the 
aft«r-meeting as he had not witnessed before in this district 
of country. Nearly all present declared they never were so happy 
previously, and many in the classes began to speak of entire 
sanctification. One of those converted at Abbeyleix was Robert 
Dobbs, who twelve years subsequently was appointed a leader, and 
for thirty-five years — until the Lord called him hence — discharged 
the duties of his office with marked fidelity and acceptance."*^ 

* Iruh Evangeliit, 1871, p. 72. 



CHAPTER IV.— 1823. 03 

On October 30th Charles Graham writes, from Athlone, " Mr. 
Banks has been very ill, and I hear Mr. Steele is not well. We 
had the Rev. Valentine Ward here, and he gave great satisfaction 
to all who heard him. I have been preaching a good deal in Irish 
at some of my places. There is a Boman Catholic young man 
who hears me ; he has bought a Bible, and now doubts the Romish 
doctrines. The army seems much on the alert." 

The Rev. William Reilly, who was stationed on the Galway and 
Rosconmion mission, visited Sligo, where he not only preached, 
but also spoke with great eflfect at a meeting of the Bible Society, 
presided over by Lord Roden, and also addressed by the Rev. 
William Urwick. As Mr. Reilly returned home, when near Boyle, 
a shot was fired at either him or his horse, but providentially 
neither was injured.* " The Angel of the Lord encampeth round 
about them that fear Him, and delivereth them." 

Messrs. George Burrows and John Armstrong were appointed 

to the Monaghan and Aughnacloy circuit. The former says, 

"The Lord granted us peace and some degree of prosperity, 

although throughout this country the spirit of dixasion had spread 

its influence, and its wounds rankled." Mr. Armstrong, however, 

gives fuller details. Of Aughnacloy he observes, " Never was I 

better pleased with any Society than this. Here we have'sincerity, 

simplicity, respectability, and genuine piety. There is a large 

congregation, about fifty in Society, besides a class of twenty 

children, and six houses to lodge the preachers. We have also 

nearly one hundred subscribers of one penny each weekly to the 

missions ; and this work is managed by a committee of ladies, Mrs. 

Captain Moore being president, Mrs. M'Adam treasurer, and Miss 

M^Kay secretary." At Rockcorry he states, " We have a few 

steady friends, a good congregation, and an excellent house of 

worship." Concerning Kilmore he writes, " It is a long time 

since the Gospel was first preached in this village, and though 

Methodism has not made the progress it might have done, yet 

many have gone from this village to their reward through the 

labours of the Society." In Lisnawery and Hamilton's Bawn, he 

says, " there are large congregations of attentive hearers," while 

of the Society he had formed at the latter, three years previously, 

the majority stood firm, and now consisted of two classes, with forty 

'. ♦ IruA Mvangelut, 1868, p. 140. ~ 



64 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

members. He seldom had been in a town so free from prejudice 
as Augher, so that in visiting from house to house he was kindly 
received by every one except one young man, who when invited to 
the service, said, "Bad as I am, 1 am not that bad yet." At 
Derryroosk a new class of fourteen members was started, and at 
AghnamuUen an old one that had been reduced to one, Hugh 
Wilson, was increased to twenty-five or thirty. One of these, 
brought into connection with Methodism and converted, was a 
young man named James Hughes, who subsequently entered 
the itinerancy, and rendered long and valuable service to the 
cause. 

There was a blessed revival of religion in the district of country 
about Ballynaooy, and many became anxious about salvation, and 
united themselves to the people of God. The holy fire spread 
from place to place, until large numbers were turned " from dark- 
ness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God." This 
gracious movement resulted to a great degree from the Divine 
blessing on the Sunday-school, where it appears to have originated, 
and by means of which the people were prepared for it.* 

The reports from various circuits of the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society, during the second six months of this year, were of a most 
cheering character. From Enniskillen Mr. Buttle writes that at 
the September quarterly meetings the Holy Spirit was present, 
both to wound and to heal. Thus a gracious religious awakening 
commenced, during which many were turned to the Lord. These 
included some of the most abandoned sinners. One old gentle- 
man, in particular, who had been a cock- fighter and most ungodly, 
was made the subject of Divine grace, and became as remarkable 
for devotedness to God as he had been for recklessness and 
sin. Concerning Maguiresbridge Mr. William Browne reports 
that the greater part of the circuit was prospering, and that many 
souls had been brought to a saving knowledge of God. Mr. 
Pattyson, who was appointed to Newtownstewart, states that his 
circuit was flourishing ; they had formed four or five new classes ; 
the congregations in Strabane, Fintona, and Newtownstewart were 
considerably increased, and the word preached did not fall to the 
ground. Mr. Bichard Bobinson of Belfast says, " We have an 
increase of thirty members since Conference. This, with the 

* Wesleffan Methodist Magazine^ 1853, pp. 515-16. 



CHAPTER IV. — 1823. 



65 



opening of our new chapel in Antrim, where the prospect is 
delightful, and the putting up of a gallery in our house in Belfast 
has given additional extension and permanence to our cause in 
these parts." 

From the south and west the intelligence was equally en- 
couragiug. In Waterford Mr. Eevington found the congregations 
and the Sunday-school, established by Mr. West, increasing, and 
many members added to the Society. At Bandon it appeared 
that the good work deepened and spread. There was scarcely a 
class which had not some additional members, and some new 
preaching-places were opened in the adjoining country. Similar 
reports were also sent from Longford, Clonmel, Cloughjordan, and 
Boscrea, while in Dublin " crowded and serious auditories attended 
the ministry of the word." * 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodic Mugazine^ 1823, pp. 357-59. 



noL, m. 



CHAPTER V. 

1824. 

Early in the year 1824 death made sad havoc in the ranks of the 
Wesleyan preachers, no less than three being called hence within 
about as many months. The first of these was the fearless and 
faithful Samuel Steele, who in Dublin, on January 10th, in the 
meridian of his strength and influence, died in the full triumph 
of faith. His remains were interred, amid the tears and lamenta- 
tions of thousands, in the Cabbage Garden ; and a funeral sermon 
was preached for him, by the Rev. Samuel Wood, in Whitefriar 
street chapel, to a vast congregation, including ministers, stewards, 
leaders, members of the Strangers' Friend Society, and children 
of the Orphan School. The second death was that of a humble 
and devoted man, William Gilcriest, who, owing to serious illness, 
had been obliged to retire from the active work two years pre- 
viously, but having somewhat recovered, went to fill a vacancy on 
the Manorhamilton circuit, where he got cold from hardship, and 
on February 25th, at Swanlinbar, died in peace. The third of 
those removed to their eternal reward was Charles Oraham, an 
aged veteran, who having travelled as a missionary for nearly 
thirty-four years, died at Athlone on April 23rd, in holy triumph. 
" His powerful appeals to street congregations were pathetic, and 
sometimes overwhelming; the multitudes heard, trembled, and 
fell before him." 

Some cheering glimpses are given of the labours and successes 
of those engaged in the work of the itinerancy. The Rev. Fossey 
Tackaberry writes, " Although I cannot say with Bramwell, ^ I 
see some saved every night,' thank God, I can say I see some 
saved every round." Again, "The Mountrath meeting was a 
blessed one indeed. Many declared that they never had seen 
sucb a meeting previously. Our house, ground floor and gallery, 



CHAPTER v.— 1824. 67 

was very full daring the lovefeast, and all felt that Crod was there. 
We had a few testimonies to entire sanetification, and several 
hungering after it; and we had a cloud of witnesses clearly 
testifying that Christ hath power on earth to forgive sins. Two 
received a conscious pardon during the meeting. Mr. Downing 
says he saw nothing like it since he came, nor does he think the 
circuit was in so good a state these ten years." While at Abbeyleix, 
such was the prosperity of the cause that the erection of a new 
chapel was rendered necessary, for which a suitable site, on easy 
terms, was obtained from Lord De Vesci, and the project carried 
out.* 

The Rev. John Armstrong writes, " February 8th. Thijj 
day we had the Sacrament in Monaghan for the first time. At 
preaching the house was filled, and between forty and fifty came 
forward to the Lord's table. It was a time of refreshing." And 
again, "In Monaghan we are rising in every sense. We have 
got a tract society formed, with Samuel Eichardson as president, 
and Thomas Hetherington, who has lately joined us, as secretary." 
While at Castleblayney, in the neat chapel recently erected, there 
was a large congregation.! 

Even at this early period an earnest effort was made to arrest 
the prc^ess of intemperance, profanity, and Sabbath desecration. 
At Bandon a number of leading Methodists, including John 
Wheeler Sullivan and George Harris, consented to act as over- 
seers, and see that the laws with regard to profane swearing, the 
observance of the Lord's day, and the hours for the sale of 
intoxicating drinks were enforced. Many delinquents were 
summoned before the magistrates and fined, which resulted in a 
considerable and marked improvement in the morality of the 
town. These faithful maintainers of law and order continued 
their labours until they were rendered unnecessary by the appoint- 
ment of paid police. Meanwhile, however, a considerable sum of 
money was obtained firom fines, and this was applied to the 
establishment of a loan fund, which has proved a means of still 
further benefit. 

The Committee appointed in 1822 for the liquidation of the 
debt of the Wesleyan Connexion issued its report this spring, 

♦ life and Labours of Rev. F. Tackaheiry, \>p, %^-o. 
t Vnpablisbed Diary of Rev. J. Annstrowg. 



68 HISTOKY OF METHODISM. 

signed by Henry Heney, secretary. From this document it 
appears that it had been hoped that a sum of £1,000 would have 
been raised annually by special subscriptions, which in eight years 
would have relieved the Society of its liabilities ; but this expecta- 
tion was not realized. However, during the year 1822-23 nearly 
five hundred pounds was collected, and applied to the object 
contemplated. It was then proposed to borrow money from such 
friends as might be disposed to lend, free of interest, to invest it, 
and repay it at the end of ten years ; but this expedient failed. 
The first plan was therefore again adopted, and an earnest appeal 
made for practical assistance. The Committee had also entered 
into a correspondence with the creditors, in order, if possible, to 
reduce the rate of interest from six to five per cent., and met with 
an encouraging reception. 

The Wesleyan Conference met on June 25th. The Rev. Henry 
Moore presided, and was accompanied by the Eevs. Robert Newton, 
Valentine Ward, and Joseph Taylor. The Rev. Andrew Hamilton, 
jun., was elected secretary. Of fifteen candidates proposed for the 
ministry, six received appointments. These were Claudius Byrne, 
James Patterson, James Sullivan and Joseph Crofts of the 
Newtownbarry circuit, Robert Beauchamp of Limerick, and John 
Nash. The health of Crofts gave way during the year, so that he 
was obliged at length to retire from the work, and a few years 
later he died happy in God. Aft^er filling up the vacancies 
occasioned in the membership by deaths, emigrations, which had 
largely prevailed, and other causes, there was a small increase ; 
while it was found that an increasing spirit of unity prevailed in 
the societies, pecuniary embarrassments were considerably lessened, 
and the Head of the Church smiled on the labours of His servants. 
The pain and depression of the long-continued agitation appeared 
to have passed away, and a cheerful tone was observable every- 
where. 

At the previous Conference a Sunday-school Committee had 
been appointed, and this year appear in the Minutes, doubtless 
as the result of its work, the first authoritative statistics of the 
number of Methodist Sunday-schools and scholars, being one 
hundred and thirty-eight schools, and nine thousand one hundred 
and ninety-one scholars ; but the Committee was not reappointed. 
Jt was arranged that the Conferences should thenceforward meet 



CHAPTER V. — 1824. 69 

in Cork and Belfast as well as in Dublin. The annual missionary 
meetings held in Abbey Street Chapel, proved a service of unusual 
interest. The President of the Conference occupied the chair, 
and addresses were delivered to a large audience by the Revs. 
Eobert Newton, B. W. Mathias, and Valentine Ward, together with 
James Heald, Esq. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference met on June 30th, and 
nearly sixty preachers and lay representatives were present. 
George Emerson of Bandon, James Morrow of Ball3Jamesduff, 
Robert Kane of Clones, Daniel Henderson of Ballyconnell, Edward 
Sullivan of Ballyshannon, and James Craig of Charlemont were 
received on trial. There was a decrease of six hundred and 
ninety-three in the total number of members. " The reports of 
the missionaries respecting the progress of religion, on their 
diflFerent stations, however, were of the most cheering nature." 
Two large public meetings were held, at which important speeches 
were delivered on the subject of education, and from which good 
results were anticipated. Although no death had taken place 
during the year in the ranks of the itinerants, the Conference had 
not long concluded its sittings when one of the members, 
Alexander Anderson, was suddenly called hence. He was on his 
way to his new circuit, and having travelled safely as far as 
Downpatrick, his horse took fright, and he was so injured that he 
survived only an hour. His last words were, " Blessed be God, I 
have peace through our Lord Jesus Christ." 

For some years prior to this period the Methodist New 
Connexion had a few congregations in Ulster, the people being 
assisted in the maintenance of their preachers by their friends in 
England. But this year the Conference selected this country as a 
field ;of missionary enterprise. The following resolution, which 
was adopted, indicates the new arrangement: "The Conference, 
sincerely deploring the ignorance, superstition, and misery preva- 
lent in Ireland, and believing that a field there presents itself in 
which the Methodists of the New Connexion, as well as Christians 
of other denominations, may exert themselves to advance the 
interests of the Redeemer's kingdom and promote the salvation 
of immortal souls, resolves. That the institution denominated 
the * Home Missionary Society ' be henceforth exclusively devote 
to the support of mission&ry labours in Ireland" ^V^ ^T&«t^^^i«. 



70 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

of the following year developed the plan in its details, appointed 
a committee to conduct the business of the mission, and resolved 
on sending an English preacher to superintend the labours of the 
missionaries. 

The first recorded public missionary meeting in Bandon was 
held on August 26th, when it was reported that £78 had been 
raised on the circuit, during the prexious year, for the funds of 
the Society. The Rev. Henry Deery presided, and addresses were 
delivered by the Eevs. Matthew Tobias, Thomas Lougheed, John 
Wilson, jun., and Matthew Lanktree, jun., together with Messrs. 
Thomas Bennett, William Barry, and Thomas Beamish.t 

On the illness and death of Mrs. William Barry, in this town, 
her class was placed under the care of Miss Eliza AUworth, 
a most devoted and exemplary member of the Society. She 
sustained with zeal and efl&ciency the office to which she was thus 
called for nearly forty-three years, when she was taken to the 
Church above. Her father had been a very wicked man, but, in 
infinite mercy, was at length converted, so that his excellent wife 
could joyfully and gratefully say, " The lion has become a lamb.' 
Miss Jane AUworth was also deeply pious, and a very beautiful 
ginger. With such sweetness, pathos, and power was she wont to 
sing for Jesus that the memory of anthems and other sacred 
songs, sung by her, is still fresh and fragrant in the town. Her 
career, however, was much shorter than that of her sister. 

In the west, on the Skibbereen circuit, a youth was led to 
religious decision, and since then he has rendered most important 
and valuable service to Irish Methodism. James H. Swanton had 
been in the habit of attending meetings in the house of his 
grandfather at Gortnagrough, and having heard that a service was 
about to be held by a queer man at Lisheenacrehig, he, accom- 
panied by a Roman Catholic, went to hear the stranger, William 
Feckman. The word preached was accompanied with marvellous 
power; every one present seemed to be deeply impressed, and 
amongst others, young Swanton was awakened to a sense of his 
sinfulness and danger, and on his return home threw himself on 
his knees before the throne of mercy, and after some time realized 
peace and joy in believing. The Romanist, who also went to the 

* Jubilee of the Methodist New ConnexioD, p. 169, 
f If e^/fya» Methodic Magazine, lS2i, ]^, 7S5. 



CHAPTEB V. — 1824. 71 

service, subsequently emigrated to America, joined the Methodist 
Church, and died rejoicing in the Lord his Saviour. 

The Rev. Robert Banks was appointed a supernumerary, and 
settled in Athy. The cause was then very low in the town, but 
now soon revived. There was a rent on the chapel of £3 or £4 
per annum, which had been allowed to remain unpaid until it 
amounted to £40 or £50, due to the landlord, the Duke of Devon- 
shire. Mr. Banks took this matter up, waited on his Grace when 
he came to the town, and laid the case before him. The Duke 
said he would look at the chapel, came down and entered it, took 
off his hat reverently, and at length said, " No claim shall be 
made for the amount due, and the rent in future shall be only 
twenty shillings per annum." The Sunday-school, held in the 
chapel, was under the superintendence of the Rev. Frederick S. 
Trench, one of the curates, while the other, the Rev. Mr. Bristow, 
frequently attended the preaching services, and even waited for 
class-meeting. When asked why he did so, he replied, " Many of 
my people go there, and I must hear what is said to them.** Mr. 
Trench subsequently .became narrow and exclusive in his views, 
and removed the school, so the Methodists separated from the 
Church, and prospered. 

The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry was appointed to the Boyle and 
Killashandra circuit, where although there was much to discourage, 
the prospects soon began to brighten. In October he writes of 
" encouraging hopes of a revival," " great congregations," and " an 
unusual sense of the Divine presence," and in Carrick-on-Shannon, 
where a chapel had been erected two years previously, " a great 
outcry." A month later, he says, there was " no small stir " in 
several localities. "We have blessed prospects. The congrega- 
tions are amazing, especially in Carrick-on-Shannon, and some 
have joined the class there every week, for some time. There is 
a marvellous move among the people." ♦ 

The Rev. Matthew Lanktree, sen., was appointed to the Bally- 
mena mission, which included a considerable portion of the 
counties of Antrim and Derry, and found that while a few societies 
did well, the cause in general was low. Soon, however, the Lord 
revived His work. Indications of the approaching religions 
awakening first appeared in connection with the happy death of 

• Lite and Labonre of Rev. F. Tackaberry, pp. ^b-%^. 



72 HISTORY OF^'l^THODISM. 

Thomas Moore, one of the oldest leaders in the town. His mantle 
seemed to fall on the young people who knew him, several of 
whom joined the Society, and began to run for the prize of their 
high calliDg. A few backsliders also, who had wandered from God 
and withdrawn from association with His people, were restored to 
the joys of His salvation. At Bellaghy, Castledawson, and Mag- 
herafelt " blessed doors of usefulness were opened," and the Lord 
poured out His Spirit in converting power. To such an extent did 
the work increase and extend that an earnest application was made 
to the Missionary Committee for help. When this failed, recourse 
was made to prayer, that the Lord of the harvest would send forth 
labourers, and not in vain. A Mr. John Peters joined the Society, 
took charge of a mission school, and rendered valuable help in con- 
ducting services in the neighbourhood of Carnlea. In Castledawson 
Mr. John Saul, then a revenue officer, came to the assistance of 
the missionaries, and proved a zealous labourer in the vineyard, 
and George Keevan, another local preacher, was also raised up. 
At Magherafelt the services were held in the school-house, an 
inconvenient place, in a narrow lane ; but the Lord did not despise 
the day of small things, nor withhold His presence and blessing. 
The schoolmaster, Mr. James Seymour, preached with success, and 
Mr. Andrew Campbell,* who subsequently entered the ministry of 
the Established Church, began to exercise his talents with accept- 
ance. The little thatched house of worship at Bellaghy became 
too small for the people who thronged to the services, and Provi- 
dence opened the way for securing larger and better premises, t 

The accounts furnished by the Primitive Wesleyan preachers, 
of their work, were encouraging. Mr. William Pattyson says that 
the September quarterly meetings at Newtownstewart, Strabane, 
and Fintona were largely attended and greatly acknowledged of 
God, so that at each souls were won for Christ. Such a blessed 
and cheering service as that at Fintona the itinerant had not 
attended during the thirteen years he had been a Methodist, 
while throughout the circuit there was a marked increase of vital 
godliness. On the Clones circuit Mr. John Mallin secured the 
services of an additional preacher, in order that he himself might 
be free to give himself wholly to missionary work. He was thus 

* Son of the Bey. Archibald Campbell. 
f Laziktree*8 NariatiYe, pp. 329-38. 



CHAPTER V. — 1824. 73 

enabled to open twenty-six new preaching-places, and to form six 
new classes, with about one hundred members. Amongst other 
places, the servant of God visited Cootehill, where the Society 
had no cause, preached in the Presbyterian meeting-house, and 
arranged for a service to be held every Sunday morning by one of 
the leaders, who travelled nine miles for that purpose.* The 
Society had for some time been looking out for a suitable site on 
which to erect a preaching-house in Monaghan, and at length 
having secured one, Mr. Bichard Jackson built a neat and com- 
modious chapel, at a cost of about three hundred pounds. Four- 
teen years previously a school was also erected in the town by this 
generous Christian gentleman. In 1821 he built a second and 
larger one, and some years subsequently he paid half the expense 
of building a chapel at Clontibret, the remaining portion being 
given by Mr. Andrew Swanzy.t The preaching-house at Monaghan 
was opened on Sunday, November 14th, by the Rev. Adam Averell. 

At Portstewart a neat chapel was opened on Sunday, September 
26th, by the Rev. Charles Mayne, who preached an excellent 
sermon, from Genesis xxviii. 17, to a large and deeply attentive 
congregation. This was the first place of worship built in the 
village, and was erected on a good site, which, with a handsome 
subscription, was the gift of Mr. John Cromie.J 

The Rev. George Morley, one of the general secretaries of the 
Missionary Society, having been appointed by the Conference to 
visit the mission-stations in Ireland, did so in October, and the 
following particulars are taken from his report : At Dunlavin, to 
which the Rev. Andrew Taylor had been appointed, on his 
entering on his work three months previously, there was not a 
chapel or room to preach in or a member to receive him ; but now 
he preached in seven villages, had many attentive hearers, and 
twenty who met in class. At Killaloe and Kilrush two young 
men were diligently employed in preaching to eighteen congrega- 
tions, many of whom otherwise would have been entirely 
neglected. On the Gal way station each of the missionaries, the 
Revs. John Feely and James Sullivan, travelled more than two 
hundred and fifty miles each month, and preached to eighteen 



* PHmUive Wesleyan MethodUt Magazine, 1824, pp. 364-65. 

t Ibid, 1834, pp. 170-4. 

X Wedeyan MethodUt Magazine, 1826, p. %%%, 



74 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

congregations, with about five hundred hearers. During the 
quarter forty-three members had been admitted into the Society, 
and thirty on trial. At Banagher the Rev. Arthur Noble 
had nine congregations and four schools, with two hundred 
and sixty-six scholars, one hundred and forty-nine of whom were 
the children of Koman Catholic parents. At Trim Mr. Morley 
heard the general missionaries preach in the street, and says it 
was solemn and affecting to hear them read verse after verse of 
the 10th of Komans, Ouseley in the Douay, and John S. Wilson 
in the Authorized Version, while the former made comments on 
each passage.* 

While Mr. Feely was on the above mission the following 
incident occurred : One day, on visiting the marble quarries at 
Oughterard, he was courteously received by a gentleman connected 
with the property, and shown many of the exquisite specimens. 
As he left, the missionary remarked, " This place reminds me 
of the New Testament." " How so ? " inquired the other. " Be- 
cause the exterior is plain and unpromising, but within it is full 
of wealth and beauty." This observation so impressed the gentle- 
man that he invited the stranger to Oughterard House, where he 
was kindly and cordially received. Here, it soon appeared, 
a Romish ecclesiastic had also gained access, and ingratiated 
himself among the younger members of this Protestant femily. 
One young lady in particular, under the persuasion that she must 
inevitably perish unless she belonged to the Catholic Church, he 
had all but won over to Popery. Mr. Feely not only disabused 
her mind, but furnished her with inquiries and arguments which 
the emissary of Rome was unable to answer, and thus an accom- 
plished young lady was rescued from soul-destroying error, and 
won for Christ.f 

Promoters of the circulation of the Word of God and of 
Scriptural education were now specially active. Public meetings 
were held in nearly every town and village, for the establishment 
of branches of the Bible Society or for the reception of annual 
reports, and at these services the speakers generally expatiated 
with great force on the claims of the sacred volume, the right 
f all to read it, and the importance of its universal diffusion. 

* Wiptleyan Methodut Magazine, 1824, pp. 857-58. 
t Irish Evangelist, 1861, p. 146. 



CHAPTER V. — 1824. 75 

These statements were exceedingly grating to the Eomish clergy, 
and the success of the circulators of the Word of God alarmed 
them, so the priests in various places attended the meetings and 
attempted to interrupt the proceedings. They were, in con- 
sequence, challenged to discuss the right and duty of the laity to 
search the Scriptures, and public disputations on the subject were 
held at Kilkenny, Carlow, Carrick-on-Shannon, Easky, and else- 
where, Ouseley was present, and assisted at Carrick-on-Shannon, 
but was not permitted by the priests to take any public part. 
The discussion at Easky took place in the Roman Catholic chapel, 
was continued for two days, and the speakers were three priests, 
two Scripture-readers, who had been Methodists, but were now 
employed by the Congregationalists, the Rev. Mr. M^Keague and 
the Rev. William Urwick. The results of these controversies were 
most fiivourable to the Reformed faith, as prejudices were removed, 
a spirit of inquiry awakened, and the demand for the Bible con- 
siderably increased. Of the discussion at Carrick-on-Shannon 
Ooseley says, "The eflfect was noble. That night not less than 
fifty Romanists came to hear me in our chapel, and the next night 
still more ; and one of them, a merchant, said, ' Henceforth no 
priest shall hinder me from hearing the Bible ; no, never.' " 

During winter Mr. Ouseley, by direction of the Conference, 

visited Connaught and Munster, in reference to some chapels he 

had erected in these provinces, more especially one at Kilchreest, 

to regain possession of which he had to take legal proceedings. 

In Mayo several Romanists who had previously heard him preach 

in the streets now ventured into the house where he conducted 

services, and gladly listened again to the message of mercy. 

Some of these joined the Society, the attachment of others to 

their superstitions was shaken, and many appeared prepared 

for the reception of the truth. The servant of God was not, 

however, permitted to pursue his labours without opposition. 

At Monaghan, as he stood to preach, a fellow came towards him 

as if to hear, and then struck him so violently that respiration for 

a time was' suspended. The ruflBan then attempted to repeat the 

blow, but was seized by the people. When able to speak, 

Ooseley's first words were, " Do him no harm ; he did it because 

he was drank, and he will be sorry for it." At Kilrush th^ 

mob were urged to attack the missionary, by a Hgoledi -^rie&V.^ 



76 



HISTORY OF METHODISM. 



who assured them that the law woald not touch them. So when 
the servant of God attempted to preach he was received with 
loud shouts and a volley of stones. The police hastened to 
the spot, but they also were assailed, and, bruised and wounded, 
compelled to retire. The local magistrates held a court to 
investigate the cause of the riot and punish the rioters ; but the 
priest entered, insulted the bench, and demanded an adjourn- 
ment. This was granted, and on the following day a similar 
travesty of justice took place. Thus the magistrates were brow- 
beaten at two sittings, and prevented from acting according to 
their view of what was right. It is worthy of note that this 
priest, though then apparently in perfect health, died soon after- 
wards, and this was regarded by many as a judgment from God. 



CHAPTEE VI. 

1825. 

During the early portion of 1825 Gideon Ouseley laboured 
chiefly in the counties of Cavan and Monaghan. As the Protest- 
ant population, in this part of the country, was about equal to 
that of the Roman Catholic, and the influence of the priests, on 
that account, less powerful, he preached with little interruption, 
and in general to large congregations. " My health and strength," 
he says, "continue unabated, though now in my sixty-fourth 
year, and I continue to preach in the markets, fairs, and streets, 
to listening crowds, when practicable." It is interesting to 
observe the ardour with which this veteran of the Cross prosecuted 
his arduous work. Every day, sometimes twice and thrice, he min- 
istered the word of life. At one time we find him on horseback, 
away from the hurry and bustle of a market, yet where numbers of 
Romanists could hear him, at another time in the midst of a 
&ir ; in one place at the close of the day, by the light of a lamp, 
opening his commission to a large audience, and in another 
quarter singing in the moonlight, until " the people crept out 
and gathered round him," and he preached unto them Jesus. Nor 
did drizzling rain or bitter cold deter him from his work or deprive 
him of his congregations. On one occasion he rode into the market 
of Ballyjamesduff in very severe weather, and addressed a great 
concourse of people, chiefly Romanists. His text was John xx. 
23, which afforded him an opportunity of dwelling at length 
on the claims of the priests to forgive sins, yet the people listened 
with remarkable attention. Not a frown was on any brow, serious- 
ness appeared on each countenance, and during the concluding 

prayer every head was uncovered.* 



♦ Beillj'iff Memorial of Ouseley, pp. 2:>:-5ft. 



78 HISTOBY OF METHODISM. 

The Revs. John Nelson and John Armstrong were stationed in 
Lurgan, where they had a gracious revival. It appears to have 
commenced with a service Mr. Armstrong held one Sunday after- 
noon in the street, at the close of which he announced the usual 
meeting in the evening, when the chapel was so full that even 
the pulpit stairs were occupied. Many new classes were formed, 
and a large number of members received into the Society. Of the 
March quarterly meetings Mr. Armstrong says, " God has been 
with us in them all, particularly last Sunday, at Bluestone. It 
was a day never to be forgotten ; many found peace, and not a few 
were sanctified wholly. At our leaders' meeting in Lurgan about 
forty were present, the two preachers, and Mr. Johnston, the 
circuit steward. At the close we had the Sacrament of the Lord's 
Supper. Such a leaders' meeting, for love, harmony, and genuine 
piety, I never attended before. And such a soil for labour as 
this circuit I never was in previously. No matter where and 
when we preached, the crowd was great. We have added about 
two hundred to our Society since Conference, and we have also 
an increase of piety, zeal, and brotherly love amongst our leaders 
and members." * 

Towards the close of 1823 a Primitive Wesley an, named 
Robert Ruddy, had settled in this town, and began at once to 
work for Christ. He was a thatcher, worked all day at his trade, 
and held meetings in the evenings. These were so well attended 
that he hired a room for the services, invited the preachers from 
Tanderagee, and a class was soon formed, which increased rapidly. 
The court-house was secured next, and before the close of this year 
a chapel was erected, capable of seating four hundred and fifty 
persons, and opened by the Rev. Adam Averell. Within a little 
more than twelve months from the introduction of Primitive 
Methodism, eight flourishing classes were formed in the town and 
neighbourhood. 

At Nenagh also a place for religious services was secured by a 
member of the Primitive Wesleyan Society, and fitted up with a 
desk and forms. The conducting of the meetings was left mainly 
in the hands of Miss Cambridge, who resided in the town, and 
after a few months' labour, writes, " The little congregations keep 

* Uopnblighed Diary of Rev. J. Armstrong. 



CHAPTER VI. — 1826. 79 

up, and are very attentive ; I feel at home with them ; but, alas ! 
alas ! Nenagh is a very dark and dead place." * 

Mr. William Pattyson was stationed on the Newtownstewart 
circuit, where there was a very gracious revival, during which he 
estimated that not less than three hundred persons were savingly 
converted. At Camkenny especially the work was of a most 
remarkable kind, many who had been very careless and ignorant 
being made " wise unto salvation." f 

The Wesleyan Society on this circuit was likewise favoured 
with a similar season of refreshing. It commenced at a prayer- 
meeting conducted by the leaders at Drumclamph, during which 
the Holy Spirit was poured out so powerfully that several persons 
cried aloud for mercy, and refused to be comforted until God 
spoke peace to their souls. The services were continued, great 
numbers attended, and for several weeks in succession scarcely a 
meeting was held at which some were not awakened or made 
happy in God. The tidings of this blessed work spread throughout 
the neighbourhood, and with the good news the revival itself 
extended. In some instances pious farmers were obliged to leave 
their work in the fields, in order to pray with and comfort the 
mourners assembled in their bams. Of the March quarterly 
meeting the Eev. John Foster writes that he never before 
attended a service marked by such a display of the power of God, 
while at a place near Castlederg, at a similar meeting, "an 
unusual number of people were present, and the arm of the Lord 
was made bare in an extraordinary manner." Among the rest, 
five Boman Catholics were converted, and several young men, who 
engaged heartily in work for Christ, while in four months about 
two hundred members were added to the Society.} 

On Friday, June 24th, a new chapel was opened in Skull, by 
the Rev. Henry Deery ; and although the day proved unfavourable, 
there was a crowded congregation, while a gracious influence 
rested on the whole assembly. This building cost only sixty 
pounds, but the roof was put on, free of all charge, by a young 
man named John Whitley, whose father's house was the principal 
stopping-place for the preachers in this neighbourhood, and who 

• Memoir of Hiss Cambridge, pp. 93-97. 

t Primitive Wesleyan Methodut Jfagatine^ IftT^,"^. ^. 

X Wesleyan JUethoditt JMa^azxne^ 1825, pp. 5S^-?>1 . 






80 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

himself had been converted a short time previously, and appointed 
a leader and local preacher. He was spared for more than sixty 
years to work for Christ and His cause, and then came to the 
grave in a full age, " like as a shock of com cometh in, in its 
season." About twenty-six years had now elapsed from the 
introduction of Methodism into this district of country, and it is 
stated that there was no place in the south of Ireland in which 
the labours of the itinerants had been marked by deeper or more 
decided and hallowing results.* Such, indeed, was the success of 
the cause that the above chapel was scarcely completed when 
arrangements were made, and the consent of Conference obtained, 
for the erection of another preaching-house, in the adjoining 
village of Ballydehob, in which there was then no place of 
Christian worship. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference met on June 29th. The 
Rev. Adam Averell presided as usual, and Mr. Alexander Stewart 
was elected secretary. A small addition to the membership was 
reported, and the demand for increased ministerial work was such 
that seven candidates were admitted on trial. These included 
Thomas Pearce of Youghal and George Stewart and John Taylor 
of the Tanderagee circuit. A deputation from Yorkshire attended, 
and requested that preachers be sent to labour there. Accord- 
ingly, Daniel Macafee and William M^Conkey were appointed to 
Beverley and Hull ; but this arrangement was not permanent, as 
the cause in England soon developed into an Independent church 
in Osborne street, Hull, of which William M*Conkey became 
the minister in charge. The missionaries, who had numbered 
only three, were increased to eight, one of whom, Richard 
Robinson, was appointed to St. John's, New Brunswick, but this 
appointment only continued for two years. From a letter received 
by the Conference from Youghal, it appeared that the cause 
there had greatly declined, the congregation had almost dwindled 
away, and the chapel was about to be seized and sold, to pay a 
heavy debt on it, when Mr. Thomas R. Guest, of Cork, interposed 
on behalf of the struggling society. Thus it was infused with 
new life, the claims on the house were adjusted, and the cause 
at once began to look up again. 

The Rev. Richard Waddy made an extensive tour through the 

♦ WefJeyan Methodut Magazine^ 1826, p. 703. 



CHAPTER VI. — 1825. 81 

country, which is thus gratefully acknowledged in the Address of 
the Irish to the British Conference : " His labours have been 
very great among our societies ; he travelled extensively, preached 
frequently, and devoted his mind to the investigation of our 
affairs. He has pointed out various improvements, which, we 
trust, will be made, tending to make the families of the preachers 
more comfortable, the circuits themselves more prosperous, and 
the work^of God deeper and more extensive. His clear statements 
and cogent reasonings have had a powerful influence on both 
preachers and people. Your excellent system of finance is better 
understood, and will, we expect, be brought into more general 
and successful operation. Most cordially do we thank you for 
having sent him, and most earnestly would we intreat that he 
may be permitted to visit us during the ensuing year." * The 
Rev. Robert Newton also rendered valuable service, by preaching 
to large congregations in Dublin, on Sunday, July 3rd, in the 
morning in Abbey Street Chapel, from Luke xv. 10, and in the 
evening in Whitefriar street, from Hebrews xiii. 9. 

The Wesleyan Conference assembled in C!ork, for the first 
time, on July 8th. About fifty ministers were present, including 
the Revs, Robert Newton, who presided. Dr. Adam Clarke, George 
Morley, Richard Waddy, and Valentine Ward. The Rev. Samuel 
Wood was elected secretary, and the Revs. James Irwin and John 
Stuart members of the Hundred, instead of the Revs. John Dinnen 
and Andrew Hamilton, sen., superannuated. Two ministers were 
reported as having died during the year — John Hamilton, who, 
worn down with protracted labours, ended his days in great peace ; 
and James M^Kee, whose sufferings were severe, but whose 
consolations abounded, so that he rejoiced in hope of everlasting 
life. Two young men who had been on the list of reserve were 
received on trial — Frederick P. Le Maitre of Dublin and 
WUliam Ricketts of Belfast. The latter travelled only one year 
in Ireland, removed to England, and was received into the itine- 
rancy there. It was resolved that if a preacher should be wanted 
on any circuit between the intervals of Conference, application 
should be made to the Dublin superintendent, who should write 
to the Plresident, giving the names on the list of reserve, and he- 
should make the appointment. And it was also agreed u^tl t\^&^ 

* Minates of the Irifih Conference, li., p. \^^. 
VOL, m. ^ 



82 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

preachers on trial should preach at the May district meetings, 
selecting their own texts during the first three years, but furnished 
with a text by the chairman in the fourth year. Although the 
cause had suffered greatly from emigration, nearly one hundred 
members ha\dng been thus lost on one circuit only, and several 
societies broken up, there were tokens of both numerical and 
financial progress. The members of the Conference write, " Our 
difficulties have begun to lessen, and our perplexities to recede. 
The darkness which enveloped us is partially removed, and the 
dawn of a brighter day is visible. Our temporal concerns have 
assumed a more cheerful aspect, our spiritual state we know to be 
progressive, and many seals have been given to our ministry." 

The public services in connection with the Conference were 
seasons of rich spiritual enjoyment, more especially the love- 
feast. The testimony borne by old George Howe was singularly 
interesting and effective. Almost blind and very feeble, he arose, 
leaning on two walking-sticks, while his countenance beamed 
with sacred joy. " Had I," said he, " a thousand hearts and a 
thousand tongues, they should all be engaged to love and proclaim 
my Jesus. He is All and in all. Here I have firm footing. 
Methodism is from heaven, and leads to heaven. I am surroimded 
by men of God, who are bom from the skies. It was through 
them that God lighted my candle and kept it burning. By them 
I was delivered from blind guides and men-made ministers. 
Hallelujah ! Glory to God that I have seen this day ! It is a 
high day with me, my happiest day. Hosanna ! hosanna in the 
highest ! " While the servant of God thus spoke he was greatly 
affected, and before he concluded the whole congregation wept. 

The Eev. Matthew Lanktree, sen., having heard that his son 
was seriously ill at Bandon, after the opening of Conference, 
hastened to see him, remained in the town a few days, and on 
Sunday preached in *^ the commodious and lovely chapel," feeling 
it to be a humbling and gracious season. When Conference 
concluded he returned again to the town, and found his son 
better, but his intended bride. Miss Beamish, alarmingly ill. 
She lingered a few days, and then calmly fell asleep in Jesus. 
She was a lovely character, and left behind her many precious 
memories. Matthew Lanktree, Jan., after this double stroke of ill- 
nessand bereavement, never regained his former health and vigour. 



CHAPTER VI. — 1825. 83 

At this time there was in Bandon a young man of eighteen, 
named William Parker Appelbe, who from childhood had been 
accustomed to attend the Methodist services, and being remark- 
ably thoughtful and studious, gave promise of a useful career. 
He had already distinguished himself for his knowledge of the 
Word of God, having for several years in succession won the silver 
medal in a local Bible-class, and thus laid the foundation of that 
love for the Scriptures which in after-years was such a marked 
feature in his character. Through the Divine blessing on a 
sermon preached in the Wesleyan chapel, he was led to religious 
decision, and from the memorable hour in which he realized peace 
and joy in believing, he never wavered in his Christian course. 
He at once joined the Society, being received as a member into 
Mr. Henry Comwairs class, and continued in connection with it 
until 1828, when he entered Trinity College, Dublin. Of his 
subsequent career more again. 

The Revs. James Johnston and Fossey Tackaberry were 
appointed to the Mountrath circuit, and through the Divine 
blessing on their self-denying and devoted labouriai the work greatly 
prospered. On September 12th Mr. Tackaberry writes, "Last 
Sunday evening, in Mountmellick, two persons had to regulate 
the house, in order to get the people stowed into it; I never saw 
it so full before." And again, " We had a most blessed lovefeast 
on IMesday last. Five or six professed to receive purity of heart. 
Mr. Johnston was sometimes so happy, in the course of the 
meeting, as to sit down in the pulpit, quite overcome." Thus did 
the presence of listening crowds, and especially of the Spirit of 
God, testify to the success of the word preached. 

At Castlereagh, notwithstanding many difficulties, a neat and 
commodious chapel was erected, and at length opened for public 
worship by the Eevs. William Reilly and Arthur Noble, by whom 
the work had been commenced two years previously. Consider- 
able interest was attached to this event ; there was a respectable 
attendance at the opening services ; and considering the circum- 
stances of the people, the contributions were liberal.* A number 
of years previously Methodism had been introduced into the town 
by a sister of the Rev. William Cornwall, Mrs. Cotton, who on her 

marriage invited the servants of God to her house. This eyL<i^\&T^ 

- — "^ ■ . ■ . 

• WeaUfan MethodUt MagaziM, l%25,p. 1%^. 



84 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

woman was spared until almost the close of 1879, when, at the 
advanced age of ninet j-four years, having seen her children to the 
fourth generation, she passed in holy triumph to the home 
above.* 

The Revs. George Burrows and Robert Beauchamp were 
appointed to the Newtownstewart circuit, and the former says that 
the Lord granted them a continuation and extension of the blessed 
work which had begun in the preceding year at Drumclamph. 
There were numerous conversions, and much improvement in the 
piety and general order of the societies. The revival extended to 
Omagh, where many were led to religious decision. Arrangements 
were made with Mr. Samuel Galbraith, the landlord of the site on 
which the chapel in this town was built, by which he handed 
thirty pounds, due to him for rent, to the Society, as a subscrip- 
tion towards the erection of a minister's residence. 

About ten years previous to this, Archibald M'Elwain, a native 
of Ballymena, settled in Coleraine, and having given his heart to 
God, through the instrumentality of Methodism, at once identified 
himself with the Society. He was a man of a truly devotional 
spirit, thoroughly attached to Methodist ordinances and institu- 
tions, and eminent for his regular attendance at the means of 
grace. He soon rose to a position of importance and influence, 
which he held for nearly half a century, and in which he did more 
than any other man then living, by his example, labours, prayers, 
and contributions, to promote the welfare and form the distinctive 
character of Methodism in the town. 

At the time now under consideration a feeling of estrangement 
had arisen among the leaders, and to such an extent did it 
prevail that there was a hesitancy on the part of some of the 
ministers to undertake the responsibility of superintending the 
circuit. The Rev. Richard T. Tracy, however, was appointed, with 
the Rev. John Holmes as his colleague. They both remained in 
town for the first Sabbath, Mr. Holmes preaching in the morning, 
and Mr. Tracy in the evening. At the close of the latter service a 
prayer-meeting was held, at which the oflBcials were set to work. 
To help in removing the want of harmony that existed, Mr. Tracy 
soon afterwards invited all the leaders and principal friends to his 
own house for tea. At first, when they came in, there was some 

* Irish £vangclUt, 18S0, p. 592. 



CHAPTER VI. — 1825. 85 

shyness ; but as the house filled, the hearty welcome, the cheerful 
room, and the encouragement given to free social intercourse did 
their work, until the spell was completely broken, and there was 
such a meeting as had not been in Coleraine for years. It proved 
to be the beginning of better days ; the public services and classes 
were more largely attended, and God granted His abundant 
blessing. There was a gracious revival and much spiritual pro- 
sperity. So deeply interesting and profitable were the services 
that at times it was difficult to bring them to a close. On one 
lovefeast occasion the chapel was open all day and all night, so 
that many of those present went direct from the meeting, on the 
following morning, to open their shops for business. 

At this time there was an infidel club in the town, which 
exerted a pernicious influence even on some members of the con- 
gregation. The preachers declared war against this ungodly 
association. Mr. Tracy first intimated his willingness to con- 
verse on the questions in dispute, with any willing to speak 
to him. He then lent them suitable books, and finding that he 
was gaining ground, took courage, and published that he would 
preach a series of sermons on the evidences of Christianity and 
the folly and immoral tendencies of infidelity.. For several 
Sabbath evenings the chapel was filled so full that some persons 
could not obtain admission. The result was that the club was 
broken up and the members scattered, some joining the Society. 
The leader soon afterwards, when under the influence of drink, 
fell oflF a coach, was severely hurt, and for some time confined to 
bed. He was visited by some members of the Society, who 
admonished him and prayed with him, and there was reason to 
think, not in vain. 

There had been for some years in Coleraine a bad practice 
which the ministers succeeded in eflfectually stopping. On the 
Sabbath afternoon, between the two services elsewhere, people 
were accustomed to come to the neighbourhood of the preacher's 
residence for lunch, and some of the young persons to play pitch 
and toss. Mr. Mayne used to speak to them and give them tracts, 
but it was of no avail. He was only the Methodist preacher ! 
Mr. Tracy, having tried a word of counsel in vain, went to the 
Mayor, and arranged with him that the police should iwt^tfex^.^ 
which they did; the Sabhath-breakers were coui^eWftdL \ft ^^^«ft.^ 



86 HISTORY OF MBTHODIbM. 

did not return to their former habit. For this act Mr. Tracy 
received public thanks. 

The first notice of a public tea-meeting that we have come 
across was in Ballymena, on August 19th, when about forty were 
present in the chapel, and the evening was spent in religious 
conversation, the subject being chiefly Philippians ii. 16. Five 
months later, Mr. Lanktree writes from this mission testifying to 
the success of Mr. SauVs. labours at Castledawson : ^^ Many, through 
his instrumentality, have been brought into the Society and are 
converted to the Lord. Upwards of fifty young people are meeting 
in class, and many of them are happy in God. The congregations 
are large and attentive, and a regenerating influence has gone 
forth. We held a large meeting here on the 25th of September, 
and having no chapel, we had recourse to a sort of tent, and the 
presence and^blessing of Jehovah were powerfully felt. Upwards of 
two hundred persons attended the lovefeast, at the close of which 
the pardoning mercy of God our Saviour was richly dispensed, 
which several freely acknowledged.'' 

Mr. Ouseley, immediately after Conference, resumed his self- 
denying and earnest labours, into the details of which it is 
unnecessary to^enter, except to say that they were intense and 
unremitting. At Newry he remained about two weeks, preaching 
twice eachMay, and the word was accompanied with Divine power 
to many. In one instance, having preached in the open air, the 
Bomanists who were present followed him into the court-house, 
and listened with deep attention. On another day they followed 
him into the chapel. And on a third occasion, as he in the street 
plainly and faithfully exposed the errors of their system, they 
" were as silent as night," and appeared greatly impressed. 
Several of them were heard to say, " My heart trembles." " I 
tremble all over since I heard this doctrine." " It is quite true : I 
must quit my sins ; I must curse and swear no more." In the 
market of Cootehill "the congregation was immense." Some 
Bomanists, while the missionary was absent, had posted challenges 
to dispute with him, but when he appeared there was no one to 
come forward against him in this way. At Carrickmacross, where 
the preachers had ceased visiting for two or three years, a friendly 
c}ergymBXL said to Ouseley that he would not get a dozen people 
to listen to him ; but when the missionaxy took his stand near the 



CHAPTER VI. — 1825. 87 

market-house, and began to speak, a large and attentive audience 
collected, and followed him into the building, and when he had 
done they poured blessings on his head.* 

Ouseley, accompanied by John Feely, made a tour of nearly a 
month, this winter, on the Gal way mission, and although the 
weather was very severe, persevered in preaching in the open air. 
While engaged in this way in the market of Oughterard, two 
priests came up and commanded the people to leave ; but only a 
few paid any attention to their mandate, the remainder continuing 
to listen with devout attention. The missionaries then proceeded 
to one of the mission schools, and on crossing a little river were 
both plunged into the water. As Ouseley puts it, " Down went 
my mare suddenly, and while she plunged, oflF I tumbled. Brother 
Feely rode up quickly to my assistance, but down he and his little 
Rosinante went. Having gathered ourselves up, nothing hurt 
that signified; we got to our place at Mr. Lyons*." The poor 
people were delighted to hear him, while he preached on " Fear 
not, little flock." One man, who, for fear his life would be taken, 
had gone to mass, was led to see the folly of this step ; another 
cried out, " I never knew my religion until now ; " while a poor 
Roman Catholic woman, who had been awakened and led to the 
Saviour fifteen years previously, and still retained her love for 
Christ, came running with delight to meet once more her father 
in the Gospel. At Dunmore, Ouseley was hooted and vilified, in 
a most indecent manner, by the parish priest, whose character 
was held in deserved contempt, even by his own people. At 
Mullingar, as the missionary preached beside the market-house, a 
heavy missile was thrown at his head, but providentially missed 
the mark. Although many heard the word with gladness, others 
shouted and yelled, so that the police with diflBculty kept the 
peace. However, they seized the assailant, and lodged him in jail 
for the night ; but Ouseley declined to lodge informations, and 
thus the persecutor was allowed to escape. 

Early in December the Rev. John Armstrong refers to preach- 
ing three times on one day in Waringstown — in the morning 
in the Presbyterian meeting-house, in the afternoon to children, 
and again in the evening. The congregations, he says, were 
large, although the Wesleyan cause was feeble in i\i^ I^^kx^.^ 

* WMleyan Jfetkadiit liagazine^ 1B26, pp. \^^-^^. 



88 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the new Primitive Wesleyan chapel was opened on the same day, 
and a crowd was present there. 

About a fortnight later, the zealous itinerant held a love- 
feast at Banbridge — "a good meeting, and much of the power 
of the Lord was felt " — and at night preached to a full house, 
and formed a new class of about twenty members. " We have," 
he says, "in this town many warm friends, and none more so 
than John Love and his lovely family, six of whom meet in 
class." 

At this period William Smyth, of Downpatrick, a member 
of the Primitive Wesleyan Society, removed to Belfast, where 
he commenced a Young Men's Association, which met in his 
own house, and consisted of twenty or thirty members, many of 
whom were converted in connection with their meetings, and 
several subsequently were called into the ministry of the 
Methodist or the Episcopal Church. 

Mr. William Browne was appointed by the Primitive Wesleyan 
Conference to Manorhamilton, and his colleague having left him, 
Mr. John Thompson, of the Enniskillen circuit, was sent to his 
assistance. The Lord poured out His Spirit abundantly on 
several parts of this extensive field, and many souls were won 
for Christ. Amongst those thus led to religious decision were 
Henry Geddes and John Heatley,* of Florence Court, both of 
whom subsequently entered the itinerancy, and were much owned 
of the Lord. 

* Primitive Weslci/an Methodist Magazine^ 1851, p. 100. 



CHAPTEE VII. 

1826. 

On January 1st, 1826, a new Primitive Wesleyan chapel, in 
Summer hill, Dublin, was opened by the Eev. Adam Averell. 
There was a large audience ; the text was Isaiah ii. 2,* and the 
collection amounted to £34. This house consisted of an old 
building, which had been secured, enlarged, and fitted up, and 
had been rendered necessary for the accommodation of members 
of the Society on the north side of the city. This was the 
ninth Methodist chapel erected or purchased in the metropolis. 

Very soon after the opening of this house, the Society had 
to mourn over the loss of one of its most devoted and eflScient 
office-bearers, Mr. Bennett Dugdale. As a leader and local 
preacher, his talents were of a high order, and sanctified by 
Divine grace, rendered him exceedingly useful. When the 
division took place he espoused the cause of Primitive Wesleyan 
Methodism, and at the request of his brethren, laid the foun- 
dation-stone of the chapel in South Great George's street, Mr. 
Averell availed himself of the opportunity aflforded by his visit 
to the city to call on his old friend, who said to him, " I cannot 
tell you the delightftd views with which I have been favoured 
since I came to lie on this bed. I shall soon be with my Saviour, 
and with those with whom I often took sweet counsel on earth." 
It was as he anticipated, for in a few days, in this spirit of calm 
and triumphant hope, he exchanged mortality for endless life. 

A very blessed revival took place on the Maguiresbridge 
and Brookeborough circuit. Mr, John Buttle had charge of this 
laborious field, and soon after arriving there, saw cheering tokens 
of increased spiritual life in the leaders and members, and 
arrangements were made for special prayer, three times each 

* The sennon is pabliBhed in the Primitice Wrsleyan MetkodUst Ma^oAVM A^'^^^ 
pp. 7—18. 



90 HE8T0RT OF METHODISM. 

day, forj^an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. At length, on March 
17th, during a service at Killymendon, near Ballinamallard, the 
power of God descended, so that many were cut to the heart, 
and cried aloud for mercy. The meetings were continued each 
night, large numbers attended, and a great many were brought 
into glorious liberty. The good work soon extended to other 
parts of the circuit. Fivemiletown, Maguiresbridge, Ballina- 
mallard, and Irvinestown all partook in succession of these 
showers of blessing, until the wilderness became a fruitful field, 
and the fruitful field was counted for a forest.* Amongst those 
converted was a young man, named Hugh Monahan,t of 
Ballinamallard, who was spared for nearly forty years to labour 
for Christ and His cause. Young Monahan began his work at 
home, and soon every member of the family was led to the 
Saviour, while one at least became a devoted and consistent 
leader 

Early in this year, Gideon Ouseley had an attack of illness, 
arising from exposure, by which he was confined to the house for 
six weeks. But though prevented from public exercises, he was 
by no means idle, for he was busy with his pen. Indeed, he 
considered it a great mercy to have been brought into affliction, 
as it gave him opportunities of prosecuting his work in another 
way, not less effectual than the preaching of the word. He 
published some tracts, which he partly compiled from a series of 
letters which had appeared in the Gal/way Journal and other 
provincial papers, and had been read with such avidity that in 
some instances they had been printed a second time. These 
pamphlets included '^ Strictures on the Pope's Jubilee Bull and 
its Doctrines," "The Pope's Faith necessarily Condemns Christ 
and His Followers," "The Blessed Virgin Vindicated from the 
DefiEunation of the Priests," " A Reply to a late Speech of the Rev. 
Mr. Clowry, a Roman Catholic Priest of Carlow, against the Bible 
and Bible Reading," and " Three Letters to Prove that Dr. Doyle 
cannot Believe that the Protestants are Heretics, nor that the 
Church of Rome is the True and Ancient Faith of Christ. The 
Secret Cause of all Papal Persecution." To these powerful assaults 
on Popery no defence was attempted, as Ouseley himself says, 

* Prfmitire Wesleyan Methodist Ma(fatine, 1S27, pp. 240-42. 
t Father of Rev. W. B. Monahan. 



CHAPTER VII. — 1826. 91 

" There has not been a single tittle of reply from the priests, even 
in Galway." 

Many facts might be narrated to show that these literary 
labours were not in vain. Thus, in Queen's County, Ouseley 
met an intelligent young man, who had abandoned Popery, and 
who said that when he first read some of these tracts he was 
astonished beyond measure ; then he procured more of them, and 
thus became enlightened as to the truth. In this same county, 
Ouseley was invited to tea by an amiable and pious clergyman of 
the Established^Church, and informed not only that it was owing 
to the missionary's conversation with him he had been led to the 
knowledge of religion, but also that a short time previously, 
amongst a number} of persons who, in the county of Galway, had 
read their recantation of Popery, was a gentleman whose appear- 
ance excited surprise. On being asked how he came to be 
enlightened, he replied, " I shall tell you freely. I was educated 
for the priesthood, and became the editor of a newspaper. Mr. 
Ouseley came into the town, and put an article into the Protestant 
paper on the subject of Transubstantiation. I deemed it my duty 
to reply to him and upset his arguments, but in vain, for he upset 
me, and I then saw my foundation was altogether false." Ouseley 
inserted an article in the Kerry Evening Post, proving that no 
Protestant or Test Act could possibly denounce the dogmas of 
Borne more than the priests themselves are sworn to do, and 
boldly challenged a disproof of his statement. A fioman Catholic 
student having read this, went to hear the missionary preach, and 
told him he had seen the article, and considered it conclusive. 
Shortly afterwards this young man read his recantation in the 
church, wrote five letters in vindication of his change, and became 
a teacher of the truth. 

In the county of Longford there was a young man of 
nineteen, actively engaged in Christian work, whose name, Robert 
Huston, will frequently appear on the following pages. He was 
a native of BalUnasloe ; his mother was a godly Methodist from 
Castlebar, and his father a soldier in the North Mayo militia. 
Bobert was now residing in Street, and having been deeply 
impressed on the subject of religion, chiefly through the Divine 
blessing on the influence of his devoted mother, re^oV^^d^ cyci >i>[i<^ 
first day of this jear, to join the Society. The leadet 'v^a ^ tow.^ 



92 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

Scotchman, pious, with but slender gifts, and held the situation 
of butler to the clergyman of the parish. Intent on the enjoy- 
ment of his privileges, it was enough to provoke a smile when, as 
his class-hour arrived one Sunday morning, the Methodist official 
unceremoniously poked his head into the parlour, where the 
fiimily were at breakfast, and exclaimed, " May I go noo ? " "I 
have no objection," said his master, " that you should hear the 
preachers, but I don't like this class-meeting." With uncouth 
candour, the butler answered, "No, nor the devil naythor, sir." 
This reply, more frank than prudent, clerical dignity could ill 
brook, so the servant did not long retain his place. Within three 
months of becoming a member of the class of this earnest leader, 
young Huston was enabled to believe that God, for Christ's sake, 
had pardoned his sins, and then entered upon a course of extensive 
and protracted usefulness. One of those who proved most helpful 
to the young convert was Mr. James Mills of Granard, father of 
the Revs. Thomas and Samuel Mills, the one Rector of St. Jude's, 
Dublin, and the other of a parish in England. Mr. Mills was 
eminently holy and warmly attached to Methodism, though not 
always able to enjoy its privileges. Mighty in the Scriptures, 
powerful in prayer, and thoroughly trained in the school of 
Christian experience, his friendship was most valuable. Coun- 
selled and encouraged by him, Robert Huston went from house to 
house to pray, and from place to place to hold meetings. When 
an occasional blunder or failure was used by the adversary to urge 
an entire cessation from these efforts, some such seasonable reply 
to the tempter was suggested by Mr. Mills as, " True, Satan, I am 
only a blunderer at best, but I'll blunder on as well as I can." 

On May I7th a newly erected chapel at Ballinasloe was 
opened for Divine service, by the Rev. Samuel Wood. A large 
congregation, including both Roman Catholics and Protestants, was 
present, while some, unable to find accommodation, were obliged 
to go away. It was a day of great rejoicing, and many felt that 
they were indeed "in the house of God and at the gate of 
heaven." 

A new chapel, being the fifth built in Belfast, was also erected 

at Kallymacarret, chiefly through the exertions of the Rev. 

Alexander Mackey. A small piece of ground was secured, in con- 

nectiou with it, as a graveyard, in which not a few ministers and 



CHAPTER VII. — 1826. 93 

their wives and children, with many of the early Methodists of 
Belfast, sleep till the morning of the resurrection. At a leaders' 
meeting held on May 29th it was resolved " that worship be 
regularly established at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, and at five 
o'clock in the afternoon," on each Sabbath, in this new chapel. 

On the Ballymena mission the Rev. Matthew Lanktree, sen., 
reports considerable success, in an increase in the membership, the 
number of Christian workers, and the accommodation for hearing 
the word ; school-houses, session-houses, and meeting-houses having 
been placed at the disposal of the Society. At Magherafelt an 
excellent site for erecting a chapel and school-house was secured 
fix)m the lord of the soil ; at Castledawson subscriptions were in 
forwardness for building a chapel ; and at Bellaghy a house was 
purchased, which could easily be fitted up to accommodate a good 
congregation, while no less than six hundred children received 
instruction in schools and classes for catechumens. 

A new chapel was also opened at Billy, the history of which is 
noteworthy. Seven years previously the foundation-stone was 
laid by the Kev. James Johnston, and during the service a careless 
sinner, who happened to pass that way, was awakened to a sense 
of his state, laid hold of Christ, and joined the Society. Owing, 
however, to bad harvests, extensive emigration, and other causes, 
the building remained unfinished, but good Mrs. M^Curdy con- 
tinued to make it the subject of special prayer. During the Eev. 
Charles Mayne's visit to England, in 1824, he remembered this 
discouraging case, mentioned it to some generous friends, and 
thus obtained pecuniary aid. At the same time, unknown to Mr. 
Mayne, one of the local preachers, Mr. John Martin, was led to 
solicit subscriptions in the vicinity, and their united efforts led 
to the completion of the work. The Rev. Matthew Lanktree 
conducted the opening service, preaching from Haggai ii. 9 ; the 
Rev. Charles Mayne discoursed in the afternoon of the same day 
fix>m Zechariah vi. 12, 13 ; and the Rev. James B. Gillman occupied 
the pulpit in the evening, and selected Psalm xxvi. 8 as his text. 
The Lord's Supper was also administered, to about one hundred 
and fifty communicants. " It was," says Mr. Lanktree, " altogether 
a precious season, and the unction of the Holy Spirit attended 
the word preached." 

The Bev. Thomas Edwards gives a c\\eeT\Tvg Te\Kyc\» oil XsEfi^ 



94 HISTORY OF MKTHODISM. 

charge. He says that there were twenty schools, with fourteen 
hundred and seventy-nine scholars. In their general appearance 
the children exhibited increased order, stability, and efficiency ; 
many were more cleanly in their persons, more orderly in their 
manners, and much improved in their morals. In reading and 
writing also there was considerable improvement, and in arithmetic 
some progress, while the children excelled in spelling. In many 
of the schools considerable portions of the Scriptures had been 
committed to memory, and catechetical instruction had been 
attended to. Nearly all the children above infancy could repeat 
the Lord's Prayer, and were accustomed to pray every night and 
morning. The teachers had conducted themselves to the satisfac- 
tion of Mr. Edwards, who knew of no instance in which their 
conduct had not met the approbation of the parents, and secured 
in general the respect of the inhabitants, both Boman Catholic 
and Protestant, in the districts in which they lived. 

The Conference of the Primitive Wesleyans commenced on 
June 28th. William Fleming, who had been called out during the 
year, was received as having travelled twelve months; and four 
candidates were admitted on trial — John Eamsey of Dublin, 
Thomas Boyee of Tanderagee, James Herbert of Moybane, and 
John Thompson. There was one death, that of the youthful and 
devoted Samuel Rogers, whose last words were, "Into Thy hands, 
Lord, I commend my spirit.*' And the increase in the number 
of members amounted to six hundred and thirty-five, many of 
them being the first-fruits of missionary labours. 

The Wesleyan Conference began its sittings in Dublin on July 
3rd, under the presidency of the Rev. Joseph Entwisle, who was 
accompanied by the Revs. Jonathan Barker and George Morley ; 
and the Rev. Andrew Hamilton jun., was appointed secretary. 
There were received on trial six candidates, including John Greer 
of Rathmelton; James Henry of Clonmel; John Harrington, 
Thomas T. N. Hull, and John Saul. The Revs. Archibald Mur- 
dock, James Bell, and William Stewart were elected members of 
the Legal Hundred, instead of the Revs. W^illiam M'Comock, 
Thomas Kerr, and Francis Armstrong, superannuated. The 
increase in the number of members was four hundred and 
thirty-seven, a considerable part of which had taken place in 
coiDparatively neglected districts of the country, occupied by the 



CHAPTER VII.--1826. 95 

missionaries. There was one death reported, that of the venerable 
Thomas Barber, who had closed his useful career " in the full 
assurance of hope." It was resolved that superintendents should 
bring accounts of the societies on their respective circuits to the 
May district meetings, instead of the Conference, as was customary 
previously ; that no petition for the appointment of a preacher to 
a circuit should be received unless agreed to at a quarterly 
meeting of the stewards and leaders ; and that no preacher should 
be appointed to a circuit a third year unless a petition for his 
return from the quarterly meeting be presented to the CJonference. 

Previous to this year, pastoral addresses had been sent occa- 
sionally by the Conference to the societies ; but now it was resolved 
that this should be done every year. Although the Address for 
1826 is not published in the Minutes, a copy lies before us, and 
from it we learn that the design of adopting this resolution was 
to afford members of the Society the earliest and fullest informa- 
tion respecting the affairs of the Connexion, and to offer such 
pastoral advice as its state and circumstances might suggest as 
suitable and necessary. It is stated, "In reviewing the whole 
body of our Connexion, it comforts our hearts to be enabled to 
declare that it exhibits to our view at present a more settled and 
promising aspect of spiritual health, vigour, and prosperity than 
at any period within the last eight years." 

As to financial affairs, they also presented a more cheering aspect 
than they had done for some time, for donations from preachers 
and friends in England were sent, to the amount of upwards of 
£655, in addition to £270 granted by the Conference towards the 
education of the children of supernumeraries. Special appeals, 
however, to ministers and friends on the other side of the Channel 
could not be continued, and therefore the Irish representatives 
to the British Conference, the Revs. Matthew Tobias and Thomas 
Waugh, brought forward the subject in Liverpool, before a number 
of leading ministers, at a breakfast-meeting specially convened for 
that purpose. Exception was taken to the form in which the 
accounts had been published, and an improved mode was sketched 
by the Bev. Jabez Bunting, and placed in the hands of the Rev. 
Joseph Entwistle, who introduced the subject to the Conference 
The Irish repreflentatives then spoke at considerable lengthy occvd 
succeeded in making snch an impression that a Te«o\>\V.\OTv V.^ >iX\^ 



96 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

effect that the Irish CJonnexion should no longer be dependent on 
subscriptions, but have a yearly grant of £600 from the Contingent 
Fund, was carried unanimously. The Rev. Henry Moore said to 
Mr. Waugh afterwards, " Now I see we shall be altogether one 
again. I had not hoped for it, but felt, from the moment you set 
out, that you had a good wind." And another minister expressed 
his conviction that he never before had seen such an impression, 
in favour of Ireland, made on the Conference. 

There was, however, a debt of more than £6,000 on the Irish 
Connexion, chiefly contracted by making up deficiencies in the 
allowances to preachers. This, with the injudicious zeal of many 
persons in different places, building chapels and ministers' resi- 
dences, without sufficient means, swelled the amount, in 1823, to 
£8,286. To remove the terrible pressure of this debt, the interest 
of which swallowed up annually a large portion of the Connexional 
funds, a committee was formed in Dublin to remove or lessen it, 
and also to establish local committees on different circuits to co- 
operate with them for the same purpose. Accordingly, at a leaders' 
meeting held in Belfast on September 19th, the case was stated by 
Mr. William Kent of Dublin, the deputation, additional informa- 
tion was given by the ministers of the circuit, the Revs. William 
Eeilly and Matthew Lanktree, jun., and a committee appointed to 
assist in carrying out this project ; but nothing further appears to 
have been done then. 

Of the Carlow circuit, on which the Rev. Thomas T. N. Hull 
was stationed, he says that in the town of Carlow the cause was 
low, there being only one family outside of the Society that 
attended the services, and they only occasionally. At Coolbaun, 
where a neat chapel had been erected, and at Gurteen, there were 
large congregations and much right good feeling. At Athy the 
attendance was moderate, while at Mr. Barker's of Knockatom- 
coyle, a few miles from Hacketstown, there was remarkable and 
cheering success. On Mr. Hull's first visit no one came to the 
service ; but gradually, with each subsequent meeting, the con- 
gregations increased, until parlour, kitchen, hall, and staircase 
were crowded with earnest hearers. Then the young preacher 
announced that he would bring a class-book, read the rules of the 
Society^ and form a class of those who desired to flee firom the 
wnth to come. When the appointed time arrived, and an invita* 



CHAPTER vn. — 1826. 97 

tion to remaiii was given to anxious inquirers, about twenty 
responded ; and out of the blessed work thus commenced were 
seyeral who as leaders and local preachers did good service for 
Christ and His cause, both in this country and in America. 

Mr. Ouseley writes from Cavan, with great delight, stating that 
he had seen the church crowded, and sixty-three Romanists 
recanting the errors of Popery, making two hundred and fifty- 
seven in all, and that he also had heard the Rev. Richard T. P. 
Pope address a large audience for two hours. The Reforma- 
tion movement, as it was called, was then proceeding in this 
neighbourhood, and owed much to the influence of Lord and Lady 
Famham, whose guest the missionary occasionally was, and with 
whom he corresponded, holding them in hearty respect. Public 
discussions between Protestant and Romish champions were con- 
tinued, and were very popular. One, which was to have taken 
place at Londonderry, appears to have had a particular interest 
for Ouseley. He feared beforehand that the Catholics would 
flinch, and this proved to be the case. When he visited the city, 
immediately afterwards, he states that the fact of the priests having 
done so " opened their people's eyes, so that they came in great 
crowds to hear." Shortly after this, in a ball-room at Dundalk, 
he preached to a great crowd, among whom was the truly noble 
and good Lord Roden, with his family, " and an immense mass of 
the lower orders, although the priests had been threatening them." 
At the close a political speaker created a disturbance, but the 
missionary was escorted home in safety.* 

In the market of Ballyjamesduff, as Ouseley discoursed to a 
great crowd, on Galatians i. 8, 9, showing that there is but one 
infallible standard, all listened with deep attention. A school- 
master present, having requested to be shown the Testament of 
the preacher, and seeing that it was the Rhemisb version, marked 
Matthew vi. 5, "And when ye pray, you shall not be as the 
hypocrites, that love to stand and pray in the synagogues and 
comers of the streets," and handed it back, expressing a desire 
that it should be read aloud. Ouseley at once complied, read also 
chapter v. 16, " So let your light shine before men," etc., and 
marked Acts xvii. 17, requesting the schoolmaster to read it. 
He did so, repeating audibly, " He disputed therefore vw lk% 

• AHbuT*a Life of OuaeUy, pp. 2^ft-^'a. 



98 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

synagogue with the Jews, and with them that served God, and in 
the market-place every day with them that were there," and 
exclaimed, " I declare, sir, here is a contradiction." " What ? " 
said the missionary, " a contradiction in your own book ! No, 
my dear fellow, the contradiction is in your head, not in the 
book. The doing good works in secret has regard to motive, 
that of pleasing God with a single eye ; the command to let them 
appear before men, as did Paul, is for an example to men, to lead 
them to good," " Sir," replied the man, " I am very thankful to 
you ; I never understood this before." And the crowd dispersed, 
apparently well pleased. 

Next day Ouseley went to Killashandra, rode into the market, 
and was soon surrounded by a large audience, to whom he preached 
from Mark vii. 7, pointing out the guilt of giving human inven- 
tions, instead of the pure Gospel. " But who does that, sir ? " 
inquired an old grey-headed man. " I shall soon tell you," replied 
the preacher, and proceeded to show many of the changes made by 
the Pope and his clergy on the teaching of the Word of God. 
Every one present listened with profound attention, and all joined 
devoutly in the concluding prayer. The missionary then 
announced that he would preach on the following day, in the 
market of Arvagh, on " Beware of false prophets." Many flocked 
to hear, and afterwards, when talking with each other about the 
sermon, one inquired, " Why was there no one to oppose him ? " 
" Oppose him, you fool ! " said another : " the devil could not beat 
him." ** No, thank God," said Ouseley ; " I rejoice to reply, for 
greater is He that is for me." " What are you doing here ? " said 
a woman to her husband, ** listening to that man ? don't you know 
how it will be ? " • " Hold your tongue," he answered. " I am 
listening to the truth, if ever truth was told, and stand you here 
and hearken to it too." At Kingsoourt the missionary preached 
on the Ancient Faith to a large number of Romanists, who mani- 
fested great interest and feeling. One of those present came 
with deep emotion next morning to the preacher's lodgings, and 
told him that he had had a sleepless night, that he intended to 
follow no other faith than that of God and Jesus Christ, and added, 
"But God help us, what are we taught?" Another Boman 
Catbolic^ who was present on the previous day, said to her husband, 
^I never understood my religion before, and with the mass I have 



CHAPTBR VII.— 1826. 99 

done for ever." At Eyrecourt, as Oaseley preached to a street full - 
of Romanists and Protestants, the parish priest took alarm, and 
came running out of his chapel to disperse the hearers ; but they 
were very tardy in moving. The missionary then said, " Your 
priest tells you, and very truly too, that to oppose the known 
truth is to sin against the Holy Ghost and destroy your souls. 
But you know well, as must he, that what I am speaking is God's 
truth, therefore in thus opposing it he comes forth to commit 
this very sin himself." The priest soon afterwards disappeared. 

During summer. Miss Lutton visited Newcastle, in the county 
of Down, for change and sea-bathing. After a short time spent in 
quiet and rustic seclusion, some of the residents of the village 
discovered that the stranger was no ordinary visitor, and requested 
her to hold a meeting. She consented, and the drawing-room in 
which the service was conducted, as well as the hall, was closely 
packed. " We had lovely singing," says Miss Lutton, " and the 
piano was skilfully touched." This led to other requests of a 
similar kind, and then to additional services, which were much 
owned of God. Several titled ladies were amongst the listeners 
on these occasions, and one of them at least was led in penitence 
of spirit to the foot of the Cross, and enabled to go forth without 
the camp, bearing the reproach of Christ. 

At Bushmills a new chapel was opened on October 22nd ; the 
services conducted by the Eevs. Eichard T. Tracy and John Saul, 
were seasons of gracious visitation, and the collections and sub- 
scriptions were sufficient to meet all demands, so as to leave the 
building free of debt. The entrance-gates were a novelty in 
ecclesiastical architecture, being suspended on two pentagonal 
basaltic pillars, which were fair specimens of those which form the 
Giant's Causeway. There were then in this village good congre- 
gations, a promising society, and a Sunday-school. 

At Bellaghy the new preaching-house was opened on No- 
vember 12th. The Rev. Matthew Lanktree, jun., preached in the 
morning, from Hebrews i. 1 — 3, the Eev. John Saul in the afternoon, 
from 1 Thessalonians i. 5, and the Eev. Matthew Lanktree, sen., 
in the evening, from Psalm xcvi. 9. The congregations were very 
large, and the presence and blessing of God were richly manifested. 

In Lurgan the chapel erected in 1802 havYCi^ Y^w^^ \«Qi 
small for the increaaing congregations, and being mXi^Axe^^ix^S^* 



100 HISTORY OF MBTHODISK. 

was resolved to erect a larger and better edifice. Accordingly, 
Mr. John Johnston purchased some adjoining tenements, at a cost 
of one hundred guineas, which he generously presented to the 
Society, and a new house was built, partly on the site of the old 
one, and partly on the additional ground. On August 24th this 
chapel was opened for Divine worship, by the Rev. Samuel Wood, 
who preached in the forenoon, and the Rev. Alexander Mackey, 
who preached in the evening. The discourses were appropriate 
and impressive ; a gracious influence rested on the congregations ; 
and the collections, including those on the following Sabbath, 
amounted to upwards of fifty pounds. 

At Enniskillen the chapel in what was then called Preaching 
lane, but now Wesley street, was a very primitive structure. The 
entrance was through " the preachers' lodgings ; " a gallery was at 
one end, the pulpit at the other ; there were two rows of backless 
seats, with centre aisle ; the men sat at one side, and the women at 
the other ; and the roof was thatch. The building was lit at night 
by means of two rude chandeliers, the candles of which were care- 
fully snuffed, during the collection, by William M^Arthur,* a 
young apprentice in the town, who thus early in life endeavoured 
to make himself useful. This simple structure having proved 
unsuitable to the increasing requirements of the society, it was 
pulled down, and a new chapel erected in its place, chiefly 
through the exertions of Mr. Hugh Copeland. 

The labours of the preachers of the Primitive body were also 
owned of the Lord. Soon after the meeting of Conference, the 
Rev. Adam Averell was invited to open a new chapel in Cooks- 
town, and made his going thither the occasion of taking a 
lengthened tour through that part of the kingdom, and thus did 
a good work. He was not long at home, when he was requested 
to open another new house in Belturbet. In October Mr. Addy 
writes that the congregations in Cookstown had increased four- 
fold since the chapel was opened, while a new opening had been 
secured at Stewartstown, where after having preached thirteen or 
fourteen times in the street, a society was formed, and the market- 
house obtained for the services. Concerning the Ballyshannon 
circuit, Mr. James Robinson reports that there were forty classes, 
uinetj' Jodgmg-pisLceSy and three chapels — one in Bundoran, which 

* 21ie Iftte Sir WiUiam M' AxihTir, ¥.0.1fi..<]t. 



CHAPTER vn. — 1826. 



101 



had been erected during the year, another in Ballyshannon, and 
a third in Ballintra. Mr. William Herbert, sen., who was 
appointed to Enniskillen, states that the congregations on his 
circuit were everywhere increased, in some places gracious out- 
pourings of the Spirit took place, and the fruits of a revival that 
had begun in Knockmanoul were permanent, about forty having 
been led to the Saviour, and continued to adorn their profession. 
At Maguiresbridge it appeared that the good work commenced 
in the previous year continued to progress and extend, while a 
new preaching-house in Ballinamallard was nearly completed. 
Mr. George Washington of Skibbereen says that he regularly 
visited Glonakilty, Bantry, Dunmanway, and Ballyneen, and 
hoped to be able to form classes in each; but that his chief 
success was in Macroom, where he was cordially received, large 
congregations assembled to hear the word preached, and a society 
of thirty members was formed. 



#.■. . > "J' . ■{Mi l^«.*?*:^'-.:->r--i- 



CHAPTER VIII. 

1827. 

Mr. William Feckman continued his devoted labours, which were 
accompanied with marked success. His style was attractive, 
though very homely. When excited, he would rub down his 
head and face with both hands, and say again and again, ^' Hear 
that." In his appeals he charged sins on one and another, by 
name, thus : " But some of you will say, * I have nothing to 
repent of.' Have you nothing to repent of, James? Nor you, 
Tom? Nor you, John? Nothing to repent of ! Don't you remember 
going to the pit, taking out the potatoes, and selling them ? You 
will be weighed in the balance of the sanctuary yet ; hear that. 
And you, Jane, have you nothing to repent of? Balaam's ass 
spoke, and if the lock of the bam could speak, what would it say ? 
It would tell the times when you got the key, opened it, and 
stole the oats." Such appeals often brought home sinful acts, 
and resulted either in some kind of restitution or earnest efforts 
on the part of the self-accused to clear themselves. At a meeting 
in a farmer's house, not far from Dunmanway, a stubborn, harsh- 
looking girl attended, and her appearance attracted Mr. Feckman's 
attention. During the application of his remarks he walked over 
to her, charged her in detail with the sins of her life, and she 
fell motionless to the floor. Some water was brought to sprinkle 
her face, but the preacher said, " Let her alone ; let the devil come 
out of her ; " and after a little time, the poor girl recovered her 
senses, became penitent, and obtained ,the blessing of pardon, so 
that thenceforward she lived a consistent Christian life. 

Mr. Feckman was untiring in his itinerancy, which was 
especially throughout the south and west of Cork. It is no 
exaggeration to assert that there was not a town, village, hamlet 
or Frotestaikt &rmstead, in that district of country, where his 



CHAPTER vni. — 1827. 103 

name was not a household word. Hundreds were converted 
through his instrumentality, and thousands benefited by his 
ministry. Occasionally he left Cork for a few months, though 
once his absence extended to two years, and on another occasion 
to four. Roscrea, Nenagh, Cloughjordan, Borrisokane, Ballinasloe, 
Limerick, and parts of Kerry were visited in turn, several weeks 
being devoted to each place. 

Many of the converts held fast, and witnessed a good confession, 
but some fell away. A farmer, near Skull, at whose house meet- 
ings had been held, thus became a backslider. Mr. Feckman 
went to the house of this friend, who had just come in to dinner, 
and with coat off, was sitting in the kitchen, when he observed 
the evangelist coming, and instantly ran out by the back door. 
Mr. Feckman followed, succeeded in catching him, and held him 
fiast, saying, " I arrest thee, the prisoner of the Lord." The 
man, conscious of his guilt, fell upon his knees, crying, "Have 
mercy on me ! Oh, if you had been here I would not have fallen ! 
Can I be saved ? " " Come into the house," said Mr. Feckman, 
" and we will plead with God." They did so ; the poor prodigal, 
overwhelmed with grief and shame, cried unto God, " who 
willeth not the death of a sinner," and his backsliding was healed, 
so that he thenceforth lived a pious and useful life. 

In his intercourse with families Feckman wielded great 
influence. He made himself acquainted with the name of every 
member of the household, and seldom failed at family worship to 
implore a blessing on each one. These prayers appeared to be 
inspired, and while they were offered it was felt that the place 
was holy ground. 

He was a man of one book, for he seldom read anything but 
the Bible, except the Methodist Hymn-book. He made it his 
habit to talk to persons about their spiritual welfare, and this was 
so well understood that those who felt averse to such conversation 
often made an effort to avoid meeting him. In whatever neigh- 
bourhood he sojourned he visited from house to house, and would 
say sometimes to strangers, " Come and hear a man preach who 
was twice bom," or " Come and listen to a man who was raised 
from the dead." Passion for the salvation of souls often led him 
to places where he had wretched accommodation and very 
humble fieure, A poor man who had tecevN^d ^Y^-dXxs.^ \i«iv^^ 



104 BISTORT OF MfiTHODISM. 

through his instrumentjsdity said once to him, *' I wish I had a 
place to entertain you." The reply was, " If you can give me 
potatoes and milk, and there are sinners in your neighbourhood, I 
will gladly go." 

Early in 1827 we find traces of this devoted evangelist in the 
neighbourhood of Limerick, where he writes, " The Lord has in 
a most wonderful manner poured out His Spirit on this circuit. 
Some Sundays fifteen will join the Society, most of whom give 
clear and satisfactory evidence of their acceptance with God. I 
met thirty-eight in class last Sunday, all of whom had found 
peace, except six. Nearly one hundred have been added to the 
Society in these places. There is no meeting at which sinners 
are not pardoned. People come five, and sometimes ten miles, 
seeking pardon. I never beheld such a work in all my Ufe. 
Glory to God for this, His own work ! The young, the old, and 
the middle-aged are led to give their hearts to God. I received 
a letter from the preacher on the Cloughjordan circuit, and he 
mentions that the work is still increasing there also.*' 

For about eight years one or more of the representatives from 
England were in the habit of coming to Ireland a few weeks 
previous to the meeting of CJonference, and visiting the principal 
towns to preach and assist at other meetings, and thus rendered 
valuable service to the cause. This year, however, a change took 
place, by the appointment of the Revs. Thomas Martin and 
Robert Newstead to visit the south, in spring, as a deputation 
from the General Missionary Committee, and it was attended with 
good effects, in leading to the formation of associations, and 
exciting a deeper interest in the cause of missions. The Irish 
Conference therefore subsequently requested that a similar 
deputation should be appointed for the following year. Such was 
the origin of the annual Missionary Deputation from England, the 
visits of which have proved replete with interest and the means of 
much and lasting advantage. 

On June 22nd, at Newcastle, Down, a new chapel was opened 
for Divine worship, by the Rev. Charles Mayne. The congregation 
was large, and a sacred unction accompanied the preaching of the 
word. The collection amounted to £10. It is stated that a lively 
interest in this erection was manifested in the village and its 
vicinity^ by peiwna of all denominations, and that the great 



CHAPTER vm.— 1827. 105 

number who resorted there for sea-bathing afforded an encouraging 
prospect of extensive usefulness. 

The revival on the Maguiresbridge circuit, in connection with 
tlie labours of the Primitive Wesleyan preachers, continued to 
deepen and extend in its gracious influence. Amongst the new 
openings secured, one was at Edenaveagh, where a congregation 
of more than three hundred persons assembled in a school-house, 
at the first service. Soon the power of God descended, a loud and 
general cry for mercy was heard, the preacher had to abruptly 
end his discourse, and a prayer-meeting was held. At this service 
seventeen persons were enabled to rejoice in God their Saviour, 
and about one hundred were convinced of sin. On the following 
Sabbath a class of thirty members was formed, and thus an 
effectual door was opened in a district of country that had been 
in great spiritual destitution. At the March quarterly meetings 
about sixty souls were brought into the liberty of the children 
of God, and a similar number at those held in June. During 
the year nearly five hundred members were added to the Society 
on this circuit. 

Mr. William Browne of the Charlemont circuit says that 
before the September quarterly meetings there were the drop- 
pings of a shower ; but at the meeting in Charlemont there was 
a blessed outpouring of the Spirit, so that several were enabled to 
rejoice in a sin-pardoning God. From that time until Christmas 
the work moved on steadily, there being some awakened and 
converted. At the December meeting the Spirit of God was 
again poured out, and the good work spread through the surround- 
ing country, until about seventy were led to the Saviour. There 
were six new classes, including seventy-two additional members, 
and many of the old classes were much enlarged.* 

Mr. Dawson D. Heather was now on the Boyle and Roscommon 
mission, and obtained access to the houses of many of the higher 
classes, with whom he was very acceptable as a preacher, and to 
whom he proclaimed the Gospel " in power, and in the Holy Ghost, 
and in much assuraDce." On February 24th he writes that the 
mission never before stood so high as then in regard to its moral 
and religious state. At Boyle the cause began to raise its head ; 
at Castlereagh considerable interest and inquiry were excited 

* PHmUive Wesleyan Methodist Ma^az%ne^\%%1r,\f^Wl'Sk. 



106 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

amongst both Romanists and Protestants concerning the reading 
of the Bible ; at Roscommon there was a large and respectable 
congregation, including some of nearly every Protestant family 
in the town and neighbourhood ; at Ballymurray the use of the 
Friends' meeting-house was placed at the service of the Society ; 
at Strokestown there was a large class and congregation ; and an 
opening had been obtained in the town of Leitrim. Twenty-five 
years subsequently, a pious police officer met in this district 
of country a Roman Catholic woman, who displayed a remarkable 
acquaintance with the Word of God, expressed her confidence in 
Christ as her Saviour, and was in the habit, on returning from 
mass, each Sunday, to preach Jesus to the people. It appeared 
that this was the result of a conversation Mr. Heather had with 
her, along the road, and his giving to her a copy of the sacred 
Scriptures.* 

From the Oldcastle circuit Mr. Noble Wiley writes, "Our 
cause is increasing in this country very much. Three new classes 
have been formed since Conference. I hope to establish one or 
two more, and the old ones have improved both in grace and 
numbers." The Reformation movement proved very helpful to 
the Society, and the Society to it. There were on this circuit 
about twenty of the converts from Popery who met in class, and 
about one hundred who were hearers. In the beginning of the 
year there had been considerable opposition at CastlepoUard^ 
from a quarter where it was least expected ; but the Reformation 
movement had converted foes into friends, so the parish school- 
house was placed at the service of the Society, and a large 
congregation assembled in it.f 

Early in summer the Rev. Adam Averell, accompanied by 
Mr. and Mrs. Martin Keene, made a tour through the south, 
and their visits, especially to Limerick and Cork, were much 
owned of God. Large congregations attended the preaching of 
the word, which was accompanied with Divine power. The 
service, however, which excited most interest was a missionary 
meeting held in the French Church street chapel. It was the 
first assembly of this kind in connection with the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society in Cork. The Mayor presided, and it proved 

* PrimUive Weileyan Methodist Magazine, 1S62, pp. 175-78. 
t Ibid, 1827, pp. 86, 87. 



CHAPTER VIII. — 1827. 107 

the commencement of a long series of similar services, which 
were the means of much good. 

On June 27th the Primitive Wesleyan Conference met in 
Dublin, as usual. Joseph Payne of Athlone, who had been 
called out during the year, was received as having travelled 
twelve months ; two candidates were admitted on trial, one of 
whom was William Lendrum of Clones; and one death was re- 
ported, that of Robert Smith, whose end was one of peace and 
Christian triumph. The increase in the membership was four 
hundred and fifty-five. The public meetings were well attended, 
and at the lovefeast especially a gracious influence rested on 
those present ; but the peculiar feature of these meetings was 
the deep interest manifested in the missionary cause. No less 
than nine clergymen of the Established Church were on the 
platform at the public meeting, the Lord Mayor took the chair, 
and the proceedings were such as could not fail to make an 
impression not only favourable to the cause, but to the Society 
with which it was connected. 

The Wesleyan Conference, which in many respects was a 
memorable one, met in Belfast, for the first time, on July 2nd. 
About one hundred ministers assembled, and were hospitably 
entertained by families connected with the Methodist societies 
and congregations in the town, and by members of other Evan- 
gelical churches. The President, the Rev. Richard Watson, was 
accompanied by the Revs. Jabez Bunting, John Mason, and 
Thomas Roberts, A.M. William Hamilton, who had been for 
seven years in connection with the Primitive Wesleyan Con- 
ference, was received as having travelled twelve months ; and 
Daniel Macafee and John P. Hetherington, who also had been 
Primitive Wesleyan preachers, were, with Robert H. Lindsay, 
admitted on trial. Mr. Hetherington, however, became a 
member of the British Conference. Two ministers had died 
during the year — Matthew Stewart, who "finished his course 
happy in God," and Daniel M*Mullen, who had quietly fallen 
•asleep, and awoke in heaven. On some circuits, it appeared, the 
Lord had poured out His Spirit in awakening, converting, and 
sanctifying power; but on others there had been decreases in 
the numbers, owing to lukewarmness and to emigration. 
Although upwards of four hundred membeia \iad gc>XL^ Xa^u^^^^:^ 



108 HisrrORY of mbthodisit. 

or America, there was an increase of nearly one hundred, and the 
societies in general had become "more united and settled in 
the love of Christ." We now observe, for the first time, a 
reference to the use of schedules, in order to ensure more correct 
numerical returns, each circuit and mission being required to 
fill up a quarterly return of the number of members, deaths, 
removals, etc., for examination at the several district meetings. 
It is also worthy of note that Mr. Thomas A. Shillington 
attended the meeting of the Chapel Fund Committee, as the 
representative of the Newry district, and was appointed one of 
the treasurers of the Fund, thus entering upon a connection with 
that department in which he subsequently rendered protracted 
and valuable aid. 

The public religious services of the Conference excited great 
interest, and were attended by crowds of serious and attentive 
hearers, many of whom had come from the neighbouring towns 
to be present. The session of the third Presbyterian church 
kindly placed their large and beautiful meeting-house in 
Bosemary street, for two Sunday afternoons, at the disposal of 
the Methodist preachers, and the pulpit was filled by Messrs. 
Watson and Bunting. The chief interest, however, was centred 
in the ser\dce for the reception of the young men into full 
connexion, held in Donegal square chapel. " Never," says Mr. 
Tackaberry, "did I see a house of worship so packed before. 
Socinians, Arians, Romanists, Episcopalians, and Wesley ans 
were eye and ear witnesses. The President opened the service 
with the 446th hymn. Messrs. Wood and Mayne prayed 
delightfully indeed, and an appropriate and afi'ecting address, 
on the nature and importance of the Christian ministry, was 
delivered by the President." Patrick Ffirench, who had spent 
nine years in the West Indies, Fossey Tackaberry, Henry Price, 
and James B. Gillman, who had been placed in the first seat of 
the front gallery, then in succession gave an account of their 
conversion to God and call to the ministry. The attention of 
the vast audience became more fixed and intense than ever, 
deep feeling was evinced, and many devout breathings ascended 
to heaven. The President proceeded to ask the usual questions, 
and when they were answered Mr. Roberts moved, Mr. Wood 
seconded, and Mr. Bunting supported a resolution to the effect 



CHAPTER vni. — 1827. 109 

'Hhat these brethren be received into fiill connexion with the 
Methodist Conference," and the whole body of ministers ex- 
pressed their approval by standing up. Another hymn having 
been sung, the service concluded with prayer, oflTered by Messrs. 
Mason and Bunting. " Biit oh," says Mr. Tackaberry, " such a 
prayer as that of Mr. Bunting's ! I never heard its like before — 
an overwhelming torrent of eloquence, pure, simple, sublime, 
devotional. Evangelical, laying hold on Christ, and bringing the 
blessing down." A prayer that, which still lingers, after the 
lapse of sixty years, in the memories of those now living who 
were privileged to hear it. 

The Christian liberality of the Presbyterians was subsequently 
appropriately recognized, for at a leaders' meeting held in Belfast, 
on September 13th, it having been stated that the Rev. Dr. 
Hanna, Presbyterian minister, had applied for the use of the 
Ballymacarret chapel, either gratuitously or at a fixed rent, at 
such hours each Sabbath as would not interfere with the Methodist 
services, it was agreed to grant the request for three months, free 
of cost, and at the end of that period, if the building should be 
required any longer, to make a charge of ten pounds per annum. 
By this friendly and catholic act the Presbyterians were enabled 
to obtain a footing in that part of Bel&st, and eventually to 
establish a permanent church. 

Daring the second visit of the eccentric Lorenzo Dow to Lame, 
one of his hearers was a young woman, Miss Margaret Thompson, 
who was thus led to religious decision, and at once joined the Society. 
About the same time a young man, James Boyd, also became a 
Methodist, and the two were subsequently united in marriage, 
and became pillars of Methodism in the neighbourhood. Mr. 
Boyd was a most acceptable local preacher, and greatly respected 
for his Christian consistency. He took a deep interest in Con- 
nexional affairs, and gave valuable aid in more than one important 
crisis of the Society. His house was the home of the preachers. 
The Sunday-school commenced by Mr. Boyd, at the suggestion of 
his excellent partner, was the first opened in the town, and it was 
very large and successful. Mrs. Boyd was a noble woman, whose 
liberality to the poor and hospitality seemed almost unbounded, 
and who at length fell a martyr to her Christian devotion. 

In the town a small chapel had been erects iXy^L^* ^Oti^ l^»s. 



110 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

1806, but its situation was bad, the ceiling low, and the accom- 
modation insufficient for the Society. A better site having been 
obtained, and the consent of Conference received, it was resolved, 
to erect a new building. The foundation-stone was laid on 
February 1st, 1827; and the house was opened on July 15th, 
by the Rev. James B. G-illman, who preached two eloquent and 
powerful sermons. The collections amounted to £34. Air. and 
Mrs. Boyd were the chief agents in supplying the means for 
the accomplishment of this important undertaking, as they not 
only subscribed £100, but advanced all the additional money 
required. No sooner was the building opened than a considerable 
increase took place in the congregation, several joined the Society, 
and some souls were won for Christ. 

At Cork also the old chapel on Hammond's Marsh, having 
been used for upwards of seventy years, and having fallen into a 
dilapidated state, was taken down, and a new chapel erected, with 
a school-house and two ministers' residences. This was accom- 
plished during the winter and spring by the unwearied labours of 
the Rev. William Stewart and the generous aid of the members 
and friends of the Cork Society, with the consent of Conference, 
and the house was opened on July 18th. 

In Armagh the Society sustained a serious loss in the sudden 
death of Mr. John Noble, who for half a century had discharged 
the duties of a local preacher and class-leader with unwavering 
fidelity and zeal. The Rev. John Armstrong says of him, 
" Taking him all and all, I have hardly known his equal" And 
Dr. Lynn's record is, " He was a man of strong intellect, of un- 
compromising honesty and firmness, full of faith, mighty in the 
Scriptures, and well known for his attachment to Methodism, 
which owed much of its success, under God, to his Christian 
consistency and unwearied labours. His memory is still gratefully 
cherished by those who knew him in the evening of life, when 
though his bodily powers were weak, his mind was vigorous and 
his ardour undiminished." 

The Rev. John Armstrong was appointed as a missionary to 

Cavan, and does not give a favourable account of the state in 

which he found the field to which he had been sent. " At Bel- 

turbet/' he says, " there was a middling congregation, and through 

WBnt of £dtbfulne88 in Christian professors, the cause did not 



CHAPTER VIII.— 1827. Ill 

prosper." "At Killashandra there was a serious congregation, 
but much need of a revival, the leaders and people being cold and 
dead." " At Ballyjamesduff the work was not prosperous." Soon, 
however, a pleasing change for the better took place, and we read, 
" At Cootehill quarterly meeting there was much of the presence 
and power of God." " At Clones the congregation was large, the 
people spoke with life and to the point, and at the conclusion we 
had a penitent meeting, during which a number found liberty, 
through the blood of the Lamb." " At Corlisbrattan the house was 
filled to the door." " At Killashandra there was a great congrega- 
tion." "At Cavan Mr. Ouseley and I took the street, a vast 
multitude was present then, and at night in the chapeL" " At 
Ballyjamesduflf we had an excellent meeting." " At Ballyhaise 
there was the largest congregation on the mission, and I formed a 
new class there, for we had none." " I have not known Killa- 
shandra in a better state for the last twelve years." " Preached at 
Dmmkilroosk, to about one hundred and forty persons, and formed a 
class of seventeen members." "The country is ripe for the Gospel." 

The Eev. John Saul, who was appointed to Magherafelt mission, 
having been requested by a relative of Dr. Clarke to visit Eden, 
in that neighbourhood, did so ; the Lord blessed his labours, and 
soon a flourishing class was formed. Amongst the members was 
Mr. David York, who opened his house for the entertainment of 
the servants of God, and was spared to see several of his children 
converted to God through the instrumentality of Methodism, 
while one became a devoted leader, and four passed in triumph to 
the home above. 

The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry was stationed in Dublin, and the 
work greatly prospered through the Divine blessing on his labours 
and the labours of those associated with him. The attendance at 
the public and more select means of grace greatly increased, and the 
services proved means of abundant spiritual blessing, until at length 
he could say there was a movement in the city; and although 
there was no noise, the Lord was working in saving and sanctifying 
power. Whitefriar street chapel was " full outside the door,*' and 
at Gravel walk house Mr. Tackaberry had to stop preaching, in 
order to pray with persons in distress. The work continued, and 
bore all the marks of a genuine revival. " We had not " \i'fe ^^'e^^ 
" such hope of prosperity in Dublin, since I kne^ \t, «& ^\, Y^^^efcii^* 



>^ 



112 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

And no wonder, when he adds, "Everywhere I turn I find ther 
spirit of prayer and expectation on the increase. And we have 
not only hopes, but drops before the shower. Several have been 
saved at the meetings lately. To-day, at the eleven o'clock 
prayer-meeting, while Mr. Ferguson prayed, there was a cry for 
mercy. Our old preachers, Messrs. Smith, Ferguson, and Murphy, 
are gloriously alive. It is truly delightful and encouraging to see 
these venerable fathers, so zealous, so earnest, and so happy in 
God." Mr. Tackaberry's account of the Christinas and watch-night 
services shows that the spirit of prayer did continue, and that 
heavenly influences were still vouchsafed. " On Christmas Day 
Mr. Smith preached to a very crowded audience. There was deep 
attention and a very good feeling. I was appointed to preach at 
the watch-night meeting, which I did, with fear and trembling, 
to the largest congregation I ever addressed." 

In August Mr. Feckman was in the county of Limerick, 
labouring with characteristic zeal and success. At Kilfinnane he 
preached at first to a congregation of only twenty, and saw no 
appearance of good amongst the people ; but subsequently he had 
a large audience, and " a weeping time with some, while others 
were refreshed and melted down in the mould of love Divine." At 
a third service " the Spirit was poured out ; some were cut to the 
heart, one received pardon, and four joined the Society." At 
Glenosheen, which had had no Wesleyan service for nearly forty 
years, there was a large congregation and appearance of good ; 
and at Ballyorgan, another deserted place, there were at the service 
about sixty persons, who appeared " as ignorant of God and salva- 
tion as any of the sons of Ham," but afterwards the Lord melted 
many of their hearts. 

The Rev. Thomas T. N. Hull was appointed to Wexford, where 
the young preachers then slept in the house of Capt^iin Atkin, and 
boarded, during the town fortnight, with friends in the locality. 
The chapel, which externally looked more like a bam than a place 
of worship, and was accessible by stone steps, was, however, well 
attended by a congregation that included some very excellent 
families, such as the Meyers, Bowes, and Atkins, that have swelled 
the ranks of either the itinerants or their wives."" Had there been 

* The JBers. Jamea Tobias and William Batler, D.D.. were married to daughters of 
MoecB Bowe, and the fiev. W. B. Le Bert to a d&ughter of Captain Atkin. 



CHAPTER vin. — 1827. 113 

a more attractive place of worship in the town, it is probable the 
cause would have extended more rapidly. There was a combina- 
tion of circumstances, at the time, highly favourable ; while the 
provision for the permanent adherence of those connected with 
the Society was rather repellent than otherwise. The country 
portions of the circuit included New Boss, Inistioge, Enniscorthy, 
and numerous intervening places. At New Ross there was a 
prosperous cause, the very modest little chapel being generally 
crowded on Sunday evenings, with an audience that included the 
M'Cormicks, Eagers, Laurences, and Morans. Miss Moran, with 
her father, a custom-house officer, had removed from Cork to 
Newry, and thence again to New Eoss, in each of which she was 
made eminently useful, especially to young females. She was 
very popular, and frequently, by request, was called on to lead in 
prayer at the close of the sermon. While on this circuit, Mr. Hull 
made his first attempt at open-air preaching, and that under 
stormy auspices. It was at a place called Taghmon, where, at the 
close of the Church service, as he stood at the gate, sang a hymn, 
and engaged in prayer, a few persons assembled. But when he 
announced his text, Acts xxvi. 17, 18, in an almost incredibly short 
time an immense crowd of Eomanists collected, and with rotten 
eggs, dead cats, and squibs, scattered the more timid hearers, 
until a friendly police sergeant recommended the preacher to give 
up, or the consequences would be serious, as some of the mob had 
got into an adjoining tower, from which they were about to throw 
stones. An old Quaker took Mr. Hull up on his car, drove him to 
a house, where he preached that evening to a large audience, and 
entertained him for the night. Next morning this venerable 
Friend took the youthful preacher aside, and with streaming eyes, 
said, " I have been a great sinner. What must I do to be saved ? " 
Suitable counsel was given, but with what permanent results the 
counsellor had no opportunity of ascertaining. 

At this period a young man named William Cooke, who had 
just been received on trial, and subsequently became very dic- 
tinguished, was appointed by the New Connexion Conference to 
BelfsLst. In his first report .to the superintendent of the Irish 
missions he says that the chapel in Belfast was well attended by 
a respectable and attentive audience ; a few were added to the 
Society, which manifested growth in grace •, and m \Xi<ei 'SsNxxAa:^- 

YOU Uh % 



114 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

school, which had been recently established, upwards of a hundred 
and forty children received instruction. In Milltown and New- 
townbreda the congregations were large, and the people apparently 
desirous to be acquainted with the things which belonged to their 
peace ; in Bangor the chapel was well filled ; and at Bally- 
watticock, where he had formed a class of fourteen persons, there 
was a prospect of much good. Another of the missionaries, the 
Rev. John Lyons, writes from Downpatrick, giving an account of 
several encouraging openings he had obtained, including Lismore, 
Bally homan, and Ardglass, where the audiences were exceedingly 
large, and in some instances included many Romanists. 

On the Primitive Wesleyan mission at Lisbum, Mr. Edward 
Sullivan found very few places prepared to receive him, and 
therefore for some time laboured under considerable disadvantage. 
However, he determined, if possible, to obtain some new openings, 
and therefore arranged with Messrs. William Browne and William 
Pattyson to meet in Banbridge on the market day. Mr. Pattyson 
preached in the street to a large audience, and then announced 
for Mr. Sullivan in the market-house that night. About one 
hundred assembled, including twenty Romanists, and from that 
time services were regularly held and largely attended in the 
town. The missionary also visited and preached in Dromore, 
Hillsborough, and Ballynahinch. During one of the services in 
the last-mentioned town a mob surrounded the house, made a 
great noise, and threw stones at the windows; but some police 
who were present went out and put an end to their riotous 
proceedings.* Before the close of the year, promising classes 
were formed at Banbridge, Ballynahinch, Hillsborough, and other 
places, including a membership of more than one hundred 
persons. 

On the Cookstown mission it appeared that one-half of those 
to whom the missionary, Mr. Thomas Payne, preached were Roman 
Catholics, who listened with deep attention, and expressed their 
gratitude in warm terms. The chapel in Cookstown was attended 
by a large and respectable congregation, while three new preaching- 
places were secured. In one of thesp the principles of Methodism 
had been unknown, but now they were openly proclaimed, and 
the greatest enemies of the cause became its warmest friends 

♦ J^rimitite Wesleyan Method ut Magazine, 1827, p. 872. 



CHAPTER Vlll. — 18Ji7. 115 

in another plac^ the missionary preached in a large school-house, 
to a congregation of about two hundred and fifty persons ; and 
in the third opening a class of fourteen members was formed.* 

Concerning the Newtownstewart circuit, Mr. Edward Addy 
reports that on his first round God manifested His presence in 
such power as excited hopes of richer blessings, and these expecta- 
tions were graciously realized. At the Sixmilecross September 
quarterly meeting five souls were converted and two backsliders 
restored ; and at Fintona ten persons were enabled to rejoice in 
the Lord their Saviour, and a work commenced that even enemies 
of the truth acknowledged to be of God. Some promising young 
men set out for the kingdom of heaven, and became as zealous 
for Christ as they had been for Satan. Mr. James Robinson was 
very active as a local preacher, holding field-meetings and 
preaching with success through all the surrounding country. 
Chiefly through his influence, a preaching-house was erected in 
Fintona, and soon afterwards, to the great loss of the locality, he 
emigrated to Australia. The revival which commenced thus 
spread, and large numbers were converted, of whom some remain 
to this day faithful servants of their blessed Master. One of the 
converts was William Moore, who subsequently entered the 
itinerancy, and whose brother John, converted a year or two 
previously, was a very able and devoted leader, local preacher, and 
Sunday-school superintendent.! Similar triumphs were won for 
Christ at Newtownstewart, Strabane, where a new chapel was 
erected, and Aghnahoo; while at Curraghamulkin there was a 
memorable work. Here a pious couple, with a numerous family, 
had lived and entertained the preachers for many years. When 
the good old woman was dying she expressed great confidence 
that God would give her all her children, and that they would 
follow her to heaven. Alas ! they did not for some time attend 
to the earnest admonitions of their devoted mother; but her 
prayers on their behalf were registered on high, the servants of 
God sought out the wanderers, and one by one they were all led 
to the Saviour, and several of their children, making nearly thirty 
descendants who adorned the doctrine of God their Saviour. J 

• Primitive Wesley an Methodist Magazine, 1B28, p. 183. 
t Ihid, 1862, pp. 207-10. J Ibid, 1827, pp. 373-74. 



CHAPTEE IX. 

1828. 

A Society to promote the principles of the Reformation having 
been formed in Cork, and it having been proposed that this organi- 
zation should unite with the Society in London having the same 
object in view, a meeting was held for that purpose, on January 
10th, 1828, in the Wesleyan chapel, Patrick street. During the 
course of this meeting a Mr. J. P. Hennessy interrupted the 
proceedings, demanded a hearing, and on that being granted, 
proceeded to make a series of objections to the statement that the 
Scriptures are the only rule of faith and practice. This led to a 
public discussion, which was continued on the following day, when 
the Bev. Thomas Waugh took a leading and most important part, 
not only defending the principles of the Beformation from the 
unfounded charges made with regard to them, but also proving 
that the teaching of the Church of Rome is contrary to the Word 
of God; and concluded his address in the following stirring words : 
** The way to destroy error is to pour a flood of light upon it. When 
men become ashamed of any article of belief they are not far from 
denying it. Thus let us drag into the light of revelation what- 
ever is opposed to the simplicity and purity of the religion of 
Christ. Former advocates will shortly shrink from an avowal of 
relationship, and the work of repudiation, with the Divine blessing, 
will proceed. We war not with ecclesiastical dignities, modes of 
church government, or proper influences exerted by the clergy 
over their people. We are not anxious for mere change of name, 
nor wish to have the Church of Rome swallowed up in other 
churches, if we may but be the honoured instruments of forcing 
her to reform herself. Let her cast from her all that is opposed 
to Ood's Holy Word— our end will be accomplished, and we shall 
AaiJ with gladnesa and gratitude the issue." 



CHAPTER IX.— 1828, 117 

At a Beformation meeting in Omagh also there was a discussion 
on the Romish controversy. The court-house was crowded. Three 
priests set themselves forward as the champions of Rome, and on 
the Protestant side there were two Episcopal clergymen, a lay 
gentleman, and Gideon Ouseley. The Methodist missionary was 
the first to speak in reply to one of the priests, and he did so with 
such clear and convincing logic that the priest who followed 
seemed electrified, did not know what to say, and stammered out 
something altogether foreign to the subject. This appears to have 
been the only occasion on which Ouseley shared with others the 
responsibility of a public debate ; and Mr. Reilly gives a good 
reason for it. The priests refused to meet him ; his " Old Chris- 
tianity " had taken more people from them than any book pub- 
lished within the memory of man, and his oral feats were to 
them a familiar source of anxiety. Although the platform was not 
open to this master of Controversy, the press was, and he availed 
himself of it freely, by writing repeatedly and at length to the 
public papers. 

Many instances might be recorded of the consistent lives and 
triumphant deaths of the converts from Romanism. Suffice it to 
refer to one, Denis O'Mullen, of Bellaghy. In 1790, when about 
thirty years of age, he was taught to read by a member of the 
Society, began to study the Bible, and having heard the Gospel 
preached by one of the Methodist itinerants, sought and obtained 
admission to a lovefeast at Castledawson. At that meeting he 
was deeply convinced of sin, and three months afterwards obtained 
a clear evidence of pardoning mercy through faith in the blood of 
the Lamb. So fully was he satisfied of the errors of Popery that 
from the time he was awakened to a sense of his sinfulness he 
never attended mass, except once, and that was in order to induce 
his aged father to hear a Methodist preacher, which led to the 
old man's conversion, so that with his last breath he expressed his 
enlightened and Gospel hope, saying joyfully, ** Yonder is Christ ; 
I go to meet Him." Denis sufi'er^ much persecution from his 
relatives and the priests, yet, by the grace of God, stood firm. 
Such was his growth in grace that two years after he joined the 
Society he was appointed a leader, which office he sustained with 
fidelity and success for thirty-six years. By diligence and 
economy he saved from his earnings a suixi «v3ffika\fcTiVi "^^ ^\a^«ia»fe 



118 HISTORY OP METHODISM. 

a copy of Coke's Commentary, and bequeathed to each of his six 
sons one volume of this treasure. He became an able advocate of 
the doctrines of the Sacred Scriptures, and fearlessly stood forward 
frequently in their defence. During his last illness he testified 
clearly to the truth, and rejoiced in the confidence that his anchor 
was cast " within the veil." 

The Bandon circuit sustained a serious loss at the commence- 
ment of this year, by the death of one of its ministers, John 
Wilson, jun., a young man of great promise. The solemnity of 
his appearance and ministry, his devotion to God and His work, 
and his careful preparation for it are remembered to the present 
day. It is said that while preaching " he appeared like one 
standing on the margin of the invisible world, in holy converse 
with God." On December 28th he preached for the last time, in 
Dunmanway, from " The Lord is my portion," and although in 
the first stage of his final illness, seemed to be unusually happy. 
At Ballyneen, in the house of Francis Daunt, he became so ill as to 
be unable to proceed on his journey, and notwithstanding the 
eflForts of the physicians, the disease continued to increase. On 
asking for a New Testament, and it being handed to him, he 
pressed it to his breast, saying, ** It is enough ; it is enough ; the 
living and true witness. Thy promises delight my soul. My 
hope is full — oh, glorious hope of immortality ! " And on another 
occasion he exclaimed, " I see the promised inheritance, and shall 
soon be there." In this spirit of holy triumph he passed home 
on January 15th* and on the 18th his remains were interred in 
the ground, in firont of the new chapel, Bandon, thousands, it is 
said, being present to show their respect for his memory. 

Mr. William Foote of the Rosscarbery mission says that the 
Lord made bare His arm there, in the salvation of many souls. At 
Kilronane there was a very gracious awakening, which commenced 
with the conversion of a man who had been a proverb for wicked- 
ness, and the leader of a notorious and cruel fighting faction. 
On his conversion he became as zealous for Christ as he had been 
for the devil, so that in a short time a class was formed of sixty 
members, including at least two who had been Roman Catholics. 
The good work soon extended to other parts of the mission, in such 
a way as surpassed the highest expectations of the missionary, 
msnjr being led to laj down the weapons of their rebellion and 



CHAPTER IX. — 1828. 119 

enrol themselves under the banner of the Cross. At Rosscarbery 
the congregations were large and earnest, and at Millstreet there 
was a glorious manifestation of the power and mercy of God. 

At the annual missionary meeting in City road chapel, London, 
the first resolution was moved by the Earl of Mountcashel, who 
not only paid a high tribute to the zeal, endurance, and success of 
the Methodist missionaries in Ireland, but referred to one or two 
striking instances of a retributive Providence in regard to those 
who opposed them, for the accuracy, of which he himself could 
vouch. Thus one of these devoted evangelists liaving arrived at a 
village on a Sunday, and taken his stand near the Roman Catholic 
chapel, preached to a great multitude of people. The priest 
feeling much annoyed at this, placed himself at the head of a 
crowd, not far fix)m the preacher, and at a certain point in the 
discourse raised his arm as a signal to his followers, who set up a 
loud shout, to drown the voice of the speaker. This, however, did 
not discourage the servant of God, who proceeded to the end of 
his sermon. A few days afterwards, as the priest passed the place, 
he raised his arm, said, " That is the spot where the cursed heretic 
preached to the people," and immediately he was seized with 
paralysis, staggered backwards, and was taken home in a state of 
insensibility. 

At Newtownards, Robert Wallace, then a young man of sixteen, 
was brought into connection with Methodism. Bom and bred a 
Presbyterian, the first Methodist minister he heard preach was 
the Rev. James Patterson ; and the impression made on the mind 
of the youth was that what he had heard was in accordance with 
God's Word. He was aroused to a deep sense of his guilt and 
danger, sought the Lord earnestly, and at length, through the 
Divine blessing on a sermon preached by the Rev. Thomas T. N. 
Hull, from Isaiah liii. 5, was enabled to believe with a heart 
unto righteousness. His sense of God's pardoning love was clear 
and abiding; and thenceforward his supreme aim was to glorify 
God and save sinners from the error of their ways. His studies 
were prosecuted under more than ordinary difficulties ; but 
naturally endowed with an indomitable will, difficulties were 
regarded by him only as things to be overcome, and thus he was 
prepared for a position of commanding influence and extensive 
usefblness. 



120 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

From the Donegal mission the Rev. Edward Cobain writes 
that the labours of himself and his colleague, the Rev, John Feely, 
had been crowned with success, both as it regards numbers and 
the conversion of sinners. A new chapel in Dunkineely, com- 
menced by the Rev. Charles M'Cord, was finished. The opening 
excited considerable interest, and subsequently it was well filled, 
at the ordinary services, with serious and attentive hearers. 
Amongst those in this town soon afterwards brought into connec- 
tion with Methodism and converted to Gt)d, was George Vance, 
who has since then occupied such a high position in the esteem 
and affection of his brethren. His earliest powerful impression, 
in favour of fully deciding for Christ, was on a lovefeast day, in 
June, through a sermon preached by ]Mr, Cobain, when the 
penitent youth was urged by his elder brother and other leaders 
to remain for the after-meeting, but declined, as he was not a 
member of the Society. On the following evening, however, at a 
service conducted in a neighbouring farm-house, he obtained 
peace in believing, and then commenced an eminently successful 
career of quiet, steady, and faithful work for Christ. 

It had long been in contemplation to erect a Primitive 
Wesley an chapel in Cavan ; but this project was retarded for want 
of a suitable site. Lord Famham was friendly to the cause, sub- 
scribed to the funds, and was wishful to accommodate the Society 
with ground, but had not for some time an eligible place at his 
disposal. At length a new street was opened in a central part of 
the town, and this afforded the long-wished-for accommodation, 
which was at once granted. Here what was then considered a 
handsome structure was erected, under the superintendence, and 
to a great extent by the liberality, of Messrs. Smith and Fitzgerald, 
the leading members of the Society in Cavan ; and the opening 
ser^'ice was conducted by the Rev. Adam Averell. 

The extensive religious awakening of the previous two years on 
the Maguiresbridge circuit continued during the whole of this 
year. The labours of a third preacher were secured, and a regular 
plan was formed; but soon the work became too much even for 
the three brethren engaged in it. The converts sprang up " as 
among the grass, as willows by the water-courses;" and all the 
services were attended with the convincing, converting, and 
sanctifying po^er of God. At length, one after another, the health 



CHAPTER IX. — 1828. 121 

of each of the preachers gave way, until the three were laid aside. 
But two young men were secured as a supply for them, and they, 
aided by the leaders, carried on the good work. At a field-meeting 
held in June, on the commons of Fivemiletown, it was estimated 
that three thousand persons were present, while the Eev. Adam 
Averell preached with power on the nature and necessity of perfect 
love. Three years previously there were on this circuit eighty- 
eight leaders, and one thousand four hundred and forty members 
of Society ; now there were one hundred and forty-three leaders, 
and two thousand four hundred and sixteen members ; being an 
increase of fifty-five leaders, and nine hundred and seventy-six 
members.* 

On the Tanderagee circuit, where Messrs. William Pattyson 
and James Gr. Brown were appointed, the work greatly prospered. 
During the two years now about to end it was estimated that at 
least four hundred souls had been won for Christ. The clergy of 
the Established Church were amongst the warmest supporters of 
the Society, and arrangements were made for the erection of new 
chapels at Maghon and Scotchstreet. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference was opened on June 25th. 
Bobert Magowan of the Armagh circuit, who had been called out 
during the year, was received as having travelled twelve months, 
and eight candidates were admitted on trial. These included 
Samuel M'Clung of Fintona, James Eobinson of Ballykeel, 
Tyrone, Bobert Parsons of the Enniskillen circuit, and Bobert 
Wilson of DerryscoUop. Two deaths were reported, those of 
John Hurst and William Irons, who at the close of life triumphed 
over the last enemy. The increase in the membership amounted 
to one hundred and sixty-six. For the first time we notice a 
reference to a public reception into full connexion of the proba- 
tioners who had completed their term of trial. "The Divine 
presence," it is said, " was eminently felt at this meeting and at 
the Conference lovefeast, when every serious worshipper was 
refreshed and comforted." The missionary meeting was also 
interesting and successful. 

The Wesleyan Conference commenced its sittings in Dublin on 
July Ist, under the presidency of the Bev. John Stephens, who 
was accompanied by the Bev. John Jaiaes. The Bev. SamoAl 

♦ PHmUire Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, U^%, ^^. ^V\A^. 



122 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

Wood was elected secretary. Robert Jessop of Mountrath, and 
Henry Lucy of Doogary, near Brookeborough, having been called 
out during the year, were received as having travelled twelve 
months ; and there were admitted on trial four other brethren, 
including Thomas Meredith, John Williams of Carrickfergus, and 
William Lupton, a native of Yorkshire, who had come to Ireland 
as a Primitive Methodist preacher. Two ministers had died 
during the year — John Wilson, jun., to whom reference has been 
made, and John Malcomson, who preached for the last time only 
two days before his death, and finished his course rejoicing in 
Grod. Although the country had been painfully agitated by 
poUtical and religious discussions, and hundreds of members had 
been lost through emigration, the Societies were reported as being 
" in a state of gradual advancement and general prosperity," 
showing an increase of one hundred and fifty-seven, while the 
state of the cause in Cork, Bandon, Skibbereen, Belfast, Carrick- 
fergus, Lisbum, and a few other places was specially gratifying. 

The most important act of the Conference was the inaugura- 
tion of a noble and successful movement for the removal of the 
huge debt of more than eight thousand pounds that had for years 
hampered and crushed the Connexion. The preachers had to 
endure a series of painful and embarrassing privations, and during 
the eleven years which elapsed firom 1817 to 1828 voluntarily 
submitted to be taxed to the amount of £7,712 158. 6cZ., which, 
added to their subscriptions in 1805, 1811, and 1813, made a total 
of more than £9,000 contributed towards the debt. Various 
expedients had been employed to remove this great fiscal burden, 
but notwithstanding the self-denial exercised, all had failed, and 
nothing was paid but the interest. It was therefore now resolved 
that a great effort should be made to remove this debt, by each 
preacher subscribing at least ten pounds, and by an earnest appeal 
to the people. Every man seemed rejoiced at the prospect of 
deliverance, and those who had private means gave sums varying 
from fifteen to one hundred pounds. Thus within an hour about 
£1,800 was subscribed. The generous feeling which animated 
the preachers moved the people also, so that they responded to 
the appeal made to them by contributing £5,155, the largest 
contributors being Mr. Henry Cornwall, £500; Mr. R. Napper, 
Dablin, Mr. T. Pierce, Wicklow, Mr. William M'Connell of 



CHAPTER IX. — 1828. 123 

Belfast, and the Rev. William Stewart, £100 each. When this 
was announced at the British Conference it was at once resolved 
that the balance necessary to pay oflf the whole debt should be 
raised by the English preachers and their friends. Thus, with the 
Divine blessing, this vast undertaking was carried to a successful 
and joyful termination. 

The Bev. George Burrows was appointed as junior preacher to 
Mountrath, and in his Journal gives an interesting view of the 
state of the circuit. It included Abbeyleix, Maryborough, 
Durrow, Mountmellick, Stradbally, Ballyhuppahane, Coolbally? 
Oldtown, and Gurteen, in each of which there was a chapel and a 
good congregation. Amongst the leading families, reference is 
made to the familiar names of Kelly, Vanston, Odium, Foster, and 
Medcalf, A young man, named John Hatch Power, a native of 
Dublin, came to reside at Abbeyleix, with his grandfather, and 
thus was brought into connection with Methodism, led to hear the 
Gospel preached in saving power, and drawn in penitence of spirit 
to the foot of the Cross. Hence when it was decided he should 
enter the medical profession, and therefore return to the metro- 
polis, he carried with him the surest safeguards that ever sheltered 
a friendless youth or cheered a struggling student, in a 
determined purpose, an approving conscience, and a heart at 
peace with God. Dr. Power subsequently settled in Dublin, and 
became one of the first surgeons in Ireland, but ever remained 
faithful to Christ and to Methodism, exercising a widespread and 
powerful influence for good. 

A number of chapels were erected through the zeal and enter- 
prise of the Eev. Alexander Mackey ; and amongst the rest, one at 
Hyde Park. This village has given to Methodism, at home or 
abroad, a number of ministers, as well as laymen, who have 
rendered good service to the cause. At what time the Society 
obtained access to this neighbourhood is not quite clear ; but it 
appears to have been about the year 1817 ; and amongst the 
Methodists of this period were Jamison Sheppard, the first leader, 
Alexander Murdock, David Nesbitt, James Kane, and John 
M^Ilwaine. The services were held in private houses, then in a 
Bchool-house at Molusk, and that in time having proved inade- 
quate to meet the requirements of the Society, Mr. Mackey set 
about the erection of a chapel, aided by fhe «L\>ONft, wA ^tl 'Oeka 



124 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

completion of the building the opening service was conducted by 
the Rev, James B, Gillman, who preached a very able sermon 
from Deuteronomy vi. 4, In the evening there was a prayer- 
meeting, at which Matthew Thobum,* David Nesbitt, Alexander 
Murdock, and others took part, and several persons found mercy. 
A gracious religious awakening thus commenced, during which 
many were converted, and amongst others, James Murdock, who 
subsequently entered the itinerancy and did a good work for the 
cause. 

A second chapel, erected at the same time and through the 
efforts of the same minister, was at Ballyclare. This building was 
unnecessarily large, and owing to the nature of the site and other 
difficulties, involved a vast expense, which the circuit was ill able 
to bear. The opening services were conducted by the Revs. 
Daniel Macafee and James B. Gillman. The crowd that attended 
was very great, and the sermons were spoken of for many a day. 
Mr. Macafee's discourse, on Divine Worship, was published, and had 
a large circulation. Mr. William M'Connell held a mortgage on 
this property for £800, but generously cancelled it on condition 
that his name should be engraved on a plate in a certain pew, 
which was to be reserved for the preacher s family. A third 
chapel, built at this period and on this circuit, was at Island Magee, 
but details are not now available, except that reference is made to 
the consequent and cheering tokens of good in connection with 
the congregation. 

A neat chapel was also erected at Moira, in collecting the 
needed funds for which Miss Lutton rendered valuable aid. A 
brief glimpse is given of a visit paid by this devoted Christian 
lady to Omagh and Aughnacloy. Those who were present at the 
services conducted by her reported the sweet melodiousness of her 
voice, both in singing and speaking, the thrilling and impressive 
earnestness of her manner, and the deep devoutness of her spirit. 
Roman Catholics as well as Protestants, the intellectual and the 
wealthy as well as those in humble stations, flocked to hear her, 
at first perhaps from curiosity, but afterwards from love and 
reverence. 

The eldest daughter of Mr. Henry Sinclair t having married 

♦ Father of the Rev. Dr. Thobam. 
t Vide iL, p. 270. 



CHAPTER IX. — 1828. 125 

Mr. John C. Thompson of Ardmore, the ministers were invited to 
their hoase, which thus, for nearly sixty years, has proved a centre 
of light and blessing in this part of the county of Antrim. Mrs. 
Thompson was a woman of singular excellence ; with a character 
moulded and beautified by Divine grace, she lived a happy, loving, 
and blameless life for fifty years, and then died in the faith and 
hope of the Gospel. 

At Fermoy, where a chapel had been erected about six years 
previously, an unprovoked attack was made on the building, doing 
it serious injury. The Bev. Thomas Waugh having called the 
attention of Lord Mountcashel to this disgraceful outrage, his 
lordship replied, expressing his regret that the local magistrates 
took so little interest in it, promising to assist the Society in 
every way in his power, and fearing that it was only the prelude 
to more serious troubles, as political and religious animosity ran 
so high in that neighbourhood.* 

Daring the winter of 1828-29, through the Divine blessing on 
the labours of the Bev. Eobert Jessop, a very extensive and 
gracious religious awakening took place in Bandon and throughout 
the circuit, the results of which were of the most cheering and 
permanent character. Amongst those converted were the following 
young men, who subsequently entered the itinerancy : John Boyle 
Bennett,! William John Norwood, and John Henry Atkins.J 
Others, such as Thomas Elmes, Thomas Eobinson,§ and James 
Long, were received into the ministry of the Established Church, 
while not a few, including Thomas Clear, John Scott, and Thomas 
Bennett,|| long occupied prominent and useful positions in the 
Society, and their children and children's children have risen up 
to call them blessed. To those led to the Saviour at this period 
must be added the names of at least two sisters — Alice Sullivan, 
subsequently Mrs. John Harris, who long lived faithfully and 
earnestly to witness and work for Christ, and Elizabeth Hamilton, 
afterwards wife of Mr. Thomas Bryan of Dunmanway. 

The reports from the stations of the Primitive Wesleyan 
missionaries were of a cheering nature. In the county of Wick- 

• Unpublished letter to the Rev. T. Waugh. 

t Son of Hr. John Bennett of Clonakiltj. Vide ii., 362. 

X A grandson of Mrs. Elizabeth Atkins. Vide i., 370. 

§ Kephew of Sylvanus Bobinson. Vide i., 408. 

I Now of Shannon Yale— a gnmd-nephew of Thoma.% BexmftW* Vl&e\.^^V« 



126 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

low, at Coolafancy, Askakeagh, and Mullans, Mr. John Ramsey 
having found the congregations small and the people in general 
cold and indifferent as to religion, resolved to try and secure some 
new openings. The first place thus obtained was Cunniamstown, 
where a few persons were 'collected in a small room ; but the 
number so increased as to fill the largest apartment available. 
At Preban and Arklow commodious school-houses were placed at 
the disposal of the missionary, by the rectors, and regular services 
thus established in each. Access was also gained to Camew, 
Bathdrum, and Newtownmountkennedy. But the greatest en- 
couragement was given at Baltinglass, where in a short time the 
house could not contain the congregations, and application was 
made to the lord of the soil, who freely gave the use of the sessions- 
house, and it was generally crowded. 

From some of the northern circuits also there were gratifying 
accounts of the success of the good work. Concerning Maguires- 
bridge, Mr, William Herbert rejwrts that forty conversions took 
place at the December quarterly meeting there, and twenty-five 
at Fivemiletown ; while true religion continued to spread in all 
quarters^of the circuit. At Belfast, it appears, the preaching-house 
was too small to accommodate the congregations, the number of 
members continued to increase, and in one month' thirty souls 
were enabled to rejoice in God their Saviour. 

At Downpatrick, for some years, the Primitive Wesleyans had 
sustained considerable loss through not having a chapel, nor did they 
find it easy to procure a suitable site for one. During this period 
they had the use of the market-house ; but as it was used as a 
place of business, it could not be had at all times when required. 
Now, however, a plot was obtained, and the people contributed 
liberally to the erection, so that in a few months it was completed, 
and on November 9th opened, free of debt. This led to a marked 
improvement in the congregations. The December lovefeast 
proved a season of special and abundant spiritual blessing. 
Amongst the numerous witnesses for Christ was one old man, 
who said, " Many here have stated the gratitude they feel to 
God for giving them this house to worship Him in ; but surely, 
there is no one that has a right to feel as I have. More than fifty 
years ago, that man of God Mr. Wesley preached in this place, 
tpen a Jinen^ hall, and un'^er that sermon, and near the spot on 



CHAPTER IX. — 1828. 



127 



which I now stand, the Ix>rd convinced me that I was a sinner, 
and gave me to prove that He had power on earth to forgive sins. 
Oh, what gratitude I feel to Him for His loving-kindness to me, 
from that to the present, and for giving tts this house for His 
service, on a spot so dear to me ! " 



CHAPTER X. 

1829. 

At this period the question of Catholic emancipation was warmly 
and extensively agitated, and although the Methodists, as such, 
had taken little part in politics, and even now, as a body, took no 
action, yet as individual citizens they took an open and decided 
stand against a measure which they believed would be injurious 
to the best interests of the kingdom. Mr. Ouseley published 
several pamphlets, and wrote numerous letters to the public papers, 
both in England and Ireland, strongly opposing the proposal. 
The ground he took, as stated in writing to the Duke of Welling- 
ton and Sir Robert Peel, was that the Bomanists were sworn to 
maintain the creed of Pope Pius IV., " to condemn, reject, and 
hold accursed, as heretical, all men, religions, and books opposed to 
it, and to exterminate them in every way possible ; " and that, 
while affording them the fullest liberty, until these wicked oaths 
were explicitly and authentically abandoned, no attention should 
be paid to their claims or petitions to enjoy political privileges. 
The Bev. William Stewart, in an able letter to the Rev. Joseph 
Entwisle, takes a different ground, maintaining that the proposed 
measure would neither conciliate nor satisfy the Boman Catholics ; 
that they would receive it not as a matter of grace, but as an act 
of justice, for which they would thank, not the Government, but 
the Catholic Association ; and that they would be encouraged to 
further agitation until they obtained a full restoration of property 
and the re-establishment of their religion. The subsequent sad 
history of this country has only too plainly shown the correctness 
of these views. So far as loyalty and order are concerned, nothing 
has been gained by a policy of conciliation toward Popery. The 
large concessions made by Gt>vemment have been accepted only 
as instabnentBf and helps towards gaining complete independence 



CHAPTER X. — 1829. 129 

of British rule. Disloyalty and lawlessness amongst the Bomish 
population prevail more extensively than ever, and are only kept 
in check by the strong arm of law. 

Mr. Ouseley propounded a scheme, which, if any human means 
could contribute towards making Romanists loyal to a Protestant 
Government, would have succeeded. His proposal was that a 
provision should be made to support any priests willing to accept 
it, on condition that they would neither take remuneration from 
their people nor suffer any other ecclesiastic to do so. Thus the 
priests would have been freed from the trammels of their system, 
and placed in a position in which it would have been their interest 
to sustain the' Government ; while instead of paying men for teach- 
ing idolatry, it would rather be opening a door to them and their 
flock to escape from it. Ouseley's conviction was that if this door 
of escape had been wisely and mercifully opened, many Bomanists 
would have gladly availed themselves of it, and thus passed '^ from 
the foetid puddle of human corruptions to the pure and healing 
waters of the Gospel of peace and eternal safety." 

But to return to the labours of the itinerants. In February, 
1829, the New Connexion was deprived of one of its missionaries, 
Mr. Donaldson, of lisbum, who, after having laboured under a 
complication of diseases, borne with Christian fortitude, died in 
the triumph of faith and fiill assurance of hope. His place was* 
supplied by the Bev, J. Lyons, who says that at Stonyford and 
BallinderTy there were large congregations, but, for lack of leaders, 
no society ; at Moyrusk and Broughmore the classes were so large 
as to require to be divided ; at Maze a new society was formed ; 
at Priesthill the chapel was well filled ; and at Kilwarlin there 
was success ; while services had been resumed at Ballylough. In 
the midst of these successes, however, there were many things 
which retarded the progress of the Society, such as the poverty of 
the people, the debts on some of the chapels, and the distracted 
state of the country. Death also removed several of the oldest 
and firmest Mends of the cause, including Messrs. Nathaniel 
Dickey and George Carlisle. The latter was convinced of sin 
under the preaching of Mr. Wesley, and soon afterwards obtained 
peace in believing. The piety of youth he retained until hoary 
age, and in his dying moments he exclaimed, "Death has lost 
his sting. I long to depart and be with Chiiafc\ iot \ Vxy^s^ K^c^ss^ 
VOL. m. ^ 



130 HISTOBT OF MBTHOBISM. 

if this earthly house of my tabernacle were dissolved, I have a 
building of Gt)d, a house not made with hands, eternal in the 
heavens." 

Mr. Edward Sullivan, who was appointed by the Primitive 
Conference to the Down mission, states that the work prospered, 
and he had many openings for preaching the word of life. At 
Banbridge there was an increase both in numbers and in holiness. 
Promising services were commenced in Loughbrickland, which 
had been long " infamous for vice and immorality." At Warings- 
town and its vicinity there were many encouraging tokens ; while 
throughout the mission in general the congregations were large 
and attentive, and in nearly every place included some Romanists. 
During the year seven new classes were formed, some of the 
members of which were enabled to rejoice in Christ Jesus, while 
the others sought earnestly the same blessing. 

Mr. James Morrow was appointed to labour at Mallow, and 
some time after his arrival there were tokens of spiritual improve- 
ment — the droppings of a shower, which were followed by a larger 
outpouring of the Holy Spirit. At the commencement of the 
year the missionary changed with Mr. Edward Whittle, who was 
also acknowledged of God, and permitted to see " His goings forth 
in the sanctuary." A blessed religious awakening began, soon 
after the interchange, at first silently and amongst a few, and then 
it spread until it became more conspicuous and general, until 
about thirty persons were converted to God, many others were 
convinced of the necessity of a deeper work of grace in their hearts, 
and some of these were enabled to realize that perfect love which 
casteth out all fear. " Indeed," says Mr. Whittle, " I do not know 
that I ever witnessed such a thirst after — yea, and enjoyment of — 
holiness, as among our friends in this town." Such an account, 
from a quarter where many things contributed to prevent the 
lively and extensive progress of religion, was most gratifying. 

On April 22nd James Field of Cork writes, " We have blessed 
times. About eighty, I think, have obtained pardon, and twenty 
perfect love, within six weeks." The Rev. Thomas Waugh was the 
junior preacher on the circuit, and such was the estimate of his 
services entertained by members of the Established Church that 
on his leaving at the following Conference he was presented, by 
the leading clergy and laity of the county, with a copy of Matthew 



CHAPTER X,— 1829. 131 

Henry's Commentary, " as an expression of the extent to which he 
had won their admiration and esteem." 

Mr, and Mrs. William Haughton of Dublin, feeling a deep 
interest in the spiritual wel&re of the soldiers of Richmond 
barracks, resolved, if possible, to supply them with a chapel and 
Methodist means of grace. In accomplishing this object, while 
William gave of his substance, Bessie collected most, if not all, the 
money required. When soliciting a donation from the Earl of 
Roden, his lordship gave her a favourable hearing, and promised 
to write his reply. "Now, my lord," said she, with unaffected 
simplicity, " won't you give me a good deal ? " and he sent her 
£20, This was the tenth Methodist chapel erected in the metro- 
polis and its suburbs, and the good effected within its walls never 
can be estimated here. 

The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry had not found Methodism so low 
in any part of Ireland as on the Drogheda circuit, to which he 
was now appointed ; and " the worst is," he says, " that in many 
places we have few but Romanists to work upon, and they are not 
good clay for Methodist brick." As, however, his superintendent, 
the Rev. Andrew Hamilton, jun., and himself worked in real good 
earnest, the congregations greatly improved, a prayerful and 
earnest hope of a revival was awakened, and tokens of the Divine 
blessing were graciously vouchsafed. Amongst other fruit 
gathered were an Irish teacher and his wife, who had been 
Romanists, were converted, and joined the Society. They resided 
at Kingscourt, where a chapel had been erected about three years 
previously. On March 10th Mr. Tackaberry writes, "Our 
gracious God has visited us at C!omakill, near Kingscourt ; fourteen 
or fifteen persons have found peace with Gtod within four weeks, 
and there is reason to hope the good work will spread." And at 
the close of the Methodistic year he mentions that about fifty had 
joined the Society during the twelve months, and thirty -five or 
forty received pardon of sin. 

A meeting was held in Belfast, for the purpose of aiding in the 
general effort, then in progress, for the liquidation of the Con- 
nexional debt. Mr. William M'Connell was called to the chair, 
and the Rev. William Reilly read two printed addresses on the 
subject, and further explained the nature of the debt, the means 
proposed for its extension, and the practicsl t«%o\\;&\^<r\^ \,q\^^^ 



132 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the success of the effort. It was resolved to respond at once to 

this appeal, and upwards of £300 was subscribed, which was 

subsequently increased by contributions from absent friends. On 

the Committee that carried out this proposal we find the familiar 

names of Alexander Murphy, Joseph Young, and John Lindsay, as 

well as William M'Connell, the treasurer. At a leaders' meeting 

held in the town a month later a letter was read from James 

Wilson, who had been recently converted, giving the names of a 

number of boys formed into a class, and calling attention to those 

whom he considered eligible for membership, as distinguished from 

those on trial. These were approved of, and brother Wilson was 

unanimously appointed a leader. Nine months later he was 

elected superintendent of Donegal square Sunday-school, and thus 

another of the leading devoted Methodists of Belfast came to the 

front. Dr. John Aickin was also, at this period, brought into 

living union with Christ and His people. 

The Eev. William Reilly had now been three years on this 
circuit, where his labours and those of his colleagues were so 
successful that the Society increased from four hundred and sixty- 
four members to seven hundred and four. Miss Lutton writes, 
" In Belfast there is an astonishing revival. It is not surprising 
there to see ten, fifteen, twenty, or more converted in one meet- 
ing. Some find no rest for their souls in the public means, and 
spend the night in wrestlings with Heaven, till set at liberty." 
On one occasion this devoted Christian lady went to a meeting 
where were many anxiously seeking the Lord, and while she 
pleaded at the throne of grace on their behalf a whole row 
of penitents seemed simultaneously to lose their burdens and 
start into newness of life. 

On June 24th the Conference of the Primitive Wesleyans 
commenced its sittings in Dublin. Mr. Alexander Stewart was 
elected secretary. Four young men were admitted on trial. 
These included William Craig of Athlone, John Wherry of Tempo, 
and William C. Bice of Belturbet. The increase in the number 
of members amounted to two hundred and fifteen. 

The Wesleyan Conference began on July 7th, in Cork, under 

the presidency of the Rev. Jabez Bunting, who was accompanied 

by the Revs. George Morley and Robert Newton. The Rev. 

William Stewart was elected secretary, an office which he bur- 



CHAPTER X. — 1829. 133 

tained for two years, and the Bev. John F. Mathews assistant 
secretary, which office he held for nineteen years. Two preachers 
were reported as having died during the year — James Irwin, who 
closed his earthly career in holy triumph, and William Pollock, 
whose end was peace. The Rev. James Stuart was elected, by 
seniority, a member of the Legal Conference, in place of the Rev. 
James Irwin. Four young men were admitted on trial — James, 
son of the Rev. Matthew Tobias, Robert Huston, William Gather 
of Omagh, and William MuUoy of Castlebar. At the request of 
the Earl of Mountcashel, a missionary was appointed to Fermoy. 
The Rev. Thomas Waugh was appointed treasurer, and the Rev. 
William Reilly secretary of the Contingent Fund, offices which 
were sustained by the former for thirty years, and by the latter 
for fourteen. The Rev. William Ferguson was elected treasurer 
of the Auxiliary Fund, and the Rev. Robert Masaroon secretary, 
and they held these positions for twenty-five years. The Rev. 
William Crook became treasurer of the Chapel Fund, and con- 
tinued such for thirty-three years. The contributions to the 
Missionary Society were about four hundred poimds above those 
of the previous year, and the stations and schools were reported 
as in an encouraging state of prosperity. Although nearly one 
thousand members had been added to the Society during the 
year, yet, owing to emigration, the distracted state of the 
country, and other causes, the actual increase was only eighty- 
six. 

The Revs. Matthew Tobias, John F. Mathews, and James 
Tobias were appointed to Belfast, and wisely consob'dated the 
good work of their predecessors. Mr. Matthew Tobias formed 
a class of young ladies, and Mr. James Tobias of young men, and 
these, especially the latter, included many who subsequently took 
a very prominent position in connection with Methodism in 
Belfast. Amongst the number were Thomas Gr. Lindsay, William 
MuUan, Hugh Rea, Thomas Robinson, John Craig, and Henry 
Anderson, not to refer to more than one " elect lady " who did 
good service for Christ and His cause. 

At this time the origin of the temperance reformation took 
place. From its beginning, the movement has been associated 
with religious life. Those who originated it were — some of them, 
at least — God-fearing and man-loving men \ tb.^^ dx^^ ^\si *Cc^ 



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CHAPTBB X.— 1829. 136 

parposes. Amongst the first to put their names to this 
document were ministers of various Evangelical churches, the 
Revs. John Edgar and James Morgan, Presbyterians; Thomas 
Hincks, Episcopalian; John Wilson, Congregationalist ; and 
Matthew Tobias, Methodist. 

A society having been thus formed, it was considered 
desirable to hold a public meeting ; but some difficulty arose in 
securing a suitable place. Professor Edgar appealed to the 
members of the session of his own church, but they declined to 
grant the use of their meeting-house for any such purpose. 
Then, meeting with Mr. Tobias and stating the case to him, he 
at once placed Donegal square chapel at the service of the 
ardent temperance advocate, but added that as he himself was 
about to leave town for his country appointments, he could not 
be present. Large placards were then printed, announcing the 
meeting, on reading which the trustees of the chapel were not 
a little incensed at what their minister had done without their 
consent, but one of their number suggested that they should not 
condemn him until after he returned home and they heard his 
defence. Meanwhile, however, the meeting was held, and in 
Donegal square Methodist chapel Professor Edgar delivered the 
first public address in Ireland on Temperance. The evening 
proved exceedingly un&vourable, yet the house was so crowded 
that it was impossible to find accommodation for all who desired 
to obtain admission. The movement was now feiirly started, and 
soon spread north and south, east and west. 

Eobert Huston was appointed to the Newtownbarry circuit, 
and before starting from Castlebar,*his uncle, a devoted Methodist, 
said to him, "Now, Robert, in parting I will say to you what 
Daniel M'MuUen once said to me, * Expect little firom man, 
but a great deal from God Almighty.' The Lord be with you." 
This wise counsel often in subsequent years proved helpful to 
the youthful preacher. On arriving at Newtownbarry, he was 
cordially received by Mr. Thomas Barber, the leading member 
of the Society in the town, a man of strong understanding, varied 
information, and genial spirit, and a good local preacher. An 
ingenious turn which he gave to a passage of Scripture, when 
Huston bemoaned the i^ant of his mother, was not inappropriate 
under the circumstances : " Why, it is not one xasjWaKt ^oa ^^r^ 



136 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

have now, but a hundred, since the Saviour says, * Every one that 
hath forsaken . . . father or mother ... for My name's sake 
shall receive an hundred fold.' " 

The circuit included several small towns, such as Glonegall, 
Camew, Gorey, Ballycanew, and Camolin. There was no chapel 
then in Gorey, and the services were therefore held in the market- 
house. After some time a long and narrow malt-house was 
hired as a place of worship, and here were frequently realized 
times of abundant spiritual blessing. At one lovefeast in 
particular all present appeared to feel " the o'erwhelming 
power of saving grace." One of those who witnessed for Christ 
was a poor, illiterate woman, who lived in a cabin, behind a ditch, 
about a mile from the town. That morning she had borrowed 
a cloak to come to the meeting, and during its course walked 
up the aisle until she came near the pulpit, and then said, 
*'When I woke this momin' I found it was rainin*. I thought 
first. How will I get to the lovefeast ? But I thought ag'in, 
My heart is there, an' I'll make my oul' body thrudge afther 
it." A homely saying, but how full of reproof and instruction 
to many! At length a chapel was built there, towards which 
Mrs. Digby Foulkes of Dublin gave and collected ten pounds. 

At Clonegall the services were held in the house of old 
Mr. Sherlock, who had once, with his daughter on his back, 
walked to Newtownbarry to hear Mr. Wesley preach. This old 
saint was a timid but exemplary man, a Mr. Fearing, who, 
whatever his apprehensions were, " would not go back." Aft^r 
his death, the place of meeting was transferred to the residence 
of Mr. William Hopkins, a faithful leader and local preacher, 
who for more than a half a century acted as a home missionary 
in that locality. He was wont to traverse all the country round^ 
in order to bring the scattered and neglected Protestants to hear 
the Gospel in his house, and thus many souls were saved. 

A place, some three miles from Newtownbarry, called 
Sherwood, where Mr. and Mrs, Philip Butler resided, became 
the scene of a remarkable work of Gt>d. Mrs. Butler was a 
Christian lady of exalted piety, who had been led by Mrs. Arthur 
Jonesi to hear the preaching of the Gospel, and had been 
converted through the preaching of the Hev. Samuel Wood. Mr. 
Butler received what he called 'Hhe heavenly telegram of 



CHAPTER X. — 1829. 137 

pardon," while his wife pleaded with God on his behalf. No 
sooner did he pass from death unto life than he began zealously 
to seek the salvation of his neighbours and friends, and the 
Lord spared him long to witness and work for Christ, so that 
many will be his "joy and crown of rejoicing in the day of the 
Lord Jesus." One of those converted was a young man, named 
Benjamin Bayly, who when a class was formed at Sherwood 
was one of the first enrolled as members ; and his piety and 
natural talents soon led to his being called into a public sphere 
of usefulness. Even then there were scintillations of the buoyant 
wit, the glowing fancy, and the homely but fervid eloquence 
for which he afterwards became distinguished. Preaching once 
frcHn "The wicked is driven away in his wickedness," he made 
wickedness the chariot in which the sinner sat, while the devil 
held the whip and reins, and drove him pell-mell to perdition ! 

A striking instance of conversion took place at the first 
meeting of the above class — that of the venerable mother of 
Mr. Butler. At fourteen years of age she was convinced of sin, 
when on a visit to Oldtown, where the preachers used to visit. 
On her return home, she was considered dull and ill ; the doctor 
was sent for, and he ordered her into society. Having been 
invited to spend an evening at the house of the minister of the 
parish, and being asked to sing, she sang one of Wesley's hymns, 
for which the clergyman's daughter slapped her on the face. 
Her good impressions remained for some years after her marriage ; 
but on emigrating to Canada, she embraced Arian principles. 
Yet from the time of her first awakening until her return from 
Canada, this year, a period of half a century, she found no rest, 
and her mental agony at times was unutterable. At the service 
this morning, after several had spoken with melting power, Mr. 
Butler inquired, " Mother, have you no mercies to be thankful 
for?" "Yes, child," she said, "I have," and then, under an 
awful sense of her guilt and misery, outpoured the confessions, 
petitions, and hopes of a full heart. While speaking, she 
believed, obtained a conscious sense of pardon, and bore witness 
to it, to the inexpressible joy of all present. Two years later 
she died, rejoicing in the God of her salvation. 

The good work on the Drogheda circuit continued to deepen 
and spread. At Kingsoourt not only did \h^ coxln^iXa "^^^^ 



138 HISTOBY OF METHODISM. 

faithful, but the young men were like a flame of fire wherever 
they went ; at Drumear a few were brought to Crod ; and at 
Dundalk eleven professed to have obtained the pardon of sin. 
The cloud then moved in the direction of Drogheda. At a class- 
meeting two young men, who had been in deep distress about 
their souls, related how the Lord had removed their load of guilty 
woe. Then at a Sunday-evening prayer-meeting twenty-seven 
came forward seeking mercy, several obtained the desire of their 
hearts, and thus the work moved on. Many wondered to see any 
stir in cold, Pharisaic, High-Church Drogheda ; even some of the 
leaders looked on with fear and suspicion, but others joined in 
right heartily. The persons converted were in general powerfully 
awakened, and drank deeply of the wormwood and the gall. One 
of those led to the Saviour was a lad named James Elliott, who 
subsequently emigrated to Canada, entered the Methodist ministry 
there, and rose to be President of the Conference in 1867-68. 

The Kev. Alexander Mackey was appointed to the Antrim 
mission, and with that enterprise for which he was so remarkable, 
at once proceeded to make numerous repairs and improvements 
in the old chapel, during which the services were held in his 
own house. Here his niece, Elizabeth M'Lorinan, subsequently 
Mrs. John McDowell, was brought under deep conviction of sin, 
and continued for some months in such agony of mind as excited 
general sympathy. At length the Lord lifted upon her the light 
of His countenance, and made her unspeakably happy in His 
love. In all the ardour of new-bom zeal, she began to work for 
Christ, teaching in the Sunday-school, and collecting around her 
a number of girls, who soon became anxious about their souls, 
and were therefore formed into a society class, of which she was 
appointed to take charge. Leader and members were all most 
exemplary in their conduct and devoted in their spirit. They 
dressed with scrupulous plainness and simplicity, all finery, even 
to the wearing of a ribbon, being carefully eschewed, while often 
these pious girls withdrew to fields and other retired places to 
unite in earnest prayer for Heaven's blessing. Nor did the young 
convert confine her labours to those who were immediately 
committed to her care, but also visited the sick and poor, in 
which the Lord owned her efforts in the conversion of several, 
who lived and died rejoicing in Crod their Saviour. 






CHAPTEB X.— 1829. 139 

Towards the close of the year the Rev. T. Bobinson, the 
Saperintendent of the Missions of the New Connexion in Ireland, 
visited Armagh, and gives a stirring account of his reception. On 
repairing to the preaching-room, to his surprise he found the 
upper part of the door nailed up, and a number of Eomanists 
present, determined, if possible, to prevent a service being held. 
The police were therefore sent for, and thus the meeting proceeded, 
but in the midst of a scene of wild disorder, the people shouting, 
yelling, and making the greatest noise during the whole time. 
A second attempt to preach was made on the same day, but with 
similar results, which excited the sympathy of some of the 
respectable inhabitants, who offered gratis rooms, where the 
Methodists might worship God unmolested. Meanwhile the Lord 
took the cause into His own hands, visiting some of the 
delinquents with signal marks of His displeasure. The ringleader 
of the rowdies was found in his bed, dead, and a woman who 
belonged to the same party was called suddenly hence. On a 
subsequent occasion, during a service in the market-place, a large 
crowd assembled, the Eomanists jeered, hissed, and showed every 
mark of contempt, and even one of the oflBcers of the chief 
magistrate attempted to pull the preacher down, but was pre- 
vented. That evening nine pounds was offered towards the 
erection of a chapel in the city. 

The reports from the mission-stations of the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society were, on the whole, cheering. From the county of 
Wicklow Mr. Daniel Henderson writes that he had secured four 
new preaching-places. These were at Eathdrum, to which the 
missionary had been invited by the Rector, the Rev. William S. 
Guinness ; Cappagh, where there was a good congregation ; 
Tinahely, in which the services were held in the market-house ; 
and the neighbourhood of Baltinglass. Mr. George Revington, of 
Skibbereen, says that at Macroom they had been much incon- 
venienced for want of suitable premises, and had at length 
obtained the use of the new court-house, but as this was only a 
temporary relief, they were resolved, if possible, to erect a house ; 
while at Skibbereen, to meet the requirements of the congrega- 
tion, the preaching-house had been enlarged to nearly double its 
previous dimensions. 

On the county of Donegal mission Mr. TYiotaAa ^io^e^ SssvisA 



140 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

much opposition, yet was encouraged with tokens of the Divine 
blessing. At Eaphoe there was a prosperous society, but 
hampered for some time for want of a suitable place for public 
services, which at length was supplied, in the sessions-room, 
kindly granted by the bishop of the diocese. Here large and 
deeply affected congregations attended. At Castlederg there was 
an overflowing audience in the market-house ; and at Lifford, 
and a place about five miles from Letterkenny, school-houses were 
placed at the disposal of the missionary by the Church clergy. 
The Eev. R. S. Brooke, then a curate in this neighbourhood, tells 
of the difficulty he had to contend with from "a fulish auld 
Methody body " called Hatty Gallasp. She was daughter to a 
bygone parish clerk, and was bom and bred amidst Psalm tunes. 
Her voice was hopelessly cracked. She was as deaf as a post, and 
would not give in to any modem airs, but persisted in rejecting 
all but those which " her feather and her sung on Sabbaths in 
the wee gallery of Conwall church, when Eector Span was in it." 
Thus any little harmony in the singing was jeopardized by this 
amateur, who generally was half a dozen notes before, or a bar 
behind the other singers. Mr. Brooke once had the hardihood to 
expostulate, and suggested that she ^' should not sing quite so 
loud," when she answered, " I had a cowld, my dear, I had a 
cowld thon time ; but now I'se got quet of it, and praise be to the 
Maker, if I do not gie them a skirl on the Auld Hundredth next 
time. 111 gie yees leave to say, what neabody ever said of Hatty 
Crallasp or of her feather afore her, that she could na sing oot." 
Accordingly, when the occasion came she dashed out, upsetting 
every voice about her, holding time, tune, and harmony at 
defiance, and after the rest had concluded, continuing the 
strains, as she executed a prolonged solo, her poor old shaking 
voice quivering and quavering amidst the rafters " like an insane 
skylark in bronchitis." Yet Hatty sang with her whole heart. 

Mr. John Bamsey, who was appointed to Londonderry, obtained 
access to Inch, an island on which there were three places of 
worship, a church attended by only ten or twelve persons, a 
meeting-house without a minister, and a Soman Catholic chapel. 
One day the Methodist preacher took a walk along the strand, 
from which a boat used to cross ; it was impressed on his mind 
that he should go there, and accordingly he resolved to do so. 



CHAPTEB X. — 1829. 



141 



The wind blew rather stiffly, so the boatmen said they would wait 
until it became calmer. As they delayed, a man came up and 
expressed his intention of accompanying them. Mr. Ramsey was 
asked what object he had in view in visiting Inch, and candidly 
replied, "To preach the Gospel to the people." "Very good," 
said they, " but where will you preach ? " "I don't know a soul 
on the island, but 111 go and preach wherever the Lord opens my 
way." The stranger then said, "If you come with me I will 
introduce you to the most respectable farmers on the island, and 
you can sleep at my house." That night the servant of God 
preached in the house of his host, on the next evening in the 
Freemasons' Hall, to a large congregation, and subsequently 
obtained the use of the Presbyterian meeting-house, which was 
crowded, so eager were the people to hear the message of mercy. 



CHAPTER XL 
1830. 

The Rev. Adam Averell travelled much through the kingdom, and 
says he found " the work going on well everywhere, and the 
preachers more than ever sanguine and zealous." During these 
tours he opened several new Primitive Wesleyan chapels, 
including those at Maghon, Scotchstreet, Strabane, and Glenavy. 
The last-mentioned building was erected through the eflForts and 
liberality of Mr. John Moore Johnston, who about eight years 
previously, on his brother Philip becoming a Methodist, was 
invited by him to a lovefeast at Moira, and most favourably 
impressed with what he heard. Four years later another oppor- 
tunity was aflTorded him of hearing a Methodist preacher, and 
then he invited the itinerant to his house at Glenavy, as one of 
his regular stopping-places. A class was soon formed, of which 
Mr. Johnston became a member, and two of the Antrim leaders 
met it in turns, each alternate Sunday. These services were 
greatly blessed, and the number of members increased rapidly. 
Then a Sunday-school was formed, and as the place became too 
straitened, a preaching-house was erected. Mr. Johnston brought 
up his family in the fear of the Lord and in loving union with 
Methodism, so that they have been, ever since its introduction, 
the chief support of the cause in the village. 

A small Primitive Wesleyan society having been formed about 
twelve months at Loughbrickland, the cause prospered to such an 
extent as to render the erection of a chapel here necessary. 
Accordingly, application for a suitable site was made by Mr. 
Joseph Payne to the Marquis of Downshire, who readily granted 
it, and thus the needed house was built and opened. New and 
hopeful preaching-places were also secured by the missionary at 
Dromore and fiathfryland. 



CHAPTER XI. — I80O. 143 

On the Charlemont circuit, where Messrs. William Pattyson, 
James Bobinson, jun., and William Craig were stationed, a very 
blessed revival began in the vicinity of Tullyroan, spread all 
ronnd the neighbourhood, and soon extended to Charlemont. At 
one meeting, held at Loughgall, about twenty persons professed to 
have obtained peace with God ; at another service, at Tullyroan, 
about eighteen acknowledged having received the same blessing ; 
and at a quarterly meeting, held in Charlemont, such numbers 
were present that the adjoining parochial school was dismissed in 
order to accommodate those who could not get into the phapel, 
while about thirty were led to religious decision. At the close of 
the year it was estimated that from two to three hundred had 
been converted, while, after having filled all vacancies in the 
membership, there was an increase of one hundred and eighty-six. 

At a meeting of the Belfast Wesleyan leaders, on February 
22nd, the Eev. John F. Mathews desired advice as to how he 
should act in reference to a person who never attended class- 
meeting, yet always paid quarterage, wished to be considered 
a member of the Society, and desired to get her ticket. It was 
the decided opinion of those present that, as they did not sell 
tickets, no persons should get them who did not make it a 
matter of conscience to attend class-meeting at every opportunity. 
Four months later the chairman, the Rev. Matthew Tobias, 
having called attention to the considerable improvement which 
had taken place in the circuit funds, the stewards informed the 
meeting that the allowance to the married preachers on the 
circuit for board-money did not exceed thirteen shillings and six- 
pence per week, and proposed that it should be increased to 
eighteen shillings, which was unanimously agreed to. This is 
probably the earliest recorded intimation of attention being 
given to increased ministerial support. 

Mr. Shillington of Portadown having planned and built 
Tavanagh House, no doubt expecting to be spared for several years 
to work for Christy it proved otherwise. Towards the close of the 
previous year he preached from John iv. 14, at Ballymagemy, with 
freedom and unction. A leader accompanied him about a mile on 
his way home, and narrated a strange dream that he recently had, 
and that had aroused his fears. "Well," said Mr. Shillington, 
" you and I will soon pass over the stream •, but I'W ^o %cc^\.^'* «qAl 



144 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

80 it happened The same day, when about half a mile from 
Portadown, his horse fell, and he himself was hurt. Disease set 
in, which for several months shifted from one part of the body to 
another, until April, when he was completely prostrated. Although 
it was diflBcult for him to speak, he repeatedly bore testimony to 
the power of Christ to save. To his son-in-law, Mr. Paul, he said, 
" Oh, William, if I were like you, I would be preaching to all 
around ! " And to another he replied, " I don't feel as much joy as 
I thought I would have. I feel myself a poor sinner, and have 
only the atonement of Christ to look to, and trusting on that, I 
know I am safe." On the following morning one of his children, 
who was wetting his dying lips, said, " Father, you will soon drink 
the new wine of the heavenly kingdom," and he answered, " Yes, 
yes." Life lingered for only two hours longer, when he fell under 
" the shuddering dew of death," and his redeemed spirit escaped 
home to God. 

Although in his sixty-ninth year, the venerable and indefati- 
gable Gideon Ouseley prosecuted his labours with unabated vigour 
and success, travelling as extensively and preaching as frequently 
as at any former period of his life. Falsehood, in all its various 
and insidious forms, he attacked with heroic daring and marvellous 
skill. Some time previous to this a friar named Brennan affected 
to conform to the Established Church, but afterwards in Dundalk 
recanted, and published an elaborate penitential address, highly cal- 
culated to lull and ensnare unsuspecting Protestants. Well aware 
of the character of this policy, so common on such occasions, Ouseley 
published an able and conclusive reply, in which he proved the 
doctrinal teaching of the address to be in direct opposition to the 
Word of Grod, and therefore fiedse; insisted that the pretended 
friar believed neither his own doctrines nor the arguments by 
which they were supported ; and urged him or his priests to reply, 
if they were able ; but no answer appeared. 

Mr. Ouseley, indeed, had to use '^ the armour of righteousness 
on the right hand and on the left." About the same time a 
clergyman of the Established Church in the county of Fermanagh 
violently assailed the doctrine and discipline of the Methodists as 
the worst of heresies. The people were much affected by this 
attack, and felt an earnest desire that the missionary would write a 
reply. He did 00, and it was considered one of his happiest oon- 



CHAPTER XI. — 1830. 145 

troversial efforts.* Perhaps it derived its superior excellence from 
Ouseley's opinion of his opponent. In many other controversies 
he was convinced that he had to oppose wickedness, duplicity, and 
fraud, as well as false doctrine. In this case, much as he dis- 
approved of the sentiments he had to oppose, he believed that his 
opponent was a conscientious Christian man. While, therefore, 
he refuted with great acuteness the allegations put forth, traced 
their plausible error through its various sinuosities, and displayed 
an equal acquaintance with the Bible and the best productions of 
divines of the English Church, he treated his adversary with 
Christian candour and courtesy, and at the same time fully 
maintained what he believed to be the great truths of the Gospel. 

Writing from Tuam, the missionary says that for several years 
not a drop of his blood had been spilled, but that on the evening 
before, being assailed by a shower of stones, turf, dirt, and eggs, 
many of them had hit him, and one turf having struck his mouth, 
made him " bleed a little." In fact, two teeth were knocked out, 
yet he did not desist from preaching; he only paused now and 
then to relieve himself of blood, closed the service with solemn 
prayer, and retired under a shower of stones. During the erection 
of the Boman Catholic cathedral in this town, Ouseley told the 
masons they were not building it solid enough ; and when they 
asked why, said that they would have Protestant clergymen 
preaching in it one day. These words were often quoted by the 
people, who aflBrmed the prophecy would one day be fulfilled. 

In Dublin the Rev. David Stuart, minister of the Secession 
Church, delivered a course of lectures on the Calvinistic con- 
troversy, in which he bitterly assailed the Methodists and their 
religious views. These addresses were published in 1827, and 
appeared again in 1830. In these he says, '^ Arminianism is the 
Popery of Protestantism." " Wesley's Predestination Calmly Con- 
sidered is a most uncandid and unscriptural attack on the 
doctrine of Free Grace," and " The Anti-predestinarian is 
opposed to right reason ; his doctrine robs God of His glory, 
deprives Him of His essential attributes, and leads to Atheism." 
Such statements were not permitted to pass unchallenged ; for 
the Rev. William Stewart took this diWne in hand, and in an 

* EnUUed Predestination- Arminianutm ; or^ CalxMtU aud MetUAd\%t% T3'k>A.«^^ 
hy the Pmoer of Truth, 

VOL. nr, \^ 



146 HISTORY OF HfiTHODISM. 

able pamphlet, entitled Scripture Truth Vindicated, Miarepr^ 
sentationa Corrected and Objections Refuted^ clearly showed how 
unjust and unscriptural were the charges preferred against 
Methodism. 

Miss Lutton paid a visit to the metropolis, where she spent six 
months, leading a life of almost incessant activity. She had a 
weekly meeting, attended by members of her own sex, many of 
whom were ladies of high social position. She obtained access to 
the Bridewell, and lectured and prayed with its unfortunate 
inmates, numbers of whom wept as she spoke, and on leaving, 
earnestly entreated her to return. She also did a good deal in 
visiting ladies, " who took it into their wise heads that she was 
doing them good,'* as well as the poor, the sick, and the afflicted ; 
and thus a blessed work was done for the Master. 

The Eev. Dr. Clarke, accompanied by the Kev. James Everett, 
visited the north of Ireland, and was the guest of John Cromie 
Esq., Portst^wart, a gentleman for whom he entertained the 
highest esteem and Christian aflFection. On Sunday morning 
April 25th, he preached one of the missionary sermons in 
Coleraine, and says, *' The congregation was large and deeply 
attentive. The Mayor and some of the magistrates were present, 
the former being one of the collectors." The Eev. James Everett 
preached there in the evening, while the learned doctor discoursed 
in the Portstewart chapel, " as full as it could be of anxious and 
deeply attentive hearers.*' 

The English missionary deputation to the south were the 
Eevs. George Marsden and Philip Garrett, and their plan included 
Clonmel, to which they were accompanied by the Eevs. William 
Eeilly and John Feely. The meeting was held in the Wesleyan 
chapel ; the chair was occupied by the Eev. Dr. Bell, an Episcopal 
clergyman, and the circuit ministers were the Eevs. David Waugh 
and Eobert Masaroon. Before the hour appointed for opening, 
the house was densely crowded by a wild and unruly rabble, that 
had succeeded in breaking up a previous meeting of the Bible 
Society, and intended to serve the Methodists in a similar way. 
The rowdies, however, did not make any serious disturbance until 
Mr. Marsden, the mover of the first resolution, had spoken for 
some time, when suddenly they raised a loud and horrid yell, 
showed every sympUmi of resorting to violence, and turned the 



CHAPTER XI.— 1830. 147 

meeting into a scene of wild and appalling tumult. Mr. Waugh 
reasoned and remonstrated, on the grounds of the penalty incurred 
by such gross interruptions; Mr. Masaroon, in silvery and per- 
suasive tones, pleaded that the service should be allowed to 
proceed ; and the chairman ever and anon stood up, saying, 
"Gentlemen, what is your object? what is your object, gentle- 
men ? " But all in vain ; the disturbers only became more noisy 
and turbulent than ever. Mr. Marsden sat with hands clasped 
and a look of deep sorrow, while Mr. Garrett started on his feet 
and seemed about to leave in despair, when Mr. Beilly rose and 
succeeded in some measure in stilling the tumult ; but perceiving 
it was only temporary, closed saying, " Now, boys, listen to Mr. 
Feely, who will address you in your own loved tongue." Feely at 
once stood up, took the hint, and for about an hour,. in language 
the most tender and pathetic, pleaded in Irish the cause of Christ. 
The turmoil immediately ceased, and the rowdies listened to his 
earnest appeal with increasing attention and interest. Well 
might Eeilly say, " It was a sublime sight, such as I had never 
before witnessed." When the speaker, drawing to a close, 
described the death of Stephen, and falling on his knees on the 
platform, with uplifted hands and streaming eyes, represented the 
proto-martyr as praying for his murderers, the eflFect was electrical. 
The excited people were overwhelmed, awe-stricken, and enrap- 
tured, and instead of tearing down the platform and abusing its 
occupants, sought for Mr. Feely that they might chair him 
through the town, an ordeal from which he narrowly escaped by 
slipping away unnoticed with a friend. 

At the anniversary of the Missionary Society in London the 
Eev. Thomas Waugh represented Ireland. At the public meeting 
in City road chapel the Earl of Mountcashel presided, and Mr. 
Waugh was one of the speakers. " I love my country," said the 
latter, **and deplore her desolations; but shall I be looked upon as 
ungrateful if, for a moment, I touch upon her evils and narrate 
her woes? In Ireland ignorance abounds, and the natural and 
necessary fruit of ignorance is vice. In many parts of the 
country, society seems almost disorganized, and there is distress 
such as is not to be met with in any other part of Europe. It 
may be said that in England crimes are perpetrated of as black a 
dye as in Ireland. I allow it ; but in thia lalid ^\iJc5^^ m^^victfsiL 



148 HISTORY or METHODISM. 

pursues the perpetrators, whereas in Ireland sympathy goes with 
the wrong-doers. Let it not be said that political disabilities and 
misrule have produced this. The truth is, the majority of our 
countrymen are under the shackles of a degrading superstition, 
from which they can be delivered only by the light of life ; and 
let but this arise upon them, and great eflfects will be produced. 
It may be asked, What has been the fruit of our labours? A 
i-tand has been made against evils which would have overwhelmed 
us ; beacons have been erected here and there, which will never 
be extinguished until the fulness of time come ; and thousands 
are this day in glory who owe their happiness and everlasting 
safety to the labours of our missionaries." 

The reports from the various mission-stations were of a cheer- 
ing character. At Celbridge and Trim it is stated some new 
places had been opened and two additional classes formed. At 
Tarbert a neat chapel had been set apart for public worship, and 
the day-school was well attended. At Ballymote eleven houses 
had been opened for the preaching of the word, three Sunday- 
schools, with one hundred and twenty scholars, had been com- 
menced, and a commodious chapel finished. At Donegal twelve 
new preaching-places had been obtained, many souls had been 
awakened and converted, and after making up for all losses by 
death and emigration, one hundred members added to the Society. 
On the Eathmelton and Stranorlar mission, where Messrs. Eem- 
mington and Saul were stationed, a very gracious revival had 
taken place. Upwards of seventy persons were converted, nine 
new classes were formed, and in some places the membership 
^as trebled. There was a net increase of one hundred, with 
eighty-four on trial. Seven Sunday-schools also were commenced, 
so that there were no less than six hundred and fifty-three 
Sunday-school scholars on the mission. At Magherafelt several 
new places were opened, some additional classes were formed, and 
the day-schools prospered, while the Sunday-schools contained 
about twelve hundred children. 

The Conference of the Primitive Wesleyans commenced its 

sittings on June 30th, with Mr. Thomas M'Fann as secretary. 

Henry Taylor of Dublin, James Moffett of the Clones circuit, 

and William Moore were admitted on trial. The increase in 

the number of members returned was nearly four hundred. 



CHAPTBR XL— 1830. 149 

" The Lord," it is said, " has manifestly revived His work in 
Dublin, and also graciously opened our way to new places and 
widened the sphere of our operations." The missionary depart- 
ment especially had risen to such a position of importance that 
it was resolved to appoint Mr. George Revington as a general 
secretary, who should visit the circuits and missions, and with 
whom the missionaries should hold a regular quarterly correspon- 
dence. This plan proved so successful that in the course of three 
years it was found necessary to appoint a number of persons to 
labour as schoolmasters and Scripture-readers. 

The Wesleyan Conference began in Dublin on July 6th. The 
Rev. James Townley, D.D., presided, and was accompanied by the 
Eev. John James. Thomas, son of the Rev. John Nesbitt, William 
Bumside of Ballybay, John Byrne, William Starkey, and James 
Hughes were received on trial. Two brethren had died during 
the year — John Kerr, who "finished his course happy in Grod,'* 
and Blakely Dowling, who, " with a hope full of immortality, 
calmly fell asleep in Jesus." The increase reported in the num- 
ber of members was fifty-one, and would have been much greater 
but for a serious loss of five hundred and eleven by emigration. 
A searching inquiry was made into the financial circumstances of 
the ministers, as several, owing to the severe privations they had 
to endure, had become involved more or less in debt. 

In reply to the question, " What is the judgment of the 
Conference in respect to the use of ardent spirits?" it is said, 
" That we enforce the Rules instituted by the Founder of our 
Society, which prohibit the buying or selling of spirituous liquors, 
or drinking them unless in cases of extreme necessity, and we 
cordially approve of the principle of the societies lately estab- 
lished for the encouragement and promotion of temperance." 
A strong resolution was passed in favour of the abolition of Negro 
slavery. It was agreed that the plan previously adopted, of young 
men on trial preaching a special sermon at the end of four years, 
should be dispensed with, and that instead they should preach 
before their respective district meetings each year during their 
probation, and also that much more attention should be given 
to the examination of candidates and preachers on trial, A plan 
recommended by the Book Committees in London for the relief 
of the Book Room in Dublin was accepted. 'B^ AXiSa «rresi?^«a5^«^^» 



150 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

the latter was given up ; all books thenceforward were to be 
ordered from London, and the Committee there agreed to grant 
£500 per annum until the Irish debt was paid off, and then to 
give each year £300 to the Irish Contingent Fund. It was 
directed that a list of questions, relating to the proper business 
of the district meetings, should be prepared and forwarded to 
the chairmen, " in order to promote accuracy and uniformity " in 
the order of business. 

The public services of the Conference were largely attended 
and of unusual interest. This was specially the ease with the 
missionary meeting held in Abbey street chapel on July 12th, 
when a speech of the Rev. John James made a wonderful impres- 
sion. Having referred to a converted Negro slave, Pierra Sallah, 
whose liberty the Committee were anxious to purchase, that he 
might be employed as a missionary, the matter was at once taken 
up, and money continued to be forwarded to the platform until 
the required amount was contributed. 

Soon after Conference, a chapel was opened at Ringsend, 
being the eleventh Methodist preaching-house erected in the 
metropolis, and in it a Sunday-school was commenced, under the 
superintendence of Mr. Samuel M'Comas, who continued in 
charge of it for nine years. Subsequently he became connected 
in succession with the Abbey street, Poolbeg street, and Dalkey 
schools ; and although his other Church duties became increasingly 
numerous, he never lost his interest in the children, and never 
appeared happier than when talking to them about spiritual 
things. It was at this time Mr. M^Comas identified himself with 
the Abbey street Society, a connection that continued for about 
forty years, and involved his sustaining the o£5ces of leader and 
circuit-steward, as well as holding other important positions in 
the Church, which he did with Christian zeal and fidelity. 

In September William M^Clure was received on trial into the 
New Connexion Conference, and appointed to BelfiEist. The 
preaching-places on his plan were York street, Milltown, Falls 
road, Newtownbreda, Saltwater bridge, and Lagan street, as well 
as a number of private houses. At the end of three months he 
writes, with regard to his circuit, that the leaders evinced a 
praiseworthy readiness to co-operate with the preachers in the 
£^reat work of Christian philanthropy. Before and around them 



CHAPTER XI. — 1830. 151 

lny a ripe and extensive harvest. At Lagan street the congre- 
gations were very attentive, but persons in very humble circum- 
stances. At Sandy row the audiences were only middling, owing 
to the lack of regular services. In Newtownbreda there was 
uflually a numerous and attentive company, who had suffered 
much, but whose losses were in some measure made up by the 
zeal of their leader. In Milltown the congregations were increas- 
ing and the society prospering; a new opening at Woodbum 
promised well; and at the administration of the Lord's Supper 
in York street there was pleasing evidence of success, in several 
young persons coming forward and publicly testifying their faith 
in the atonement.* 

The venerable and indefetigable Ouseley was now at length 
stricken down. Having preached for three months, at from 
sixteen to twenty-one times each week, without a day's inter- 
mission, when leaping his mare across a fence in the county of 
Leitrim, she stumbled and fell, while he felt something in his 
heel give way with a loud crack — the Achilles tendon was broken. 
Yet he proceeded to his appointment, and not only "preached 
that night to the assembled crowd with great freedom, but on the 
following day opened a new chapel in Drumshanbo, and in 
response to a pressing invitation from a clergyman in Mohill, 
spent five days there, preaching night and day to amazing 
crowds of Romanists and Protestants." Many souls were converted, 
and the whole country round appeared to be moved. He then 
returned home, and for nearly eight months was not able to leave 
his house, yet in patience he possessed his soul. " Here I lie in 
peace," he says, " upon a bed of doubtless salutary affliction, under 
the care of a kind wife and a merciful Father who neither slumbers 
nor sleeps." When able, he seized the opportunity of sketching 
a plan for the employment of Scripture-readers, sent it to the 
Missionary Committee, and offered an annual subscription towards 
the carrying of it out. 

The Eev. Robert Huston was reappointed, with the Rev. John 
Carey, to the Newtownbarry circuit. Here the thrilling accounts 
which he heard of the revival in the country sixteen years 
previously set him to long and pray for a return of such days of 
grace. Nor did he plead in vain. At first there were drops that 

♦ Memoir of the Rev. W. M*C\\ire, VV- ^^^^« 



162 BISTORT OF METHODISM. 

betokened the coming shower. Then at Ballycanew two or three 
professed to have received the pardoning mercy of God. The 
flame thus kindled soon spread, and conversions began to multiply, 
until every week sinners were led to the Saviour. Field-meetings 
were sometimes occasions of uncommon power. At one of these, 
held near Clough, there was a large attendance, and before a 
word was uttered the people wept on every side. A young scape* 
grace stood on a ditch, facing the congregation, and by various 
antics endeavoured to divert and distract attention ; but when, 
after preaching, a form was placed for penitents he was the first 
to come forward, cut to the heart and crying aloud for mercy. 
The lovefeasts also were seasons of great refreshing and blessing. 
Hugh, son of the Rev. Alexander Moore, rode from Rathdrum to 
one at Ballycanew, a distance of about twenty-five miles, in ardent 
expectation that he would obtain mercy there ; and though it was 
a blessed meeting and he was greatly encouraged, he did not 
obtain the desire of his heart until some time subsequently, 
Bible-classes and house-to-house visitation were also greatly owned 
of God. 

Camew, on this circuit, remained for a long time 

** un watered still, and dry, 
While the dew on all around 
Fell plenteous from the sky.'* 

The congregations were large and attentive, but Calvinism being 
rife, religion became more a matter of opinion or of angry con- 
troversy than of personal experience and enjoyment. Edward 
Kehoe, a plain man, a zealous leader and exhorter and a man of 
prayer, who lived here, proved a true yokefellow, giving hearty 
and self-denying co-operation in promoting the work of God, 
One fruit of his conversion was fervent longing, followed by 
aggressive effort, for the conversion of his Roman Catholic 
neighbours. This, of course, roused the ire of the priest, who 
exclaimed, one day, in haranguing his flock, " Good Christian 
people, what has the world come to? Ned Kehoe, the brogue- 
maker, is turned sowl-saver ! " A suggestive speech, for the 
parties to labour for the conversion of others are such as have 
themselves turned fix)m sin to God, and the object at which to 
aim is not to make proselytes, but to save, Camew was hard soil, 
and therefore it was arranged that special prayer should be 



CHAPTER XI. — 1830. 153 

offered on its behalf all roand the circuit, and not in vain. The 
next time Mr. Huston visited the town, at a prayer-meeting after 
preaching, some fourteen persons, convinced of sin, came forward 
to the penitents' bench, crying for mercy. Amongst these was 
John Walker, who was taught the way of God more perfectly, and 
obtained mercy under the ministry of the Rev. John Hadden, and 
subsequently entered the itinerancy. The preaching-place was 
a large room, stretching over the top of two or three houses. It was 
at this or a similar meeting, the windows being open, that the 
people in the street hearing a loud wail of penitence, inquired one 
of another, " Where's the fight ? Where's the fight ? " It was 
a good fight against sin and Satan. This revival was distinguished 
by the stability of its converts. Forty-four years subsequently the 
Kev. Robert Huston writes, " Most of those * who abide and remain,' 
whether in Ireland or in distant lands, * continue unto this 
day ' to hold fast their integrity. Nearly a score of preachers, 
travelling and local, were amongst the fruit of this gracious 
visitation; and I am free to confess my persuasion that the 
stability of this work, and its wide-spread and enduring results, 
were largely owing, under God, to Mr. Carey's wisdom, fidelity, 
and fatherly care." One of the converts referred to by Mr. 
Huston was Henry J. Giles, a native of Clone, who subsequently 
entered the itinerancy. 

The Rev. William Crook was appointed to Tralee, where a 
chapel had been recently erected, and where the Lord gave him 
some precious souls for his hire. One of these was a lad of 
fifteen, George Grant, a native of Cork, who one Sabbath was 
powerftilly impressed under the preaching of the word, and at the 
subsequent lovefeast apprehended the nature of saving faith, as a 
little girl, twelve years old, described her conversion. He then 
found *' redemption in the blood of Christ, even the forgiveness of 
sins," rose and bore a grateful testimony to what God had done 
for his soul, and great was the joy of both the minister and his 
flock. Five years later that dear lad was received on trial as a 
Methodist preacher. Mr. Crook was also the means of introducing 
Methodism into Killorglin. A young man, named John Martin, 
having been awakened through the ministry of the Rev. William 
Richey, and led to seek a conscious sense of sins forgiven, no 
sooner obtained the blessing than he joined t\ift ^jocAfiX*^ «sA\sfc^eiSi. 



IM HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

to work for Christ. Believing that those who had been made a 
blessing to himself might also be instrumental in leading others 
to the Saviour, he got permission from his master to invite the 
Methodist preacher to the town. Mr. Crook at once responded to 
the call, and thus Methodism obtained a footing there. Mr. 
Martin, on his settlement in life, opened his house to the servants 
of God, and received them with kind and cordial hospitality, and 
in time two of his sons entered the itinerancy. 

The Rev. John Armstrong was appointed to the Donegal 
mission, and in this extensive field his labours were greatly owned 
of God. In the town itself, permission having been given by the 
Conference, a neat chapel, capable of seating about two hundred 
persons, was erected on a spot previously so notorious for wicked- 
ness that it was called " the flags of damnation ; " but soon the 
new edifice could not accommodate even the members of the 
Society that assembled at the quarterly lovef easts. It was no 
uncommon thing for numbers to crowd round the door and 
windows, and in these places not only listen to others, but narrate 
their own religious experience. Entries like the following abound 
in the Diary of Mr. Armstrong : " At Ballintra a crowd attended ; 
our class is nearly doubled." " At Dunkineely quarterly meeting 
the chapel was quite full, the meeting was very good, and several 
souls were converted to God. There were not less than fiftv on 
their knees together, crying for mercy.*' '^At Ballyederlan I 
preached to a full house, and am thinking of dividing the class,'' 
it having become so large. " At Ardara I preached three times, 
to great congregations. This country is in a blessed state." " At 
Doorian the house was more than full, and all seemed to hear for 
eternity." " At Ballyshannon I preached four times, and met 
forty in class. We are rising here. A few months ago we had 
hardly a friend in the town ; now we have six or seven families." 
** At Bundoran, where we have had a gracious outpouring of the 
Spirit, we have a few zealous and steady friends, who have been 
made a blessing." " Ballintra lovefeast was one of the best I ever 
held. We had ten souls converted, and many convinced." When 
the year closed there was an increase of one hundred and thirty 
in the membership. 

Early in the century a preacher, probably Mr. William Kidd^ 
Aad visited Ballynure, and preached on horseback in the street. 



CHAPTER XI. — 1830. 



155 



Others also had followed at intervals, and openings had been 
obtained in the adjoining country at Ballygowan and Ballylagan ; 
but no footing was secured in the village until now. Mr. Beatty, 
an English Methodist, came to reside here, as manager of a cotton 
mill, and thus a class was formed, of which Benjamin Elliott * of 
Ballycor was appointed the leader. Other meetings also were 
held, and were largely attended. 

From the Lisbum station of the Primitive Wesleyans Mr. 
John Noble writes, " The Lord has been graciously reviving His 
work in some parts of this mission, particularly at Ballinderry, 
where the Society is much increased and the people greatly 
stirred up. In this good work I have been assisted by a young 
man who preaches locally, and whose labours have been profitable 
to the people. I preach in the house of one man who was 
formerly a Boman Catholic, and in that of another who is still one, 
bat has ceased to attend the services of his Church, and has been 
awakened to concern for his soul. We have now and again a good 
many of that persuasion who come to our meeting, and if I may 
judge from their spirit and conduct, they are likely to be 
profited." t 

* Father of John Elliott of Frederick street chapel, Bel&st. 
t Primitive Wet/eyan Methodiit Magazine^ 1831, p. 97. 



CHAPTEE XII. 
1831. 

The attention of Dr. Adam Clarke having been called to the 
destitute state of some Protestant districts of the country, in 
respect to the means of education, he wrote to the Rev, Samuel 
Harpur of Coleraine for further information on the subject, and 
was informed, although much had been done, much remained to 
be done; that there were numerous populous districts without 
schools ; and that his taking up the case of Ireland, as he had done 
that of Shetland, would do incalculable good. The venerable 
doctor, therefore, formed a plan for the establishment of six daily 
schools in neglected districts of the counties of Antrim and Derry, 
and in carrying out this project was generously aided by the Hon. 
Miss Sophia Ward and other friends. The first of these schools 
opened was at Portrush, on January 1st, 1831, when thirty-seven 
children were present; but soon the attendance was doubled. 
The second commenced was at Cashel. Having succeeded thus far. 
Dr. Clarke again visited his native country, and having arrived at 
Belfast, proceeded to Antrim, Coleraine, and Portstewart, in each 
of which, as well as in Ballycastle and Ballyclare, he preached to 
large and appreciative congregations. At Portstewart a good 
woman who was present left in high dudgeon, saying, " I'll ne'er 
gang to hear Doctur Clairk mair; he sais that a' the folks is 
sinners ! Vera pretty indeed ! I'll na hear him ag'in ; I'd gae 
fowr mile sunner." The doctor, with great satisfaction, inspected 
the schools at Portrush and Cashel, and started others at Prolusk, 
Billy, Gorran, and Lissan, Some little misunderstanding arose as 
to the means by which these schools would be supported, and the 
danger of their coming into conflict with those established by the 
Missionary Committee; but this was soon dispelled by ezplana- 



CHAPTER XII. — 1831. 167 

lions, and the doctor exulted in the accomplishment of his noble 
and benevolent purpose. 

Miss Lutton paid a visit to this district of coimtry, and 
laboured with characteristic zeal and success. The following 
testimony, from a countrywoman, with a huge handkerchief tied 
on her cap, was encouraging : " I live," said she to the lady 
preacher, " five miles frae this toon, and I jist gaed in after ye, to 
speer about whan ye'd hae a meetin' here ag'in ; for our hale 
kintra-side was a' doon wi' ye whan ye had yer last gathering in 
Bushmills, an' we never saw as mony tears drappit on a dry floor 
afore, an' we'll jist stap o'er and see it ag'in, if we only heard the 
time for it." Miss Lutton engaged to send her word, and she left 
in great spirits, saying, " Do, dear, an' Jean M*Conaghy will be 
wi' ye in a crack, an' a' the neebors at her heels." 

On one occasion when Gideon Ouseley visited Armagh, where 
he intended to reside, to be near, as he said, the Somish Archbishop, 
he called upon the Eev. Dr. Stewart, rector of Loughgilly, about 
three miles firom Markethill. The doctor invited the missionary 
to stay for dinner, which he consented to do, on condition of being 
allowed to preach in the evening* This was readily granted ; it 
was announced in the parish school that Mr. Ouseley would preach 
at seven o'clock, and the children were requested to inform their 
parents and neighbours. In due time the rector and the preacher 
came to the school-house, but the door was locked, and the teacher 
flatly refused to open it, saying that the school received support 
from Erasmus Smith's Board, and it would jeopardize his salary to 
allow a Nonconformist to preach in the house. Dr. Stewart then 
taking the arm of Ouseley, said, " Come with me, and I will give 
you a place to preach, where no one can prevent." They walked 
together, followed by the congregation, to the parish church, 
where the missionary was handed into the pulpit, and delivered a 
powerful discourse, remembered to this day. The clerk of the 
church and some members of his family were converted, and some 
years afterwards entertained the Methodist ministers, when they 
extended their labours to the parish.* 

A little chapel at Lissacaha, on the Skibbereen circuit, was 
opened by the Rev. William Reilly. One of those present states 
that there, in that humble structure, standing on a chairi the 

* Lyon's Methodism on the AimagYi CVc^xiiVi^^A^*^. 



158 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

servant of God preached such an able, powerful, and eloquent 
sermon as he never heard before or since. And in that lowly 
sanctuary many a soul has been won for Christ. 

The Rev. John Saul appears to have been requested to pay a 
visit of inspection to the mission schools in the south and west, 
and gives a cheering report of the results of his observation. 
These institutions, he says, had become increasingly successful in 
effecting mor^l and religious good. In some of the schools from 
sixty to one hundred chapters of the Scriptures were repeated by 
Soman Catholic children with astonishing precision, and the 
Wesleyan Catechism was well known and understood by many, 
while not a few had become acquainted with the Saviour, and even 
been the means of leading their parents to taste the sweetness of 
the Redeemer's love. At Dunmore the schoolmaster, a converted 
Romanist, notwithstanding the denunciations of the priests from 
the altar, visited the Roman Catholics in the neighbourhood, 
read, sang, and prayed with them in Irish, and gained their 
affectionate esteem, so that the Lord greatly blessed his labours.* 

Although but few ministers at this early period identified 
themselves with the Temperance movement, those who did so are 
worthy of all honour. One of these was the Rev. Matthew 
Lanktree, sen., then stationed as a missionary at Bangor. He 
says, " When a voice from America roused us from our slumbers in 
this country, and turned our attention to danger and duty, I was 
apprehensive at first that it was a call to self-denial unwarranted 
by the precepts or example of our Ijord, but soon found that my 
views were very inadequate. A deluge of intemperance had 
overspread the nation, and we could only stem the torrent by 
the most vigilant and determined perseverance in an opposite 
direction. I saw the tempting stimulants making such inroads 
on some whose interests lay near my heart as must have been 
ruinous if not speedily counteracted. Supposing, then, that the 
use of ardent spirits could not be proved unlawful, to me it must 
have been most inexpedient ; and therefore I resolved that in my 
family the seducing liquid should not be tampered with, nor any 
encouragement to touch, taste, or handle it be derived from my 
example. My determination was strengthened by weighty 
considerations, which pressed on me as a Christian minister, 

* nesleyan Method'at Magazine 1S31, p. 135. 



CHAPTER XII.— 1831. 159 

whose example in all things shonld be a living commentary on his 
addresses to the consciences of others. And many advantages 
have resulted from the firm stand which I thus made and the 
frequent advocacy of the subject in which I engaged." * 

Mr. Joseph Payne, of the Primitive Wesleyan mission at 
Hanbridge, states that the Lord had been graciously pouring out 
His Holy Spirit on that station, in a place where the people had 
been not only very careless, but grossly immoral. Many were 
turned to the liOrd, and week-evening prayer-meetings were 
established, which were numerously attended and greatly owned 
of God. On Easter Sunday a new chapel in Banbridge was 
opened under auspicious circumstances, by the Rev. Adam Averell. 
The congregation was large and respectable, and the Lord 
assisted His aged servant in proclaiming the glad tidings of 
salvation, so that it proved a most profitable season. The 
collection, in addition to what had been subscribed, almost 
defrayed the entire cost. On the following Sabbath a Sunday- 
school was commenced, and there were present twenty-five 
teachers, with one hundred and forty-five scholars.f 

On June 28th the sixteenth annual Conference of the Primi- 
tive Wesleyan Society began in Dublin, with Mr. John Stephenson 
as secretary. One death was reported, that of James Robinson, 
jun., a young man who died "in the assurance of a blissful 
immortality." There was a decrease in the number of members 
of five hundred and forty-eight, chiefly owing to emigration ; one 
hundred and seventy, with eleven leaders, having thus been lost 
on one circuit alone. 

The Wesleyan Conference commenced its sittings at Belfast on 
July_6th. The President was the Rev. George Morley, who was 
accompanied by the Revs. Robert Newton and John James ; and 
the Rev. Thomas W. Doolittle was elected Secretary, an office 
which he continued to hold for nine years. The Revs. James 
Smith, James Stuart, and Robert Strong were reported as having 
died in the full triumph of faith. The Rev. Thomas Waugh was 
elected by ballot a member of the Legal Conference, in the place 
of the Rev. Gustavus Armstrong, superannuated; and the Rev. 
Alexander Sturgeon was elected by seniority, in the place of the 

• Biog^phical Narrative, pp. 371-72. 

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CHAPTER XIL — 1831. 161 

the Lord has helped me in the midst of incessant labours, for in 
every place the crowds run together to hear as soon as they know 
I am come. I generally preach from fourteen to sixteen times 
each week. In the county of Longford I had great congregations 
everywhere." By invitation of a local magistrate, the brave old 
missionary preached in Keenagh twice, and such numbers attended 
his services as had not been at the like in that town previously. 
He then proceeded to the county of Leitrim, and preached to an 
immense crowd, including many Romanists, in the street of Mohill. 
He also obtained the use of a large school-room, and being enter- 
tained by the rector, remained three days, conducting two or three 
meetings each day. Amongst others, two notable conversions took 
place through the Divine blessing on these services. One was a 
young man whom the priests offered to send, free of expense, to 
college and get ordained ; but he refused, went to Trinity College, 
Dublin, and out of seventy-three candidates for entrance, took the 
first place. The other was a young man named Gibson M*Millen, 
who had been trained with reference to the Presbyterian ministry, 
was now engaged in the Ordnance Survey, and subsequently 
entered the Methodist itinerancy. 

The Rev. William Hamilton was a supernumerary at Trory, on 
the Enniskillen circuit, where the following characteristic incident 
occurred : Being on familiar terms with the parish priest, he said 
to him one day, " Do you watch my flock, and let me watch yours, 
and if we find anything improper let us inform each other, and 
try to put it right." The priest agreed. So on a Sunday morning, 
as Mr. Hamilton went to meet a class, he espied one of the priest's 
<!ongregation spurring a game-cock for a fight, and proceeding to 
Ms reverence, at once informed him of it, and asked if it was 
right. " Certainly not," replied the other. " Show me where he 
is." Mr. Hamilton took him to the place. " Bring out that cock," 
said the priest. The man did so, with fear and trembling, and the 
preacher held the animal while the priest cut off his head. 
•'* Now," said Mr. Hamilton, " when you find any of my people 
engaged in such practices just tell me, and I will take steps to 
prevent them!" 

It is pleasing to note the first recorded instance of co-operation 
between the two largest Methodist Societies after the lamentable 
division of 1816. It occurred at Killamey, aii^ ^N\^ftTWc^ ViXORft^ 
Tox. in. "VV 



162 mSTOBT OF METHODISM. 

from a sense of a common danger. The Secretary of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Missions having been prevented by sickness from visiting 
the. town, his place was supplied by a preacher from Ork, and the 
Rev. William Molloy also attended the service, which was held in 
the court-house^ A large rabble, however, took possession of the 
room, and not only greatly disturbed the congregation by unseemly 
noises, but at length proceeded to violence, throwing missiles at 
the preacher. In the midst of the tumult and danger, Mr. Molloy 
•tood nobly by his brother itinerant, and closed the meeting for 
him with earnest prayer.* 

Several attempts had been made to introduce Methodism 
into Whitegate, in the east of the county of Cork, but without 
success, owing to the opposition raised against the Society. Now, 
however, a Mr. and Mrs. Makeaney, from the county of Fermanagh, 
having settled in the village, invited the Primitive Wesleyan 
preachers to their house, and a little class was formed, of which Mr. 
Makeaney was appointed the leader. His course, however, was 
soon run, as in about three months he was smitten with fever 
and died. Mrs. Makeaney then took charge of the Sabbath- 
morning meeting, laboured earnestly and faithfully for Christ, 
and when prohibited from having services in her house, hired a 
room for the purpose. The rector of the parish did not approve 
of this, and to obviate the necessity of the preacher's visits, 
commenced a week-evening lecture himself in Mrs. Makeaney's 
house ; but through her wise and consistent conduct, his prejudices 
were disarmed, and the cause became firmly established in the 

village.! 

At this time Wesleyan Methodism had no position in Aughrim, 

but several of the respectable inhabitants desired to see services 

again regularly held in the town. One of these, a farmer named 

William Seale, oflFered to the Society, rent free, a commodious 

bam or storehouse, which he undertook, with local assistance, 

to fit up for a school and preaching-room. This offer was 

accepted, and a teacher named Frederick Pilch appointed to take 

charge of the school. He was a most acceptable local preacher 

and leader, and began at once, with great zeal and success, to 

work for Christ in the town and neighbourhood. One afternoon 

* JMmitive Wesleyan MethodiH Maganne, 1S31, p. 405. 
t JHd, 186S, pp. S72'7b. 



OHAPTBB XIL — 1831. 163 

Frederick Elliott, a lad of thirteen, who resided at G-lenlooghaun, 
was told about this little man, who preached with such ability, 
and was asked to go and hear him in the house of Mr. Charles 
Wakefield of Urraghry. The youth consented, went to the 
service, and the word preached was accompanied with power to 
his heart, so that he concluded, ''If there are such persons as 
successors of the Apostles, this is one of them," while the singing 
of the closing hymn, " Lord, dismiss us with Thy blessing," with 
the chorus, ^' I'm bound for the kingdom," fedrly captivated him. 
Thenceforward young Elliott was a Methodist. Pilch soon after- 
wards emigrated to New York, where he obtained charge of a 
mariners' church.* 

At the expiration of his lease, Seale was deprived of his fkrm, 
and the Wesleyan premises handed over to the Established 
Church. He then went to live at Urraghry, and invited the 
preachers to his house. On going to and returning from it, the 
servants of God passed the residence of Edward Farrington, who 
had a large family. Mrs. Farrington, although a Roman Catholic, 
read the Bible, and one day, having read the 4th chapter of 2nd 
Kings, and knowing that the Methodist missionary passed her 
house, she said to her husband, '^ Might we not prepare a room, 
a bed, a stool, and a candlestick, and invite the man of God to 
turn in with us?" The proposal was promptly accepted, the 
preacher came to the house, and the glad tidings of salvation 
were proclaimed there, while the children were wont to repeat, 
with great delight and accuracy, to the missionary the portions 
of Scripture, Catechism, and hymns they had learned during the 
intervals between his visits.t In the course of a few years, how- 
ever, this interesting femily went to America. 

The Rev. Elijah Hoole, who had been appointed twelve months 
previously Agent of the Missionary Committee in Ireland, soon 
after his return from the British Conference, paid a visit of 
inspection to the mission schools. At Dunmore he found up- 
wards of fifty children present, most of them decent in their 
appearance and orderly in their behaviour, and also observed 
tokens of improvement and of the influence for good which had 
been exercised in the neighbourhood. At Lawrencetown, where 

* Unpublished Antobiogrraphical Sketch ot Re7. ¥. ^WiqXXk 
f Unpublished Jonmal of Rev. Q, BurroTi^ft 



164 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

a chapel had been erected about two years, the school was pros- 
perous and useful, and consisted of one hundred and thirty-six 
scholars, of whom more than one hundred were Roman Catholics. 
At Cloghan, however, where there had been one of the largest 
and best-conducted Methodist schools, it had to be closed, as the 
priest had withdrawn all the children of his people, much to the 
sorrow of their parents. This was done not on the ground of any 
disapprobation of the character or conduct of the teacher, but 
solely by order of the diocesan, who had issued a mandate that 
all children should be removed from Protestant schools.* At 
Carricknahoma, in addition to the Methodist meetings, a clergy- 
man of the Established Church conducted a service in the 
Wesleyan school-house every Sabbath. At Ardara there was 
a good school, a lively society, and a congregation that more than 
filled the place of meeting. The school at Doorian was well 
attended, and though it had not been established twelve months, 
so highly was it esteemed that Romanists as well as Protestants 
freely gave many days' labour to the erection of a new building, 
then much required. At Magherafelt, where a chapel had been 
erected two years, and at Bellaghy, the masters being pious and 
faithful men, the schools were very efficient and much valued in 
their respective neighbourhoods. The school-house at Camlough 
was the only Protestant place of worship in the parish where it 
stood, and the school itself maintained its useful character. In 
the twelve schools in the north visited by Mr. Hoole there were 
fourteen hundred and twenty-two children, of whom three hun- 
dred and sixty-nine were Roman Catholics.f 

Notwithstanding all that had been effected by the Established 
Church and by Methodism, the condition of the masses of the 
people, as to education and religion, continued at a very low ebb. 
Long degraded by ignorance and superstition, they were the 
slaves of the priests of Rome and the ready tools of political 
agitators. For a state of things like this, while severe preventive 
and repressive measures of law were necessary, it was felt that 
more thorough education was also required ; not simply the mere 
learning of the mechanical arts of reading and writing, but the 
training of the young in the great truths of morality and religion. 

* Wesleyan MethodUt Magaziw, 1S31, p. 866. 
f Ihid, 1832, pp. 65, 66. 



CHAPTER xu. — 1831. 165 

Earnest and successful efforts had been made for some years, 
more especially by the Society for Promoting the Education 
of the Poor in Ireland, generally known as the Kildare Place 
Society, the leading principles of which were "the admission 
of pupils^ uninfluenced by religious distinctions, and the reading 
of the Bible or Testament, without note or comment, by all who 
had attained a suitable proficiency." The Committee consisted 
of Boman Catholics as well as Protestants, and the Government, 
by grants of public money, aided the beneficent work of the 
Society. This system, however, became offensive to the Bomish 
authorities, who did not permit their people to have the unre- 
stricted use of the Sacred Scriptures; and to meet these objec- 
tions, Mr. Stanley, Chief Secretary for Ireland, proposed that the 
education of the lower classes should be placed under the control 
of a Board appointed by the Grovemment, and should be carried 
out on the principle of united secular and separate religious 
instruction. Thus a provision was made for the education of the 
masses in such a way that, while morality and religion were not 
neglected, there could not be even the suspicion of proselytism. 
To this project a storm of opposition was raised, chiefly by the 
clergy, Protestant and Catholic, Episcopal, Presbyterian, and 
Methodist; but the public in general approved of it, and in 
time the ecclesiastical authorities saw the serious mistake they 
had made, in not promptly availing themselves of an institution 
which has proved the means of incalculable good to the country. 
It is but right to add that some of the Methodists in England 
did not sympathize with the views of their Irish brethren on this 
question. In the Magazine an opinion is expressed favour- 
able to the plan of the Government, " not as being all it could 
be wished, but all that could reasonably be hoped in the circum- 
stances of the country." * And at the subsequent meeting of the 
British Conference the paragraph in relation to the Education 
question in the Irish Address was severely criticized by the Revs. 
Richard Watson and John James, but supported by the Rev. 
Jabez Bunting. 

* Wesleyan Methoditt Magazine, 1S32, p. 304. 



CHAPTEE XIII. 

1832. 

In January, 1832, one of the leading members of the Society in 
Sligo wrote to Mr. Ouseley, giving a very cheering view of the 
results of a visit of the missionary to the town and of the 
prosperity of the cause. The writer says, ''Many in this 
neighbourhood have much cause to be thankful to Grod that 
in His providence he led you to visit us. A great revival has 
taken place, and many are inquiring the way to Zion. Our 
parting scene at the chapel will not soon be obliterated from 
the memory of those who were privileged to be present, and it 
has been the theme of much conversation since then. Numerous 
hard hearts were melted under Mr. Hull's ministry on New- 
year's Eve. The sermon was sublime and powerful. Several 
have joined the Society. He is growing more energetic and 
useful every day, and drawing great congregations." These 
services were held in the old chapel at the river-side. Mean- 
while a new, commodious, and substantial building was erected 
in Wine street, at a cost of upwards of ^800, to obtain which 
Mr. Hull collected from door to door in the town, as well as fit>m 
some of the neighbouring gentry. This house was opened by 
the Eev. Alexander Mackey, who drove in his gig all the way 
from Antrim for the purpose. The adjoining manse was built 
subsequently, leaving a heavy debt, which proved for some years 
a serious encumbrance to the circuit. 

The following pleasing testimony to the success of Methodism 
is borne by the Eev. C. Croker, in an unpublished letter addressed 
to the Bev. Thomas Waugh, and dated Curryglass, January 
14th : " Within the last few months the Almighty directed a 
most eminent and zealous person, Mr. Feckman, to these 
mountains. At first I thought him loud and austere, but 



CHAPTER xm. — 1832. 167 

upon a closer acquaintance fonnd him so sincere and valuable 
a worker among my poor people that I had him. at my school- 
house as often as I could, and went with him to Kenmare. ' I 
confess that until I met him I was not aware of the close walk 
with God a devoted Christian may maintain, and how much 
bek>w my privilege I had been living, I feel much impelled 
to join your Society, from a conviction that the members are 
the most earnest in seeking the love of God." 

Mr« Ouseley made an extensive tour, in spring, through the 
south of Ulster. At Ballyjamesduff, as he preached in the 
street, a priest listened, twice visited the missionary at his 
lodgings, had a good deal of free and friendly* conversation on 
religious subjects, and cordially invited him to his house. At 
Killashandra, in a great crowd, there was nothing but peace and 
good-will, satisfetetion beaming on each face, and no distinction 
perceptible between .Bomanists and Protestants, while at prayer 
every head was uncovered. At Belturbet, where the servant 
of Qod was entertained by the High Sheriff, there was a good 
congregation in the police barracks, the chapel being under 
repair, and in the market a multitude of Catholics and Protestants 
listened with deep seriousness. At Enniskillen '^ there was a 
great movement among the people," about eighty souls having 
obtained peace with God during one week. Ouseley remained 
here eight days, and almost every night sinners were awakened 
and led to religious decision. On the market-day he preached 
in the street to an immense crowd, and the word was accom- 
panied with great power ; and on the day of the lovefeast 
the chapel could not contain the congregation, so the windows 
were raised, and many stood and listened outside. At Irvine»- 
town, Ballinamallard, Maguiresbridge, Brookeborough, and Clones 
not only were the audiences very large, but there were blessed 
tokens of extensive revivals. 

The Killashandra circuit, on which Messrs. James M^Cutcheon 
and William G. Campbell were stationed, was also favoured 
with a gracious outpouring of the Holy Spirit. At the March 
visitation of the classes a considerable number of persons 
were admitted on trial. One Sunday, at Corlisbrattan, the word 
was accompanied with unusual power, and eight persons obtained 
peace with God. At Carrigallen the house was filled mt^ 



168 HISTORT OF METHODISM. 

persons in deep spiritual distress, and ten stood up and praised 
God for pardoning mercy. Thus the work spread through the 
circuit ; scarcely a meeting was held at which there were not 
some either convinced of sin or converted to Grod. At times 
the services were continued all nighty the distress and anxiety 
of the penitents being such that they would not leave without 
obtaining the desire of their hearts. At one meeting thirty 
souls were won for Christ. The leaders entered heartily into the 
work, the classes were greatly increased, and the public congre- 
gations became so large that the houses were too small for them. 

Nor were these times of refreshing confined to the south of 
Ulster ; in the east, on the Tanderagee circuit, to which the 
Eevs. Edward Hazleton and John Nash had been appointed, 
there was a remarkable religious awakening. Nobly aided by 
a choice band of leaders and local preachers, the ministers set 
themselves to promote the salvation of souls, and their united 
endeavours were crowned with abundant success. The sacred 
fire ran quickly, and spread throughout the circuit, field-meetings 
and other additional services were organized, and in every part 
there was a gracious movement, which soon extended to the 
surrounding country. The result in part, so far at least as the 
circuit itself was concerned, was that in three years the number 
of members of the Society increased from 892 to 1,250. This 
time of power was marked by the deepening of the work of 
grace in the hearts of believers, as well as by an extensive 
ingathering. 

Mr. William Pattyson was appointed by the Primitive 
Wesleyans to the Manorhamilton circuit ; and here, although the 
young man assigned him as a colleague did not attend to his 
appointment, and thus a serious loss was sustained, the I^rd 
poured out His Spirit abundantly in awakening and reviving 
power. So anxious were the people to obtain spiritual blessingrg 
that they would not leave until they received the desire of their 
hearts, and thus the evening services were sometimes continued 
nearly the whole of the night. It was estimated that not less 
than three hundred souls were brought to know Jesus as their 
Saviour, while the increase in the number of members was 
upwards of one hundred and fifty. 

A stiSl more remarkable and extensive work of grace took 



CHAPTER XIII. — 1832. 169 

place on the Enniskillen circuit, where Messrs. William Browne 
and Bobert Wilson were stationed. So low was the caase that 
when their predecessors left the steward was £20 out of pocket, 
and a tax of 58. per class was imposed on the Society to meet the 
deficiency; while at the first lovefeasts at Cosbystown and 
Springfield there were not more than two dozen people present. 
At, however, the succeeding lovefeast at Cosbystown the attend- 
ance]was much larger ; a backslider who had been restored to the 
Divine favour on the previous evening was the first to speak, 
and his experience was made a great blessing to others who had 
turned aside firom the way of holiness, and several of them were 
restored to the joys of God's salvation. The next meeting was 
held at Springfield, where there was not much spiritual life 
apparent until near the close, when the Spirit was poured out, 
and many cried aloud for mercy. These indications of the 
Divine favour excited high expectations with regard to the love- 
feast in Enniskillen, conducted by Mr. Pattyson, and these hopes 
were more than realized. The attendance was very large, the 
people spoke with great fireedom and power, and the service was 
turned into a prayer-meeting, during which sixteen souls were 
won for Christ. At its close Mr. Pattyson said to his brethren, 
" I tell you, for your encouragement, there is a cloud of blessing 
hanging over your circuit, and it is designed by God to refresh 
the whole community." These words were almost prophetic, 
for the good work continued to deepen and spread, and a 
glorious harvest was reaped. No available house could contain 
the congregations that assembled to hear the word preached, so 
frequently two adjoining buildings were used simultaneously, 
and when the weather permitted it, meetings were held in 
the open air. Funds increased so rapidly that not only all 
deficiencies were paid, but large sums were available for the 
erection of new chapels. About fifteen hundred persons 
are said to have been savingly converted. And so marked 
a change took place in the conduct of the people that the annual 
races, which had been attended by vast crowds, were patronized 
by very few, and intemperance seems to have ceased. One of 
those converted was James Irwin of Springfield. Some of the 
worst men in the country were arrested and turned to the Lord. 
One of these having been convinced of wiy yif^s^ ^ ^^^"Avi!^ 



170 HISTORY OF HBTHODISH. 

affected that he appeared to have lost his reason. His great 
importunity in seeking a present pardon led some one to say^ 
" Don't set God a time ; " but he replied, " I will," and cried aloud, 
'' Lord, Thou hast said that in the day I seek Thee with my whole 
heart Thou wilt be found ; here is my heart." That moment be 
received a conscious sense of sins forgiven, his countenance beamed 
with holy joy, and he went home praising and blessing God. 

Times of refreshing from the presence of the Lord were also 
vouchsafed to other circuits, including Gavan, especially at 
Ballyconnell and Newtownbutler, Clones, where Thomas Foster 
was converted, Maguiresbridge, Ballyshannon, and Charlemont. 
Mr. William Taylor of Lisbellaw writes, " I am greatly delighted 
in seeing the Lord has once more visited thid barren part of His 
vineyard ; upwards of two hundred and forty souls have been 
converted to God." And again, " I have seen the wonderful work 
of the Lord in converting, at my house and other places, hundreds 
of souls, including at least fifteen of my Sunday-school children." 
This success led to the erection of a preaching-house, in complet- 
ing which Mr. Taylor took a very active part. He also built, 
convenient to this place of worship, a dwelling-house for himself, 
in which the servants of God were hospitably entertained.* Nor 
was the south of Ireland left unwatered and unblest. In Dublin 
an unusual unction accompanied the word preached, special 
prayer-meetings were held, and souls were converted ; at Cork 
a gracious revival took place, and was productive of blessed 
results; while at Mallow, within a few weeks, about twenty 
persons found redemption in Christ, and others were led to 
realize the all-cleansing power of the Saviour's blood. 

There were on this side of the Channel three denominations of 
Methodists — the Wesleyan, the Primitive Wesleyan, and the New 
Connexion ; but now a fourth, the Primitive Methodists, entered 
the country. The Shrewsbury circuit sent the Rev. Mr. Haslam, 
the first missionary of this body, to Ireland, and he made Belfast 
and its vicinity the sphere of his operations. He commenced his 
labours on Sunday, April 8th, by preaching twice in the open air 
in Smithfield. Some disturbance took place at the services, but 
this was stopped by the authorities. In the course of a few days 
a room was hired in Rea's court, where services were regularly 

* Primitive Wesleyan MethodiH Maaazine, 1851, p. 399. 



CHAPTER XIII. — 1832. 171 

held and a society was formed, until a dispute having arisen with 
the authorities in England, Mr. Haslam resigned, and joined the 
New Connexion. However, the work was continued, more especi'- 
ally by means of camp-meetings and other open-air services, which 
proved attractive, on account of the intense earnestness of the 
preachers, the lively tunes sung, and the hearty sympathy of the 
worshippers. A few weeks after a minister had thus been sent to 
the north, the Preston Brook circuit sent another to the south. 
The Rev, F. N. Jersey arrived in Dublin ; but upon conversing 
with some friends there, on the propriety of holding open->air 
services, he judged it inexpedient to make the attempt, and there- 
fore left for the north, making Newry the centre of a field of 
labour embracing Banbridge, Loughbrickland, and Dromore. The 
Divine blessing rested so signally on his efiforts that at the following 
Conference he reported eighty-six members. A few months after 
the opening of the Belfsist and Newry missions a missionary was 
sent to Lisbum, and he extended his labours to. many places in 
the neighbourhood, in which small societies were formed and 
encouraging prospects of success appeared. 

Dr. Clarke paid his last visit to Ireland, arriving at Donaghadee 
on May 18th, and on the following Sabbath preached there to a 
large and deeply attentive congregation. He also occupied the 
pulpit at Newtownards, where there was a crowded house ; but 
severe indisposition having set in, he was confined to his room, 
and prevented fix)m making the excursions through the country 
he had intended. However, having in some measure rallied, he 
visited and preached in Belfast and Coleraine. Of the latter he 
writes, " I used to praise the Coleraine Society as one of the most 
Methodistical in all our Connexion ; but that generation has passed 
away, and there is scarcely son or daughter left to light the lamp 
of the Lord or to keep watch in the city by night. Order and 
discipline are now wanting. Preaching does not commence till 
eight o'clock in the evening. Want of method and order in 
Ireland is like the withering blast of the desert ; it ruins every 
green thing." Matters, however, soon began to improve, and to 
this improvement the learned doctor himself contributed not a 
little. His visits to the town and his great personal influence had 
done much to raise the character and increase the power of 
Methodism. In addition to this, some xotteu bx^xiic^*^'^ ^%x^ ^%^ 



172 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

off, which gave life and strength to the parent stock, so that the 
Society, though not numerous, was sound and good. On June 2l8t 
Dr. Clarke bade a last farewell to the land of his nativity. 

On June 27th the seventeenth annual Conference of the 
Primitive Wesleyans commenced its sittings, and Mr. John Mallin 
was elected^Secretary. George Kobinson of Newtownbutler, who 
had been called out as a supply during the year, was received as 
having travelled twelve months; and James Harvey of Bel&st, 
John Carlisle of the Antrim mission, and Richard J. Dawson were 
admitted on trial. Robert Parsons, a young man of promising 
talents and deep devotion, was reported as having passed to the 
Church triumphant. The increase in the number of members 
amounted to ^nearly two thousand, although more than four 
hundred had been lost by emigration. The subject of the new 
system of National Education having been brought under the con- 
sideration of the Conference, a resolution strongly disapproving of 
it was passed imanimously, and it was resolved that a petition to 
that effect should be presented to each of the Houses of Parlia- 
ment. 

The Wesleyan Conference met in Dublin on July 5th, under 
the presidency of the Rev. George Marsden, who was accompanied 
by the Revs. Theophilus Lessey and John Beecham. The Rev. 
Thomas W. Doolittle was elected a member of the Legal Conference, 
in place of the Rev. James Bell, superannuated. Benjamin Bayly 
and Henry Geddis were received on trial. Three of the brethren 
had been removed by death during the year. They were the 
venerable Gustavus Armstrong, the devoted John Foster, and the 
youthful and promising Thomas Nesbitt; and all died well. 
Although no less than six hundred and eighty members had been 
lost by emigration, after filling up all vacancies, there appeared an 
increase of four hundred and twenty-nine. The missions at 
Kenmare and Lecale appear especially to have prospered, while 
there was an increase of three hundred in the scholars attending 
the daily schools, A considerable number of these children were 
the subjects of religious impressions, and a large proportion of them 
were the children of Roman Catholic parents. Resolutions ex- 
pressing the necessity of sound religious instruction, and condenm- 
ing the National system, were adopted. 

Ireland was now visited by that fearful scourge Asiatic cholera. 



CHAPTER xni. — 1832. 173 

For some months previous public attention had been aroused by 
its rapid march, and as it swept westward and northward, fasten- 
ing upon cities in constant communication with British ports, the 
hope that our sea-girt position would form a suflScient defence 
was abandoned, and the people tremblingly awaited a calamity 
they could not evade. Maps were published to exhibit the track 
it had travelled, and the time of its arrival was accelerated by 
the terror which prevailed. The cities and large towns were in 
general ill prepared for such a destroyer, as the inhabitants had 
been insensible to the peril of dwelling together in thousands in 
utter neglect of everything sanitary. Drains and sewers were 
insufficient, and where they did exist common gratings in 
crowded thoroughfares gave ready ascent to noisome gases and 
foul smells. The rich were careless of their poorer fellows who 
dwelt close by, and the poor, in their ignorance, invited disease by 
squalor and filthiness, which, fatal to themselves, preyed too on 
those above them. Water, so bountifully given, was unattainable 
where most needed, and wretched tenements, overcrowded and 
stifling lanes, blind alleys, and impure yards were left undrained, 
to breed and foster contagion. During the sittings of the Confer- 
ence the cholera spread its ravages throughout the metropolis, as 
well as other parts of Ireland, and carried off its victims by the 
thousand, until there was scarcely a town or village unvisited by 
this terrible scourge. Dublin, Drogheda, and Sligo were almost 
decimated. The preachers and leaders of the Methodist Societies 
were most faithful and fearless in their efforts to minister to both 
the bodily and spiritual wants of the sick and the dying. 

One of the first victims in Cork was John Downey, a member 
of the Society. He was not unprepared for the dread summons. 
A sermon on the Prodigal Son, preached long before by the Eev. 
William Keilly, had brought him to his Father's house, and John 
well remembered that day. In following years he was again 
favoured to hear the same subject treated by the same Christian 
herald, and on leaving the chapel said, with lively gratitude, to a 
fellow-worshipper, "Did you hear my sermon a-preaching ? " 
He was a native of the north of Ireland, and as foreman moulder 
in a local foundry had earned the respect of those who knew 
him. On Friday evening, April 27th, he attended a meeting for 
prayer in Henry street chapel, little thmkmg Wi^k* \5a& ^siwsQa% 



174 HISTOBT OY MBTHODISH. 

were ended, and that prayer would soon be lost in endless praise. 
That night he was seized with cholera, and removed to a hospital. 
Mr. Field was soon at his bed-^de, and found him ^' happy in the 
Lord/' He died triumphing in His love. A few days after the 
death of this servant of Gtod a whole &mily, consisting of a 
widowed mother, two sons, and a daughter, were all taken to the 
hospital. Mr. Field hastened to see them, and found the mother 
and younger son dead, while a young woman who had met in his 
class died subsequently in holy triumph. Six hospitals were 
(^ned in the city, and it was estimated that no less than five 
thousand persons died.* 

At Stonyford, in the county of Kilkenny, while the people 
were dying in large numbers, a committee was appointed to 
consider what was best to be done under the circumstances, and 
it resolved to send to Wexford for a Methodist minister to visit 
the town. The Rev. James Tobias promptly responded to the 
call, rode some forty miles for that purpose, and remained for 
three weeks visiting the sick and the dying ; and thus many were 
led to the SaWour, and Methodism obtained a permanent footing 
in the place. 

At Westport the exertions of Mr. James White and Mr. 
Larminie were remarkable ; while many fled from the scene of 
desolation and woe, they visited the hospitals and houses of the 
sick, day and night, attending to their wants, and telling them of 
the Great Physician, and even placing in their coffins the remains 
of those whose own relations had abandoned them. In Sligo, 
where nearly all the local doctors fell victims to the distemper, 
the Rev. Robert Masaroon and Mr. George Leech visited the 
patients, gave them medicines, and used every means in their 
power to alleviate their agonies and, if possible, prolong their lives. 

In some instances this awful visitation proved a means of 
much spiritual good. From his first circuit the Rev. Benjamin 
Bayly writes, "On July 28th I came to Monaghan, where the 
cholera had made its appearance and summoned some to the bar 
of God. The people were greatly alarmed, and like others, 
^ poured out a prayer when His chastening hand was upon them.' 
Yet some have reason to bless God that He sent them the rod ; 
many have been stirred up, and some have been converted. Our 

* A Deroat Soldier, pp. 131-8i. 



CHAPTBB XUL — 1832. 175 

eongregationa are large and oar societdea. many in nomber, but 
there are rarely more than, twenty members ia any one 'class.'' 
Although the country about Sidaire was mercifully preserved from 
this terrible scourge, a most profound and salutary impression 
was made on the minds of the people; At a prayer-meeting held 
one Sabbath evening a cry for mercy arose, two persons obtained 
peace in believing, and thus a good work odtnmenced which 
continued and spread until no farm-house in the neighbourhood 
could contain the anxious inquirers, and the chapel at Ballina- 
mallard was too small to accommodate those who attended the 
prayer-meetings. Hundreds were led to the Saviour, and at one 
service no less than sixty found the pardoning mercy of God. 

At Donaghadee, where many died, deep religious concern per- 
vaded the community; the ministers and leaders fearlessly did 
their duty, and whenever they called to pray in a family a crowd 
followed to unite with them at the throne of grace. Two new 
classes were formed, and galleries had to be erected in the 
Wesleyan chapel to afford accommodation for the increased con- 
gregations. At Downpatrick Mr. Edward Addy availed hims^ 
of the serious feeling excited to warn sinners to flee from the 
wrath to come ; the Primitive preaching-house was crowded, and 
many were awakened to religious concern and led to the Saviour; 
Mr. Addy also conducted several out-door services in the grove 
where the venerated Wesley had so often preached. One of these 
occasions especially was memorable, as all business was sus- 
pended, the greater part of the inhabitants of the town, including 
the Protestant ministers, were present, and all seemed to give 
earnest heed to the things which they heard, and to join devoutly 
in prayer and supplication. This fearful scourge was the means 
of arousing James Donald of Hillhall to anxiety about his soul, 
80 that during a subsequent conversation with his uncle, Mr. 
Sobert Thompson of Lisburn, he was enabled to believe with 
a heart unto righteousness. Twelve months later his brother 
John, at class-meeting, obtained like precious faith, and thus 
entered upon a career of great and extensive usefulness. 

Although many of the Methodists died from cholera, only two 
of the ministers fell its victims— one a Wesleyan^ and the other 
a Primitive Wesleyan, On October 17th the Bev. Robert Bailey 
of the Banagher and Galway mission was Beized \^^ \}trA \/^Tf^^^ 



176 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

disease, and in fifteen hours closed his mortal career. While the 
malady rapidly gained on him he was asked how he did, and 
repUed, " It is all over, but all is well/' Mr. John Mallin of the 
Gharlemont circuit was seized by the distemper on the evening 
of Christmas Day, died early on the following morning, and 
a couple of hours later his remains were laid in the silent grave. 
It was the day of the quarterly lovefeast, and hundreds assem- 
bled fix)m all the surrounding country to attend the service, and 
learned, to their great sorrow, that their beloved preacher had, 
in the prime of life and zenith of his usefulness, been called 
hence. 

The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry was appointed to Bandon, with 
the Rev. Frederick P. Le Maitre as his colleague, and his first 
impressions were most favourable. He says, " Our chapel is by 
far the most beautiful in Ireland. Our lodgings are neat and 
well-furnished. The stewards, leaders, and their wives seem all 
disposed to make their preachers comfortable. I wish there were 
many like them in every circuit. We have about two hundred 
and fifty in society in the town, one hundred and eighty in the 
Sunday-school, one hundred and twenty boys and girls in the day- 
school, and sixty in the infant-school. Henry Cornwall, Esq., 
principally supports the day-school. He is a truly pious man, 
and useful wherever he goes. Thank God, there is no cholera 
here now, and we hope it may not return. Two of our leaders 
in Skibbereen, men whom I knew and loved nine years ago, have 
lately fallen by it. They finished well." The devastating malady, 
however, did return, and found Mr. Tackaberry's mind, as to him- 
self, calm and undismayed. He writes, " September 25th. We 
have cholera in this town, in Kinsale and Clonaldlty. Not very 
many are dying. My gracious Lord visits and waters my soul. 
I hope to see good days. Indeed, the present are good. I thank 
God I never feel anything concerning cholera except an ardent 
breathing that I may be found ready for anything and everything. 
If Heaven permitted, I should be as well pleased to die of cholera 
as of any other disease," A month later he says, " Since I came 
to Bandon I have been inquiring concerning everything, have 
taken down the names of every class in my pocket-book, have 
held leaders' and Society meetings in every place, and am feeling 
my way as I proceed. Up to this my grand aim has been to 



CHAPTER XIII. — 1832. 177 

excite a hungering and thirsting after righteousness among our 
own people, to arouse the leaders to an exact attention to their 
classes and the local preachers to their appointments, and, thank 
Crod, not in vain. Our congregations in most places are doubled. 
At our lovefeast here one of the leaders said, in his experience, 
that he had not seen the Society in a more hopeful state for years. 
We have had a little reviving all round, but I have not heard of 
more than one, since I came, receiving a clear sense of pardon. 
I commenced two Sunday-schools last month, from which I expect 
much good, and hope to commence more. I have also begun 
a meeting for young persons, every Friday evening, from which 
I look for firuit, and occasionally we have children's sermons. 
I have divided the town into districts, and hope regularly to 
visit every Methodist in Bandon during my fortnight in 
town." 

This was the second year of the Eev. Eobert Huston on the 
Carlow circuit. The previous twelve months had proved a time 
of tearful and anxious sowing. His lodgings were in the gaol, 
in a room of the governor's house, kindly placed at the service 
of the Society. The difficulty of egress at times, the sight of 
chains and grated windows, and the hollow, doleful sounds o{ 
the opening and closing of the prison doors no doubt largely 
account for the unutterable depression of the youthful preacher,, 
and his mental conflicts during the year. Invited to remain 
a second term, he consented on condition that he would be 
taken out of gaol, so he obtained the privilege of a prophet's, 
chamber under the kind and hospitable roof of Mr. Henry 
Banks. The second year was one of joyful reaping. At 
Hacketstown the chapel was usually crowded with eager hearers, 
waiting the arrival of the preacher. Here William Saul Jones, 
an intelligent, cultured, and influential gentleman, was awakened 
to a sense of his sinfulness. At one prayer-meeting nine 
penitents, who were seeking mercy, believed and praised a 
pardoning Grod, at the same moment. Fourteen persons pro- 
fessed conversion one night at a prayer-meeting in Grurteen. 
The glorious Lord made Carlow chapel also, on more occasions 
than one, a place of broad rivers and streams. This was especially 
the case at the September lovefeast. During the meeting a 
brother prayed with much simplicity and fervour^ " t\:^ \Jml 
VOL. in, Vii. 



178 HISTORY OF MBTH0DI8M. 

devil might not muzzle" them, and the homely petition was 
answered. Three persons professed to have received a clear 
sense of sins forgiven. One of these was Mr. W. S. Jones ; and 
on the following Wednesday he came again to the town, nearly 
twelve miles, to say that he was made happy in God's pardoning 
love on the previous Sabbath. Thenceforward he became one 
of the chief supporters of the cause on the circuit, until his 
removal to Dublin, where for years he sustained the offices of 
leader and local preacher with much acceptance and usefulness. 
Eminently spiritual, zealous, and laborious, his one aim appears 
to have been to win souls for Christ ; and God greatly honoured 
him, not only in conducting religious services, organizing classes 
and house-to-house visitation, but also at the close of life, when 
"an entrance was ministered to him abundantly into the ever- 
lasting kingdom of our I^rd and Saviour Jesus Christ." The 
revival spread to Athy, where amongst those converted to God 
were Edward Martin Banks, son of the Rev. Robert Banks, 
and John Duncan, who subsequently entered the itinerancy. 

The good work also soon extended beyond the limits of the 
circuit. A son of Mr. Moses Rowe of Wexford, having been 
engaged at business in Athy, and greatly blessed there, on return- 
ing home, went from house to house, especially among the 
young men of the Society, describing the glorious scenes he had 
witnessed. A spirit of earnest desire and strong faith was 
thus excited, the Lord poured out His Spirit, and meetings were 
held night aft«r night, during which scores of persons were led 
in penitence of spirit to the foot of the Cross. In connection 
with this revival there was raised up a noble band of zealous and 
devoted young men, including Robert J. Meyer, who had been 
converted about twelve months previously ; Thomas and Matthew 
Rowe; Nathaniel Pidgeon, who subsequently became a city 
missionary in Sydney ; John Clarke, who entered the ministry of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, America ; and a number of 
others. These godly youths laboured in all the surrounding 
country, often walking from twenty to thirty miles on the 
Sabbath to hold religious services, and thus enduring hardness 
as good soldiers of Jesus Christ. 

The following incident with regard to the fisunily of Nathaniel 
Fjdgeon is worthy of notice: His father, mother, and three 



CHAPTER xiii;— 1832. 179 

sisters had resided at a place called Eingwood, where they were 
visited by James Bolger, a rough but intensely earnest evangelist^ 
who went from house to house, wherever he could obtain access, 
warning sinners of their danger and urging them to flee from 
the wrath to come. Dick Pidgeon was thus brought into deep 
distress about his soul, and in time obtained redemption through 
the blood of Christ. Now his superior industry and care seemed 
more than ever balked and blighted. His cattle and fowl died, 
his crops fieuled, and financial ruin seemed inevitable. Methodism 
was charged with having brought all this evil on him, and 
many who should have helped the poor man endeavoured to 
obstruct and overthrow him. The homestead, with all its 
pleasant associations, had to be abandoned ; and want and woe 
were depicted on the face of each member of the family as, 
with hardly a remnant of household stuflf, they left for Wexford. 
Had it not been for faith and hope, the distress would have been 
overwhelming ; but the daughters had not only cast in their lot 
with the despised Methodists, but were sharers of the peace of 
them that believe. Employment, however, was soon obtained by 
the father, then by the eldest daughter, and Nathaniel having 
completed his apprenticeship, was also able to render help; so 
their temporal circumstances greatly improved, until at length, 
in their neat, well-furnished residence, they had the joy of 
entertaining the servants of God. Thus was fulfilled the cheer- 
ing assurance of James Bolger, ''Be faithful, Dick, and the 
I^rd will deliver you." 

About twelve months previous to this period Dr. J. M. Lynn 
was appointed to the MarkethiU dispensary. He had previously 
been connected with Methodism, as his parents were members of 
the Society, and on coming to the town he found the cause very 
low, there being no members or regular services. Now, however, 
the Eev. John Holmes and his colleague on the Armagh circuit, 
Samuel Jones, A.B., visited MarkethiU, secured an imtenanted 
house, and there proclaimed the glad tidings of salvation. After 
repeated visits, they formed a class, of which Dr. Lynn was one of 
the first members, and eventually the leader. From that time 
forward, notwithstanding strong opposition, the Society continued 
to increase in number and influence. Not far firom the town 
there lived a &rmer, who by attending ide "NLe^VYiodAsiXi ^"^tsIv^^ 



180 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

became convinced of sin, and was recommended to meet in class. 
Accordingly, he went for a few weeks, until one Sunday morning 
he felt hope springing up in his heart. But when, on returning 
home, he saw his geese in the corn-field, trampling down the crop 
and destroying the grain, he seized a rod, ran at them in a rage, 
and drove them out. Then, indignant with himself for having 
given way to passion, he exclaimed, " It's impossible for a man to 
be a Methodist and keep geese *' ! * 

The gracious and extensive revival which had commenced in 
the north early in the year, through the Divine blessing on the 
labour of the Primitive Wesleyans, continued its progress. On 
September 25th Mr. William Browne writes, from Enniskillen^ 
" The Lord is still carrying on His gracious work of convincing 
and converting sinners. Not a week, I believe I might venture 
to say not a day, but we have fresh instances of this. Our houses 
are crowded to excess every night, and numbers stand outside to 
hear the word of life. We have many openings which we cannot 
fill, but are endeavouring to supply them by mid-day services. 
On the 17th instant we held our quarterly meeting at Ennis- 
killen, and as the cholera had visited the town, feared that our 
country friends would not attend, and the meeting would be a 
small one ; but to our astonishment, the house could not contain 
the congregation at the public services, and at the lovefeast it 
was completely filled. Similar meetings were held in the course 
of the week at Derrygonnelly, Springfield, and Skea, and at each 
of these it was delightful to see the rapid progress the young 
converts had made in the Divine life. Some of the oldest 
Methodists say they were never present at such meetings before. 
I think that not less than one hundred members have joined our 
Society on this circuit since the Conference." 

Mr. William Pattyson of the Manorhamilton circuit says, " It 
is evident that a mighty change has been wrought in the public 
mind ; our congregations are everywhere increased, prayer- 
meetings are held almost every day, at 6 o'clock a.m. and at 7 p.m., 
and all give evidence of the presence of the Lord to bless and 
revive His work." Nearly one hundred members were added to 
the Society during the September quarter. At Cavan eight new 
classes were formed, and at the quarterly lovefeast about eighty 

' Xjzui'/s HistoTj of Methodism in Armagh, pp. S7, S8. 



OHAPTBR XIU.— 1832. 



181 



persons were made partakers of the Divine favour. At Clones the 
cause was blessed with much and continuous prosperity. Year 
after year a considerable number of persons were received into 
the Society, so that the membership rose from 938 in 1829 to 
1382 in 1833. Amongst others converted was a daughter of 
James Fitzgerald, Esq. This young lady, afterwards Mrs. Richey 
of Lakeview, not only took a decided stand for Christ, but also for 
Methodism, which grieved and alarmed some members of the 
family. Her brother Francis, however, remonstrated with his 
mother on the opposition she had given her daughter, and affirmed 
his conviction that she was right, while they were wrong. 
Another daughter, subsequently Mrs. Tate, was then led to the 
Saviour, and through her godly influence Francis was pricked in 
his heart, and at length enabled to receive and rest on the Lord 
Jesus as his Saviour, thus entering on a career of protracted and * 
extensive usefulness. 

The northern portion of the Tanderagee circuit, about Derry- 
anvil and Scotchstreet was also favoured with a gracious out- 
pouring of the Holy Spirit, and the preachers, Messrs. Richard and 
George Robinson, entered heartily into the work, so that about 
three hundred members were added to the Society. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

1833. 

Mr. Tackaberry's hopes of prosperity in Bandon were not 
immediately realized, in consequence of the disturbed state of 
the country, occasioned by the Whitefoot combination. In the 
town, when the services were after dark, the men came to the 
chapel armed; and in the country many were afraid to attend 
public worship at all. On January 4th the servant of Grod 
writes, " The parlour in which I now sit has three broken panes, 
the Whitefeet having dashed in the windows last night, and left 
a notice for the master, coffined and inscribed, * Departed this life, 
February 9th, 1833.' Two other houses where we stop in this 
neighbourhood were also attacked last night, and the gat^s torn 
up. The whole of the country is proclaimed, and the magistrates 
are afraid to do their duty. Matters are daily becoming worse. 
My colleague sometimes carries a pistol. I have not, nor do I 
intend. You may think from all this that Fossey's mind is 
greatly excited. It is not. God protects. He can save as easily 
now as at any other time, and if He chooses to permit, I would 
just as willingly be killed as die by gentler means." In the 
midst of these alarms, God vouchsafed some encouraging tokens. 
''I have held," says Mr. Tackaberry, "one or two penitent 
meetings lately, and when I think the time for them is come 
I shall have more. A few obtained pardon, and but a few. 
Two have experienced purity of heart lately in Bandon, and 
others are all athirst for it." The revival thus begun soon 
spread; and it may be traced, instrumentally, not merely to 
ministerial devotedness and zeal, but to the harmony and 
united action of the office-bearers. Of this the devoted evangelist 
speaks with feelings of lively satisfaction and hope : " Our 
prospects brighten ; the congregations are visibly on the increase. 



CHAPTER XIV. — 1833. 183 

One person was converted on Sunday week, another on Wednesday* 
There may have been more, if I knew them ; and in this large 
Society, where there are several aged leaders, we have not one 
jarring string." On May 15th he writes, " A member of my 
class, sister to one of our preachers, was converted on Monday 
night, while I was preaching. On Sunday evening the feeling 
through the congregation was general." Again, June 17th, 
"Yesterday was a very happy day. My cup ran over. In the 
lovefeast it was diflScult for me to restrain my feelings." Thus 
closed his first year in Bandon. 

At Skibbereen, the old chapel having become too strait for 
the increasing congregations, a new building, suited to the number 
and circumstances of the hearers, was erected, chiefly through the 
self-denying and earnest eflforts of the circuit ministers, the Revs. 
Thomas Ballard and John Saul. The Lord testified His acceptance 
of the temple raised for His service, and there were many of 
whom it has been truly said, "This and that man were bom there." 

About this period an attempt was made in Dublin to take the 
life of Mr. Ouseley. It appears that a gentleman who resided 
in the north of the city invited the Methodist ministers to 
preach in an open space in front of his house. Mr. Hull was the 
first to engage in this work, and his colleagues followed in suc- 
cession. For some time the services were held without interrup- 
tion, but at length a gentleman who lived in the neighbourhood 
took oflfence and endeavoured to stop them. One day Mr. Ouseley 
happened to have charge of the meeting, and was in the act of 
preaching, when a villain, armed with a hatchet, came behind 
him, and aimed a deadly blow at his head ; but providentially, 
a friend seized the fellow's arm, and thus frustrated his wicked 
purpose. He was committed to custody, but Ouseley refused to 
prosecute him. 

At this time a youth of fourteen, named Joseph William 
M'Kay, was converted to God, and thus entered upon a career 
of distinguished usefulness. His father had been in the army, 
and was one of a noble band of devout soldiers, including James 
Carnegie, afterwards of Northesk, near Cork, James Home, so 
long a missionary in the West Indies, Eobert Milne, who entered 
the ministry of the Church of England and obtained a charge 
in London, Alexander Ross, who settled in Dub\in^ «sA ^^soi^!^ 



184 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

Mackey, subsequently of Armagh — all companions in arms and in 
the service of Jesus Christ, as members of the Methodist Society. 
Mr. M'Kay, sen., had a comfortable situation in Carrickmacross, 
where the early boyhood of his son was spent, and where he 
attended the endowed school, and read a considerable part of the 
entrance course for Trinity College ; but a change in his father's 
circumstances, which served to implant in the youth an abiding 
abhorrence of Komish rule, led to his entering business with his 
uncle, William Wallis of Parsonstown. Mr. M^Kay, sen., accom- 
panied his son to Dublin, where the latter took ill with symptoms 
of cholera, which proved the means of leading him to resolve 
that should his life be spared, it should be devoted to the service 
of Grod. This resolution the youth faithfully kept, and on reach- 
ing his destination joined his uncle's class, and after several 
months* earnest seeking, was enabled to realize peace and joy in 
believing. He owed much subsequently to the character, example, 
-and instruction of this uncle, who, though perhaps he went to an 
extreme in some peculiarities, was a man of rare consistency as 
a Protestant and a Methodist. He was esteemed as an honest 
man by the people, but was disliked by the priests and those who 
worked with them behind the scenes, and what is now called 
boycotting was brought to bear upon his business, which led to 
his selling out and emigrating to the United States. Thither 
it is probable Mr. M^Kay would also have gone, had not an 
accident so disabled him that he was obliged to return home, and 
thus Providence secured to Irish Methodism one of her most able 
and eloquent ministers. 

After the death of Dr. Clarke, his family and executors, 
anxious that the six schools he had established should be per- 
manently attached to the Wesleyan Connexion, oflfered to place 
them under the control of the Missionary Committee, and to 
pay the surplus of the fund for their support. On examination, it 
was felt that although the effective management of these schools 
would involve the Society in a yearly expense of about £150, 
it was due to the memory of their illustrious founder to sustain 
them, and therefore the offer was promptly accepted. The Rev. 
Elijah Hoole paid them a visit of inspection, and found them in 
a highly satisfactory and encouraging state of eflSciency, affording 
instrnetion to upwards of six hundred children. 



CHAPTBR XIV. — 1833. 185 

On April 5th Mr. M'Clure of the New Connexion writes that 
the places which he had visited fortnightly during the previous 
nine months were Saintfield, Ballynahinch, and a Mr. Reams', 
who resided between the above towns and Belfast. When first 
the preacher went to Saintfield there were scarcely any who 
would attend the services, and three or four met in class when 
they could obtain the assistance of a leader in the Wesleyan 
Society ; but in time the attendance greatly improved, and many 
who heard the truth preached were greatly affected. At 
Ballynahinch the Society had been scattered and the meetings 
badly attended, through neglect ; but now, when better worked, 
the congregations increased so that they could with difi&culty be 
accommodated. Some who had been in the habit of swearing, 
drinking, and Sabbath-breaking confessed with shame their guilt, 
and evinced their sincerity by a complete change of conduct. 
One lad in particular publicly led in prayer, to the astonishment 
of all present, and at home got his brothers and sisters together 
for reading and prayer, so that both his father and mother became 
deeply impressed with the truth, and attended the preaching 
services regularly. At Mr. Keams' also there had been but few 
hearers at first, but the people soon came out better, so that the 
apartment in which the. services were held could hardly accommo- 
date them, and they appeared to devour " the bread of life.** 

During spring the following marked interposition of Providence 
took place : Mr. M^Clure had a preaching appointment in the 
neighbourhood of Ballynahinch, and on one occasion, when the 
usual day of meeting arrived, he was unable to obtain a seat in 
the public conveyance, another vehicle could not be obtained, and 
he fell back on the offer of a friend to lend him a pony — ^a wild, 
young animal that there was great difficulty in catching, and that 
managed to escape from the hands of his captors until it was too 
late for the preacher to get to his place in time for the service. 
On arriving there a fortnight later, he expected many upbraidings 
for his apparent neglect, but was surprised on being received with 
unwonted warmth. It appeared that an unusually large congrega- 
tion had assembled, the kind hostess had tea waiting, and the 
leader, with several of the members, were in the sitting-room ; but 
as no preacher appeared, they all went into the large kitchen 
where the people were sitting, when suddeiiVj \Xi<fe xcjril ^\ V^^ 



186 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

room just vacated fell in with a crash, smashing every article 
of fumitm'e into fragments. Had not the Lord prevented His 
servant from reaching the house, he and at least six others would 
most certainly have been killed. 

Mr. Heather, of the Primitive Wesleyans, had now been two 
years stationed in Belfast, where his labours were greatly owned 
of God. The congregations became so large that additional 
accommodation had to be provided by enlarging the chapel, many 
souls were converted to God, and the Society was increased from 
a membership of three hundred and seventy-five to six hundred 
and twenty-two. 

The seventeenth annual Conference of the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society commenced its sittings on June 26th, with Mr. John 
Buttle as secretary. James Armstrong of the Maguiresbridge 
circuit, and Thomas Wilson of the Charlemont circuit, were 
admitted on trial. The increase in the number of members in 
the previous year, as has been stated, was nearly two thousand ; 
but at this Conference it exceeded even that number. In the 
Pastoral Address it is said, "On many of our circuits and 
missions the Spirit of grace and supplication has been poured 
out in no ordinary measure, so that the gracious result is an 
increase of two thousand one hundred and seventy-six members." 
The Address proceeds, " The state of the missions is such as to 
demand our thanksgiving to God. Several of our stations have 
enjoyed great prosperity, and have become established fields of 
labour ; and the funds raised for this department of our work are 
supported with an activity and zeal highly creditable to the 
Christian generosity of our members and our friends generally." 
Arrangements were made at the Conference for the employment 
of suitable persons as Scripture-readers and missionary school- 
masters, and the plan adopted prove the means of much good. 

The Wesleyan Conference was held in Cork, and commenced 
on July 4th, under the presidency of the Rev. Robert Newton, 
who was to have been accompanied by the Revs. Dr. Adam Clarke 
and John James ; but owing to their removal by death, their 
places were supplied by the Revs. Jabez Bunting and Theophilus 
Lessey. The Rev. Charles Mayne was elected by seniority a 
member of the Legal Conference, in place of the Rev. Thomas 
Hidgew&yj superannuated, and the Rev. William Reilly was elected 



CHAPTBR XIV. — 1833. 187 

4 

by ballot instead of John Stuart, who had fallen a victim to 
strong drink. Jeremiah Wilson of Balljjamesduff and Samuel 
Cowdy, who had been called out during the year, were received 
as having travelled twelve months, and John Foster of Lisnawery 
and James Murdock were admitted on trial. Three deaths were 
reported — those of James M'Keown, Eobert Bailey, and Matthew 
Lanktree, jun. Notwithstanding a loss of three hundred and 
twenty-two members by emigration, great distress occasioned by 
cholera, and much political agitation, there was an increase in 
the membership of more than fifteen hundred, no less than seven 
hundred of those recognised as in the Society having been 
previously Soman Catholics. In the Pastoral Address, written 
by the Eev. Henry Deery, it is said, " We behold with unspeak- 
able satisfaction our Societies growing in unity and godly love, 
and acquiring such an increasing stability and attachment to the 
doctrines and discipline of Methodism as encourage us to antici- 
pate still greater blessings to attend the faithful ministrations 
of the word." The Rev. John Nelson was appointed secretary 
of the Chapel Fund Committee, an office which he sustained for 
nearly thirty years. 

At the British Conference a little incident occurred which led 
to additional and permanent financial assistance being granted 
to Ireland. The Eev. William Reilly had been deputed to attend, 
and at the close was preparing to leave, when Mr. Bunting pressed 
him to remain until after the meeting of the Committee of 
Distribution, adding, " If there be a slice to spare, we will add 
it to the Irish grant." There was a sum of £50 available ; it 
was added to the previous annual grant of £600, and continued 
each year until 1878, when the whole grant was raised to 
£800. 

At the New Connexion Conference Mr. M'Clure was appointed 
to Lisbum. In his account of the first quarterly meeting he says 
there were twenty leaders present, by whom the warmest Chris- 
tian aflfection, as well as desire to promote the good cause, was 
manifested, while the financial condition of the circuit looked 
more encouraging than it had done for a considerable time pre- 
viously. The congregations also were in general larger, and 
there was an increase in the membership, with the prospect of 
farther additions. The circuit then included BtoomVi^^<6^Yj»SeaN.'- 



188 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

deny, Ballyskeagh, Priesthill, Moyrusk, Englishtown, Moira, and 
Halftown, as well as Lisbum. On December 5th there is the 
first notice of those abundant labours in the cause of Temperance 
which gave such honour and efficiency to the ministry of Mr. 
M'Clure. He says that after a great deal of running to and fro, 
he obtained the assistance of the Rev. Mr. Thompson, curate of 
Lisbum, and the Rev. Edward Leslie, Rector of Dromore, at a 
meeting for the purpose of forming a Temperance Society in 
Broomhedge. Mr. Logan also assisted. The meeting was well 
attended, a good spirit pervaded the mind of each speaker, and 
forty-two names were enrolled as members. A committee of six, 
with power to add to their number, was chosen, and agreed to 
meet for the purpose of maintaining discipline and securing the 
assistance of dififerent ministers in the neighbourhood. 

The Rev. John Armstrong was appointed to Newtownlimavady, 
where a new chapel had been erected about three years pre- 
viously. However, the cause was very low. He writes, " I have 
spent one month here, and such a mission I never travelled. 
We have hardly six regular classes, and the Methodists are 
cold, lifeless, and, as they say themselves, moneyless. It is like 
a ship that has passed through a great storm and is nearly a 
wreck. Yet there is a little spark that may become a flame." 
And through the Divine blessing on earnest, faithful labour, 
so it proved. In time the missionary could write about good 
congregations, full houses, lively lovefeasts, and a common 
determination to "spend and be spent in the service of the 
Lord." 

At Youghal a neat and commodious chapel and a residence 
were erected, under the direction of the Rev. James Sullivan. The 
former was opened on July 7th, by the Rev. Theophilus Lessey, 
who preached exceedingly eloquent and impressive sermons to 
large and respectable congregations. The collections amounted 
to nearly £28, and a recognition of the liberality of the members 
of the Society and other inhabitants of the town and its vicinity 
is gratefully recorded. 

At Markethill, on October 7th, the curate of the parish and 
Dr. Lynn organized the first Temperance Society in the county 
of Armagh, and it became a great blessing to many, including 
sabseqnently upwards of eleven hundred persons on its roll of 



CHAPTER XIV. — 1833. 189 

memberships. A valuable addition to the Society in the town 
took place in Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Archer, both pious and 
devoted Methodists. Mrs. Archer had been baptized by Mr. 
Wesley, who preached in her father's house, in the vicinity of 
Armagh. This godly couple had two daughters who had ex- 
cellent voices and were well versed in Methodist hymnology. One 
of these young women afterwards was married to a Mr. Fullerton, 
and two of their sons are now in the Methodist ministry, 
Alexander in this country, and James in the United States, while 
a third, Thomas, is a local preacher in Belfast. Thomas Archer 
had also a son, John, who retired from the army in 1849, settled 
in Markethill, hung up his sword, and consecrated his services 
to the Lord, rendering protracted and valuable service to the 
good cause.* 

After Conference, Mr. Ouseley set out for Killamey, where 
a new chapel had recently been erected, and where he preached 
in the street, some listening attentively, and others yelling 
loudly. He then discoursed indoors, and the next morning " both 
out and in," and sent a short letter in Latin to the Roman 
Catholic bishop, enclosing copies of his reply to a challenge 
of Father Tom Maguire and his letter to the Hon. and Rev. 
George Spencer, a pervert to Romanism. Having spent three 
days in Tralee, preaching both in the open air and in the chapel 
every day, the veteran evangelist proceeded to Limerick, and 
on the journey a priest sat next to him on the mail car. They 
conversed freely on the tenets of the Church of Rome, and 
although Ouseley exposed the sophistries used in their support, 
" the priest cleaved to him as a brother." Nothing, however, 
surprised this ecclesiastic more than the missionary's speaking 
in Irish to the beggars that flocked about the car. " I declare," 
said he, " you appear to know everything." During a fortnight, 
which Ouseley remained on the Limerick circuit, he preached in 
the streets and chapels not less than forty-seven times. " August 
7th," he says, " I preached to a full congregation, and took my 
leave of them. We had a blessed season. This was the sixth 
sermon, in and out, that day." 

Mr. Ouseley vras most wishful for the employment of Scripture- 
readers, and, in a letter to the Rev. Theophilus licssey, bega 

♦ Lynn's Methodism in the Armagh Circuit, pp. %^, \Y^-\^. 



190 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

that he will lend a helping hand to " good and kind Mr. Bunting/' 
in procuring the sanction and aid of the Missionary Committee. 
This was at length obtained, and the following announcement 
appeared on the December Missionary Notice : " The friends of 
Ireland will be glad to learn that the Committee has determined 
to strengthen the mission in that country. Some time since, 
the Eev. Gideon Ouseley having strongly advised the employing 
of a limited number of Scripture-teachers, generously oflfering to 
contribute £50 towards defraying the expense, and the Irish 
Conference having earnestly recommended the speedy adoption 
of the measure, the Committee has resolved to engage, at a 
moderate salary, ten pious persons, whose business will be to 
visit those places which the missionaries can only occasionally 
reach, and instruct the people out of the Scriptures in the first 
principles of religion." This system was continued in efficient 
operation for some time, until at length the mission schools 
having been increased, and the teachers generally having acted 
as local preachers, this was considered sufficient to meet the 
case, and better suited to the circumstances of the country. 

An interesting view of Methodism in Dublin at this period has 
been given by a Christian lady who then resided in the city. 
Abbey street was the chapel for the Slite of the Society, and the 
only one in which the liturgy was read. In Whitefriar street 
there was no service in Church hours, the sacraments were not 
administered, and the congregations were made up chiefly of old- 
fashioned Methodists, who sat, the men on one side, and the 
women on the other. Methodist preaching was much less artificial 
than it is now, the most that any preacher wrote being a mere 
skeleton of his sermon, if he did even that, while such things as 
pulpit notes were unknown. The habits of the people were most 
social. Frequent dinner or evening parties were given, at which 
the presence of at least one of the ministers was deemed indis- 
pensable, and the conversation was always general, and on subjects 
that were " good for the use of edifying." Thus one evening at 
the Slackes', when some one said, " This is like a class-meeting," 
Mr. Hull replied, " I was just thinking of asking each one to tell 
when and how he or she was converted to God," began at once 
with an account of his own religious experience, and then the 
others followed in succession. One gentleman, whose wife was 



CHAPTER XIV. — 183?. 191 

3 Methodist, said, " It's wonderful what a dreadful fellow I am, 
with all the good preaching and conversation I hear." This was 
his experience. Such parties, of course, never broke up without 
reading and prayer. At the time of Conference or the visits of 
the English Missionary Deputation breakfast-parties used to go 
the round, and thus all the principal friends had opportunities of 
meeting the strangers in a social way. There were also Dorcas 
meetings held in private houses, in rotation, once a month, to 
provide clothing for the poor. One lady said, " They were just 
an excuse for an evening party, and served to bring together 
persons not previously acquainted." Whatever preachers were 
disengaged were there of course, and generally one or two young 
men, by invitation, to read to the ladies. It sometimes happened 
that by this means a young man obtained an acquaintance he 
coveted, and thus more than one matrimonial alliance was due to 
the Dorcas meetings. The modus of these parties was tea first, 
then needlework, with reading, singing, and conversation, and 
finally prayer. The Rev. William Ferguson was a " standing 
dish " in more senses than one. He was always present, and in 
general conversation formally stood up and expressed his opinion, 
however briefly. 

The Revs. Thomas Waugh, William Reilly, Thomas T. N. Hull, 
and Robert Huston were the ministers of the one circuit of which 
the metropolis consisted. Mr. Waugh was in his zenith. Judicious 
and firm in rule, wise in council, able in administration, earnest 
and persuasive in the pulpit, and ready and powerful on the 
platform, he won the respect and confidence of all with whom he 
came into contact. Both in the Conference and out of it, people 
voluntarily and instinctively deferred to his judgment and feared 
his rebuke. It was not that he assumed authority on personal or 
official grounds, but he had a remarkably quick perception of 
what ought and what ought not to be, with great power in making 
this seen and felt by those he dealt with. At the same time, 
he was very tender-hearted toward those who desired to do right, 
though less acute than himself in their judgment. His preaching 
was eminently practical, and abounded in rousing appeals to the 
conscience. He had an intense hatred of Popery, was what he 
called '^ deep blue " in politics, and once at least said that he was a 
Icqral man when there were a Protestant king axvd go\'«roLTaeii.^>,\svs^ 



192 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

cared for none of them now that the Emancipation Act had passed. 
On one occasion he visited the family of a captain, whom he 
found half-seas over, and addressed to him some words of reproof. 
" Will you pray for me ? " said the poor sinner, trembling under 
the force of the rebuke he had received. " Yes, I will," replied 
the servant of God, with no diminution of sternness in his tone. 
" But will you do it now ? " inquired the captain. Down Mr. 
Waugh dropped upon his knees and said, "Lord, convince this 
man that he will be damned, body and soul, for ever, if he does 
not give up drinking. For Christ's sake. Amen." People are 
sometimes exhorted to pray "short and to the point." Surely 
here was a specimen ! 

Mr. Eeilly was at the height of his popularity, and preached 
with an impassioned and impetuous eloquence that won for him 
the designation " the Kirwan of the Irish Conference." At times, 
however, it was said of him that there was an apparent restraint 
in the larger chapels, while in the smaller buildings he discoursed 
with overwhelming freedom and success. In social intercourse 
his cheerful piety, ready wit, genial manner, and buoyant spirits 
rendered him specially attractive, yet never led him for a moment 
to lose his balance or seemingly to forget himself. He had a 
habit of ejaculating words of prayer and praise in an undertone, 
not intended for listeners, and thus it sometimes happened that 
before the company had ceased laughing at some ready reply 
or humorous incident, they heard him whispering to himself, 
"The Lord be praised, there's another and a better world," or 
some similar expression. One day at dinner, at the Heneys', Mr. 
Smith remarked that there was a verse of one of our hymns which 
he could not rightly understand — 

*' Oh, may I learn the art 

With meekness to reprove, 
To hate the sin with all my heart, 
Bat still the sinner love ! " 

He could not, he said, comprehend how we could hate the sin 
with all our heart, without feeling some aversion to the sinner* 
This led to an interesting and animated discussion, which had 
not concluded when Mr. Beilly was called away, to make a sick 
call. Being an unexpectedly long time absent, Mrs. Beilly 
became uneasy and anxious about him; and therefore on his 



CHAPTER XIV.— 1833. 193 

return some one said, " Aha, my lad, you'll catch it now. See 
the state in which you left your wife all this time ! " " Yes," he 
promptly replied, " she only — 

*' Hates the sin with all her heart, 
Bat still the sinner loves ! " 

Mr. Hull was also very popular, his able pulpit ministrations 
and pastoral fidelity being greatly appreciated. He says, " There 
was a fact in the social system prevalent then which occasioned 
and stimulated social gatherings more than at present. All the 
Methodists resided in the city, and lived at their places of busi- 
ness; whilst now all who can have their country or suburban 
residences, and thus become more isolated and, like their houses, 
detiMjhed." In comparing the Methodism of Dublin at this 
period with that of the present time, it should also be observed, 
as noticed by Mr. Hull, that although there were nearly thirteen 
hundred members in the city, the salary of each of the two 
married ministers was only £100, and that of each of the two 
single preachers was only £50; and such was the difficulty in 
making up this amount that it was a serious question, discussed 
at the quarterly meeting, whether the Society could afford to 
support four ministers. Now there are on the same ground at 
least fourteen preachers, most of whom receive from £130 to 
£180 per annum, and there are no indications of a wish to reduce 
the ministerial staff. 

" Mr. Huston was," as Mr. Tackaberry expressed it, " one of 
the sweetest spirits that ever the Lord created." His earnest 
love for souls was manifested not only or even chiefly in his 
public ministrations, but in dealing privately with individuals, 
whether saints or sinners. His readiness and faithfulness in this 
were most remarkable, and he appeared to have an aptitude for 
discerning, as by intuition, the state of the soul after looking 
into the face for a few moments. His naivetS was charming, and 
oft^n disarmed Mr. Waugh in his strict adherence to regularities. 
Mr. Huston's favourite chapel was Gravel walk, where there was 
more than ordinary liberty for out-of-the-way proceedings. 
These were greatly facilitated by the plain, earnest, unceremoni- 
ous spirit of William Haughton, who was bound by no conven- 
tionalities when any work for God was to be doxkie. O^kfe ^-'qssl^smj 
roL. ni. \^ 



194 BISTORT OF METHODISM. 

morning, after the close of the sermon, he jumped on a seat and 
said, " Friends, I'm sure some of you have felt the word to be 
a nail in a sure place, and if youll just come into the vestry 
well clinch it for you." On another Sabbath, Mr. Huston 
remained so long dealing with awakened souls that he was not 
in his place in Abbey street, at noon, to lead the responses, for 
which of course he was taken severely to task by Mr. Waugh, who 
read the prayers. " There was so much good doing at Gravel walk," 
said the young preacher, " that I could not think of leaving." 
" But we ought to do good in the path of duty," sternly answered 
the superintendent : " what should I have done if Mr. Hamilton 
had not happened to come into the chapel in time to take your 
place ? " " Oh, the Lord would have helped you through, 
for my sake ! " rejoined Mr. Huston, with a look of such perfect 
simplicity that Mr. Waugh's facial muscles relaxed in spite of 
himself. 

The venerable William Smith was a supernumerary in the 
city, and was almost quite blind ; but his saintly spirit appeared 
to be ripening for a better world. As he could not distinguish 
any one by sight, he was grieved if even the youngest child who 
entered the room where he was did not go and speak to him. 
On one occasion, two young ladies having visited him, they found 
the old man fall of gratitude for recovery from a recent illness, 
yet dwelling much on the time when he should depart, and then 
suddenly he broke out with — 

" Our souls are in His mighty hand, 
And He will keep them still ; 
And you and I shall surely stand 
With Him on Zion's hiU.*' 

When the visitors rose to leave he took a hand of each, and said, 
with great solemnity, " If thou seek Him He will be found of 
thee, but if thou forsake Him He will cast thee oflF for ever." 
Then, after a pause, " And what I say to one I say to all, W^atch." 
His aged wife was very lame. Mr. Waugh said, " That old couple 
should slip away to heaven within half an hour of each other, 
for she could not walk without his support, or he without her 
guidance." 

The Rev. Charles Mayne was also a supernumerary in the city. 



CHAPTER XIV. — 1833. 195 

He was a perfect gentleman and a ready wit. On one occasion, 
in a stage-coach, two of his fellow-travellers were freely inter- 
larding their conversation with By this and By that, as was then 
only too common amongst those who should have known better. 
At length, when an opportunity was afforded, Mr. Mayne said, 
" Gentlemen, I have a favour to ask. Will you allow me to say 
the next oath ? " Of course there was no more swearing. 

Amongst those led to the Saviour through the Divine blessing 
on the labours of Mr. Huston was John Cathcart, familiarly 
known as " Happy John," once an abandoned drunkard, but sub- 
sequently for many years a most zealous, devoted, and successful 
leader, albeit not a little peculiar. "I had a good birth," he 
said at a lovefeast, "out of hell, and I got good rearing under 
that man of God William Haughton." His prayer in Cork street 
chapel during the session of the Council at Borne, that the Lord 
might send " a blessed disagreement " among the members, was 
certainly answered. The Rev. James Hughes preached one 
morning in Gravel walk chapel, on Abraham's Sacrifice, as an 
illustration of spiritual worship, showed how it may be marred by 
unbelief and worldly-mindedness, like the offering by the vultures 
driven away by the patriarch, and then called on Happy John to 
pray. " Glory be to God," exclaimed the leader, as he addressed 
the throne of grace, " if the birds come down, we can say, Chu ! 
chu!" Towards the close of his career this devoted man said, 
"It is now forty years since I was converted, and, bless the 
Lord, I never had a quarrel with God or a preacher from that 
day to this." 

There were in the Society several elderly members, rich in 
anecdotes of a still earlier age. Old Mr. Holbrook of Cullens- 
wood was amongst these, and one of his stories was of a Sunday- 
morning prayer-meeting, in the county of Mayo, at which a recent 
convert was asked to pray. On his protesting that he could not, 
for he did not know how, he was told to pray as if he were alone. 
So he began with a particular confession of his own besetting 
sins, craving mercy for the past and grace for the future, and 

then proceeded, " And here. Lord, is John , a very good 

man, but when he goes to the fair he is apt to get more drink 
than is enough." Having prayed what he thought necessary on 
this subject, he went on " Here's Jane BxA'Niarj \\i3t^ 



196 



HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 



grant that when they meet together they may be talkin' o' the 
love of Jasus, and not gossiping about their neighbours." This 
proved a very effectual prayer, for it got wind, and as sure as 
these women were seen together somebody would say, " Mind you 
be talkin' o* the love of Jasus, and not gossiping about your 

neighbours," or simply " Mind Bill 's prayer for ye." Of the 

officials of the Society in Dublin Mr. Hull says, " In my judg- 
ment we had at this time a body of intelligent and eflfective 
officers such as has never been exceeded since, if ever equalled." 



GHAPTEB XV. 

1884. 

On January 10th, 1834, Mr. Field writes, "I went to Bandon. 
Next day that man of God Mr. Feckman arrived. He has been 
made very useful. I visited many of my old Mends. Met a 
class on Sabbath morning — ^had a powerful time. At twelve 
o'clock prayer-meeting, and at half-past four o'clock the house 
could scarce contain the people. The Lord was present. After 
preaching we had another prayer-meeting." " 27th. Again in 
Bandon, with fear and trembling. I greatly dreaded that the 
people would look to and expect too much from me — evil results 
from this. I warned them of the danger. We escaped. That 
evening we had a prayer-meeting. The Lord was with us. Next 
day I visited from house to house. Found the people alive to 
Divine things, ready to do or be what the Lord requires." " 28th. 
At six o'clock (evening) a large tea-meeting. Mr. Tackaberry 
announced that I would give some directions respecting class* 
meeting — ^how talents were to be employed, particularly with 
respect to the present revival. This was an undertaking indeed, 
and what I had never done before. Had not time to think of 
what I should say, and to stand up before three preachers, six 
local preachers, and old stewards and leaders was too great a 
burden. In the strength of grace I embarked in the work, 
and my kind Master helped me. Mr. Price * took up all my 
fallen stitches,' for I dropped several. We had a delightful 
meeting, and I hope some ventured on Jesus for a full salvation." 
"29th. After evening preaching, a prayer-meeting until near 
ten o'clock, and again in the evening of the 30th and 31st, when 
a multitude attended. During the day I visited from house to 
house, and not a day did my gracious Master suffer me to labour 
in vain. There has been no noise, diBOidibi) ox >3ckfe \«5m^^. ^5«^^ 



198 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

fasion. God's presence was powerfully manifested. The classes 
are increasing in light and love." 

On the same day Mr. Tackaberry writes, " We see good doing 
now everywhere we turn ; " then, referring to the character of 
the work, adds that he never saw a revival go on so quietly ; there 
was no noise, no bustle, no confusion, but a heavenly influence, 
which was " as the dew unto Israel." As the result of the March 
visitation of the classes, it was found that the Society in Bandon 
had increased from two hundred and seventy-eight members to 
three hundred and seventy-six. Amongst those converted during 
this blessed awakening, we find a son of Sylvanus Robinson, 
named William, Eliza Shine, subsequently Mrs. Thomas Hunter, 
Margaret Hunter, afterwards Mrs. Thomas Clear, and one of her 
sisters, all of whom, having faithfully served God and Methodism 
for upwards of fifty years, still live, and adorn " the doctrine of 
God our Saviour." To these must be added the named Thomas 
G. Bennett,* who entered the ministry of the Established 
Church, and William Welply of Bengour. 

The Rev. Robert Trail, a grand-nephew of Mrs. Henrietta Gayer, 
was rector of Skull, and being an ultra-Calvinist, notwithstand- 
ing his connection with one of the most saintly of Methodists, 
commenced a gratuitous and unprovoked assault on the Society. 
In his lectures firom the pulpit and his visits from house to house 
he asserted that Methodism had led the souls of many of his 
parishioners to endless ruin, that the Methodist preachers taught 
the way to hell, and that the preaching-houses were synagogues 
of Satan. The Rev. Thomas Ballard, the superintendent of the 
circuit, on being informed of this, felt that he had no alternative 
but either tamely to submit to a tempest of defamation or to 
raise his voice in defence of the people and doctrines which had 
been so violently and openly assailed. Feeling the latter to be 
his duty, he called upon the rector to substantiate his charges, and 
the challenge was at once accepted. Mr. Trail aflfected to des- 
pise his opponent, but in Mr. Ballard he found " a foeman worthy 
of his steel." The rector vauntingly declared, that he would 
" put down Methodism and silence the Methodist preacher." The 
itinerant trustfully said, " I have no fear for the cause I espouse 
— * truth is mighty ' — and although I regret the matter has not 
* A grand-nephew of Thomas Bennett. Vide i., p. 274. 



CHAPTER XV. — 1834. 199 

ikllen into better hands, I pledge myself, trusting in the Lord, 
that I will not shrink from meeting Mr. Trail on any platform." 
It was decided that the discussion should take place in the parish 
church ; that each disputant should nominate a chairman ; and 
that each should speak for twenty minutes alternately, so long as 
the debate continued. Mr. Trail selected as his chairman his 
curate, the Rev. William F. O'Neill; and Mr. Ballard selected 
Mr. James H. S wanton. 

At the appointed time the church was crowded in every part. 
Mr. Trail estimated that there were between six and seven 
hundred persons present, though one inspecting the ruins of the 
old church, as they are to be seen to-day, would find it difficult 
to imagine how so many could be crammed within the space. 
Evidently the people pressed closely one upon another. Through 
the windows many eyes peered, and large numbers standing on 
graves or headstones listened with eager attention. One who 
was present said, " The church was full inside and out." 

Mr. Trail opened the discussion, and reiterated the offensive 
charge against Methodist teachers and preachers — that " they 
were," by teaching the doctrines he referred to, " leading the 
people to hell." Mr. Ballard, in reply, asserted that Mr. Trail 
must have misunderstood and had misinterpreted Wesleyan 
teaching, and stated the views held by Methodists, supporting 
them by numerous appeals to the Word of God and the Prayer 
Book. These statements were met by mere assertions, declama- 
tions, and denunciations. But Mr. Ballard pressed his arguments 
home upon his opponent with such telling force, that Mr. Trail 
demanded that the discussion should be continued for another 
day, which was agreed to. At this second debate Mr. Trail 
dropped the original question in dispute, turned to that of 
unconditional election and reprobation, and was again defeated, 
claiming another opportunity of maintaining his views. This was 
attended with similar results, for he left the church unmistak- 
ably crestfallen, while Mr. Ballard received the warm congratula- 
tions of many of those present. Some years later, Mr. Whitley, 
one of those old Methodists against whom Mr. Trail had spoken 
so hardly, lay a-dying, and was visited by the rector, who con- 
versed with him upon his religious state, and heard the glorioua 
testimony he bore to the power of Chmt \ic> «»n^^ %sA \Ki \^ 



200 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

implicit trust in.Him as his only and all-sufl&cient Saviour. Mr. 
now Dr. Trail ¥ra8 delighted at what he witnessed, and from that 
moment his views in reference to Methodism changed. He 
attended the ftmeral, took the arm of the Methodist minister who 
was about to officiate at the grave, and requested that he would 
grant him the privilege of addressing the people assembled, 
which was at once conceded. Dr. Trail then said he was glad to 
have the opportunity of removing an erroneous impression which 
in years past he had made on the minds of many in reference to 
the Methodists. He did so because he had had his own mind 
disabused by the visits he had paid to the sick and dying bed of 
him whose remains lay before them. He narrated what he had 
seen and heard during those visits, and expressed the wish that 
when God should see fit to call him away he too might die as 
he had seen that servant of God end his days. From this time 
forward Dr. Trail proved to be an Evangelical preacher, a faithful 
pastor, and a warm friend of Methodism.* 

On the New Eoss mission of the Primitive Wesleyan Society 
a very blessed awakening took place, through the Divine blessing 
on the labours of Mr. William Scott. On February 17th he 
states that at New Ross upwards of eighty persons had been 
converted to God, including in some instances whole families, 
while at Enniscorthy more than half that number had obtained 
peace through believing. The labours of the young converts, 
male and female, were greatly acknowledged in extending the 
good work, and the congregations were so much increased that at 
New Eoss the court-house in which the services were held could 
not accommodate those who desired to attend. On April 30th 
Mr. Scott writes, "Since the beginning of the revival on this 
mission more than one hundred and fifty persons have found 
peace with God. One Roman Catholic has been converted, and 
meets in class, and another appears to be earnestly seeking 
salvation. I am by no means able to attend to all the invitations 
I receive to preach to the people." 

Messrs. Edward Addy and Thomas Boyce of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society write that they had secured an opening in 
Newcastle, in the county of Down, having obtained the use of a 
school-room for the services, collected a large congregation, and 

* Tke Christian Adtocate^ 1S87, pp. 418 430. 



CHAPTER XV. — 1834. 201 

formed a class; Dromore had also been visited by them with 
encouraging tokens of success, although no cause was established. 
At Markethill both the Episcopal and Presbyterian clergy afiforded 
much encouragement and assistance. Through the influence of 
the former a site was secured and some funds were raised for the 
erection of a chapel ; while by the kindness of the latter the 
meeting-house was lent to the preacher until the intended 
erection should be completed. 

The Rev. Elijah Hoole, having completed one of his tours of 
inspection, made the following cheering report : " I think we 
never had more Catholic children in our schools than at present ; 
about six hundred attend the daily schools, and none are more 
diligent or successful in committing Scripture and our excellent 
Catechisms to memory. In the conducting of the schools and 
apportioning of the tasks the masters are instructed to observe no 
difference on the ground of religion ; and almost every fact that 
comes to my knowledge confirms the opinion that no objection 
to Scriptural education exists in the minds of the people ; if any 
is made, it is on the part of the priests." * 

The success of the Temperance movement far exceeded the 
expectations of those who had started it. Early in 1833 upwards 
of one hundred and fifty societies, including 15,000 members, 
existed in Ulster alone. The practice of abstinence from distilled 
spirits only, however, did not satisfy many of the firiends of the 
cause ; for they saw plainly that to arrest the progress of intem- 
perance, the use of all intoxicating drinks should be given up. 
Hence the origin of total abstinence. The first regularly 
organized teetotal society in Ireland was formed at Strabane in 
June, 1834. Some of the Temperance reformers objected strongly 
to this step in advance ; and one of them, when he heard of it, 
exclaimed, "When the devil can't upset the coach he mounts 
the box, seizes the reins, and drives to destruction." Of those 
who took a leading part in this noble work, no one is worthy 
of more honour than the Hon. Judge Crampton, first President 
of the Hibernian Temperance Society. Even when Solicitor 
Oeneral he was wont, with an upturned beer-barrel for a chair, 
to deliver Temperance addresses in the Tailors' hall. Back lane, 
Dublin. In 1831 he attended the first annual meeting of the 

• Wetltyan MethadUt Magazine^ lft^4, ^. TOT. 



202 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

British and Foreign Temperance Society, held in Exeter Hall, 
and explained with admirable tact and skill the principles of the 
movement. When elevated to the Bench some of his friends 
feared that he would deem it inconsistent with his position to 
appear before the public as a Temperance advocate; but all 
doubts were speedily set at rest by the Judge. In reply to an 
inquiry from Dr. Edgar, he answered, " You ask how my new 
station will afifect the Temperance cause. It will not, be assured, 
abate my zeal in furthering that good work in which I had the 
pleasure of being a brother missionary with the worthy Tobias 
and yourself. I cannot, perhaps, repeat such a circuit with my 
Temperance associates as that to which I allude, and upon which 
I always look back with pleasure ; but I trust to find both time 
and opportunity for aiding the progress of the Temperance 
reformation." Although Judge Crampton was not a member of 
the Methodist Society, he was a regular hearer, had a pew in 
Abbey street chapel, and even when out on circuit found his 
way to the Methodist services. He continued devotedly attached 
to abstinence principles until his death in 1863. 

The following is an account of the experience of Mrs. Crampton 
in regard to perfect love, as given in a letter from her to the Rev. 
William Stewart : " Mrs. Stewart kindly called on me in Cork, 
and gave me a copy of The Experience of Mrs. H. A. Rogers. I 
found it deeply interesting, particularly tlie account of her 
obtaining entire sanctification, and thought, * Were I to kneel 
now before God, and to plead with Him in her words, perhaps I 
too might obtain the blessing.* I did so, but found it not. At 
dififerent times I read over this part of her experience, and spoke 
of it to others ; until one evening, soon afterwards, the Lord gave 
me faith to see that Christ was able to save to the uttermost. 
I felt that the blessing was obtained simply by believing and 
trusting His all-suflSciency, and that though I felt I was bankrupt 
of all good and power in myself. His omnipotence was engaged 
for me. I felt satisfied, nay, happy, to think I was nothing, when 
I knew He was All and in all. Many passages of Scripture were 
brought to my mind in which I saw a new and deeper meaning ; 
such as * The Lord God omnipotent reigneth,' * The government 
shall be upon His shoulder,' * Ye are complete in Him,' etc. I 
BOW saw I bad bitberto been robbing God of His glory. I had 



CHAPTER XV.— 1834. 203 

believed, indeed, that He had saved me from past sins, but not 
that He saved me from present corruptions. I believed His blood 
could cleanse from much sin, but not from all. I am not aware 
of the moment when faith came in my mind ; but this I feel, so 
sure am I that this glorious doctrine is the truth of Grod that it 
appears to me the Spirit witnessed of it as of adoption." 

The Revs. William Douglas and William Finlay were stationed 
on the Irvinestown circuit, where there was an extensive religious 
awakening. From an unpublished journal of one of the leaders 
and local preachers, it appears that from August, 1833, until June, 
1834, not fewer than four hundred and thirty-five souls were 
converted, while the net addition to the Society amounted to two 
hundred and ten.* 

The reports furnished by the missionaries were encouraging. 
At Kenmare it is stated that several Romanists regularly attended 
the public services ; scarcely one was held at which some were not 
present, and more would have been there but for the influence of 
the priests, who imposed heavy penances on all whom they dis- 
covered transgressing thus. From Moate the Rev. James OUiflfe 
writes, " The Lord has blessed us. Congregations are good, and 
include many Romanists." The Rev. Edward Cobain of Cavan 
says, " At our quarterly lovefeasts and in the celebration of the 
Lord's Supper we have had very gracious times. Our new chapel 
in Bailieboroiigh is nearly ready to be opened ; great interest has 
been excited in reference to it, and several friends there who are 
not members of our Society have been zealously and generously 
co-operating with our people in carrying on this important work." 
On the Newtownlimavady mission the Rev. John Armstrong held 
a series of field-meetings, which were made a means of much 
blessing. " It was truly aflfecting," he states, " to see men, 
women, and children bathed in tears, as they cried for mercy, and 
to hear many praising God for His favour." In the town of New- 
townlimavady the good work continued for eight weeks, during 
which services were held every day, at least once, sometimes twice 
or thrice. Some of the most careless and prayerless persons in 
the neighbourhood were led to attend, and decided for Q-od. So 
marked was the moral change that many were constrained to say, 
" Q-od has done great things for these people." The last cp3Kd«;tV^ 

♦ The IHsh Evangelifst, 187ft, p. 14^. 



204 HISTOUY OF METHODISM. 

lovefeast of the year in Garvagh was very largely attended ; the 
house was crowded to excess, and numbers bad to remain standing 
outside ; while at the close about fifty penitents knelt down 
together, to plead for Heaven's mercy. The Eev. Eobert H. 
Lindsay, who was appointed to the barony of Lecale, reports that 
the Societies in Ardglass, which had been formed only two years, 
and Sheepland were in a very prosperous st^te, so much so that 
arrangements were made for the erection of a chapel in the former, 
the lord of the soil having given a site rent free, and also a good 
subscription, while liberal assistance was rendered by many others 
in the town and neighbourhood.* 

The members of the Primitive Wesleyan Conference assembled 
in Dublin on June 25th, and Mr. Alexander Stewart was elected 
Secretary. It was reported that Mr. Thomas Pearce had died in 
the faith and* hope of the Gospel. John G. Wakeham of the 
Youghal mission and John Glass of the Maguiresbridge circuit 
were admitted on trial. The increase in the number of members 
was two hundred and forty-five, making a total of seventeen 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-six, the largest number ever 
reported to this Conference. With regard to Temperance societies 
it was agreed, " We approve of the principles of such societies, and 
resolve that individually and in our public capacity as preachers 
of the Gospel we will use our best efforts to discountenance the 
use of ardent spirits, according to the Eules of our venerable 
Founder." The subject of tract distribution also came under 
notice ; and as in the course of the preceding year a society with 
this object in view had been organized in Dublin under most 
encouraging circumstances, others were earnestly recommended 
to follow the example thus set, by forming similar associations. 

The members of the Wesleyan Conference met in Dublin on 
July 3rd, under the presidency of the Eev. Bichard Treffry, 
supported by the Eevs. Eobert Newton and John Beecham. 
Four preachers were reported as having died during the previous 
year, two of whom, Messrs. William M^Cornock and James 
Sterling, had been supernumeraries for some years, and the 
other two, Messrs. Samuel Harpur and Joseph Edgerton, had passed 
away in the midst of their usefulness. Thomas Beamish, who 
had been called out during the year, was received as having 

* Bibemian Misii4mar}/ RepiiTt^ 1834, pp. 12 — 19. ~" 



CHAPTER XV. — 1834. 205 

travelled twelve months ; and seven candidates were admitted on 
trial. These were John B. Bennett, M.D., of the Bandon circuit, 
William A. Darby of the Youghal mission, John Liddy, a con- 
verted Eomanist, and Armstrong Halliday from Belfiwt, William 
P. Appelbe, Henry J. Giles, and Edward M. Banks. Notwithstand- 
ing considerable mortality amongst the members, and a loss by 
emigration of seven hundred and eighty-one, there was an 
increase of one thousand two hundred and eleven. The British 
Conference having resolved to commence a Theological Institu- 
tion for the improvement of junior ministers, the Irish Conference 
expressed its approval of the project, agreed to place at the 
disposal of the Committee a legacy of £1,000, left by Mr. 
Abraham Mason for that purpose, and thus became "entitled 
to have four students constantly at the Institution when re- 
quired, and an additional number on the payment of a reasonable 
annual charge." This Institution was subsequently established 
at Hoxton, London. 

In the Answer of the British Conference to the Irish Address 
the following pleasing testimony is borne to the success of the 
work in Ireland : " Our brethren who were deputed to attend 
your missionary anniversaries have taken knowledge of you 
that, wisely considering the peculiar state of society in your 
interesting country, the preachers of your Connexion are endeav- 
ouring, without irritating controversy, to explain and enforce the 
essential truths of the Gospel, and that this plan of operation is 
practically pursued with great prudence and patience and with 
the most beneficial and gratifying effects. They have observed 
with joy the missionary spirit, the improving finances, the cordial 
co-operation, the spirituality and self-denial, the well-principled 
fidelity, and the indefatigable labours of our Irish brethren ; and 
while they acknowledge the propriety and utility of reciprocal 
deputations to preserve and cultivate the Christian amity of the 
two Connexions, they also bear testimony to your ample sufficiency 
of native talent for all needful advocacy of the claims and 
objects of Wesleyan missions." 

The venerable Ouseley, now in his seventy-third year, still 
persevering with unabated zeal in his loved work, visited, amongst 
many other places, Parsonstown, where a glimpse is afforded of 
his labours. The rector of the parish took coxiAdL^-wJcJi^ vc^x^S^ 



206 HISTORT OF METHODISM. 

in this visit, and invited several ministers to meet the evangelist 
in the glebe. There was at the time an Evangelical movement 
in the Church, but it was much marred by the Calvinism that 
was mixed up with the religious teaching. Mr. Ouseley preached 
to large congregations in the Methodist chapel every evening 
during his stay. On one occasion, when some seven clergjrmen 
were present, he, in his sermon, supposed the Lord to address a 
young Calvinist, just entering the ministry, in the language of 
the great commission, " Go ye into all the world, and preach the 
Gospel to every creature ; " and then himself accosting the young 
clergyman who had been so personally addressed, he inquired, 
" What would you say, child ? what would you say ? Would 
you hesitatingly say, ' Yes, Lord, but I don't believe that 
doctrine ? ' " On another occasion a young man named John B. 
Hackett, who was altogether thoughtless and unconcerned about 
his soul, went with some like-minded companions to hear the 
missionary. Before entering the chapel, they had been indulging 
in some frivolous mirth, and young Hackett had got into such 
an immoderate fit of laughter that decency would not permit 
him to enter for some minutes. He was that evening convinced 
of sin, joined the Society immediately afterwards, endured some 
opposition from his relatives, but held fast faith and a good 
conscience, and continued for nearly fifty years a consistent and 
influential Methodist. 

The Eev. John Holmes was appointed to the Castlebar circuit, 
where the Lord greatly owned his labour, especially in Westport. 
Here members of nearly every Protestant family in the town and 
vicinity attended the services in the Methodist chapel, and a 
large number of young people were converted to God. Robert 
Black, a zealous local preacher, was very useful amongst the 
anxious inquirers and young converts. He was then studying in 
preparation for the ministry, with a view to which he had come 
with Mr. Holmes from Armagh, and now lived at Castlebar. Mr. 
Samuel Larminie also gave assistance at the meetings, and some- 
times preached in the Wesleyan chapel. Amongst those awakened 
to a sense of their sinful state, and enabled to believe on the 
Saviour, mainly through the Divine blessing on the preaching 
of Mr. Holmes, was a lad whose subsequent illustrious career as 
a missionary^ public speaker, and author has placed him in the 



CHAPTER XV. — 1834. 207 

first rank of Methodist preachers. William Arthur was bom at 
Kells, in the county of Antrim, on February 3rd, 1819. His father 
having removed to Newport, he entered into business with Mr. 
Greorge Woods in Westport. It also appears that he attended an 
Episcopal Sunday-school at Newport, where he was in the class of 
the rector. When this clergyman heard of the revival, and that 
many had become Wesleyans, he said, "Ah, there is one lad 
there who is too wise a bird to be caught with Methodist chaflF! " 
But a few days later he learned with astonishment that his 
protSge, William Arthur, had also joined the Methodists, and thus 
entered on a course which proved of world-wide usefulness. The 
death of the wife of the Mr. Woods mentioned above is note- 
worthy. One day a number of Christian friends spent the evening 
with her, during the course of which some hymns were sung. 
Mrs. Woods said she would like them to sing the hymn beginning 
" Give me the wings of faith '* etc., and while they were in the 
act of doing so she leaned back on the sofa on which she sat, 
and died. No doubt to her sudden death was sudden glory. 

The Eevs. Samuel Downing and Edward M. Banks were ap- 
pointed to the Ballina circuit. Here, at the September lovefeast, 
the Holy Spirit was powerfully present, and at the close a 
number of young people came forward in much distress, sought 
salvation, found it, and went home rejoicing. This work went on 
for several months, and spread to various parts of the circuit. 
The Rev. John Holmes was invited from Castlebar to attend the 
December lovefeast, which began at ten o'clock, the house being 
packed. Testimonies were freely given, even little children 
telling of the love of Christ. At the prayer-meeting there were 
a large number anxious. It was five o'clock when the meeting 
broke up. Evening service commenced an hour later, and on 
that day about thirty professed to find pardon. 

A very extensive religious awakening took place also at Hyde 
Park, having commenced under noteworthy circumstances. Two 
daughters of Mr. David Nesbitt, one of the leaders, and two 
daughters of a Mrs. Caruth having met in band, whilst uniting in 
prayer, were enabled to receive and rest on Christ as their Saviour. 
On the following morning they again met at the throne of grace, 
and then told Mrs. Caruth what the Lord had done for their souls. 
She did not rest until she also had found th^ S^M\o\a, ^\^V«t 



208 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

sons ooming home for breakfest, they were spoken to and joined 
the praying band. One of these, John, obtained peace that day, 
and thus entered upon a protracted course of usefulness, especially 
in connection with the Donegal square chapel, Belfast. Public 
meetings were arranged for, many of which continued the greater 
l^art of the night, and thus the good work deepened and spread. 
Benjamin Bayly having been appointed as a missionary to this 
district of country, his eflForts were crowned with abundant bless- 
ing. The stories which are told of his labours would be incredible 
were it not that he had a physical constitution of extraordinary 
strength and endurance. As an evangelist he was " a flame of fire." 
He sometimes held six services in one day, and often continued 
with seekers of salvation the greater part of the night. 

At Ballynure there resided a Mr. Robert Beatty, two of whose 
brothers, some years previously, had gone to the West Indies, and 
there, through the preaching of the Wesleyan missionaries, were 
converted. One of these, Alexander, in the autumn of 1832 
returned on a visit to the old homestead, and the marked change 
in his spirit and conduct so deeply impressed his brother Robert 
that he resolved to " cease to do evil, and learn to do well." 
Alexander Beatty went to the Methodist services, and took with 
him any members of the family he could induce to go. Robert 
went to the cottage meetings, and in 1833, on the Sunday after 
his brother returned to America, joined the Society, and thus 
entered upon a long career of usefulness. His mother's house 
then became a home for the preachers ; the change wrought in 
the family attracted much attention in the neighbourhood, and 
the people assembled in large numbers to attend the services. 
Night after night meetings were held. Mrs. Beatty delighted to 
invite those who came to them from a distance to partake of her 
hospitality ; and though the acoommodation was large, the number 
was often so great that it was necessary that one group after 
another should gather round her board. When it was announced 
that Mr. Bayly would preach in her fields crowds flocked to listen. 
The revival thus spread in this direction, and three well-attended 
classes were formed. Throughout the whole of the mission the 
rebound from the narrow, frigid, and formal Calvinism then so 
prevalent to all the warmth of Evangelical Arminianism was very 
marked. Many farm-houses were opened for class-meetings and 



CHAPTER XV.— 1834. 209 

other religious services^ and bands of men, all aglow with zeal 
and love, traversed the country each Sabbath, proclaiming the 
glad tidings of salvation. The neighbourhood was taken possession 
of for Christ, and such numbers were converted that at the end 
of the year two hundred and forty were returned as members of 
the Society. 

Methodism had a footing in Crumlin as early as 1777, when 
the preachers appear to have been entertained by a Mr. Moses 
Davidson ; but evidently owing to either the death or removal of 
their host, the work died out. A second attempt to establish 
a cause was made in 1826, by the Rev. Greorge M'Elwain, who 
preached there to large congregations, but having no house open 
for his reception, this eflFort was abandoned. The third attempt 
proved more successful. In this instance Mr. Greorge Chapman 
Creevy was the honoured instrument. He was a son of Mr. 
James Creevy * of Moira, and was a man of fine appearance, with 
a good voice, and an excellent local preacher. Having married 
a daughter of Mr. Henry Sinclair,'!' he came to reside at Crossbill, 
and engaged heartily in work for Christ, travelling all through 
the surrounding country to proclaim the glad tidings of salvation. 
Amongst other places, he visited Crumlin, obtained the use of 
a room in the house of a Mrs. M'llroy, and thus her two sons 
Daniel and William were led to Christ. Both of these subse-^ 
quently removed to Belfast, became identified with the Frederick 
street Society, and for many years were among its most earnest 
and successful leaders. Mr. G. C. Creevy eventually emigrated 
to America, where he entered the ministry of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Messrs. William Browne, John Thompson, and William 
Fleming were appointed by the Primitive Wesleyan Conference 
to Maguiresbridge, and there did a noble work both with regard 
to the chapel property on the circuit and the salvation of souls. 
A preaching-house at Lisnaskea was built, those at Maguires- 
bridge, Fivemiletown, Irvinestown, Trillick, and Togherdoo were 
repaired and much improved, and at the end of the year upwards 
of two thousand three hundred members were returned, being an 
increase on the previous return. 

For several years the Primitive Wesleyan Society in Dublin 

* Firftfii., pp. 241.48. \ Ibid,^.^!^, 

VOL. in.- "V^ 



210 



mSTORT OF METHODISM. 



felt the need of a preaching-hoase for the accommodation of poor 
Protestants in the Liberty, and also the lack of some provision 
for the benefit of aged widows for whom shelter coold not be 
obtained in any existing asylnm. At length, however, Providence 
opened the way for supplying both of these wants, as a large 
store and dwelling-house in Brown street became available and 
were secured, the former for a chapel, and the latter for an 
ahnshouse, with accommodation for at least ten widows. The 
preaching-house was set apart for the worship of Grod on Sunday, 
28th December, when Mr. W. G. Rice preached an appropriate 
sermon from Isaiah ii. 2. The congregation was large, and the 
collection amounted to £15. This was the twelfth Methodist 
chapel in the metropolis. 



CHAPTEE XVI. 

1836. 

Ox January 10th, 1835, Mr. M*Clure writes that his labours had 
been unusually severe, owing to the bad state of the roads and 
the flooding of the river Lagan ; but Grod had given a blessing 
in connection with his work. He had seen the drunkard reformed, 
heard swearers pray, and known the careless awakened, the stub- 
born convinced, and the followers of Christ comforted and estab- 
lished, which had put songs of joy in his heart when in the mire 
and dark he plodded to and from his appointments. The con- 
gregations in the country chapels were not so large during the 
severe weather ; but in Lisbum they were much improved, owing 
chiefly to a tract society which had been formed in the town by 
]VIr. Haslam. The audiences in private houses also were very 
good, when the people could venture out without being drenched 
by rain.* 

Early in the year death removed to the Church triumphant 
one who had been in fellowship with the Methodists for seventy 
years, sixty-eight of which he was a leader. William Black of 
Lisbum was a man of rare excellence and worth — ^poor in his 
circumstances, but cheerful as a lark ; a garret his earthly resi- 
dence, but heaven his eternal home; at ninety years of age 
glowing with the zeal and fire of youth ; bent with the load of 
years, but never absent from the means of grace. His silvery 
locks, furrowed cheeks, weeping eyes, and joyful tones, as he 
leaned on his staff" and spoke of his hope of glory, could not fail 
to arrest attention and impress the mind. He seemed a stranger 
to doubts and fears, and equally so to murmurings and complaints, 
with a smile for every one, and a good word for his Master in 
every conversation. Oh, how he loved Methodism ! and how 

• Memoir of the Rev. W. M*01\tte, pp. \Ql-^ 



212 BISTORT OF METHODISM. 

lovingly he exemplified its earnestness, simple &ith, devoteduesSy 
and useftdness ! He used to pray for ministers thus : " Lord, 
bless Thine ambassadors ; save them from sinister motives; may the 
salvation of souls be their object ; go with them into the highways 
and hedges ; make them Thine instruments in the conversion of 
thousands, and those thousands of ten thousands, and those again 
of millions, till the whole earth be filled with Thy glory." His 
death was one of holy joy and triumph. The venerable saint 
when just entering the dark valley exclaimed, " Heaven is mine; 
angels beckon me away, and Jesus bids me come." 

On the Lisbum circuit an extensive religious awakening took 
place, more especially in the neighbourhood of Ballynacoy, through 
the Divine blessing on the labour of the Eev. William Bicker- 
dike, a minister of the Primitive Methodists. Such crowds 
attended the services that no house available could accommodate 
them, therefore many of the meetings were held in the open air, 
and scores of persons were converted to God. Mr. John Collier, 
although a Wesleyan, invited the preacher to his house, and 
was cheered by seeing led to the Saviour several of his children, 
including his son James, then a young man of seventeen. One 
evening before service he went into the garden and prayed 
earnestly that if there were anything in religion he did not know, 
the Lord would show it to him that night. During the meeting 
the word was applied with power to his heart, he saw clearly 
his state as a sinner, and at the after-service responded to an 
invitation to the penitents to go to another room, where he was 
enabled to see Jesus as his Saviour, and rejoice in a conscious 
sense of acceptance with God. The preacher then called on the 
young convert to pray, and he said very earnestly, " Lord, 
convert every person in this room." He soon began to work for 
Christ, thus entering upon a course of laborious and successful 
service. 

Attention was directed to the subject of increased ministerial 
support. On February 25th a circular was issued fi-om the Cork 
and Bandon circuits, and addressed to ^Hhe Stewards and 
Leaders of Wesleyan Methodism in their several circuits through- 
out Lreland." In this document attention is called to the 
allowance to the preachers, only £16 per annum, their increased 
expenditure, and their utter inability to support themselves. 



^-■-' — ^.MP. .m. . 



CHAPTER XVI. — 1835. 213 

In the previous year, it is stated, the CJork, Bandon, and Belfieist 
circuits had written to the Conference on this subject, but the 
ministers, while respectfully acknowledging their letter, had 
declined to move in the matter, " referring it to the consideration 
of the Connexion, as the only source from whence such a measure 
could successfully emanate." An earnest appeal is made to raise 
the allowance to twenty guineas. "This advance," it is said, 
" we are fiilly persuaded no one acquainted with this subject can 
think too much (on the contrary, were it practicable, it ought to 
be more), nor can we, consistently with the regard we owe to our 
ministers and our cause, see how such an advance can in reason 
and propriety be dispensed with." This is signed by Messrs. 
William Dawson and James Salter, stewards of Cork, and 
Sylvanus Robinson and George Harris, stewards of Bandon. 

This circular called forth an " Address of the Dublin Leaders' 
Meeting to the Stewards, Leaders, and Members of the Wesleyan 
Methodist Societies throughout Lreland," in which approval is 
expressed of the proposal of the Cork and Bandon circuits, 
its adoption is urged, and the opinion is expressed that its success 
depends on the brethren in Ulster, as there could be no doubt 
with regard to other portions of the Connexion. A calculation 
is made of the contributions to the Connexional funds, from which 
it appears that the givings in the north of Lreland averaged 
la. 10 Jd, per member, while in the other provinces it was 78. G^d., 
and in Dublin IBs. 11^. This address is signed by the general 
stewards, Messrs. John 0. Bonsall and Thomas Brierly. Sligo, 
and probably some other circuits, acted immediately on the advice 
given, by raising the allowance to the preachers from £16 per 
annum to £21 ; and in time it appears to have been generally 
adopted throughout the Connexion. 

The Eev. James Eentoul, a Presbyterian] minister at Grarvagh, 
evidently annoyed at the success of the Society in his neighbour- 
hood, preached a series of sermons in which he denounced 
Methodism and its doctrinal teaching in no measured terms. 
The following are some of the statements made : " Arminianism 
is the most gloomy system on earth." "Any person dying in 
the Arminian faith cannot be saved." " By the term Arminians 
I mean the Wesleyan Methodists exclusively." "Mr. Wesley 
and the Methodists would have the woxld to uTi'9L<CT«XaxA>3wB^*^«^ 



214 mSTORT OF METHODISM. 

believe the doctrines of the Church of England, but they do not 
believe them." " Mr. Wesley and Mr. Fletcher were under the 
influence of strong prejudices, and their minds were incapable of 
receiving truth from the Word of God or the writings of candid 
men." "The Wesleyans do not believe in the agency and 
influences of the Holy Ghost." " Mr. Wesley was a Pharisee." 
" Presbyterians are guilty of perjury who send their children to 
a Wesleyan school," and therefore those who do so in Garvagh 
" will not be given Church privileges." Such statements needed 
no reply; yet to prevent injury being done, the Rev. John 
Armstrong waited on Mr. Rentoul to have a friendly conversation 
with him, and if possible disabuse his mind ; but he refused to 
have any intercourse with the Methodist preacher. A pamphlet 
containing a calm and reasonable reply to the Presbyterian 
minister was then published by J. Kelly. 

A neat and commodious chapel, for the use of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society, Ballymacarret, Belfast, was opened on Sunday, 
March 15th, by the Rev. Adam Averell. This venerable minister 
preached again, with much life and power, on the evening of the 
same day, to a large congregation in Academy street. During 
the former service Mr. Thomas M'Fann preached outside, to 
many who were unable to obtain accommodation inside the house. 
A flourishing Sunday-school, which had been for some years in 
successful operation, was transferred to the new premises. This 
was the sixth Methodist chapel in Belfast ; it cost about £212, and 
it was completed free of debt, by means of subscriptions collected 
in the town and neighbourhood.* 

In a letter dated April 11th the Rev. Adam Averell writes, 
"As to myself, now far advanced in my eighty-first year, the 
infirmities of old age are increasing upon me fast, and I am 
the more stirred up by the warning voice to do all I can in the 
service of my gracious Master, while He gives me power. I 
got home from Trillick in good health, after having spent from 
the 3rd of March, when I opened the new preaching-house in 
Newtownbutler, in travelling through the counties of Monaghan, 
Armagh, Down, Antrim, Tyrone, and Deny. And I puipose, 
please God, setting out on the 13th, for the Athlone circuit, 
ajid taking an extensive tour in that part of the kingdom. 

* J^rimitiffe Wetleyan MetKodiA Magazme, 1836, p. 1 ^3. 



OHAPTBR XVI. — 1835. 215 

While my merciful Gkxi indulges me with physical strength 
and mental capacity, I am resolved, by His grace, to spend them 
in His service and for the good of souls." * 

The Conference of the Primitive Wesleyans was as usual 
held in Dublin, and commenced its sittings on June 24th. Mr. 
Thomas MTann was elected Secretary. Samuel Larminie was 
received as having travelled two years, and Charles Skuse one 
year; while James Robinson, jun., of the Charlemont circuit, 
John Heatley, and a third young brother were admitted on trial. 
Although there was a decrease in the membership of one 
hundred and twenty-eight, the Conference was able to report 
that the preaching of the word had been commenced in many 
places, "in several of which the people were comparatively 
destitute of the means of religious instruction, and in some 
cases without any Protestant place of worship," and many had 
proved the Gospel to be " the power of God unto salvation." 

The Wesleyan Conference was held in Belfast, and commenced 
its sittings on July 3rd. Eighty-six preachers were present, 
and a number of lay gentlemen, from various parts of the 
country, attended the preparatory Committees. The Rev. Joseph 
Taylor presided, and was accompanied by the Rev. Robert Alder. 
The Rev. Robert Newton had also been appointed, but was 
detained in Scotland by sudden and very dangerous illness. 
The deepest sympathy was felt for him, and fervent prayers 
were oflFered for his restoration to health. One who was present 
at the Conference prayer-meeting writes, "I remember the 
impression those petitions made upon me, and after more 
than half a century, the scene is yet in my mind's eye, and 
the fervour of those that led, as well as the responses of those 
that followed, can never be forgotten." Years afterwards Dr. 
Newton said, "I believe I owe my life to the prayers of the 
Irish Conference. When I was getting better an eminent 
consulting physician said, * We cannot account for your recovery, 
unless, indeed, we impute it to an iron constitution ; for there 
are no principles of our profession by which we can explain it.' 
But the usual medical attendant subsequently stated, 'The 
doctor may talk of an iron constitution, but it's all owing to the 
Lord ; His people are praying for you, Mr. Newton.' 

* Memoir of the Bev. A. A-TereW, p. ^^. 



I >» 



216 HISTOKT OF METHODISM. 

An aged minister, the Rev. Zechariah Worrell, had, shortly 
after the preceding Conference, been called from a suffering life 
on earth to his everlasting rest in heaven. The Rev. Robert 
Cranston, who had taken part in the proceedings of the Con- 
ference, took suddenly ill, and in three days meekly resigned 
his spirit into the hands of his gracious Redeemer. Five 
preachers were admitted into full connexion. These included 
Samuel Jones, A.M., who had been appointed Classical Tutor 
of the new Institution, and John M'Kenny, who for about 
twenty years had been engaged as a missionary in India and 
Ceylon. Eight candidates were received on trial. Among 
these were George Vance, who had acted as a supply for Samuel 
Jones on the Sligo circuit, Thomas Hickey of Newtownbarry, 
John Hughes of Portarlington, John Farrell of the Donegal 
mission,' Robinson f Scott of Banbridge, Hugh Moore, and George 
<jrant. 

In the Address to the British Conference it is stated, " In 
some parts of the country, where apathy prevailed to an alarming 
•extent, the Spirit has been poured from on high, many having 
been roused from their supineness to inquire, * What must we 
do to be saved ? ' and the soil which had been barren, or pro- 
ductive only of the fruits of the flesh, now brings forth the 
fruits of righteousness." Although the number of emigrants 
amounted to three hundred and seventy-one, the returns showed 
an increase of four hundred and twenty-three, as well as an 
encouraging improvement in the Connexional funds. The 
Societies also had acquired greater consistency and stability, 
peace and harmony prevailed, and the members were firm in 
their attachment to the doctrines and discipline of Methodism. 

The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry was appointed to Drogheda, 
where the Rev. John Magee, son of the Archbishop of Dublin, 
was vicar of St. Peter's. He was noted for his extreme Calvinism 
and violent hostility to Methodism. " Probably Toplady himself 
never exceeded this gentleman in wild harangues, which were 
as innocent of logic as of a Christian spirit." Meantime, public 
attention was directed to Methodism, and many flocked to the 
chapel, where they heard words whereby they might be saved. 
Alarmed at the success of the Society, Mr. Magee put forth all 
bis strength to prevent the people adopting views he regarded 



CHAPTER XVI. — 1835. 217 

with utter abhorrence. One Sabbath evening, therefore, Mr. 
Tackaberry preached to a large congregation a noble defence of 
Evangelical Arminianism, the power and eloquence of which 
were subjects of conversation for many years. Thus the eflforts of 
the vicar were frustrated, and Methodism took a deeper and more 
tenacious hold of the affections and respect of an intelligent 
community. 

A striking instance or two of Ouseley's tact occurred during a 
visit he paid to this town. Taking his stand on the steps of the 
Tholsel, he began to sing a hymn, and soon a crowd assembled, 
consisting chiefly of Romanists. Having spoken to them for 
some time in his own familiar way, until he uttered a sentiment 
to which a woman objected, with great earnestness, in Irish, he 
turned toward her, and exclaimed, " Oh, did you hear that 
woman ? did you hear what she said ? She's drunk this time o' 
day. Look at her ! " The poor woman said no more until the 
close, when she observed, with much emotion, " Well, that's the 
best sermon I ever heard." Mr. Ouseley concluded by repeating 
the Lord's Prayer, and as he was about to leave a man cried out, 
"You forgot the Hail Mary. Why didn't you say the Hail 
Mary ? " There was a slight commotion, and Mr. Ouseley turned 
sharply on the speaker and said, " How dare you speak so dis- 
respectfully of the blessed Virgin ? " a rebuke which quieted all 
opposition, and appeared to meet with universal approbation. 

When, at the Conference this year, Mr. Tackaberry was 
removed from Bandon the young converts, who loved and 
esteemed him greatly, thought they would lose all their religion ; 
but the Lord was better to them than their fears. The Rev. 
William Reilly was appointed to the circuit, and before his 
arrival had a dream which greatly encouraged him. He thought 
that he saw the lawn of Park View, the residence of Mr. Cornwall, 
waving with ripe wheat, ready for the sickle. When he awoke he 
said, " We shall have a revival," and the Lord gave him the desire 
of his heart. On arriving, he set those recently led to the 
Saviour to work ; many others were converted, including Miss 
Odell, and at least upwards of one hundred added to the Society. 

Nine years previously the Rev. George Stephenson had been 
compelled, by increasing infirmities, to become a supernumerary^ 
and settled in the town, where he devoted ^\a T^Ti^TiY[i%^xs^^£^ 



218 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

to his beloved employment. Now, however, he was confined to 
the house and a constant sufferer, but his resignation and 
patience under protracted and intense pain were beautiful to 
contemplate. With uncomplaining good-humour he would 
answer the question, "How are you to-day?'' saying, "I have 
got as far as the seventh chapter of Romans — * In me, that is in 
my flesh, dwelleth no good thing/ " 

Mr. Eeilly has recorded his impressions with regard to some 
of the country parts of the circuit. Of Bengour he says that no 
storm, rain, or snow could deter the early Methodists here firom 
attending on the preaching of the word. Many of them had to 
cross large bogs, and when the nights were dark would carry a 
burning fagot to give them light. If, unfortunately, they should 
sink in the mud, and in extricating themselves prove minus a 
boot or shoe, they did not wait to recover it, but stuck a piece of 
wood in the spot, and guided by it in daylight, sought to regain 
what they had lost. Amongst the leading members at this time 
were old James Bride and his two devoted daughters, William 
Welply,* his good wife and family, and John Hosfordt of 
Farranmareen and his excellent partner. One harvest season 
proved very wet and injurious to the crops, so that the farmers 
were greatly alarmed ; but a very fine Sunday arrived, and the 
neighbours assembled to save their grain, while John Hosford, 
trusting in Providence, refused all offers of aid, went as usual to 
the place of prayer, and let his sheaves lie in the ridges. The 
day following proved equally fine, and John reaped his com in 
good order, while what had been cut down on Sunday heated, 
and was seriously damaged, if not destroyed. The class-meetings, 
after the morning service, at Rushfield, where a chapel had just 
been erected, were especially means of great spiritual refireshment. 

At Ballyneen, where a chapel had been erected thirteen years 
previously, Mr. Reilly met George Damery, who said to him, 

" The Rev. Mr. S came to me one day and asked, ' Are you 

not an advocate of sinless perfection ? Can you live without com- 
mitting sin ? ' * Glory to God,' said I, ' by His grace I have been 
preserved from committing wilful sin for sixteen years!' 'There,' 
said he, pointing at me, ' is a man that thinks he enjoys sinless 
perfection, and I sin every hour in thought, word, and deed.' 

* Son of John Welply. f Son of Beniamin Hosford. Vide i, 868. 



CHAPTER XVI. — 1835. 219 

* liOrd have mercy on you ! ' said I ; ' the very devils in hell could 
do no more than that.' " Thus the controversy ended, and had 
George studied Leslie's Short, and Easy Method, he could not 
have done it better. 

The Eev. George Burrowes was appointed as a missionary to 
Athlone and Gastlereagh, which included parts of the counties of 
Westmeath, Galway, Roscommon, Longford, and King's County. 
At Lawrencetown he says there was no place of worship except 
the Methodist chapel, and the Romanists sent their children to 
the Wesleyan daily school. At Ferbane, by the exertion and aid 
of a kind friend, a house had been erected for the double purpose 
of a chapel and school. It was opened by the Rev. Samuel 
Wood, and the* subsequent improvement in the Society and 
school justified the expenditure and eflfort which the building 
involved. At Kilbeggan especially, however, the Lord graciously 
encouraged His servants by permitting them to see fruit to their 
labours. 

It may here be noted that Captain Richard Vicars, of the 
Royal Engineers, was quartered at Mullingar. Some twenty 
years previously, at St. John's, he had been induced to attend 
the Methodist sen'ices, and thus was led to become an earnest 
Christian, a devoted Methodist, and an acceptable local preacher. 
He got married ; the lady of his «hoice was a pious member of the 
Society, and Hedley Vicars of the 97th was the fruit of this 
union. At Mullingar the amiable captain, with his wife and son, 
was a regular attendant at the Methodist chapel, and felt that 
he had no cause to be ashamed of the Church connected with 
which he had found the Saviour. And here, four years later, he 
died, respected and beloved by all who knew him. While on 
his deathbed he was visited by the Wesleyan ministers. The 
biographer of Hedley Vicars must of course have known that 
he was the child of Methodist parents, and deeply indebted 
to Methodist teaching and influence, yet he most carefully and 
studiously suppressed all reference to the Society. 

The Rev. Hugh Murray, a nephew of Miss Lutton, was a 
curate in Sligo, and of him the Rev. G. Vance, D.D., records that 
" in deep piety, devotion to his calling, and usefulness it would 
be diflScult to find his equal in any ministry." A very remarkable 
case of impression occurred to him. One ixiorDLVxi^V^ ^xcspsifc^NS^ 



220 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

the idea that there was something requiring his presence in the 
house of two old women who were pious Wesleyans. He had 
previously called on them occasionally, and talked and prayed 
with them and two orphan children they were rearing; but 
except that he believed they were in straitened circumstances 
and religiously disposed, he knew no more. This morning, how- 
ever, he endeavoured to shake oflF the impression, but it still 
pressed on him, until at last he seized his hat and bent his 
course to the cottage. As he drew near he heard the voice of 
prayer, and paused, unwilling to disturb the religious devotions of 
the inmates, and the language of the supplicant caught his 
attention and held him fast. The poor old woman was entreating 
the Ix)rd to put it in some person's heart to give them as much as 
would keep them that day from dying of hunger. When prayer 
ended the curate opened the door and walked in. They were 
surprised at his early visit, but glad to see him. On inquiry, he 
found theirs to be such a case of concealed destitution as filled 
him with deep sympathy. It was Saturday, and he gave them 
relief for that and the following day. On the Sabbath morning he 
took for his text, " All things whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, 
believing, ye shall receive," introduced the preceding fact as an 
illustration, and took occasion to appeal to the congregation for 
assistance to relieve the case. When he retired to the vestry it 
was crowded ; contributions were freely given, and Mr. Murray 
was thus enabled to raise for the two poor Methodist women a 
fund which kept them from want until God took them to 
heaven.* 

On November 4th a new Wesleyan chapel was opened in 
Templemore by the Rev. Robert Young. Notwithstanding 
unfavourable weather, the congregations were large and appeared 
to be deeply impressed, and the collections were good. The lord 
of the soil and other local gentlemen not connected with the 
Society rendered valuable aid in this undertaking.t 

On Sunday, November 8th, also, a new Wesleyan chapel, on 
the East wall, Londonderry, was opened for Divine service. The 
pulpit was occupied by the Rev. Joseph Beaumont, who preached 
two most eloquent and impressive sermons — one from Psalm 

* Memorials of a Consecrated Life, pp. 316-17. 
f Weslryan Methodic, Jlfogattne, 1835, p. 948. 



CHAPTBR XVI. — 1835. 221 

cxviii. 22, 23, and the other from Hebrews vi. 18. The con- 
gregations filled the house, and included the Bishop of the 
diocese and the Mayor, who, with others, acted as collectors. The 
cost was about £1,100, which was raised by subscriptions, and the 
collections at the opening services amounted to £105. On 
the same day the Sunday-school scholars, numbering upwards 
of one hundred and fifty, headed by their superintendent, Mr. 
William M* Arthur, marched in order, singing hymns, firom the 
old premises in Linenhall street to the new school-room under 
the chapel. Mr. M* Arthur had settled in the maiden city two 
or three years previously, entering upon an exceedingly prosperous 
business career, and identifying himself heartily with Methodism. 
For about a quarter of century he, with characteristic energy, 
perseverance, and liberality, took the lead in every local enter- 
prise for the advancement of the cause, and then when, in 
consequence of increase of business, he removed to London, con- 
tinued to take a lively and most generous interest in all that 
concerned the success of Irish Methodism. 

The old chapel in Armagh was used by the Society for forty- 
eight years, but long before the close of that term it was 
found insufficient to accommodate the congregation. It was there- 
fore determined to supplant it with another edifice, considerably 
larger and more comfortable. The first stone of the new building 
was laid on September 14th, by Captain W. W. Algeo, J.P., the 
devotional exercises being conducted by the Rev. Alexander 
Sturgeon and others. It was completed and opened for public 
worship shortly afterwards, the Rev. Robert Jessop being at the 
time superintendent of the circuit, and about twelve months 
later a commodious minister's residence was erected. As an 
interesting fact, it may be mentioned that, before the new chapel 
was completed, one night there came to the service a lad, the 
son of a godless and dissipated barber. This boy was awakened 
under the sermon, and sought and found mercy. His conscience 
then would not permit him to work on Sunday ; and as he 
persevered in this determination, the father drove him firom his 
house. The poor lad now appRed to one of the Methodist leaders 
for advice ; and he took him to his house, sought out a small 
shop, and became accountable for the rent. In this humble abode 
the youth began the world, and his first zxX, ^^a \j^ yg^ va. "Oofe 



222 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

window a show-board, with these words, " No shaving done here 
on Sunday." The business prospered wondrously, while that of 
the wicked parent declined, so that he earnestly besought his 
son to return. The youth consented, but only on condition 
that his show-board should accompany him and be put up in 
his father's window. This was done — the law of God was re- 
spected, and business prospered. After some time, when the 
family realized a little money, they emigrated to America, and 
the Grod-honouring and God-honoured barber's boy became the 
minister of one of the largest churches in New York. 

Another incident in connection with the old chapel in 
Armagh may also be mentioned here. A respectable tradesman 
living in the city, a member of the Society and a devout servant 
of God, was seized with typhus fever. Great sympathy was 
felt for his wife and family, and prayer was oflFered for him 
that, if consistent with the Divine will, his valuable life might 
be spared. The poor distracted wife was dissatisfied that any 
condition was put into the petition, and one Sunday evening, 
when all hope of recovery had been given up by the doctors, 
she rushed into the chapel at the commencement of the service, 
and falling upon her knees, cried with intense agony, " Lord, 
spare him ! Lord, spare him ! Lord, spare him ! " Then, without 
waiting for the service, she hastened home, and with fearful 
anxiety watched her husband all night. Next day there appeared 
a slight improvement in the symptoms, and he gradually re- 
covered. In order to hasten his restoration, the doctors plied 
him with intoxicating drink. The result was that he acquired a 
love for stimulants, and was led on step by step by his passion 
until he became a confirmed drunkard, and imder the influence 
of drink died, without God and without hope. 

There lived in this city a clever but rather eccentric gentle- 
man, called Dr. Colvan, who, although a Churchman, occasionally 
attended the services in the Methodist chapel, and sometimes 
took the chair at missionary meetings. One day, at a public 
dinner, he happened to be seated opposite to the Dean of 
Armagh, who said to a gentleman beside him, in tones sufficiently 
loud to be heard by CJolvan, "I have consulted a great many 
doctors in my time — ^in fact, some of the most eminent in the 
profession — and paid them large fees ; but in reality I have got 



CHAPTBB XVI.— 1835. 223 

more benefit from some quack medicine than from all the pre- 
scriptions of the faculty." The doctor, who was jealous of the 
honour of his profession, became indignant and retorted, '^I 
have been in the habit of attending public worship in the 
Cathedral, and have heard there many of the most celebrated 
and best-paid clergymen in the Church, and have occasionally 
attended the little Methodist chapel, and strange to say, I 
received more benefit from the ministrations in that lowly 
building than from all the services that I attended in the great 
Cathedral." The Dean was thus " shut up." 

Dr. Colvan left a legacy of £6,000, to be invested in Govern- 
ment stock, and the interest divided equally between the 
ministers of the Protestant churches in the city, for the benefit 
of the poor of their respective congregations. The will was 
disputed, on the ground of testamentary incapacity and undue 
influence. It was insinuated that certain Methodists had 
induced him to leave money for Methodistic purposes, whereas 
all he left was £400 to the Missionary Society, while £1,250 
was bequeathed to the missions of the Established Church. 
When therefore the case was considered in the Court of Probate, 
Dublin, it appeared that the opposing counsel had been instructed 
to attack the Methodists ; and he did so sharply. Dr. Lynn was 
one of the witnesses, and the following is a report of his cross- 
examination: *'I believe," said the counsellor, "you are a 
Methodist ? " " Yes," answered the witness, " I have the honour 
to belong to that denomination." " You have been very zealous 
for that people since you joined them ? " "I was always a Method- 
ist, and my father before me." "Did you supply Dr. Colvan 
with a list of Methodist charities ? " " No, but I frirmshed him 
with a list of the Protestant missionary societies in the 
kingdom, and left him to make his own selection to which he 
would leave legacies." " Do you sometimes preach ? " " Well, 
I occasionally read a sermon to a country congregation, but I 
don't call that preaching ; " a reply which raised a general laugh 
in court, as the rector of Armagh was seated near the witness. 
" Did you not, sir, attend church regularly ? " " Yes, when I had 
no better place to go to." This proved too much for the lawyer, 
80 he collapsed. The will was confirmed. 

As God owned and prospered His wotk\iL'NLBxV<^>i\3S5L^%2^^^»!- 



224 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

tion was made to Lord Grosford for ground on which to build a 
chapel, and he at once complied with the request, although soon 
afterwards an attempt was made to prejudice his mind and induce 
him to withdraw the grant. This having failed, it was said the 
promise was given to the wrong party — ^that it should have been 
given to the Primitive Wesleyans, and not the Wesleyan 
Methodists. But his lordship was equal to the occasion, and 
replied, " I will give ground to the Primitives also." This non- 
plussed the objectors, as the assumed objects of their sympathy 
were neither able nor disposed to build in the village. In due 
time, therefore, the foundation-stone of a Wesleyan chapel was 
laid, and a substantial house erected, in which many souls have 
been brought to God. It is worthy of note that the very day on 
which this chapel was opened for Divine worship one of the 
parties who had tried to prevent its erection died of fever, and 
not long afterwards the second was laid low with the same disease, 
while the third was deposed from his ministerial charge, and left 
the town in disgrace. Amongst the Methodist worthies of 
Markethill mention should be made of James Maxwell, son of 
the good woman who rented the first Methodist sanctuary in 
Armagh. He served in the army some years, was present at 
many engagements, and had, no doubt in answer to the prayers 
of his pious mother, many remarkable escapes. When in the 
West Indies he received a sunstroke, which eventuated in the 
total loss of sight, and caused him to return home. Shortly 
afterwards he became miserable on account of his sins, sought 
pardon, and obtained peace in believing. From that time he 
became valiant for the truth, went about doing good, and his 
labours were greatly blessed. There was a notable incident in 
connection with the death of this good man. When seized with 
his last illness, after some days of suflFering, alarming symptoms 
set in, his case appeared hopeless, and this was gently announced 
to him by his devoted medical attendant, Dr. Lynn. Maxwell 
replied that he had no fear of death, as his mind was in peace, 
resting on the merits of Christ ; " but," added he, ^' I am a little in 
debt, and if God would mercifully spare my life for fifteen days 
my quarter's pension would be due, and I could pay all." To the 
astonishment of the doctor, the disease at once came to a stand- 
stiU, continued so for fifteen days, and then when a magistrate 



CHAPTER XVI. — 1835. 225 

had signed the pension paper the extreme prostration returned, 
and the patient died in a few hours.* 

On Sunday, September 13th, a new chapel in connection with 
the Primitive Wesleyan Society was opened by Mr. Thomas 
MTann, at Dromara, in the county of Down. The history of this 
building is worthy of note. Some time previous to the period 
now under consideration one of the missionaries visited this, 
village, and was kindly received by Mr. Hill, a man of deep piety 
and liberal spirit, but in humble circumstances, and under his 
friendly roof services were regularly held. It was, however, soon 
found that the house was too small to accommodate those who 
desired to attend, and Mr. Hill resolved to build a chapel. 
There were many serious obstacles to the accomplishment of this, 
no eligible site being apparently available, and no one able and 
willing to render assistance ; but the devoted man was not easily 
daunted. Believing that God could remove every hindrance, he 
had recourse to prayer, and in answer to his supplications, suitable 
ground was obtained, free of rent. He then laboured with his 
own hands and prayed, and prayed and laboured, night and day, 
until without having received one shilling to assist him, the object 
of his prayerful solicitude was accomplished. The houee was 
substantially built, slated, and well finished, and as an earnest of 
subsequent good, several of those who attended the services in it 
were soon aroused to serious concern about their immortal souls, t 

Primitive Wesleyan Methodism had now existed in Dundalk 
for a number of years, through the influence of Mr. David B. 
Goodlatte, who had made it his home, and opened his house for 
religious service. In the winter of 1827-28 Mr. William Scott 
was invited to the town, and thenceforward it became a regular 
preaching appointment. The place, however, became too strait 
for the hearers, and the little flock were obliged, again and again, 
to seek a larger place of meeting, until the Lord put it into the 
hearts of His servants to arise and build a house for His worship 
and service. A valuable site was secured from the Earl of Boden 
at a nominal rent, and on it was erected a neat and substantial 
house. On October 4th this chapel was opened, the services 
being conducted by Messrs. Thomas MTann and John Bamsey. 

* Ljnu*a Methodism on the Armagh Circuit, pp. 110-33. 
t PHmUive Wesleyan Methodiit MagMVMyX^S&y'^'^^^ 

VOL, in. ^-^ 



226 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

The entire cost of the building was £350, of which about one- 
half was subscribed when the work was completed. 

A third chapel erected at this time, under the auspices of 
the Primitive Wesleyan Society, was in Langrish place, Dublin. 
Here in 1825 a concern was rented and fitted up as a preaching- 
house. This was subsequently enlarged by an awkward addition, 
but it proved so incommodious and uncomfortable that the leading 
friends now gladly seized the opportunity of purchasing the 
entire premises, including two dwelling-houses, in order to erect a 
new chapel, at a cost of about £500. This building was opened 
on Sunday, November 8th, Mr. William C. Rice preaching from 
Daniel vii. 13, 14, and Mr. George Bobinson from Psalm cxxxiv. 2, 
and the collections amounted to upwards of £40.* 

The determination of the British Conference to establish an 
Institution proved the occasion of a serious agitation in England. 
To some it seemed that the evils which would attend the opening 
of such a theological academy would far outweigh any possible 
advantages that might be gained, others were offended on 
account of the ministers into whose hands its control was placed, 
and there were many who objected to the manner in which they 
considered the proposal was thrust on the Connexion. Thus a 
controversy which commenced about a college soon extended to 
questions of Church polity. Soon after the Conference had 
closed, the whole Methodist community was surprised by the 
publication of a pamphlet entitled Remarks on the Wesleyan Theo- 
logical Institution for the Education of the Junior Preachers ; 
together with the Substance of a Speech delivered in the London 
Conference of 1834, by Samuel Warren, LL.D. In this brochure 
the circumstances are related which led the doctor to discover 
an attempt to invest Mr. Bunting and his immediate friends 
with a measure of power and influence highly dangerous to the 
liberties of the preachers and the people ; and the whole project 
is denounced as fatally injurious, and one that a God of holiness 
could not look upon with approbation. Other pamphlets, as well 
as articles and letters in newspapers, appeared in rapid succession, 
causing much agitation, until at length "The Grand Central 
Association" was inaugurated, involving eventually a secession 
of about 20,000 members. An unsuccessful attempt was made 

* JPrimitiv$ Weileyan Metkoditt Magazine^ pp. 410-13. 



CHAPTBR XVI. — 1835. 227 

to extend this agitation to Ireland, especially in Dublin, where 
there were a few dissatisfied spirits who to some extent 
sympathized with the movement. Of these James Lamb, who 
had been in the itinerancy and was now in business in the city, 
became a kind of ringleader. Thus a good deal of uneasy feeling 
was excited; but it soon i)assed olSf, and left apparently no 
permanent results. 

Towards the close of this year several valuable bequests came 
to the Society through the death of the Hon. Miss Sophia Ward, 
who nearly sixty years previously had been converted through 
the instrumentality of Irish Methodism. This noble Christian 
lady was a thorough Protestant. When her nephew, Lord 
Bangor, gave a site on his estate for the erection of a Boman 
Catholic chapel, it displeased her greatly. Yet she was not 
bigoted, as may be seen from her distribution of bequests. 
Having left considerable sums to relatives, and a fair provision 
to servants and dependents, she bequeathed the residue of her 
property to religious and charitable purposes, one half being left 
to Methodism, including the Missionary Society, Irish Home 
Missions, the Worn-out Ministers and Ministers' Widows, and 
the Chapel Fund, and the other half to the Strangers' Friend, 
Hibernian Bible, Mendicity, Kildare Place, and Sunday-school 
Societies, the House of Refuge, and the poor of Ballyculter. 
The religious views of Miss Ward, however, were not altogether 
Wesleyan, but were moulded very much by the influence of her 
cousin, Richard W. Tighe, Esq., M.P., who was a disciple of 
William Law, and published a selection from his works, entitled 
Dimne BeTievolence. Numerous copies of this little volume were 
gratuitously distributed by Miss Ward. It was a happy provi- 
dential circumstance which led her to secure the presence and 
assistance of a Mr, and Mrs. Baldwinson, who not only possessed 
the kind spirit, gentle manners, and personal accomplishments 
calculated to contribute much to the happiness of domestic life, 
but also were truly devoted to God and warmly attached to 
Methodism, and with unremitting care and fidelity ministered 
to both the physical and spiritual wants of their friend to the 
end. Accompanied by them, Miss Ward went to London, where 
she was seized with what proved to be her last illness. For some 
time her mind was in considerable donbt widi ^t^«o^. ^^^^ 



228 



HISTORY OF METHODISM. 



had not that clear evidence of her acceptance with Grod which 
it was her privilege to enjoy, but in answer to earnest, believing 
prayer, every doubt was dispelled, and she requested her friends 
on bended knees to thank God for what He had done for her. 
Thus, in London, on the 15th of December, resting only on the 
merits of Christ, she quietly fell asleep. Her remains were 
buried, without ostentation or display, in Twickenham church- 
yard, there to await the sound of the archangel's trump and the 
voice of God. 

" Servant of God, well done ! They serve God well 
Who serve His creatures. When the funeral bell 
Tolls for the dead there's nothing left of all 
That decks the 'scutcheon and the velvet pall, 
Save this. The coronet is empty show ; 
The strength and loveliness are hid below ; 
The shifting wealth to others hath accrued, 
And learning cheers not the grave's solitude. 
What's done is what remains. Ah, blessed they 
Who leave completed tasks of love to stay 
And answer mutely for them, being dead ! 
Life was not purposeless, though Hfe be fled." 



CHAPTEE XVII. 

1836. 

On January 27th, 1836, Mr. George H. Irwin, who was on the 
Kilkenny Primitive Wesleyan mission, writes, "The cause of 
religion begins to look up on this station ; many of our old friends 
are greatly stirred up, and earnestly praying for an outpouring of 
the Divine Spirit ; and we have already had some blessed indica- 
tions that the Lord is a hearer and answerer of prayer. A gracious 
Providence has opened my way into the town of Castlecomer, 
and by the exertions of some kind friends, we have got the use of 
a large and commodious place in which to hold forth the word of 
life. Our congregations are large and deeply attentive, and we 
have the prospect of much good. We have lately got up two- 
tract societies that are likely to be very useful, and we have 
commenced a more active system of visiting. We call at 
barracks, hospitals, almshouses, and wherever we can get an 
open door, trusting in Him in whose name we sow the seed of 
life that we shall not run in vain, neither labour in vain." 

Concerning the Clonmel mission Mr. William Herbert, jun., 
reports, " I think I may say with safety that the knowledge of 
the Grospel is rapidly increasing in this country. At Portlaw 
there is a steady and increasing congregation and a growing 
attachment to Methodism. In Mitchelstown, where the Boman- 
ists formerly came, in large numbers to disturb and oppose our 
worship, many of them now come to hear with attention, and 
some, I hope, to pray and seek salvation. There are in this part 
of the country some hundreds of the members of the Romish 
Church reading or learning to read the Scriptures, and some 
have openly renounced Popery. Thus the light is breaking forthy 
and it is thought by many that we are on the eve of a blessed 
change. In Caher, where we have numero\ia ^ti\AA\i^ ^^\A%^ ^^a- 



230 HISTOBY OF MBTH0DIS3I. 

congregation is improving; and if we had a suitable place in 
which to hold our meetings, we would have a rising cause." 

Messrs. William Craig and Thomas Wilson were on the county 
of Wicklow mission, where their labours were much owned of the 
Lord. On March 20th Mr. Wilson writes, " Obtained Tinahely 
market-house, in which, after a few hours' working, a large 
congregation assembled. I spoke from * How long halt ye 
between two opinions?' The word took eiSFect. A Roman 
Catholic who was present was convinced of his error, and 
renounced Bomanism. He is the object of persecution, but 
continues steadfast." Preaching-places were secured at Rathdrum 
and several other places through the county, and the state and 
prospect of the mission were greatly improved. In autumn the 
lord of the soil granted the Society, for its services, a large room 
in a public building in Rathdrum ; this was comfortably fitted up, 
and thus the local prospects became still brighter. 

Mr. Dawson D. Heather was stationed on the Sligo mission, 
where he laboured with great energy and acceptance. To 
acconmiodate the increasing congregations in the town a chapel 
had been commenced about eighteen months previously, and he 
carried it to completion, so that it was opened by the Rev. Adam 
Averell on March 6th. In raising the means necessary for this 
undertaking Mr. Heather paid his first visit to England, and 
thus formed many acquaintances which in after-years proved the 
basis of more extensive operations on behalf of his beloved land. 

Messrs. John Ramsey and Charles Skuse of the Newry mission 
say, " The God of missions has condescended to bless the exertions 
of His servants in this widely extended field, not only in the 
opening of new places for preaching and in the formation of new 
classes, but in the salvation of souls. On January 5th Drogheda 
was visited for the first time ; the Mayor granted the use of the 
market-house, and arrangements were made for fortnightly ser- 
vices. In Castleblayney, which has been recently visited, the 
use of the market-house has also been secured, regular preaching 
established, and there are cheering prospects, a class of thirteen 
persons having been formed. In both of these towns several 
Romanists attend the services, and seem to hear with marked 
attention. The congregations in Dundalk are increasing in 
number, and Newry, which was long the most discouraging part 



CHAPTER XVIL — 1836. 231 

of this mission, is now manifesting symptoms of improvement. 
Upon the mission at large twelve new classes have been formed 
in the course of the quarter." Two months later Mr. Ramsey 
writes, " On the 15th inst. I visited CoUon for the first time, 
and waited on Lord Ferrard, who kindly procured me a place to 
preach in. I visited nearly all the Protestant families in the 
tovm, together with some fiomanists, and had an opportunity 
afterwards of preaching the glorious Gospel to a congregation of 
nearly two hundred." 

The Lord graciously poured out His Spirit on the people of 
the country about Dromara, and much good was done. The 
Scripture-reader states, " During the past quarter we have had 
access to twelve new places, in which meetings are regularly held. 
I cannot attend the calls that are made to me to hold services ; 
and not only have the people opened their houses to receive us, 
but many have opened their hearts to receive the Saviour. 
There is in all our meetings a universal bowing down before the 
Lord, anxiously seeking His salvation. At our quarterly meeting 
there were about forty penitents, and the power of the Lord was 
present, not only to break down, but also to heal." 

Mr. Greorge Stewart, who was appointed to Lisbum and 
Antrim, states, '^ This mission, with the exception of the town of 
Antrim, continues in a state of growing prosperity. During the 
last quarter we have formed four new classes, besides having 
obtained six additional leaders. Our March quarterly meetings 
were greatly acknowledged of the Lord. The meeting at Glenavy 
exceeded anything of the kind ever witnessed in that town pre- 
viously — many souls were made happy in God. Amongst the 
converts on this mission are some who were once Socinians. 
One of these related his experience at the Glenavy meeting, and 
the effect was powerful while, with streaming eyes, he exclaimed, 
^ The Lord Jesus has saved my soul from double darkness.' At 
the Lisbum meeting another related his experience, in substance, 
as follows : ' For a length of time I durst not pray to Christ, 
lest I should be an idolater ; but, by the blessing of God on the 
labours of the Methodist missionaries, I have obtained mercy 
through that precious blood which I once blasphemed.' " 

From Augnacloy Mr. John Thompson writes, '^ Since my last 
quarterly report I have succeeded in forming foux ida^ ^j^sbs^i^^ 



232 msTOBY OF Methodism. 

besides having a considerable increase in some of the old ones. 
But what is of infinitely more value, we have had upwards of fifty 
persons who have made a profession of being converted to Grod, 
and who by their lives are proving the genuineness of the change 
which they have experienced. Our dear and respected brother 
William Herbert, sen., visited this town, and preached at our last 
quarterly meeting. It was truly a joyful season ; eighteen persons 
were hopefully converted to the Lord. We are going forward 
with our new house at Emyvale ; a considerable part of the stone 
work is up, and we hope to lose no time and spare no exertion 
till it be completed. In collecting money for this we have 
received much more encouragement than we at first antici- 
pated." 

On Tuesday morning, March 8th, the Rev. Robert Newton 
arrived in Dublin. Having on the previous Sunday preached in 
Leeds, and stated to his congregation that he was about to visit 
Ireland to open two chapels, and that he would gladly be the 
bearer of any help they were willing to give to these new erections, 
£25 was placed in his hands. One of these chapels was at Kings- 
town, where on the day of his arrival Mr. Newton preached twice, 
and the collections amounted to £62, to which £10 was added out 
of the gift of the friends in England. In this town the Rev. 
Charles Mayne, at the following Conference, settled as a super- 
numerary, and spent his remaining strength in the work to which 
he had devoted his life. There are those still in the neighbour- 
hood who gratefully spoke of his efibrts and venerate his memory. 

The second new chapel was in Wexford, where the house in 
Allen street, built in 1802, having proved too small for the 
increasing congregations, although a gallery had been added, a 
plot of ground in a central situation in Rowe street was secured 
for the erection of a more commodious edifice. Here a neat and 
comfortable house was built, at a cost of about £750, and the 
opening service was conducted on the evening of March 9th. The 
chapel was crowded, and the collection amounted to £74, together 
with the balance of the English subscriptions. On the following 
morning a breakfast-meeting was held in the Assembly-room, at 
which about three hundred persons were present, and eloquent 
addresses were delivered by Mr. Newton and others. Thus the 
work in the town was placed in more hopeful circumstances, and 



CHAPTEU X VII.— 1836. 233 

the expectations thus raised were fully realized. A chapel was 
also erected at this period in Enniscorthy, and was opened by the 
Rev. Fossey Tackaberry. 

The Revs. Theophilus Lessey and William Shaw were appointed 
on the missionary deputation in the south. During the visit of 
the latter to Wexford he preached from Isaiah xliii. 13, and in 
the course of the sermon described the chariot of the Gospel, and 
the Redeemer taking up to Himself in it those who were loving, 
loyal, and zealous, to assist Him in distributing His favours. 
Robert J. Meyer, who was present, says he felt almost over- 
powered, and cried inwardly, if not audibly, " Ix>rd, take me up ! 
Lord, take me up ! " and the Lord did take him up, then and there 
calling him to the sacred work of the ministry. This solemn 
intimation was ratified on a Sunday morning shortly afterwards, 
in the little chapel at Duncannon. The youthful local preacher 
having gone there to fill the place of Mr. Darby, who was unable 
to attend to his appointment, the officials could not conceal their 
feelings of disappointment ; but the Lord answered for Himself, 
first by impressing on the mind of young Meyer the words of 
Christ, Luke x. 16, and then by giving such clearness, point, and 
power to the word preached that the leaders rallied round the 
preacher and acknowledged that the Lord was with him. 

Mr. Lessey was down amongst other places for Bandon, and 
the friends there asked him to preach at noon on the Monday. 
His reputation had reached the town, so great things were 
expected ; the warehouses were closed, all business was suspended, 
and a large congregation assembled to hear what proved to be one 
of the greatest sermons to which they had ever listened. The 
text was Colossians ii. 14, 15. " Great good was done by that one 
sermon," says Mr. Reilly, " and in his platform effort in the 
evening Mr. Lessey exceeded himself.'* * 

A deeply interesting breakfast-meeting was held in Dublin, in 
connection with the annual assembly of the preachers of the 
district in May. It was intended for the children of ministerSi 
about sixty-two of whom, including a few grandchildren, were 
present. They were addressed by the Revs. Charles Mayne, 
William Ferguson, Henry Deery, Michael Murphy, James B. 

• UnpubUshcxi MS. of the Rev. W. Keillj, in the hands of the Bev. J. W. M*Kay 
D.D. 



234 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

GillmaD, Fossey Tackaberry, and others, each of whom gave an 
account of his religious experience or reminiscences of his Chris- 
tian work. It appears that this service had been inaugurated in 
the previous year by the Rev. Thomas Waugh, but we have no 
details of the meeting then held, or of any other of a similar 
character that took place for many years subsequently. 

At Carrickmacross, although Methodist services had been held 
in the town irregularly for about nine years, the cause had not 
made much progress. Now, however, a fresh and successful start 
was made by the Bev. Fossey Tackaberry, who secured the use of 
the marked-house. He says, " We walked over to Carrickmacross, 
and I gave a Temperance lecture to about four hundred persons, 
more than half of whom were Romanists. They listened with the 
deepest attention. I published for preaching on the following 
evening, when, to my surprise, the large room was packed to 
suJQfocation. Most of the Protestants in the town, with about 
three hundred and fifty Romanists, heard with solemn interest, 
while I applied the aflfectionate entreaty and tender expostulation 
in Ezekiel xxxiii. 11. This is amazing. I preached here one 
evening in August, 1822, to eight persons, and on another to 
thirteen ; but now we have by far the largest congregation on the 
circuit." From this period services were regularly and successfully 
held in the town. 

On June 29th the Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Conference 
commenced its sittings in Dublin, with the Rev. Adam Averell as 
President, and Mr. Robert Connolly as Secretary. Seven candidates 
were admitted on trial. These included Robert Campbell of the 
Tanderagee circuit, William H. Mervyn of the Cavan circuit, 
John M'llroy of the Lisbum mission^ and William Lindsay of the 
Newtownstewart circuit. One death was reported, that of William 
C. Rice, who had been seized by a malignant fever, induced by 
over-exertion, and after an illness of a few days, was called home 
to everlasting rest. There was a decrease in the membership 
of three hundred and ninety-seven. A deputation from the 
Hibernian Temperance Society having waited on the Conference, 
it was resolved, " We pledge ourselves to abstain altogether from 
the use of ardent spirits, except when administered as a medicine 
— according to the Society rule in this case — and to use every 
means in our power to influence others to do the same, and 



CHAPTER XVII. — 1836. 235 

farther, by our counteDance and advocacy to aid in the formation 
of Temperance societies on our respective stations." Mr. Thomas 
M*Fann was appointed Travelling Secretary to the Missions, while 
Mr. George Revington acted as Resident Secretary and Book 
Steward. For seven years the former, in the pulpit, on the plat- 
form, and by personal appeals advocated the claims of the Society 
with much power, acceptance, and success. 

Daring the Conference the preachers and representatives 
resolved on presenting their President with some mark of their 
esteem and love. A subscription was at once entered upon, and 
it was agreed that the presentation should consist of a covered 
gig, horse, and harness. When informed of what was in contem- 
plation, Mr. Averell strongly objected, on the ground that it would 
violate the principle on which he had acted for nearly half a 
century, and upon which he still intended to act — that of preach- 
ing the Gospel gratuitously. But when it was urged that the 
gift was intended only as an expression of regard and alSfection 
he was so overcome with emotion as to be scarcely able to give 
expression to his feelings, and at once acceded to the wishes 
of his brethren. The vehicle, which was the only one he used 
daring the rest of his ]ife, he frequently called "the Chariot 
of Love." 

The Wesley an Conference began in Dublin on July 1st. Nearly 
one hundred ministers were present, including the Rev. Richard 
Reece, the President, the Rev. Robert. Newton, the Rev. John 
Beecham, the Rev. Egerton Ryerson of Canada, and the Rev. John 
Tackaberry of the American Methodist Episcopal Church. James 
Carter was elected by seniority a member of the Legal Conference, 
instead of Alexander Sturgeon, superannuated. Seven young men 
were received on trial as candidates for the ministry. These 
included William M'Gttrvey of Rathmelton, Robert Hamilton 
(2nd) of Lame, Robert Black, and Robert Wallace. Daring the 
year two supernumeraries had been removed by death— one of 
these Francis Armstrong, at the advanced age of eighty years, 
and the other Robert Cranston, at a much earlier period in life, 
yet both, having kept the fiedth, finished their course with joy, 
and left a blessed testimony to the love and power of Christ. 
Notwithstanding a loss of five hundred and twenty-two members 
by emigration, there was a net increase in t\i<b \)C2^»N. ^o^Qsni^c^KSL ^ 



236 HISTOUY OF METHODISM. 

three hundred and ninety-eight, showing on the whole an 
accession of one thousand and eighty-two. 

The public services of the Conference, more especially the 
anniversary of the opening of Abbey street chapel and the 
missionary meeting, were of unwonted interest and attended by 
unusually large numbers. The former was held on Sunday, 
July 3rd, when the Rev. Robert Newton preached with marvellous 
eloquence to a crowded congregation, "hundreds being unable 
to obtain admission," and the collection amounted to upwards of 
£100. On the following day at noon, the Conference having 
adjourned for the purpose, the annual meeting of the Hibernian 
Missionary Society was held in the large room of the Rotundo, 
which was filled with a deeply interested audience ; the Lord 
Mayor took the chair, and the meeting was considered " the best 
of the kind ever held in Ireland," while the proceeds were more 
than double what had been received at any time previously. 

At this period a young man of seventeen, Wallace M^MuUen, 
became a member of the Society in Belfast, and thus entered upon 
a course of most important and extensive usefulness in connection 
with Methodism. He was a native of Newtownards, where his 
father, mother, and two uncles had been converted, through the 
labours of the Rev. John Hill. The preachers of the Donaghadee 
circuit regularly visited and preached at his father's house, and 
he was thus early impressed with a feeling of reverence for 
Methodist ministers. While still very young he was put to 
business in Belfast, and his residence in this town at that time 
continued for seven years. We have reason to believe it was 
during this period he was led to religious decision and brought 
into the enjoyment of personal piety. He joined the Society in 
1836. Soon after his conversion he was induced to employ his 
gifts in works of usefulness, and there are several in and around 
Belfast who remember with pleasure and thankfulness his labours 
as a local preacher. 

The Revs. John Hill and Robert Hamilton (2nd) were ap- 
pointed to the Tanderagee circuit, which had been reconstructed 
at the Conference. On his way to the head of the circuit, where 
a new chapel had been erected about twelve months, Mr. 
Hamilton was informed that there were in the town Jeremites 
and BowleyiteSf and on his arrival learned that the allusion was 



CHAPTER xvn. — 1836. 237 

to the two leading supporters of the Wesleyans and Primitives, 
Mr. Jeremiah Mains and Mr. James Bowley. There were many 
difficulties in connection with the rearrangement of the circuit, 
but Mr. Hill quietly and wisely surmounted them all. He also 
set to work correcting certain irregularities that had arisen, such 
as protracting country services until a late hour and drinking 
intoxicating beverages at funerals. And when many of the 
people were called upon to pass through troubles, from losses in 
trade and other causes, he preached on suitable themes, with 
power and blessing to those who heard. One sermon in parti- 
cular, on a lovefeast Sunday, from " I have been young, and now 
am old, yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed 
begging bread," made a deep and lasting impression on the 
congregation.* 

The Rev. Walter Oke Croggon having been appointed, by the 
British Conference, Superintendent of the Missions and Schools in 
Ireland, in autumn proceeded on a tour of inspection through 
Ulster, and reports, " I consider the missions, schools, and 
readers of great importance to this country. The diiSFerent 
agents pursue their work, but not without opposition, and that 
too from many quarters ; and though much has been done for 
Ireland, there is a field for greater work yet." In November 
and December Mr. Croggon visited the midland and southern 
counties, and writes, " In the south the Protestants are few 
compared with those in the north, but I thought it delightftd to 
find little groups of pious people in different parts of the country. 
If we had but free access to the people of Ireland, to preach the 
Gospel to them, I have no doubt that greater good would soon be 
done. But, alas ! the prohibitions of those who profess to have 
the spiritual charge of the greater part of the population forbid 
their attending our ministry ; and latterly these prohibitions are 
much increased, for the Eomish priests are more vigilant since 
controversy has been so pursued by the Protestants. Indeed, in 
most places we have no intercourse with the Boman Catholics as 
it regards religion. But our duty is to persevere and use all 
appointed means." t 

The Rev. William Cooke was appointed by the New Con- 

■ 

* IrUh EtangelUt, 1876, p. 67. 

f Wenleyan MethodiH Magazine^ 1%^!, VV^^^i^^*^- 



238 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

nexion Conference to Belfiast, as Superintendent of the Irish 
Missions. This was an unusual distinction for one in the tenth 
year of his ministry, but it was well deserved, as he had given 
proof of such rare powers of preaching and administration. Having 
visited the stations, and made himself acquainted by personal inspec- 
tion with the condition of the people, he reorganized the circuits. 
Quickened by the example of his piety and zeal, the missionaries 
devoted themselves to their arduous work with renewed fervour. 
As the immediate result of the adoption of a wiser policy and 
stricter discipline, there was a numerical decrease of members 
reported at the end of the year ; but confidence in the stability of 
the mission, which had been much shaken, was restored, scattered 
Societies were again gathered together, the languid were revived, 
and all began to work with the energy produced by the hope of 
brighter days. In Bangor, where the Rev. William M'Clure was 
stationed, Mr. Cooke says the cause was steadily advancing, 
and several judicious plans of usefulness were in operation which 
could not fail to give increasing efficiency to the Church of God. 
In the town there was a large and flourishing Sunday-school, and 
several surrounding villages were benefited by missionary exertions. 
Mr. Thomas Wilson was appointed by the Primitive Wesleyan 
Conference to the Kilkenny mission. In the city itself, about 
eight months previously, a house was secured at a yearly rent, 
and fitted up for religious services, but the cause was feeble; 
at Carlow the use of the Scotch church was obtained for 
Methodist meetings; and at Borris Mr. Wilson waited on 
Thomas Kavanagh, Esq., M.P., and was granted the court-house, 
which was well filled. Lady Harriet having taken much pains to 
have the service well announced. A month later the missionary 
writes, " I proceeded to Borris, and surely I can testify God 
was present in a very marvellous manner. I preached this 
morning in the house of a Member of Parliament who was bom 
a Roman Catholic, and in the place where mass was once 
celebrated Mr. Kavanagh and his noble lady both attended, as 
well as all his household and many people from the neighbouring 
village. I never before felt such liberty in delivering the Divine 
message. In the court-house in the evening I had also a large 
attendance.'' About two months subsequently Mr. Kavanagh 
died andj it is to be hoped, passed to the home above. 



CHAPTER XVII.— 1836. 239 

Early in 1833 a site was secured and money collected by Mr. 
Joseph M*Connick, for the erection of a new Primitive Wesleyan 
chapel in Boyle ; but the undertaking was not carried on with 
suflScient energy and enterprise, and thus the building remained 
long X)n hand. Now, however, under the superintendence of Mr. 
James Herbert, it was completed, and on August 14th opened by 
the Rev. Adam Averell, the new house not being capable of 
accommodating all who desired to be present. The services 
continued to be well attended, and Divine power accompanied the 
preaching of the word. 

Thomas C. Maguire had been employed during the previous 
year as an assistant missionary on the Newtownbutler circuit, 
and was now sent to Carrick-on-Shannon. He was bom at Trasna, 
near Tempo, where from earliest years he had been the subject of 
the gracious influences of the Spirit, to which when very young 
he yielded, and thus obtained a sense of sins forgiven. He then 
engaged heartily and successfully in Christian work. His situa- 
tion in his new sphere, especially at first, was peculiarly trying, 
having only two stopping-places, and being left to obtain others 
as best he could ; but nothing daunted, he started on his work of 
exploration in the midst of a moral wilderness. Sometimes, on 
entering a new place, he was hooted and cursed, and in other 
cases received with civility, but got neither food, nor shelter, nor 
encouragement. Once having spent a whole day in visiting, 
talking to, and praying with the people, he had to walk back to 
Mohill, nine miles, without refreshment. At length starting 
from Drumsna, and making his way with much labour, many 
privations, and not a little danger, he was enabled to open a 
number of new preaching-places where the people were in dark- 
ness and the shadow of death. At Ballinamuck — famous in Irish 
history — he was kindly received and entertained by the sergeant 
of police, who provided a room in the barrack for a service, and 
sent his men to protect the members of the congregation as they 
returned to their respective homes, this country being in such a 
very disturbed state. Two farmers' houses were also opened for 
the preaching of the word in this neighbourhood, and the people 
heard the truth gladly. But persecution soon arose. Seven of 
the cattle, a mare, and a foal were taken one night from the out- 
houses of one of these fisunilies, and cut ia i^\eic«&« T<cl^ ^ssrt^ssl 



240 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

was 80 reduced in circumstances by this loss that after waiting 
for about two years, he received a small compensation and 
emigrated to America. Openings were also secured in Ballinalee, 
Edgeworthstown, Carrickboy, Callow, and the neighbourhood of 
Ballymahon. The missionary met with great difficulties in these 
districts at first, so that his faith, patience, and perseverance were 
well tested ; but the Lord gave him such abundant blessing, and 
ultimately made his way so plain, that before December he had 
twenty-six monthly stopping-places, most of which remain to 
this day centres of light and blessing in the midst of ignorance, 
superstition, and sin. Not a few Romanists heard the word of 
life, sought earnestly the truth as it is in Jesus, and did not seek 
in vain. 

Mr. Maguire obtained a preaching-place not far from Boyle, 
and by extensive visiting raised a considerable congregation of 
people, who greatly needed religious instruction ; but persecution 
soon arose. A number of men who would now be called 
" Moonlighters " one night surrounded the house in which a 
widow and three children resided ; and the son — a lad of thirteen — 
when he saw the danger, bravely said, " Mother, if you load the 
two guns I will fire away, and try to put them to flight." She 
agreed, and thus their assailants were frightened and beat a hasty 
retreat. On the following morning it was discovered that an 
attempt had been made to set the house on fire, but had been 
frustrated by the courage of the boy. After a noble struggle, 
however, with the continued and unprovoked hostility of their 
Romanist neighbours, the family was compelled to emigrate to 
America. 

On this extensive mission there were many hardships and not 
a few marked instances of Divine guidance and protection. Thus 
on one occasion Mr. Maguire, having walked most of the way from 
Carrick-on-Shannon to Keenagh, about thirty miles, on his arrival 
found that one of the preachers was there, and would remain for 
the following Sabbath. He therefore called on a leader and 
inquired if he knew any place, within moderate distance, where 
he might do some evangelistic work, as he did not wish to be idle 
on the Lord's day. "Would you," replied the other, "like a 
walk of about ten miles ? " " Not very much if I could avoid it ; 
but if you think there is hope of doing good, I will try." The 



OHAPTBR XVII. — 1836. 241 

leader then drew on a paper a map of the road, and marked 
several places, saying, " The first of these is three miles distant, 
and if you can effect an entrance amongst the few Protestants 
there it will be well, for they have great need of the Gospel ; but 
if you don't succeed you must go on farther, and failing there, 
farther still." The missionary then proceeded on his journey, 
called at the first house marked, told his errand, and was met 
with contempt and ridicule. He then went on to number two, 
and was received with civility, but told that he could have no 
congregation there, as there were only a few Protestants, and 
they had some hay to stack. He next journeyed to number 
three, which he reached as the shades of night were falling, but 
the proprietor spoke very roughly, called him an impostor, and 
ordered him to be off at once, or he would make him suflFer. 
Wearied in body and sick at heart, the servant of God plodded 
on, and prayed earnestly for Divine direction. On reaching his 
destination he walked in, sat down, and asked the good woman of 
the house for a night's lodging. She replied, " We don't keep 
lodgers ; " then, after a pause, inquired, " Are you a Methodist 
preacher ? " and being informed that he was, cordially invited him 
to remain, and showed him the utmost hospitality. Overwhelmed 
with kindness, the missionary asked why she showed him such 
attention. "Sir," she said, *'in my early days the Methodist 
preachers visited my father's house, preached there, taught me 
hjrmns and Scripture, and I was warmly attached to them. But 
after I married, I settled in this barren place, where I did not see 
the face of a Christian these twelve years." Thus an opening for 
religious services was obtained in a benighted district, others also 
were soon afforded, the congregations increased, and much and 
lasting good was effected. 

Mr. John M*Ilroy was sent to the Banbridge mission, where 
his labours were much acknowledged in convincing and convert- 
ing power. On visiting Dromore, he was unable to obtain a 
house in which to preach, so he took his stand on the stocks, in 
the market-square, discoursed to two or three hundred persons, 
and such was the impression made that within three months a 
class of thirty-five members was formed. He then obtained 
the use of the market-house, and afterwards rented a house iu 
Gallows street. At Bathfiryland he aecuxed \Xi% c«va\AiSi^iafe^'NB^^ 

VOL, III, ^^ 



242 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

at Moira a school-house, thas gaining a footing for the Society in 
each of these towns. " On the whole," he says, " we have, through 
the Lord's blessing, succeeded during the past quarter in opening 
fifteen new preaching-places and forming five new classes, with 
upwards of one hundred members, besides an increase in those 
already in existence." * 

In Idsbum, at the close of 1835, the foundation-stone of a 
new Primitive Wesleyan chapel, with which a preacher's residence 
was to be connected, was laid by William Grregg, Esq. In 
February, 1836, it is recorded, " A commodious new preaching- 
house and residence are in a state of considerable forwardness. 
The site is very convenient and beautiful." And on October 3lBt 
Mr. John Buttle writes, "Our quarterly meetings have been 
graciously owned by God. In Lisbum our new house was nearly 
filled, and we had above thirty penitents, five of whom professed 
to have received the pardoning love of God. At Glenavy also 
the Lord poured out His Holy Spirit, and we had more than forty 
penitents, seeking redemption through the blood of the Lamb." f 

At Trillick, where a Wesleyan chapel had been erected in 
1834, a Primitive Wesleyan preaching-house was built this year. 
The services in connection with its opening took place on 
Sunday, December 18th, when three meetings were held. At 
ten o'clock the Rev. Adam Averell preached, at four o'clock Mr. 
John Milligan, and at seven Mr. Bobert Wilson. At each of 
these services the house was crowded, while in the afternoon 
several persons were unable to get admittance. Nearly all of the 
morning congregation went en masse to the church of Kilskeery, 
where the rector in his sermon expressed his gratification at the 
erection in the parish of the house that had that morning been 
dedicated to the service of God. { 

♦ Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine^ 1836, p. 471. 
t Ibid, pp. 162, 472. 
t Ihid, 1837, p. 79. 



CHAPTER XVIII- 

1837. 

Gideon Ouseley, in the midst of his labours, having been seized 
with violent ilkiess, was unable to resume his loved work for about 
two months. At length, on January 1st, 1837, he preached at 
Lucan, but was unable to do so again until Good Friday, when 
he occupied the pulpit of Whitefnar street chapel. During this 
interruption to his ordinary toil he was not idle, but wrote letters 
which were inserted in the Bvhlin Evening Packet^ and also one 
or two pamphlets. At length, after a trial trip of a week or so in 
Queen's County, he ventured on a journey in May to Enniskillen, 
where on the Sunday he preached once in the open air and 
twice in the chapel, in addition to attending the service in the 
Episcopal church. He had already passed his seventy-fifth year, 
but in sixteen days now spent in this part of the country he 
preached six-and-thirty times, of which eight were in markets 
and streets, and his own account is that he was '^nothing the 
worse, not even fatigued." Besides Irvinestown, he visited 
Pettigo and Ballyshannon. In the latter place he states that a 
Primitive Wesleyan preacher had been violently assailed while 
attempting to preach in the street, but that he himself was 
heard by an immense crowd, " as quietly as if they had been all 
our own people." In returning through Enniskillen he became 
ill again, took remedies, did not sleep, and in the morning feared 
that he would disappoint the people, who, according to announce- 
ment, expected him to preach three times. " However," he says, 
*' I rose from bed, bowed myself in humble prayer to my Lord, 
and laid the matter before Him. He heard me — adored be 
His name ; I was well at once, breakfeisted, preached at eleven, 
went to church, as has been my manner from the b«^^gkSx^x!Ck%^ 
and in doing so I found the Lord bleaaed ixi^ \ %\j«}&A \a Tsjaco::^ \s^ 



244 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the street, and in the evening preached, without either ilbiess 
or weakness, to a crowded chapel." He again discoursed to them 
next morning, and in the evening to the people of Lisbellaw.* 
Such were some of the marvellous labours of this grand old 
missionary. 

At Dunmanway the preachers were entertained by good old 
Mrs. Atkins t and her kind family, and had most gracious seasons 
at the services. But the chapel was a very awkward and incon- 
venient concern. It had been originally a cabin, about thirty 
feet in length and fifteen wide, and an addition- had been made 
to it so as to make it as broad as it was long, but it was even 
then too small for the congregation. So arrangements were 
made for the erection of a new and good chapel, in an excellent 
situation, and Messrs. John H. Atkins and William J. Norwood, 
especially, entered with great zeal and energy into the project. 
During the progress of the building, the Rev. Walter 0. Croggon 
visited the town, en route for Lisbealid, to inspect the school 
there, and says the parochial school-house was kindly lent him 
to preach in ; it was well filled, and they felt it good to be there. 
The opening services of the new chapel were conducted by the 
Revs. William Stewart, John F. Mathews, and James B. Gillman, 
and their discourses are said to have been " a rich Gospel treat." 
Mrs. Atkins rejoiced greatly at the numerous tokens of the 
prosperity of Methodism in the town compared with what 
had been its state fifty-four years previously, when she joined 
the Society, and referring to that event, said that having 
expressed to a friend her intention to become a Methodist, she 
was asked, " Do you know what it will cost you ? " she replied, 
" No ; what will it cost me ? " " You must give up all gay parties, 
balls, and the like." " And is that all ? " she answered ; " then, 
with God's help, I'll do that." And now, after the lapse of more 
than half a century, she thanked God for the choice she had 
made, and for seeing her children and her grandchildren aU 
heartily identified with the Society. Mr. Thomas Bryan, son- 
in-law of the Rev. Andrew Hamilton, sen., was one of the most 
worthy, active, and liberal friends of the Society. He had a 
brother-in-law, a Mr. Wood, who was also a hearty Methodist, 

• Arthur's Life of Ouseley, pp. 271-72, 
t Fife Vol i., p. 370. 



CHAPTER XVUL— 1837. 245 

and a man of immense strength, concerning whose powers 
numerous stories are told. 

At Kilrush, near Bandon, in the house of Captain Poole, there 
was a good society and congregation. It was believed that but 
for Methodism, Protestantism would have become extinct in 
this neighbourhood. When the Hon. and Bev. Charles Bernard, 
now Bishop of Tuam, was appointed curate of the parish the 
rector could tell him nothing about his parishioners, and to 
obtain any information he had to apply to Captain Poole and 
the parish priest ! 

The May district meeting of this year in Sligo was rendered 
memorable by the bringing forward of William Arthur as a 
candidate. He preached one evening, during the sittings of the 
district, with wonderful power. No doubt the sermon was open 
to criticism on some points, but none could think of that during 
its delivery. Many under it were convicted; one young man 
said he felt as if the flames of the pit were coming up about 
him. Mr. Arthur has since preached more eloquent sermons, but 
not one more remarkable for the demonstration of the Holy 
Spirit. He had been requested by the Rev. R. T. Tracy to 
supply for him for a fortnight on the Sligo circuit, and here 
his labours were so acceptable and so Divinely owned that he 
was induced to remain for about three months, his youthful 
appearance, earnest piety, burning zeal, and impassioned eloquence 
giving a unique attraction to his ministrations. He visited 
and laboured in town and country, and set them all aflame. 
Congregations were large wherever he preached, and many 
were brought to God. 

For nine years Belfast had three ministers in the active 
work stationed in the town. Those now appointed were the 
Revs. Thomas Waugh, Thomas T. N. Hull, and John B. 
Bennett, M.D. ; but Mr. Hull had left for France. However, 
there were but two Wesleyan chapels in use, those in Donegal 
square and Ballymacarret ; Fountain lane and Cotton court 
having been given up. A third Sunday place of worship was 
formed by two rooms in what was externally a private house 
in York street, nearly opposite the entrance from it to Frederick 
street, and the prospects here were such that it was deemed 
necessary to erect a new chapel in the iie\g^^\n\i<:yA« ^\>b^^ 



246 HI3T0BT OF METHODISM. 

consent of Conference having been obtained, inquiries were 
made about a site, and two or three of the leaders seeing a 
plot in Frederick street, at once secured it.*^ Many of the 
leading friends regarded the position and terms as most 
undesirable, and strongly opposed the project. Feeling ran high 
on the subject ; two parties were formed in the Society, the one 
consisting, amongst others, of Joseph Young, Samuel Hunter, 
and James Wilson, and the other of thej; Lindsays, William 
M'Connell, and Philip Johnston, and each considered themselves 
in the majority. When the subject came on? for discussion in 
the leaders' meeting or building committee, Mr. Waugh pro- 
posed that the minority should submit to the majority, and 
this was accepted. The vote was then taken, and the Frederick 
street site was adopted, evidently not on the. merits, but on the 
ground that the Society was in honour committed to it. 
Although it was years before the ill-feeling engendered by this 
dispute subsided, it must be admitted that few chapels in 
Ireland have been so honoured and blessed^of God in times of 
refreshing from the presence of the Lord as the building con- 
cerning which there was so much and such deep feeling. The 
opening services were conducted on Thursday, August 31st, 
when the Rev. Robert Newton discoursed on Psalm xxvi. 8 and 
Romans i. 16 ; and on the following Sunday, when the Rev. 
Theophilus Lessey was the preacher. The collections amounted 
to £210. Mr. Tackaberry says, " Mr. Newton was quite himself, 
and Mr. Lessey's sermons were magnificent specimens of pulpit 
eloquence and power." Mr. Reilly adds, "Mr. Lessey exceeded 
himself, as he does in general every one else, while he unfolded 
'There is One here greater than the temple.'" A Christian 
lady who was present writes, " Lessey was grand on the exalted 
Christ. Mr. Reilly sat in the pulpit behind him, covered his 
face with his handkerchief, and wept freely out of pure enjoy- 
ment." 

Mr. Alexander Stewart was now for a fourth time appointed by 
the Primitive Wesleyan Conference to Tanderagee. A preaching- 
house had been erected here in 1821, but the accommodation of 
this having become inadequate to the requirements of the congre- 
gation, an eligible site had been secured from the lord of the 
sail, and the erection of a new and larger chapel commenced on it. 



CHAPTBB XVHL — 1837. 247 

This building, which was considered as not excelled in neatness 
and convenience by any other edifice of the same kind in the 
kingdom, was opened for religious worship on Friday, April 14th, 
by the Rev. Adam Averell and Mr. Dawson D. Heather, and on 
the following Sunday by Messrs. MTann and Heather. The con- 
gregations were large, and the collections, which amounted to 
upwards of £90, were regarded as most encouraging, in view of the 
commercial depression and scarcity of money that prevailed. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Society sustained a serious loss in the 
death of Thomas R. Guest, Esq., J.P., who had in 1820 been con- 
verted to Grod in Cork, and for several years attended the Con- 
ference as a lay representative. He subsequently removed to 
Cardiff, and there identified himself heartily with the Wesleyan 
Methodists, proving himself to be a faithful leader and acceptable 
local preacher, yet also continuing a true friend and liberal sup- 
porter of Primitive Wesleyan Methodism in Ireland. He died in 
the triumph of faith. 

On June 28th the members of the Primitive Wesleyan Con- 
ference assembled in Dublin, and elected Mr. Alexander Stewart 
as their Secretary, an office which he held for this and the 
following year. Five candidates were admitted on trial. These 
included James Griffin of Dublin and Pierce Herbert of Moybane. 
Owing to extensive emigration, and to a few of the circuits not 
having been adequately supplied with preachers, there was reported 
a decrease in the membership of eight hundred and twenty-seven ; 
but notwithstanding this, it was considered that the work never 
was in a healthier or more promising state. A humble and 
respectful address to the Queen, expressive of attachment to her 
royal person, love for the British constitution, and appreciation of 
the talent, piety, and activity of the clergy of the Established 
Church, was adopted unanimously. 

The Wesleyan Conference was held in Cork, and commenced 
on June 30th, about seventy ministers being present. The Rev. 
Dr. Bunting presided, and he was accompanied by the Revs. 
Robert Newton, Robert Alder, Edward Frazer, an emancipated 
slave from the West Indies, and Shah-Wun-Dais, or John Sunday, 
a converted North American Indian. Several lay gentlemen 
attended the preparatory meetings, of which one of the most 
interesting and important was that of the MimcrckSbx^ ^\s£aihNXftfo^ 



248 HISTORY OF METHODISM, 

on account of the cheering reports presented from the diflferent 
stations on which the missionaries, schoolmasters, and Scripture- 
readers had been labouring. The first act of the Conference was 
the cordial adoption of an address of condolence to Her Majesty 
the Queen, on the death of her late royal uncle, and of congratu- 
lation on her accession to the throne. The Rev. Henry Deery was 
elected a member of the Legal Conference, in place of the Rev. 
Matthew Tobias, superannuated. Two supernumerary preachers 
were reported as having died during the year — William Armstrong, 
sen., and Castor Clements, The latter having purposed to remove 
with his family to America, sailed from Liverpool, the vessel was 
wrecked, and all on board perished. Six candidates were received 
on trial. These included David Robinson of the Bally shannon 
and Pettigo circuit, James Donald, and Robert J. Meyer. John 
H. Atkins, William J. Norwood, and William Arthur were put 
down as the first in Ireland to reap the benefits of the new Institu- 
tion, The President, however, said with reference to Mr. Arthur, 
" I wish you would give us that young man for India," and Mr. 
Waugh replied at once, " Then we make you a present of him for 
India." This was a noble gift. Ireland to a certain extent lost 
•one of her most devoted and brilliant sons ; but it was a gain to 
the Christian Church and the cause of God throughout the world. 
At the previous British Conference a discussion had taken place 
on the ordination of ministers by the imposition of hands, during 
which Mr. Waugh stated that the Irish Conference intended to 
adopt the practice, and if their English brethren delayed to act, 
the Irish would in this instance secure the precedence. Accord- 
ingly, it was now cordially and unanimously resolved that "in 
future, imposition of hands be added to our usual method of 
receiving preachers into full connexion," and James Murdock, 
Thomas Beamish, and John Foster were thus solemnly set apart 
to the full work of the ministry. The service was conducted by 
Mr. Newton, Dr. Bunting having previously left for England. 

In the Address to the British Conference it is said, " With 
us the past year has been peculiarly marked by afflictions of 
various kinds. Unprecedented depression in trade and general 
commercial embarrassments have produced painful and distressing 
pecuniary results to many families and individuals. The unusual 
severity of the winter season, combined with the awful prevalence 



.CHAPTER XVIII. — 1837, 249 

of disease and death, for a length of time greatly diminished the 
attendance at all our religious services ; and the mortality among 
the members of our Society has been greater than even during the 
cholera. The still prevailing political and religious contentions, 
which have so long disturbed and afflicted our population, have 
kept up the spirit of emigration, whereby thousands of our 
Protestant countrymen have been led to remove, with their 
&milies, in search of an asylum in foreign lands ; and amongst 
these emigrants we have to reckon six hundred and ninety-two of 
our Connexion, some of whom were, in their respective localities, 
the most active, influential, and useful agents of our Society. It 
may be hoped that they are gone to augment and advance the 
interests of the Christian cause in other parts of the world ; yet 
we are not without our fears that our losses are more than their 
gains. Under these untoward circumstances, it will not be 
thought strange, although to us it is matter of deep humiliation 
and sorrow, that we have sufiered a diminution of our numbers to 
the amount of four hundred and twelve below the return of last 
year. This declension, however, has taken place on a very few 
circuits, while on others we have been favoured with a considerable 
accession. Taking the number of emigrants into account, there 
appears an increase of two hundred and eighty over and above 
those who supply the vacancies occasioned by other causes. 
Besides, there are other considerations which bear a cheering 
aspect connected with our general interests in this country. The 
generosity of the members and friends of the Society, in their 
contributions to our several funds, has not declined, the lives of 
all the brethren employed in our regular itinerancy have been 
graciously preserved, and we have had eleven young men strongly 
recommended by their district committees as candidates for our 
ministry, and approved by the Conference, six of whom have been 
appointed to circuits, and five placed on the list of reserve. On a 
review of the whole, notwithstanding the disadvantages which we 
experience, we have much cause of thankfulness, and find ground 
of encouragement and hope for more abundant blessings on our 
labours in the ensuing year." 

The religious services held as usual during the time of Confer- 
ence were well attended, and it was felt both by the preachers 
and congregations that a Divine influeiiee x^i^ft^L \£^\i *(^^fSL. 



250 HISTOKT OF METHODISM. 

The Rev. Robert Alder preached on the evening of the first day 
of the Conference, and the Bevs. Dr. Bunting and Robert 
Newton on the following Sabbath. An evening was devoted to a 
missionary meeting in reference more particularly to the erection 
of school-houses in the West Indies ; the Rev. Edward Frazer 
gave a very interesting account of the progress of religious educa- 
tion among the recently enslaved population, and at the close a 
liberal collection was made. The simple, unaffected, and touching 
address of John Sunday was also listened to, by a large congrega- 
tion, with great attention and interest. Amongst the rest, the 
account he gave of his conversion made a deep impression. He 
said, " Wandered in woods till twenty-nine years of age. Suffer 
much — no peace, no happy, no comfort there. Twelve years ago 
take fire-water. Big ; oh, very big ! In the morning very small. 
Well, man said two Indians could tell me everything of God, who 
made everything. So went away to where the Indians were who 
tell about God, and say me will no more go home till hear about 
God. Thought white people and Indians go different places, 
because different languages. Peter Jones say, ^ One God made 
everything. Only two ways we go when die. One way for 
Indians and white people. Broad way lead to hell. There all 
bad people go. Narrow way where all good people go. If white 
man drunk and bad, go in broad way, he go to hell. If white 
man good, and go in narrow way, he go to where God is. If 
Indian be drunk and bad, go in broad way, he go to hell. If 
Indian good, and go in narrow way, he go where God is.' Now 
this word came to my heart. Gospel make me very small. Saw 
fine warriors lie dead ; look at them and not cry. But when hear 
Gospel me cry, cry like old woman. Put down head, shame 
look round, because me cry. Great sinner in broad way. Indians 
said me not mind, they not mind what Peter say. Me get more 
fire-water ; but me say won't do for me. So go to wigwam, and 
think about these two ways all day long. All laugh at me, but 
me don't care. Went every morning in the woods to pray. 
Went to Indians, and tell them about these two ways. Some like 
it, others not like it. Drink no fire-water then. Great trouble 
all the time. Not know what do. No one tell me. Went to 
Indian and say, Tell Peter Jones come down again. Missionary 
preach in the evening, and say, ^ If any here great sinner, and 



CHAPTEB xvm. — 1837. 5^51 

turn from wicked ways, God will have mercy on that man.' 
This great ease my mind. 'Bout a week again, lovefeast in bam. 
Put bread on plate, bowl water ; take piece, but not swallow down, 
80 great sinner. Morning went to meeting. Peter say, ^lift 
up heart to God ; * but thought how can me lift heart to God ? 
Take it out. Lift right out. Then me die. But do anything 
to get peace. Me cry, * Lord, have mercy on me,' and cry, 
and God pour His Spirit on me. People not see it, but me feel 
it. Shout like a York. Yorkshireman in England shout and clap 
hands. Me shout and clap hands. Think me very light. Could 
run very fast. First bom in woods forty-one years ago. Second 
bom twelve years ago — bom twice. Make me very happy. Seem 
everything new. Look at bay, look at trees, look at sky — all new, 
all glad. People ask me where Indian dress. Had cloth here, 
tomahawk, feathers, but what use old cloth and old feathers? 
Fire-water gone, wigwam gone — old things passed away, all things 
become new." 

On the Sunday after the Conference closed, the Rev. Bobert 
Newton preached the anniversary sermon in Abbey street chapel, 
Dublin ; and on the following day the annual meeting of the 
Hibernian Wesleyan Missionary Society was held in the large 
room of the Rotundo, which was crowded. The chair was taken 
by Sergeant Jackson, who, at the close of John Sunday's address, 
said, " I never was so edified, and never saw such proof of the 
power of the Gospel as I have to-day, in listening to the 
statements of him whom I will take the liberty of calling my 
brother," and stepping forward, took the hand of the Indian 
chief, shook it warmly, and expressed his great gratification in 
meeting him as a Christian minister and brother. The effect 
was thrilling, and never could be forgotten by those who were 
present. 

Shortly after the meeting of the New Connexion Conference 
in England, the Missionary Committee decided on extending its 
operations to Dublin, and appointed Mr. M'Clure to carry out 
this arrangement. In this new field he was unable to find one 
of his father's old friends, and found considerable difficulty in 
securing a suitable place for religious services, but at length got 
a place in Aungier street, which had accommodation for about 
two hundred persons. This was opened o\i ^^e^^^tcJ^^x '^x^^ "ws^^ 



252 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

soon a small Society was formed. Mr. M'Clure entered heartUy 
into Temperance work in the metropolis. On August 30th a 
great aoirSe was held in the Eotundo, which was densely filled. 
Lord Cloncurry took the chair, and gave a good opening address ; 
but the speech of the evening was delivered by the Rev. 
William Cooke. 

As the Rev. Jeremiah Wilson returned from Conference, he 
called at Moira, was requested to preach, and did so. Next 
morning, as he was about to leave, the minister in charge called 
to see him, and said, " You cannot go to-day ; two or three persons 
have been led to inquire what they must do to be saved, and 
one of them has an impression that if you stay for to-night she 
will obtain peace." According to her faith it was done unto 
her. Mr. Wilson remained in the town for four or five days, 
preaching each night, and during that time forty persons 
professed to have received the saving 'grace of Christ. One of 
these was a backslider who had fallen through drink, and another 
subsequently became a minister of the Methodist New Connexion.* 
Dr. Lynn happened to come to the neighbourhood, and rendered 
valuable aid at these services. 

The Revs. William Reilly, Fossey Tackaberry, and GHeorge 
Grant were stationed in Belfast, and seldom, if ever, has an 
appointment to that town been more acknowledged and blessed 
of God. Concerning Mr. Reilly we have already written. Mr. 
Tackaberry was a bom evangelist. Although his expositions of 
Divine truth were sound and thoughtful, his chief strength lay 
in moving the passions and grappling with the conscience, so 
that his appeals were often attended with extraordinary eflfect. 
Warm, impulsive, and never losing sight of his great aim, few 
heard him, especially for the first time, without being deeply 
aifecteid. One of the severest critics amongst his hearers said, 
" It was hard to see the faults of his sermons, for one's eyes were 
blinded with tears." He lived near to God, being pre-eminently 
a man of prayer, and one who received many marked answers, 
in the literal sense of the word — intimations or intuitions, by 
which he was made aware of the result. Thus a young gentleman 
in the town laboured under a disease which had assumed 
symptoms usually considered fatal, and four surgeons had shaken 

* Lynn'B Methodism oa the Annagh Circuit, p. 208. 



CHAPTER XVIII. — 1837. 253 

their heads, to indicate the case hopeless. A friend asked Mr. 
Tackaberry to visit him, she being anxious about his fitness 
for approaching death ; and as soon as possible after the visit 
had been paid, called to inquire what opinion the minister had 
formed about the spiritual state of the invalid. But Mr. 
Tackaberry began to tell how much he had been struck with 
him, that he had seldom met such an interesting young man, 
and that he could not think he was going to die. "Why?" 
inquired the lady. " Well, dear," he replied, " perhaps I thought 
he would live because I wished it." Then with great energy he 
added, " I couldn't let him die." The young man afterwards 
stated that Mr. Tackaberry had been the first to give him either 
the hope or the wish to live, and that when he rose from prayer 
he took his hand and said, " I think you will outlive the doctors 
yet." It is a remarkable fact that not only did he recover and 
live for several years, but that the four surgeons all died before 
him. Mr. Tackaberry never appeared to greater advantage than 
when he preached in the open air. There he stood, of a noble, 
commanding appearance, with fine, bold forehead, raven locks, 
large black eyes, a countenance radiant with the light of the 
sanctuary, and a soul "pregnant with celestial fire," while 
thrilling appeals sounded from his lips, piercing the hearts of 
sinners, as he besought them to be reconciled to Grod. 

Mr. Grant was " a simple-minded, pure-hearted, lively, loving, 
happy spirit," distinguished for deep spirituality, disinterestedness, 
and intense devotion to God and His work. His sermons were 
solid and clear expositions of Scripture truth, and the composition 
indicated his superior taste and classical attainments, while he 
continually endeavoured to lead to his Saviour " the sheep for 
whom their Shepherd died." 

Mr. Tackaberry thus describes the state of the circuit soon 
after his airival : " We have here sixty-seven classes, containing 
more than nine hundred members, and a great many outposts. 
The circuit horse was sold in June, and my oak-stick is likely 
all the substitute we shall have. This gives us a great deal of 
wearing labour. One week in three is called the town, another 
the vicinity, and the third the country week. This is my vicinity 
week ; and last evening I went more than three miles, preached 
to six people, and then had the comJort ol ^^)S«Mi% \^sstsi^. 



254 H18T0BT OF MBTHODISH. 

mnst not complain, for Mr. Reilly and Mr. Grant do the same. 
We have a good, not a rich Society. Several of the leaders are 
right hearty men and right hearty revivalists. On Sunday we 
had a field-meeting, half a mile out of town, and about sixteen 
hundred were present. Our people ardently hope for a revival, 
and the leaders are pushing us with both hands. We have 
penitent meetings in the different chapels, and I think we shall 
have a burst." A month later he writes, " Everywhere I turn I 
find our people hope for a revival. This is encouraging ; for when 
looked for, it is always prayed for and expected. Indeed, we have 
the commencement of it already. Our Society is in a good state, 
and would have been better but for the discussions occasioned by 
the building of Frederick street chapel." 

The Revs. Henry Price and Robinson Scott were appointed for 
a second year to the Londonderry circuit, where a remarkable 
religious awakening took place. The servants of God saw that 
they had no common difficulties to contend with on their sphere 
of labour; but believing that the most effectual way to heal 
offences, to promote peace and concord, and to secure prosperity 
in every department of the work was to obtain an effusion of 
the Holy Spirit, and that such a copious visitation would be 
vouchsafed in answer to earnest and believing prayer, they set 
apart one day in each week for fasting and prayer to obtain 
the promised blessing. Nor were they disappointed, as the 
droppings of a shower soon began to descend, and sinners were 
awakened and converted under the word preached. When the 
ministers had been engaged in their exercises for some weeks 
the leaders joined them, and then their prayers were even more 
signally answered. On one occasion, as Mr. Scott preached in the 
country, the Holy Ghost fell on the people present, the cries of 
penitents arose, and at that meeting fourteen professed to 
have obtained the pardoning mercy of God. The work spread 
rapidly over the entire circuit. At the September lovefeast in 
Londonderry Mr. Price related what the Lord had been doing on 
the country part of the circuit, and inquired what there was to 
prevent a similar work in the city, inviting any who felt their 
need of salvation to manifest their desire by kneeling at the 
communion rails. One after another responded to the invitation, 
and thus a work began which contmued fot «e\eu months^ and was 



CHAPTBB xvm. — 1837. 255 

BO wide-spread that on one occasion there were no less than three 
hundred penitents pleading for Heaven's mercy. One feature in 
connection with this blessed work deserves special notice — the 
awakenings and conversions in general took place through the 
ministry of the word, the Divinely appointed instrument for the 
conversion of the world, and, as might be expected, those thus 
brought to Grod were steadfast and immovable, none of the con- 
verts having been known to return to the world and folly. The 
membership was increased from two hundred and seventy-five 
to four hundred. 

The Bevs. James Lynch and Bobert J. Meyer were stationed on 
the Ballyshannon and Pettigo circuit, where they were favoured 
with much spiritual prosperity. The young preacher was received 
by his superintendent with great affection, assured of the many 
prayers that had been offered on his behalf, and given suitable 
directions with regard to his work. The congregations to which 
he ministered, although in general consisting of poor people, were 
large and earnest. Many of the young people, having to cross 
broad and rapid streams, came without shoes or stockings, but 
with long poles to assist them in fording the rivers. In all the 
farm-houses trumpets or cows' horns were used to call the people 
together, and when leaving on the dark nights each family group 
lit a piece of bog-wood or lump of turf, that was held aloft to give 
them light. Methodism had a good position in Pettigo, and 
included amongst its supporters Mr. George Smyth, sen., a 
Christian gentleman of superior intelligence and integrity. 
Mrs. Smyth was '* a mother in Israel." Their three sons, who were 
married and in business for themselves, not only inherited the 
noble generosity of their parents, but added thereto their personal 
choice — " Thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God." 
Pettigo, however, soon became too strait for the superior ability 
and increasing claims of these brothers, so two of them removed 
to Belfast, and were there heartily identified with the Society. In 
Pettigo there were also the M'Creas and M'Cutcheons — standard- 
bearers in the Methodist host. On the quarterly lovefeast day 
large contingents came in from the surrounding country, and 
it was surely " a holy convocation." Such leaders as Matthew 
Kyle, James Stewart, and Jack Funston, with others, were mftxv <s?. 
great ability and deep and fervent piety • Tyafoi^ ^^ ^^"^ '^'^ 



256 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

old preachiDg-house was pulled down and a new one erected on 
the site, the services meanwhile being held in a large bam of Mr. 
Smyth's, where the old pulpit and seats were turned to good 
account. This humble sanctuary became the birthplace of many 
souls, memorably so on one lovefeast occasion. Numbers were 
led to cry for mercy and to rejoice in the liberty wherewith Christ 
maketh free.* The new chapel was opened by the Kev. Thomas 
W. DooUttle. 

It was at this period that the mind of Joseph W. M'Kay was 
directed to the work of the ministry, and his career of public 
usefulness began. Carrickmacross was not an inviting sphere 
for a young man anxious to enter on Christian work. In the 
barony of Famey there was little Protestantism, and the Method- 
ists were few and uninfluential ; but he was not deterred by 
these circumstances. The Eevs. Henrj^ Deery and James Tobias 
were then on the Drogheda circuit, and visited the town. From 
the latter M^Kay received appointment and certificate as a local 
preacher; and when afterwards conducting business for the sub- 
agent of the Shirley estate, he employed his Sundays in the 
town and neighbourhood, preaching and holding meetings in 
school-houses and private residences, and in the court-house, to 
which he had free access. Those who attended his occasional 
services in the neighbourhood were impressed by the earnestness 
and ability of the young preacher, then only in the nineteenth 
year of his age. At the request of a number of Scotchmen, who 
were employed in the erection of Loughfea Castle, and some 
other Presbyterians belonging to the old congregation at Carrick- 
maclim (then without a minister), he went regularly two miles 
every Sabbath to preach to them at noon ; and when he left the 
neighbourhood they presented him with a copy of Clarke's Com- 
mentary, as a mark of their fraternal regard and esteem for 
his character and ardent endeavours to promote their spiritual 
interests. 

The young man appointed to the Dundalk and Castleblayney 
circuit having yielded to discouragement, and resolved to return 
home, the aged and devoted William Hamilton wrote to him as 
follows : " My dear Brother, — Last night I heard that you have 
thought of grounding your arms. That is to me a good sign. 

^ Irish EvangeliMt, \^^2, ^. H^. 



CHAPTBB xvin. — 1837. 257 

The devil is afraid of you, and wishes you to go home. If you 
would, all the devils in hell would set up a shout and say, ' See 
how we chased him off his station.' Forbid it, Lord ! My first 
circuit was Brookeborough. I had not gone twice round till I met 
the devil, who told me (what was very true) that I was a weak 
and useless creature, and that it was a shame to impose upon the 
people by sending such a novice among them. I believed all 
he said, and off I ran, till I was half-way home, and met a good 
woman, who asked me where I was going. I told her. She said 
it was the devil who was hunting me, and turned me back to 
the work, saying it was like what the devil would do. When 
William Douglas came to me in Sligo he took the same disorder, 
began to cry one day, said he was not fit for the work, and 
should go home. I thought of the Brookeborough devil, hooted 
him out of it, dried up the young man's i^ars, encouraged him, 
and he has done very well ever since. Tis a shame to be cowardly. 
Take courage, and draw your sword like a man, be it long or 
short, sharp or blunt, and make a flourish, as if you were not 
afraid, and you'll frighten the fiend to his own hell. If all the 
preachers in the Connexion would look at themselves more than 
at their Helper, we might all go home. — William Hamilton, an 
old soldier, to Brother Baskin, a young recruit." * 

From Sunday morning, August 27th, until Thursday, Sep- 
tember 21st, Gideon Ouseley says he was enabled to preach 
fifty-four times in and out of doors. At Mountmellick, during a 
short visit, he preached seven times, and writes that he had not 
had so blessed a season for a long time. Between thirty and 
forty persons came forward to the rails, and with tears gave in 
their names to meet in class. At Soscrea his fidends were 
terrified when he resolved to take the street, and they did not 
accompany him, yet he went and preached, and returned in safety. 
Borrisokane he found much altered by the hand of death. In 
October he declares he is safe and well, except a wound from the 
kick of a horse, as he passed through Maryborough. Though it waa 
painful, it did not hinder him persevering in his work, as he 
continued to preach in and out of doors as usuaL In the following 
month he tells how a pressing invitation from the Tullamor& 
preachers, Messrs. Crook and Gather, had brought him a^vcL ^ 

* IrUh BwtngelUty 1^70, p. ^1 . 
VOL, lu, VI 



258 HISTOBY OF METHODISM. 

Mountmellick, where he rejoiced in the prosperity of the work. 
Here he preached on Sunday morning, December 24th, and in 
the course of his sermon gave an account of his religious ex- 
perience, which made a profound impression on the mind of a 
young Scotchman, John Hay, who was present and brought 
under deep and protracted distress about his soul. 

The Eev. Adam Averell was engaged chiefly in excursions to 
several parts of the north, in arranging which he was guided 
by calls to open new preaching-houses. On August 13th he 
opened one at Killyleagh; on September 17th, one at Derry- 
gonnelly ; and on October 8th, one at Emy vale. Methodism was 
first introduced into Derrygonnelly by Mr. Adam Forde, who was 
then a local preacher in the neighbourhood, and obtained from 
the Messrs. Kitson the use of a mill, in which the people assembled 
to hear the word of li|e. Shortly after 1817, when Mr. Forde 
entered the itinerancy, a preaching-house with a thatched roof 
was erected. Plain and humble as this building was, himdreds 
were bom of God within its walls, and multitudes could say that 
it was to them " the house of God and the gate of heaven." In 
1835 this house was burned, whether by accident or through 
malice could never be ascertained, but there were strong suspicions 
of the latter. The use of the market-house was then kindly 
granted to the congregation, another site secured, and the above 
substantial house built. 

Mr. Thomas C. Maguire was appointed to Turlough, which 
embraced a wide field, including Foxford, Cappavicar, Rahans, 
Newport, Knappagh, and Westport, with occasional visits to 
Ballina and Killala. In several of these places there were 
encouraging congregations and times of refireshing from the 
presence of the Lord. In one place there was a wonderful move- 
ment amongst the Romanists. They attended in hundreds, week 
after week, to hear the word preached, and numbers gladly received 
the truth, obtained copies of the Scriptures, and believed with 
a heart unto righteousness. But persecution arose, and they were 
obliged, in self-protection, to leave for America. One Sunday 
evening, as Mr. Maguire rode to a preaching appointment, a large 
number of men who were playing foot-ball blocked the road to 
jE>revent his proceeding on his journey. He spoke kindly to them, 
but tbey, instead of allowing him to pa;a« on^ ^ang a song called 



CHAPTER xvin.— 1837. 259 

" The Swaddler," giving a caricature of a Methodist preacher. 
^Mien they had done the missionary said, " Now, boys, you have 
done that well. Tell me who commenced it, that I may give him 
a book as a reward for it." When they declined to give any 
name he offered a tract to each of them, which some of them 
took, all quietly dispersed, and the servant of God received no 
more annoyance in that quarter. An old woman who attended 
the Methodist services having died, and Mr. Maguire knowing 
that there would be a large concourse of people at her wake, 
asked permission to preach there, but this the relatives were 
afraid to grant, so he resolved to attend on his own responsibility, 
and see what, with the Divine blessing, he could do. The 
house was crowded, vile songs were sung, and games were played, 
not a few of which were a disgrace to humanity. At length the 
missionary asked permission to sing. " Yes, to be sure," replied 
several voices ; " why not ? " So he sang the hymn begiiming, 
" The King of kings a warrant sealed." The people listened to the 
thirteen verses attentively, and then loudly applauded. A second, 
and then a third hymn were also well received. As it was by this 
time twelve o'clock, and a Saturday night, Mr. Maguire said, " My 
dear friends, you have been amusing yourselves for a good while. 
It is now Sunday morning. We are here in the presence of death, 
and as we all must die, let us be a little more serious." Then 
taking out his Bible, he added, " I shall read a nice story for you," 
and selected the visit of the angel to the Virgin Mary. They 
listened with wonder and delight to the narrative and its exposition, 
many a sigh was heard, and not a few wept freely. The servant 
of God then closed with prayer, and left amidst the thanks and 
good wishes of his hearers. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

1838. 

The Rev. Adam Averell writes, on January 11th, 1838, "We are 
blessed with revivals in many places. I heard a few days ago that 
there have been at least two hundred persons converted to God on 
the Enniskillen circuit since the Conference ; and I had a letter this 
day from Newry, pressing me to go to a missionary meeting there, 
to witness a blessed revival of the work of God in that town." In 
the former religious awakening the Wesleyan Methodists appear 
to have shared to some extent as well as the Primitive Wesleyans. 
Amongst those converted at this period in Enniskillen were Robert 
Johnson of Currin and Robert Johnston of Ardbarren, who each 
subsequently entered the itinerancy. 

On January 12th a public breakfast-meeting of the members 
and friends of the Wesleyan Society was held in the school-room, 
Watergate place, Bandon. One hundred and twenty-five persons 
were present, the Rev. Thomas Waugh presided, and the spiritual 
and financial state of the cause was considered. This was appa- 
rently the first public breakfast in the town. A little circumstance 
at this period led to funeral services in Bandon being conducted 
by Methodist ministers. A daughter of Mrs. William Kingston 
having died, and notice of the interment having been given to 
the rector of Kilbrogan, the friends who attended the funeral 
were kept waiting in the church for about half an hour, without 
any clergyman putting in an appearance. At length it was 
proposed that Mr. Waugh, who was present, should read the usual 
prayers, and he at once consented. The rector subsequently 
called on Mrs. Kingston and apologized for his forgetfulness ; but 
she said she was glad that the Methodist minister had conducted 
the service, and that it was the way in which she would be buried. 
At Kilkenny a chapel was erected chiefly through the Divine 



CHAPTBR XIX. — 1838. 261 

blessing on the persevering efforts of the Rev. James Sullivan, 
The first preaching-house in this city, built in 1771, was super- 
seded in 1802 by another in William street, and that now by one 
still larger and more comfortable in Wesley place. The history 
of this edifice is remarkable, showing that the Society in Kil- 
kenny had other unfiriendly influences to contend with than mob 
violence. In March, 1836, the Rev. William Stewart writes, "I 
am greatly puzzled about the Kilkenny business, but cannot 
dismiss the idea of giving up the ground. It is very discouraging, 
I admit, and we must work in faith. But if something beyond 
what can be done on the mission to which it is attached be not 
allowed, it is a hopeless case. Fifty pounds is as much as we 
could hope to raise on the mission, and if I had liberty, perhaps I 
could muster one hundred pounds, which would still leave us far 
behind." Three months later the Rev. Peter Roe, rector of the 
parish, applied to the Conference to sell to him the plot of ground 
which had been secured as a site for the new chapel, promising to 
try and secure another site equally eligible. When, however, Mr. 
Sullivan requested to see what was proposed to be given in exchange, 
Mr. Roe took him to a street in Irishtown, in which cast-off clothes 
and the like were exposed for sale, and pointing to a vacant place, 
said, " There is a quiet, retired situation in which to build." Mr. 
Sullivan, regarding this as an attempt to buy the Methodists out 
of the parish, declined the offer, proceeded with the chapel, and 
added a comfortable manse. 

The leave of Conference having been obtained for its erection, 
on Sunday, May 13th, a neat and commodious Methodist chapel 
was opened at Drumkeeran by the Rev. Thomas W. Doolittle. He 
is said to have preached two appropriate and impressive sermons, 
to large and highly appreciative audiences. 

All parts of the Ballyshannon and Pettigo circuit shared in 
a very gracious revival. At Carricknahoma, especially, many 
witnesses were raised up to testify that the Son of man has power 
on earth to forgive sins. The last lovefeast on the circuit, for the 
year, held at Ballintra, was attended by a large number of people, 
and the Rev. James Lynch preached a sermon rich in Evangelical 
truth, accompanied with the power of the Holy Spirit. The glory 
of God filled the place, while more than twenty persons professed 
to have obtained peace in believing. On^ ^xV^V>tfa. ^soL^J^sass^ 



262 BISTORT OF METHODISM. 

angelic countenance, stood up, lifted her hands and ezclaimed, 
"0 Lamb of God, was ever pain, was ever love like Thine?" 
Then a young woman who had just been enabled to rest on the 
Saviour cried out, " Where is my^mother ? where is my mother?** 
and soon mother and daughter rejoiced together as they that 
divide the spoil.* Thus witness after witness of the power of 
Christ to save was raised up. 

The missionary anniversary services were invested with un- 
wonted interest. The Eevs. Barnabas Shaw and John Anderson 
were the deputation to the south. Mr. Shaw's details with 
reference to South Africa and its missions were intensely in- 
teresting, while the eloquent addresses of his brother deputation 
were also listened to with great delight. 

The Bev. James Dixon was appointed to the north. This was 
his first visit to Ireland, and he made a deep and powerful 
impression in Belfast, Portadown, Lurgan, and other places, where 
his speeches are still spoken of by some of the older members. 
He seems to have been surprised at the general absence of 
apparent feeling among so excitable a people as the Irish are 
reported to be. " They listen," he says, " with profound attention, 
but manifest little or no emotion. I shall return full of 
admiration of the Irish character. I believe a better set of men 
does not exist on earth than the Irish Methodist preachers." 
Although he was in the most Protestant part of the kingdom, 
he saw clearly the influence of Popery, and therefore writes 
concerning it, " It hangs like a millstone on the neck of the 
poor people, and is, I should think, the most unmitigated system 
of oppression, tyranny, and evil that ever existed in the world." 

A gracious wave of revival blessing passed over the Lisleen 
end of what was then the Strabane circuit. The Kevs. Michael 
Burrows and Robert Hamilton 1st were the circuit ministers, 
and they were ably assisted by a devoted band of leaders and 
local preachers. Night after night, weeping penitents sought 
and found the Saviour, the June lovefeast at Lisleen being 
especially notable for the sense of the presence and power of God 
which rested on the people. Amongst those converted were 
several members of the family of the Rev. William Finlay, then 
stationed at Killashandra. One of his daughters, in writing to 

♦ Ifiih EtangelUt, Uft2, p. %4a. " 



CHAPTER XIX. — 1838. 263 

him, describes the religious awakening which she had both wit^ 
nessed and experienced, and mentions the names of at least thirty 
persons who had been brought to a saving knowledge of the truth. 
" But," she adds, " what is best for you to know is that my dear 
sister Kosanna, my brother Samuel, and I have found peace with 
God." These two interesting and promising sisters, however, 
within a little more than three years, passed in holy triumph to 
the home above. 

While thus the Wesleyan Methodists in this neighbourhood 
were refreshed from on high, the Primitive Wesleyans were 
not left " unwatered and dry." Their preachers were Messrs. 
William Beatty and John G. Wakeham, and they were well 
sustained by the leaders. The first indication of a good work 
amongst them was during a service at Ardbarren ; but still more 
abundant blessings were poured out on the following day, at a 
lovefeast at Aghnahoo. Amongst those then led to religious 
decision were John Johnston of Ardbarren and Mrs. Sproule of 
Castlederg. The good work spread until there were eighty 
members in the Aghnahoo class, and sixty in those at Castlederg 
and Ardbarren. 

Miss Lutton, who had recently settled in England, paid a visit 
to Ireland, and during the few weeks of her stay partially renewed 
her evangelistic labours. One of the places in which she held 
meetings was Tullamore, where the Rev. William Gather, as he had 
done ten years previously in Omagh, acted as doorkeeper ; but as 
the chapel was so situated that persons outside could hear almost 
as well as those inside, he did not prevent several of his own 
sex from availing themselves of this, to them, rare opportunity. 
A gracious revival subsequently took place in the town, to which 
he considered Miss Lutton's labours had contributed much. The 
gentlemen, however, were not so successful at a meeting which she 
held in the neighbourhood of Moira. During the first part of 
the service a noise was heard, which it appeared afterwards was 
made, as she herself says, by " three Methodist villains, young men, 
in the very act of stealing all they could of the prayer, and from 
care to elude detection, evidently intended to purloin what was to 
follow." But the young gentleman on guard discovered them, 
and ordered them out. In vain they coaxed and pleaded to he 
allowed to remain^ for out they had to go. 



264 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

Mr. William M'Connell of Belfest had intended to give a 
subscription towards the erection of a chapel on the north side of 
the town, but not approving of the site selected, he applied the 
money to the building of a preaching-house on the south side, 
at what was called the Lisbum turnpike, but is now known as 
Wesley place. It was opened by the Rev. Fossey Tackaberry on 
May 27th, and although it afforded accommodation for only two or 
three hundred persons, about four hundred squeezed into it, while 
nearly as many more stood outside, to whom one of the local 
preachers ministered. For this generous gift, which cost £450, 
Mr. M'Connell subsequently received the thanks of the Con- 
ference. This was the eighth Methodist chapel erected in BelfSeist. 

Of the missions of the New Connexion, the Rev. William 
Cooke writes that the prospects were exceedingly bright. There 
was an increase of more than three hundred members, besides 
jnany on trial. A spirit of peace, increasing piety, and zeal cha- 
racterized both ministers and members, and numerous places 
^called for help that could not be attended to. Soon afterwards 
.an excellent chapel was erected in York street, Belfast, and was 
opened by two ministers from England, the collections amounting 
to £60. This sum was supplemented subsequently by the proceeds 
of a bazaar — apparently the first attempt in Ireland to raise money 
for religious purposes in this way, but it was not successful. 

During the six years which had now elapsed since the intro- 
duction of Primitive Methodism into Ireland, several excellent 
brethren, including Messrs. William Bickerdike and Philip Pugh, 
had laboured hard on their respective missions, and endured 
severe privations and hardships through the poverty of their 
people ; and though much good was effected through the Divine 
blessing on their self-denying toil, the Societies continued in 
general small and feeble. During the time of Mr. Bickerdike 
in Belfast, the landlord of their premises in Rea's court required 
possession, and therefore the Society removed to Harper's court. 
While here, the Rev. Philip Pugh was sent from England to the 
town, and Mr. John Stewart, a local preacher, was received into 
the itinerancy. Carrickfergus also was opened as a branch mission, 
and a small chapel erected in the Scotch quarter. After a short 
stay in Harper's court, Belfast, the Society removed to a seminary 
in Cartia street, and from thence to the Cotton court chapel, 



CHAPTBR XIX. — 1838. 265 

formerly held by the Wesleyans, until 1838, when a preaching- 
house was erected in Melbourne street, the tenth Methodist 
chapel built in Belfast. Six years later a minister's residence was 
erected in connection with this edifice. 

Messrs. Samuel Larminie and James Robinson, jun., were ap- 
pointed by the Primitive Wesleyan Conference to the Ballyshannon 
circuit, where they were cheered with an extensive and gracious 
religious awakening. During a quarterly lovefeast at Ballintra 
the Holy Spirit was poured out on the people, and thirteen 
persons were awakened to deep spiritual concern, some of whom 
were made very happy in the love of Christ, and others returned 
to their homes deeply wounded by the Spirit's sword. The 
leaders were greatly stirred up, and thus the good work began. 
The next lovefeast in the town continued from eleven o'clock in 
the forenoon until eight in the evening, and during it thirty-four 
persons were turned from darkness to light ; the revival then 
spread over the whole circuit, including Donegal, Ballyshannon, 
Belleek, Portnason, and many other places. At the close of the 
year it was found the membership had increased from six hundred 
and eighty-six to nine hundred and six, and three hundred souls 
had been converted, of whom at the end of twelve months not 
one had returned to sin and Satan.* 

The members of the Primitive Wesleyan Conference met in 
Dublin on June 27th. Abraham Dawson was received as having 
travelled twelve months; and five candidates were admitted on 
trial, including George Hamilton of the Enniskillen circuit, Robert 
Kingsborough of the Tanderagee circuit, William Stokes of the 
Cookstown mission, and Guy Cunningham of Trillick. There was 
one death reported, that of James Ransom, whose life and end 
showed that for him to live was Christ and to die was gain. Two 
hundred and thirty-four additional members were returned, which 
was accepted as a cheering token of the blessing of the Lord of 
the harvest on the labours of His servants. 

The Wesleyan Methodist Conference was held in Dublin, and 
began on June 22nd, upwards of eighty ministers being present. 
The Rev. Edmimd Grindrod presided, and was accompanied by 
the Revs. Robert Newton and Elijah Hoole. The Rev. Gideon 
Ouseley was elected, by seniority, a member of the Legal Hundred 

* PHmitive Wesleyan MethodUt MogoxineA^^^iV*'^^* 



266 HISTORT OF METHODISM. 

in the place of the Rev. Andrew Hamilton, jun., superannuated, 
and the Rev. John F. Mathews by ballot instead of the Rev. 
Charles Mayne, deceased. James Black of Dromara was received 
as having travelled one year, and Robert Hewitt, who had during 
the previous five years acted as a hired local preacher on the 
Boyle, Clones, Cootehill, Downpatrick, and Bandon circuits, 
Robert Bell of the Kilrush mission, Gibson M^Millen, who had 
been labouring on the Magherafelt circuit, John Walker, and John 
Donald !were admitted on trial. Four preachers, it was reported, 
had died during the year — George Stephenson, Charles Mayne, 
and Francis Russell, who were veterans in the work, and Arm- 
strong Halliday of Coleraine, who was in the fourth year of his 
itinerancy ; but all died well, giving a clear testimony to the 
truth and blessedness of the religion they had recommended in 
life. There was a small increase in all the funds ; and though 
the Society had sustained a loss of three hundred and forty-eight 
members by emigration, there were two hundred and twenty-one 
more than in the previous year. 

The public services in connection with the Conference were 
largely attended and most profitable, the interest being much 
increased by the presence of Kahkequomaby, or Pet^r Jones, an 
Indian chief from North America, who had been converted 
through the Divine blessing on the labours of Edmund Stoney, 
a spiritual child of the Rev. William Reilly, and who there- 
fore pleasantly called the Irish Methodist minister his grand- 
father. On Sunday, June 24th, the Rev. Robert Newton preached 
in Abbey street chapel, on " Thy kingdom come ; " the congre- 
gation included the Lord Mayor, High Sherifl^, and other civic 
oflScers, in state, and the collection amounted to £100. On the 
following evening Peter Jones preached in Whitefiriar street 
chapel, on Psalm Ixvi. 16, which he expounded by a touching 
history of his own conversion and religious experience. The con- 
gregation was much moved, when he illustrated his flight into 
the backwoods for prayer, by the stricken deer retiring to bleed 
in secret, and lying down first on one side, and then on the 
other, to obtain relief. On Thursday he preached again in Abbey 
street chapel, on 2 Corinthians x. 4, 5. Judge Crampton was 
one of his hearers, and handed him a good subscription. On 
Monday, July 2nd, the annual meetmg oi ^i)cife 'ffiJo^xtAswi Mis- 



CHAPTEB XIX. — 1838. 267 

sionary Society wus held in the Rotundo; the large room was 
crowded, the Lord Mayor took the chair, and very able and 
eflFective addresses were delivered by the President, the Rev. 
Robert Newton, Peter Jones, and others. 

The Hon. Baron Foster having sent Miss Moran, then a 
governess in his family, with a request to Peter Jones to visit 
him, promising him a subscription, the Indian chief at once com- 
plied, and was received most cordially. The Judge made most 
particular inquiries as to his design in visiting this country, and 
then asked, " Have you had success ? " " Oh, yes," replied Peter 
Jones. "Judge Crampton gave me £10 for my schools, and £10 
for the General Mission Fund." It was a palpable hint, and was 
kindly taken. " I cannot follow a better example " said Baron 
Foster, and handed him a cheque for £20. The chief asked 
permission, before leaving, to engage in prayer, and it was 
promptly given. " Oh, the solemnity," says one who was present, 
" and the tenderness of feeling and language with which he 
implored the Great Spirit that as we should never see each 
other's faces again in this world, he might see his kind benefactor, 
with all his family, at the right hand of the Judge of quick and 
dead ! It was a season of grace never to be forgotten. The tears 
stood in the Judge's eyes as he accompanied the chief to the 
door and uttered a last farewell." Miss Moran, seeing that 
a favourable impression had been made on the mind of Baron 
Foster, seized a suitable opportunity of requesting him to become 
an annual subscriber to the Wesleyan Missionary Society, and 
he consented, giving instructions to his banker to pay £10 a year 
to the Fund until counter-ordered, and the counter-order was 
never given by him. 

A debt of £200 having remained on the chapel in Bandon, 
a special eflfort was now made to remove it. Mr. Waugh preached 
on behalf of this object on Sunday, December 9th, and promised 
to procure £100 if the Society and congregation would raise the 
other half. The collections amounted to upwards of £91, which, 
with a balance in the hands of the treasurer, Mr. Thomas Bennett, 
sen., made up the required amount, and thus the debt was cleared 
oflF. By a singular coincidence, the chapel was on the evening 
of this day, for the first time, lighted witb. gpa, xelmOcl \j^ ^Owi. 
comfort and satisfaction of all present. 



268 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

Mr. Ouseley, on October Srd, writes from Tarbert thus: "I 
have just returned from Tralee and its vicinity, where I laboured 
for nine days, preached seventeen sermons, and travelled about 
one hundred and thirty Irish miles. The congregations were 
generally very large, in Tralee especially uncommonly so. Our 
good brother Meredith, cast down as he was, being there alone, 
was greatly comforted and encouraged, and I was much blessed 
in my own soul. We had on one Sabbath a blessed lovefeast, 
and on another the Lord's Supper. In Kilrush, too, I had good 
seasons and large congregations. I spent two days in Limerick 
city, preached four times, and had crowded congregations. In 
the country also I had crowds to hear. The Lord strengthens 
me, so that I am seldom or ever weary. I must set out on 
Friday to Ballinasloe, to meet brother Lindsay there."* Thus, 
although in his seventy-seventh year and approaching the close 
of his noble career, this prince of missionaries seemed insensible 
to any decay of his physical strength or mental energy. 

One evening the class at Urraghry, near Ballinasloe, was met 
by the Rev. William Starkey for the renewal of tickets. Frederick 
Elliott, who had been earnestly seeking the blessings of salvation, 
was present, and the preacher said to him, " Frederick, you 
believe Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners ? " "I 
do, sir." " That He died on the cross to save them ? " "I do." 
" That He is able and willing to save you ? " ** Yes, sir." " Come 
now, brother, can you believe that He saves you now ? " "I 
believe He will save me some time, but I cannot believe He saves 
me now." *' There, my young brother, is where your faith is de- 
fective," said Mr. Starkey. " To believe that God will save you 
at some future time will not bring salvation to your soul ; it is a 
delusion. You must believe that He, for Christ's sake, saves 
you now, and the moment you so believe it shall be done in you. 
Now try." " Lord," said the anxious youth, " if this is the faith 
that saves, I can believe." That moment the peace and love of God 
flowed into his soul, and he went home rejoicing in the Lord his 
Saviour. At the succeeding lovefeast in Ballinasloe young 
Elliott, amid great and universal joy, narrated what the Lord had 
done for him, and it proved the beginning of a blessed and 
extensive religious awakening. 

• ReiUy'8 Hemoxml, ip. 'i<ib. 



CHAPTER XIX.— 1838. 269 

The young convert began to work for Christ, speaking 
personally to the ungodly, and holding meetings, frequently in 
places never before visited by a Methodist, and soon one and then 
another were converted to God. Amongst those thus won for 
Christ were several cousins, including Thomas Walsh of Atti- 
brassil, James and Frederick Elliott, and two brothers and three 
sisters of the Walshes of Mackney. The parents of the last- 
mentioned, seeing such a change in their children, were much 
impressed, and observing the girls retire to the dairy every day, 
Mrs. Walsh followed them to the door, heard them pray most 
earnestly, and immediately thought, " My children are praying 
and urging their way to heaven, and I am careless and godless, 
not fit to die." Thus she was awakened to religious concern, then, 
through her influence, her husband, and then both obtained 
peace in believing. They thus became indeed a happy family, 
united in Christ, and opened their house for the preaching of the 
word, the entertainment of the ministers, and for a Sunday- 
school, which proved the means of much and lasting good.* 

The Rev. Robert Huston had been now more than twelve 
months on the Dundalk and Castleblayney circuit, and his 
labours were much blessed. Although the chapel in the principal 
town was unfavourably situated, yet the Lord made bare His arm 
there in the salvation of souls. One of those thus won for Christ 
was James Carey, a nephew of the Rev. John Carey. He writes to 
Mr. Huston thus : " I can never forget the December lovefeast of 
1838, in the old chapel of Dundalk, when as a broken-hearted 
sinner I fell before the mercy-seat and heard you say, 'Your 
uncle's God is yours.' That day, while one of the leaders was 
engaged in prayer and referred to Jesus as dying on the cross for 
sinners, I believed He died for me; my chains fell ofl^, my guilt 
and gloom were gone, and with a glad heart and free I praised my 
merciful God." While on this circuit, Mr. Huston got a chapel 
erected at Crossmaglen. He also waited on the Earl of Roden, 
obtained from him, at a nominal rent, the grant of a plot of 
ground in Dundalk for the erection of a new chapel and residence, 
collected some hundreds of pounds, and saw the project fairly 
started, notwithstanding much difficulty and not a few discourage- 
ments. 



Vnpnblished Aatobiogr^hical Bketc\i\)y "Bft^. Yt«^^0t^«X5a^\X.. 



270 HISTORY OP METHODISM. 

The Revs. Jeremiah Wilson and Eobert J. Meyer were stationed 
at Magherafelt, which two years previously had been formed into 
a circuit, embracing a very extensive district of country. At 
Castledawson the services were held in the house of Mr. James 
Morrow, but in less than six months an attractive chapel was 
built. An obelisk stood on the ground, and was turned to good 
account, the base forming a porch, and the shaft a sort of spire, 
which soon afterwards was blown down. The opening services were 
conducted by the Revs. Henry Price and William A. Darby, while 
Mr. Morrow had an abundant provision and cordial welcome for 
friends from far and near. On the following Sunday Mr. Meyer 
occupied the pulpit, which he did with fear and trembling, but the 
Lord graciously helped His young servant. At the close, as the 
congregation rose to leave, a young woman cried out, "Glory to 
God, my sins are forgiven ! I am now a child of God." The eflfect 
was electrical. The preacher gave out the doxology, the people 
remained, and a good prayer-meeting was held, which proved the 
forerunner of seasons of still more abundant blessing. At Kilrea 
Jack M'Dougall still lived, but had ceased to make tubs, chums, 
and firkins, and had turned schoolmaster. He possessed a clear 
and vigorous intellect, great logical acumen, and a most tenacious 
memory. The great truths of the Gospel, which he so fully 
believed, he realized in his heart and exhibited in his life. The 
services were held in the school-room, and at their close a 
considerable number were wont to remain for conversations and 
discussions on Christian doctrines, evangelistic work, and religious 
experience. The Rev. Daniel Macafee said that for conversational 
powers he had known no such men in the ranks of Methodism 
as Jack M^Dougall of Kilrea and James Field of Cork.* 

There were in Belfast several philanthropic institutions, 
supported by members of diflferent Evangelical Churches, and 
afiFording encouraging fields for Christian effort. One was an 
asylum for fallen women in Cromac street, in which the Methodist 
ministers preached weekly, and thus a considerable number of 
these poor sinners were led to the Saviour. On one occasion 
especially, while the Rev. William Reilly preached, the Spirit of 
God descended in mighty power, and the cries of penitents were 
most heart-rending. Soon afterwards the preacher received an 

♦ IHih JBoangelMt, \^Vl, p. %%^, 



CHAPTBB XIX. — 1838. 



271 



anonymous letter enclosing a small and beautiful token of 
grateful appreciation of good received then. Another of these 
institutions was an asylum for the deaf, dumb, and blind, in which 
a very touching incident occurred. A scarcity of Bibles with the 
raised letters having taken place, a young woman whose fingers, 
by wickerwork, had lost their sensitiveness of touch, was required 
by the committee to give up her copy until a fresh supply could 
be obtained. She expressed great unwillingness to part with it, 
and with uplifted face and streaming eyes raised the book to kiss 
it. But lo ! when her mouth touched the page she discovered, to 
her unutterable surprise and delight, that her lips possessed the 
same susceptibility that her fingers formerly had, and that thus 
she could once more converse with God. Of course under these 
circumstances she was not deprived of her precious treasure. 

Holywood was a small village, with one church and one 
meeting-house ; and the Primitive Wesleyans held their services 
in a large room over a public-house, being supplied with preachers 
from Belfast. Much success could not be expected in the midst 
of such surroundings, and accordingly arrangements were made 
for the erection of a chapel, which proved to be the scene of many 
and signal displays of Divine power. 



CHAPTER XX. 

1840. 

Eably in 1839 a terrible and destructive storm, of most unusual 
violence, passed over the country and did a vast amount of injury. 
What was called the preacher's house in Belfast then was scarcely 
worthy of the name. It stood at right angles with the chapel, 
was built of slender nine-inch walls, and the entrance faced a plot 
of ground on which were some large trees. One of these was torn 
up firom the roots, blown round in a semicircle, and fell against 
the gable of the chapel. Had it fallen on the residence, it would 
have brought it to the ground. The Rev. George Grant and one 
of the children were unwell, or they would have taken refuge in 
the adjoining edifice. The Rev. William Reilly, overcome with 
fatigue after a hard day's work, fell fast asleep sitting in a most 
perilous part of the house, and when roused and warned of his 
danger, replied, " We are in good hands," and dropped ofiF again. 
Many stronger buildings were that night levelled to the ground^ 
while Providence spared this frail tenement ; several friends, on 
the following morning, came to see the place, expecting to find it 
a heap of ruins. On examination, it was found that the thin walls 
in front had been connected with a sounder one in the rear, by 
two beams, and thus the building was held together and the 
lives of the inmates mercifully preserved. 

The glorious career of Ireland's greatest evangelist now drew 
to a close. An internal disease, induced by excessive labour, had 
been gaining on him for years, and sometimes caused extreme 
suffering. Nothing, however, could repress his ardour or prevent 
his using what strength remained in the service of his Master. 
In January, Ouseley came to Dublin, and was attacked with great 
violence by a gang of robbers, who attempted to take bis watch, 
bat only succeeded in secoring bia \)ag^ Trfaich contained little 



CHAPTER XX. — 1839. 273 

of any value to them. The injuries received, however, aggravated 
his complaint and hastened his end. Immediately after this 
attack he visited the Rev. William G. Campbell, at Celbridge, 
who states that he laboured away as if nothing had happened. 
*' Closing my seventy-seventh year," he says, writing about a 
fortnight before the last birthday he was to number among 
mortals, and praising his blessed Redeemer as he was wont — 

^* ^ Through waves, and clouds, and storms, 
He gently cleared my way ! ' 

Praises be to Him that sitteth upon the throne and raaketh all 
things new. Amen and Amen ! Oh, eternity, blissful eternity ! — 

" ' Sin, earth, and hell I now defy ; 
I lean upon my Saviour's breast.' 

God be thanked. Amen ! The end will soon come. Joyful 
news ! " On February 25th he writes, " Yesterday I began 
my seventy-eighth year, and a day of happiness it was to me, 
and to others too, I trust. To God be glory and praise for ever ! 
I preached in Mountrath at ten o'clock, and met the class ; after 
that I went to church, and heard a good sermon; I then went 
out, and preached in the open air to many, without interruption 
from any but one man, who again and again vociferated, 'I'll 
prove there is no hell, so I will.' Having ended my short sermon, 
I returned to Rushin, and after dinner preached to a nice 
congregation in the parlour ; and after tea we started again for 
Mountrath, and I preached there at seven o'clock. The blessing 
of the I^ord was with us through all, praise to Him for ever! 
Thus, having preached four times, met the class, and gone twice 
into the town, I was not even fatigued ! Thank God, thank God, 
O my soul ! Amen and Amen ! " He returned to Dublin in the 
middle of April, preaching at Maryborough, on his way, five 
times on the Sunday and Monday. The two days following he 
spent at Mountmellick, and thus once more the Lord rejoiced 
His aged servant by the sight he loved above all things, that 
of souls pressing to the feet of the Saviour and into His fold. 
Having called upon those who were resolved to flee from the 
wrath to come to give in their names and join the Society, 
several came forward, and on writing each name, he solemnly 
repeated it, and said, " I write youi iiajxi<& \)^tet^ ^3^ ^2kA *Osife 

VOL. ui. \^ 



274 HISTOUY OF METHODISM. 

Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the dead at His appearing and 
His kingdom." Then followed in each case a brief but earnest 
supplication, that Grod might write the name in the Lamb's Book 
of Life. The twenty persons thus enrolled were the last Ouseley 
gathered into the Methodist Society, and the few that heard 
him on the following morning heard his last sermon. 

In the metropolis a short period of rest was enjoyed, then 
alarming symptoms set in, and the approach of death became 
evident ; but it had no terrors to him. " I have no fear of death," 
was his dying exclamation. " The Spirit of God sustains me ; God's 
Spirit is my support." Apparently these were the last words he 
ever uttered, and a little after the noonday of May 14th he 
entered into everlasting light. A few days afterwards the old 
Methodist chapel in Whitefriar street beheld an unusual solemnity, 
and presently men with full hearts stood round an open grave 
in Mount Jerome, and there returned to mother earth all that 
was n^w earthly of one of the best sons of Erin that the green 
sod ever covered.* 

WTiile thus God, in His providence, called hence an Irishman 
who had been one of the most eflScient and successful missionaries 
at home. He raised up another who has done a noble work for 
Christ in other lands. William Butler, a young man of twenty, 
was at this period led to religious decision. In an unpublished 
letter, written by him to the Eev. Thomas Waugh, and dated 
February 20th, 1864, he says, " Within one short mile of Bray, 
on the road to St. Valere, God convinced me of sin twenty-five 
years ago, and there, beneath a tree on the road-side, I knelt down 
and oflFered the first extempore and sincere prayer that ever 
passed my lips." The young convert soon began to work for 
Christ. The Eevs. William Crook and Edward M. Banks were on 
the Wexford circuit, where the Lord poured out His Spirit in 
convincing power, so that sinners were awakened and converted 
to God. This good work continued for months, and it was no 
uncommon thing on Sunday evenings for two or three or more 
to enter into Christian liberty. The revival, however, may be 
said to have culminated in a visit of young Butler, who was 
accompanied by a gentleman from England, and together they 
held a series of mission services, which were greatly owned of 

♦ Arthar's Liie ot ChiaeVe^, pp. 7&1-^^. 



CHAPTER XX. — 1839. 275 

God. Referring to the Eev. William Crook at this time^ the Bev. 
Dr. Butler says, " It was he first put a hymn-book into my hands 
in Wexford, he first put me to preach, he heard my first sermon, 
and feeble as it was, encouraged me. And now I write to his 
worthy son to say that if I have been of any use in the ministry 
in Ireland, in America, or in India, I owe it very much, under 
God, to the name you have the honour to bear." And again, 
in an address to the Irish Conference, the worthy doctor said, 
'^ James Lynch laid his hands on my youthful head, and from him 
I received the missionary spirit. Whatever success has resulted 
from the Divine blessing on my labours, I owe it to Irish Methodism." 

As the first century of the history of Methodism approached 
a close, the thoughts of the Connexion were directed to the 
propriety and desirableness of celebrating the auspicious event 
in an appropriate manner. Accordingly a committee was formed 
in England, including in its members the Revs. Thomas Waugh 
and John F. Mathews, to make the necessary arrangements ; and 
by it it was decided that Ireland should share in the celebration, 
and should receive £2,000 for the Chapel Fund, £6,000 for mission 
schools and school-houses, and £5,000 for the erection of a 
centenary monumental chapel in Dublin, in lieu of the house in 
Whitefriar street, the lease of which was nearly expired. The 
first meeting on this side of the Channel was held in Whitefriar 
street chapel, on the morning of February 27th. The President 
of the Conference, the Rev. Thomas Jackson, took the chair, and 
was supported by the Revs. Robert Newton, James Dixon, and 
Theophilus Lessey, and Messrs. S. H. Smith of SheflSeld and Crook 
of Liverpool as a deputation. The Revs. Thomas Waugh, Matthew 
Tobias, and William Stewart, as well as many laymen, also took part 
in the meeting, which was most cheering in its spirit, speeches, 
and results, the amount subscribed being upwards of £5,000. 

The services for the province of Ulster were held in Belfast on 
March 1st, when the deputation consisted of the President and 
the Revs. Robert Newton, Theophilus Lessey, George Marsden, 
and James Dixon, and A. G. Suter, Esq., of Halifax. A breakfast- 
meeting was held in the large room of the Commercial Buildings, 
at which about four hundred persons were present, including a 
large number of ministers. This meeting was adjourned to 
Donegal square chapel, where it was lesaxnftdL ^\* ^«^^^ ^^<i^«.^ 



276 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

and nearly one thousand persons assembled in that sacred edifice. 
But the crowning service was in the evening, in the Presbyterian 
meeting-house, May street, where, it was estimated, not less than 
two thousand two hundred met together. The whole current 
of the eloquent and powerful addresses delivered ran in the 
channel of high-toned Protestantism, loyalty to Methodism, and 
devotion to Christ, and about £2,800 was- subscribed. Meetings 
were then held for the south at Cork and Bandon, not inferior to 
the Dublin and Belfast services either in efficiency or power, 
and at which subscriptions amounting to about £2,500 were 
subscribed. Subsequently meetings were held throughout the 
kingdom, attended by large audiences and addressed by Irish 
ministers and laymen, which brought up the total amount of 
subscriptions to the splendid sum of £14,519 98. 4c/. 

From the first it has been a principle of the Methodist Con- 
nexion that the strong should assist the weak ; and this principle 
has entered into every department of the system, and governed 
the administration of all its funds. It is not, therefore, surprising 
that at an early period of its history attention was directed to the 
claims of those " worn out" in the arduous and honourable work 
of preaching the Gospel, and that, with the increasing resources 
of the people, this movement advanced from its small beginning 
until it reached important dimensions. *' The Preachers' Fund " 
is first mentioned in the Minutes of 1778 ; but the contributions 
for some years were not large, and were distributed chiefly as a 
fund of mercy. Subsequently the amount was largely augmented 
by subscriptions of preachers, until it took the form of a benefit 
fund, under the designation of the Preachers' Annuitant Society, 
which has been sustained mainly, and administered, in accordance 
with its rules, by those preachers who have been members. One 
object of the Centenary movement was to create a fund supple- 
mentary to this, called the New Auxiliary Fund, to the benefits 
of which Irish supernumerary ministers and widows were ad- 
mitted on the payment from Ireland of sixpence per member 
and such other subscriptions as might be raised on the circuits. 
Thus a very much better provision was made for those who retired 
from the active work of the ministry and for the widows of 
deceased preachers. 

Some zealous and influential persona of the Primitive Wesleyan 



CHAPTBB XX. — 1839. 277 

Society in Dublin having also resolved to celebrate the Centenary 
o Methodism, at their request the Rev. Adam Averell sent invita- 
tions to the leading members throughout the kingdom, to attend 
for that purpose a series of meetings in the metropolis, commencing 
on March 6th. Various resolutions were then adopted, expressive 
of the intention to raise a fund for the benefit of worn-out 
preachers and their widows, to assist in the maintenance and 
education of the children of preachers, and also for other purposes, 
and arranging for the holding of meetings to promote this 
throughout the country. At the meetings in Dublin £2,150 was 
subscribed, while at the meetings in general the attendance was 
large, a very gracious influence rested on the people, and the 
total amount raised was nearly £5,000. 

Two new Primitive Wesleyan chapels were opened in spring. 
One was at Dromore, in the county of Down, on March 17th, when 
the Rev. Adam Averell and Mr. John Stephenson preached, and 
the collections amounted to £30. The other was at Faugher or 
Springfield, on April 28th, when the Rev. A. Averell, Mr. Thomaa 
M'Fann, and Mr. John Stephenson preached. It was in this dis- 
trict of country, at Tonyloman, seventy-six years previously, that 
Methodism was introduced into Fermanagh. In 1806 a preaching- 
house was erected. It was a humble structure, with a thatched 
roof, yet in it many precious souls were won for Christ. For 
several years this old house had been so dilapidated that it was 
dangerous to use it, so the erection of a new building became a 
necessity. The Marquis of Ely was applied to for a lease, in order 
to rebuild on the old site, but he refused to grant it. Another 
plot had therefore to be secured, and on it the above neat and 
commodious house, which is still in use, was erected. 

At a meeting of the leaders of Belfast, on November 12th, 
1838, Mr. William Hamilton was authorized to wait on a Mr. 
Spence to obtain ground to build a chapel upon, and close a 
bargain with him if possible. This appears to have been the 
origin of the chapel at Willowvale, for the erection of which a 
building committee was appointed in the following September. 
This was the eleventh Methodist chapel built in the town. 

At the March quarterly meeting in Bel£Eist it was resolved, 
"That the financial committee appointed in December he va^- 
structed to consider the practicabWit^ o\ T^\si% ^^ TSiaJiresR^ 



278 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

preachers' salaries to :S100 per annum, and to report to the meeting 
in June." What was the result of their deliberations is not recorded; 
but, at the close of his second year in the town, Mr. Tackaberry 
writes, " We have now a better prospect than at any period since 
our appointment. Several in the prayer-meetings and classes 
have been converted lately, and the number is daily increasing. 
I was in last Sunday night's meeting up to eleven o'clock, and 
even then the people showed some reluctance to leave. We 
sometimes permit persons who receive good to declare what God 
has done for their souls. We did so last Sunday night, and it 
had a melting and subduing effect upon the congregation. 
Strange to say, we have seldom any noise in those meetings, and 
yet the people tremble as if their very hearts were shaken, and 
sometimes they fall. This is the best field for Methodism in 
Ireland. In a few years it will very much take the lead of 
Dublin, both in number and influence. Party feeling is somewhat 
subsiding. I hope it will subside, and if it does we shall see 
good days in Belfast." 

Upwards of one hundred Wesleyan ministers assembled in 
Belfast, under the presidency of the Rev. Thomas Jackson, on 
June 21st, to hold their annual Conference. The visitors from 
England were the Revs. Robert Newton, George Marsden, and 
John Beecham. During the year no less than seven ministers 
had been removed by death. These included two in the active 
work, the aged and devoted Ouseley and John Howe, together 
with Henry Lucy, John Remmington, Alexander Sturgeon, 
William Smith, and Andrew Hamilton, sen., who had been 
supernumeraries ; and all died in the faith, and in the joyous hope 
of everlasting life through the merits of the Lord Jesus. David 
Waugh was elected by seniority into the Legal Hundred in the 
place of Archibald Murdock, superannuated, and John Hadden by 
ballot instead of Gideon Ouseley. John H. Boyd of Cork, 
William Brown of Belfast, and James M*Kee of Castleblayney 
were received on trial. The regular practice now commenced of 
sending three representatives to the British Conference, the Rev. 
William Reilly being chosen, in addition to the Revs. William 
Stewart and Thomas Waugh, who for nine years in succession 
were elected together. Although the Societies had been deprived 
of three hundred and thirty-nine mem\»T^\yj ^TD\g;ra.tlon^ there 



CHAPTER XX.— 1839. 279 

was an increase of one hundred and thirty-nine. In the Address 
to the British Conference grateful testimony is borne to the success 
of the Centenary movement, thus : " We have the gratification 
of seeing our most sanguine expectations exceeded by the con- 
tributions of our members and friends, many of whom have 
contributed in a spirit of noble self-sacrificing liberality. The 
meetings were seasons of refreshing coming from the presence 
of the Lord, and the respected preachers and lay gentlemen 
deputed by your Committee to visit this country will be long and 
gratefully remembered by us in connection with this interesting 
occasion." 

" The public religious services of the Conference," it is stated, 
" were attended by overflowing congregations ; and the preachers 
seemed to be favoured of the Lord with peculiar liberty in 
ministering the word of life." Nor was their private social 
intercourse without leading to lasting good. One instance may 
be recorded. The Rev. Robert Huston was the guest of a 
Christian lady who states that immediately after his arrival a 
lay brother from another part of the country called to see him, 
and they soon got to prayer together. This brother, pleading 
for sanctifying grace, said— 

" If Thou canst so greatly bow, 
Friend of sinners, why not now ? " 

and paused, apparently much overcome. Mr. Huston then broke 
out with — 

** *Tis done ! Thou dost this moment save, 
Thou dost this moment bless ; ^ 

and so it proved. When the friend had left, Mr. Huston said to his 
hostess, " I had the feeling just after entering the house that I 
should find spiritual good ; surely this was a foretaste of it." It 
may be added that on another occasion, some time later, he 
baptized a lovely baby for this lady, and having put one or two 
questions of the usual kind, he said, " There is another question 
that is on my mind to ask : If the Lord should see fit to remove 
this child in infancy, will you resign Him cheerfully to His 
blessed will ? " And ere three months had passed the child was 
taken home to heaven. 

The sessions of the Primitive ^e^V^^Si ^otAet^x^^^ ^^^ 



280 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

menced on June 26th. The Rev. Adam Averell was, as usual, 
elected President, and Mr. Thomas MTann Secretary. At the 
request of the venerable President, then in his eighty-sixth year, 
the Conference consented to elect a Vice-president, and the choice 
fell on Mr. Alexander Stewart. Charles Graham of the Irvinestown 
circuit was admitted on trial. A decrease in the membership of 
eight hundred and sixty-six was reported, and was attributed 
in great measure to the heavy drain on the Society by emigration. 
It was cheering, however, to find that neither this serious loss 
nor the interest excited by the Centenary movement had operated 
against the funds of the Society, as these continued in a healthy 
condition. 

The Rev. William Cather now completed a term of three 
years on the TuUamore circuit, and on his last Sabbath in the 
town delivered, to the Sunday-school, an address in which he 
earnestly urged those present to decide for God. Thomas M. 
Macdonald* was the secretary, and such a deep impression was 
made on his mind that immediately afterwards he said to Robert 
G. Cather, who then lived in the town, and had been much 
impressed by an alarming accident, " If you give yourself to God, 
so will I." Cather replied, " If I knew that by walking to the end 
of the garden I would be converted, I would not do it. Go and 
decide for yourself. You may never have another opportunity." 
Macdonald promised to do so, and again urged the others to 
follow his example, but in vain. A very short time subsequently, 
however, young Cather became deeply in earnest about the 
salvation of his soul, and was made a joyous partaker of saving 
grace. The good work thus commenced soon spread, and led to 
the conversion of a number of young men, including, amongst 
others, William, son of Rev. William Crook, and Henry M. 
Beale. Andrew Johnston, a son of a Wesleyan minister, came to 
TuUamore from Clara, one Saturday, expecting to enjoy the 
Sunday with other unconverted friends, but, to his surprise, found 
himself in the midst of a band of devoted young Christians, and 
exclaimed, " If once I get out of this town, I'll never come here 
again." The Rev. Robert Jessop said to him, " Andrew, we hope 
to get you converted." '* If you can convert the devil," said the 
youth, " you can convert me." 

* Now Prebendary Macdonald ot Manchester, 



CHAPTBR XX.— 1839. 281 

However, he consented to go to the service that evening, 
while one of the young converts watched him lest he should go 
out. At the close of the sennon an invitation was given to remain 
for a prayer-meeting, but Andrew rose and walked to the door. 
The young convert tried to keep him, and he, as he afterwards 
stated, felt so much of the devil in him that he was ready to 
strike him, yet remained, went forward to the rails, and there 
found the Saviour. On the following Saturday, John Hay, who 
for twenty months had been anxiously seeking mercy, and had 
heard of the glorious revival in TuUamore, went there from 
Mountmellick, accompanied by his leader, who wished to unite 
his prayers with others on behalf of the almost despairing anxious 
inquirer. They went to Mr. Charles Gunning's, where they met 
many of the young converts, and heard them praising God. 
Andrew Johnston told his religious experience, and then asked 
each one present, " Are you happy ? " All said they were except 
young Hay, who answered, " No." " Then," said the other, "you'll 
not be long so." Robert G. Gather took the poor penitent in hand, 
showed an intense determination that he should believe, and did 
not rest until he could say, " My God is reconciled. His pardon- 
ing voice I hear." 

The Rev. William Gather was now appointed to the Roscrea 
circuit, where the people, having heard of the good work in TuUa- 
more, oflFered much prayer for reviving blessing in connection 
with the labour of His servant, and it was answered. On his first 
Sunday he had, in the sense of the Divine presence and power 
that rested on the congregations, an earnest of what soon followed. 
A young man named Isaac Fawcett of Parsonstown was the first 
converted, and in the course of a few months a large number of 
young people in the town obtained peace through believing. 
Amongst others, Mr. William K. Fayle, a highly acceptable and 
useful local preacher, had the joy of seeing three of his daughters 
and his son Benjamin decide for Christ ; and in the family of 
Mr. John Shields, a most devoted leader, four daughters and two 
sons were brought into Ghristian liberty. The work extended to 
Soscrea, where many more were brought to the Lord. Then 
Templemore partook of the showers of blessings that refreshed the 
circuit, and one of those converted was a young Romanist, named 
Robert Boyle, who was so persecuted t\\aA> )afc 'v^a ^Nr\afc^ ^r> 



282 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

emigrate. He went to Canada, where he entered the Primitive 
Methodist ministry, became a most popular and useful preacher, 
and was twice elected President of the Conference. 

A gracious revival of the work of God also took place in 
Bandon, chiefly through the Divine blessing on the labours of 
the Eev. Robinson Scott, and many were brought into fellowship 
with God and His Church. The young preacher was full of zeal, 
and on coming to the circuit sought out the unconverted and 
made them individually the subject of special prayer. Amongst 
those who were thus remembered at the throne of grace by him, 
Mr. Cornwall, and others, were William, John, and Thomas 
Hunter, Edward Harte,* and William Bennett. One day Mr. 
Scott having arranged with Robert G. Cather, now a tutor in the 
town, to speak to Mr. Harte, and that he himself would continue 
in prayer at the time, great was their joy to learn that the 
subject of their solicitude had decided for Christ. The Lord then 
answered persevering prayer by affliction ; Mrs. William Hunter 
died. Her end was most triumphant, and on the day of her 
funeral, while Mr. Scott was engaged in prayer, the bereaved 
husband exclaimed, triumphing in a conscious sense of sins for- 
given, "Who did for every sinner die hath surely died, for me!" 
and thus entered upon a course of earnest, though not persever- 
ing Christian usefulness. He had a much attached friend, Mr. 
Henry S. Place, an exceedingly intelligent man, but one who made 
no profession of religion, and whose influence over the young 
convert was therefore much dreaded by his friends. However, 
Mr. Hunter told what the Lord had done for his soul to Mr. Place, 
and thus he was awakened to a sense of his state, read Wesley's 
Sermons, and obtained peace and joy in believing. Then one 
evening, when Mr. Scott and a few others met for tea and 
Christian intercourse, during prayer John Hunter burst out into 
praise, in which all present joined. It appeared that, in answer 
to prayer, the Spirit of God had been striving with him, that 
he had been deeply impressed by the consistent lives of his sister 
and cousin, and that now he was enabled to rejoice in God his 
Saviour. His religious career, however, was exceedingly brief. 
On the following Sunday morning he went for the first time to 
da^^meeting, during the course of the week was seized with 

• Father ol the B^ev. "Edyiax^ WaxV^, 



OHAPTBB XX.— 1839. 283 

typhus fever, and within ten days of his conversion passed in 
triumph to the home above. Three days latter, Eva Shine, a 
lovely girl of twelve years of age, also died, and her early and 
sudden removal made a deep and salutary impression on a large 
circle of friends. Thomas Hunter was now in deep distress about 
his soul, and one Sunday night, unable to sleep, he left his bed 
and pleaded for pardoning mercy, until he obtained the desire of 
his heart. About the same time William Bennett realized peace 
in believing, but his religious course was short. Two years sub- 
sequently he took ill of fever, and as the end approached, his 
mother, who was blind, having been brought into the room, said, 
" Let me feel him ! " and then inquired if there was anything he 
wished to say. The dying man replied, " Leave to His sovereign 
sway to choose and to command," and soon passed into the 
world of spirits. One of those present says, " If ever I felt as if 
heaven was opened, and a dpng spirit passed over me into it, it 
was when William Bennett died." 

Space would fail to tell of the conversions of Mortlock Long, 
who subsequently entered the itinerancy, Jane Scott, afterwards 
Mrs. Henry Beamish, her two sisters, Anne Bright, and many 
others, whose consistent and useful lives proved a record worthy 
of lasting remembrance. 

The Revs. Thomas W. Doolittle and Gribson M'Millen were 
appointed to the Sligo circuit for a second year, and found a 
people prepared of the Lord. The spirit of hearing became 
general, rich and poor flocked to the services, and hundreds of 
souls were won for Christ. The most notable of the latter was 
Mr. Stuart Irwin of Balljrmote. At a field-meeting in Rivers- 
town he was convinced of sin, and at the subsequent prayer- 
meeting in the chapel was enabled to rest on Christ for salvation. 
A short time afterwards, there was a fellowship-meeting in the 
chapel, erected nine years previously, in his own town and at 
once, when an opportunity was given for witnessing for Jesus, 
several stood up together, and Stuart among the rest. Some one 
beckoned to him to sit down ; but unable to restrain himself, he 
cried out, " Oh, just wait a moment, till I tell what the Lord has 
done for my soul!" He commenced immediately to work for 
Christ, holding meetings in country places, often le&vm<^ \^<s^&l^ 
early on the Sabbath morning, and not tcVxitx&dl^ \xb^^\^^ "^ 



284 HISTORY OF METHODISr. 

night, assisting Dr. Lougheed in the town, teaching in the Sunday- 
school, and meeting classes. He devoted special attention to 
young men, and many of these, from diflFerent parts of the country 
and distant lands, have written gratefully acknowledging the 
inestimable benefit they derived from his instructions. 

At the Conference of 1836 leave was given for the erection 
of a new chapel in Galway. Six months later the Rev. Walter 0. 
Croggon writes, " I have heard much of Galway as the strong- 
hold of superstition in Ireland, but was greatly cheered to find 
that we had a very respectable, attentive congregation, although 
they worship in one of the most inconvenient places, perhaps, in 
all Ireland or England. It is an upper room, to find which you 
must pass through a dark, dirty passage, and up a flight of steps. 
A spot, however, is secured for a new building, the local friends 
promise £200 towards it, and £500 more are required to erect a 
suitable place." This important undertaking was now completed, 
valuable aid having been rendered by Gideon Ouseley. The initia- 
tion of the scheme, however, as well as the chief responsibility of 
carrying it out, was the work of Mr. William N. Alley, to whose 
deep piety and self-denying labours, as well as the consistent life 
and generous hospitality of Mrs. Alley, the Methodists of the 
town are to this day deeply indebted. 

Public attention was at this time directed to Wesley's 
character and to Methodism, by the pen of one who had already 
made himself very prominent in the political aflFairs of the day. 
Provoked, in all probability, by the sound Protestant influence 
which the Society exerted in checking the progress of Popery 
and in opposing the Romish tendencies of the Government in 
England, Daniel O'Connell made a violent attack on the Founder 
of Methodism and his followers. In England the disputant was 
met by the Rev. George Cubitt, and in Ireland by the Rev. Daniel 
Macafee. The letters of the latter created a marvellous sensation. 
With keen sarcasm, pungent wit, and withering invective, the 
author repelled the foul charges of " the Liberator," exposed his 
inconsistencies, and indignantly rejected his overtures. " What, 
sir ! " said Macafee ; " would you have us leave our father's house, 
and go along with the prodigal to feed swine, and live on the 
busks of popish superstitions ? Would you have us renounce the 
bread and water of life, to live on. lAim xaas^^^ ^iXid a wafer God ? 



CHAPTER XX. — 1839. 285 

Would you have us renounce the Scriptures for the igms-fatuus 
of tradition ? Would you have us abandon the worship of the true 
God, through the only Mediator, Christ Jesus, to worship a dead 
saint, a senseless crucifix, a picture on a wall, or a deity whose 
substance grew in the field, was ground in a mill, was formed by 
the hand, and was transubstantiated, forsooth ! by the hocus 
poena of a priest who, perhaps, the night before the act of con- 
secration, could not distinguish the difference between a wafer 
and a shilling ? Would you have us forsake the society and friend- 
ship of the true and heavenly Church, which is clothed with the 
Sun of Righteousness and crowned with the stars of Apostolic 
beauty, and become the deluded varlets of the scarlet-coloured 
lady, who is bedecked with every earthly trumpery, drunk with 
the blood of saints, and still stands forth with * Mystery, Babylon 
the Gfreat,' written on her forehead ? No, no, Mr. O'Connell ; if 
you be a dupe, we are not to be deceived. Her bloated form 
frightens us, her grim countenance makes us shudder, her voice 
hisses like a rattle-snake, her breath smells of the upas-tree, and 
her colour reminds us of Smithfield and the bloody tragedy of 
1641, while we can perceive the end of a bundle of &ggots under 
her cloak, with a match dipped in turpentine in her unladylike 
hand." It is no wonder that letters written like this told in a 
way that O'Connell never ceased to feel. 

At the close of the year the Rev. John Armstrong writes, 
concerning the Dungannon circuit, "I have now been eighteen 
months here. When I came I found all in confusion, both in town 
and country, more particularly the former, where the temple of 
the Lord was almost in ruins and the congregations gone to a 
shadow. My good brother Robert Hamilton and I sought 
direction from God in prayer, and He did direct us. The house 
is now well repaired, the congregations good, the Sunday-school 
large, and, best of all, the people are in union one with another." 

On several of the circuits and missions of the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society there were gracious outpourings of the Holy Spirit, more 
especially in connection with the Centenary services. In Dublin 
a Centenary love feast was held on November 12th, towards the 
close of which a number of persons became deeply distressed 
about their souls, and some were enabled to rest on. Christ ^a^ 
their Sixriour. The work thus oommenced co\i^YEra^^^«sA^K^^^^ 



286 HISTORY OF MBTH0D18M. 

after night were heard the cries of penitents and the songs of 
newborn babes in Christ. At Bandon and its neighbourhood, 
Mallow, and Cork similar times of refreshing were vouchsafed. 
Of one of the services at Cork, Mr. George Bobinson writes, " I 
certainly had not witnessed before in any meeting a feeling 
so spontaneous and so general, and this too in the absence of 
everything like mere excitement on the part of those by whom 
it was conducted. There was indeed excitement, powerful excite- 
ment, but it was the work of that blessed Spirit which came 
down on the disciples on the day of Pentecost." On the Bally- 
shannon circuit a revival had been in progress for two years, during 
which upwards of two hundred persons were converted, not one of 
whom was known to have gone back to the world. 

Messrs. Heather and Griffin were appointed to Belfast, where 
they found a people ripe for a revival. Indications were at once 
afforded of the Divine presence and blessing, and the work 
gradually advanced until the Centenary meetings were held, con- 
cerning which great expectations had been excited, and were more 
than realized. On the afternoon of Sunday, November 5th, the 
day appointed for the celebration, a lovefeast was held, when the 
Lord manifested His power to convince and pardon sinners and to 
renew the spiritual strength of His people. In the evening Mr. 
Heather preached, and at the prayer-meeting which followed 
many precious souls were won for Christ. From this time, for a 
considerable period, scarcely a Sunday elapsed on which sinners 
were not converted to God, including some who subsequently 
proved to be amongst the most devoted and consistent members 
of the Society in the town. The work then spread to Bally- 
macarret and Holywood, at each of which some remarkable cases 
of conversion from deep moral degradation to exemplary holiness 
took place. One of these was that of a woman who had plunged 
into the lowest depth of iniquity, was led to enter the preaching- 
house, and there convinced of sin and brought to Christ. A 
marvellous sensation was created in the meeting when, rising 
from the floor on which she had rolled in agony, she exclaimed, 
" I was the greatest wretch in all Ballymacarret ; it is the mercy of 
mercies that I am out of hell ! I bless God that I am a living 
being, and in this house to-night." Then she paused, unable to 
proceed, but again regaining Btreng^Yi, m^d o\xt, " Glory, glory, 



CHAPTER XX. — 1839. 287 

glory be to God ! my heart is light, my burden is gone, my sins 
are forgiven," and with heaven beaming in her countenance, added, 
" This people shall be my people, and their God my God." At 
Holywood, when Mr. Griffin gave an invitation to anxious in- 
quirers to come forward, nearly half the congregation crowded to 
the penitent forms. 

The following instance of the providential care exercised by 
God over His servants claims our notice : The Rev. William 
M^Clure was at least on one occasion placed in such peculiarly 
trying circumstances, through a delay in receiving his usual 
quarterly remittance, that he had neither food nor money, so he 
and his wife bowed together at the throne of grace, told their 
wants to God, and then waited patiently the arrival of the next 
post, hoping for relief. The postman came round as usual, and 
passed, leaving no letter, to the bitter disappointment of those 
in sore need. In a few minutes, however, a knock was heard, 
and a devoted member of the Congregational Church entered. 
Having made some arrangements for a meeting, he was silent and 
for a moment seemingly embarrassed, and then said, "Mr. 
M'Clure, you must excuse me, if you please, when I tell you my 
sleep has been spoiled for two nights about you. On my telling 
my wife this morning, she said I must call on you and try to get 
my sleep back again. I saw you distressed and pale ; you seemed 
in want. My dear brother, you must not be so, you shall not be so. 
God has given me abundance and some to spare, and none under 
heaven are more welcome to my means than Mrs. M*Clure and 
yourself. I know your income at best is small, and remittances 
in cases like yours are sometimes delayed. Now, sir, do oblige 
my wife and myself by accepting this," placing a ten-pound note 
on the table ; " and do, good sir, always gratify me by just signi- 
fying at any time your wishes ; it will so increase my happiness. 
Now good morning ; my sleep is already restored." When he was 
gone Mrs. M^Clure came over to her husband, put her arms 
around him, and said, in impressive tones, " Who told Mr. White 
all about this matter ? Does not God so care for us, William ? 
Shall we ever fear to trust Him again ? " And husband and wife 
wept together in silent gratitude before the Giver of all good.* 

» Memoir of the Rev. W. M*aure, pp. U2-Va. 



CHAPTER XXI. 
1840 

On January 17th, 1840, a Temperance-meeting was held at Bandon, 
in the court-house, which was crowded to excess, and was 
addressed, amongst others, by the Rev. Nicholas E. Dunscombe 
of Cork. This led to the formation of a Total Abstinence Society, 
of which Mr. John Scott was secretary. This association was 
worked with great energy, so as soon to consist of upwards of 
two hundred members, including a number of persons previously 
addicted to intemperance. 

The following extracts from a letter written by a gentleman 
in Waterford, and dated March 17th, will be read with interest, 
as indicating the spirit which prevailed chiefly through the 
exertions of Father Mathew : " I think that Ireland never saw 
such a St. Patrick's Day since the death of that saint. This may 
be properly called St. Mathew's Day. I have been travelling 
through and through Waterford, and have not met as much as 
one individual in any way affected by liquor, and there are 
thousands in the streets. I looked in all the public-houses, but 
in most of them there was not a person to be seen but the 
landlady leaning over the counter, with sorrow pictured on her 
countenance, as if mourning the loss of departed friends. Every 
publican sells bread, some of them meat, and many other 
things, all denoting the badness of their trade. It is a good 
sign when the landlady is seen making a laundry of her tap-room 
as early as seven o'clock in the evening." 

The Rev. Robert Huston was now on the Kilkenny mission, 

and amongst the noteworthy incidents which occurred in 

connection with his labours was the conversion of a young man 

named Thomas M'Cullagh, a native of the county of Galway, but 

at this time a resident in the city. He was induced to attend 



CHAPTER xxr. — 1840. 289 

the Wesleyan chapel by the entreaties of a young friend, and 
awakened to a sense of his state and danger. His religious 
impressions were deepened through the preaching of Mr. Huston, 
and for two successive Sundays he presented himself as a penitent 
in the prayer-meeting — first in the chapel, and then in the house 
of Mr. Thomas Little, to which he had been invited. On this 
occasion he was the first of several penitents who found peace. 
Mr. Huston knelt by his side at the time, and shook him warmly 
by the hand, when they stood up to sing the Doxology. The 
young convert began at once to work for Christ in the Sunday- 
school, in prayer-meetings, and as an exhorter, and with such 
zeal as to provoke the junior minister on the circuit, who brought 
him and others to the bar of the leaders' meeting for holding 
a noisy prayer-meeting at Stonyford. " This," says Mr. M'CuUagh, 
"was my first evangelical excursion and last ecclesiastical 
arraignment." Soon afterwards he removed to Mallow, where, 
acting as an exhorter, he ventured to take a text occasionally. 
His first sermon was preached in a private house at Ballyclough. 
In returning firom a village where he had preached one evening, 
he and a companion lost their way, and at midnight found shelter 
in a humble cabin, with a poor widow and her cow. 

A scene in connection with a visit of the Rev. William Gr. 
Campbell to the Kilkenny mission is too rich and characteristic to 
pass unrecorded. On the occasion referred to, Mr. Huston accom- 
panied him to a place about twelve miles from Kilkenny, where 
they held a meeting in the evening. On the road they met two 
men, one of them staggering under the influence of drink, and the 
other endeavouring to help him home. Mr. Campbell reined 
up and cried, " Halloa ! my poor fellow, you broke the pledge." 
" Oh, no, your reverence,'* replied the other, mistaking him for 
a priest. " Oh, but you have ! " " Well, your reverence, it was 
the one I took from Father Mathew long ago." " Didn't I 
know ? " said the missionary. " Come, now, you must take it 
again." " Oh, no, your reverence ! " " Yes, you must." " Well, 
I'll promise not to take anything that would injure me." " Come, 
kneel down at once, and take it." The man knelt down on the 
road. " I think I'll take it too," said the other. " Now say after 
me," enjoined Mr. Campbell, "In the name of the Fathai:" 
" In the name of the Father," repUed \Jaft m^a., ^^ ksA ^\ ^^i^^s^ 

VOL. ui. ^^ 



290 HI8T0BY OF METHODISM. 

Son." " And of the Son." " And of the Eternal Spirit." "Temal 
Spirit, Temal Spirit ! " exclaimed one of the men, staggered by 
the unfamiliar phraseology. '^ Are you a Catholic at all ? " and 
bounding to his feet with energy, shouted to his companion, 
" Get up out of that ! 1*11 not take a bit of it," as if his righteous 
indignation was roused at being so nearly hoaxed by a Protestant. 
The missionary proceeded on his journey, and solaced himself 
with the reflection of having at least made an effort to save a 
poor brand out of the fire, and thus arrest one of the giant evils 
of our country. 

The missionary deputation in spring to the south consisted of 
the Rev. John Lomas and Mr. William Dawson of Bambow, who 
travelled from place to place, preaching and addressing public 
meetings. The fire and genius of the eloquent Yorkshire farmer, 
especially, were admirably adapted to gain the attention and the 
hearts of the inhabitants of this country ; whilst he saw enough 
of the Irish character, during his brief stay, to produce a love for 
it not easily chilled. His conversation, prayers, sermons, and 
speeches left an indelible impression. Cheerful and communica- 
tive, his aim in every company appeared to be the diffusion of 
happiness. At family worship in Carlow, having quoted the 
lines — 

" Worthy the Lamb that died, they cry, 
To be exalted thus," 

he cried out, " Stop, Gabriel ! You daren't sing what follows. 
That's our privilege : — 

* Worthy the Lamb, our hearts reply, 
For He was slain for us I ' *' 

In the missionary meeting a Presbyterian and an Independent 
minister were on the platform. Assuming that they were 
Calvinists, he ingeniously showed that their devotions were in 
conflict with their doctrinal principles. " Gentlemen," he said, 
turning to them, " you have your alls and your everys as well as 
ourselves. We Methodists give out — 

" * JesuB, ride on tiU all are subdued. 

Thy mercy make known and sprinkle Thy blood ; 
Diq>lay Thy salvation and teach the new song. 
To every nation, and people, «ad V>Ti!^<ft.* 



GHAPTBB XXI. — 1840. 291 

Whereas you Calvinists pray, whilst you sing — 

"'From all that dwell below the skies 
Let the Creator's praise arise ; 
Let the Redeemer's name be sung 
Through every land, by every tongue I ' " 

Mr. Dawson delivered at Maryborough his &mous '^ agricul- 
tural speech," in which his leading thoughts were wrought out 
with an exuberance of imagery and illustration. " Mr. Wesley," 
he said, '^ began to enclose at Oxford. First he enclosed his 
brother Charles, George Whitefield, and others. Then he went 
to enclose in the gaol. After a while he came to enclose in 
Ireland. At last his heart got so large that he resolved to en- 
close the world, for, said he, ' the world is my parish.' The land 
enclosed, his next operation was to ' clear away the brushwood.' 
For this purpose he employed what he called * the axe of the 
letter of the law.' This done, he proceeded to plough up the 
land, quoting with telling effect several passages of Scripture as 
the language of an awakened sinner. The fallow ground of the 
heart thus thoroughly broken up, he commenced to cast in the 
seed, and during this process the people smiled through their 
tears. *The preacher,' he said, * as we do in Yorkshire, sows 
with both hands;' then throwing out his right, he repeated, 
'Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and 
I will give you rest.' Then his left hand, 'This is a fjEuthful 
saying and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into 
the world to save sinners.' Then again his right, ' If any man 
sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the 
righteous; and He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for 
ours only.' Then pausing, he added with energy, 'And this 
is enough to heave one's shoulder out,' 'but also for the sins 
of the whole world,' giving his arm a wide sweep." The same 
day he preached on the parable of the lost sheep. His intro- 
duction was unique. " I often wish," he said, "that I was alive 
in the time of our Lord. For if I were, I should have a great 
desire to get this scene painted — our Lord receiving sinners, 
and the scribes and Pharisees murmuring. Well, suppose I had 
my wish. There I have Sir Thomas Lawrence or Sir Joshua 
Reynolds employed." Here he imitated the painter fci ^^^^^^ 
seconds^ without uttering a word. Breslkiii^ «Jv«uRfe «^ ^as8^>^aA. 



292 HISTOBY OF MBTHODISM. 

uttering the language of the painter, he exclaimed, " I can't do 
it ! There is so much of benignity, of compassion, of heaven in 
that countenance, I can't express it." His appeals to the prodigal 
rushing to ruin, despite a mother's prayers and a Saviour's 
agonies, were most affecting and powerful ; while, ever and anon, 
his entreaty, " Stop sinner ! " rang through the house with thrilling 
pathos. It was a night to be remembered. 

At this period there were gracious revivals in Athlone, Tulla- 
more, Drogheda, and Galway, the intelligence of which the Rev. 
William Starkey communicated to the people about Aughrim, 
exciting in their minds a spirit of prayer and expectation. On 
returning to that part of the mission, about a fortnight later, 
and while preaching on a Friday evening at Mackney, from Pro- 
verbs xxiv. 16, the Spirit of God was poured out, sobs and cries 
arose from all parts of the room, and turning to Frederick Elliott, 
the preacher said, " What shall we do ? We must go to prayer," 
and they did. Four were converted to God that night. On the 
following Sabbath morning, at Aughrim, where Mr. Nixon, the 
mission-school teacher, preached regularly, eleven were led to the 
Saviour, and that evening at Mackney twenty-two more were 
brought to religious decision. The gracious work thus begun 
continued and spread, and the fruits of it are apparent to the 
present day. Several valuable laymen were raised up to sustain 
the cause, and at least four young men who subsequently entered 
the ranks of the Christian ministry, including Thomas and Robert 
Walsh, who went to America, and Frederick Elliott and Samuel 
Johnston, who entered the Irish itinerancy.* 

In Belfast the gracious influences sought, and in some measure 
realized, descended on the congregations in a most remarkable 
manner. " Never since we came to this town," says Mr. 
Tackaberry, "were matters in as good a state as the present. 
Our special prayer-meetings are glorious seasons. I have seldom 
seen anything like them. That on Tuesday, January 28th, was 
one of the most hallowed and hallowing I have known. Several 
obtained forgiveness and the heart-renewing love; but the dis- 
tinguishing feature of the meeting was, all present bowed in 
spirit before the Most High, and all seemed to receive good; 
our oldest leaders say they have seen nothing like that evening. 

* ITnpublished AutobiograpUcal ^Ve^c\i ot 'fi^^^. ^ .^V\\o\\. 



CHAPTBR XXI. — 1840. 293 

Our leaders are blessed men of God. Of some of them it may be 
said, as of Stephen, they are *full of faith and of the Holy 
Ghost/ " Again, the devoted minister write^s, " We have really 
wonderful times in this town at present. Yesterday we held our 
March lovefeast. I have seen nothing which I thought equalled 
it in richness, and I do not expect to see anything better this 
side heaven. There were about eight hundred and fifty present. 
More than half of those who spoke testified to the all-cleansing 
power of the blood of Christ. All who spoke, spoke well. There 
was such a mixture of soundness, propriety, and coolness, and of 
praise, love, and joy, with solemnity, reverence, and awe. The 
feeling produced was quite overpowering. We hear of some 
made happy in the classes and in the homes, and we see some in 
the meetings every week. All this is without any confusion, I 
might say without any noise. On the evening of Sunday, March 
1st, I saw several weep till you would imagine they should cry 
aloud or fall down ; but they restrained themselves. Some of 
those very persons at that same meeting were made as happy as 
human nature could well bear ; and yet there was no irreverent 
joy. I have not kept any account of the numbers saved during 
the last three months, but they must be very considerable. Perhaps 
I would not be above the truth if I said there were hundreds. 
The tide of holy excitement continues to flow, and we — preachers 
and leaders — seem determined not to expect an ebb. We hold 
a special prayer-meeting every Sunday evening after preaching, 
and another on Tuesday evening, at eight o'clock. The school- 
room seats three hundred and fifty, and it will not much longer 
contain us if the meetings continue to increase. After three or 
four persons have prayed, we invite all who are seeking pardon 
of sin or perfect love to come to what we call the penitents' 
benches, or if in the chapel, to the communion rails and firont 
pews. Numbers, varying from twenty to seventy, usually accept 
the invitation; and I remember no evening, for many weeks, 
on which from three to twenty did not profess to have received 
the good they came to seek.* One night, coming out of a 
meeting during which twenty had been converted, Mrs. Beilly 
said, "They who think Christ will set up His throne on earth 
may look for His personal appearing ; but here He is pr esent^ and 

* Life and Labours of TackaYteiry , v^. ^K^^. 



294 HISTOBY OV METHODISM. 

makes bare Hie arm." "Oh," replied Mrs. Tackaberry, with 
streaming eyes, ^^ I desire nothing more than this until I meet 
Him in heaven." One of the many at this time led to the 
Saviour was a younger brother of Joseph W. M'Kay, Colin, who 
in Mr. Samuel Hunter's class was led to decide for God, and 
subsequently entered upon a course of unobtrusive and protracted 
usefulness. At the close of the three years during which Messrs. 
Beilly, Tackaberry, and Grant laboured in Belfast it was found the 
number of members had increased from nine hvmdred and ten 
to twelve hundred. 

The preachers and members of the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society in Belfast, seeing the great prosperity of their cause, 
were convinced that the time had come to build a chapel worthy 
of their Connexion, and large enough to meet the wants of the 
increasing population of the town. Accordingly an admirable 
site was secured in Donegal place, suitable plans were obtained 
from Charles Lanyon, Esq., and the execution of the work 
committed to Mr. James Carlisle. On Easter Monday the 
foundation-stone was laid by Mr. William Campbell, the oldest 
member and leader of the Society on the circuit; and in the 
evening an adjourned meeting was held in the preaching-house. 
Academy street. This was largely attended, and was addressed 
with much power by Messrs. John Stephenson and Dawson 
D. Heather. 

The Conference of the Wesleyan Methodists commenced in 
Dublin on June 19th, after the usual preparatory committees had 
met. About one hundred ministers were present, with the Rev. 
Theophilus Lessey as President, and the Rev. Thomas Jackson as 
Visitor. The Rev. William Stewart was elected Secretary, and 
continued to hold the office for eight years. The Rev. Thomas 
Lougheed was elected, by seniority, a member of the Legal 
Hundred in place of the Rev. Samuel Wood, superannuated. Nine 
candidates were received on trial. These included William Hoey 
(2nd), a native of the county of Donegal, who came out from the 
Brookeborough circuit, James S., son of the Rev. John Waugh, 
Robert G. Jones of Belfast, John Gilbert of the Irvinestown 
circuit, John Duncan, Joseph W. M'Kay, and John Hay. Four 
ministers^ who had been supernumeraries, were found to have died 
during the year — ^Alexander Mooie oi 'WieVio^^ Bohert Wilson of 



CHAPTER XXI. — 1840. 296 

Omagh, John Dinnen of Coleraine, and John M^ Arthur of London- 
derry. Although six hundred members of the Society had 
emigrated in the twelve months, there was a net increase of six 
hundred and sixty-four ; and although the year had been one of 
great depression and difficulty, none of the funds had declined ; 
pleasing proofs that the hand of the Lord was with His servants, 
so that they neither laboured in vain nor spent their strength for 
nought. The Rev. James B. Gillman was elected junior repre- 
sentative to the British Conference. 

The examination of the characters of the preachers of the 
Primitive Wesleyan Society having been completed on Wednes- 
day, June 24th, the members of the Conference assembled on the 
following morning, when the Rev. Adam Averell was chosen 
President, Mr. Alexander Stewart Vice-president, and Mr. George 
Robinson Secretary. It was, however, soon apparent, fix)m the 
advanced age of the President and its attendant circumstances, 
that he could be no longer expected to discharge the duties of the 
office he had so long and so efficiently sustained ; he was therefore 
elected honorary President for life, during which the Vice-president 
should act in his place. One death had occurred in the ranks of 
the itinerants, that of Samuel M'Clung of Kinsale, who as the 
end approached was enabled to " rejoice with joy unspeakable and 
full of glory." Although there was a decrease in the membership 
of nearly eight hundred, the reports from the circuits and 
missions indicated much prosperity, which is alluded to in the 
Pastoral Address thus : " We have much pleasure in communicat- 
ing to you the cheering intelligence that during the past year 
God has graciously visited several portions of our field of labour 
with copious outpourings of His Spirit. He has in numerous 
instances given testimony to the word of His grace ; and many, 
both young and old, have been enabled to believe to the saving 
of their souls. It affords us peculiar satisfaction, as we are 
persuaded it will you, that our missionary department has largely 
partaken of this prosperity." Amongst the places thus favoured 
from on High were Kinsale, Aughnacloy, Cookstown, and Bally- 
jamesduff; and amongst those converted at Aughnacloy was a 
young man named Thomas Abraham, who subsequently entered 
the itinerancy. 

Of the cause in the metropoUs at >^;nft ^t^A '^^ "^^^ 



206 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

George Vance, D.D., then stationed in Dublin, says, "The city- 
formed but one circuit, with four ministers, two of whom were 
married. The superintendent and one of the young men resided 
in Abbey street, and the other two in Whitefriar street. Preach- 
ing services were held at Whitefriar street. Abbey street, and 
Gravel walk, at seven on Sunday mornings. Most of the classes 
met after these services. Whitefriar street was distinguished in 
those days for the interest taken in the early services. Judge 
Crampton and Mrs. Grampton were often present. It was 
refreshing to look at the large numbers that crowded up the 
stairs, and waited in the lobby for the singing of a hymn, before 
repairing to their several class-rooms. We had noon and evening 
ser\'ices in Abbey street, Cork street, Eanelagh, and Ringsend ; 
also a Sunday service in Richmond and Poolbeg streets. Local 
preachers shared in conducting some of these ; but it was a rare 
thing for one of the regular ministers to have an opportunity of 
hearing a sermon, except in Abbey street at noon, where, owing 
to the Church service being read, two attended, one of whom 
acted as clerk. Abbey street was the attractive centre for the 
noon service, and there was always a very large attendance. The 
evening service of greatest importance was at Whitefriar street. 
Each of the three principal chapels had preaching services on 
Monday and Thursday evenings, after which classes met. Ranelagh, 
Cork street, Ringsend, Richmond, Donnybrook, Island-bridge, 
and Poolbeg street had also each one. The preachers' classes met 
in Whitefriar street and in Abbey street, on Tuesdays and 
Thursdays. A prayer-meeting was held in the lobby in each 
place for half an hour, after which the classes met. These prayer- 
meetings were often attended by persons who were not members. 
The preachers' meeting was held weekly in Abbey street, and the 
leaders' meeting on Friday night in Whitefriar street. The 
attendance was generally good. The Strangers* Friend Society 
had an importance in those days beyond what it possesses now. 
It may have been questionable work for its members, but it so 
occurred that at its weekly meetings, together with reporting 
cases for visitation, preaching and prayer-meeting appointments 
were arranged and recorded. Once a month, on a Sunday, a 
breakfast was held, each member being privileged to invite two 
friends; and the great interest oi t\ie h^^^Wtl^ Va.'^ m a conversa- 



CHAPTER XXI. — 1840. 297 

tion on a passage of Scripture which had been selected for 
exposition by some member at the previous meeting. It was 
quite a treat to listen to the Rev. William Ferguson, who in his 
day might well be called the Nestor of the Irish Conference, Dr. 
Power, Charles Shaw, Frank White, Arthur Jones, and others 
give their ripe views of the subject under discussion. The writer 
of this reminiscence recollects vividly the reluctance which was 
often observed in the Sunday-school superintendents or teachers 
who had to hasten away, and the feeling of regret was general 
when the hour for the noon services had come and the meeting 
had to be closed. The influence of these monthly breakfasts on 
the social life of Methodism in Dublin was very marked, and as 
they were most profitable, and calculated to promote the social 
life of the Church, it is to be regretted they were ever discon- 
tinued." The old chapel at Gravel-walk having been pulled down, 
a new building was erected, and was opened by the Rev. George 
B. Macdonald. 

The Rev. William P. Appelbe was sent as the junior preacher 
to Limerick, and naturally felt rather nervous in going to the 
circuit, as the surrounding country was in a very disturbed state, 
and as the Rev. John Howe, the previous superintendent, had died 
there of heart disease, supposed to have been superinduced by 
fright and serious injury, sustained when attacked by some 
ruflfians and thrown out of his gig. However, the Lord mercifully 
preserved His servant from harm and blessed him in his work. 
Amongst others converted was a young man who subsequently 
entered the ministry of the Established Church, and settled in 
Bath. He writes, " Dr. Appelbe was, in the most absolute sense 
of the word, my spiritual father. When I was about seventeen, 
one Sunday afternoon, on my way home from church, I, with 
others, turned into the room to hear the new preacher from 
Limerick. He stood behind a table, and I sat on the form next 
to the table. His text was, * Redeeming the time, because the 
days are evil.' Had he delivered the same truths apart from his 
peculiar energy, probably it would not have aflFected me so much ; 
but both together, the awfully solemn truths and the extra- 
ordinary energy of the preacher, completely broke me down ; tears 
flowed from my eyes, and I buried my face in my handkerchife£. 
I surrendered my heart to God that day,y>\xk!^ \Jda '&wsv^^i^^'«xv^ 



298 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

heard Mr. Appelbe on every subsequent occasion when he visited 
Adare during the ensuing three years. In a short time I obtained 
the witness of the Spirit. My sister obtained the blessing of 
sanctification under his ministry, and for more than forty years 
has walked in the light of God's countenance." * 

The Revs. James B. Gillman and Fossey Tackaberry were 
appointed to Cork. The first impressions of the latter were not 
the most favourable. He writes, " I fancy this a stiflF enough soil 
for revival operations. I like the city in many respects. We 
have a lovely chapel. The Sunday evening congregations are 
from two hundred and fifty to two hundred and ninety. The 
country is rough enough. Splendid ground to which to send a 
dandy preacher!" However, soon prospects began to brighten, 
and the devoted evangelist says, " Our Sunday congregations are 
noble. The last four or five weeks they have averaged from seven 
to eight hundred. I held prayer-meetings on the last two Sunday 
nights ; about thirty or forty came forward as penitents, and some 
professed to receive peace with God each evening. The leaders 
are in good tone and hope for a revival, and I hope so too. Our 
Society here is not half so large as in Belfast, but there are several 
fine old Christians in it. I have met with some noble women, 
especially in the classes of Mr. James Field, who is a very un- 
common man. Withal, we have no such material here as on my 
last circuit. Popery abounds everywhere, and consequently the 
wickedness of the people is awful. You would think the devil 
himself was in them. Cursing, brawling, and fighting on every 
hand. And anything to equal the lower orders for lying and 
cheating I never met before, and indeed had no notion of until 
now. Amongst the Protestants, High-Churchism is very pre- 
valent, and our own Society is pretty well leavened with such 
predilections. However, these things, it is likely, appear to me in 
a stronger light, being just fresh from Belfast." In September 
Mr. Tackaberry thus describes his impressions as to persons and 
things : " Mr. Gillman, so far as I can judge, is a very superior 
man, amiable and unostentatious. His principle appears to be of 
the highest order ; his piety is much deeper than I had previously 
supposed ; and even were it otherwise, he could do nothing low or 
mean. As a preacher I believe we have not his equal in the 

♦ Crook's Memorial ot Dr. Xpv^Wjft, v^. ^^— &1, 



CHAPTER XXI. — 1840. 299 

Irish Conference. We have a very un-every-day character among 
us in Mr. James Field. He has four classes, containing one 
hundred members, and although very infirm on his feet, looks 
well after them. He is a man of strong sense, has read a good 
deal, has enjoyed the blessing of perfect love with little inter- 
mission for thirty-five years, speaks of it on all occasions, drives 
faith to the very edge of Solifidianism, and piety to the verge of 
Antinomianism, yet never crosses the line. He wields a powerful 
influence deservedly here ; all respect him, and all who are good 
love him." Amongst the members of Society in the city was a 
young man of sixteen, James C. Bass, who in the May previous 
had laid hold by faith on Christ as his Saviour, was greatly blessed 
at the services conducted by Messrs. Gillman and Tackaberry, and 
was thus prepared for his subsequent career of usefulness as a 
Methodist minister. 

The Rev. Edward M. Banks was stationed for a second year in 
Tralee. Here he took in Kells a coastguard station, on a narrow 
sandy beach, in former times celebrated for smuggling; and 
finding an opening in Caherciveen, seven miles distant, he entered 
it, and had the honour of preaching the first Methodist sermon in 
that town. 

The Bevs, Thomas Meredith and Gibson M'Millen were sent 
to Londonderry, where the self-denying and earnest efforts of the 
latter, more especially in connection with a field-meeting, were 
such as to bring on an attack of typhus fever — the only illness, 
except the last, in his career — and his life was despaired of. God, 
however, assured him, in a dream, that he would not die then, but 
be spared for years afterwards, and thus it proved.* 

The Bevs. William Reilly and Joseph W. M'Kay were ap- 
pointed to Portadown, where they found a fine field for missionary 
labour. The town itself was " rich in piety, gifts, and wealth," 
including amongst its worthies the Shillingtons, Stanleys, 
Cowdys, Pauls, Montgomerys, and many others remarkable for 
their solid piety and warm attachment to Methodism. The 
Shillingtons were noble specimens of wisdom, godUness, and 
unswerving attachment to the Church of their father. Mrs. 
Cowdy was a lady of good sense and firm belief in Methodist 
doctrinal teaching, with more than ordinary ability to defend it. 

* Irish JSvangOUty V^%, p. ^\^. 



300 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

A local clergyman who was a strong advocate for baptismal 
regeneration and apostolic succession once tried his logical powers 
on her, but was soon silenced, and never made the attempt again. 
"Mr. William Paul," says Reilly, "exceeded any one I had 
known in his spirit and power in prayer ; and, oh, how rich and 
copious were his quotations from Scripture and our hjrmns!" 
It is no wonder that with such leaders the prayer-meetings were 
frequently accompanied with glorious manifestations of the 
Divine presence and power. The country districts were remarkable 
for their simplicity, lively, earnest piety, and, in some instances, 
ignorance of the pleasures of the world. Thus one evening a 
young preacher having denounced prevalent vices, including the 
" sports of the turf,'' the question subsequently arose in a rustic 
gathering what he meant. " Oh," said one, " the pleasure of 
sitting round a good fire on a winter's night ! " " No," said 
another, " it is the sport which boys and girls have in the bog 
when cutting turf ; " while a third affirmed, " It must be cutting 
turf unknown'st, when the landlord has forbidden it ! " At Scotch 
street there was a nice chapel, which had been built four 
years ; and in the neighbourhood was the residence of Mr. William 
Lock, who, when a boy, had often accompanied Mr, Wesley 
round the country, and helped him to sing. There was a lively 
people in the district surrounding this favourite retreat. At 
Ballymagemy there was a large preaching-house, erected about 
twenty-six years, and a good Sunday-morning congregation, the 
service in the evening being held at Loughgall. The Robb 
family resided at Derrybrughas, and were " a worthy and steady 
race." Robert Groan and his household were " head-and-hand 
Methodists," in whose granary quarterly lovefeasts were held, 
and who ever received their friends and other members with the 
most generous hospitality.* 

The Rev. John Armstrong was stationed in Lurgan. There 
he was asked by Mr. George Ruddell, one of the leading Methodists 
on the circuit, if he would have any objection to his lending his 
store to the parish priest to hold a Temperance meeting in it. 
" Certainly not," said Mr. Armstrong. " But," inquired the other, 
"will you come and help at it?" "Yes," replied the devoted 
itinerant. " I'd help the Pope of Rome to banish drunkenness 

♦ Unpublished papers ot tYie Be^ . 'VVWvwa 'ftiwXVj , 



CHAPTBB XXI. — 1840. 



301 



out of the land ! " The meeting was held, a large audience, 
consisting of people of the diflferent local religious denominations, 
assembled, two priests and the Methodist preachers delivered 
addresses, and " lasting good was done." 

During the autumn several new Primitive Wesleyan chapels 
were opened. One of these was at New Soss, on September 6th, 
when sermons were preached by Mr. George Revington, and the 
collections were upwards of £20, the cost of the building being 
about £300. A second of these new erections was in the midst 
of a Protestant colony at Kilmeage, in the county of Kildare. 
It cost £280, was opened on October 25th, by Mr. Bevington, 
and the sum of £21 was contributed. The third new preaching- 
house was at Moneymore, where twenty years previously a chapel 
had been erected, but was blown down by the storm in January, 
1839. The Drapers' Company of London now rebuilt this on a 
different plan and in a more permanent manner. On the ground 
floor there were apartments for a local preacher, to whom £10 
per annum was allowed by the Company, and on the first floor a 
room was fitted up for public services. This edifice was opened 
for religious worship by Mr. Edward Addy, on Sunday, November 
8th ; the circimistances excited a good deal of interest, and many 
attended the service.* 

♦ Primitive Wetleyan Methodist Magazine^ 1840, pp. 464-67. 



CHAPTEE XXII. 
1841. 

At the Primitive Wesleyan Conference of 1840 Messrs. William 
Craig and Charles Grraham were appointed to the Charlemont 
circuit, and in a spirit of fall consecration entered heartily 
into their work. In order to secure the co-operation of the 
leaders, they convened them in band-meetings, spoke freely 
with them upon the subject of Christian experience, and made 
arrangements for the more efficient carrying on of Christian work. 
In November lovefeasts were held in various parts of the circuity 
and were greatly acknowledged of the Lord. At one of these 
several persons came forward seeking the pardoning mercy of God, 
and amongst others a man of four-score years old, who had long 
sat "in the seat of the scornful," and to the wonder of his 
acquaintances, was enabled to rejoice in the Divine favour. The 
Christmas services, together with the quarterly and watch-night 
meetings, were also much blessed, many persons being awakened 
to a sense of their danger and enabled to believe unto salvation. 
At a missionary meeting in Dungorman the Holy Spirit was 
poured out in a remarkable manner; the concluding prayer- 
meeting was continued until near midnight ; thirty-nine persons 
knelt around the platform seeking remission of their sins, and 
ten professed to have received the blessing. Eight or ten leaders 
in the neighbourhood of Tullyroan then resolved that after 
meeting their classes on the Sunday mornings, and holding 
prayer-meetings in the afternoons, to hold united evening services 
in succession through diflferent parts of their neighbourhood. At 
the first of these general meetings many were cut to the heart, 
and seven brought into Gospel liberty. This, however, was 
Gn\y the beginning of good days. The services were continued 
with inoreasing succesB for mont\i&) Wi^t^ ^«a not a barren 



OHAPTEB XXII. — 1841. 808 

meeting, and on an average eight or ten persons every Sabbath 
found peace with God. In February, 1841, five lovefeasts 
were held, in different parts of the circuit, and proved a great 
blessing. At Dungannon, after the meeting had continued for 
three hours, it was dismissed ; but several persons cried out 
through the disquietude of their hearts, and would not depart 
until they found rest in Christ. The leaders at Killyman and 
Derryadd followed the example of their brethren at Tullyroan, 
and with similar results ; but even greater success attended the 
labours of a few young men from Dungannon and two or three 
leaders from the neighbourhood of Castlecaulfield. Thus Grlena- 
dush, Glonmain, Lisnamonaghan, Ardress, Derryscollop, and 
Aghinlig in succession shared in the showers of blessing that 
refreshed and blessed the country.* 

The Primitive Wesleyan Society at Cootehill having for years 
laboured under serious inconvenience for want of a suitable place 
in which to conduct religious services, the lack was at length 
supplied. A valuable site was secured, on which a neat and 
commodious house was erected, at a cost of about £420, and the 
opening service was conducted by Mr. Dawson D. Heather, who 
preached an excellent and appropriate sermon to a numerous 
audience. The collection, including what was obtained by the 
sale of tickets, amounted to £20.t 

Mr. Samuel Larminie was stationed on the Youghal mission, 
to which, it is said, he had gone with many misgivings, as it 
was his first time for engaging in Christian work in the south. 
His fears, however, were groundless. Although he met with 
much opposition from the Bomish priests and their abetters, none 
of these things moved him ; he manfully took up his cross, in the 
public streets, fairs, and markets, boldly proclaimed Jesus Christ 
as — 

*' The only name to sinners given 
Which lifts poor dying worms to heaven/' 

and the Lord did not suffer His servant to labour in vain or 
spend his strength for nought, for he had many souls for his hire. 
Large numbers of Roman Catholics " heard the word with glad- 
ness," not a few of whom were delivered from the thraldom by 

* PHmitive Wesleyan Methodist ifaga«iiie,\.%W,v^^'^V^^« 
t Ihid, 1841, p. 313. 



304 BISTORT OF METHODISM. 

which they had been enslaved; and many Protestants who had 
been living "without God in the world" were led to see the 
error of their ways, and to seek and find redemption through the 
blood of Christ, even the forgiveness of sins.* 

At the Wesleyan Methodist March quarterly meeting held 
in Belfast it was resolved to recommend the Conference to divide 
the circuit into two parts; that the following preaching-places 
should belong to the South circuit : Donegal square, Wesley place, 
Willowvale, Malone, Drum, Finaghy, Falls, Milltown, and White- 
rock ; and the following to the North circuit : Frederick street, 
Ballymacarret, Lagan village. Bridge-end, Knock, Castlereagh, 
Holywood, Whitehouse, Ligoniel, and Ballygomartin. Arrange- 
ments were also made for securing a site for the erection of a new 
chapel at Ligoniel ; and in the succeeding month a building 
committee was formed to carry out the project, which was com- 
pleted in the following year. 

Leave having been given by the Conference for the sale of the 
Wesleyan chapel at Bushmills, erected in 1826, and the building 
of a new edifice, this house was in due time completed, chiefly 
through the exertions of the Rev. William A. Darby, and set 
apart for the worship of God. Many changes took place subse- 
quently in the Society, and greatly lessened the number of 
members ; but one poor man remained faithful to the good cause, 
even when left alone. Being deprived of sight, he was called 
Blind Bob. He was truly pious, and the accounts he gave at the 
lovefeasts of his religious experience have been vividly remem- 
bered by those who were present and still survive. Very numerous 
and marked were the answers to prayer that he received. Thus 
on one occasion, when very destitute, and laying his case earnestly 
before the throne of grace, a visitor to the Causeway happened to 
pass and overhear the prayer, and thus became so deeply interested 
in the poor man that, on returning home, he sent him £3, which 
more than supplied all his then temporal needs. 

The congregations in Newry having become too large for the 
old Wesleyan chapel, built in 1786, it was resolved that a new 
building should be erected. Accordingly an excellent site having 
been secured, and the consent of Conference obtained, the project 
was arried out, and the opening services were conducted by the 



OHAPrKR xxn. — 1841. 805 

Bev. Robert Young. He writes from the town, in a letter dated 
April 20th, 1841, " I arrived here on Saturday evening, preached 
twice on Sunday, and again last evening. The chapel is a 
beautiful one, elegant in its simplicity. The congregations were 
good ; indeed, the house was filled. The collections on Sabbath 
were £45, proceeds of sale of tickets £30, and extraordinary con- 
tributions obtained at a tea-meeting yesterday afternoon £60. A 
very gracious influence attended the services, and about twenty 
penitents professed to have obtained salvation. The firiends have 
prevailed with me to remain over to-day, and preach again this 
evening." * 

During the spring of this year, in connection with the annual 
missionary services, was held the first missionary breakfast-meeting 
in Bandon. There had been previously at least two breakfast- 
meetings in the town. One was in January, 1838, for the con- 
sideration of the spiritual and financial state of the Society. The 
other was in August, 1840, to make a presentation to the Rev. 
Thomas Waugh on his leaving the circuit ; but now, apparently 
for the first time, this deeply interesting and popular service was 
associated with the cause of missions. There was a large debt 
due by the Society, and this meeting was held evidently to assist 
in removing this burden. Although the circuit raised nearly one 
hundred and fifty pounds during the year for the Mission Fund, 
in response to this special appeal £52 188. 6d. was subscribed in 
addition ; and the meeting proved so interesting that it became a 
regular annual institution, no expense or labour being spared by 
the members of the Society to make it in every way as interesting 
and attractive as possible. 

At Cork Mr. James Salter was the leading office-bearer of the 
Society, and one greatly respected and beloved; but he and 
several other members unfortunately got hold of the idea that 
they could better their circumstances by emigrating. Accord- 
ingly, having commissioned a friend to purchase some land for 
them in New Zealand, which he did, Messrs. Salter, John Wilkin- 
son, and George Stannard, with their families, in all twenty-twa 
persons, embarked for the country of their adoption, to the serious 
loss of Methodism in Cork. They reached Auckland in safety, and 
thence, finding no other way of getting to their des tinatjqPL ^ 

♦ Unpublished letter to lYie Biot. T, ^ w^igsi* 
VOL, in "^ 



306 HISTORY OF HETH0DI8M. 

Kaipara, chartered a brig to convey them. They called in at the 
Bay of Islands, where Mr. Stannard resolved to proceed overland, 
and on completing his journey learned, to his dismay, that the 
vessel had been wrecked, and all his friends, except one little boy, 
drowned. It appeared that the boat had struck on some quick- 
sands, that then Mr. Salter had called his family and friends 
around him in the saloon, and that there, knee-deep in water, he 
had commended them all to God, while one after another they 
were swept away by the rolling waves. Mr. Stannard was received 
into the staflF of the Methodist mission, and in it subsequently did 
a noble work for Christ in New Zealand. 

At the annual missionary meeting in Exeter Hall, London, 
Ireland had an unusually large number of representatives. The 
chair was occupied by James Emerson Tennent, Esq., M.P. for 
Belfast, and speeches were delivered by representatives in Parlia- 
ment of the counties of Donegal and Londonderry and the 
boroughs of Coleraine and Bandon, as well as by the Rev. James 
B. Gillman ; and by each of these eloquent speakers strong and 
grateful testimony was borne to the important and valued work 
done by Irish Methodism, notwithstanding serious and powerful 
obstacles. " Truth, " said Mr. Gillman, " is prevailing, although 
comparatively slowly, and there is a shaking in the minds of the 
people of Ireland. They feel the foundation on which they have 
so long rested is not that stable foundation which they had been 
led to suppose it was ; and were it not for priestly influence, many 
of them would come over to us. Many leave Ireland for the sake 
of being Protestants. They come to England that they may be 
Protestants, and they go to America that they may be Pro- 
testants. We trust, however, that the period is not far distant 
when men may become Protestants in Ireland without fear of 
molestation." 

The Rev. William Cooke had now been four years superin- 
tendent of the Irish missions of the New Connexion, and they 
rapidly extended and grew in strength during his sway. The 
earnest spirit of co-operation infused into them by his intrepid 
enterprise appeared in substantial results. New chapels were 
built in BeljEwt, Newtownards, Priesthill, and Dromore. Mission- 
aries were stationed in Cork, Limerick, Waterford, and the Isle 
ofArran, where the Gospel was pie2Lc\i^ m ^Xi^ Irish language. 



CHAPTER XXIL — 1841. 307 

Industrial schools were also established in connection with some 
of these missions. In addition to the above places, missions were 
opened in Dublin, Dromore, Gralway, Ballyclare, and Lurgan. 
The number of missionaries employed was increased from nine to 
eighteen, and the membership rose from nine hundred and 
seventy-one to fourteen hundred and one. 

The annual meeting of the Wesleyan Methodist Conference 
was held in Cork, and commenced on June 25th. The Bev. 
Robert Newton presided, and he was accompanied by the Bev. 
John Bowers. Bobert A. Devers, a native of Camdonagh, was 
received as having travelled twelve months, and seven candidates 
were admitted on trial. These included John Oliver and Anketell 
M. Henderson of the Castleblayney circuit, William Gibson of 
Belfast, Bobert G. Gather, and Wallace M'Mullen. Two super- 
numerary ministers had finished their course during the year- 
Michael Murphy of Dublin, and John Wilson of MuUahead, near 
Tanderagee. Although nearly one thousand members had 
emigrated, there was a net increase in the membership reported 
of two hundred and twenty-one. When the stations, as arranged 
by the Committee, were brought into the Conference, they were 
read twice and then confirmed without a single alteration. The 
Bev. Henry Price was elected junior representative to the British 
Conference. The public religious services were attended by 
large and attentive congregations, and the Divine blessing 
descended on the people. On June 29th Mr. Newton writes, 
^' Last Sabbath was a day to be remembered. I preached in the 
morning, and Mr. Bowers in the evening. The Patrick street 
chapel could not contain the multitudes that came together. 
Wesleyan Methodism now commands the attention of the public 
in a way that it never did before. I have this evening to 
conduct the solemn ordination service, and to-morrow evening to 
deliver the charge."* 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference commenced on June 30th, 
with the examination of the characters of the preachers ; and on 
the following day, when joined by the lay representatives, the 
general business began with the re-election of the Vice-president 
and Secretary of the previous year. The Bev. Adam Averell was 
present afterwards, although in his eighty-eighth yaar^ ajod ^^ \& 

. ♦ Life ot the Rev, Di. lil^Nvtou, v* ^V 



308 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

said, ^^ His address after taking the chair, as well as his sub- 
sequent prayers and counsels, will not soon be forgotten by those 
who were present." Five candidates were received on trial. These 
included John Wilson of the Ballyshannon circuit, Robert Kerr 
of Lettan near Tempo, William Robinson of the Newtownstewart 
circuit, and Thomas C. Maguire. Two brethren had died during 
the year, the venerable James Peacock and the youthful Guy 
Cunningham, and each had passed hence in holy triumph. 
Although there was a decrease in the membership of six hundred 
and forty-one, it was ascribed wholly to emigration, and the state 
of the Connexion was considered sound and healthy. 

About two months later the preaching-house in Donegal place, 
Belfest, was completed, being the twelth Methodist chapel erected 
in the town. It and the adjoining premises cost upwards of 
£4,000, towards which £1,000 was contributed from the Centenary 
Fund. The opening service was held on Sunday afternoon, 
September 19th, and was conducted by the Rev. Adam Averell 
and Mr. George Robinson, the latter preaching from Romans 
iii. 24 — 27. Mr. George Revington discoursed in the evening, 
from Psalm Ixvii. 1, 2 ; and on each occasion it was estimated 
that not less than fifteen hundred persons were present. At 
the close of the afternoon service the Sunday-school scholars 
and their teachers walked in procession from the preaching-house. 
Academy street, to Donegal place, and took possession of the 
school-room underneath the chapel, as their new quarters. On 
Monday evening a public meeting was held, at which addresses 
were delivered by Messrs. Averell, Revington, Robinson, and 
Heather ; and on the following Sunday sermons were preached 
by Messrs. Stephenson and M'Fann. The collections, includ- 
ing proceeds of the sale of admission cards, amounted to 
£210 128. 4d.* A considerable portion of the balance was subse- 
quently collected by Mr. Heather in America. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Society in Dublin, as well as the 
Connexion in general, sustained a very serious loss by the death of 
Isaac D'Olier, Esq., LL.D., one of the treasurers of the Missionary 
Fund. In early life a contemporary and acquaintance of Wesley 
and Fletcher, he partook of their spirit, embraced their theologi- 
cal views, and identified himself heartily with their followers. 



CHAPTER XXII. — 1841. 309 

In him the preachers found a wise counsellor and kind friend, the 
poor a cheerful giver, and the Connexional funds a generous 
supporter. About ten days before his death, on his medical atten- 
dants leaving his room, he asked his wife, daughter of Mr. Henry 
Brooke, if they thought he would recover. She answered, " No," 
and he immediately clasped his hands and exclaimed, '^ Thank 
God ! thank God ! It is the best news I ever heard." A short 
time before the end came, he requested his wife to speak to him. 
She said, ** My dear, Jesus is waiting with outstretched arms to 
receive you!" and he added, "Jesus, my loving Advocate," pressed 
her hand, and passed into the more immediate presence of the 
Saviour whom he loved. 

The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry was appointed superintendent of 
the Cork circuit, with the Rev. John Greer as his colleague, and 
entered on his work with renewed consecration to the service of 
God ; but he little knew the severe domestic trials he was about 
to endure. The Conference had only a little more than concluded 
when the city elections commenced, and were accompanied with 
serious riots. Mr. Tackaberry writes, "George's street was 
crowded, nor was it safe to walk through it ; the excitement was 
fearful. I saw men throw stones at the police again and again, 
and even at the sheriff while reading the Riot Act. Several 
persons were insulted, amongst whom was Mr. Price, one of our 
preachers, who was followed by a mob, and would have been 
severely handled had he not obtained a place of security." Some 
members of the Merciful Society, when on their way to one of 
their meetings, were pursued by a mob, and fled for refuge to 
the minister's residence. Here they were followed, the door was 
burst open, the house searched, and nearly all the glass in front 
smashed. Of course Mrs. Tackaberry and the children were 
greatly frightened — on the following morning a little boy died, 
and in about two months his mother followed him to the world 
of spirits, the death of each being at least hastened by the fright 
they had received. 

The following is Mr. Tackaberry's account of the end of his 
son : " We had no child at James's age who gave similar indica- 
tions of talent, or attracted the same notice as he did. The last 
conversation I had with him relative to religion was on Sunday. 
He asked me to take him in my axm^ mA "^^Sa. ^Jckfc ^ssswo^ ^>5^ 



810 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

him. I did so, and asked him shoald I sing a hymn for him. 
' Yes, papa, sing. There is a land of pure delight ! ' After I had 
sung a verse or two, he inquired, ' Papa, is the Jordan a real river ? 
Is there water in it ? ' I told him it was a real river, that Grod's 
people, who had left Egypt and been in the wilderness, had to 
cross it before they could go into Canaan ; but the Jordan we had 
to cross was death ; that Jesus, who loved us, would meet us there, 
and that then we would go to be with Him in heaven. I asked 
him, * Do you understand me, James ? ' He looked up with anima- 
tion, and answered with considerable energy, * I do, papa ; I do 
understand you, and I wish I was crossing Jordan now.' I 
answered, * My dear, it is not far oflF; you will soon cross it; you 
will soon be with Jesus.' This morning he asked 'me to give him 
a drink and to lay him by mamma in her bed. I did so, attended 
the half-past six o'clock meeting, and afterwards, -while in my 
study, Eliza ran down and told me he was dying. He sank 
rapidly. We knelt round his bed, and said as we could, ' The 
Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name 
of the Lord!" 

The Revs. William Gr. Campbell and Robert Hewitt were 
stationed on the Galway mission, where their labours were greatly 
blessed. The former writes, in a letter dated December 18th, 
" You will rejoice to hear that a glorious displayjof Divine power 
has been vouchsafed to us in this town for the last four weeks, 
during which about one hundred persons have professed to have 
obtained the ' knowledge of salvation by the remission of sins.' 
The work still goes on, and we hope it will spread through the 
whole town. Already some of the most notoriougly wicked charac- 
ters have sought and found mercy. Our Society is increased 
five-fold. My colleague labours faithfully, and so do all the class- 
leaders." * Amongst those converted was a lad of eleven years of 
age, George Alley, who has subsequently proved such an earnest 
and successful Christian minister. He was bom at Ballinasloe, 
and on the death of his father removed to Galway to reside with 
his brother, Mr. William N. Alley. George was brought under 
deep conviction of sin at a service held by Mr. Campbell, and at 
a prayer-meeting, on a Sunday evening, earnestly sought, but did 
not find the Saviour. On the following morning the missionary 



CHAPTEB xxn. — 1841. 311 

happened to breakfiEist with the Alleys, and while conducting 
family worship great power came down, and then the heart of 
the lad was filled with peace and joy. While yet a boy he com- 
menced to hold meetings for youths of about his own age, and 
not without success. Subsequently, in several surrounding coast- 
guard stations, he found another sphere of Christian work, and 
at one of them preached his first sermon from 1 Timothy i. 15, 
being thus prepared for a wider field of usefulness. 

Mr. Hewitt on one occasion, when about half-way between Tuam 
and Castlereagh, having called at a public-house to feed his horse, 
asked the owner if he ever thought of death, and how he felt at 
the prospect of it. "I feel awfully afraid," the man replied, 
"because I don't know where I'll go then. Some say there is 
a place called heaven, and a place called hell, and a place called 
purgatory ; but for my part I don't know of any such place, for 
I have never been there." " Did you ever meet with an old book 
called the Bible," inquired the missionary, " that gives information 
about heaven and hell ? " " Never, sir." " Did you never hear of 
the blessed Saviour, who came into the world to die for sinners ? " 
" No." " Have you not heard of the blessed Virgin Mary's Son ? " 
" Oh, yes, I know her very well." " As you have no knowledge of 
Jesus, if you could get this old book it would tell you all about 
Him." "Perhaps, sir, you could get me that book." "I am 
sorry I have not a copy with me that I can part with ; but I will 
give you a recipe out of it, to cure the fear of death." " The 
Lord bless you, sir." Mr. Hewitt then wrote on a piece of paper, 
in Irish, " God, pardon all my sins, for the sake of the blood of 
Jesus Christ," and handing it, said, " You must say these words 
on your knees three times every day till I see you again ; and if 
you say them every hour, so much the better." " The Lord bless 
you, sir," said the man, " and I will ; but I fear TU forget them. 
My daughter has a fine memory ; I'll call her out, and she'll put 
me in mind of them." The daughter came, read the prayer, and 
said she would remember it. When the time for the missionary's 
return came round, and he approached the place, the man met 
him on the road, and taking ofi" his hat, waved it over his head, 
shouting, " I'm cured ! I'm cured ! " " Has the recipe done you 
any good ? " inquired Mr. Hewitt. " It has cured me, so that I 
would not be afraid to die any mmu\/^) uol Si \ "toa y^^ ^^^^ "^ 



312 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

drop down dead at your horse's feet." " How is that ? " " Well, 
about a week agone I was minding the cows, and I was repeatin* 
it, and repeat in' it, and me lying up again the ditch. At last I 
thought it was wrong to be saying such fine words in that way, so 
I turned upon my knees and began to say them. While I was 
repeatin' it I got a stroke at my heart and fell on my face. I 
could not tell how long I was there, but when I came to I could 
say nothing but * Glory, glory, glory be to God ! ' If I had wings 
I would have flew away to God Almighty. Ever since that I'm 
not afraid to die at any hour, night or morning. But, sir, my 
wife is dying ; would you come in and see her ? " The missionary 
^jonsented, and on entering the house of the dying woman, said, 
"**You seem very ill. You are going to take a long journey. 
Where are you going ? " "I don't know, sir." " Is it not a 
dangerous thing to enter on such a journey and not to know 
where you are going ? " " Oh, it is, sir ! " ** Your husband says 
he is not afraid to die, because he is sure of heaven. The recipe 
that cured him of the fear of death will cure you." " Oh, sir," 
said she, " the husband I used to have was the cursingest, swear- 
ingest, drunkenest, wickedest man in all the country ! he would 
knock the children and servants about, and we were all afraid of 
him ; but the one I have now is the quietest, easiest, nicest man 
you ever saw." " When did that change take place ? " " Just about 
a week agone, when he came home from the cows, those inside 
ran to hide, as they used to do ; but he came in so easy, they 
hardly knew him, and he sat on a chair so nice, not saying a word. 
Ever since he is just like a little child." Mr. Hewitt urged her 
to use the same recipe which had proved so effectual in the cure 
of her husband, and having commended her to God, went on his 
way rejoicing, followed by the old man's earnest benediction. 

The Rev. William Reilly of Portadown had the Rev. Robert 
G. Gather as his colleague, whom he describes as '^ a kind, tender 
young man, who laboured with great cordiality and not without 
success. He had popular talents, but preached too long, and 
sometimes a characteristic failure of memory was seen in his 
ministrations." The Rev. John Armstrong occasionally came over 
from Lurgan. One Monday morning he called on Mr. Reilly and 
said^ " I understand you preached a good sermon at the lovefeast 
yesterday J but it was a little on tYie long «vd^, ^^a ^o\\x^ generally 



CHAPTBB XXII. — 1841. 313 

are." " I do not think that," replied Mr. Eeilly. " In general 
my sermons are not very long ; they occupy only about forty-five 
or fifty minutes." " But," continued Mr. Armstrong, " my very 
best sermons I preach in forty minutes." At public meetings he 
generally displayed his peculiar tact, acuteness, and humour in 
reviewing the preceding speeches and speakers, thus : " There is 
Mr. T., the senior deputation, with his plain matters of fact. 
Brother Atkins you would know from his classic style was at the 
Institution. Brother M'Kay comes unmistakably from the pious 
people of Portadown. And when brother W. got up he said he 
belonged to the heavy horse — heavy enough indeed ! " * 

Mr. Alexander Crookshank, who had conducted the legal pro- 
ceedings for the Wesleyan Society in 1817, having subsequently 
lived in Canada for a number of years, now, with his family,t 
returned to Ireland and settled in Belfast. The voyage was 
perilous and protracted, lasting for a month and sixteen days. 
Once the ship was water-logged for thirteen hours, having ten 
men constantly working at the pumps, and the water hourly 
increasing. At length the captain stated that if it rose another 
foot the pumping must be given up, the ship should be left to 
the winds and waves, and every one on board would be lashed to 
the rigging until taken up by some passing vessel. Horrified at 
the prospect of the privations and suflFering involved in this, Mr. 
Crookshank said, " There is hope yet ; one anchor remains," and 
had recourse to prayer. While thus pleading with God, He made 
bare His arm, the storm ceased, the wind changed, and the ship 
heaved over to the other side. Thus the leak was discovered and 
repaired, and in a short time the travellers, with a favourable 
breeze, were again under way. " Oh that men would praise the 
Lord for His goodness, and for His wonderful works to the 
children of men ! " 

During the session of the British Conference in Manchester, 
an American Methodist preacher, James Caughey, a native of 
Ireland, arrived in the city, and became acquainted with several 
of the ministers, including the Revs. Thomas Waugh and 
William Stewart. The former, on learning that the stranger 
intended to visit his native land, gave him a letter of introduction 

* Unpnblished papers of the Bev. W. ReilLy. 

t Including the present writer, tYieii a^Miy ^^^ ^«»s% ^^ 



314 HISTOBT OF MBTHODISH. 

to the Irish Wesleyan ministers. Following what he believed to 
be his providential course, Mr. Caughey sailed for Dublin, where 
he was cordially welcomed by the ministers, and invited to preach 
in Gravel walk, or as it was then called, Hendrick street chapel, 
on the following Sabbath morning, August 8th. Here, then, for 
the first time, he preached in Europe, selecting for his text, 
" The hour is come." The congregation was small ; however, the 
sermon was accompanied with a gracious influence, and produced 
some excitement among the hearers, so that while he hastened 
away to Abbey street chapel to receive the sacrament, some of 
the chief members consulted together, and despatched two of 
their number to request him to preach again at night. He 
consented, on condition that it would be agreeable to the resident 
ministers. Permission was readily given, and that night the 
evangelist discoursed again, with a good degree of liberty, to a 
large congregation. Such was the effect produced that it was 
resolved to hold special services during the week, to promote a 
revival of the work of God. Mr. Caughey agreed to preach four 
nights; but at the close of these services the oflScials found 
themselves surrounded with weeping penitents, sinners being 
daily converted to God. The meetings were therefore continued 
for four weeks. A select meeting was then appointed for the 
young converts, and one hundred and thirty persons came 
forward and testified that God, for Christ's sake, had pardoned 
all their sins. When the Rev. Thomas Waugh, the superintendent 
of the circuit, returned from England, and saw the amazing work 
of God that had taken place, he immediately sanctioned the 
movements of the American evangelist, expressed the fullest 
confidence in him, and told him to go on in his own way. From 
that time, therefore, until the beginning of the following year, he 
continued to hold special services in the various Wesleyan chapels 
in the metropolis, and about seven hundred persons professed to 
have received pardoning mercy. On preaching for the last time 
in Dublin, Mr. Caughey says, " The large house was crowded 
in every part. I had taken my farewell at two of the other 
chapels, and affecting seasons they were ; but the scene at Abbey 
street surpassed anything of the kind I had ever beheld. After 
sermon, about thirteen hundred persons remained to bid me 
farewell, and they intimated moat aignS&^i^xitVj ihat out of the 



CHAPTER XXII. — 1841. 315 

house they would not go until they had shaken hands with me. 
I bore up under the excitement till I thus parted with two 
hundred of them, chiefly young converts, but their tears and 
cries so affected me that I could not bear it, and excused myself 
from proceeding saying, I would imitate the converted Indian 
chief, and ' shake hands with them in my heart,' by singing — 

' Amen, Amen, my seal replies ; 
I'm bound to meet you in the skies, 

And claim my mansion there. 
Now here's my heart and here's my hand, 
To meet you in that heavenly land. 

Where we shall part no more.' 

When this was over matters became worse and worse; I was 
hemmed in on every side. At last two or three brethren, in 
mercy, undertook to set me free; and they had a task. With 
much trouble they opened a small path, and through a forest of 
hands, I gained the street ; when lo ! it was lined to my home at 
Mr. M*Ck)mas's. The door was surrounded with people, but some 
friends succeeded in pulling me into the house ; yet even here 
there was little relief, as many were inside. The sorrowful hearts 
of the people at my departure, and a deep sense of my own 
unworthiness and utter insignificancy, crushed my spirit to the 
very dust." * 

Of the numbers led to the Saviour during this glorious work, 
the following case is specially worthy of notice : A young lady 
from England, on a visit to some friends in the city, was induced 
to attend the services ; the word reached her heart, and after a 
severe and deep repentance, God spoke peace to her soul. In 
the simplicity of her heart, she wrote home an account of her 
conversion, and desired liberty to become a member of the 
Methodist Society, little suspecting the manner in which her 
letter would be received. Her mother, a high-spirited and 
unconverted woman, was indignant, and wrote at once ridiculing 
the revival, reproaching her daughter for her weakness, forbidding 
her to join the Methodists, and ordering her home without delay. 
The young lady, alarmed and grieved at the reply she had 
received, sent a note to the pulpit, delicately stating her case, and 
requesting an interest in the prayers of the congregation for tke 



• Caughey's Letters, 1., pp. \^^-^V, 



316 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

conversion of her mother. This was promptly and earnestly com- 
plied with. A few days afterwards a letter came giving an 
account of the way God had answered believing prayer. On the 
very night the Lord's people pleaded at the throne of grace the 
mother was awakened to a sense of her sinfulness and danger. 
" I felt," said she, "as if I was in a furnace of fire." On the 
following morning the Lord had mercy on her, and she wrot« 
asking forgiveness of her daughter, and giving her liberty to 
become a Methodist if she wished it, as she herself intended to 
do the same. Thus, as the people called God answered, and 
whilst they were yet speaking He heard. 

Another remarkable conversion may also be noted. One 
Sunday evening Mr. Caughey preached' in Whitefriar street 
chapel, from the text, " This year thou shalt die," and in prayer 
earnestly besought the Lord to spare for three weeks, that he 
might seek salvation, the man whom He was about to call into 
eternity. Amongst the many present was one man who had 
strayed into the chapel, was deeply aflfected, and went home 
convinced of sin. For some time he had had a swelling on his 
neck, which gave him little, if any, annoyance, but on the day 
following became so sore and inflamed that he was obliged to give 
up work and call in a physician, who pronounced it cancer. The 
poor man sank rapidly under this terrible disease, but continued 
to cry earnestly for mercy, until at length God spoke peace to 
his soul, and exactly three weeks from that Sabbath evening, and 
at the same hour in which the preacher had been engaged in 
prayer, the sufferer passed from time into eternity, with a hope 
blooming with immortality. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

1842 

On January 7th, 1842, the Rev. James Caughey left Dublin for 
Limerick, having received an official invitation to hold special 
services there, and was heartily welcomed by the ministers, the 
Revs. John F. Mathews and William P. Appelbe. He remained 
ten weeks in the city, preached every evening except Mondays 
and Saturdays, and a very gracious revival took place. One 
hundred and thirty persons professed to have obtained the salvation 
of the Gospel, about ninety imited with the Methodist Church, 
and other Churches partook largely of the fruit of this good work. 
Amongst others, a woman whose husband was a Roman Catholic 
was induced to attend the services. The Lord powerfully awakened 
her to a sense of her wretched condition as a sinner ; she came 
again and again, and at length her distress became so great 
that she began to agonize for salvation. Then she sprang on her 
feet, commenced to jump up and down, and howled in a most 
fearful manner, so that some persons fled in horror, others fainted, 
and many stood in solemn awe. " It was," says Mr. Caughey, 
" a terrible conflict. It seemed as if the contending powers were 
rending her in pieces. I believe the devil was then making a last 
eflfort to keep possession of her soul, nor can I doubt that the 
Holy Ghost was then in the act of casting him out. The devil 
rent her sore and departed. I saw her in the congregation a 
few nights afterwards, * clothed and in her right mind,' as peaceful 
as a lamb and happy in God." A few days before the evangelist 
left the city he was invited to breakfast with a number of friends ; 
and when the cloth was removed Mr. Mathews, on behalf of the 
Society, presented him with a valuable watch and an address, 
as an expression of respect for himself and their grateful appre- 
ciation of his labours. 

Mr. Caughey next proceeded to CoiV, N<i\i«t^ V^ ^-^^^fe^ ^sns. 



318 HISTOBY OF HETHODIdM. 

commission on Sunday morning, March 20th, preaching to a 
large congregation from Isaiah xL 31. "Many," he says, "received 
the word in fiEdth and gladness, but some were prejudiced and 
resisted." In the evening he selected for his text Jeremiah xxiiL 
19, 20, and it proved a solemn and heart-searching time. " There 
was a shaking, but the devil raised his signal of determined 
opposition. The night was spent in hard fighting, without any 
great advantage on either side, and hostilities ceased at about 
ten o'clock. We called oflf our troops, and so did Satan. He had 
some wounded, but he carried them oflf the battle-ground." Soon, 
however, the Saviour triumphed, and many glorious trophies were 
won in His name. Mr. Caughey remained a little more than 
four months in the city, and received the most hearty co-operation 
from the ministers of the circuit, the Revs. Fossey Tackaberry 
and John Greer. Similar eflfects were produced here to those in 
Dublin and Limerick. The word was mighty and prevailed, and 
the large communion rails were filled, night after night, with 
earnest seekers of salvation. James Field writes, " Such seasons 
I never before witnessed. Mr. Caughey is as new as the first day. 
If he preaches ever so often on one text, he never gives any of 
the old matter ; he keeps his hold, and every sermon takes fieister 
hold of the hearts of the people." Towards the close of his stay 
the entreaties of the people that he would remain were over- 
powering. Awakened sinners took the alarm; the general cry 
was, "Surely he will not leave us when he finds himself 
encompassed with penitent souls," and their tears, sobs, and 
subdued cries for mercy were at times profoundly awful. A 
meeting of the converts was held, at which nearly two hundred 
of them were present, but there were many others unable to 
attend. After a solemn and pointed address, in which their 
duties, responsibilities, and dangers were faithfully urged on their 
attention, they were called forward to the communion rails. 
Their names, places of residence, and the classes in which they 
desired to meet were noted ; and they then knelt down, and were 
commended in prayer to the guidance and protection of the 
Almighty. The congregation then arose, while the young 
converts remained kneeling, and all sang — 

'' Oh, happy day that fixed my choice 
On Thee, my Bttvloux «xidL m^ Qi^\ 



CHAPTER XXIIL — 1842. 319 

Well may this glowing heart rejoice, 
And tell its raptures all abroad." 

While the two last lines were sung those who had come 
forward returned to their seats, and another company came to the 
rails, and were prayed for and dismissed in the same way, until 
all had thus presented themselves at the altar of God. Before, 
however, Mr.' Caughey bade adieu to CJork, he felt it to be his 
duty to deliver a few lectures on Temperance. Some battled hard 
for the wine-bottle, but at last nobly surrendered to the con- 
vincing arguments for teetotalism, and a flourishing society was 
formed, called " The CJork Young Men's Total Abstinence Society." 
The meetings were animated, and several of the members 
advocated the cause most eloquently. 

Some six or eight years previous to this period Methodism 
had been introduced into Ballyfaman by Mr. John Ballam, who 
when a lad of seventeen, through the Divine blessing on a con- 
versation with a Methodist minister, was led to religious decision. 
Subsequently, at Drumshanbo, he found in Messrs. John Laird, 
Mark Crawford, and others kind Christian friends, from whom he 
learned the way of God more perfectly. From this town he went 
to Ballyfaman and started business for himself. After his 
marriage, the Church was established in his house, where preach- 
ing and other religious services were regularly held. For years 
he " had it in his heart to build an house of rest for the ark of 
the covenant of the Lord and for the footstool of our God, and 
had made ready for the building." Through his liberality and 
exertions, this was accomplished, and now the top-stone was put 
on, to the joy of his heart. Twelve months later the Eev. Fossey 
Tackaberry writes, " Eighteen years, this month, since I was last 
in Ballyfaman, and there was neither stick nor stone of the 
present village there then, save one house ; now there is a neat 
little post and market town. On Sunday I dined with the lord 
of the soil, who assisted the building of the chapel considerably. 
We had a nice company of gentry, who all came to the service 
in the afternoon." For forty years Mr. Ballam was spared to 
care for this neat little chapel, in which many souls have been 
bom again, to establish and superintend a flourishing Sunday- 
school, to watch over the Society with paternal solicitude, and 
to welcome the servants of God to \nB \io\3A^. 



320 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

The Revs. Eobert Huston and Wallace M^MuUen were on the 
Kilkenny and Tipperary mission, where they had some cheering 
tokens of success. In one place several intelligent Romanists, 
through the Divine blessing on reading the Scriptures and 
conversation with their Wesleyan neighbours, were led to see 
the errors of their creed and of their ways ; and although they 
did not then openly renounce Popery, they disbelieved the leading 
dogmas of the system, and gave up going to the confession. At 
another place a number of Roman Catholic servants and workmen 
regularly attended the Methodist services. The first occasion on 
which they did so was specially interesting. The meeting was 
held in a private house, and they sat in an adjoining room to 
that in which the congregation assembled, in order that they 
might not be exposed to severe ecclesiastical censure. But while 
the hymn beginning, " Jesus, my All in all Thou art," was sung, 
they approached nearer and nearer, until at last, as if " charmed 
by the music of His name," they entered in and mingled freely 
with the congregation." * 

It having been arranged that a new chapel should be erected 
in Dublin, in place of the old one in Whitefriar street, and an 
excellent site having been secured in Stephen's green, the 
ceremony of laying the foimdation-stone took place, in the 
presence of a vast multitude of people, on Tuesday, March 22nd. 
The service was commenced by the Rev. Thomas Waugh, who 
read two portions of Scripture, the hymn beginning, " Thou who 
hast in Sion laid," was sung, and the Rev. William Stewart led 
in prayer. The Hon. Judge Crampton then laid the stone, and 
having done so, stood on it, and addressed the audience on the 
object of the meeting — to begin the erection of a house of G-od, 
in which the great doctrines of the Gospel would be preached. 
Mr. Waugh explained why the building would be called the 
Wesleyan Centenary chapel, and gave a clear though brief 
history of the origin and progress of Methodism, more especially 
in Dublin. Part of another hymn was sung, and the Revs. 
William Ferguson and Walter O'Croggon concluded with prayer, f 

At a meeting of the leaders of the Belfast South circuit, on 
February 23rd, it was moved by Mr. Edward Tucker, seconded 

* Wesleyan Methodiit Magazine, 1843, p. 262. 
t Ibid., 1842, p. 415. 



CHAPTER XXUI. — 1842. 321 

by Mr. William Barlow, and passed, "That this meeting has 
heard with deep regret that the trustees of our chapel in Donegal 
square have announced the sale of tickets of admission to the 
ensuing anniversary sermons; and although the right of the 
trustees to make their own arrangements is freely admitted, yet 
the meeting feels bound to record its deliberate and conscientious 
opinion that such proceedings are not only impolitic, but most 
objectionable in principle, and contrary to the usages of Wesleyan 
Methodism." Allusion is here made to arrangements for sermons 
by the Rev. J. B. Bennett, M.D., on behalf of the Trust fund, 
to hear which tickets were sold. It also appears that a similar 
course was adopted with regard to the annual missionary meeting, 
and both together caused such an amount of unpleasant friction 
as brought on a serious attack of illness on the Rev. Frederick 
P. Le Maitre, the superintendent of the circuit. 

For about thirteen years services had been held at Andersons- 
town, or Upper Falls, in a school-house with mud walls ; but at a 
meeting of the Belfast South circuit leaders in April, it having 
been intimated that a suitable site had been secured for the 
erection of a chapel, a building committee, of which Mr. James 
Lindsay was secretary, was appointed to carry out the project. 
Shortly after this building was opened, Mr. William Beattie was 
appointed superintendent of the Sunday-school there, Mr. John 
Caruth being the secretary; but Mr. Beattie resigned in a few 
months, and ^Ir. Caruth succeeded him, with Mr. James H. Beattie 
.as secretary. Their zealous labours, assisted by local preachers 
and prayer-leaders, proved a means of much good in that neigh- 
bourhood. 

On the Wicklow mission of the Primitive W^esleyans a young 
man named John W^hite was now engaged as a lay missionary. 
He was a native of Aughnacloy, where his father, a member of the 
Society, cultivated a farm. In early life young White became 
the subject of serious impressions, which under the preaching of 
Mr. Joseph M^Corraick deepened into saving trust and unswerv- 
ing religious decision. The Divine fire thus enkindled in his soul 
soon found vent, for he began to proclaim in the farm-houses of 
his native place the love whose spell had won his heart. Affording 
thus promise of usefulness, he was requested to preach a trial 
sermon before a number of ministers-, b\xl w> \wl^\3^^.\a^'^'^5^'^^ 

TOL. JJT. *^ 



322 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

that they concluded he would never make a preacher, and had 
better remain at home. However, one brother present thought 
they might give him a trial as a Bible-reader, which was agreed to. 
When informed of the decision, John White said, " If I can serve 
God better in that way than by preaching, I shall do so." Thus 
he received the above appointment, and entered upon a course of 
extraordinary labours and successes. Mr. John Buttle, who was in 
charge of the mission, having been laid aside by protracted illness, 
Mr. White had double work to do, and did not spare himself. 
Sometimes he rode twenty or thirty miles in a day, and preached 
three times, to meet the demands on him. Nor did he labour in 
vain. The Lord made bare His arm in the salvation of souls, and 
the coDgregations greatly increased, more especially at Arklow, 
where the usual place of preaching was quite too small for the 
congregations. 

The Queen's County mission was visited by a Mr. Toomath, 
and in one place the novelty of a blind man preaching excited so 
much interest that the friends considered it necessary to provide 
additional forms to accommodate those who wished to hear. A 
person therefore went to the sexton of the Koman Catholic chapel 
to borrow a few, and, with the consent of the priest, obtained 
them. Several Romanists, who knew this, concluded that there 
could be no objection to their attending the meeting, and accord- 
ingly went. While listening to the sermon, two of them were 
deeply convinced of sin, and forthwith gave up attending mass. 
One of the two, a young man, resolved to go to church, and his 
mother having heard it, became alarmed, used all her powers to 
dissuade him, and failing in this, pelted him with stones, knelt 
down and gave him her curse. The persecution became so great 
that he was obliged to leave the town. The other convert was a 
young woman, who became a member of the Society. Her father 
came to her and inquired, " Will you still persist in your course, 
and allow me to receive the treatment I met with yesterday on 
your account ? " " What treatment ? " she asked. " I went to the 
priest to confess, and in place of hearing me, he flogged me." 
The parent then pressed his daughter to give up going to preach- 
ing while he lived, and said after that she might do as she 
pleased. "Father," she replied, "I may be dead before you. 
When I was living in sin I met witti ixo oi^i^^ition ; but now, when 



OHAPTBB XXUI. — 1842. 323 

I take the Word of God for my guide, I must be persecuted." And 
she continued steady, " in nothing terrified." * 

On Sunday, June 5th, a new Primitive Wesleyan chapel at 
Castlecaulfield was opened for Divine worship. In the morning 
the Rev. Adam Averell preached from Matthew zxii. 13, and it 
was a source of devout gratitude that notwithstanding his advanced 
age and consequent infirmities, his voice was as strong and his 
intellect as clear as they had been for many years, while his fervent 
appeals to the consciences of his hearers made a deep and lasting 
impression. In the evening the pulpit was occupied by Mr. 
Dawson D. Heather, who discoursed with much eloquence and 
power from 2 Chronicles vi. 40, 41. The services of the day were 
concluded by Mr, Alexander Stewart, who offered up a most 
impressive prayer that the Lord's blessing might be vouchsafed 
to the ministry of His word in this house.t 

The Wesleyan Methodist Conference was held in Dublin. 
The preparatory committees began their meetings on Tuesday, 
June 21st, and of these one was appointed to review the concerns 
of the Irish Missions. Of this committee Mr. William M^Arthur 
was a member, and had the courage to propose that the daily 
schools should be placed under the National Board of Education, 
thus securing £5fiOO per annum to the Connexion, while the 
£3,000 granted from England might be employed in the erection 
of new buildings; but the Society was too fully committed to 
opposition to the Board then to accept this wise proposal, and the 
representatives from England were even more strongly against it. 
Mr. Newton said, ^' If this is passed you will see my face no more 
in Ireland." Mr. M' Arthur, however, waited his time, and after 
a number of years, had the satisfaction of carrying his scheme. 

The Conference commenced on June 24th. The Bev. James 
Dixon was President, and he was accompanied by the Bevs. Robert 
Newton and John Scott. On making this appointment the 
British Conference had deviated firom its usual form. From the 
year 1814 to 1840 the appointment of the President in England 
to preside in Ireland was so expressed as to allow him to name 
a substitute, " if unavoidably prevented " from taking the office 
himself. But this year no reference was made to a substitute, 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, 1S42, p. 229. 
t Ibid, pp. 318-15. 



324 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

and thus it continued, year after year, until 1863, when the 
alternative was again very properly restored. The Conference 
was favoured with the presence of Bishop Soule and the Rev. 
Thomas B. Sargent, representatives of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, America. During the year only one publicly recognized 
minister had died, the Rev. Thomas W. Doolittle of Sligo, 
who was greatly respected and beloved by all who knew him, and 
who maintained his confidence in Grod and the rejoicing of his 
hope firm unto the end. The Rev. Robert Masaroon was elected 
by nomination a member of the Legal Hundred in his place, and 
the Rev. William Crook by seniority instead of the Rev. Henry 
Deery, superannuated. John Higgins of the Ballina circuit and 
John K. Johnston, son of the Rev. James Johnston, were received 
on trial. It was cheering to learn that the Great Head of the 
Church had accompanied the labours of His servants with great 
success. Notwithstanding the numerous opposing influences 
with which the Society had to contend, and the loss of eight 
hundred and sixty-nine members by emigration, there was a net 
increase in the membership of three hundred and sixty-two. 
The mission schools had prospered, their number being fifty-two, 
with more than four thousand scholars. The different Connexional 
funds had also been increased, the addition to the Missionary 
Fund alone being about £400. Local missionary deputations, 
consisting of two ministers on each district, were appointed for the 
first time, and the Rev. Fossey Tackaberry was elected junior 
representative to the British Conference. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference commenced its sessions 
on June 29th. Owing to advanced age and increasing infirmities, 
the Rev. Adam Averell was for the first time absent, and his place 
was supplied by the Vice-President, Mr. Alexander Stewart. Mr. 
George Robinson was elected Secretary. William Gunne of Ma- 
guiresbridge was received as having travelled twelve months ; and 
John Graham of Omagh, William Bums of the Newtownstewart 
circuit, William H.Graham of the Banbridge mission, John Henning 
of Rathfryland, and John White were admitted on trial. It was 
reported that on many of the circuits and missions the Lord had 
been pleased to pour out His Spirit and revive His work, so that, 
notwithstanding a serious loss by emigration, there was a net 
increase in the membership of one hundred and five. Before, 



CHAPTER XXIII. — 1842. 325 

however, the Conference closed, the Secretary took seriously ill, 
and the disease developed into typhus fever, under which he 
rapidly sank. His mind was kept in perfect peace, and on July 
13th, in the thirty-second year of his age and the twelfth of his 
ministry, he entered that region where pain and sickness are 
unknown. 

For a long time the minds of the members of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society were much impressed with the necessity of 
erecting a house of worship at Warrenpoint. In 1836 a suitable 
site was secured by Mr. Addy, a subscription-list opened, and the 
foundation-stone laid ; but the work went on very slowly for some 
time. At length, however, it was completed, and the building 
was opened for public services on August 7th. Mr. James Robinson, 
jun., preached in the morning, and Mr. Dawson D. Heather in the 
afternoon and evening. The congregations were large, the 
collections considerable, and the Lord gave His blessing with the- 
preaching of the word.* 

Another new Primitive Wesleyan chapel was also erected at 
Gledstown, near Maguiresbridge, and thatj with a speed that is 
in striking contrast to the delay at Warrenpoint. It was com- 
menced on August 1st, and opened for Divine worship on Sunday, 
December 18th, being thus completed in about four months and 
a half. Sermons were preached by Messrs. James Morrow and 
John Wherry, the congregations were large, and the collections 
good. However, as a considerable debt remained, a tea-meeting 
was subsequently held, at which the balance against the Society 
was considerably reduced.f 

On Saturday, July 30th, Mr. Caughey left Cork for Bandon, . 
where he opened his commission on the day following, and con- 
tinued for nearly three months, preaching four nights in each, 
week, and twice on the Sabbath. On August 29th he writes, 
" The revival is going on very slowly here ; " and on September 
26th, " A few have been converted to God. The influence on the 
Wesleyan Church is very gracious indeed, but the inhabitants 
generally seem as yet unmoved. The congregations are tolerable, 
but our doings or sayings excite but very little interest beyond 
the families of Methodism." And again, on October 3rd, " We 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodist MaqazinCy 1S42^ "^^ ^1<^« 
t Ibid, 3843, p. 66. 



326 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

have had hitherto a very hard conflict in Bandon, the hardest in 
which I have ever been engaged. Last Sabbath, however, was 
a glorious day to many. We had a select meeting for the young 
converts, and forty-four persons came forward and testified that 
during the last four weeks God, for Christ's sake, had forgiven 
their sins. I have witnessed nothing like it since the commence- 
ment of the special services. Many of the old members were 
bathed in tears, and towards the close of the service a large 
number of awakened sinners approached the Communion rail and 
knelt to be prayed for. Their cries for mercy were piercing. 
This happy hour amply repaid me for all my tears, and groans, 
and labours during these last nine weeks." But on October 28th 
he says, " The revival, during the remainder of my stay in 
Bandon, advanced with a slowness that distressed me. I felt 
as if there were something wrong and deeply grievous to the 
Holy Spirit somewhere ; perhaps the day of judgment will alone 
reveal it. On Sabbath, the 16th inst., twenty additional persons 
came forward as witnesses to the blessing of justification through 
faith in the merits of Christ." Although this visit of the earnest 
evangelist did not in its apparent results come up to his expecta- 
tions, yet much permanent good was done. Amongst those led 
to religious decision was Mr. John Dawson* of Mountpleasant, 
who for upwards of forty-three years subsequently walked in the 
fear of the Lord, and then, in a good old age, passed to the home 
above. There was also a Mrs. Stanley, who one night had a 
dream that she was going down a lane, and was stopped by a man 
who warned her that she was going to the pit of fire, put his arm 
around her, and brought her back. While in the act of narrating 
this to her husband on the following morning, she suddenly 
stopped, and pointing to a stranger passing the window, said, 
" There is the man." It was Mr. Caughey. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley 
were thus led for the first time to attend a Methodist service, and 
then to give their hearts to Grod. Within a few weeks afterwards 
they each passed home to heaven. Of those stirred up to more 
active work in connection with this revival, was Mortlock Long, 
then a young man of eighteen. He says that on thus engaging 
in public service one of the leaders said to him, '^ You are now 
beginning to preach : hold up the Saviour ; let not so much as your 

• Grandson of Ricbard Daw«oiL. Vide. V. ^, ^«B, 



CHAP! BR xxin. — 1842. 327 

little finger be seen. He that lies low need fear no fall." And 
this important counsel made a deep, lasting, and salutary impres- 
sion on his mind. 

The Rev. Robert Huston was appointed to Youghal, and here 
he soon found himself in conflict with the superstitions and frauds 
of the votaries of Rome. Within six miles of the town, a " pattern " 
was held annually and attended by eager crowds, that generally 
closed the day in scenes of drunkenness and disorder. The mis- 
sionary believing that well-placed ridicule is often a more eflfective 
weapon in combating error than laboured arguments, composed 
a description of the day in homely rhyme, more especially referring 
to the finale, when — 

'^ They danced and they sung, 
Or they smote with the fist or they cursed with the tongue.'* 

I^rge numbers of copies were scattered broadcast, and did much 
to bring the custom into ridicule. Near to Youghal there were 
two establishments — one a female reformatory, and the other 
a school for training " missioners," superintended by an Irish 
ecclesiastic, assisted by a French priest. Suddenly it was 
announced that one of the inmates of the reformatory had become 
the subject of an eataticay one of the reputed miracles that 
occurred so frequently on the Continent. One Thursday evening 
she professed to be bound with cords by some invisible power ; on 
Friday stigmas, or marks resembling those on the body of our 
Lord, appeared on her person. She then lay as if dead until the 
Sunday morning, when, as representing the resurrection, she rose 
up and went to mass. It having eked out that while no charge 
was made for seeing the miracle, donations were acceptable, sus- 
picion was at once excited that it was a mode of " raising the 
wind " to aid the college and reformatory. Protestant indigna- 
tion was thoroughly aroused. The rector of the parish invited 
the Protestant ministers of the town for consultation, and the 
result was a united public protest, affectionately but strongly 
worded, against the estatica, as " a blasphemous fable and danger- 
ous deceit." Certain of the Romish clergy, with the editor of 
the Tablety having examined into it, pronounced it an impious 
fraud, which the girl in question attempted to practise on the 
unsuspecting priest and the public. Another protest was issued^ 
and then a ballad lampooning ttie "wVioV^ ^^^vc, 'Ttjcsa^ ^^5^s»ri* 



328 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

tion, not less, perhaps, than the grave protests, contributed to 
expose and defeat the iniquitous procedure. The following verses 
are specimens : — 

* ' Each Friday ere three, 

Make haste unto me. 
The girl shall hleed at my bidding, you'll see ; 

But you must bleed too, 

Or else it won't do, 
So great is my fatherly goodness to you ! 

** My curse on the crew — 

Green, orange, and blue — 
Who would not believe what I said to bo true. 

The nice yellow clay 

Don*t come in my way ; 
This safe speculation don't promise to pay. 

" My brother from Franco 

Thought in triumph to dance, 
But now with vexation he's ready to prance ; 

So tearing his hair, 

Ho must pack up his ware, 
And seek for a goUible public elsewhere.*' 

For issuing this, the priest from the altar vigorously de- 
nounced Mr. Huston, and an anonymous letter streaked with 
blood was sent to him, threatening serious consequences ; but he 
committed himself to the care of Him who judgeth righteously, 
and suffered no harm, while within a year the Irish ecclesiastic 
drooped and died, the French priest fled as from the plague, and 
one of the institutions was broken up. 

In autumn Frederick Elliott, who had been placed on the list of 
reserve at the Conference, was requested to go to Mallow, to take 
charge of a school there, which the Congregational minister 
gave up, and wished the Methodists to work. Here he not only 
instructed the scholars, but conducted religious services regularly, 
and the Lord blessed the labours of the young preacher, so that 
the congregations were soon more than doubled. 

The Rev. William Reilly was appointed to Waterford, with, as 
his colleague, the Rev. John Williams, *' a kind and sensible man, 
a most agreeable fellow-labourer, and an eloquent and gifted 
preacher." They spent two years together on the circuit, and saw 
the work prosper. The residences of the ministers were opposite 



CHAPTER XXIII. — 1842. 329 

eac"! other and at right angles with the chapel, thus forming a 
small courtyard. Though the preaching-house did not occupy a 
prominent site, it was central and very convenient for seafaring 
men. They generally held prayer-meetings on Sunday afternoons, 
which were attended with tokens of Divine favour. One day a 
young sailor, in leading in prayer, pleaded with great pathos that if 
any should have to meet sudden death it might prove to be sudden 
glory. On the day following he went to sea, and before the day 
closed was washed overboard and drowned! In the city were 
many kind and warm-hearted friends, and none more so than Mr. 
Tobias Wilson. His wife, who had died six years previously, was 
a lady of exalted piety and warm attachment to Methodism. 
Their son Thomas, " a Methodist of the real type," was moulded 
into his mother's character. He was a local preacher, and in 1831 
had built a chapel in Tramore, in which he kept up Sunday 
services for many years, the ministers of the circuit preaching 
there on week-evenings to good congregations. The Dean, a 
kind-hearted and amiable clergyman, was favourable to Methodism, 
and frequently took the chair at missionary meetings. The site 
of the chapel in Clonmel was held by a lease renewable for ever, 
which had nearly lapsed, so that no little difficulty was felt in 
securing the premises. However, a lease in perpetuity was 
obtained, and a new and beautiful chapel erected, which was 
opened under cheering circumstances.* 

Mr. James Collier, whose name had been placed by the Con- 
ference on the list of reserve, was sent to labour in a large district 
between the Sligo and Bal Una circuits, called the barony of Leyny. 
He visited all the country round, making Ballymote his head- 
quarters, secured twenty-eight monthly preaching-places, and 
spent his Sundays at Achonry, Coolaney, Collooney, and Ballysa- 
dare. At Achonry he was kindly received by the curate, who 
placed at his disposal, for religious services, the school-house, 
which was " crowded inside and out." Some one present remarked, 
" This is the first preaching we have had since Gideon Ouseley 
was here." This mission was continued for several years, then left 
to the Primitive Wesleyans, and at length completely abandoned. 

One fine summer evening the 83rd Regiment of Infantry 
marched into Armagh, and was quartered in the barracks. On 

♦ Unpublished MSS. of the ReY. VJ\Vi\ani^<£CL\i , 



330 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

the following Sunday the schoolmaster-sergeant, a devoted 
Methodist, asked permission of the commanding officer to take 
the children of the school to the Methodist chapel. Leave 
was at once granted, and accordingly the scholars were marched 
to the Wesleyan service. This came to the ears of the curate 
of the parish, and he called at the school, and inquired why the 
children had not been taken to church. The sergeant replied, 
"They were marched to church, although not to the cathedral 
on the top of the hill." " Then," said the curate, " I will lodge 
a complaint with the commanding officer." " Very well, sir," 
answered the other; "but I request you will allow me to be 
present when you do so, for I had the coloneUs permission for 
what I did." The clergyman promised, but omitted to fulfil his 
engagement, for the colonel sent for the sergeant, and told him 
of the complaint. However, he did not accuse him of any breach 
of military discipline, but merely said, as it was a cathedral 
city, and the Primate was very attentive to the officers, he desired 
the scholars to be taken to church. " But, sir," replied the 
schoolmaster, " I don't belong to that denomination, and a con- 
siderable number of the scholars are children of Methodist soldiers, 
who don't wish their children to be sent to the cathedral." 
" Well, then," said the colonel, " let the Methodist soldiers, if they 
wish, take their children with them to the Methodist chapeL" 
And this arrangement was carried out as long as the regiment 
remained in Armagh.* 

* Lynn's Methodism on the Armagh Circuit, p. 117. 



CHAPTEE XXIV. 

1843. 

The ministers of the Established Church appear at this period 
in many instances to have entered upon a course of open hostility 
to Methodism, denouncing the Society in strong terms from I he 
pulpit, in the press, and in pastoral intercourse with their people. 
Allusion is made to this in more than one Address to the British 
Conference, as " a deep, widespread, and systematic opposition, 
not characterized, like the hostility of former times, by avowed 
disregard of Evangelical principles, but formed under the pro- 
fession of supreme respect for Scriptural truth. Christian morality, 
and ecclesiastical order." One of those who took a prominent 
part in this opposition was the Rev. F. F. Trench, perpetual 
curate of Cloughjordan, who as editor of the Christian Journal 
wrote a series of articles, in which he charged the Methodists 
with " pious frauds," ' mercenary motives in their labours, living 
immoral lives, holding " unsound and faulty " religious views, and 
aiming " at producing excitement," by which " the people were 
led to substitute strong emotions for the operations of the Holy 
Ghost." He, however, was met and ably answered in a pamphlet 
by Mr. George Revington. The Rev. John Liddy, then in Kerry, 
also issued a brochure on "Apostolical Succession and the Con- 
stitution of the Christian Church," in reply to charges made against 
Methodists and Methodism on his mission. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Society in Dublin sustained a severe 
loss in the death of Mr. William Curry, who in 1785 had been 
appointed a leader by the venerated Wesley, and for fifty-eight 
years continued to discharge the duties of his office with punctu- 
ality, zeal, and perseverance. He was also a faithful visitor of 
the hospitals, infirmaries, and jails of the city, mimsterin^^ tic^ t^N.^ 
inmatea the word of salvation, and leading ^V, \ew^ \i^^ <srac^i»^^^ 



332 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

condemned to death, to the Fountain of life. On Saturday, 
January 14th, 1843, the illness of which he died commenced, and 
he spoke of the Lord having favoured him with a remarkable 
manifestation of His presence. As the disease became worse, 
though subject to occasional wanderings of mind, he was always 
clear and collected as to his religious experience. When one of 
his children repeated the words, " God so loved the world," he 
finished the verse himself, with an evident appropriation of its 
consolations, and added — 

" My flesh shall slumber in the ground 
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound, 
Then burst the chains, with sweet surprise, 
And in my Saviour a image rise." 

His last audible words were, " I am going to my Saviour, and 
will soon be with Him ; " but often after this he, with uplifted 
eyes, would endeavour to utter, " My Saviour ! " On Saturday, the 
21st, in the eighty-fifth year of his age, his spirit took its last 
triumphant flight, " from Calvary's to Zion's height." * 

Messrs Joseph M^Cormick and John G. Wakeham were 
appointed to the Enniskillen circuit, where, in answer to special 
and persevering prayer, there was a very extensive and blessed 
religious awakening. At first an increasing attendance on the 
ministry of the word was observed, and in some instances a 
marked seriousness in the congregations. At the December love- 
feast there was a considerable addition to the ordinary attendance ; 
but nothing further that was remarkable took place, except that 
at the close of the meeting a few anxious inquirers, including an 
old man of nearly seventy, professed to have found peace in 
believing. However, on the following Sabbath evening, as Mr. 
Wakeham preached, the Lord poured out His Spirit, a number 
were constrained to cry out, " What must we do to be saved ? " 
and six of them were enabled to rejoice in the God of their salva- 
tion. On the same evening, as Mr. M'Cormick preached at 
Knockmanoul, the word was accompanied with similar power and 
attended with similar results. The good work thus commenced 
continued and spread, meetings were held every evening, and at 
almost all of these sinners were convinced of sin and converted to 
God, until it was estimated that not less than five hundred persons 
* Primitive Wetleyan Mctliodut Magttx\iie,\^V%,\s<^,^^— 104. 



CHAPTER XXIV. — 1843. 333 

had been turned " from darkness to light, and from the power of 
Satan unto God." * 

The Clones circuit, on which Messrs. Richard Robinson and 
John White were stationed, was favoured with similar times of 
refreshing. The revival began at the September lovefeast, when 
about twenty persons professed to have obtained rest for their 
weary souls through faith in Christ. The preachers and leaders 
were greatly encounaged and quickened, and left the meeting 
inspired with increased zeal for God. Soon the services they con- 
ducted told with blessed results to those who attended them. 
This was especially the case at Monaghan, where the cause had 
been very low for many years. At the March quarterly meeting 
in this town about three hundred persons were present ; the 
people spoke with such freedom that Mr. Robinson with diflSculty 
was enabled to conclude this part of the service, and when an 
invitation was given to those who felt their need of redemption in 
the blood of Christ to express it, about one-third of the congrega- 
tion knelt down and pleaded for Heaven's mercy. There was 
scarcely any part of the circuit where good was not done, no week 
passed without several conversions, and in April it was considered 
that at least two hundred had professed to have decided for God. 
Some of the classes were nearly doubled, others greatly augmented, 
and some new ones formed. t 

A very extensive and blessed religious awakening also took 
place on the Maguiresbridge circuit. One Sunday evening a 
little girl, the daughter of Mr. Robert Orr of Ballyreagh, while 
singing hymns, became suddenly and strangely aflFected, was put 
to bed, and on regaining consciousness began at once to praise 
God. Such was the impression made on the mind of her £either 
that, on the following morning, he sent for a brother prayer- 
leader, John Grainger, and they arranged at once to hold a 
prayer-meeting. This was so largely attended and accompanied 
with such Divine power that services were continued night after 
night. Grainger was joined by another prayer-leader, James 
M'Clintock, and through the blessing of God on the labours of 
these devoted men, the work spread in all directions, and the 
whole country was roused. Topper Mountain, Tempo, Ratoran, 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magatiney 1848, pp. 161, 227. 
tii'W, pp. 2.8-29. 



334 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

and Pubble were all greatly quickened, while at Balljreagh there 
was not a Protestant family unblest. James M*Clintock, the 
principal a^^ent in this glorious work, was a young man of superior 
natural ability, mighty in the Scriptures, and intensely earnest. 
Amongst those converted were James Wilson, James Edwards, 
and Andrew Armstrong of Ballyreagh, and Thomas Hurst of 
Topped Mountain, all of whom subsequently entered the itine- 
rancy. The superintendent of the circuit, Mr. William Beatty, 
writes, "Our March quarterly meetings were all greatly owned 
of God. We held five of them, not one of which was unattended 
with signal good. Between forty and fifty persons professed to 
have received the blessing of pardon." * This good work, and 
consequent lack of sufficient accommodation for those who desired 
to attend the services, led to the erection of the chapel at Pubble. 
" In January " the Rev. Fossey Tackaberry " preached the 
anniversary sermon for the chapel in Tanderagee ; collections, 
£28." Such is the brief record given by his biographer, yet at 
that service a noble trophy was won for Christ, for Charles Lynn 
Grant was then and there led to religious decision. He was 
bom in the neighbourhood of Terryhoogan in 1823. Under the 
watchful care of pious parents, he grew up in the fear of the Lord, 
and at an early period became a member of the class in which 
they met. As he approached manhood, prevented by severe 
physical suffering from taking his share in the labours of his 
father's farm, he sought in reading occupation for his earnest 
spirit, and thus laid the foundation of his subsequent extensive 
knowledge. His affliction, however, served a still better end. 
Being much alone, serious thought and self-examination led to an 
earnest desire for the blessings of religion, until he was enabled 
to rejoice in a clear sense of the Divine favour, and then he 
began to work for Christ, manifesting a growing desire to bring 
sinners to the Saviour. 

In the neighbourhood of Ballinamallard many changes had 
recently taken place, more especially by emigration ; and amongst 
those thus lost to the Society was the large family of the Blacks 
of Lettermoney, with the exception of one daughter, Mrs. Bobert 
Graham, whom with her husband, the steward of the circuity 
resid ed in the old homestead. Here, one morning in Febroary , 

♦ Primitive Weileyan Mogaiinc, 1843, p. 230. 



CHAPTER XXIV. — 1843. 335 

daring family worship, the Spirit of the Lord was poured out, and 
several members of the household cried aloud for Heaven's mercy. 
Thus a blessed religious awakening commenced, and spread from 
house to house, bringing into the classes eventually not less than 
two hundred new members, including several who became 
acceptable and useful leaders, and at least one, John R. Porter of 
Derry, near TrilUck, who subsequently entered the intinerancy. 

The Rev. John Hadden was superintendent of the Tullamore 
circuit. The Rev. William Crook, D.D., says of him, " He was 
an admirable preacher of the old school, clear, terse, pointed, 
particularly rich in the theology of the heart, and at times highly 
impassioned and eflfective. Of some of his sermons I have the most 
vivid impressions — two particularly ; one on 'Now the Lord of peace 
Himself give you peace always and by all means,' and another, 
which, alas ! proved to be his last, on Elisha's parting request to 
Elijah, ' I pray thee let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me.' 
The sermon was a noble one, fall of thought, fire, and power. 
I see the venerable preacher now, his face literally glowing with 
a radiance that would remind one of Stephen, as he saw the 
heavens opened and the victor's crown all but placed upon his 
brow. An apostle might have closed his ministry with such a 
discourse." On the following Tuesday or Wednesday he left for 
the country, and after a few days, his colleague, the Rev. William 
Starkey, brought him home to die. His death was beautifaUy in 
harmony with his life. He was a thorough pastor, and felt the 
ruling passion strong in death. Some of his last words were, 
" Take care of my dear people." " Mind the morning meetings." 
" I feel that the hand of death is upon me, but I am not afraid." * 
His name is now worthily represented in the Methodism of 
Dublin, Wexford, and Skibbereen. 

In spring Frederick Elliott was requested to go to Dublin, and 
supply the place of Mr. Norwood, whose health had failed, and 
says he never met a people with whom he had more happiness, 
and in preaching to whom he had greater peace, comfort, and 
liberty. 

On Sunday, June 4th, the Rev. Thomas Waugh conducted the 
opening service in premises in Hardwicke street which had been 
used as a Jesuit chapel, purchased from the Roman Catholics., axLd 

* MemoriiUB of the Bev. W. CrooV, «»i., v^. Wl A^ 



336 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

fitted up for a Methodist place of worship or preaehiDg-room, 
with an upper story set apart as a residence for a supernumerary. 
There was a large congregation, and Mr. Waugh preached from 
" Thou art Peter," etc. 

Two weeks later the opening services of the Centenary chapel 
were conducted by the Rev. Jabez Bunting, D.D., and Robert 
Newton, D.D. The former preached in the morning, and the 
latter, from 1 Timothy iii. 16, in the evening. It was estimated 
that two thousand persons were present, including three judges, 
the Lord Mayor, and several Members of Parliament, and the 
collection amounted to £200. Writing to his daughter, Dr. 
Bunting says, " The chapel is exceedingly beautiful, in one of 
the largest squares of Dublin, and both as to architecture and 
locality, worthy of the Centenary from which it derives its name. 
On Monday morning live hundred people breakfasted in the room 
under it. On the afternoon of the same day — at the earnest 
invitation of Judge Jackson — Mr. Waugh, Dr. Newton, and I went 
to his country seat at Howth, eight miles hence, and had a 
delightful ramble, under his guidance, among the hills, surrounded 
by exquisitely fine marine scenery, and took dinner with him and 
his family. We were charmed with all we saw and heard." Dr. 
Newton preached again on Wednesday, June 21 st, and on the 
following Sabbath the Rev. Dr. Alder preached at noon, and Dr. 
Bunting in the evening. 

The Wesleyan Conference was held in Belfast, and commenced 
its sittings on June 23rd. The Rev. John Hannah, D.D., presided, 
and he was accompanied by the Revs. Dr. Newton, Joseph 
Cusworth, and Dr. Alder. Ninety ministers were present, and 
on no former occasion was this assembly characterized by more 
unity and Christian love, attachment to the doctrines and 
discipline of Methodism, and zeal for the glory of God. It 
appeared that during the year three ministers had died ; two of 
them, the Rev. Samuel Wood and the Rev. John Hadden, had been 
faithfully and acceptably engaged in the work of the ministry for 
upwards of forty years ; while the third, William Gibson of the 
Castleblayney and Monaghan circuit, had been called away, amidst 
the promise of much usefulness, in the second year of his 
itinerancy. The Rev. John Nelson was elected by nomination a 
member of the Legal Hundxed in the place of Mr. Hadden^ 



CHAPTBR XXIV.— 1843. 337 

and the Rev. Richard Phillips by seniority instead of the Rev. 
David Waugh, superannuated. John C. Storey of Gorlisbrattan, 
Frederick Elliott, James Collier, and Thomas Foster were received 
on trial Notwithstanding a loss by emigration alone of nearly 
five hundred members of the Society, after filling up all vacancies, 
there was reported an increase of three hundred and seventy-four. 
The Rev. Robert Masaroon was elected junior Representative to 
the British Conference, and the Rev. Henry Price appointed 
Secretary to the Contingent Fund, an office which he sustained 
with fidelity and zeal for sixteen years. The ministry of the word 
in the town and neighbourhood, on which large congregations 
attended, was accompanied with peculiar unction from on high. 
The Rev. James Morgan, of the Presbyterian Church, having 
kindly oflFered the use of his spacious meeting-house, as being 
larger than any of the Wesleyan chapels in Belfast, it was 
occupied on the Sabbath evening and the following Wednesday 
by Dr. Newton, who preached on each occasion to a numerous and 
deeply attentive audience. 

The Primitive Wesleyan Conference began on June 28th, 
under the presidency of Mr. Alexander Stewart, with Mr. Thomas 
M'Fann as Secretary. In addition to Mr. George Robinson, to 
whom reference has been made, there was reported the death 
of the venerable William Boyle in his ninetieth year, and his 
end was peace. Five candidates were received on trial, including 
Arthur H. Council of Cork, Thomas A. Jones of Bel&st, and 
Alexander Campbell of the Irvinestown circuit. After filling up 
all vacancies in the membership occasioned by deaths, emigration, 
and religious declensions, there was found to be an increase of 
one thousand and thirty-three. Mr. MTann having retired from 
the office of Travelling Secretary, and received an expression of 
the approval of the Conference of the way in which he had per- 
formed the duties of the office, Mr. Dawson D. Heather was 
appointed his successor ; and the manner and spirit in which he 
discharged the arduous duties of his position for eighteen years 
prove that the confidence of his brethren was not misplaced. 
Petitions were forwarded to the Houses of Parliament, expressing 
the decided and deliberate conviction of the members of the 
Conference that the movement then in progress for the reijeal 
of the Union aimed not only at t\ie di«iii«ijAierKiKOLV ^\ "^iasb. 

VOL. lU. *^^ 



838 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

empire, but also at the subversion of the Established Church of 
this country and all other Churches founded on the principles of 
the Reformation, and praying that measures might be enacted 
to quiet agitation and preserve inviolate the Protestant Episcopal 
Church and the Union. 

Mr. Samuel Larminie now concluded three years' labour on 
the Youghal mission, where he had toiled with great zeal and 
success, taking his stand in the streets, Sabbath after Sabbath, 
and preaching to the people in their own language. Among the 
fruits of his labours was the conversion of Mr. Murphy, who had 
charge of the monks' school, and came right out from Popery, and 
subsequently entered the ministry of the Established Church. 
The Methodist preacher, however, was not permitted to proceed 
in his work unmolested. Placards were posted over the town 
denouncing him, and so infuriated the mob that they followed 
him in the streets, pelted him with stones, and but for the inter- 
ference of the military, would have killed him. Notwithstanding 
this opposition, many Romanists heard the glad tidings of salvation 
from his lips, and were turned from darkness to light.* 

The very cheering religious awakening at Clones, through the 
Divine blessing on the labours of Messrs. Richard Robinson and 
John >^Tiite, continued to deepen and extend. At the end of 
September the former reports that the revival which had begun 
there twelve months previously still continued and proved increas- 
ing fruitful. " Since July," says Mr. Robinson, " not less than* 
two hundred have been added to our Society, and most of them 
profess to have found redemption through the blood of Christ. 
Our leaders are more alive now than at any former period since 
the work commenced, and such is the spirit of hearing that our 
places for preaching are generally crowded. We had lately a 
tea-meeting in one of our country places, where nearly two 
hundred were present ; this service did not close until after one 
o'clock on the following morning, and many professed to have 
experienced the pardoning love of God. This is now so common 
at our meetings that we have long since ceased to reckon the 
number of those who make such a profession." f 

A similar cheering work had also begun, early in the year, on 

* PrimUive WeiUyan Methodist Maga^ne, 1864, pp. 89-91. 
f Ibid, 1848, pp. 468-59. 



CHAPTER XXIV. — 1843. 339 

the Derrjgonnelly circuit, where Messrs. John "WTierry and James 
Robinson, sen., were stationed. The first indications of this 
blessed awakening were at Bossmacawinny, where the places of 
meeting were filled to overflowing. Divine power accompanied 
the word preached, and a large number were brought into Christian 
liberty. Then at DrumduflF the Spirit was poured out, and many 
more became reconciled to God through the Son of His love. 
While thus the Lord revived His work in the south of the circuit, 
the north was not without similar tokens of His favour. At 
Blackslee the people attended in large numbers, and very many 
were converted to God. These included Wesleyans as well as 
Primitives, but all agreed to sink their peculiar distinctions for 
the time being and unite in the great work of saving souls, the 
converts being left at liberty to choose with which denomination 
of Methodists they would identify themselves. Of all the places, 
however, in this circuit that were visited from on high, most 
good appears to have been done at Shankhill. So deep and wide- 
spread was the work that vital religion became the general subject 
of conversation through the whole surrounding country, and the 
people assembled in crowds from all directions. The quarterly 
meetings at DrumduflF and Derrygonnelly were seasons of great 
power. At the latter the penitents were so numerous and so 
anxious that the preachers had to leave them with the leaders, 
while they themselves retired to the market- house to settle 
financial business; and three times in succession at Drumdufif 
an attempt was made in vain to conclude the service.* 

At Portadown the Society had long felt the want of a chapel, 
and a meeting of local firiends of Primitive Wesleyan Methodism 
liaving been summoned, it was unanimously resolved that a house 
should be built. One old leader who was present said that he 
had met a class in the town for twenty years, and on the previous 
Sabbath they had met in a turf-shed. A subscription-list was 
opened, and about one hundred pounds subscribed. The founda- 
tion-stone of the new building was laid in February, and the 
opening services conducted on Sunday, September 24th. The 
Rev. Adam Averell delivered an appropriate address in the 
morning, Mr. Revingrton preached in the afternoon, and Mr. 
Adam Ford in the evening. At the close of these services Mr. 

» Primitive Wesleyan Methodi$t Jlfa9a«iv»\^^^\<^. VEsfe-^'^* 



340 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

Ford gave an account of the blessed revival he had witnessed on 
the Irvinestown circuit, during the course of which about five 
hundred were added to the Society. The first lovefeast in the 
new edifice was held on October 8th, when the house was well 
filled, and at least nine souls were won for Christ.* 

The Revs. Gibson M'Millen and James Collier were stationed 
at Clones, which was a very laborious circuit, including a large 
district of country, with many stopping-places. Mr. M'MiUen 
frequently referred to his labour here as a fair specimen of the 
early itinerancy, saying, '^ While at Clones I was in the saddle 
three hundred and sixty-five days in the year." The Wesleyans 
shared to some extent in the benefits of the revival with which 
their Primitive brethren were favoured through the Divine 
blessing on the labours of Mr. White. Many of those awakened 
to religious concern attended the Sunday-evening services, 
responded promptly to invitations to come forward to the 
communion rails, and some obtained the pardoning mercy of 
God. 

As has been already stated, the division of Belfast into two 
circuits — South and North — was the cause of some misunder- 
standings and disputes. The Conference, therefore, judged it 
prudent to appoint the Rev. William Stewart to Donegal square 
circuit, and the Rev. Fossey Tackaberry to Frederick street, as 
ministers who would work together, heal the breaches, and keep 
all right. Both circuits had petitioned the Conference for the 
Rev. J. B. Gillman, and would have no one else ; but he was 
wanted for Dublin. The Conference therefore took the matter 
into its own hands, and the results proved the wisdom of the 
course adopted, for almost immediately on his arrival Mr. Tacka- 
berry's ministry was blessed to the people. During his first 
month on the circuit he writes, " Several found mercy at the 
prayer-meetings in Frederick street and Ballymacarret. If God 
give us such meetings as these we shall have much cause of joy." 
The circuit under his care comprised sixty-three classes, with 
eight hundred members. Referring to the misunderstandings 
that had existed, he says, " The civil war is abating. There are 
no colonels, and battles cannot be fought without commanders. 
In plainer language, the preachers are resolved there shall be no 
* J^mithe WeiUtyan MethodiMt Maqos^iw:, IS13, pp. 461-63. 



CHAPTER XXIV. — 1843. 341 

South and North circuits heard of. We meet once a week, do 
everything by united counsels, occupy each other's pulpits every 
four weeks, and the consequence is our circuit differences are 
settling down, and will, I think, entirely subside. There is still a 
little ground-swell; but while the pilots understand each other 
I hope there will be no great danger, even if a storm should 
again arise." Other matters also occupied the attention of Mr. 
Tackaberry. Hence he writes, " We have got the lease of ground 
for a small chapel in Shankhill completed. Now for the chapel 
itself. And we have got the lease of ground for a mission-school 
in Ligoniel perfected, which ground I asked five years ago. Mr. 
Croggon is in town, with plan and specification, and in all the 
rain we go there to-day at three o'clock. I hope the building 
will be finished in four months." * 

The Revs. Thomas Ballard and William Bumside were appointed 
to the Lisbum circuit, where the Lord greatly blessed their 
labours. A younger brother of the Rev. James Collier, Robert, 
was at this time a young man of nineteen, and resided in the old 
homestead at Ballynacoy. During the revival here, eight years 
previously, he had obtained justifying grace, but through un- 
faithfulness, soon lost it. Now he was startled fix)m the spiritual 
insensibility into which he had fallen by the powerful preaching 
of Mr. Ballard, and led to seek earnestly restoration to the joys of 
salvation. One evening, at the close of the usual preaching 
service, Mr. Bumside requested him to remain, with a few leaders, 
and then appointed him and another young man to meet a class 
that had no leader. He consented to go and sing, but do nothing 
more. However, when the class met the other refused to do 
anything but lead in prayer, so Robert Collier had to take 
charge of the service, much to his own dissatisfaction. Deeply 
impressed with a sense of his sinfulness and utter unfitness for 
the work, he gave himself to prayer, and during the following 
week was enabled to rest on Jesus as his Saviour, and thus rejoice 
in the God of his salvation. In all the ardour of first love, he 
commenced Christian work, especially holding prayer-meetings. 
The first of these was in a building that had been used as a public- 
house. The owner having been laid aside by injury received in 
a drunken quarrel, and led to serious reflection, resolved to give 



342 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

up the drink traffic and give himself to the Lord. The sign-board 
was therefore taken down, and Mr. Collier invited to conduct 
meetings on the Sunday afternoon. At the next place in which 
the young convert held services he attempted to preach, and was 
encouraged by a man who was present rising up and giving glory 
to God for the blessing of pardon which he had then and there 
obtained. Thus Robert Collier began his career of earnest 
and successful work for Christ. It was during Mr. Ballard's 
appointment to this circuit that his son John Woods was con- 
verted to God, and thus also entered on a course of extensive 
usefulness. 

In Sligo a very vigorous eflfort was made by some of the 
episcopal clergy, aided by landlords and their agents, to root out 
Methodism from the county. By means of gross misrepresenta- 
tion, foul slander, and even persecution, it was thought to accom- 
plish the wicked purpose. This was particularly the case in the 
parish of Ballysadare, so that some of the leaders said to the Rev. 
John Donald, the junior preacher of the circuit, " Such are the 
aspersions thrown on Methodism here that unless you defend us 
we may give up." He replied, " Mr. Le Maitre is my superin- 
tendent. I shall speak to him, and if he does not take the matter 
up, and leaves it with me, I shall undertake the defence." Mr. 
I^ Maitre, though a gentleman of much culture and an excellent 
preacher, was timid, inclined to look at the dark side of things, 
and unwilling to engage in such a controversy. He therefore 
replied, " The rector is not openly taking a part in this opposi- 
tion ; it is only his curates ; you are my curate, and can defend 
Methodism against them." " Then I will do my best," said Mr. 
Donald, and at once arranged to deliver a public lecture in 
Ballysadare, with this object in view. It was the depth of winter, 
the snow was deep on the ground, and a large number assembled 
in a loft of Mr. John Young, where they had scarcely standing 
room. Mr. Donald took as his motto, " I speak as to wise men ; 
judge ye what I say ; " and many a laugh there was through the 
circuit subsequently about " the wise men of Ballysadare." The 
lecturer had no difficulty in proving that the doctrinal teaching 
and organization of Methodism were Scriptural, and that it had 
taken a foremost place amongst the agencies raised up by Provi- 
dence for the good of the conntry, and even in replying to the 



CHAPTBB XXIV. — 1843. 



343 



various objections that had been made to the Society. Thus the 
courage of the people rose, and their hands were strengthened, so 
that no more was heard of at least some of the misstatements that 
had been freely circulated.* 



♦ Unpublished Narrative of the Rev. John Donald, D.D, 



CHAPTEE XXV. 
1844. 

For a considerable time a growing feeling existed in the minds 
of leading ministers and laymen in Ireland that something ought 
to be done in the way of providing for Methodists a higher class 
of education than that aflforded by the ordinary daily schools. In 
June, 1839, the Rev. Thomas Waugh writes, " I found Messrs. 
Oillman, Ferguson, and Stewart in Dublin, waiting to secure my 
attendance at a breakfast meeting, which I attended, to consider 
the propriety and practicability of establishing a school on the 
Sheffield principle." * And at the succeeding Conference a 
committee was appointed to meet a number of lay gentlemen 
to consult as to the establishment of such an institution; but 
these letters and meetings led to little result, except the 
deepening of the conviction that something of the kind should 
be attempted. At length, at a breakfast -party in Portadown, in 
1843, Mr. Thomas A. Shillington read a letter which he had 
received from the Rev. John K. Johnston, A.B., urging the 
necessity of a similar school in Ireland, to the Wesleyan College 
at Taunton. The Rev. Robert G. Gather, A.B., happened to be 
present, and was greatly impressed with the idea. Mr. Shillington 
encouraged him to take it up with a view to its practical 
application, promising his earnest co-operation, and thus the 
scheme was soon fairly started. On May 16th, 1844, a number 
of ministers and lay gentlemen met in Belfast, and formed a 
provisional committee, with the Rev. William Stewart as chairman, 
and Messrs. Shillington and Gather as secretaries. A prospectus 
was at once issued, stating that the proprietary of the school 
should consist of from one to two hundred shares of £10 each, 
what the proposed course of study would be, and the terms, and 
requesting information as to the encouragement that would be 

♦ Unpublished Letter. 



CHAPTER XXV. — 1844. 345 

given either by taking shares or sending pupils. The Conference 
gave its cordial approval to the project, and strongly recommended 
the ministers to exert their influence on its behalf. The original 
intention was to open this institution in Belfast; but subsequently, 
by a unanimous vote of the proprietary, Dublin was selected, and 
a new committee was formed, with the Rev. Robert Masaroon as 
chairman, and Messrs. William Mathews and Graves Holbrook 
as secretaries. In a circular issued by them it is said, " In 
establishing a school in Dublin we are resolved to keep the 
original object steadily in view — viz., to give a thorough literary 
and classical education, combined with a sound religious and 
moral training in strict accordance with the principles of 
Wesleyan Methodism." Suitable premises were secured in 
Stephen's green, and in due time the institution was opened, 
with the Rev. Robinson Scott as governor and chaplain. Such 
was the origin of the Wesleyan Connexional School, which for 
many years rendered invaluable service to Irish Methodism. 

On March 1st a Wesleyan chapel was opened at Thurles, by 
the Revs. Walter 0. Croggon and William Reilly, who preached 
appropriate sermons, the former from Genesis xxviii. 17, and 
the latter from John i. 29. About thirty years previously the 
Methodist preachers visited this town, long a stronghold of Popery, 
and were invited by Mr. Joshua Lester to his house, which 
thenceforward became their preaching-place and home, notwith- 
standing the personal insults and pecuniary losses which their 
host suffered in consequence. For many years it was on Mr. 
Lester's heart to build a house for the worship of God, and in 
carrying out his design he experienced much diflBculty ; but with 
unfaltering resolution he calmly persevered, and this neat and 
attractive edifice was completed at a cost of £350. He lived to 
hear the simple, soul-saving message often proclaimed here, and 
had the joy of knowing that not a few were thus won for Christ. 
His undeviating loyalty to the truth, and uprightness, subdued 
even his most bitter foes, thus proving that " when a man's ways 
please the Lord He maketh even his enemies to be at peace with 
him." Mrs. Lester was a woman of deep and consistent piety, 
and she and her husband had the unspeakable happiness of 
seeing their children rising up in the fear of the Lord and in 
loving attachment to Methodism. 



346 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

From several of the missions and circuits of the Primitiye 
Wesleyan Society there was cheering intelligence of religions 
prosperity. Concerning the county of Wicklow Mr. William 
Lendmm writes, '*God has poured out His Spirit on several 
parts of this mission. At Arklow, Rathdrum, and Coolafanqr 
many have been convinced of sin and converted to God. We 
had a visit from Dr. Singleton, which was made a peculiar 
blessing to us. Brother Toomath is very actively and zealously 
engaged in this blessed revival, and so also are the leaders."* 
On April 16th Mr. Toomath preached at Sathdrum, and such 
was the Divine influence which accompanied the word and the 
meeting for prayer held afterwards that fourteen persons were 
awakened to a sense of their state, and some of them led to the 
Saviour. On the following evening a large congregation assembled 
at Arklow, where special prayer had been offered, and the power 
of the Lord was present to break down and to build up, so that 
thirty were enabled to rejoice in the God of their salvation. In 
the neighbourhood of Hacketstown there was also a similar work 
of grace, chiefly through the instrumentality of a devoted sister, 
whose time, influence, and other talents were all fully consecrated 
to the service of her Lord and Master.t 

Mr. Abraham Dawson of the Youghal mission says, "The 
congregations here are good, and a spirit of devotion seems to 
rest upon the people, particularly at Whitegate, where the Lord 
has graciously acknowledged His own word in the conversion of 
several. We have also a number of Soman Catholics who attend 
the services, and have obeyed the Divine command in reference 
to the apostate Church, * Come out of her. My people, that ye be 
not partakers of her sins.' Some of these converts, however, are 
suffering much persecution. One poor fisherman had to give 
up his share in a boat, as his partners would not suffer him to 
fish with them, and a blacksmith lost all his Roman Catholic 
customers."}: Two months later the missionary states, "The 
Lord is still carrying on His own work on this mission. Three 
or four more families have left the Church of Home, and now 
regularly attend the worship of God amongst us and the ministry 

♦ Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine^ 1844, p. 143. 
t Ibid, p. 225. 
X lUd, p. 141^. 



CHAPTER XXV. — 1844. 347 

of the word in the Established Church. All who have made a 
profession of conversion are walking worthy of their high vocation. 
The persecution of the converts from Popery is not abated, for 
the priest told his hearers to have no communications with them, 
except to give them annoyance, and the mandate has been 
observed to the letter." * 

Mr. John Graham was stationed at Kinsale, and his labours 
were much owned of the Ix)rd. Amongst the coastguards at the 
Old Head, especially, an important and cheering movement took 
place; but diflSculties arose from unexpected quarters. Mr. 
Graham refers to these in the following letter to his brother 
Charles, superintendent of the Cork circuit, who had had a 
controversy through the press with a ritualistic clergyman: "I 
am glad you are now out of the controversial arena. I believe 
you gained an unsullied victory, and fought with upright 
motives, but peace is always more congenial than war to the 
growth of Christian graces. My spirit was a little ruffled lately 
by the conduct of two clergymen, near the Old Head of Kinsale. 
They influenced the officer of coastguards to shut against me the 
door of his watch-house, where I used to preach to the coastguards 
and some other neglected Protestants. In the meantime God 
opened the door and heart of a respectable man near the place, 
and when I last visited there I preached in his large, well- 
furnished, and well-warmed parlour, to a numerous and attentive 
congregation; and God was with us." Again, at a subsequent 
date he writes, "Several coastguards and their friends used to 
come and hear me preach ; a great moral reformation was wrought 
among them, and some were brought to a knowledge of salvation ; 
but their officer, through the influence and misrepresentation of 
the neighbouring clergy, has become a violent calumniator and 
persecutor. By means of his indirect threats most of the men 
and their families are intimidated from attending preaching. 
I visited them, and received their hearty blessings. Some wept. 
Others said, ' It is too hard that we should be kept from hearing 
GtHi's word in a free country.' I called to see the officer, and 
desired to explain our design; but he would hear no explana- 
tion." t 

* Primitive Wedeyam MethodiH Mdgatine^ 1844^ ^« 225. 
t Memoir of the Bey. John Qiahani, pp. ^%« ^^. 



348 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

On the Ballyconiiell mission Mr. William Bums foand the 
work making cheering progress. In the town and its vicinity 
revival meetings were held, which proved a blessing to many. 
The quarterly lovefeast was greatly acknowledged of the Lord, 
especially towards the close, when numbers were "pricked in 
their heart," and about fourteen professed to have received the 
pardoning mercy of God. From the time of that service the 
congregations steadily increased, and the word appeared to be 
received with increasing readiness, so that the meetings did 
not close until a late hour, and were felt to be special times of 
refreshing from the presence of the Lord.* 

Concerning Clones, Mr. Richard Robinson reports, " The work 
of the Lord on this circuit is still progressing. Our quarterly 
meetings have just terminated, and were as signally owned of God 
as any I have yet witnessed, not less than between thirty and 
forty having professed to have obtained redemption through the 
blood of Christ. Although I have attended lovefeasts for the last 
forty years, I never saw one equal to that which we had at Clones. 
Our large house was literally crammed, while a powerful sense of 
the Divine presence pervaded the entire assembly, and the ex- 
perience of those who spoke was the most rational and Scriptural 
of any I ever heard. Oh, what a work the Lord has been doing in 
this circuit during the last eighteen months ! About six hundred 
have been added to the Society in a district of country which 
does not exceed fifteen miles in length and five in breadth. It 
is, however, so thickly inhabited with Protestants that in every 
quarter of a mile there may be obtained a large congrega- 
tion, and there is no let or hindrance to the preaching of the 
Gospel. Two years ago a number of our leaders and many 
of our members left this country for America, so that Methodism 
seemed to have sustained permanent injury ; but the Lord 
has raised up others, including at least fourteen young 
men, who with the former leaders are labouring zealously and 
successfully in various parts of the circuit." f Of those thus con- 
verted and led to engage in work for Christ, three at least, James 
and Alexander Elliott of Agharoosky and William Conlin of 
Skeachorn, subsequently entered the itinerancy. 

* Primitite WcMlcyan Methodist Magazine, 1844, p. 144. 
t Jbfd, p. 233. 



CHAPTER XXV. — 1844. 349 

Mr. John Johnston of Ardbarren, near Castlederg, went, one 
winter's morning, about twelve months previous to this, to meet a 
class at Kirlish, and was overtaken by a snow-storm, which com- 
pelled him to seek shelter behind a hedge. Here, for a moment 
he was inclined to murmur at his lot, but was immediately 
relieved by the thought that if God would make him the instru- 
ment of the salvation of one soul, it would be an ample reward for 
his exposure and toil. Having a special call to that district, to 
visit a sick person, he now wended his way thither again ; about 
twenty persons assembled for prayer, and during the delivery of a 
brief address the Spirit of Grod was poured out on them, the 
entire party falling on their knees and crying aloud for mercy. 
Before the close of the service eight persons professed to have 
obtained the pardon of their sins, not one of whom had ever 
attended a Methodist meeting before. In the evening Mr. 
Johnston conducted another service in the same place ; about fifty 
bowed down as penitents, and two of them obtained peace in 
believing. This proved the beginning of a gracious awakening, 
during which about seventy souls were won for Christ. 

Mr. John Heatley writes, "The revival in the town and 
neighbourhood of Lurgan is blessedly going forward. We have 
two or three penitent meetings every week. On Sunday week, 
being the quarter-day, our preaching-house was crowded. It was 
with difficulty the people could be restrained from speaking. 
Between sixty and seventy bowed at the seats for anxious seekers, 
many of whom returned home rejoicing in God. Last Sunday 
the Lord was very present in quickening and saving power. The 
week-day meetings are only behind our Sabbath services in point 
of numbers. Brother James Mahaffy is assisting us like fa zealous 
man of God, as, indeed, is each of the leaders. ' We; have lately 
formed three new classes, and the old ones are greatly increased 
in numbers and in piety." * 

From Lisbum Mr. John Carlisle communicates the cheering 
information contained in the following extract : " We held our 
quarterly meeting here on Sunday, March 24th, and such a day 
has seldom been witnessed in this country. So great was the 
power of Divine influence that rested upon the people that all 
present felt it. About forty persons, some of whom were old^ grey- 

* FrimUire Wesleyan MethodUt MaqaAVM^\^\.K^y\.l^^^ 



350 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

headed men, were deeply convinced of sin, and came forvrard 
seeking salvation. Our meetings since then have been well 
attended. Some of our old friends are getting home to their rest. 
On last Sunday the remains of Thomas Blake of Derryaghy were 
committed to the grave, in the ninety-ninth year of his age and 
the seventy-second of his membership of the Methodist Society ; 
and during the whole of this long course he adorned the Gospel, 
and then died in the triumph of faith." * 

On the Tanderagee circuit it appears that immediately after 
Conference the leaders had been invited to meet for breakfiEist in 
Portadown, where special prayer was offered and arrangements 
made for revival prayer-meetings throughout the circuit on each 
Friday evening, and thus good was done. The preachers were 
Messrs. William Pattyson and John Gr. Wakeham. The latter 
had during the previous year travelled on the Enniskillen circuit, 
and the Ix)rd had so crowned his labours with success that some 
hundreds of souls were converted through his instrumentality. 
He now appointed a meeting in the house of Mr. Richard Cox, 
Derryhale, and here, while narrating the blessed work he had 
witnessed, "the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word," 
and seventeen persons were converted to God. Mr. Wakeham 
had a deep impression that this place would be greatly blessed, 
and that many would there be brought from darkness to light, and 
he lived to see this gloriously realized. A succession of revival 
prayer-meetings were held; the people assembled in large numbers, 
the Spirit was poured out from on high, and the whole country 
was stirred up. Mr. Cox fitted up a large bam for the services, 
and it was filled with earnest hearers. The good work extended 
to Scotchstreet, Maghon, and at Tanderagee five new Sunday- 
schools were opened and hundreds of souls were won for Christ.t 

In the midst of this extensive and blessed revival the chief 
instrument in commencing and carrying it on, Mr. Wakeham, 
was struck down with fever ; he removed to the house of Mr. Cox, 
and in ten days exchanged mortality for life. He was indeed ^' a 
good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith, and much people 
was added unto the Lord " through the Divine blessing on his 
labours. For purity of intention, devotion to his Master^s servicei 

* Primitive Wetleyan MethcdUt Magaz'iM, 1844, p. 235. 
t Ibid, pr. 2SB-a6, 



CHAPTER XXV. — 1844. 351 

and love for souls he had few equals amongst his contemporaries. 
No wonder his remains were followed to the grave by a large 
number of young converts, who " made great lamentation over 
him." 

The members of the Primitive Wesleyan Conference assembled 
in Dublin, on June 26th, with the Vice-President, Mr. Alexander 
Stewart, in the chair, and Mr. John Wherry as Secretary. William 
P. Skuse of Cork, William Scott (2nd) of Cavan, and Thomas 
Abraham were received on trial. The increase reported in the 
number of members amounted to three hundred and twenty-two, 
which was considered "indicative of general prosperity and 
stability," while the financial position of the Society was regarded, 
upon the whole, as encouraging. 

The Wesleyan Conference commenced its sittings in Dublin, 
on June 25th. The Rev. John Scott, who presided, was accom- 
panied from England by the Sevs. Dr. Newtown and John 
Beecham. About eighty ministers were present. The Rev. 
James Tobias was appointed to assist in writing the Journal, and 
thus entered upon a connection with the secretariat of the Con- 
ference which continued for twenty-five years. Three deaths 
were reported — those of brave old William Hamilton, some of 
whose last words were, " If I could shout that the world might 
hear, I would tell of the goodness and love of God my Saviour. 
Not a cloud ! Victory over death ! Glory, glory to God ! " the 
venerable Thomas Brown of Belfast, full of days and blessings; 
and John Farrell of Longford, a devoted and promising young 
man. Six candidates were received on trial. These included 
George Deery of Newbliss, Francis Morrow of Drumshanbo, 
William B. Le Bert of Youghal, Thomas M. Macdonald, and 
William Butler. Eleven preachera on trial were in the Centenary 
chapel admitted into full connexion. The Bev. John Nelson was 
elected junior representative to the British Conference. The 
number of members of Society returned was twenty-eight 
thousand four hundred and nine, being an increase in the twelve 
months of four hundred and five, notwithstanding a loss, by 
emigration alone, of six hundred and twenty-two. If to those 
thus returned we add fifteen thousand nine hundred and five 
members of the Primitive Wesleyan Society, and also those 
identified with the New Connexion and PramXKN^ ^^^<ift^^^A^^^- 



352 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

would make a total of about fifty thousand, the largest number 
ever returned in Ireland. The funds also showed every sign of 
healthy growth, the increase in the Missionary income alone for 
the year being £712. Nor was the spiritual state of the Societies 
less cheering than their numerical and financial position. In the 
Pastoral Address it is said, " Never were conversions more 
frequent, and never was holiness more deep or more widely 
diffused among our spiritual children." Dark days, however, were 
in store for the country, sweeping away two-thirds of the inhabits 
ants, and thus giving the various Churches a shock from which, 
numerically at least, they have never recovered. 

At a meeting held in Paisley on August 11th the Rev. 
William M*Clure delivered an able speech, in which he bore a 
valuable testimony to the results of the Temperance movement in 
Ireland. He said, " The very rapid spread of total abstinence 
principles and practices, embracing in a very short space of time 
nearly six millions of souls, has had and still promises to exercise 
a powerful influence for good ; but while they do not possess the 
word of the Lord we must rejoice with trembling, and do our 
utmost to cast as much of the precious leaven into the meal as we 
possibly can, watching diligently every opportunity of doing so. 
We must not, however, overlook or despise the good effects of this 
movement, as we see them exhibited, viz. — 1. The alteration in 
the nature and diminution in the amount of crime. 2. The 
increasing industry and comfort of many of the people, and their 
growing desire for improvement. 3. The thirst for reading, which 
is most evidently increasing, so that reading-rooms are both 
numerous and well attended. 4. And last, not least, the growing 
desire for the word of life, the existence of which for some time 
past has been exhibited in the city of Cork, where, with the 
sanction of the Eomish clergy, a cheap edition of the Douay Bible 
has been printed and widely circulated, and also a copy of the 
same book in Irish." * 

In this city the Eevs. William Reilly and James B. Grillman 
were stationed, and the cause prospered greatly. Some of the 
clergy of the Established Church, however, opposed the Society, 
and endeavoured to prevent people from attending the services, 
but with little success. Thus one Monday morning a curate met 

♦ Memoir ol 13le^. 'W. ll*C5V\a^, v. 163. 



CHAPTER XXV.— 1844. 353 

a young man who had been rescued from a career of profligacy, 
and inquired, " Where were you yesterday ? " "I was in Wesley 
chapel," answered the young convert, "listening to a beautiful 
sermon on the wise and foolish virgins." " It was a great sin for 
you to go there," said the clergyman. " Can Satan cast out 
Satan ? " replied the other. " Before I went there I was a wicked, 
cursing, swearing, drunken, gambling sinner; but since then 
I have been saved from all these. Can Satan cast out Satan ? " 
There was no replying to this, and so the conversation ended. 

A very different spirit was evinced, in another case, by the 
rector of Upper Shandon. A cousin of his having taken ill, Mr. 
Reilly was requested by a member of the family to visit hex, 
which he did. When the rector was informed of this he 
expressed his satisfaction and his earnest desire that the visits 
might be repeated. She had previously gone to Wesley chapel 
once, and was heard muttering, " 1*11 not be a Methodist." Now, 
however, she became anxious about her soul, but her mind was 
very dark with regard to spiritual things. Her conversion was as 
sudden as her awakening, and she was made unspeakably happy 
in the Saviour's love. " Never," says Mr. Eeilly, " did I witness, 
in all my experience, a more decided or happy change." The 
insidious disease made rapid progress ; but as her bodily health 
declined her spiritual strength increased, and her soul was on the 
stretch for the blessing of fall salvation. This she obtained, 
through the Divine blessing on the reading of the fourteenth 
chapter of John. Very soon aft^r having been thus made meet 
to be a partaker of the inheritance of the saints in light, the 
Lord took her to himself. "Mother," said the dpng saint, 
evidently referring to her former opposition to Methodism — 
" Mother, I die a Methodist ; I die a Methodist." The person, a 
Roman Catholic, in whose house she lodged was amazed at the 
joyous and triumphant spirit in which she met the last enemy.* 

On Sunday, November 17th, at Roscommon, a preaching- 
house was opened for religious worship by Mr. George H. Irwin. 
This building had been erected for an infant-school, by JMr. John 
Carson, who on the giving up of the school, finding that the 
Primitive Wesleyan Society were greatly in need of a chapel in 
the town, generously presented the house to them at a nomixsaJt 

• Unpublished Papers of the Hev. ^ . "^t^i • 
VOL, UJ, ^*^ 



354 



HISTORY OF METHODISM. 



rent. Through the exertions of Mr. George Stewart and the 
local friends, it was soon fitted up, and afforded ample accommoda- 
tion for the congregation, which previously had assembled in the 
parish school-house. Referring to the opening service, Mr. Irwin 
writes, "The congregation was large, the respectable portion of 
the Protestants of both town and country, for several miles 
around, as well as several Koman Catholics, were present, and 
listened with great attention. The expenses of fitting up were 
defrayed by the collection after the sermon." * 

Messrs. Alexander Stewart and John Thompson were stationed 
on the Charlemont circuit, where a cheering and extensive revival 
took place. It originated in some observations made at a quarterly 
meeting, which led a few pious persons to unite in special prayer 
for an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. After a short time, two or 
three conversions took place in one of the classes ; a few earnest 
leaders, thus encouraged, were stirred up to increased zeal and 
effort, and thus the good work spread. The preachers, assisted by 
Mr. Toomath, entered heartily into the movement. Dungannon, 
Moy, Tamnaghmore, and Vemers-bridge all shared in the showers 
of blessing that refreshed the country, until upwards of one 
hundred souls were won for Christ. t 



♦ Primitive WesJeyan Methodist Magazine^ 1844, p. 461. 
t Ibid, pp. 469-70. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

1845. 

Early in 1845 the Protestantism of the United Kingdom was 
roused into very determined action by a proposal of the Govern- 
ment to make a large financial grant to the College of Maynooth. 
This institution had been founded for the education of young men 
for the Koman Catholic priesthood, in order to save them from the 
necessity, to which they had formerly been subjected, of repairing 
to the Continent for the training required to enable them to 
enter upon the duties of their order. For some years an occa- 
sional and variable grant had been made, averaging about £8,000 
a year, with the hope of enlisting the sympathy of Romanists with 
Great Britain ; but this had failed. Sir Robert Peel now expected 
to effect the purpose by increasing the favour, and proposed to 
make it a permanent endowment of about £26,000 per annum. 
In the active opposition with which this proposal was met the 
Methodists of Ireland took an earnest and active part ; but all was 
in vain, as the obnoxious measure was passed, and only added to 
the influence of an institution which has proved a hotbed of 
error, disloyalty, and treason. 

Sir James Graham followed up this measure of conciliation 
with one of still greater magnitude. He carried through Parlia- 
ment a grant for the founding of three colleges for the advance- 
ment of literary and scientific instruction. Gentlemen of reput- 
able moral character, irrespective of creed, were to be eligible as 
presidents and professors. The colleges themselves were to give 
no theological teaching ; but ministers representing the various 
Churches, under the title of deans of residences, were to communi- 
cate such religious instruction as they deemed desirable, and to 
watch over the morals of the students of their te«<^%^x5^^ 
denominations. These institutions ^exe AiortVj ^S^«r««x^^ ^^^s^s^ 



356 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

in Belfast, Cork, and Galway. To this step the Government was 
led by the success that had attended the establishment of National 
Education, and the plan was warmly approved of by most of the 
Roman Catholic Members in both Houses of Parliament ; but after 
some hesitation, it was vehemently opposed by their hierarchy, 
and every attempt made to discountenance what were termed " the 
godless colleges." Notwithstanding, however, this Ndolent and 
persistent opposition, these institutions have done a noble work in 
the encouragement they have given to higher education and in 
the brilliant successes they have achieved. 

The work of primary education continued to be carried on 
with energy and success by the Methodists of Ireland, and was 
only limited by their financial resources. Sixty-three schools 
were now in healthy operation, six new school-houses had been 
recently erected, and arrangements were made for the opening of 
a model school and training institution in connection with the 
premises in Hardwicke street, Dublin.* In the Address to the 
British Conference this year it is said, '* Our Sunday and daily 
schools continue to increase and prosper under the active and 
careful supervision of the Eev. Walter 0. Croggon." 

During one of his tours of inspection, Mr. Croggon met and 
travelled with that famous controversial priest Tom Maguire, and 
each proved quite at home with the other. The Methodist, in 
the course of their conversation, quoted two of Wesley's hymns, 
which so deeply impressed the Komanist that he expressed an 
earnest desire to have the book in which they were published. 
The other, of course, promised to supply him with a copy, and did 
so on the first opportunity. Who can tell what impression for 
good was made on the mind of the Romanist ecclesiastic by these 
beautiful sacred Ivrics ? 

But turning our attention to the more immediate work of the 
itinerants, the Rev. James B. Gillman having taken ill in Cork, 
his place was supplied by the Rev. Thomas M. Macdonald, who is 
described as " a very efficient and acceptable assistant, and of a 
kind and amiable disposition." At the close of the March quarter 
one of the leaders, Mr. Homabrook, came to Mr. Reilly, the 
superintendent, and said that although he had sustained a 
^eat loss — a man with whom he did business, and who owed him 



Chapter xxvi.— 1845. 857 

£1,000, having failed, and he did not eicpect to receive a thousand 
shillings — ^yet he would double his ordinary subscriptions to the 
yearly collection, increasing it from thirty shillings to three 
pounds, and he would induce all the members of his class 
to do the same. On a former occasion Mr. Reilly had spent an 
evening at Mr. Homabrook's in company with a number of 
gentlemen of diflferent religious denominations. These included 
Mr. Richard Neville Parker, a member of the Congregational 
Church ; a discussion took place on the subject of the final perse- 
verance of the saints, and then and there the last plank was 
taken from under Mr. Parker's feet, so that he was led to become 
a Methodist, and as such proved an acceptable and useful local 
preacher.* 

William Feckman continued to pursue his earnest evangel- 
istic labours, with manifest tokens of the Divine blessing. He 
was most unwilling to preach, however, in a town pulpit or in the 
presence of a minister, and this reluctance led to at least one 
noteworthy scene. The Eev. William M'Grarvey of the Ballin- 
asloe mission, having to conduct a meeting on a Sunday after- 
noon at some distance from the town, arranged with Mr. Feckman 
to commence the usual evening service, promising to be back in 
time to preach. While the earnest evangelist was engaged in 
the opening prayer, with his eyes, as usual, fast closed, the minister 
entered the chapel and quietly passed into the pulpit. On con- 
cluding, Feckman looked round the house for the preacher, but 
in vain. There was, therefore, apparently no alternative but to 
continue the service, and at length to preach ; so he said, " My 
friends, I had no more idea of addressing you this evening than 
of entering into eternity. Mr. M'Grarvey promised that if I 
would begin the service he would be here in time to preach. 
Man may disappoint, but the Lord will not fail us. Isaiah xii. 1, 
*And in that day thou shalt say, Lord, I will praise Thee: 
though Thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, 
and Thou comfortedst me.' The prophet is here evidently looking 
forward to the Gospel dispensation, and the text naturally divides 
itself into two parts — man under a sense of Grod's anger, and his 
joy when that anger is turned away." Just at this point the 
speaker put his hand into his pocket to find his handkerchief, 

« Unpublished MSB. ot tbe B«v . V^'. ^V^i « 



358 HI8T0BY OF METHODISM. 

and not finding it, turned to look on the seat behind him, and 
there saw Mr. M'Garvey. Without saying another word or wait- 
ing to hear one, Mr. Feckman then hurried down the pulpit stairs, 
and never slackened his speed until seated in the body of the 
chapel. No doubt such an abrupt contretemps was trying enough 
to the risible faculties of the congregation ; nor was the test 
lessened when, on Mr. M^Grarvey rising and expressing his un- 
willingness to interrupt Mr. Feckman and the service, the 
latter responded aloud, " I did not know, sir, that you had come 
in."* 

On the Belfast South circuit the labours of the Rev. Bobert 
Gr. Gather, especially, were much owned of God, leading to a 
gracious revival, during which a large number of young people 
were converted. These included sons and daughters of a number 
of the leading officials of the Society, two of whom having been 
for some time estranged from each other, when they saw their 
children rejoicing together in the love of Christ were led to a 
friendly and Christian reconciliation. So highly were the services 
of Mr. Gather appreciated that at the close of his labours on the 
circuit he was presented with a handsome gold watch, but would 
only accept it on condition that some similar recognition of the 
work of his superintendent, the Rev. William Stewart, should be 
given, which he received in the form of valuable books. 

Early in the year Mr. William Pattyson of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society writes, giving a cheering account of the work 
on his circuit, which had been favoured with a continuous out- 
pouring of the Holy Spirit for about twelve months. The quarterly 
meetings at Tanderagee, Derryanvil, and Portadown had been 
times of remarkable power, and at the subsequent prayer- 
meetings there were many earnest seekers of salvation. Altogether, 
during the year upwards of three hundred persons, old and 
young, parents and children, were brought from darkness to light, 
and from the power of Satan to serve the living God.f 

At Stradbally, where a Wesleyan chapel had been erected five 
years previously, the Primitive Society erected a preaching-house, 
which was opened on Sunday evening, April 6th. Mr. Larminie 
writes, " I expected that brother MTann would have preached 

* Memoir of William Feckman, pp. 32-34. 

f Primitive Walt^an Mtilwdut Magazine^ 1845, p. 150. 



CHAPTBB XXVI. — 1845. 359 

on the occasion, but was disappointed, and had to do the best I 
could myself. While my heart rejoiced to see the building as 
full as it could hold, I went into the pulpit as nervous as possible ; 
but the Lord soon took away all my fears, and gave me great 
liberty in addressing the congregation from the last clause of 
Exodus XX. 24. The collection freed us from debt." * 

At Maghera also, in the county of Down, a new Primitive 
Wesleyan chapel was erected, chiefly through the liberality of 
a Christian lady. The Earl of Boden and most of the neighbour- 
ing gentry also contributed. The opening services were conducted 
on June 4th by Mr. William Herbert, jun., who preached with 
great acceptance, in the morning from 1 Chronicles xxix. 5, and 
in the evening from 2 Peter i. 4. The collections were good, 
and with the amounts previously subscribed, covered the entire 
expenditure, so that the building was opened free of debt.t 

The preachers of the Primitive Wesleyan Conference met in 
Dublin on June 25th, and on the following morning were joined 
by the lay representatives, after which Mr. Alexander Stewart 
was re-elected Vice-President, and Mr. Joseph M*Cormick 
appointed Secretary. Three young men, including Robert Sewell 
of Ballyconnell and William Graham of Fintona, were received on 
trial, and William Beatty of Ballyshannon and James Morrow 
of Omagh were reported as having died. Although the decrease 
in the members was four hundred and ninety-one, it was con- 
sidered that the Connexion had made progress. " The increasing 
number and improved condition of our preaching-houses," it is 
said, " and their comparative freedom from debt, the steady 
progress of our missions and mission schools, the improved 
circulation of our Magazine, the firm attachment of our friends, 
manifested by their efforts to help us in our financial concerns, 
and, best of all, the conversion of souls, through the Divine 
blessing on our humble labours, call forth our adoring gratitude 
to the Great Head of the Church." Mr. John Ramsey was 
elected Book Steward. 

The sittings of the Wesleyan Conference commenced in Cork 
on June 25th. The Rev. Dr. Bunting being unable to be present, 
owing to ill-health, the Rev. John Scott presided, and he was 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine^ 1846, p. 224. 
t Ihid, p. 311. 



360 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

accompanied by the Bev. Dr. Newton. An unusually large 
number of ministers were present. Five deaths were reported ; 
viz., James Carter of Moira, Daniel Pedlow of Passage West, 
James Bell of Dublin, James M'Kee of Lurgan, and Matthew 
Tobias of Belfast, four of whom had been on the list of super- 
numeraries, and had long borne "the burden and heat of the 
day." By the death of Mr. Carter a vacancy having occurred in 
liegal Conference, the Rev. John Carey was chosen by a large 
majority to fill it. William Lough of Cavan was received as 
having travelled twelve months ; and Thomas M'Lorinan of 
Antrim, Edward Johnston (2nd) of Manorhamilton, Henry M. 
Beale of Mountmellick, John Hazelton of Armagh, and four 
others were admitted on trial. There was a decrease in the 
memberships of four hundred and eight-three, " owing chiefly to 
the many — seven hundred and twenty — who had been obliged 
to emigrate from their fatherland to obtain the food that 
perisheth and the unfettered exercise of Christian liberty." In 
the Pastoral Address cheering testimony is borne to " the health- 
ful state of the Societies throughout the land ; " and it is said, 
" Despite of many adversaries and of varied and perplexing 
hindrances, we have been favoured, in the past year, with 
signal and reviving tokens of the Divine presence and sanction. 
Of this fact thepe is evidence in the well-principled and growing 
liberality of our Churches, and in the successful zeal of many of 
them in procuring funds for the support and extension of the 
Gospel throughout the world," the sum obtained for missionary 
purposes amounting to nearly £6,500, being £500 more than 
that of the previous year. The Rev. John F. Mathews was 
elected Junior Representative to the British Conference. 

Methodism was introduced into Doagh at an early period. So 
far back as 1799 permission was given by the Conference for the 
erection of a chapel — a humble structure, about sixteen feet, 
square — to obtain the means for building which assistance was 
sought even at as a great a distance as Lisbum. When the 
ordinances were first administered by the preachers Methodists 
came from Lame to Doagh to receive the Lord's Supper. The 
ministers lodged with a leader named John Craig, and were in the 
habit of preaching here on Saturday evening and Sunday morning, 
proceeding to Ballylagan or Ballygowan for an afternoon service, 



tlHAPTKR XXVI. — 1845. S61 

and then going on to Lame for the evening. Discipline was 
exercised with undue rigour, for a Mrs. Hunter and three other 
women were read out of the Society without any intimation of the 
violation of rule for which they were punished. It subsequently 
appeared that the offence of Mrs. Hunter was going on a Sunday 
to Carrickfergus, though it was to visit her dying mother, while 
the wrong done by another was that of speaking to an ungodly 
man on the Sabbath ! Such severity could not fail to do serious 
injury. 

In 1820 Mr. Craig and his family went to Canada, but 
previous to his emigration was greatly distressed at leaving the 
neighbourhood without a home for the preachers, and made it a 
subject of special prayer that God would raise up some one to 
take his place. Little did the good man think that the Lord was 
about to grant his request in opening the house of Mrs. Hunter, 
one of the very women whom he had unjustly expelled from the 
Society, and that her sons James and Andrew would render signal 
service to Methodism, yet so it proved. James Thompson, a 
leader and local preacher, was placed in charge of a school about 
a mile from Doagh, and he got the little chapel in the village 
repaired, and commenced services in it on Sunday evenings. 
Thus the Hunters were brought again into connection with the 
Society. After much prayer and effort, James and Andrew suc- 
ceeded in getting a site for a new house, including that on which 
the old one stood, for nine hundred and ninety-nine years, at five 
shillings per annum, and in 1843 commenced to build a new 
chapel, which was opened in 1845 free of debt. Mr. James Hunter 
has been spared to labour all round the circuit, as a most accept- 
able and successful local preacher, for about fifty-four years, and 
continues thus to do good service for his Master. 

The Rev. Robert J. Meyer was appointed to Killashandra, where 
there were then chapels in the town itself, in Corlisbrattan, New- 
towngore, and Ballinamore. In the last-mentioned town the 
ministers were most hospitably entertained by Francis and James 
Connolly, sons of devoted Methodist parents, and men who highly 
prized the Wesleyan services. Corlisbrattan was feimous for its 
large classes and pious and intelligent leaders. Of these the 
three brothers Doonan claim special notice ; they were the sons of 
Roman Catholic parents, and had been conv^xti^dk. ijofvsL^^'^^^iRk^ 



362 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

revival here some twenty years previously. Patrick, the eldest, 
was a superior and devoted man, called by the Methodists, on 
account of his practical interest in the cause, " the Bishop." 
Bernard * was a man of deep piety, sound judgment, and consistent 
life. The third brother was also a remarkable man. 

On the Bandon circuit, through the Divine blessing on the 
labours chiefly of the Rev. Anketell M. Henderson, an extensive 
religious awakening took place, not only in the town, but especi- 
ally at Mountpleasant, Newcestown, and other country parts of 
the circuit, where many were converted to God ; but few details 
are now available. Amongst those led to religious decision were 
at least four young ladies who subsequently were married to 
Methodist ministers. To these may be added John and James 
B. Atkins of Dun man way, grandsons of Mrs. Elizabeth Atkins, one 
of the earliest Methodists in the town. 

The Rev. Joseph W. M*Kay was now appointed to Cork as 
junior preacher. Here a sad and admonitory circumstance took 
place with regard to an amiable and pious young lady, a member 
of his class. She came to him one day and said, ^' I am come to 
give up my ticket." " What," he inquired, " is the matter ? " 
" I am engaged to be married," she replied, " to a young man who 
is unconverted. I know it is wrong, but I must go through with 
it, and therefore must cease my connection with the Society." 
Mr. M'Kay solemnly warned her of her folly and danger, but ap- 
parently in vain. The prospect deeply affected her, she became 
ill, a rapid consumption set in, and soon her spirit passed to 
another and doubtless better world. " Death had quicker steps 
than love," and thus she was mercifully preserved from what might 
have proved an unhappy life.t 

For some time the preaching-house occupied by the Primitive 
Wesleyans in this city, in French-church street, had been found so 
limited in its accommodation that families connected with the 
Society were obliged to worship with other congregations, and 
the building itself had become so dilapidated as to endanger the 
health of those who attended the services. It was therefore 
resolved that a new chapel, with a set of class-rooms, should be 
erected, and the residence of the preachers enlarged. The pro- 

♦ Father of the Rev. W. C. Doonan. 

t UnpubUshed M.SS. ot Ee^. WlllUm Reilly. 



CHAPTER XXVI. — 1845, 363 

ject was taken up with energy, and at length completed, at a cost 
of about £2,000, of which £500 was obtained from the Centenary 
Fund. On Sunday, August 3rd, the opening services were con- 
ducted by Mr. Thomas MTann, who was listened to with deep 
interest and much profit by large audiences. On the following 
Sabbath Mr. John White preached in the morning, and Mr. J. 
Toomath in the evening, when the house was so full that some 
were obliged to leave, unable to obtain admission. The collections 
amounted to nearly £90.* 

At Templemore also a neat and attractive Primitive Wesleyan 
chapel was erected. On November 10th, 1842, Mr. William Lind- 
say writes, " I have recommenced preaching in Templemore, and 
have generally fifty persons to hear me. We have here some 
young men who promise to be useful, and if we had a preaching- 
house we could do more good." Three months later he says, " In 
Templemore Mr. Turner's school-room is generally filled when we 
have preaching. He has shown us great kindness, not only in 
making the place comfortable, but in taking an active part with 
our brethren Richardson and Wilson during my absence. The 
class is doing pretty well." The report of April, 1843, was still 
more favourable. " The last time I was in Templemore the room 
in which I preached was crowded to excess. There have been a 
few members added to the class, which is in a healthy state." In 
April, 1844, Mr. Thomas A. Jones writes, " The congregation is 
greatly increased, which causes us to labour under a great dis- 
advantage, for want of better accommodation. The few friends who 
distribute tracts do it with zeal, and the Lord is blessing their 
labours." In the following October it appeared that an eligible 
preaching-house and residence could be obtained at a cost of about 
£180 ; these were subsequently secured, and in due time prepared 
and fitted up for use. 

The reports from several of the Primitive Wesleyan mission- 
aries at the close of the year were very encouraging. Mr. Thomas 
C. Maguire writes, "During the past quarter four additional 
places have been opened for holding meetings. One of these is in 
Bray, where a very kind family have made me welcome to their 
house as often as I please, while another £eimily has given me the 
use of a room for the services. The first time I preached in this 

* JMmUive Wesleyan Mahoditt Ma^miMn^W^^Yi^SSi^-W. 



364 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

humble place I had nearly forty attentive hearers, and the last 
time nearly double that number. Never did I see greater anxiety 
manifested by any people to hear the word of life." Mr. William 
Stokes of the county of Wicklow says, " On this mission several 
new openings- have been obtained, all of which promise well. 
Newtownbarry has been regularly visited once a month since Con- 
ference. A kind friend entertains the missionary, has opened his 
house for preaching, and invites his friends and neighbours to 
attend; and the result has been most satisfactory, for a good 
attendance has been secured, and I trust good has been done. 
Another opening has been obtained at Clohamon, where there is a 
large cotton factory, of which nearly all the hands are Protestants. 
The proprietor has given us the use of a place he fitted up for 
affording religious instruction, and here also there is a good 
attendance. Between Arklow and Gorey, a district where there 
is a number of careless Protestants, another place of preaching has 
been obtained, is regularly visited, and the Lord has acknowledged 
His word in the conviction and conversion of sinners." Con* 
-"ceming Youghal Mr. Edward Sullivan reports, " We have reason 
to thank God that there is considerable improvement in several of 
the congregations. In Lismore we have a great increase, and 
also in Tallow, but in the latter we have bad accommodation ; 
in Middleton we have an excellent congregation ; and at Whit«- 
gate between fifty and sixty Roman Catholics have thrown off 
the fetters by which they were bound, and are now under the 
teaching of the agents of the Society ; several, of late, have been 
converted to God, while all appear convinced that reformation 
without renovation will not do." Mr. R. J. Dawson of the county 
of Kerry states, " I feel grateful to God that His work on this 
station is progressing. In Castleisland we have formed an in- 
teresting class ; some of the members are under deep convictions, 
and one of them, a few weeks since, was savingly converted. We 
have also formed in Milltown a Sunday-school, which promises to 
have a happy effect on the minds of both the children and their 
parents. Our September quarterly meeting here was signally 
owned of God, so much so that some of the most intelligent of 
our members said it was the most profitable they had attended 
for years." * 

* J^rimittve IVcsleyan MetlwdiU Ma^aiiws^ 1845, pp. 462-63. 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

1846. 

One of the numerous cheering tokens of the increased spiritual 
life of the Christian Church, now so apparent, was the spirit of 
unity manifested by its members, and leading to the formation 
of the Evangelical Alliance. The first meeting was convened by 
a circular issued from Glasgow, in response to which two hundred 
and seventeen ministers and laymen of diflferent Evangelical 
denominations met in Conference in Liverpool, in October, 1845. 
Earnest and united prayer was oflfered for wisdom and direction ; 
and these prayers were answered by a plentiful effusion of the 
Holy Spirit, so that all present were of one heart and mind on 
the several subjects considered. Eight propositions, with regard 
to Christian doctrine, were accepted as the basis of union. The 
aim of the Alliance was stated to be — (1) to promote closer inter- 
course and warmer affection among the people of God; (2) to 
exhibit before the world the actual oneness of the Church of 
Christ ; and (3), to adopt united measures for the defence and 
extension of the common Christianity. And arrangements were 
made for a provisional committee, in four divisions, to meet in 
London, Liverpool, Glasgow, and Dublin respectively, while 
aggregate meetings should be held in Liverpool, Birmingham, 
and London. Accordingly the first aggregate meeting of this 
committee was held in Liverpool on January 13th, 1846, and was 
attended by nearly two hundred members, including some of 
the most distinguished and devoted ministers in the three 
kingdoms. Wsh Methodism was represented by at least three — 
the Rev. Thomas Waugh, the Bev. Fossey Tackaberry, and 
Mr. Thomas M*Fann. Mr. Tackaberry writes concerning tba 
services, "The Liverpool meetings at<i ^oxtfci \^»tTCSs«\%* 



366 HISTOBY OF METHODISM. 

never saw — indeed, I never expect to see — anything like them 
outside the gates of Paradise."* 

The first public meeting of the Alliance in Ireland was held 
on February 24th, in the Primitive Wesleyan chapel, South Great 
George's street, Dublin, and was attended, amongst many others, 
by the Revs. John Greer and John Duncan and Messrs. Thomas 
MTann, George Revington, Thomas C. Maguire, and John 0. 
Bonsall. A number of very able and animated speeches, breath- 
ing a truly catholic spirit, were delivered, and the cause was 
fairly started in this country. A second meeting was held in 
the Rotundo, on April 21st, with the Hon. Justice Crampton 
in the chair, and proved to be one of the largest and most 
interesting assemblies that ever met in that building. The Rev. 
Robert Masaroon and Mr. Dawson D. Heather, with many others, 
took part in the proceedings. Other meetings were also held 
through the provinces. In Belfast the ministers firiendly to 
Evangelical union having met in the vestry of Fisherwick place 
meeting-house, arranged for a public service. Mr. Tackaberry 
says, " On Wednesday evening we had a meeting of ministers 
of all the Protestant denominations in town, to form a branch 
of the Evangelical Alliance. I have seen no meeting from which 
I augur so much good. I^et that spirit be diffused, .and the 
benefit to the Church of God will be incalculable." f Thus 
branches were formed in most of the important towns throughout 
the kingdom, and much was done to promote Evangelical union. 

About this time a young man of twenty-two, William Crook, 
jun., who has since then appeared more frequently on the platform 
than perhaps any other Methodist preacher in Ireland, made his 
maiden speech. It was during a tea-meeting at Gurteen; the 
house was densely crowded, and when he rose to speak he trembled 
so violently that almost every one present feared that the attempt 
was about to end in complete failure. The Rev. James Hughes, 
who was present, however, thought differently, and cried out 
lustily, " Hear, hear ! " Some boys in the house raised a hearty 
cheer, and the youthful orator was soon out of danger, making 
such a speech that Mr. Hughes questions if he ever heard a 
better one from him. Meanwhile the face of his father was a 

* Life and Labours of Rev. F. Tackaberry, p. 253. 
f Ibid, p. 262. 



CHAPTER XXVIL— 1846. 367 

perfect study; the big tears rolled down his cheeks, and his 
features glowed with delight.* 

The little Society at Crumlin received a most valuable addi- 
tion in Mr. James Johnson (a son of Mr. William Johnson f of 
Antrim), who having served his apprenticeship with his elder 
brother Alexander, and married Miss Eliza Thompson of Ardmore, 
settled in the town. Here he not only entered on a successful 
business career, but also an enlarged sphere of Christian useful- 
ness, in which he proved a loving and devoted husband, an affec- 
tionate and faithful father, and a true friend. His house was 
opened for the preachers, and they were ever . cordially welcomed 
and hospitably entertained. Each Sabbath he travelled to Antrim, 
a distance of seven miles, with great regularity, in order to attend 
the services of the Methodist Church, until Glenavy, which was 
more convenient, became part of the circuit. He was an earnest 
and profitable local preacher, whose ministrations were always 
welcomed by the congregations, and for many years he sustained 
with great efficiency and acceptance the office of circuit steward, 
attending most faithfully to every detail of his work.f 

Cheering reports are given of revival work in different parts 
of the kingdom. One of the most extensive of these appears 
to have been in connection with the labours of the Primitive 
Wesleyan Society on the Charlemont circuit, where Messrs. John 
Wherry and William P. Skuse were stationed. At Dungorman, 
the Sunday morning congregations having shown signs of 
increased spiritual life, arrangements were made for evening 
prayer-meetings, conducted by leaders from Dungannon. These 
services were signally owned of God ; " the floor of the house soon 
became literally covered with the penitents," and many were con- 
verted to God. For at least five months there was no abatement 
of the interest of the people in the services nor of the spirit 
which led them to bow in penitence at the throne of grace. The 
good work also extended to Derryadd, where the Lord poured out 
His Spirit abundantly. The revival here was remarkable for the 
large number who were enabled to believe when alone with God, 
and also for the many converted who had been amongst the most 

• Memorials of the.Bev. W. Crook, sen., p. 123. 

t Kwfe ii., p. 269. 

t IrUh Chriitim Adroeate^ U%^, i^. \7I^, 



368 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

notorious sinners in the country, including two leading pngi« 
lists.* 

The preachers of the Primitive Wesleyan Society appointed 
by their respective district meetings to attend the Conference 
assembled in the chapel, South Great George's street, Dublin, 
on June 24th, and after a public meeting for prayer, entered 
upon the usual inquiry into moral character and religious experi- 
ence. On the following morning the lay representatives were 
present, and Mr. Richard Robinson was elected Secretary. Three 
young men, including William Flaherty of the Queen's County 
mission and John Johnston, were received on trial. There was 
a decrease of one thousand and forty-two in the membership, 
chiefly on a few of the larger circuits, which were considered, 
notwithstanding their losses, " in a healthy and vigonms state.'* 
" Viewing the Connexion as a whole," it is said, " we have 
cheering evidence of increased stability and progress in piety.** 

On June 24th, also, the Wesleyan Conference commenced its 
sessions for the first time in the Centenary chapel, Dublin, with 
the Rev. Jacob Stanley as President and the Revs. Dr. Newton 
and John Lomas as Representatives. Four ministers were reported 
as having died during the year — John S. Wilson and William 
Kidd of Dublin, Richard Phillips of the Longford circuit, and 
Thomas Kerr of Lurgan. Messrs. Phillips and Kidd had preached 
the Gospel in the Connexion for more than forty years, while the 
venerable Thomas Kerr had been nearly sixty years engaged in 
the same hallowed work. The Rev. Henry Price was elected a 
member of the Legal Conference in the place of Mr. Phillips. 
James Hutchinson of Belfast South was received as having 
travelled twelve months ; and Samuel Ferguson of Cork, Joseph 
Johnston of Omagh, Richard Maxwell of Dublin, James Keys of 
Lowtherstown, James C. Bass, Mortlock Long, and Charles L. 
Grant were admitted on trial. Owing chiefly to emigration, 
which involved a loss of six hundred and thirty-three members, 
there was found to be a decrease in the membership of three 
hundred and eighty. The Rev. Daniel Macafee was elected Junior 
Representative to the British Conference, and in the Address to it 
a grateful expression of appreciation is given "of the move- 
ment among Christians of diflFerent denominations who hold 



CHAPTER XX vn. — 1840. 369 

the essential truths of the Gospel towards that unity of affection 
so strongly inculcated by the Great Author of our holy religion." 

The Bev. Eobert Huston having written to the Eev. Thomas 
Waugh, urging a revival of the evangelistic work that had been 
carried on so successfully by Ouseley and Graham, the proposal 
was adopted, and he himself, with the Rev. Anketell M. Hender- 
son, was appointed as a general missionary to the south of Ireland. 
The servants of God at once entered on their work, with cheering 
tokens of the Divine blessing. Commencing in Blackball place 
chapel, Dublin, a new class was formed, and at least one soul won 
for Christ. At Bandon, in the open air, a considerable number 
of Eomanists listened with respectful attention, while the mis- 
sionaries pointed the need and the way of salvation. At Skib- 
bereen a deep but quiet work took place, and a number, especially 
of young persons, were led to religious decision. At Cork the 
missionaries preached four times in the street, to attentive con- 
gregations, many of the members of which crowded into the 
chapel, and came forward to the rails to be prayed for. Not less 
than forty persons found peace, and twelve or thirteen perfect 
love, in the course of fourteen days. At Youghal such was the 
impression made that the lovefeast on the Sabbath was con- 
sidered the best those present had ever witnessed, while no less 
than seven persons testified to having received the pardon of 
their sins during the preceding week. At Waterford many 
Romanists attended the services, and there was a large number 
of penitents. At Arklow, after services in the open air, the 
chapel, erected about twenty-four years previously, was well 
filled, and the rails crowded with anxious seekers of salvation. 
At Gorey the crowd yelled at the missionaries, and assailed them 
with potatoes and rotten eggs, while one man, a Romanist, en- 
treated them to go on. At Clonmel five persons, including one 
Romanist, joined the Society. At Wexford several found peace 
with God, and seven gave in their names to be received on trial. 
At Enniscorthy, in the open air, hundreds listened to the message 
of mercy with eager attention. At Ballycanew eighteen new 
members were added to the classes. And at Camolin a new 
chapel was opened, and on the following Sabbath a lovefeast 
held. At the latter service two spoke who had been converted 
through the Divine bleasing on the Btie^V^x^^j^Jtocai^^ ^».^ ^K^^sixs^ 
roL. lu. *^^ 



370 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

young converts, the children of those who had taken a lively and 
liberal interest in the new building. 

The Bandon circuit sustained serious loss in the removal by 
death of two of its leading members. One was Mr. John Scott, 
who having laboured in connection with the Society for nearly 
sixteen years, and given promise of much usefulness, was suddenly 
called to the Church above, at the early age of thirty-seven. The 
other was Captain Poole, a retired military officer, who resided at 
Kilrush, and had long and faithfully worked for Christ and 
liberally supported His cause.* 

But a still more terrible blow was inflicted on the cause in 
Cork, by the unfaithfulness of one of the principal officials and 
most liberal supporters of the Society. Discipline was promptly 
and faithfully exercised, but wounds had been inflicted the 
scars at least of which remained for many years. With regard 
to this painful occurrence James Field observes, " I have not 
been able to write these several weeks ; my mind has been so 
distressed, and my nerves so singularly shaken, by numerous visits 
of friends and other persons, from both city and country, respect* 
ing the late unfortunate affair. Since Cork first received its 
name no man ever fell from so great a height of popularity to 
such a depth. Nor do I think religion ever got such a shock in 
this city previously. The chaff is swiftly flying from our Society. 
God grant none of the wheat may go with it ! " t 

At this period a youth of seventeen who for many years had 
enjoyed the love and esteem of his brethren became a member of 
the Society. James Donnelly was bom in December, 1828, at 
Carrickmacross. In early life he was the subject of Divine 
influence, and had the advantage of parental religious instruction, 
the benefit of which happily remains until now. Amongst the 
influences which in early life were most potent for good, and by 
which more especially his after-course was shaped, the chief place 
must be assigned to the ministry of the Gospel in connection with 
Methodism. This was followed up by identification with the 
Methodist Church, which he formally joined at Cootehill in 1846, 
In the March of the following year, during the ministry of the Rev, 
William M'Garvey, the happy experience of personal reconciliation 

* Primitive We^leyan Methodist Magazine^ 1847,^p. 8ia 
f Hemolrs of James Field, p» Vl% 



CHAPTBR XXVII.— 1846. 371 

Grod took place. His heart was deeply moved while 
attending a lovefeast, and the next evening, after a quiet 
conversation with a Christian lady, when walking home, he was 
enabled to rest his soul in the confidence of faith upon the Lord 
Jesus, and enter into the joy of direct communion with God. 
He was put to work for Christ at once, and in the Sunday-schoo], 
in tract distribution, and in holding prayer-meetings exercise 
was found for the faculties of the new life. As might be expected 
grace rapidly grew through such earnest use, and in a short time 
it marked out its exemplary subject for employment as a class- 
leader. The progress so rapidly made vras a presage of the lofty 
character and distinguished usefulness which, all through, have 
marked this much-esteemed minister's career. 

At Ballynure Mr. Robert Beatty, deeply impressed with the 
necessity for better accommodation for religious services, drew 
out himself a plan for a chapel, got the neighbouring farmers to 
assist him in carting building materials, superintended the 
erection, and eventually presented the building to the Connexion, 
free of debt, for which he received the thanks of the Conference. 
The opening service was conducted by the Rev, Daniel Macafee. 
There were then about seventy members of the Society connected 
with the congregation, but the subsequent closing of the cotton 
mill led many to remove from the neighbourhood. 

At Belfast the increase of the number of worshippers in 
Donegal square chapel required an increase of accommodation, and 
the state of the premises left much room for improvement, 
therefore Mr. William M'Connell promised to contribute :61,500 
towards the erection of a new house as soon as a similar sum was 
collected. The Rev. William Stewart succeeded in raising the 
required amount, having, by an arrangement of the Conference, 
travelled through the kingdom to procure it, and the project was 
started. On Sunday evening. May 24th, the Rev. James Hutchinson 
preached, from Hebrews iii. 8, the last sermon in the old edifice. 
On July 2nd the foundation-stone of the new building was 
laid, in the presence of a large assembly, by Mr. M'Connell, and 
an eloquent address was delivered by the Rev. Dr. Newton, who 
had been specially requested by the Conference to be present. 
The architect was Mr. Isaac Farrell of Dublin, and the builder 
Mr. James Carlisle. The Society, \iOiv^Nei) ^«%& Vj ^^ Ts^ssaa. 



372 



HISTORY OF METHODISM. 



unanimous iii their judgment as to the project. While all 
admitted the necessity for a new and much better chapel, some 
leading and influential members, including Mr. Edward Tucker, 
strongly advocated the securing of another and larger site in 
Bedford street, and did so in such a way that the May district 
meeting in Belfast passed a resolution of sympathy with Mr. 
Stewart in the painful circumstances through which he had 
passed, and this resolution was cordially approved by the 
Conference. On August 15th the Rev. Henry Price, who was 
appointed superintendent of the circuit, writes, " The chapel is 
progressing rapidly, and we hope it will be completed at the 
appointed time and ready for the reception of our next Conference. 
Mr. Darby and I do all we can to promote peace. A very large 
loss in the Society and congregation is inevitable ; but if formal 
separation can be avoided, our new chapel will afford us an 
unobjectionable place in which to worship, and through the 
Divine blessing we may ultimately regain our position."* We 
may add that during the rebuilding of the chapel the usual 
services were held in the Music Hall, May street. 

♦ Unpublished Letter to Rev. Thomas Waugh, 



CHAPTEB XXyill. 

1847. 

"The year 1847," it has been truly said, "supplies one of the 
most melancholy chapters in the history of Ireland." Trade had 
been good, prosperity had smiled on the people, and although 
for some preceding seasons the potato crop had partially failed^ 
there was abundance of food ; but in the heart of the nation the 
spirit of disloyalty smouldered, like a pent-up fire, only waiting 
to burst forth in the lurid flames of rebellion and murder. An 
extensive organization, arranged and carried out by O'Connell 
and his partisans, existed, and hundreds of thousands of the 
farmers and peasantry attended aggregate monster meetings for 
enforcing the repeal of the Union. Popery had laid her plans, and 
was watching her opportunity to deluge the country with blood. 
Her fell spirit was burning in the heart and frowning in the 
countenance of millions of her deluded votaries, when God 
Himself interposed in judgment. This Divine visitation was, no 
doubt, the means of saving the country from the curse of a most 
fatal civil war. The dire calamity came so unexpectedly and so 
suddenly that the most reckless were awed and the most 
indifferent startled into thoughtfulness. The seed had been 
deposited in the earth, the season was propitious, and the crop 
itself most luxuriant, when, early in July, 1846, the hand of God 
was laid upon it. One night the people retired to rest, having 
looked on smiling fields, promising abundance, and in the morning 
they beheld those fields blackened and blasted, the seed rotten 
under the clod, and gaunt famine staring them in the face. 
The potato blight was almost universal, and thus the food of the 
great portion of the inhabitants was destroyed. In December 
upwards of five thousand wretched beings were begging in the 
streets of Cork, and when utterly exV^a.^%V^ ^2c«:^^ ^» "^^^^^ 



374 HISTORY OF MBTH0DI8M. 

workhouse to die. In rural districts children, looking like old 
men and women, through the effects of hunger, were to be seen 
sitting in groups at cabin doors, silent and sad, and not a few of 
the poor lived for days or weeks on turnips or cabbages. Early in 
1847 the accounts from all quarters, particularly from the south 
and west, were most appalling. In Skibbereen there was constant 
use for a death-car with movable end, in which the dead were 
carried to the graveyard, and there dropped into the ground. 
The Rev. William Reilly, when on a missionary deputation, says, 
" Returning from Bantry through Drimoleague, for several miles 
the country seemed deserted ; there was not a stir, where business 
at this season was usually brisk ; all was still as death, the cabins 
were shut up, and hardly a living soul was to be seen. Drimo- 
league itself presented a melancholy picture, with numbers of 
wretched creatures standing in the street, leaning on sticks, and 
perfectly delirious." 

As time advanced the prospect became still more dismal. 
With famine came its usual attendant, fever of the most malignant 
type. Hundreds and thousands were swept to their graves, and 
the pestilence raged with the most fearful effect amongst those 
who, more than all, were least able to guard against it. The 
workhouses were filled to overflow, and the number of the inmates 
at length became so great that the overcrowding of the houses 
became a source of the very evil which they had been erected 
partially to prevent. The smaller farmers were reduced to rain, 
and those beneath them were thrown into absolute destitution. 
The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry writes from Sligo, "The state of 
this town and circuit is awful beyond anything which can be 
imagined unless seen. No written statement can convey the 
reality ; famine, dysentery, fever, death everywhere ! Oh, 
'tis positively appalling ! " And again, " Things are in an awful 
state. Many are dying, many must die. Oh, the misery I witness ! 
Jehovah's red right arm is bared, is stretched forth ; His lightning 
flashes ; but who regards it ? " 

Government was at length aroused to the necessity for exercis- 
ing its paternal care for the people, and came forward with 
conmiendable readiness to meet the evil. Ten millions sterling 
was voted by the Legislature for the relief of Ireland. Corn was 
rapidly bought up and shipped to this country. Dep&ts of 



CHAPTER XXYHL; — 1847. 876 

provisions were established in convenient parts of the distressed 
districts, and commissaries appointed for their proper distribu- 
tion among the starving people. Large cargoes of Indian meal 
were also purchased and consigned for the use of the sufferers. 
In March there were employed in public works 734,000 persons, 
representing so many families, or upwards of three millions of 
individuals. 

Nor was there any lack of private enterprise and benevolence. 
Many thousands of pounds were forwarded as the contributions 
of personal charity. The Methodists of Great Britain were not 
behindhand in this respect, and contributed nearly £6,000, which 
passed through the hands of Irish Methodist ministers, and was 
distributed by them irrespective of religious profession. Local 
committees also were formed, consisting of all religious denomina- 
tions, and by these subscriptions were collected, soup-kitchens 
opened, and everything possible done to alleviate the prevailing 
distress. The Bev. James Collier, who was on the Gastlebar 
circuit, says, " The famine and fever prevailed most at Westport 
and Newport, and the scenes witnessed were most heartrending. 
The first soup-kitchen was opened at Gastlebar, and was attended 
by the priest, the Church minister, and the Methodist preachers, 
each taking charge of it in turn." The Rev. William Keilly states 
that "the crowds of starving people, crawling into town from 
the surrounding country, rendered this duty almost unbearable. 
The appearance of the sufferers was appalling, and no description 
could convey an adequate conception of the sights presented to 
the eye and the sounds of misery that fell on the ear." The 
Eev. Fossey Tackaberry writes, "I have given from three to 
five hours a day in town, and often in the country, to visiting the 
poor, the sick, and the dying, and I generally visit three Romanist 
families for one Protestant ; " and again, " I have got tracts from 
our Book Room, which I give and lend as I visit. I pray with 
most of the Protestants, and I tell the Romanists of Him who 
made satisfaction for them on Calvary." Mrs. Whittaker and 
other members of the Society also availed themselves of the 
opportunity afforded for doing spiritual and temporal good, 
visiting the sick, the needy, and the dying, and as much as 
possible ministering to their necessities. 

Heartrending as was the task of «Lt\«ixs^V\xi% \ft t^^^?^^ *<is^ 



376 HISTOBY OF METHODISM. 

suffering, and thus to witness such awful spectacles, it was also 
exceedingly perilous. Every effort to afford relief was attended 
with danger. The clothes the famine-stricken people wore, the 
bags in which they received their supplies, and the very air they 
breathed were charged with pestilence, and many thus fell 
martyrs to their Christian devotion. The Rev. Fossey Tackaberry 
of Sligo, the Bev. William Richey of Youghal, Mr. Thomas Bryan 
of Dunmanway, and Mr. William N. Alley of Galway, all in the 
prime of life and in the midst of great usefulness, were thus 
smitten with disease, and after brief illnesses, entered into the 
joy of their Jjord. 

While thus famine and pestilence continued their march of 
death through the land, filling it with lamentation, and mourning, 
and woe, those who could fled from the country to America or 
Australia, to seek an asylum from the troubles of their own land, 
while thousands at home were hurried into eternity. Thus in 
four or five years Ireland lost two millions, or about one-fourth 
of its population. Society was shaken to its centre. Every 
institution of the land suffered, and the wave of desolation swept 
over the country, burying beneath its dark waters the hopes of 
millions. As might be expected, the religious institutions of the 
land suffered severely, and those ministers of the Gospel whose 
support was derived from the freewill offerings of their people 
felt, in some instances sorely, the prevailing financial depression, 
and were yet to feel it more. 

Meantime evangelistic work was not neglected. Messrs. Huston 
and Henderson continued their labours as general missionaries, 
with manifest tokens of the Divine blessing. On the Linaerick 
circuit, both in the city and country, souls were won for Christ, 
and at least twenty-six new members enrolled. Subsequently 
the Rev. Thomas Hickey wrote, "Those who were made happy 
during your visit continue to walk in the light of God's counte- 
nance, and some others have stepped into glorious liberty." At 
Borrisokane, where two of the members a short time previously 
had their houses burned over them, and one of the leaders had 
been murdered, crowds of Romanists, returning from mass, 
listened to the glad tidings of salvation, at first with surprise, and 
then with an interest that showed the word had not been spoken 
jn vain. At Cloughjordan ttie Tma^VoxL^xV^^ «^ent one of the 



CHAPTBR xxrni. — 1487, 377 

happiest Sabbaths they had ever enjoyed. At Camolin a blessed 
and fruitful lovefeast was held. At Ballycanew some obtained a 
sense of pardon, and two joined the Society. At Clonegall, where 
a chapel had been erected twelve years previously, the prayer- 
meeting was one of uncommon power. At Newtownbarry, in the 
open air, the rabble raised a great uproar, many of them yelled 
like fiends, and it appeared as if the devil had not only inflamed 
their passions, but invigorated every member and organ of their 
bodies, but all in vain. The servants of God were enabled to 
deliver their message ; as elsewhere, many were eager to hear, and 
a large congregation was attracted to the chapel, where nine 
persons joined the Society. At Wexford a new class was formed, 
and twenty new members were received. At Tinahely there was 
a memorable Sabbath, during which the services were rich in 
Divine power. At Rathdrum, in the market, crowds listened to 
the message of mercy with deep interest. At Wicklow, in the 
open air, numbers thronged to hear the word preached, and in the 
chapel the rails were filled with anxious seekers, of whom several 
were converted and four joined the Society. At Arklow a new 
class was formed. At New Boss, where a chapel had been erected 
six years previously, the out-door service was attended by all the 
ministers of the district, as well as by a large number of deeply 
impressed strangers. At Enniscorthy the missionaries preached 
from the steps of the market-house ; hundreds in front, as well as 
in the doors and windows around, listened with marked attention ; 
and in the chapel subsequently distinct good was done. At Athy 
there were at least fifteen conversions, and several backsliders 
were restored. At Castlecomer several Bomanists followed the 
missionaries into the chapel. At Hacketstown the Lord was 
signally present, and amongst those led to the Saviour was a 
young man who stood up and acknowledged what the Lord had 
done for his soul, and in a most affecting manner exhorted his 
young companions to seek the happiness he had found. At 
TuUow two brothers of a Methodist minister had their back- 
slidings healed, and were restored to the joys of God*s salvation. 
At Drogheda there were stirring and hopeful services. At Dun- 
dalk, in the market square, there was a most attentive audience, 
and in the chapel a delightful meeting. At Newry there were 
blessed services. And at Belfast, m V\i« o\^«vi ^^ ^crs^ ^>a- 



378 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

hundred persons listened with fixed and solemn attention, while 
many wept. 

Nor were the Primitive Wesleyans without special tokens of 
the Lord's blessing. Mr. George Stewart, on March 19th, writes 
from Cavan, " To-day we held our quarterly meeting in this town, 
and it was said by some of the oldest persons present that they 
never had seen the like before. Such a number of young converts, 
and such a holy influence as rested on all present, I also never 
witnessed previously. We have now nearly two hundred converts, 
and we seem only in the beginning of the work. All the leaders 
appear to have caught the fire, and to be determined to work for 
the Lord. The revival began in a small prayer-meeting, and it 
spread, bringing under its influence whole femilies and some 
Boman Catholics. Old classes are increased, and two new ones 
have been formed." * 

On Sunday, June 20th, the new and beautiful chapel in 
Donegal square, Belfast, having been completed at a cost of 
£5,500, was opened for Divine worship. The Rev. William 
Atherton, President of the Conference, preached in the morning, 
from Malachi iii. 1, the Rev. Henry Cooke, D.D., in the afternoon, 
from 1 John v. 4, and the President again in the evening. On 
the following Sabbath the Rev. Dr. Newton preached, morning 
and evening, and the amount collected at the five services was 
£240 19». 5d. 

The annual Conference of the Wesleyan Methodist ministers 
was held in Belfast, and commenced on June 24th, with the Rev. 
William Atherton in the chair. The Rev. Dr. Newton was also 
present. Three candidates, including Samuel Johnston, were 
received on trial. In addition to the devoted Fossey Tackaberry, 
three ministers had been called from the field of labour to the 
fruition of reward — David Waugh of Banbridge, Richard Price of 
Killashee, and Andrew Hamilton of Dublin ; and all three had 
been laborious and successful men, had retired through age and 
infirmity from the active work, and had in old age and death left 
strong and cheering testimonies to the power of that Gospel 
which it had been the joy of their hearts to proclaim to others. 
In reviewing the work of the year much that was painfully 
affecting was disclosed. Affliction, disease, and death had jHre- 

^Primitite Weileya% Jtfcthodirt Magax\TveA^VI,t*l^*«« 



CHAPTEB XXVUL— 1847# 879 

vailed to an extent never before known. As nearly as could be 
ascertained, the number of members who had died was not less 
than one thousand; while fifteen hundred and twenty-one had 
emigrated, including many of the most pious, useful, and enter- 
prising of the people. In numerous localities, where the propor- 
tion of Protestants was comparatively small, classes were broken 
up, congregations scattered, and the places where the ministers 
had been entertained closed. The several funds of the C!onnexion 
suflFered, but the deficiency was much less than might have been 
anticipated. With regard to the general mission it is said, '* We 
rejoice, and doubtless you will rejoice with us, at the undoubted 
success of the experiment. Our brethren separated to that 
onerous work have preached in the streets and fields, the fairs 
and markets, with little interruption and with great encourage- 
ment. The result is a settled conviction of the utility of such an 
agency, as being peculiarly suited to the condition of the country. 
Nor does it any longer remain a question whether such a system 
of instruction be practicable. We regret, therefore, that instead 
of extending this department of our work to other provinces, our 
want of means obliges us to discontinue it for the present.'' * A 
large and influential committee of ministers and laymen was 
formed, to review the concerns of the Wesleyan Connexional 
School. This was the fourth annual mixed committee appointed 
by the Conference, the others being the Missionary, the Building, 
and the Chapel Fund committees. The Bev. William Lupton was 
appointed Junior Representative to the British Conference. 

On June 30th the preachers of the Primitive Wesleyan Con- 
ference assembled in Dublin, and on the following morning were 
joined by the lay representatives. Mr. Alexander Stewart was 
elected President, and Mr. George H. Lrwin Secretary. Two 
candidates were received on trial, and three preachers were 
reported as having died. These latter were Edward Bowes of 
Maguiresbridge, William Gunne of Dundalk, and the venerable 
Adam Averell, in the ninety-third year of his age and the 
seventieth of his ministry. His piety beautified, as with sunset 
hues, his last days, and the infirmities of extreme age did not mar 
its blessedness. '' The blessed Jesus ! " he exclaimed, as he was 
about to step into the valley of the shadow of death — '^ one look 

* Minutes of the IiiBh Ck>TifieTOiice/m«^'^^*W 



380 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

at Him is worth all the world." ** Oh, thank God ! I feel my soul 
happy in God. He is perfecting His work in me, and I can 
* rejoice evermore, pray without ceasing, and in everything give 
thanks.' I can tell from experience that the Lord is the Lord God, 
merciful and gracious." " Holy ! holy ! holy ! " were his last 
audible words. 

The decrease in the membership amounted to two thousand 
three hundred and twelve, with regard to which it is said, " The 
great distress which prevailed over the kingdom forced many of 
our beloved members to emigrate to distant lands ; death * plied 
his busy sickle,' so that a large number departed this life and 
have obtained the inheritance that passeth not away ; and local 
causes have operated in reducing our numbers." The funds of 
the Society also suffered considerably, there being a deficiency in 
the Mission Fund of £464, together with £186 in other funds 
connected with the work. This deficit, however, was largely met 
at the annual breakfast-meeting, when unexpectedly and spon- 
taneously the sum of £410 was subscribed, thus enabling the 
itinerants to continue their hallowed work. Mr. John Wherry was 
appointed Book Steward, an office which he sustained with eflBciency 
for eight years. 

On the Belfast North circuit a very cheering revival took 
place, chiefly through the Divine blessing on the labours of the 
Rev. Anketell M. Henderson. A large number of young men and 
young women were led to religious decision, many of whom sub- 
sequently occupied important positions of usefulness in connection 
with the Society, not only in Belfast, but also in other parts of 
Ireland and England. These included Mr. Hugh Anderson, now 
of Portadown, the Thomas family, Mr. John Hargraves, after- 
wards Mayor of Carlisle, Mr. M^Cappin, who died early, very 
happy in Christ, Miss Walker, who married and settled in 
Manchester, and others, not to refer to a few who " did run well," 
but only for a time, and then turned aside. 

At Portadown the Primitive Wesleyan chapel erected in 1843 
having been purchased by the Ulster Railway Company, a new 
preaching-house and residence were erected in a better position, 
chiefly through the exertions of Mr. William Lindsay* The 
opening services of the chapel took place on Sunday, October 
3rd, when Mr. John Graham i^teafiVied vcl the morning, from 



PHAPTER XXVIII. — 1847. 381 

2 Peter i. 4 ; Mr. George Revington in the afternoon, from 
Revelation xii. 1 1 ; and Mr. James GriflSn in the evening, from 
John i. 29. The congregations were large, including several 
leading members of the Wesleyan Methodist Society, the sermons 
were good, and the collections amounted to upwards of £20.* 

At TuUyroan also, the Primitive Wesleyan congregation having 
outgrown the place they were wont to assemble in, a chapel was 
erected, mainly through the influence and efforts of Mr. Johnston 
Lightbody. Having presented to the Society a suitajple site, he 
took a principal part in collecting the necessary funds, superin- 
tended the work of erection, and on its completion rejoiced 
greatly in "having found a place for the Lord, an habitation for 
the mighty God of Jacob." The opening services were conducted 
on October 17th, when Mr. James GriflSn preached in the morning 
from Matthew xxviii. 20, and in the evening from Acts ii. 1 — 4. 
A blessed influence from on high rested on the congregations, 
which were deeply attentive and unexpectedly large. At these 
services, and a tea-meeting on the following evening, about £21 
was raised.t 

Towards the close of the year one of the oldest members of the 
Society, Mrs. Frizzell of Dungorman, was removed by death. The 
friends who knew this venerable servant of God best, and 
especially the members of the class that long met in her room, 
regarded her with a veneration almost superhuman. One who 
lived as her companion for twenty-three years said that " every 
week of that time Mrs. Frizzell appeared to be getting more like 
the Lord Jesus." Such, indeed, were her well-knpwn benevolence 
and consistency of character that she was highly esteemed and 
dearly loved, as a devoted sister in the Lord, by members of other 
Christian communions than the Methodist Society. Even Roman 
Catholics acknowledged "if there could be a saint among Pro- 
testants, Molly Frizzell must be one." She warned the sinfrd 
and careless faithfully, and yet withal so lovingly as to win their 
respect. Her very face was a doxology, and seemed to shine with 
a celestial radiance that in itself told unmistakably of the peace 
and joy which she realized. A few hours in her society often 
drew from strangers the acknowledgment that she was the most 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magwvne^ 1847^ ^V« 4j8(\•^^« 
t Ibid, pp. 462-64. 



S82 



HISTORY OF METHODISM. 



happy Christian they had ever met. Two days before she died 
she related her Christian experience, and oonoluded by saying, 
with her raised hands clasped together, " Weak in body, bat com- 
pletely happy in God." On the 27th of November, while one of 
the leaders was engaged in prayer, her happy spirit passed away 
to its glorious and everlasting home. Thas died, after a life of 
ninety-six years, " the Mother of Methodism in Killyman," the 
last in all that neighboorhood of the noble band of early 
Methodists. 



CHAPTER XXIX 

1848. 

Mr. Dawson D. Heather, as Travelling Secretary, having visited 
a namber of the circuits and missions of the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society in Ulster, gives a cheering report of his tour. Of 
Downpatrick he says, " For some time past the work of conversion 
has been going forward on this circuit. The deputation felt 
much comforted and encouraged by frequent intercourse with 
many persons who had recently been brought to the knowledge 
of the truth as it is in Jesus. The ardent love for souls, the 
burning zeal, and the simple but successful efforts of the converts 
to bring all within the circle of their influence to Christ showed 
how much good might be done were all the Lord's people so to 
feel and act." On the Glenavy mission a considerable number 
of souls, within a few months, had sought and found pardoning 
mercy in Christ. On the Augnacloy mission the congregations 
had greatly improved, some souls had found the way to the feet 
of Jesus, and means were used for the promotion of a revival of 
the Lord's work. On the Charlemont circuit " much Divine 
influence rested on both speakers and hearers, the congregations 
were greatly increased, and many felt the Gospel to be the power 
of God unto their salvation." At a protracted meeting in Armagh 
a great number of persons were so deeply convinced of sin as to 
cry earnestly to God for redemption through the blood of the 
Lamb, and about thirty testified to having obtained the pardon- 
ing mercy of God. Mr. Heather says, in conclusion, that he had 
not for years witnessed a more general anxiety and preparedness 
for a great work of God in the conversion of sinners than he 
discovered on many of the stations and circuits he had just 
visited.* 

* Primitive Wesleyan Methodigt Maga%\i^^\^^^\^V^~'^^ 



384 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

Not less cheering were the reports furnished by several of the 
missionaries. Mr. Edward Sullivan of Clonmel says, " The Lord 
has opened up my way into Carrick-on-Suir, one of the most 
Boman Catholic towns in Tipperary. I preached twice in a room 
in the old castle, for the use of which a few persons paid five 
shillings and sixpence each time ; but the priest interfered, and 
prevented my getting it again. I then took another room, but 
of this also I was deprived by the same person. Now I preach in 
a private room, which I have hired, and about thirty persons 
attend each service." From Kells Mr. James Bobinson, jun., 
writes, " I have, during the past quarter, had two openings for 
preaching, in a district between Navan and Rathmolyon, where 
there had been no Methodism and the people were far from any 
Protestant place of worship. Our new class in Navan is doing 
well, and the friends there are delighted when the time of my 
visit arrives. Congregations are on the increase, some souls have 
been convinced, and throughout the whole winter Boman Catholics 
have attended the preaching of the Gospel, and appeared particu- 
larly attentive." Mr. John M*Ilroy, who was appointed to 
Augnacloy, states, " The Lord has been pleased to acknowledge 
the preaching of His word, and the December quarterly meet^- 
ings also were times of spiritual refreshing. One class that had 
fallen away has been raised up again and is doing well, and 
other classes have had an accession of members. The country 
congregations have greatly increased, and places where preach- 
ing had been discontinued have been re-opened, and appear to 
prosper. Concerning Antrim Mr. Robert Kerr reports having 
obtained an opening in the village of Milltown, where the attend- 
ance was good.* 

From the county of Cork, however, a report was furnished by 
Mr. Thomas C. Maguire, and it supplied some details of a very 
diflFerent kind. It appears that on Sunday, March 26th, one of 
the Irish teachers at Newmarket, having engaged in a religious 
discussion with a Boman Catholic, took a Bible from his pocket, 
to prove the truth of his statements ; but the sight of the Word 
of God so provoked the bigoted Bomanist that he violently 
wrested the volume from the hand of the teacher, ran out into 

the street, and set the book on fire. Two women, whose hearts 

- - - ■- ■_ - — ^ 

. * Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Ma9axiiie,\%4ft,^i^« 148-58. 



CHAPTBR XXIX. — 1848. 885 

were grieved at this wicked act, entreated him to desist, saying 
that he was burning that which told him of the sufferings and 
death of the Saviour, and their importunity prevailed for a while. 
In a few minutes afterwards, however, being encouraged by others 
to go on, he took the Bible into the house of another Romanist, 
and there, amidst great rejoicing, committed it to the flames. 
This proved but the beginning of similar acts on a larger scale. 
On the following day the zealots of Popery went through the 
town, collected all the Bibles they could lay hands on, and having 
smeared them with tar, threw them into a large fire, kindled for 
the purpose in the open street. Some of the copies of the sacred 
volume, half burned, were lifted up on sticks and tossed up in 
the air, while the ungodly multitude shouted with fiendish 
exultation. During this unholy carnival many of the inhabitants 
of the town seemed greatly pleased, and illuminated their houses, 
as if exulting in the news of a great victory. On the next day 
the Bible-burning was renewed, with, if possible, increased delight. 
As Mr. Maguire concluded his sermon several cries were heard in 
the street, saying, " We will give him more light," and thus, 
again the horrible work was reconmienced. As the missionary 
returned from the service he noticed one man holdidg up a 
burning Bible on a stick, while others kicked the blessed book 
in and out of the fire, clapping their hands and shouting, " The 
Bibles are burnt ! the Bibles are burnt ! " It was indeed a sad 
spectacle.* 

There were at this time in connection with the Wesleyan 
Methodist Conference twenty-four missionaries in Ireland, who 
preached the Gospel to nearly eight thousand hearers, and had 
between two and three thousand members of Society and fifty- 
three Sunday-schools under their care. There were also in 
different parts of the kingdom sixty-three daily schools, with 
about four thousand scholars. The reports from many of the 
mission stations were on the whole very cheering. From Lucan^ 
and Trim the Bev. John Feely writes, "The congregations are 
good and the Societies prosperous, but continual emigrations 
and removals prevent an increase in numbers." The Rev. Edward 
M. Banks of Kilkenny says, " Not a few have been turned from 
darkness to light and firom the power of Satan to that ofGod^ 

* PHmUive WeOeyan Methodic Magaftiue,\^%) V^«*^Vkfl. 
VOL, in. '^ 



386 BISTORT OF METHGDISH. 

and are now joined with us in Church fellowship ; bat in oommcMi 
with others, we have suffered by emigration, several of our best 
people and most liberal supporters having removed to distant 
lands." At Kinsale there was a general improvement in the 
congregations and Society; two new places for preaching were 
opened, and the prospect of usefulness was encouraging. The 
Rev. Frederick Elliott, who was appointed to Berehaven Mines, 
states, " There has been a great increase in many of our congre- 
gations, numbers have been awakened to a sense of their sinfid- 
ness and danger, and some led to believe on the Lord Jesus 
Christ for present salvation." 

Concerning Ballinasloe the Rev. James Sullivan reports, 
" The influence of famine has been felt as extensively as in the 
preceding year. Fever and dysentery have overspread the town 
and country, and still seem to be on the increase, producing fear- 
ful mortality. Emigration, destitution, and disease have taken 
from us some of our excellent people and greatly thinned some 
of our congregations ; but those who remain joyfully hear the 
word and value it, having felt it to be the power of God to their 
salvation. The missionary has had the opportunity of speaking 
to hundreds of Roman Catholics on the subject of their salvation, 
and in general they have listened with attention, and often with 
deep emotion." At Killaloe, where the Rev. Henry Greddes was 
stationed, it appeared that notwithstanding the serious loss sus- 
tained by emigration, the congregations were in general large and 
attentive. In the public services the power of the Spirit was 
sometimes remarkably present, which was evident from the 
'* solemn and earnest hearing, visible emotion, and fervent 
prayer" of the people. From Galway the Rev. James Henry 
writes, " Notwithstanding the number of emigrations, removals, 
and deaths that have taken place, the cause sustains a decidedly 
more promising character than it did. The congregations are 
good, many have come under the quickening influence of the 
Holy Spirit, and a few have been added to the Society.'* The 
Rev. Joseph Johnston of Erris says, "Although fever, fiamine^ 
and destitution have prevaQed on this mission, and some of our 
best friends have suffered much, we have been enabled to porove 
the truth of God's word, ' The Lord is good, a stronghold in the 
day of trouble^ and He knowetli them that trust in Him.' In 



CHAPTER XXIX. — 1848. 387 

the different localities where I preach the children have received 
religious instruction, and have committed to memory large por- 
tions of the Scriptures, together with the Wesleyan Catechism 
and hymns. The greater part of the Protestant inhabitants attend 
the services, and others come occasionally." 

On the Donegal mission the Eev. William Guard found the 
congregations in general very large ; many were led to experience 
the regenerating grace of God, and not a few in the midst of 
deep poverty could rejoice with joy unspeakable and fall of glory ; 
but owing to the distress which prevailed and the number of 
emigrants, an increase in the membership could not be returned. 
The Rev. James Donald, who was appointed to Eathmelton, states, 
** We have had many seasons of refreshing from the presence of 
the Lord, particularly at our lovefeasts; the daily and Sunday 
schools are prospering, and the leaders are much quickened.'* 
Concerning Newtownlimavady the Eev. Edward Harpur reports, 
" This mission is in a state of improvement ; the congregations are 
considerably increased, the people hear the word with deep atten- 
tion and seriousness, and the Societies are in general growing in 
piety and steadiness. We have had some new openings, where 
the word is received with gladness, and both the daily and Sabbath 
schools are healthy and prosperous." At Ballycastle it appears 
that three new places were opened, in each of which there was 
preaching once a month, and in several oth^r new places occa- 
sional services were held ; two new classes were formed, and 
a children's Bible-class started, which proved the means of 
good. 

The annual Conference of the Wesleyan ministers was held 
in Dublin, and commenced its sittings on June 23rd, under the 
presidency of the Bev. Samuel Jackson. The Rev. Dr. Newton 
was also present. The Rev. William Stewart having for eight 
years sustained the oflSce of Secretary with much ability, now, 
through age and infirmities, retired, and the Rev. John F. 
Mathews was elected in his place. Thomas W. Baker, who had 
been called out during the year, was received as having travelled 
twelve months ; and John Dwyer of Dublin, George Chambers of 
Newtownstewart, William Christie of Barry, Longford, William 
Crook, jun., Edward Best, James Carey, and Colin M^K-ks; ^^x^ 
admitted on trial. Four ministers wete Te^TVyfe^^^'&\ivrax% ^^^ 



388 HISTORY OF MBTHODISM. 

One of these, Archibald Campbell of Dublin, in advanced age was 
called to his eternal reward ; another, George Deery of Omaghy 
had not completed his term of probation; and two, William 
Richey of Youghal and William Starkey of Kinsale, were in the 
midst of their days and their usefulness William A. Darby 
resigned, being about to enter the Episcopal Church, and Claudius 
Byrne and Robert Jessop, as they were about to emigrate to 
America. The decrease in the number of members amounted to 
nearly fifteen hundred. "Various causes," it is said, "may be 
assigned for this. The lingering influence of the previous calamity 
has robbed us of many of our people. The activity and zeal of 
other Evangelical parties, who are better able than ourselves to 
establish schools and call forth additional labourers, may also be 
noticed as a partial cause. The poverty resulting from the pres- 
sure of famine and pestilence has contributed its share towards 
this result, inasmuch as many, through mistaken notions of 
independence, are unwilling to be found amongst us while unable 
to contribute to our funds. But the chief cause has been that 
society in Ireland is in a state of transition ; the agitated state 
of the country has paralyzed trade and produced additional dis- 
tress ; and multitudes have expatriated themselves through dread 
of coming evils and a desire to enjoy peace and prosperity." * 

A still further view of the state of the country is given 
in the Address to the British Conference. " At the present crisis,'' 
it is said, " in the history of this land of spiritual darkness and 
consequent degradation, a crisis in which licentiousness would 
destroy liberty, anarchy displace rule, and abounding iniquity 
overflow all that is righteous, a crisis in which Popery and 
Infidelity have openly and professedly combined to repudiate 
British connection, trample on constituted authority, treat our 
rulers with insolence and contempt, and aim at overturning the 
institutions of the empire, it surely becomes us, as faithful 
followers of our venerable Founder, and guardians of the principles 
left us by our fathers, unitedly and cordially to declare not only 
our unabated, but increasing attachment to you, as our fathers 
and brethren in this ministry, and also to the constitution of the 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which makes us 
of one nation, as we are of one heart. With you we acknowledge 

• Minutes oi ikie lm\i Ooiil«t«si«cft, yl\., \» 4S4% 



CHAPTER XXIX.— 1848. 889 

but one Sovereign, the Queen, whom may God bless ! one House 
of Lords, one House of Commons, one kingdqm, and one undivided 
people. Organized agitations and revolutionary threats have only 
pressed us more closely together, and awakened our energies afresh 
in support of union, law, and order. As Christian men and 
ministers, as followers of the ardent and consistent loyalty of 
Wesley, and as disinterested lovers of our country, we cling to 
and rejoice in the Union, because it is essential to the greatness 
and stability of the empire, the prosperity of commerce, the per- 
petuity of Protestantism, and the operations of our well-adapted 
system to the moral wants of Ireland. The natural tendency of 
principles and theories in opposition to these sentiments would 
be to give ascendency to the Man of Sin, hand over our country 
to the unrestrained tyranny of priests, drive Protestants from our 
soil, and speedily produce a dissolution of our Societies and 
Connexion." * Holding such sentiments, it is not surprising that 
in an official reply to an Address presented by the Irish Con- 
ference to the Lord Lieutenant we find the following passage : 
" During the century that has elapsed since the establishment of 
your community as a distinct body by the Rev. John Wesley 
all the statesmen who have had a share in the administration of 
the British empire have uniformly found your body distinguished 
by the steadiness of its loyalty, and its unvarying maintenance 
of the principles of constitutional law and social order.*' t 

The preachers of the Primitive Wesleyan Society met in 
Dublin on June 28th, for the examination of character ; and on 
the following day, having been joined by the lay representatives, 
the Conference was constituted, and Mr. Alexander Stewart 
re-elected President, and Mr. George H. Irwin Secretary. One 
€andidate, James Wilson, then on the Wicklow mission, wae 
received on trial. No death had taken place, during the year, 
in the ranks of the itinerants. The decrease in the number of 
members reported amounted to nine hundred and forty-one, con- 
cerning which it is said, "When we consider the numbers who 
have emigrated during the past year and the number of deaths 
which have occurred we feel exceedingly grateful to Almighty 



* Minates of the Irish Conference, iii., pp. 432-3. 
t Jifid, p. 454. 



390 HISTOBT OF METHODISM. 

God that our Society has been preserved in such a comparative 
state of prosperity." . 

During the sessions of the British Conference a special feeling 
of sympathy was excited on behalf of this country. One morning, 
after the President had taken the chair and the opening exercises 
had been conducted, the Bevs. Thomas Waugh, John F. Mathews, 
and John Greer, the Irish representatives, announced that they 
had just heard that rebellion had broken out in Ireland, and that 
the places where their families resided were in a state of most 
violent commotion, and that they in consequence requested per- 
mission to leave the Conference and return home. The ordinary 
business was at once suspended, the brethren were commended 
to God in earnest prayer, and forthwith left for their own land, 
deeply impressed by the fraternal sympathy they had received. 
The report, however, proved to be greatly exaggerated. A spirit 
of disafifection and rebellion was rife, but it culminated in a 
miserable fiasco, yet very serious apprehensions were entertained. 

Concerning the state of the Society, at this period, in Mullin- 
gar an interesting view is given by the Bev. Bobert J. Meyer, 
then stationed on the Longford circuit. The principal supporter 
of the cause then and up to the present time had been Mr. 
James Tyrrell, the governor of the gaol, a man of deep piety, 
great consistency, and tender sympathy. As a visitor of the sick 
he had been greatly owned of the Lord, so that in the course of 
a few years he could number at least forty persons whom he had 
been the means of leading to the Saviour. On Sunday mornings 
the congregations were small but earnest, and in the evenings the 
chapel was generally filled to its utmost capacity, being attended 
by many of the leading inhabitants of the town, who, although 
not identified with the Society, greatly prized its services, highly 
esteemed its ministers, and generously responded to its financial 
appeals. There were two conversions at this time that are 
specially worthy of note. One of them was that of a young man 
having some business at the gaol. Mr. Tyrrell seized the 
opportunity of speaking to him about his soul; he became 
deeply impressed, and did not rest until he found the Pearl of 
great price. He was now placed in peculiarly trying drconstances, 
as his father kept a public-house and did a good business ; but 
the young convert was faitMvxV, «sA \Xift \i\^Yaft \Afisaing rested 



CHAPTER XXIX. — 1848. 391 

on his fidelity, so that the unholy traffic was given up, and the 
building which had been the scene of many a carousal became a 
place of prayer and praise, while the youth himself proved a most 
useful and acceptable local preacher. 

The other notable conversion was that of an eminent local 
physician, whose professional career would have been still more 
successful had he not been allured by the intoxicating cup, and 
thus at once injured his practice, blasted his domestic happiness, 
and ruined his health. Having shown much kindness and atten- 
tion to the Methodist ministers and members of their families 
who had been sick, Mr. Meyer took advantage of this circumstance 
to pay the doctor a visit, and urge him earnestly and affectionately 
to seek the Divine favour. The reception was such as opened the 
way for a visit from Mr. Tyrrell, who was accompanied by the 
Rev. William Crodc, jun., then in the town, and they found the 
invalid most anxious about his souL Mr. Crook encouraged him 
to look to Jesus, quoting and expounding the words, "And as 
Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the 
Son of man be lifted up ; that whosoever beUeveth in- Him should 
not perish, but have eternal life ; " and the poor penitent did look, 
and obtained life. A few days subsequently the doctor said to 
Mr. Meyer, " I thought I knew something of diseases and their: 
proper remedies, but that young minister has much more skill 
as a physician of the soul.*' And on another occasion he said,' 
with reference to the Methodists, "The people whom I once 
despised sought me out, and led me, a miserable sinner, to the 
Saviour, and now I hope to be for ever saved." Not long after- 
wards he peacefully passed away, to be " for ever with the Ixttd." 

Although the Conference had not seen its way to the re-^ 
appointment of general missionaries, it had given direction that 
two brethren should be appointed in each district, to visit it? 
circuits and missions and hold special services. This was done 
at the August meetings, and was attended with beneficial results.^ 
Many evangelistic meetings were held in the open air, as well as 
in places of worship, and they proved seasons " of refreshing from 
the presence of the Lord." No details, however, are available, 
except from the Enniskillen district, where the Revs. John 
Armstrong and Robert Huston were appointed. These devoted 
brethren entered on their work in tiie XQX<i<S\ft ^i ^«^\Ka&sR2t^ va^^ 



392 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

continued engaged in it for about three months. Services were 
held in the market-house of Maguiresbridge, in a large loft; or 
store of an hotel at Fivemiletown, in the chapel erected about 
eleven years previously at Tempo, in a bam at Grogey, in the 
market at Lisnaskea, in the preaching-house built in 1839 at 
Brookeborough, in the chapel at Knockmanoul, erected in 1832 by 
the liberality of the Rev. Gustavus Armstrong, in the preaching- 
house at Lisbellaw, built six years previously, and in the chapels 
-at Enniskillen, Ballinamallard, Lowtherstown,* Trillick, Rock- 
field, Togherdoo, Pettigo, Ballyshannon, and Manorhamilton, 
:as well as in the open air in each instance. The congregations 
in general were remarkably large. Divine power accompanied the 
word, and many souls were won for Christ. At a lovefeast at 
Brookeborough the experience narrated by at least one devoted 
old Christian was noteworthy. She said that on the night during 
which she had found mercy it was freezing, the snow being thick 
on the ground, yet such was the agony of her mind that her body 
was bathed in perspiration ; and that she could now praise Gt)d, 
who had kept her for fifty-three years, without bringing a blot on 
His cause. 

On the Killashandra circuit a very blessed work appears to 
have taken place, during the course of which a large number of 
young men were converted, some of whom subsequently entered 
the Wesleyan itinerancy and have done a good work for Christ 
and His cause. These included John Wilson, Charles Wood, 
Thomas Cooke, and William C. Doonan at Corlisbrattan, and 
Wilson J. Storey at Newtowngore. 

Encouraging reports of success are furnished also &om various 
missions and circuits in connection with the Primitive Wesleyan 
Society. From the county of Kerry Mr. William Stokes writes, 
^^ In this benighted country there is a spirit of inquiry among 
the people never equalled before ; prejudice is breaking down, 
and there is not the same dread of the priest as formerly. 
Twelve years ago I found it far more diflScult to shake the 
belief of the peasantry in their false system than I do now. In 
some of my preaching-places the congregations are the largest 
I ever saw in a country town — particularly at Newmarket, wliere 
the Bible was publicly burned, and where now Komanists attend 



CHAPTER XXIX. — 1848. 393 

the services and listen with great attention." Mr. William 
Pattyson of Cookstown says, " Our last quarterly meeting here 
was considered by our friends the largest they had seen for 
several years. To me it was a very happy season. A few souls 
were brought to know the love of God. One pious woman sent 
her daughter seven miles to be present at the meeting, and the 
Lord honoured the mother's faith by the conversion of her 
child." Mr. John M'llroy, who was stationed at Aughnacloy, 
states that he had been enalDled in five months to travel five 
hundred and sixty miles, and to preach the Gospel to upwards of 
five thousand persons, five hundred of whom were Soman Catholics. 
Nor had he laboured in vain, as three new and promising 
preaching-places had been opened, the preaching of the word 
had been accompanied with convincing po^er, and the classes 
had been increased. Concerning Antrim and Glenavy Mr. 
Robert Kerr reports, " In nearly all the principal preaching- 
places on this mission I have had a steady increase in our 
congregations ; in one district they have been more than trebled, 
and our Sunday-school at Glenavy has been nearly doubled."* 
In Belfast revival services were held during November and part 
of December. Mr. John Graham remarks, "The congregations 
during all the services were very large; sometimes thirteen 
hundred were present, and upwards of one hundred anxious souls 
were spoken to, many of whom found peace in believing." f 

♦ Primitive Wesley an Methodist Magaxine^ 1848, pp. 466-59. 
f Memoir of Re7. John Graham, p. 75. 



1 1 ■ . 



■ •. t • , • 



. • . I . . 



CHAPTEEXXX. 
1849. 

It will be difficult to understand that portion of Methodist history 
to which we are approaching without glancing again at some of 
the preceding events. Methodism was, under Q-od, the creation 
of John Wesley, who moulded its form and made and administered 
its laws. He claimed supremacy, and it was at onoe conceded ; 
but his wisdom, disinterestedness, and ability, combined with the 
special relation he sustained to the preachers and the Societies, 
rendered his autocracy not only tolerable, but beneficial. However, 
neither his qualities nor his relation could be transmitted. This 
he clearly perceived, and therefore, by the* execution of the Deed 
Poll, and by gently habituating the Societies to the rule of the 
preachers, he prepared for the transfer of his power to the Con- 
ference. Then when by his decease the crisis arrived the Con- 
ference, by unanimously resolving that all preachers in full 
connexion should " enjoy every privilege that the membisrs of the 
Cionference enjoy," knit the preachers into the closest unity. 
Whilst the itinerants were thus considering the best* mode of 
governing the people, some of the people were pondering the 
mode in which they would best like to be governed. They had 
submitted to the mild despotism of Wesley, and to the acts of 
discipline which his assistants had performed in his name. Now 
it became a question whether they would exhibit a similar 
meekness when such acts were done in the name of the Conference. 
A minority were unwilling to do so, and when resolutions were 
passed by the ministers that the dissentients disapproved of 
occasion was taken, from the action of the Conference, to secede 
from the parent body. Thus several oflFshoots of Methodism were 
formed in England. « 

The question of Church government, that roused so much 
feeling on the other side of t\ie CVi^nTieV «ceA \^ \a %ufih. serious 



CHAPTER XXX. — 1849. 395 

results, appears, until the period at which we have arrived, to 
have excited little interest in Irish Methodism. In the sad 
division of 1817 it was not the power of the Conference that was 
disputed, but the expediency of its action. Whether it arose from 
the influence of the Established Church, in which the people had 
no power, the conciliatory spirit in which the Methodist preachers 
used their authority, or from both, the &ct is patent that for 
nearly fifty years in Ireland the rule of the Conference was 
accepted without murmur or complaint. Now, however the 
apple of discord was thrown into the midst of the people, but 
failed to produce any extensive or lasting contention. The 
English Connexion was convulsed by a violent agitation. For 
several years a series of anonymous papers had been in circula- 
tion, under the name of " Fly Sheets," reflecting in the severest 
manner on the principles and polity of Methodism, and assailing 
with great virulence many eminent ministers. These tracts were 
full of innuendoes, covert charges, suspicions, and whisperings of a 
most damaging nature, which very few had an opportunity of 
testing, and which silently and surely exercised a very dangerous 
influence. During the first week of 1849 was announced the 
forthcoming publication of a newspaper, called the Wesleyan 
Tvmea, in which it was plainly stated that it represented a minority 
''who deem it their duty to make an unceasingly bold and 
determined stand against an administration which they believe 
is fatal in its influence on the body at large, and which by its 
acts is making Methodism as it is much less lovely and blessed 
than as it was." With unbounded professions of liberality and of 
devotedness to Wesleyan Methodism, this paper seldom omitted 
an opportunity of reflecting on the government of the Connexion 
or of patronizing and supporting those who resisted it ; even the 
Fly Sheets received a sort of apologetic support, if, indeed, their 
allegations were not to some extent justified and maintained. 
At the same time the first number of a new monthly periodical 
was published, under the title of the Wesley BanTier^ or Revival 
Record ; and among other objects, it was avowedly intended to 
defend the small .minority of Wesleyan ministers who generally 
dissented firom their brethren in the British Conference, and 
expose what was considered erroneous in the administration of 
the Connexion. The certain aad oWvstoa \«iA^xiSs^ ^ 'Wi^c^ 



390 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

publications was to destroy the mutual confidence upon which 
Methodism is based, and to subvert, or at least greatly impede, 
the operation of its several institutions. 

These papers were circulated in the large centres of Ireland, 
and proved the means of unsettling the minds of some of the 
officers of the Society, while a few of the leaders who had personal 
grievances availed themselves of the columns of the Wesleyan 
Times for ventilating them. Dublin appears to have been the 
first place aflFected by this pernicious agitation. The chief seat of 
disafiection was Blackball place, where several men of influence 
had passed away, leaving but few behind them of a kindred spirit, 
and none of sufficient influence to control the discontented. The 
first violation of propriety was the writing of an insulting and 
impertinent letter to the Rev. Dr. Newton, on account of which 
the author was called to order and censured by the leaders' 
meeting. Then anonymous attacks were made in the Wesleyan 
Times on honoured ministers, by " A Trustee, Steward, and Leader 
of Dublin North," and gross falsehoods stated concerning them. 
There can be only one opinion of such conduct. Shooting and 
stabbing at public men in the dark are cowardly and treacherous, 
and he who does these is morally guilty. Men who have faults to 
find and are afraid to put their names to their complaints ought 
to be silent altogether. The Rev. William Reilly, the super- 
intendent of the circuit, was placed in circumstances of no ordinary 
difficulty. It was strongly urged on him that he should take 
action in the matter; but while morally certain of the guilty 
party, legal evidence to convict him was not available, and the 
very court by which he should be tried consisted in part of those 
who participated in his crime and exulted in the mischief he had 
wrought. 

At this trying period many " trembled for the ark of God," 
but they also sought in prayer Divine help, and not in vain. One 
leader in Antrim, Mr. William Johnson, said, "I was very uneasy 
about this agitation in England, until I went and laid the matter 
before God ; and I got this answer : ^ God is in the midst of her ; 
she shall not be moved : God shall help her, and that right early.' 
This has perfectly satisfied me that all will be right."* "Unto 
the upright there ariseth light in the darkness." 

♦ Primitive WetXeyan JtfetKodist MogaiweA^^'^^'^*'^* 



CHAPTER XXX. — 1849. 397 

At Enniskillen some remarkable trophies of Divine grace were 
won for Christ, including two men named Wilson and Kerr, who 
had been found guilty of murder and sentenced to be hanged. 
Kerr was a poor, ignorant Protestant, who soon after his trial made 
a full confession of his guilt, and was thus prepared to receive the 
truth which gradually dawned on his mind. He was visited by 
the Bevs. Robert Huston and Robert Bell, who were filled with 
joyous amazement at the marked progress in his religious ex- 
perience, which he himself described thus : " After my sentence, 
when I came in I went to prayer ; but I could not pray — there 
were clouds between me and God. After a while I felt myself 
a-lightening, still I could not believe in my Saviour. Yet it was 
mending one time after another. One day I was turned totally 
against Him, another day I was with Him, till I threw myself on 
my knees and promised to give myself up to Him clean and 
clever, and then the distress was gone. At the same time I 
thought of what my Saviour did for me on the cross, and that 
lightened me. Then I felt His love, so that I thought His love 
and mine were mixed together." He became more and more 
composed as his end drew near, until he could say, " This is my 
last day in this world, and my mind isn't so much as on a little 
curl " — a phrase to signify that it was unrufBed. 

The case of Wilson, however, was diflFerent. He got hold of the 
idea that as no human being could absolve him, it was necessary to 
acknowledge his guilt only to God, and therefore stoutly maintained 
his innocence. Although much prayer was oflFered on his behalf, 
and he was frequently visited and faithfully dealt with by the 
ministers of the circuit and his own wife, it was not until the 
evening before his execution that he could be brought to confess 
his crime. This result was largely owing to the affectionate 
importunity of Mr. Bell, who, after much reasoning and entreaty, 
engaged in prayer, during which the wretched man suddenly rose 
from his knees, desired his wife to be sent for, and on her arrival 
exclaimed, " Oh, Eliza, dear, I shot John ! and now I am damned.** 
Then yielding to despair, he threw himself across his bed, and lay 
there as if lifeless. Three brethren, with Messrs. Huston and Bell, 
had arranged to remain up with him that night, the whole of 
which was spent in prayer and praise. The hymn beginning 
" There is a fountain " was given out. " ^c^nr ^T\NS>ravvA^C '^^^"^^ 



398 HISTORY OF METHODISM. 

Bell, "now for a plunge" — language which the unhappy man 
understood as a call to a vigorous and venturous act of faith ; and 
while the second verse was sung — 

'* The dying thief rejoioed to see 
That fountain in his day, 
And there may I, though vile as he. 
Wash all my sins away," 

Wilson started as if he had received an electric shock, believed 
the transporting truth, and leaping to his feet, shouted, " There 
may I! there may I! Glory be to God, there may I! Yes, 
there may I wash all my sins away." In all the rapture of • 
conscious pardon, the sinner saved by grace made the prison 
resound with his songs of praise, which he sang again and again, 
amidst a company of weeping and rejoicing officials and visitors. 
His warder, who had been a leader and had fallen from grace, 
prostrated himself in penitence of spirit at the throne of grace 
until his backslidings were healed ; and the keeper of Kerr also 
fell down, crying to God for mercy, and was enabled to lay hold on 
Christ for salvation. Well might Mr. Huston say, " That was a 
night of rare Christian fellowship." Wilson's last audible words 
ere he was hurried into eternity were, " Lord Jesus, receive my 
spirit." 

The Bandon circuit sustained a great loss by the removal of 
George Harris to America. He was superintendent of the Sunday- 
school, an excellent leader, and a generous supporter of the cause, 
as well as a very extensive employer of labour; but owing to 
holding some shares in a company that failed, he was obliged to 
emigrate to save himself from financial ruin. By a singular 
coincidence, the last sermon he heard preached before leaving was 
by the Kev. Thomas W^augh, on " I am thine ; save me," and on 
returning to Bandon, after the lapse of nearly five years, the firgt 
sermon he heard was by the same preacher, and his text was, 
" Mighty to save." 

The Wesleyan Conference was held in Cork, where the pre- 
paratory committees commenced their sittings on June 32nd. 
The first meeting was that of the chairmen of districts, when tbe 
state of each circuit, in reference particularly to numbers and 
Snances, was carefully considered. It '^rei;& ioxni^ l\>A.t. emigiatioti 



CHAPTBB XXX. — 1849. 399 

had deprived the Society of one thousand one hundred and sixty- 
five members, making a net decrease in the membership of nine 
hundred and twenty-one. The financial condition of the Con- 
nexion, notwithstanding great pressure sustained, was found to be 
very little below that of the preceding year. At the Missionary 
Committees of Review it appeared that there were twenty-four 
missionaries, and that on their stations there were forty-four 
chapels and two hundred and six rooms and other places in which 
religious services were conducted. Connected with these and the 
circuits there were also sixty daily schools, with three thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-seven scholars. The model school in 
Dublin had been the means of training efficiently most of the 
teachers. The reports from the missionaries on the religious 
state of their respective spheres of labour were on the whole very 
encouraging, although in many places the spiritual apathy of the 
people presented an obstacle to successful labour not easily over- 
come, and everywhere the mcrtality that prevailed was most 
afiecting. One of the missionaries, the Rev« James Sullivan^ for 
instance, thus writes ; " The past year has been one of, perhaps, 
unprecedented affliction. Fever and other diseases have been 
fearfully prevalent and fatal ; in April cholera broke out with all 
the violence of a plague, and in a few weeks not less than three 
thousand souls, in and about Ballinasloe, passed into the eternal 
world. Amidst this dreadful mortality, not one of the members 
of our Society was a victim. Never shall I forget the scenes of 
suffering, distress, and horror that I was called to witness. The 
cries and groans both of the living and the dying could scarcely 
be equalled except by what is seen on the battle-field after the 
victory has been won and the combatants have separated." * 

The members of the Conference met on June 27th, with the 
Rev. Dr. Newton as President. The Rev. Joseph Fowler was also 
present. Robert Johnson and two other candidates were received 
on trial. Two ministers, James Rutledge of New Ross and Archi- 
bald Murdock of Dungannon, both aged and venerated men, were 
reported as having died during the year. The Revs. William Reilly 
and John Williams were appointed to accompany the Rev. Thomas 
Waugh as Representatives to the British Conference. 

The Conference of the preachers of the Primitive Wesleyan 

* Primitive Weileyan Methodut Magoft\ne,\%V^^^«'^^^« 



400 HISTORY OP METHODISM. 

Society commenced in Dublin on June 27th, and as usual, on the 
following day the lay representatives were present, Mr. Alexander 
Stewart was again elected President, and Mr. Henry Taylor 
Secretary. On Sunday, July 1st, the members attended Divine 
service at St. Bridget's church, and received the Lord's Supper. 
James Irwin, who